keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Drosha

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792523/engineering-double-stranded-rna-binding-activity-into-the-drosha-double-stranded-rna-binding-domain-results-in-a-loss-of-microrna-processing-function
#1
Joshua C Kranick, Durga M Chadalavada, Debashish Sahu, Scott A Showalter
Canonical processing of miRNA begins in the nucleus with the Microprocessor complex, which is minimally composed of the RNase III enzyme Drosha and two copies of its cofactor protein DGCR8. In structural analogy to most RNase III enzymes, Drosha possesses a modular domain with the double-stranded RNA binding domain (dsRBD) fold. Unlike the dsRBDs found in most members of the RNase III family, the Drosha-dsRBD does not display double-stranded RNA binding activity; perhaps related to this, the Drosha-dsRBD amino acid sequence does not conform well to the canonical patterns expected for a dsRBD...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754532/centenarians-maintain-mirna-biogenesis-pathway-while-it-is-impaired-in-octogenarians
#2
C Borrás, E Serna, J Gambini, M Inglés, J Vina
Centenarians but not octogenarians up regulate the expression of miRNAs, as we previously reported. We have looked into miRNA biogenesis. We show that RNA POL II, DROSHA, EXPORTIN 5 and DICER, are up-regulated in centenarians compared with octogenarians. Furthermore, factors involved in the control of these miRNAs biogenesis genes are also up-regulated in centenarians. Therefore, the up-regulation of miRNA expression in centenarians can be explained in part because miRNA biogenesis pathway is depressed in octogenarians (ordinary aging) while it is maintained in centenarians (extraordinary aging)...
July 25, 2017: Mechanisms of Ageing and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743859/let-7-microrna-dependent-control-of-leukotriene-signaling-regulates-the-transition-of-hematopoietic-niche-in-mice
#3
Xuan Jiang, John S Hawkins, Jerry Lee, Carlos O Lizama, Frank L Bos, Joan P Zape, Prajakta Ghatpande, Yongbo Peng, Justin Louie, Giorgio Lagna, Ann C Zovein, Akiko Hata
Hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells arise from the vascular endothelium of the dorsal aorta and subsequently switch niche to the fetal liver through unknown mechanisms. Here we report that vascular endothelium-specific deletion of mouse Drosha (Drosha (cKO)), an enzyme essential for microRNA biogenesis, leads to anemia and death. A similar number of hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells emerge from Drosha-deficient and control vascular endothelium, but Drosha (cKO)-derived hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells accumulate in the dorsal aorta and fail to colonize the fetal liver...
July 25, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739418/deficiency-of-dgcr8-increases-bone-formation-through-downregulation-of-mir-22-expression
#4
Young-Jin Choi, Sujin Jeong, Kyung-Ae Yoon, Hye-Jin Sung, Hye-Sim Cho, Dong Wook Kim, Je-Yoel Cho
MicroRNAs (miRNA) significantly contribute to bone formation by post-transcriptional regulation of gene expression. Mature miRNAs are generated following sequential cleavage by DROSHA/DGCR8 and DICER. However, recent studies have identified that some miRNAs require only one of these enzymes. Most studies seeking to clarify the role of miRNA during bone formation have been performed using DICER deletion strategies, but little is known regarding the role of DGCR8. To study the function of DGCR8 in osteogenesis, we generated mice in which Dgcr8 is conditionally deleted in osteoprogenitor cells by Col1a1-Cre...
