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Minimalist Running

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916956/transitioning-to-minimal-footwear-a-systematic-review-of-methods-and-future-clinical-recommendations
#1
REVIEW
Joe P Warne, Allison H Gruber
BACKGROUND: Recent interest in barefoot running has led to the development of minimalist running shoes that are popular in distance runners. A careful transition to these shoes has been suggested and examined in the literature. However, no guidelines based on systematic evidence have been presented. The purpose of this review is to systematically examine the methods employed in the literature to transition to minimal footwear (MFW), as well as the outcomes to these studies in distance runners...
September 15, 2017: Sports Medicine—Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768339/habitual-minimalist-shod-running-biomechanics-and-the-acute-response-to-running-barefoot
#2
Nicholas Tam, Ian A J Darragh, Nikhil V Divekar, Robert P Lamberts
The aim of the study was to determine whether habitual minimalist shoe runners present with purported favorable running biomechanithat reduce running injury risk such as initial loading rate. Eighteen minimalist and 16 traditionally cushioned shod runners were assessed when running both in their preferred training shoe and barefoot. Ankle and knee joint kinetics and kinematics, initial rate of loading, and footstrike angle were measured. Sagittal ankle and knee joint stiffness were also calculated. Results of a two-factor ANOVA presented no group difference in initial rate of loading when participants were running either shod or barefoot; however, initial loading rate increased for both groups when running barefoot (p=0...
September 2017: International Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761694/the-effect-of-minimalist-footwear-and-instruction-on-running-an-observational-study
#3
Massimo Giuseppe Barcellona, Linda Buckley, Lisa J M Palmer, Roisin M Ormond, Gwawr Owen, Daniel J Watson, Roger Woledge, Di Newham
BACKGROUND: It is not known whether the effects on altered running style which are attributed to minimalist footwear can be achieved by verbal instructions in standard running shoes (SRS). AIM: To explore the effect of Vibram FiveFingers (VFF) versus SRS plus running instruction on lower extremity spatiotemporal parameters and lower limb joint kinematics. METHODS: 35 healthy subjects (mean=30 years, 18 females) were assessed on two occasions with 3D motion analysis...
2017: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690018/adaptations-of-lumbar-biomechanics-after-four-weeks-of-running-training-with-minimalist-footwear-and-technique-guidance-implications-for-running-related-lower-back-pain
#4
Szu-Ping Lee, Joshua P Bailey, Jo Armour Smith, Stephanie Barton, David Brown, Talia Joyce
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the changes in lumbar kinematic and paraspinal muscle activation before, during, and after a 4-week minimalist running training. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: University research laboratory. PARTICIPANTS: Seventeen habitually shod recreational runners who run 10-50 km per week. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: During stance phases of running, sagittal lumbar kinematics was recorded using an electrogoniometer, and activities of the lumbar paraspinal muscles were assessed by electromyography...
December 2, 2016: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686085/conceptualizing-minimalist-footwear-an-objective-definition
#5
Devon R Coetzee, Yumna Albertus, Nicholas Tam, Ross Tucker
Running has been plagued with an alarmingly high incidence of injury, which has resulted in the exploration of interventions aimed at reducing the risk of running-related injury. One such intervention is the introduction of footwear that mimics barefoot running. These have been termed minimalist shoes. Minimalist footwear aims to reduce the risk of injury by promoting adaptations in running biomechanics that have been linked to a reduction in both impact and joint forces. However, some studies have found that minimalist footwear may be beneficial to the runner as they promote favourable biomechanical adaptations, whilst other studies have found the opposite to be true...
July 7, 2017: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641058/acute-kinematics-changes-in-marathon-runners-using-different-footwear
#6
Tania Socorro Amorim Soares, Camila Fonseca de Oliveira, Federico Pizzuto, Rui Manuel Garganta, João Paulo Vila-Boas, Mario Casimiro da Anunciação Paiva
The effects of running with or without shoes on injury prevention have been extensively studied, and several investigations have assessed biomechanical differences between them. However, findings are not consensual and further insights on biomechanical load associated with differently shod or barefoot conditions may be needed. This study aimed to observe if habitually shod marathon runners show acute alterations when running barefoot or with minimalist shoes, and to determine whether the running kinematical adaptations of wearing minimalist shoes were similar to barefoot running...
