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P72 p68

Luis G Giménez-Lirola, Lina Mur, Belen Rivera, Mark Mogler, Yaxuan Sun, Sergio Lizano, Christa Goodell, D L Hank Harris, Raymond R R Rowland, Carmina Gallardo, José Manuel Sánchez-Vizcaíno, Jeff Zimmerman
In the absence of effective vaccine(s), control of African swine fever caused by African swine fever virus (ASFV) must be based on early, efficient, cost-effective detection and strict control and elimination strategies. For this purpose, we developed an indirect ELISA capable of detecting ASFV antibodies in either serum or oral fluid specimens. The recombinant protein used in the ELISA was selected by comparing the early serum antibody response of ASFV-infected pigs (NHV-p68 isolate) to three major recombinant polypeptides (p30, p54, p72) using a multiplex fluorescent microbead-based immunoassay (FMIA)...
2016: PloS One
Yu-De Chu, Hsin-Kai Chen, Tao Huang, Shih-Peng Chan
Primary microRNAs (pri-miRNAs) are cleaved by the nuclear RNase III Drosha to produce hairpin-shaped precursor miRNAs (pre-miRNAs). In humans, this process is known to be facilitated by the DEAD-box helicases p68 (DDX5) and p72 (DDX17). In this study, we performed a candidate-based RNAi screen in C. elegans to identify DEAD/H-box proteins involved in miRNA biogenesis. In a let-7(mg279) sensitized genetic background, knockdown of a homolog of yeast splicing factor Prp28p, DDX-23, or a homolog of human helicases p68 and p72, DDX-17, enhanced let-7 loss-of-function phenotypes, suggesting that these helicases play a role in let-7 processing and/or function...
January 15, 2016: Developmental Biology
Raquel Portugal, João Coelho, Dirk Höper, Nicole S Little, Chad Smithson, Chris Upton, Carlos Martins, Alexandre Leitão, Günther M Keil
Two strains of African swine fever virus (ASFV), the high-virulence Lisboa60 (L60) and the low-virulence NH/P68 (NHV), which have previously been used in effective immunization/protection studies, were sequenced. Both were isolated in Portugal during the 11-year period after the introduction of ASFV to the European Continent in 1957. The predicted proteins coded by both strains were compared, and where differences were found these were also compared to other strains of known virulence. This highlighted several genes with significant alterations in low-virulence strains of ASFV that may constitute virulence factors, several of which are still uncharacterized regarding their function...
February 2015: Journal of General Virology
Verena Geißler, Simone Altmeyer, Benjamin Stein, Heike Uhlmann-Schiffler, Hans Stahl
Non-sense-mediated mRNA decay (NMD) is a mechanism of translation-dependent mRNA surveillance in eukaryotes: it degrades mRNAs with premature termination codons (PTCs) and contributes to cellular homeostasis by downregulating a number of physiologically important mRNAs. In the NMD pathway, Upf proteins, a set of conserved factors of which Upf1 is the central regulator, recruit decay enzymes to promote RNA cleavage. In mammals, the degradation of PTC-containing mRNAs is triggered by the exon-junction complex (EJC) through binding of its constituents Upf2 and Upf3 to Upf1...
September 2013: Nucleic Acids Research
Frances V Fuller-Pace
Members of the DEAD box family of RNA helicases, which are characterised by the presence of twelve conserved motifs (including the signature D-E-A-D motif) within a structurally conserved 'helicase' core, are involved in all aspects of RNA metabolism. Apart from unwinding RNA duplexes, which established these proteins as RNA helicases, DEAD box proteins have been shown to also catalyse RNA annealing and to displace proteins from RNA. DEAD box proteins generally act as components of large multi-protein complexes and it is thought that interactions, via their divergent N- and C-terminal extensions, with other factors in the complexes may be responsible for the many different functions attributed to these proteins...
August 2013: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
Noriyuki Kitagawa, Hidenori Ojima, Takuya Shirakihara, Hiroko Shimizu, Akiko Kokubu, Tomoko Urushidate, Yasushi Totoki, Tomoo Kosuge, Shinichi Miyagawa, Tatsuhiro Shibata
Genetic alterations and deregulation of the miRNA biogenesis pathway components have been reported in human tumors. Tissue-specific deletion of the Dicer gene, which encodes an essential miRNA processing enzyme, promotes carcinogenesis in animal models. These features indicate that aberrant miRNA biogenesis components are directly associated with cancer. For the present study, we conducted quantitative RT-PCR of 14 genes that are related to the miRNA biogenesis pathway in 47 paired samples of primary hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and matched non-cancerous liver...
