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Diabetes mortality community

Wendy A Davis, David G Bruce, Milan Dragovic, Timothy M E Davis, Sergio E Starkstein
BACKGROUND: Previous research using latent class analysis (LCA) identified classes of people with type 2 diabetes and specific profiles of depression and anxiety. Since LCA-derived anxious depression strongly predicts cardiovascular outcomes and mortality but cannot be applied to individuals, we developed a validated combined depression-anxiety metric, the Diabetes Anxiety Depression Scale (DADS), for potential clinical application in people with type 2 diabetes. METHODS: 1,337 participants with type 2 diabetes from the observational community-based Fremantle Diabetes Study Phase II completed the Patient Health Questionnaire 9-item version (PHQ-9) to assess symptoms of depression, and the Generalised Anxiety Disorder Scale (GADS) to assess symptoms of anxiety...
2018: PloS One
Daniel Shpilsky, Sebhat Erqou, Sanjay R Patel, Kevin E Kip, Oluremi Ajala, Aryan Aiyer, Patrick J Strollo, Steven E Reis, Oladipupo Olafiranye
Studies have reported an association between obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and cardiovascular disease (CVD) morbidity and mortality. Proposed mechanisms include endothelial dysfunction and atherosclerosis. We aimed to investigate the associations of OSA with endothelial dysfunction and subclinical atherosclerotic coronary artery disease (CAD), and assess the impact of race on these associations. We used data from the Heart Strategies Concentrating on Risk Evaluation (Heart SCORE) study, a community-based prospective cohort with approximately equal representation of black and white participants...
March 1, 2018: Vascular Medicine
B N Conway, M F Lopes-Virella, W J Blot
AIMS: To estimate the overall and cause-specific mortality in a population of African-Americans and white Americans with a low socio-economic status who had young-onset insulin-treated diabetes and had survived beyond the age of 40 years, and to examine whether any excess risk varied according to age at diabetes onset. METHODS: Using the Southern Community Cohort Study, we conducted a mortality follow-up of a cohort of mostly low-income participants aged 40-79 years (mean 50 years) at cohort entry with insulin-treated diabetes diagnosed before age 30 years (n=475) and without diabetes (n=62 266)...
March 12, 2018: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
Ashok Kumar Singh, Aditya Shukla, R Bajwa, Roshni Agrawal, Neha Srivastwa
Pulmonary nocardiosis is a rare disease, which mainly affects immunocompromised hosts such as uncontrolled diabetics; HIV patients; and patients on immunosuppressive therapies such as anticancer drugs, systemic steroids, and transplant recipients. The diagnosis is often missed and delayed, resulting in inappropriate treatment and thus higher mortality. We are reporting a case of pulmonary nocardiosis with acute presentation in an immune-competent host, who presented with community-acquired pneumonia to the Intensive Care Unit...
February 2018: Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine
Patrick M Newman, Molly F Franke, Jafet Arrieta, Hector Carrasco, Patrick Elliott, Hugo Flores, Alexandra Friedman, Sophia Graham, Luis Martinez, Lindsay Palazuelos, Kevin Savage, Hayley Tymeson, Daniel Palazuelos
Background: Non-communicable diseases (NCDs) contribute greatly to morbidity and mortality in low-income and middle-income countries (LMICs). Community health workers (CHWs) may improve disease control and medication adherence among patients with NCDs in LMICs, but data are lacking. We assessed the impact of a CHW-led intervention on disease control and adherence among patients with diabetes and/or hypertension in Chiapas, Mexico. Methods: We conducted a prospective observational study among adult patients with diabetes and/or hypertension, in the context of a stepped-wedge roll-out of a CHW-led intervention...
2018: BMJ Global Health
Michelle C Kondo, Jaime M Fluehr, Thomas McKeon, Charles C Branas
Background : Over half of the world's population now lives in urban areas, and this proportion is expected to increase. While there have been numerous reviews of empirical studies on the link between nature and human health, very few have focused on the urban context, and most have examined almost exclusively cross-sectional research. This review is a first step toward assessing the possibility of causal relationships between nature and health in urban settings. Methods : Through systematic review of published literature, we explored the association between urban green space and human health...
March 3, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Qin Zhang, Huanyu Guo, Haifeng Gu, Xiaohong Zhao
Background: Frailty associated with aging increases the risk of falls, disability, and death. We investigated gender-associated factors for frailty. Methods: Data of 3,079 geriatric subjects were retrieved from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2007-2010 database. After excluding 1,126 subjects with missing data on frailty, medical history and survival, data of 1,953 patients were analyzed. Main endpoints were frailty prevalence, mortality rates and causes of death...
