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Minimalist Running

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859571/my-heart-made-me-do-it-children-s-essentialist-beliefs-about-heart-transplants
#1
Meredith Meyer, Susan A Gelman, Steven O Roberts, Sarah-Jane Leslie
Psychological essentialism is a folk theory characterized by the belief that a causal internal essence or force gives rise to the common outward behaviors or attributes of a category's members. In two studies, we investigated whether 4- to 7-year-old children evidenced essentialist reasoning about heart transplants by asking them to predict whether trading hearts with an individual would cause them to take on the donor's attributes. Control conditions asked children to consider the effects of trading money with an individual...
November 17, 2016: Cognitive Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834504/redistribution-of-mechanical-work-at-the-knee-and-ankle-joints-during-fast-running-in-minimalist-shoes
#2
Joel T Fuller, Jonathan D Buckley, Margarita D Tsiros, Nicholas A T Brown, Dominic Thewlis
CONTEXT:  Minimalist shoes have been suggested as a way to alter running biomechanics to improve running performance and reduce injuries. However, to date, researchers have only considered the effect of minimalist shoes at slow running speeds. OBJECTIVE:  To determine if runners change foot-strike pattern and alter the distribution of mechanical work at the knee and ankle joints when running at a fast speed in minimalist shoes compared with conventional running shoes...
November 11, 2016: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27762613/effect-of-vibram-fivefingers-minimalist-shoes-on-the-abductor-hallucis-muscle
#3
Nicholas A Campitelli, Scott A Spencer, Kaitlyn Bernhard, Kristen Heard, Alan Kidon
BACKGROUND: This study investigated the effect of Vibram FiveFingers Bikila minimalist shoes on intrinsic foot musculature. We hypothesized that a gradual transition into minimalist shoes will increase the thickness of the abductor hallucis muscle. METHODS: Forty-one individuals were divided into four groups: control (traditional shod) (n = 9), restricted walking in Vibram FiveFingers (n = 11), running in Vibram FiveFingers (n = 10), and unlimited walking in Vibram FiveFingers (n = 11)...
September 2, 2016: Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27692740/strength-training-for-plantar-fasciitis-and-the-intrinsic-foot-musculature-a-systematic-review
#4
Dean Huffer, Wayne Hing, Richard Newton, Mike Clair
The aim was to critically evaluate the literature investigating strength training interventions in the treatment of plantar fasciitis and improving intrinsic foot musculature strength. A search of PubMed, CINHAL, Web of Science, SPORTSDiscus, EBSCO Academic Search Complete and PEDRO using the search terms plantar fasciitis, strength, strengthening, resistance training, intrinsic flexor foot, resistance training. Seven articles met the eligibility criteria. Methodological quality was assessed using the modified Downs and Black checklist...
August 18, 2016: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27684951/response-to-the-letter-to-the-editor-for-article-the-effects-of-a-transition-to-minimalist-shoe-running-on-intrinsic-foot-muscle-size
#5
A W Johnson, J W Myrer, U H Mitchell, I Hunter, S T Ridge
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: International Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27684950/letter-to-the-editor-to-the-article-the-effects-of-a-transition-to-minimalist-shoe-running-on-intrinsic-foot-muscle-size
#6
Steven Robbins
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: International Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27632879/achilles-tendon-adaptation-during-transition-to-a-minimalist-running-style
#7
Michael F Joseph, Katherine Histen, Julia Arntsen, Lauren L'hereux, Carmine Defeo, Derek Lockwood, Todd Scheer, Craig R Denegar
CONTEXT: Achilles tendons adapt to increased loading generated by long-term adoption of a minimalist shoe running style. There may be difference in the chronology and extent of adaptation between the sexes. OBJECTIVE: We sought to learn the chronology of Achilles tendon adaptations in female and male runners who transitioned to a minimalist running style through a planned, progressive, 12-week transition program. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study of well-trained, traditionally shod runners who transitioned to minimalist shoe running...
September 6, 2016: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27632859/achilles-tendon-properties-in-minimalist-and-traditionally-shod-runners
#8
Katherine Histen, Julia Arntsen, Lauren L'Hereux, James Heeren, Benjamin Wicki, Sterling Saint, Giselle Aerni, Craig R Denegar, Michael F Joseph
CONTEXT: Tendon adapts to load through alterations in its composition and mechanical properties. Mechanical adaptation to increased load often involves increases in cross sectional area, stiffness and modulus. Runners exhibit these adaptations. OBJECTIVE: We sought to determine if runners wearing minimalist shoes had larger and stiffer Achilles tendons (AT) compared to traditionally shod runners. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study of well-trained, traditionally and minimally shod runners...
August 24, 2016: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27617658/achilles-tendon-adaptation-during-transition-to-a-minimalist-running-style
#9
Michael F Joseph, Katherine Histen, Julia Arntsen, Lauren L'hereux, Carmine Defeo, Derek Lockwood, Todd Scheer, Craig R Denegar
CONTEXT: Achilles tendons adapt to increased loading generated by long-term adoption of a minimalist shoe running style. There may be difference in the chronology and extent of adaptation between the sexes. OBJECTIVE: We sought to learn the chronology of Achilles tendon adaptations in female and male runners who transitioned to a minimalist running style through a planned, progressive, 12-week transition program. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study of well-trained, traditionally shod runners who transitioned to minimalist shoe running...