May 2013: Cancer Science
Yu-ping Zhu, Tao Shen, Shu Wang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2012: Sheng Li Ke Xue Jin Zhan [Progress in Physiology]
Yuji Takaoka, Yuko Shimizu, Hitoki Hasegawa, Yasuo Ouchi, Shanlou Qiao, Miki Nagahara, Masatoshi Ichihara, Jiing-Dwan Lee, Koichi Adachi, Michinari Hamaguchi, Takashi Iwamoto
Recently, miR-143 and miR-145 have been shown to belong to a subset of microRNAs whose expression is controlled by a complex of a tumor suppressor p53 and DEAD-box RNA helicase subunits p68/p72. While accumulating studies have acknowledged that both miRNAs function as tumor suppressors and are similarly regulated, evidence of their coordinated action against tumorigenesis has been poorly presented. Herein, we establish transgenic mice that express miR-143 under the control of the CAG regulatory unit. When crossbred with Apc(Min/+) mice, the development of tumors in the small intestines is significantly attenuated...
2012: PloS One
Frances V Fuller-Pace, Samantha M Nicol
It is established that several DEAD box RNA helicases perform multiple functions in the cell, often through interactions with different partner proteins in a context-dependent manner. Several studies have shown that some DEAD box proteins play important roles as regulators of transcription, particularly as coactivators or cosuppressors of transcription factors that are themselves highly regulated. Two such RNA helicases are DDX5 (p68) and DDX17 (p72). These proteins are known to function in RNA processing/alternative splicing, but they have also been shown to interact with, and act as coregulators of, transcription factors that are themselves highly regulated...
2012: Methods in Enzymology
Frances V Fuller-Pace, Hayley C Moore
The DEAD box RNA helicases p68 (DDX5) and p72 (DDX17) play important roles in multiple cellular processes that are commonly dysregulated in cancers, including transcription, pre-mRNA processing/alternative splicing and miRNA processing. Although p68 and p72 appear to have some overlapping functions, they clearly also have distinct, nonredundant functions. Furthermore, their ability to interact with a variety of different factors and act as multifunctional proteins has the potential to impact on several different processes, and alterations in expression or function of p68 and/or p72 could have profound implications for cancer development...
February 2011: Future Oncology
Steven M Mooney, Apollina Goel, Antonino B D'Assoro, Jeffrey L Salisbury, Ralf Janknecht
Here, we demonstrate that p68 (DDX5) and p72 (DDX17), two homologous RNA helicases and transcriptional cofactors, are substrates for the acetyltransferase p300 in vitro and in vivo. Mutation of acetylation sites affected the binding of p68/p72 to histone deacetylases, but not to p300 or estrogen receptor. Acetylation additionally increased the stability of p68 and p72 RNA helicase and stimulated their ability to coactivate the estrogen receptor, thereby potentially contributing to its aberrant activation in breast tumors...
October 1, 2010: Journal of Biological Chemistry
Ralf Janknecht
P68 (DDX5) and p72 (DDX17) are members of the DEAD-box RNA helicase family. They can unwind double-stranded RNA and also contribute to the remodeling of ribonucleoprotein complexes. These activities of p68/p72 are required for efficient RNA splicing and microRNA processing. In addition, p68/p72 perform functions that are independent of their enzymatic activity. This is especially common to their role in gene regulation, where p68/p72 coactivate various transcription factors, including the tumor suppressor p53, estrogen receptor alpha and beta-catenin...
2010: American Journal of Translational Research
Steven M Mooney, Joseph P Grande, Jeffrey L Salisbury, Ralf Janknecht
The p68 (DDX5) and p72 (DDX17) proteins are members of the DEAD-box (DDX) family of RNA helicases. We show that both p68 and p72 are overexpressed in breast tumors. Bioinformatical analysis revealed that the SUMO pathway is upregulated in breast tumors and that both p68 and p72 contain one consensus sumoylation site, implicating that sumoylation of p68 and p72 increases during breast tumorigenesis and potentially contributes to their overexpression. We determined that p68 and p72 are indeed sumoylated at a single, homologous site...