2018: PeerJ
Sarah Abdi, Avanti Wadugodapitiya, Sandra Bedaf, Carolin Elizabeth George, Gift Norman, Mark Hawley, Luc de Witte
BACKGROUND: Urban slums are characterised by unique challenging living conditions, which increase their inhabitants' vulnerability to specific health conditions. The identification and prioritization of the key health issues occurring in these settings is essential for the development of programmes that aim to enhance the health of local slum communities effectively. As such, the present study sought to identify and prioritise the key health issues occurring in urban slums, with a focus on the perceptions of health professionals and community workers, in the rapidly growing city of Bangalore, India...
March 2, 2018: BMC Public Health
Katie I Gallacher, Ross McQueenie, Barbara Nicholl, Bhautesh D Jani, Duncan Lee, Frances S Mair
Background: Multimorbidity is common in stroke, but the risk factors and effects on mortality remain poorly understood. Objective: To examine multimorbidity and its associations with sociodemographic/lifestyle risk factors and all-cause mortality in UK Biobank participants with stroke or transient ischaemic attack (TIA). Design: Data were obtained from an anonymized community cohort aged 40-72 years. Overall, 42 comorbidities were self-reported by those with stroke or TIA...
2018: Journal of Comorbidity
Randi E Foraker, Avirup Guha, Henry Chang, Emily C O'Brien, Julie K Bower, Elliott D Crouser, Wayne D Rosamond, Subha V Raman
BACKGROUND: Non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI) comprises the majority of MI worldwide, yet mortality remains high. Management of NSTEMI is relatively delayed and heterogeneous compared with the "time is muscle" approach to ST-segment elevation MI, though it is unknown to what extent comorbid conditions drive NSTEMI mortality. OBJECTIVES: We sought to quantify mortality due to MI versus comorbid conditions in patients with NSTEMI. METHODS: Participants of the ARIC (Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities) study cohort ages 45 to 64 years, who developed incident NSTEMI were identified and incidence-density matched to participants who did not experience an MI by age group, sex, race, and study community...
February 3, 2018: Global Heart
Ying Wang, Hong Yang, Mark Nolan, Faraz Pathan, Kazuaki Negishi, Thomas H Marwick
AIMS: Patients with heart failure (HF) risk factors are described as being in Stage A of this condition (SAHF). Management is directed towards prevention of HF progression, but to date, no evidence has been described to align the intensity of this intervention to HF risk. We sought to what extent SAHF of Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and other HF risks showed differences in subclinical left ventricular function, exercise capacity, and prognosis. METHODS AND RESULTS: We recruited 551 elder asymptomatic SAHF patients (age 71 ± 5 years, 49% men, 290 T2DM) with at least one risk factor from a community-based population with preserved ejection fraction...
February 5, 2018: ESC Heart Failure
John Hellerstedt
At the beginning of the 20th century, the major health threats to individual and community health in the United States were infectious diseases, injuries due to unsafe workplaces, diseases due to poor nutrition, and poor maternal and infant health. During the next 100-plus years, tremendous advances were made in longevity and health status. As the impact of certain historically significant diseases decreased, however, the pattern of public/population disease burden became dominated by chronic diseases such as cardiovascular disease, diabetes, asthma, and cancer...
February 1, 2018: Texas Medicine
Ying Wang, Hong Yang, Mark Nolan, John Burgess, Kazuaki Negishi, Thomas H Marwick
BACKGROUND: Depression is a prevalent, independent predictor of mortality in patients with heart failure (HF). Depression is also common in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), which is itself an important risk factor for HF. However, association of depression with incident HF in T2DM is undefined. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the predictive value of depression in predicting incident HF in a community-based cohort of asymptomatic patients with T2DM. METHODS: We prospectively recruited 274 asymptomatic T2DM patients ≥ 65 years (age 71 ± 4 year, 56% men) with preserved EF and no ischemic heart disease from a community-based population...
January 24, 2018: Cardiovascular Diabetology
Rebecca S Crow, Matthew C Lohman, Alexander J Titus, Martha L Bruce, Todd A Mackenzie, Stephen J Bartels, John A Batsis
OBJECTIVES: To determine the relationship between frailty and overall and cardiovascular mortality. DESIGN: Longitudinal mortality analysis. SETTING: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 1999-2004. PARTICIPANTS: Community-dwelling older adults aged 60 and older (N = 4,984; mean age 71.1 ± 0.19, 56% female). MEASUREMENTS: We used data from 1999-2004 cross-sectional NHANES and mortality data from the National Death Index, updated through December 2011...