June 22, 2017: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483557/six-week-transition-to-minimalist-shoes-improves-running-economy-and-time-trial-performance
#7
Joel T Fuller, Dominic Thewlis, Margarita D Tsiros, Nicholas A T Brown, Jonathan D Buckley
OBJECTIVES: This study investigated if gradually introducing runners to minimalist shoes during training improved running economy and time-trial performance compared to training in conventional shoes. Changes in stride rate, stride length, footfall pattern and ankle plantar-flexor strength were also investigated. DESIGN: Randomised parallel intervention trial. METHODS: 61 trained runners gradually increased the amount of running performed in either minimalist (n=31) or conventional (n=30) shoes during a six-week standardised training program...
April 21, 2017: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417667/immediate-and-short-term-biomechanical-adaptation-of-habitual-barefoot-runners-who-start-shod-running
#8
Ivan P H Au, Fannie O Y Lau, Winko W An, Janet H Zhang, Tony L Chen, Roy T H Cheung
This study investigated the immediate and short-term effects of minimalist shoes (MS) and traditional running shoes (TRS) on vertical loading rates, foot strike pattern and lower limb kinematics in a group of habitual barefoot runners. Twelve habitual barefoot runners were randomly given a pair of MS or TRS and were asked to run with the prescribed shoes for 1 month. Outcome variables were obtained before, immediate after and 1 month after shoe prescription. Average and instantaneous vertical loading rates at the 1-month follow-up were significantly higher than that at the pre-shod session (P < 0...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292715/footwear-characteristics-are-related-to-running-mechanics-in-runners-with-patellofemoral-pain
#9
Jean-Francois Esculier, Blaise Dubois, Laurent J Bouyer, Bradford J McFadyen, Jean-Sébastien Roy
Running footwear is known to influence step rate, foot inclination at foot strike, average vertical loading rate (VLR) and peak patellofemoral joint (PFJ) force. However, the association between the level of minimalism of running shoes and running mechanics, especially with regards to these relevant variables for runners with patellofemoral pain (PFP), has yet to be investigated. The objective of this study was to explore the relationship between the level of minimalism of running shoes and habitual running kinematics and kinetics in runners with PFP...
May 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265506/immediate-effects-of-eva-midsole-resilience-and-upper-shoe-structure-on-running-biomechanics-a-machine-learning-approach
#10
Andrea N Onodera, Wilson P Gavião Neto, Maria Isabel Roveri, Wagner R Oliveira, Isabel Cn Sacco
BACKGROUND: Resilience of midsole material and the upper structure of the shoe are conceptual characteristics that can interfere in running biomechanics patterns. Artificial intelligence techniques can capture features from the entire waveform, adding new perspective for biomechanical analysis. This study tested the influence of shoe midsole resilience and upper structure on running kinematics and kinetics of non-professional runners by using feature selection, information gain, and artificial neural network analysis...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129518/body-mass-and-weekly-training-distance-influence-the-pain-and-injuries-experienced-by-runners-using-minimalist-shoes-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#11
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Joel T Fuller, Dominic Thewlis, Jonathan D Buckley, Nicholas A T Brown, Joseph Hamill, Margarita D Tsiros
BACKGROUND: Minimalist shoes have been popularized as a safe alternative to conventional running shoes. However, a paucity of research is available investigating the longer-term safety of minimalist shoes. PURPOSE: To compare running-related pain and injury between minimalist and conventional shoes in trained runners and to investigate interactions between shoe type, body mass, and weekly training distance. STUDY DESIGN: Randomized clinical trial; Level of evidence, 2...
April 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859571/my-heart-made-me-do-it-children-s-essentialist-beliefs-about-heart-transplants
#12
Meredith Meyer, Susan A Gelman, Steven O Roberts, Sarah-Jane Leslie
Psychological essentialism is a folk theory characterized by the belief that a causal internal essence or force gives rise to the common outward behaviors or attributes of a category's members. In two studies, we investigated whether 4- to 7-year-old children evidenced essentialist reasoning about heart transplants by asking them to predict whether trading hearts with an individual would cause them to take on the donor's attributes. Control conditions asked children to consider the effects of trading money with an individual...
August 2017: Cognitive Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834504/redistribution-of-mechanical-work-at-the-knee-and-ankle-joints-during-fast-running-in-minimalist-shoes
#13
Joel T Fuller, Jonathan D Buckley, Margarita D Tsiros, Nicholas A T Brown, Dominic Thewlis
CONTEXT: Minimalist shoes have been suggested as a way to alter running biomechanics to improve running performance and reduce injuries. However, to date, researchers have only considered the effect of minimalist shoes at slow running speeds. OBJECTIVE: To determine if runners change foot-strike pattern and alter the distribution of mechanical work at the knee and ankle joints when running at a fast speed in minimalist shoes compared with conventional running shoes...
