Read by QxMD icon Read

stroke cns cvs disorders

Kenneth Maiese
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2014: Current Neurovascular Research
Harold P Adams
The noninfectious, inflammatory vasculitides include giant cell arteritis, Takayasu disease, Churg-Strauss angiitis, Wegener disease, polyarteritis nodosa, microscopic polyangiitis, Buerger disease, amyloid-β-related angiitis, and isolated vasculitis of the central nervous system. While these disorders are relatively uncommon, they produce a variety of neurologic diseases including muscle disease, mononeuropathy multiplex, polyneuropathy, cranial nerve palsies, visual loss, seizures, an encephalopathy, venous thrombosis, ischemic stroke, and intracranial hemorrhage...
2014: Handbook of Clinical Neurology
Oscar H Del Brutto
Snake and spider bites, as well as scorpion sting envenoming, are neglected diseases affecting millions of people all over the world. Neurological complications vary according to the offending animal, and are often directly related to toxic effects of the venom, affecting the central nervous system, the neuromuscular transmission, the cardiovascular system, or the coagulation cascade. Snake bite envenoming may result in stroke or muscle paralysis. Metalloproteinases and other substances (common in vipers and colubrids) have anticoagulant or procoagulant activity, and may induce ischemic or hemorrhagic strokes...
2013: Handbook of Clinical Neurology
Yiming Zheng, Juhui Qiu, Jianjun Hu, Guixue Wang
Cerebral cavernous malformation (CCM) is a common vascular disease in central nervous system that frequently predisposes to stroke, seizure, and cerebral hemorrhage. CCM lesions are characterized by dilated and leaky intracranial capillaries composed of a thin layer of vascular endothelial cells with abnormal subendothelial extracellular matrix. Despite the understanding that genetic mutation of three CCM genes (CCM1, CCM2, and CCM3) results in hereditary CCM, the molecular mechanism underlying vascular defects in CCM lesions remains poorly understood...
January 2013: Journal of Neurology
Arthur N Westover, Ethan A Halm
BACKGROUND: There is increasing concern that prescription stimulants may be associated with adverse cardiovascular events such as stroke, myocardial infarction, and sudden death. Public health concerns are amplified by increasing use of prescription stimulants among adults. METHODS: The objective of this study was to conduct a systematic review of the evidence of an association between prescription stimulant use and adverse cardiovascular outcomes. PUBMED, MEDLINE, EMBASE and Google Scholar searches were conducted using key words related to these topics (MESH): ADHD; Adults; Amphetamine; Amphetamines; Arrhythmias, Cardiac; Cardiovascular Diseases; Cardiovascular System; Central Nervous Stimulants; Cerebrovascular; Cohort Studies; Case-control Studies; Death; Death, Sudden, Cardiac; Dextroamphetamine; Drug Toxicity; Methamphetamine; Methylphenidate; Myocardial Infarction; Stimulant; Stroke; Safety...
June 9, 2012: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
Sermin Genc, Zeynep Zadeoglulari, Stefan H Fuss, Kursad Genc
Exposure to ambient air pollution is a serious and common public health concern associated with growing morbidity and mortality worldwide. In the last decades, the adverse effects of air pollution on the pulmonary and cardiovascular systems have been well established in a series of major epidemiological and observational studies. In the recent past, air pollution has also been associated with diseases of the central nervous system (CNS), including stroke, Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, and neurodevelopmental disorders...
2012: Journal of Toxicology
Katsuhito Mori, Masanori Emoto, Masaaki Inaba
Fetuin was first isolated from bovine serum in 1944. It is now most commonly known as either fetuin-A or alpha-2-HS-glycoprotein (AHSG), the protein product of Ahsg gene. A prominent feature of this protein is the functional diversity exerted in human physiology and pathophysiology. Fetuin-A plays a role in bone metabolism, metabolic disorders such as insulin resistance and diabetes mellitus (DM), and central nervous system (CNS) disorders such as ischemic stroke (IS) and neurodegenerative diseases. In addition, emerging evidence suggests involvement of fetuin-A in the cardiovascular system...