January 25, 2018: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
Xiao-Jun Ouyang, Yong-Qing Zhang, Ji-Hai Chen, Ting Li, Tian-Tian Lu, Rong-Wen Bian
BACKGROUND: Comprehensive management of diabetes should include management of its comorbid conditions, especially cardiovascular complications, which are the leading cause of morbidity and mortality among patients with diabetes. Dyslipidemia is a comorbid condition of diabetes and a risk factor for cardiovascular complications. Therefore, lipid level management is a key of managing patients with diabetes successfully. However, it is not clear that how well dyslipidemia is managed in patients with diabetes in local Chinese health-care communities...
February 5, 2018: Chinese Medical Journal
Rosaria Di Lorenzo, Jessica Pedretti, Letizia Grossi, Benedetta Cuoghi, Cinzia Varni, Giulia Landi, Ludovica Spattini, Chiara Visentini, Paola Ferri, Francesca Carubbi
Weight gain and related metabolic syndrome (MS) are major current issues in public health. MS consists of abdominal fat, atherogenic dyslipidemia, hypertension, hyperglycemia, insulin resistance, pro-inflammatory and pro-thrombotic state, and accounts for both cardiovascular diseases and type II diabetes mellitus risk factors. Patients affected by psychiatric illness present a prevalence of 35-40% of MS. Many studies have shown that Mediterranean diet is associated with the reduction of mortality due to cardiovascular and malignant diseases, potentially preventing both obesity and type II diabetes mellitus...
March 2018: Preventive Medicine Reports
N C Wright, E R Hooker, C M Nielson, K E Ensrud, S L Harrison, E S Orwoll, E Barrett-Connor
There is limited wrist fracture information on men. Our goal was to calculate frequency and identify risk factors for wrist fracture in the Osteoporotic Fractures in Men (MrOS) study. We confirmed that fracture history and certain medications are predictors, and identified novel predictors including markers of kidney function and physical performance. INTRODUCTION: To calculate the incidence of wrist fractures and their risk factors in older community-dwelling men from the US Osteoporotic Fractures in Men (MrOS) study...
January 17, 2018: Osteoporosis International
Ronit Calderon-Margalit, Michal Cohen-Dadi, Dana Opas, Dena H Jaffe, Jacob Levine, Arie Ben-Yehuda, Ora Paltiel, Orly Manor
BACKGROUND: Israel is one of the few countries that have a national program for quality assessment of community healthcare. We aimed to evaluate whether improved performance in diabetes care was associated with improved health of diabetic patients on a national level. METHODS: We conducted a nationwide ecological study estimating improvements in diabetes-related quality indicators and health outcomes. We estimated both correlations between composite measures of diabetes-related quality indicators and selected outcomes, and assessed through a joinpoint analysis whether trends in selected outcomes changed 4 years after the inception of the national program...
January 17, 2018: Israel Journal of Health Policy Research
G Sesti, R Antonelli Incalzi, E Bonora, A Consoli, A Giaccari, S Maggi, G Paolisso, F Purrello, G Vendemiale, N Ferrara
Type 2 diabetes prevalence is high in older adults and is expected to rise in the next decades. Diabetes in the population of frail older adults is accompanied by functional disability, several comorbidities, and premature mortality. A comprehensive geriatric assessment, including functional, cognitive, mental and social status, is advisable for identifying the glycemic targets and glucose-lowering therapies, focused on patient preferences, needs, and risks. The therapeutic options for older adults with diabetes are like those for the adult population...
December 7, 2017: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
Krishnaveni Viswanathan, P S Rakesh, Shibu Balakrishnan, A Shanavas, Varun Dharman
BACKGROUND: Chronic lung diseases are one of the leading causes of morbidity in developing countries. A community based survey was undertaken with an objective to estimate the prevalence of chronic respiratory diseases and to describe the profile of people with CRDs in the rural area Nilamel health block in Kollam district, Kerala, southern India. METHODS: A household information sheet and a translated respiratory symptom questionnaire based on International Union against Tuberculosis and Lung Disease (IUATLD) bronchial symptoms questionnaire was administered to 12,556 people above 15 years, selected randomly from Nilamel health block...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Tuberculosis
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