September 6, 2016: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27607302/a-new-footwear-technology-to-promote-non-heelstrike-landing-and-enhance-running-performance-fact-or-fad
#10
Janet H Zhang, Aislinn J C McPhail, Winko W An, Waqar M Naqvi, Daniel L H Chan, Ivan P H Au, Alvin T W Luk, Tony L Chen, Roy T H Cheung
This study sought to compare the kinetics and kinematics data in a group of habitual shod runners when running in traditional running shoes and newly designed minimalist shoes with lug platform. This novel footwear design claims to simulate barefoot running and reduce energy loss during impact. We compared footstrike angle (FSA), vertical average (VALR) and instantaneous (VILR) loading rates, energy loss and initial vertical stiffness between two shoe conditions. Runners demonstrated a decreased FSA while running in minimalist shoes with lug platform than traditional shoes (P = 0...
September 8, 2016: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27593384/relationship-between-foot-strike-pattern-running-speed-and-footwear-condition-in-recreational-distance-runners
#11
Roy T H Cheung, Rodney Y L Wong, Tim K W Chung, R T Choi, Wendy W Y Leung, Diana H Y Shek
Compared to competitive runners, recreational runners appear to be more prone to injuries, which have been associated with foot strike patterns. Surprisingly, only few studies had examined the foot strike patterns outside laboratories. Therefore, this study compared the foot strike patterns in recreational runners at outdoor tracks with previously reported data. We also investigated the relationship between foot strike pattern, speed, and footwear in this cohort. Among 434 recreational runners analysed, 89...
September 4, 2016: Sports Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27584186/minimalist-running-shoes-increase-intrinsic-and-extrinsic-foot-muscle-volume-in-habitual-shod-runners-96-board-3-june-1-9-30-am-11-30-am
#12
Roy Th Cheung, Louis K Sze, Tony L Chen, Irene S Davis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27571390/kinetic-changes-during-a-six-week-minimal-footwear-and-gait-retraining-intervention-in-runners
#13
Joe P Warne, Barry P Smyth, John O'C Fagan, Michelle E Hone, Chris Richter, Alan M Nevill, Kieran A Moran, Giles D Warrington
An evaluation of a six-week Combined minimal footwear transition and gait-retraining combination vs. gait retraining only on impact characteristics and leg stiffness. Twenty-four trained male runners were randomly assigned to either (1) Minimalist footwear transition Combined with gait-retraining over a six-week period ("Combined" group; n = 12) examined in both footwear, or (2) a gait-retraining group only with no minimalist footwear exposure ("Control"; n = 12). Participants were assessed for loading rate, impact peak, vertical, knee and ankle stiffness, and foot-strike using 3D and kinetic analysis...
August 29, 2016: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27455100/self-reported-minimalist-running-injury-incidence-and-severity-a-pilot-study
#14
Katrina Ostermann, Lance Ridpath, Jandy B Hanna
INTRODUCTION: Minimalist running entails using shoes with a flexible thin sole and is popular in the United States. Existing literature disagrees over whether minimalist running shoes (MRS) improve perceived severity of injuries associated with running in traditional running shoes (TRS). Additionally, the perceived injury patterns associated with MRS are relatively unknown. OBJECTIVES: To examine whether injury incidence and severity (ie, degree of pain) by body region change after switching to MRS, and to determine if transition times affect injury incidences or severity with MRS...
August 1, 2016: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27445226/achilles-tendon-properties-in-minimalist-and-traditionally-shod-runners
#15
Katherine Histen, Julia Arntsen, Lauren L'Hereux, James Heeren, Benjamin Wicki, Sterling Saint, Giselle Aerni, Craig R Denegar, Michael F Joseph
CONTEXT: Tendon adapts to load through alterations in its composition and mechanical properties. Mechanical adaptation to increased load often involves increases in cross sectional area, stiffness and modulus. Runners exhibit these adaptations. OBJECTIVE: We sought to determine if runners wearing minimalist shoes had larger and stiffer Achilles tendons (AT) compared to traditionally shod runners. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study of well-trained, traditionally and minimally shod runners...
July 21, 2016: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27362213/electromyographical-analysis-of-one-mile-run-in-barefoot-minimalist-zero-drop-and-standard-running-shoes-3847-board-286-june-4-8-00-am-9-30-am
#16
Michael Bohne
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27361005/kinetic-differences-associated-with-minimalist-shoe-and-reduced-stride-length-running-2180-board-332-june-2-2-00-pm-3-30-pm
#17
Colin Firminger, W Brent Edwards
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27360591/stride-frequency-changes-do-not-influence-running-economy-in-minimalist-footwear-or-conventional-running-shoes-1672-board-325-june-2-8-00-am-9-30-am
#18
Joe Warne, Kieran Moran, Giles Warrington
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27328725/effects-of-a-minimalist-shoe-on-running-economy-and-5-km-running-performance
#19
Joel T Fuller, Dominic Thewlis, Margarita D Tsiros, Nicholas A T Brown, Jonathan D Buckley
The purpose of this study was to determine if minimalist shoes improve time trial performance of trained distance runners and if changes in running economy, shoe mass, stride length, stride rate and footfall pattern were related to any difference in performance. Twenty-six trained runners performed three 6-min sub-maximal treadmill runs at 11, 13 and 15 km·h(-1) in minimalist and conventional shoes while running economy, stride length, stride rate and footfall pattern were assessed. They then performed a 5-km time trial...
September 2016: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27195735/effects-of-training-in-minimalist-shoes-on-the-intrinsic-and-extrinsic-foot-muscle-volume
#20
Tony Lin-Wei Chen, Louis K Y Sze, Irene S Davis, Roy T H Cheung
BACKGROUND: Minimalist shoes have gained popularity recently because it is speculated to strengthen the foot muscles and foot arches, which may help to resist injuries. However, previous studies provided limited evidence supporting the link between changes in muscle size and footwear transition. Therefore, this study sought to examine the effects of minimalist shoes on the intrinsic and extrinsic foot muscle volume in habitual shod runners. The relationship between participants' compliance with the minimalist shoes and changes in muscle õvolume was also evaluated...
July 2016: Clinical Biomechanics
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