2012: Advances in Clinical Chemistry
Hedi Schelleman, Warren B Bilker, Brian L Strom, Stephen E Kimmel, Craig Newcomb, James P Guevara, Gregory W Daniel, Mark J Cziraky, Sean Hennessy
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to compare the rate of severe cardiovascular events and death in children who use attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) medications versus nonusers. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We performed a large cohort study using data from 2 administrative databases. All children aged 3 to 17 years with a prescription for an amphetamine, atomoxetine, or methylphenidate were included and matched with up to 4 nonusers on the basis of data source, gender, state, and age...
June 2011: Pediatrics
Li-Fang Hu, Ming Lu, Peter Tsun Hon Wong, Jin-Song Bian
Hydrogen sulfide (H(2)S) was known to be a toxic gas and an environmental hazard for many decades. However, it is now recognized that H(2)S may serve as a gaseous mediator that is endogenously produced to influence biological functions in mammalian. Together with nitric oxide and carbon monoxide, it forms the group of mediators that has been termed the "gasotransmitters." The past decade has seen an exponential growth of scientific interest in the physiological and pathological significance of H(2)S especially with respect to its role in the central nervous system and the cardiovascular system...
July 15, 2011: Antioxidants & Redox Signaling
Adrian Baranchuk, Michael A Nault, Carlos A Morillo
The role of the central nervous system in the modulation and precipitation of sudden cardiac death has been a matter of controversy for decades. Establishing a cause-effect relationship in the setting of a cerebro-vascular event has been complex, as patients with stroke usually have risk factors for coronary artery disease as well. This article will review both experimental and clinical evidence relating to the mechanisms that link the central nervous system and the cardiovascular system. Cardiovascular consequences of stroke and epilepsy will be also reviewed...
2009: Cardiology Journal
James H O'Keefe, Kevin A Bybee, Carl J Lavie
An extensive body of data shows concordant J-shaped associations between alcohol intake and a variety of adverse health outcomes, including coronary heart disease, diabetes, hypertension, congestive heart failure, stroke, dementia, Raynaud's phenomenon, and all-cause mortality. Light to moderate alcohol consumption (up to 1 drink daily for women and 1 or 2 drinks daily for men) is associated with cardioprotective benefits, whereas increasingly excessive consumption results in proportional worsening of outcomes...
September 11, 2007: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
David A Walsh, Daniel F McWilliams
The tachykinin family of vasoactive peptides comprises the neuropeptides substance P, neurokinin A and neurokinin B, and the newly discovered endokinins and hemokinins. Their cardiovascular effects are predominantly mediated by the family of neurokinin receptors. This review summarises the most recent advances in understanding the effects of tachykinins on the vasculature, and summarises their therapeutic potential. Tachykinins stimulate plasma extravasation, particularly acting through neurokinin-1 receptors in an endothelium-dependent manner...
August 2006: Current Drug Targets
C S van der Hooft, B H Ch Stricker
Ephedrine is a sympathicomimetic agent that stimulates the central nervous and cardiovascular systems and causes bronchodilatation. It is one of the alkaloids in the herb Ephedra which is the basis of several over-the-counter herbal products, among which a number of popular weight-loss products. The Dutch Inspectorate for Health Care has received reports of adverse reactions presumably associated with Ephedra-containing weight-loss products. These adverse reactions comprised mainly palpitations, stress, headache and insomnia...
July 13, 2002: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
P G Luiten, G I de Jong, T Schuurman
The pathogenesis of essential hypertension is not fully understood, but most of the cardiovascular, metabolic, neurogenic, and humoral abnormalities are explained by dysfunctions in the control of intracellular Ca2+ concentrations in the cells of the vascular wall. Most theories of disturbed calcium regulation focus on the calcium concentration within vascular smooth muscle cells. The implications of hypertension for the increased calcium content of aging arteries seem to be clear, but were only studied in the peripheral circulation; hypertension prominently augments the aging-related accumulation of calcium in the vessel wall...
December 15, 1994: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 1990: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
J Bartousek, O Grenarová, M Beranová, L Steidl, P Hlustík
This paper gives previously unpublished data about fiber density (FD) and jitter in patients with CVS. The cluster of these values is very similar to that found in sclerosis multiplex (SM). There is a problem whether both clusters represents the same disorder of CNS compared with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) or spinal muscular atrophy which have different values. Another problem is the participation of presumed central lesion on the increased jitter, the mechanism of which is still unknown.
1992: Acta Universitatis Palackianae Olomucensis Facultatis Medicae
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"