January 12, 2010: Biochemistry
N C Wortham, E Ahamed, S M Nicol, R S Thomas, M Periyasamy, J Jiang, A M Ochocka, S Shousha, L Huson, S E Bray, R C Coombes, S Ali, F V Fuller-Pace
The DEAD-box RNA helicases p68 (DDX5) and p72 (DDX17) have been shown to act as transcriptional co-activators for a diverse range of transcription factors, including oestrogen receptor-alpha (ERalpha). Here, we show that, although both proteins interact with and co-activate ERalpha in reporter gene assays, small interfering RNA-mediated knockdown of p72, but not p68, results in a significant inhibition of oestrogen-dependent transcription of endogenous ERalpha-responsive genes and oestrogen-dependent growth of MCF-7 and ZR75-1 breast cancer cells...
November 19, 2009: Oncogene
Steffen Pahlich, Lilian Quero, Bernd Roschitzki, Ruzanna P Leemann-Zakaryan, Heinz Gehring
The human Ewing Sarcoma (EWS) protein belongs to the TET family of RNA-binding proteins and consists of an N-terminal transcriptional activation domain (EAD) and a C-terminal RNA-binding domain (RBD), which is extensively methylated at arginine residues. This multifunctional protein acts in transcriptional co-activation, DNA-recombination, -pairing and -repair, in splicing, and mRNA transport. The role of arginine methylation in these processes as well as the time and place of methylation within cells is still unclear...
October 2009: Journal of Proteome Research
Wei Jin, Ying Chen, Gen-hong Di, Penelope Miron, Yi-feng Hou, Hui Gao, Zhi-ming Shao
BRCA2 is closely related to the pathogenesis of breast cancer. In the present study, we found that estrogen can activate BRCA2 transcription, which is estrogen receptor (ER) alpha-dependent. During estrogen treatment, ERalpha interacted with CREB-binding protein/p300, p68/p72, and MyoD and formed an activating transcriptional complex that could bind to many Sp1 sites on the BRCA2 promoter and activate its transcription by inducing histone acetylations. MyoD is a new component of ERalpha complex. ERbeta or p53 attenuated ERalpha-mediated transcriptional activation by preventing the recruitment of ERalpha transcriptional complex and histone acetylations on the BRCA2 promoter...
October 31, 2008: Journal of Biological Chemistry
Frances V Fuller-Pace, Simak Ali
DEAD box [a motif named after its amino acid sequence (Asp-Glu-Ala-Asp)] RNA helicases are known to play key roles in all cellular processes that require modulation of RNA structure. However, in recent years, several of these proteins have been found to function in transcriptional regulation. In the present paper, we shall review the literature demonstrating the action of p68 and, where data are available, p72 as transcriptional co-regulators for a range of transcription factors, namely ERalpha (oestrogen receptor alpha), the tumour suppressor p53, the myogenic regulator MyoD and Runx2, a transcription factor essential for osteoblast development...
August 2008: Biochemical Society Transactions
Guifang Chen, Xuemin Guo, Fengxiang Lv, Yihui Xu, Guangxia Gao
The zinc-finger antiviral protein (ZAP) specifically inhibits the replication of many viruses by preventing the accumulation of viral mRNAs in the cytoplasm. ZAP directly binds to the viral mRNAs and recruits the RNA exosome to degrade the target RNA. In the present study, we identified the p72 DEAD box RNA helicase, but not the highly similar RNA helicase p68, as a ZAP-interacting protein. The binding domain of ZAP was mapped to its N-terminal portion, whereas both the N- and C-terminal domains of p72 bound to ZAP...
March 18, 2008: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Fumiko Iwamoto, Michael Stadler, Katerina Chalupníková, Edward Oakeley, Yoshikuni Nagamine
RHAU (RNA helicase associated with AU-rich element) is a DExH protein originally identified as a factor accelerating AU-rich element-mediated mRNA degradation. The discovery that RHAU is predominantly localized in the nucleus, despite mRNA degradation occurring in the cytoplasm, prompted us to consider the nuclear functions of RHAU. In HeLa cells, RHAU was found to be localized throughout the nucleoplasm with some concentrated in nuclear speckles. Transcriptional arrest altered the localization to nucleolar caps, where RHAU is closely localized with RNA helicases p68 and p72, suggesting that RHAU is involved in transcription-related RNA metabolism in the nucleus...
April 1, 2008: Experimental Cell Research
Brian J Wilson, Vincent Giguère
BACKGROUND: The Oncominedatabase is an online collection of microarrays from various sources, usually cancer-related, and contains many "multi-arrays" (collections of analyzed microarrays, in a single study). As there are often many hundreds of tumour samples/microarrays within a single multi-array results from coexpressed genes can be analyzed, and are fully searchable. This gives a potentially significant list of coexpressed genes, which is important to define pathways in which the gene of interest is involved...
2007: BMC Genomics
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