July 21, 2017: Bone
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719649/differential-expression-of-small-rna-pathway-genes-associated-with-the-biomphalaria-glabrata-schistosoma-mansoni-interaction
#5
Fábio Ribeiro Queiroz, Luciana Maria Silva, Wander de Jesus Jeremias, Élio Hideo Babá, Roberta Lima Caldeira, Paulo Marcos Zech Coelho, Matheus de Souza Gomes
The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that approximately 240 million people in 78 countries require treatment for schistosomiasis, an endemic disease caused by trematodes of the genus Schistosoma. In Brazil, Schistosoma mansoni is the only species representative of the genus whose passage through an invertebrate host, snails of the genus Biomphalaria, is obligatory before infecting a mammalian host, including humans. The availability of the genome and transcriptome of B. glabrata makes studying the regulation of gene expression, particularly the regulation of miRNA and piRNA processing pathway genes, possible...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716689/brg1-and-smarcal1-transcriptionally-co-regulate-drosha-dgcr8-and-dicer-in-response-to-doxorubicin-induced-dna-damage
#6
Ketki Patne, Radhakrishnan Rakesh, Vijendra Arya, Upasana Bedi Chanana, Ramesh Sethy, Pynskhem Bok Swer, Rohini Muthuswami
Recent investigations have emphasized the role of miRNA biogenesis proteins in the synthesis of non-coding RNA when double-strand DNA breaks are induced by ionizing radiations. However, the role of these non-coding RNA and their regulation in response to doxorubicin-induced DNA damage is not known. In this paper, BRG1 and SMARCAL1, members of the ATP-dependent chromatin remodelling family, are shown to co-regulate the transcription of DROSHA, DGCR8, and DICER in response to double-strand DNA breaks induced by doxorubicin...
July 15, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665784/the-evidence-for-a-microrna-product-of-human-drosha-gene
#7
Peter Mechtler, Sydney Johnson, Hannah Slabodkin, Amir B Cohanim, Leonid Brodsky, Eugene S Kandel
MicroRNAs are short RNA molecules that regulate function and stability of a large subset of eukaryotic mRNAs. In the main pathway of microRNA biogenesis, a short "hairpin" is excised from a primary transcript by ribonuclease DROSHA, followed by additional nucleolytic processing by DICER and inclusion of the mature microRNA into the RNA-induced silencing complex. We report that a microRNA-like molecule is encoded by human DROSHA gene within a predicted stem-loop element of the respective transcript. This putative mature microRNA is complementary to DROSHA transcript variant 1 and can attenuate expression of the corresponding protein...
June 30, 2017: RNA Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658212/rnase-iii-nucleases-from-diverse-kingdoms-serve-as-antiviral-effectors
#8
Lauren C Aguado, Sonja Schmid, Jared May, Leah R Sabin, Maryline Panis, Daniel Blanco-Melo, Jaehee V Shim, David Sachs, Sara Cherry, Anne E Simon, Jean-Pierre Levraud, Benjamin R tenOever
In contrast to the DNA-based viruses in prokaryotes, the emergence of eukaryotes provided the necessary compartmentalization and membranous environment for RNA viruses to flourish, creating the need for an RNA-targeting antiviral system. Present day eukaryotes employ at least two main defence strategies that emerged as a result of this viral shift, namely antiviral RNA interference and the interferon system. Here we demonstrate that Drosha and related RNase III ribonucleases from all three domains of life also elicit a unique RNA-targeting antiviral activity...
June 28, 2017: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627619/expression-of-dicer-in-rheumatoid-arthritis-is-associated-with-disease-activity-and-balances-the-production-of-tnf%C3%A2-%C3%AE
#9
Shujun Wang, Min Yuan, Lijun Song, Xiuying Zhang, Qin Geng, Hongju Zhang, Xingfu Li
Gene expression can be altered through RNA interference (RNAi), including microRNA (miRNA) or small interfering RNA. Alterations of miRNAs in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) have been reported, however, the components of the RNAi machinery in RA remain to be fully elucidated. The aim of the present study was to detect the levels of Dicer, Argonaute2 and Drosha, components of the RNAi machinery, in the peripheral blood mononuclear cells of patients with RAusingreverse transcription‑quantitative polymerase chain reaction, and to compare the results with disease activity and clinical features...
August 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611354/chronic-low-dose-exposure-to-a-mixture-of-environmental-endocrine-disruptors-induces-micrornas-isomirs-deregulation-in-mouse-concomitant-with-intratesticular-estradiol-reduction
#10
Julio Buñay, Eduardo Larriba, Ricardo D Moreno, Jesús Del Mazo
Humans are environmentally exposed not only to single endocrine-disrupting chemicals (EDCs) but to mixtures that affect their reproductive health. In reproductive tissues, microRNAs (miRNAs) are emerging as key targets of EDCs. Here, we analysed changes in the testis "miRNome" (and their biogenesis mechanism) in chronically exposed adult mice to a cocktail of five EDCs containing 0.3 mg/kg-body weight (BW)/day of each phthalate (DEHP, DBP, BBP) and 0.05 mg/kg-BW/day of each alkylphenol (NP, OP), from conception to adulthood...
