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intestinal metaplasia in the gastric antrum

Yoshiya Kobayashi, Yoshinori Komazawa, Makoto Nagaoka, Yoshiko Takahashi, Mika Yuki, Toshihiro Shizuki, Toru Nabika
A 49-year-old woman underwent an esophagogastroduodenoscopy as part of a health check at our hospital. Endoscopic observation revealed a flat elevated lesion 6 mm in diameter in the gastric antrum (Paris Classification type IIa). Magnifying endoscopy using narrow-band imaging showed a slightly irregular micro-surface pattern with round and oval pits, as well as a regular micro-vascular pattern without a demarcation line. Atrophy and intestinal metaplasia were not recognized in the background gastric mucosa...
September 2016: Endoscopy International Open
Valli De Re, Enrico Orzes, Vincenzo Canzonieri, Stefania Maiero, Mara Fornasarig, Lara Alessandrini, Silvia Cervo, Agostino Steffan, Giorgio Zanette, Cinzia Mazzon, Paolo De Paoli, Renato Cannizzaro
OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study were to investigate the serum pepsinogen test for the prediction of OLGIM (Operative Link on Gastric Intestinal Metaplasia Assessment) stages in first-degree relatives (FDR-GC) of patients with gastric cancer (GC) and autoimmune chronic atrophic gastritis (ACAG). METHODS: In 67 consecutive patients with ACAG, 82 FDR-GC, and 53 controls (CTRL) without gastric disease (confirmed by biopsy), serum levels of pepsinogen 1 (PG1), pepsinogen 2 (PG2), G17, and the PG1/2 ratio were assessed by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay kit...
2016: Clinical and Translational Gastroenterology
O V Sazonova, I L Davydkin, A M Osadchuk, T A Gritsenko
THE PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: To determine the prognostic significance of the expression of molecules of PCNA, Bcl-2, NF-Kb and tachykinins (substance P, neurokinin A) in patients with gastric ulcer (CU) receiving cytotoxic therapy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Total surveyed 90 patients divided into 3. equal groups. The first comparison group consisted of patients with chronic atrophic H. pylori-associated gastritis (CAG) (30 pers.). A second control group consisted of patients with gastric ulcer (30 pers...
2016: Experimental & Clinical Gastroenterology
Mpho Kgomo, A A Elnagar, T Mokoena, C Jeske, G J Nagel
INTRODUCTION: Helicobacter pylori is an important causative factor in gastric carcinogenesis; its role in extra-gastric gastrointestinal malignancies such as oesophageal cancer is controversial. H. pylori is thought to cause extensive gastric atrophy associated with squamous cell carcinoma of the oesophagus. We conducted a study to determine the prevalence of H. pylori infection in patients with squamous cell carcinoma of the oesophagus. METHOD: We collected biopsies from the antrum and corpus of 59 patients with confirmed squamous cell carcinoma of the oesophagus, two from each area...
May 30, 2016: Journal of Gastrointestinal Cancer
Hsin-Yu Kuo, Wei-Lun Chang, Yi-Chun Yeh, Yu-Ching Tsai, Chung-Tai Wu, Hsiu-Chi Cheng, Hsiao-Bai Yang, Cheng-Chang Lu, Bor-Shyang Sheu
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Gastric cancer has familial clustering in incidence, and the familial relatives of gastric cancer sufferers are prone to have spasmolytic polypeptide-expressing metaplasia (SPEM), and intestinal metaplasia (IM) after H. pylori infection. This study tested whether serum pepsinogen I/II and trefoil factor family (TFF) proteins can predict SPEM or IM in the H. pylori-infected relatives of patients with gastric cancer. METHODS: We prospectively enrolled 119 H...
May 25, 2016: Helicobacter
Sana Ben Slama, Dorra Ben Ghachem, Amen Dhaoui, Mohamed Taieb Jomni, Mohamed Hédi Dougui, Khadija Bellil
Helicobacter pylori (H pylori) gastritis presents a risk of cancer related to atrophy and intestinal metaplasia. Two recent classifications OLGA (Operative Link on Gastritis Assessment) and OLGIM (Operative Link on Gastritic Intestinal Metaplasia assessment) have been proposed to identify high-risk forms (stages III and IV). The aim of this study is to evaluate the OLGA and OLGIM staging systems in H pylori gastritis. A descriptive study of 100 cases of chronic H pylori gastritis was performed. The revaluation of Sydney System parameters of atrophy and intestinal metaplasia, of gastric antrum and corpus, allowed identifying respectively the stages of OLGA and OLGIM systems...