October 2016: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27762613/effect-of-vibram-fivefingers-minimalist-shoes-on-the-abductor-hallucis-muscle
#14
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Nicholas A Campitelli, Scott A Spencer, Kaitlyn Bernhard, Kristen Heard, Alan Kidon
BACKGROUND: This study investigated the effect of Vibram FiveFingers Bikila minimalist shoes on intrinsic foot musculature. We hypothesized that a gradual transition into minimalist shoes will increase the thickness of the abductor hallucis muscle. METHODS: Forty-one individuals were divided into four groups: control (traditional shod) (n = 9), restricted walking in Vibram FiveFingers (n = 11), running in Vibram FiveFingers (n = 10), and unlimited walking in Vibram FiveFingers (n = 11)...
September 2, 2016: Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27692740/strength-training-for-plantar-fasciitis-and-the-intrinsic-foot-musculature-a-systematic-review
#15
REVIEW
Dean Huffer, Wayne Hing, Richard Newton, Mike Clair
The aim was to critically evaluate the literature investigating strength training interventions in the treatment of plantar fasciitis and improving intrinsic foot musculature strength. A search of PubMed, CINHAL, Web of Science, SPORTSDiscus, EBSCO Academic Search Complete and PEDRO using the search terms plantar fasciitis, strength, strengthening, resistance training, intrinsic flexor foot, resistance training. Seven articles met the eligibility criteria. Methodological quality was assessed using the modified Downs and Black checklist...
March 2017: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27684951/response-to-the-letter-to-the-editor-for-article-the-effects-of-a-transition-to-minimalist-shoe-running-on-intrinsic-foot-muscle-size
#16
A W Johnson, J W Myrer, U H Mitchell, I Hunter, S T Ridge
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: International Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27684950/letter-to-the-editor-to-the-article-the-effects-of-a-transition-to-minimalist-shoe-running-on-intrinsic-foot-muscle-size
#17
Steven Robbins
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: International Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27632879/achilles-tendon-adaptation-during-transition-to-a-minimalist-running-style
#18
Michael F Joseph, Katherine Histen, Julia Arntsen, Lauren L'hereux, Carmine Defeo, Derek Lockwood, Todd Scheer, Craig R Denegar
CONTEXT: Achilles tendons adapt to increased loading generated by long-term adoption of a minimalist shoe running style. There may be difference in the chronology and extent of adaptation between the sexes. OBJECTIVE: We sought to learn the chronology of Achilles tendon adaptations in female and male runners who transitioned to a minimalist running style through a planned, progressive, 12-week transition program. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study of well-trained, traditionally shod runners who transitioned to minimalist shoe running...
September 6, 2016: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27632859/achilles-tendon-properties-in-minimalist-and-traditionally-shod-runners
#19
Katherine Histen, Julia Arntsen, Lauren L'Hereux, James Heeren, Benjamin Wicki, Sterling Saint, Giselle Aerni, Craig R Denegar, Michael F Joseph
CONTEXT: Tendon adapts to load through alterations in its composition and mechanical properties. Mechanical adaptation to increased load often involves increases in cross sectional area, stiffness and modulus. Runners exhibit these adaptations. OBJECTIVE: We sought to determine if runners wearing minimalist shoes had larger and stiffer Achilles tendons (AT) compared to traditionally shod runners. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study of well-trained, traditionally and minimally shod runners...
August 24, 2016: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27617658/achilles-tendon-adaptation-during-transition-to-a-minimalist-running-style
#20
Michael F Joseph, Katherine Histen, Julia Arntsen, Lauren L'hereux, Carmine Defeo, Derek Lockwood, Todd Scheer, Craig R Denegar
CONTEXT: Achilles tendons adapt to increased loading generated by long-term adoption of a minimalist shoe running style. There may be difference in the chronology and extent of adaptation between the sexes. OBJECTIVE: We sought to learn the chronology of Achilles tendon adaptations in female and male runners who transitioned to a minimalist running style through a planned, progressive, 12-week transition program. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study of well-trained, traditionally shod runners who transitioned to minimalist shoe running...
September 6, 2016: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
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