June 13, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598829/impaired-expression-of-drosha-in-breast%C3%A2-cancer
#11
Ali Akbar Poursadegh Zonouzi, Mohammad Shekari, Azim Nejatizadeh, Samira Shakerizadeh, Hedieh Fardmanesh, Ahmad Poursadegh Zonouzi, Mohammad Rahmati-Yamchi, Majid Tozihi
BACKGROUND: Impaired miRNAs processing pathway is one interesting scenario for global downregulation of the miRNAome in various types of malignancy. We previously reported that DGCR8 and Dicer genes dysregulated in patients with breast cancer. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the expression pattern of Drosha in patients with breast cancer. METHODS: We evaluated the mRNA expression level of Drosha in 70 fresh breast carcinomas and adjacent non-neoplastic tissue using quantitative real-time PCR and assessed the possible correlation between its expression and clinicopathological parameters...
June 2, 2017: Breast Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594311/a-lentiviral-vector-bearing-a-reverse-intron-demonstrates-superior-expression-of-both-proteins-and-micrornas
#12
Brigid Chiyoko Poling, Kevin Tsai, Dong Kang, Linda Ren, Edward M Kennedy, Bryan R Cullen
While lentiviral expression vectors are widely used in many facets of molecular biology, due to their ability to stably express heterologous genes in both dividing and non-dividing cells, they suffer from the disadvantage that introns inserted into the vector genome are generally rapidly lost by splicing in packaging cell lines. The presence of an intron, if achievable, has the potential to facilitate the expression of transgene cDNAs, as splicing has been extensively shown to facilitate mRNA biogenesis and function...
June 8, 2017: RNA Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584122/an-exportin-1-dependent-microrna-biogenesis-pathway-during-human-cell-quiescence
#13
Ivan Martinez, Karen E Hayes, Jamie A Barr, Abby D Harold, Mingyi Xie, Syed I A Bukhari, Shobha Vasudevan, Joan A Steitz, Daniel DiMaio
The reversible state of proliferative arrest known as "cellular quiescence" plays an important role in tissue homeostasis and stem cell biology. By analyzing the expression of miRNAs and miRNA-processing factors during quiescence in primary human fibroblasts, we identified a group of miRNAs that are induced during quiescence despite markedly reduced expression of Exportin-5, a protein required for canonical miRNA biogenesis. The biogenesis of these quiescence-induced miRNAs is independent of Exportin-5 and depends instead on Exportin-1...
June 20, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28581511/rna-fate-determination-through-cotranscriptional-adenosine-methylation-and-microprocessor-binding
#14
Philip Knuckles, Sarah H Carl, Michael Musheev, Christof Niehrs, Alice Wenger, Marc Bühler
Eukaryotic gene expression is heavily regulated at the transcriptional and post-transcriptional levels. An additional layer of regulation occurs co-transcriptionally through processing and decay of nascent transcripts physically associated with chromatin. This process involves RNA interference (RNAi) machinery and is well documented in yeast, but little is known about its conservation in mammals. Here we show that Dgcr8 and Drosha physically associate with chromatin in murine embryonic stem cells (mES), specifically with a subset of transcribed coding and noncoding genes...
July 2017: Nature Structural & Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575281/knockdown-and-replacement-therapy-mediated-by-artificial-mirtrons-in-spinocerebellar-ataxia-7
#15
Helen J Curtis, Yiqi Seow, Matthew J A Wood, Miguel A Varela
We evaluate a knockdown-replacement strategy mediated by mirtrons as an alternative to allele-specific silencing using spinocerebellar ataxia 7 (SCA7) as a model. Mirtrons are introns that form pre-microRNA hairpins after splicing, producing RNAi effectors not processed by Drosha. Mirtron mimics may therefore avoid saturation of the canonical processing pathway. This method combines gene silencing mediated by an artificial mirtron with delivery of a functional copy of the gene such that both elements of the therapy are always expressed concurrently, minimizing the potential for undesirable effects and preserving wild-type function...