2016: Pan African Medical Journal
Xin-Yi Mao, Shun-Fu Xu, Qing Liu, Jian-Xia Jiang, Hai-Han Zhang, Huai-Ming Sang, Guo-Xin Zhang
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Gastric intestinal metaplasia (IM) is an important risk factor for intestinal-type gastric carcinoma, and successful treatment critically depends on its timely detection. In order to guide appropriate endoscopic surveillance, objective knowledge on the anatomical predilection of intestinal metaplasia development is urgently needed. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 78,335 cases who underwent gastroduodenoscopy from 2008 to 2013 in Jiangsu and Anhui provinces in China, were studied...
March 2016: Saudi Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Saudi Gastroenterology Association
Satoki Shichijo, Yoshihiro Hirata, Ryota Niikura, Yoku Hayakawa, Atsuo Yamada, Tetsuo Ushiku, Masashi Fukayama, Kazuhiko Koike
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Helicobacter pylori eradication therapy is effective at reducing the incidence of gastric cancer; however, gastric cancer still develops after eradication. We conducted a cohort study to elucidate the risk factors for gastric cancer development after successful H pylori eradication therapy. METHODS: From June 1998 to December 2012 we assessed histologic and endoscopic findings of gastritis and performed H pylori eradication therapy in 748 patients without a history of gastric cancer...
October 2016: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
Cheol Min Shin, Nayoung Kim, Hyun Chang, Joo Sung Kim, Dong Ho Lee, Hyun Chae Jung
BACKGROUND: Changes in CDX1/CDX2 in gastric mucosae following Helicobacter pylori eradication have not been clarified yet. AIMS: To evaluate the changes in CDX1/CDX2 expression after H. pylori eradication, in relation to the reversibility of intestinal metaplasia (IM). METHODS: Time course of CDX1/CDX2 expressions was investigated in 176 subjects with various gastroduodenal disorders. Among them, 132 patients were H. pylori positives; H. pylori were eradicated in 107 of them; 13 failed to eradicate; and 12 did not receive H...
April 2016: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
Do Hyun Kim, Ho Dong Kim, Hyeuk Park, Seung Choi, Jae Won Beom, Woo Jong Kim, Chang Kook Park, Young Jik Lee, Ju Young Park, Hyung Rag Kim, Chul Park, Young Eun Joo, Young Do Jung
BACKGROUND/AIMS: To evaluate a new monoclonal antibody for Helicobacter pylori urease in gastric tissue. METHODS: A total of 107 volunteers were enrolled. All subjects underwent a (13)C-urea breath test and esophagogastroduodenoscopy. Gastric aspirates were analyzed for pH and ammonia. Six biopsy specimens in the gastric antrum and body were obtained for a rapid urease test and histology. The new monoclonal antibody-based H. pylori urease test (HPU) was performed to rapidly and qualitatively detect urease in two biopsy specimens...
January 2016: Korean Journal of Internal Medicine
Haijian Zhao, Xiaojun Yang, Yangchun Zhou, Weiming Zhang, Yao Wang, Jianfei Wen, Zhihong Zhang, Lizong Shen
Gastric intestinal metaplasia (GIM) is a pre-cancerous condition and a pivotal step in the formation of gastric cancer (GC). Aquaporin 3 (AQP3) has been found to be expressed in goblet cells rather than mucus-secreting glands. To investigate the characteristics of GIM in non-cancerous tissues adjacent to GC, as well as the expression and role of AQP3 in GIM tissues, 16 patients diagnosed with gastric adenocarcinoma of intestinal type located in the lesser curve of the antrum were consecutively enrolled in this study...
November 17, 2015: Oncotarget
Bo Gun Jang, Byung Lan Lee, Woo Ho Kim
BACKGROUND: Cells expressing LGR5, an intestinal stem cell marker, have been suggested as cancer stem cells in human colon cancers. Previously, we discovered that LGR5-expressing cells exist in the gastric antrum and remarkably increase in number in intestinal metaplasia. In addition, most gastric adenomas contain abundant LGR5-expressing cells coexpressing intestinal stem cell signatures. However, LGR5 expression in gastric cancers (GCs) and its prognostic significance remain unknown...
July 2016: Gastric Cancer
Masaaki Kodama, Tadayoshi Okimoto, Ryo Ogawa, Kazuhiro Mizukami, Kazunari Murakami
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS: The relationship between endoscopic atrophy classification (EAC) and histological gastric atrophy and intestinal metaplasia (IM) was examined before and after Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) eradication in order to evaluate the usefulness of EAC for detecting the risk of gastric cancer following eradication. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 230 patients (137 males, 93 females; mean age: 58.0 ± 11.8 y) with successful eradication were enrolled...
August 2015: Endoscopy International Open
Takeshi Matsuhisa, Yoshio Yamaoka, Tomohisa Uchida, Davaadorj Duger, Battulga Adiyasuren, Oyuntsetseg Khasag, Tserentogtokh Tegshee, Byambajav Tsogt-Ochir
AIM: To investigate the characteristics of gastric cancer and gastric mucosa in a Mongolian population by comparison with a Japanese population. METHODS: A total of 484 Mongolian patients with gastric cancer were enrolled to study gastric cancer characteristics in Mongolians. In addition, a total of 208 Mongolian and 3205 Japanese consecutive outpatients who underwent endoscopy, had abdominal complaints, no history of gastric operation or Helicobacter pylori eradication treatment, and no use of gastric secretion inhibitors such as histamine H2-receptor antagonists or proton pump inhibitors were enrolled...
July 21, 2015: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
M J Ostaff, C Schäfer, L Courth, S R D Stebe, G Ott, E F Stange, J Wehkamp
OBJECTIVES: How alcohol consumption affects the integrity and the defense mechanisms of the mucosa in the upper gastrointestinal tract is largely unknown. We examined the effect of heavy alcohol use on gastric and duodenal Paneth-cell-derived and epithelial antimicrobial peptides (AMPs), cytokines, and the Wnt pathway, an important regulator of epithelial regeneration. METHODS: In 22 patients with heavy alcohol use and 17 control subjects, biopsies from gastric corpus, antrum, and duodenum were examined for messenger RNA (mRNA) of AMPs, cytokines, and Wnt pathway factors using real-time PCR...
2015: Clinical and Translational Gastroenterology
M Varbanova, T Wex, D Jechorek, F W Röhl, C Langner, M Selgrad, P Malfertheiner
BACKGROUND: Gastric atrophy and intestinal metaplasia (IM) are preneoplastic conditions in the development of gastric cancer. Histopathological assessment is based on the updated Sydney system and superordinate staging systems, operative link on gastritis assessment (OLGA) and operative link on gastritis assessment using IM (OLGIM), all requiring a biopsy from the incisura angularis (angulus). AIM: To determine the value of the angulus biopsy for the detection of preneoplastic conditions and cancer risk evaluation using OLGA and OLGIM prospectively...
January 2016: Journal of Clinical Pathology
T T H Trang, H Nagashima, T Uchida, V Mahachai, R-K Vilaichone, L Tshering, T T Binh, Y Yamaoka
In order to evaluate the role of the RAD51 G135C genetic polymorphism on the risk of gastric cancer induced by Helicobacter pylori infection, we determined allele frequency and genotype distribution of this polymorphism in Bhutan--a population documented with high prevalence of gastric cancer and extremely high prevalence of H. pylori infection. The status of RAD51 G135C was examined by restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis of PCR amplified fragments and sequencing. Histological scores were evaluated according to the updated Sydney system...
January 2016: Epidemiology and Infection
Mário Dinis-Ribeiro, Ernst J Kuipers
In an aging European population, an increasing number of individuals will suffer from gastric cancer in the coming two decades. Recent research has determined the risk for gastric cancer in patients with different stages of gastric atrophy. Based on these data, it is now recommended that surveillance is offered to individuals with advanced stages of atrophic gastritis. Endoscopic biopsies of the gastric antrum and corpus are recommended in order to assess the severity and extent of gastric atrophy. This enables identification of those at highest risk of progressing to cancer...
June 2015: Endoscopy
Ramin Niknam, Alireza Manafi, Mohammad Reza Fattahi, Laleh Mahmoudi
Atrophic gastritis, intestinal metaplasia, and gastric dysplasia are histologic premalignant lesions (PMLs). Correlation between the gastric endoscopic findings and histologic PMLs is not clear. This study was designed to determine the possible association of endoscopic findings and histologic PMLs.Over 28 months gastric endoscopic findings of consecutive rural patients with dyspepsia were categorized into 3 groups: 1-normal, 2-ulcerative with or without concurrent abnormality, 3-abnormal non-ulcerative. Biopsies of antrum and body were taken from all included patients and examined for the presence of histologic PMLs...
May 2015: Medicine (Baltimore)
Akiko Saka, Kazuyoshi Yagi, Satoshi Nimura
BACKGROUND AND AIM: As atrophic gastritis and intestinal metaplasia as a result of Helicobacter pylori are considered risk factors for gastric cancer, it is important to assess their severity. In the West, the operative link for gastritis assessment (OLGA) and operative link for gastric intestinal metaplasia assessment (OLGIM) staging systems based on biopsy have been widely adopted. In Japan, however, narrow-band imaging (NBI)-magnifying endoscopic diagnosis of gastric mucosal inflammation, atrophy, and intestinal metaplasia has been reported to be fairly accurate...
November 2015: Digestive Endoscopy: Official Journal of the Japan Gastroenterological Endoscopy Society
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