May 30, 2017: Nucleic Acids Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540674/microrna-expression-protein-participants-in-microrna-regulation
#16
Valeria M King, Glen M Borchert
MiRNAs are ~20 nt small RNAs that regulate networks of proteins using a seed region of nucleotides 2-8 to complement the 3' UTR of target mRNAs. The biogenesis and function of miRNAs as translational repressors is facilitated by protein counterparts that process primary and precursor miRNAs to maturity (Drosha/DCGR8 and Dicer/TRBP respectively) and incorporate miRNAs into the protein complex RISC to recognize and repress target mRNAs (RISC proteins: Ago/TRBP1/TRBP2/DICER). Similarly, siRNAs through comparable mechanisms are loaded into the protein complex RITS to heterochromatin formation of DNA and suppress transcription of particular genes...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522832/the-fragment-hmga2-sh-3p20-from-hmga2-mrna-3-utr-promotes-the-growth-of-hepatoma-cells-by-upregulating-hmga2
#17
Yuan Wang, Fuquan Chen, Zhe Yang, Man Zhao, Shuqin Zhang, Yuen Gao, Jinyan Feng, Guang Yang, Weiying Zhang, Lihong Ye, Xiaodong Zhang
High mobility group A2 (HMGA2) plays a crucial role in the development of cancer. However, the mechanism by which HMGA2 promotes the growth of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) remains unclear. Here, we explore the hypothesis that HMGA2 may enhance the growth of hepatoma cells through a fragment based on the secondary structure of HMGA2 mRNA 3'-untranslated region (3'UTR). Bioinformatics analysis showed that HMGA2 mRNA displayed a hairpin structure within its 3'UTR, termed HMGA2-sh. Mechanistically, RNA immunoprecipitation assays showed that the microprocessor Drosha or DGCR8 interacted with HMGA2 mRNA in hepatoma cells...
May 18, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507100/the-microrna-machinery-regulates-fasting-induced-changes-in-gene-expression-and-longevity-in-caenorhabditis-elegans
#18
Akiko Kogure, Masaharu Uno, Takako Ikeda, Eisuke Nishida
Intermittent fasting (IF) is a dietary restriction regimen that extends the lifespans of Caenorhabditis elegans and mammals by inducing changes in gene expression. However, how IF induces these changes and promotes longevity remains unclear. One proposed mechanism involves gene regulation by microRNAs (miRNAs), small non-coding RNAs (∼22 nucleotides) that repress gene expression and whose expression can be altered by fasting. To test this proposition, we examined the role of the miRNA machinery in fasting-induced transcriptional changes and longevity in C...
July 7, 2017: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499456/role-of-micrornas-in-premature-ovarian-insufficiency
#19
REVIEW
Ying Guo, Junyan Sun, Dongmei Lai
Premature ovarian insufficiency (POI) is a typical disorder of amenorrhea lasting for a minimum of 4 months. The typical characteristics comprised of declined estrogen and raised serum concentrations of follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) in women <40-year-old, primarily originating from iatrogenic factors, karyotypic abnormalities, and genetic factors. However, the etiology of POI remains unknown in approximately 90% of cases. POI could lead to infertility, osteoporosis, cardiovascular disorder, and cognitive dysfunction...
May 12, 2017: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology: RB&E
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486664/microrna-21-plays-a-pivotal-role-in-the-oocyte-secreted-factor-induced-suppression-of-cumulus-cell-apoptosis
#20
Xiao Han, Rui Xue, Hong-Jie Yuan, Tian-Yang Wang, Juan Lin, Jie Zhang, Bo Liang, Jing-He Tan
It is known that oocytes and cumulus cells (CCs) are more resistant to apoptosis than other compartments of the antral follicle. However, although oocyte-secreted factors (OSFs) have been found to be involved in suppressing bovine CC apoptosis, little is known about the intracellular mechanisms by which OSFs render CCs resistant to apoptosis. Here, we show that coculture with mouse or pig cumulus-denuded oocytes, culture with recombinant mouse growth differentiation factor-9 (GDF-9), or culture in pig oocyte-conditioned medium (POCM) significantly inhibited CC apoptosis of mouse oocytectomized cumulus oophorus complexes (OOXs)...
June 1, 2017: Biology of Reproduction
keyword
keyword
47440
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"