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Aileen Wk Chan, Doris Sf Yu, K C Choi, Diana Tf Lee, Janet Wh Sit, Helen Yl Chan
PURPOSE: Age-related cognitivee decline is a growing public health concern worldwide. More than a quarter of adults with cognitive impairment experience sleep disturbance. The objective of this pilot study was to evaluate the preliminary effects of tai chi qigong (TCQ) on improving the night-time sleep quality of older adults with cognitive impairment. PARTICIPANTS: Older adults with cognitive impairment who complain of sleep disturbance. METHODS: A randomized controlled trial with two groups...
2016: Clinical Interventions in Aging
Jennifer McQuade, Sarah Prinsloo, David Z Chang, Amy Spelman, Qi Wei, Karen Basen-Engquist, Carol Harrison, Zonghao Zhang, Debra Kuban, Andrew Lee, Lorenzo Cohen
OBJECTIVES: Sleep disturbances and fatigue are common in prostate cancer patients undergoing radiotherapy. Prior research suggests mind-body techniques may improve these outcomes. We conducted a randomized-controlled trial of qigong/tai chi (QGTC) in men with prostate cancer undergoing radiotherapy. METHODS: Men with prostate cancer starting definitive radiation were randomized to one of three groups: (1) QGTC; (2) light exercise (LE); or (3) wait list control (WLC)...
August 22, 2016: Psycho-oncology
Linda Larkey, Jennifer Huberty, Maja Pedersen, Karen Weihs
INTRODUCTION: Breast cancer survivors (BCSs) often report fatigue that persists for years following treatment. Despite a growing body of evidence for meditative movement practices to improve symptoms among BCSs, few studies have explored using Qigong/Tai Chi to reduce fatigue. Additionally, few have examined the biological mechanisms through which fatigue may be reduced using Qigong/Tai Chi. METHODS/STUDY DESIGN: We will recruit 250 fatigued, post-menopausal women diagnosed with breast cancer (stage 0-III), between 6months and 5years past primary treatment and randomize to a standardized Qigong/Tai Chi Easy (QG/TCE) intervention, a "sham" Qigong group (movements without a focus on the breath and meditative state) (SQG), or an educational support (ES) group...
September 2016: Contemporary Clinical Trials
Min Zhang, Guihua Xv, Caifeng Luo, DiJuan Meng, Yan Ji
PURPOSE: The purpose of this pilot study was to examine the effect of a Chinese traditional exercise program, Qigong Yi Jinjing (QYJJ), on patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). METHODS: One hundred and thirty eligible COPD patients were randomly divided into three groups: the QYJJ group (n = 42), the self-management exercise group (n = 43), and the control group (n = 45). Data were collected and analyzed at baseline and again at one, three, and six months...
October 2016: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
Mei-Ling Yeh, Yu-Chu Chung
PURPOSE: This study aimed to evaluate the effects of Chan-Chuang qigong exercise in non-Hodgkin's lymphoma patients who were undergoing chemotherapy on fatigue intensity and sleep quality. METHODS: The study was a single-centre, controlled randomized study. One hundred and eight subjects were randomly assigned to the qigong group (n = 54) or control group (n = 54). The qigong group received Chan-Chuang qigong exercise 20-min twice daily for 21 days in the course of the chemotherapy treatment, whereas the control group without special exercise intervention...
August 2016: European Journal of Oncology Nursing: the Official Journal of European Oncology Nursing Society
Lewis Mehl-Madrona, Barbara Mainguy, Julie Plummer
BACKGROUND: Opiates are no longer considered the best strategy for the long-term management of chronic pain. Yet, physicians have made many patients dependent on them, and these patients still request treatment. Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) therapies have been shown to be effective, but are not widely available and are not often covered by insurance or available to the medically underserved. METHODS: Group medical visits (GMVs) provided education about non-pharmacological methods for pain management and taught mindfulness techniques, movement, guided imagery, relaxation training, yoga, qigong, and t'ai chi...
August 2016: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
Christine Holmberg, Zubin Farahani, Claudia M Witt
Background. The high prevalence of chronic neck pain in high income countries impacts quality of life and the social and work-related activities of those afflicted. We aimed to understand how mind-body therapies and exercise therapy may influence the experience of pain among patients with chronic neck pain. Methods. This qualitative interview study investigated how patients with chronic neck pain experienced the effects of exercise or qigong therapy at two time points: during an intervention at three months and after the intervention at six months...
2016: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
Shuji Suzuki, Azusa Uematsu, Takashi Shimazaki, Hirofumi Kobayashi, Madoka Nakamura, Tibor Hortobagyi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
Mei-Ying Chang, Hsiao-Yu Chen
Aging causes various changes in body composition, which are critical implications for health and physical functioning in aging adults. The aim of this study was to explore the body composition outcomes of a qigong intervention among community-dwelling aging adults. This was a quasi-experimental study in which 90 participants were recruited. Forty-eight participants (experimental group) attended a 30-min qigong program 3 times per week for 12 weeks, whereas 42 participants (control group) continued performing their usual daily activities...
June 21, 2016: Western Journal of Nursing Research
A R Gross, J P Paquin, G Dupont, S Blanchette, P Lalonde, T Cristie, N Graham, T M Kay, S J Burnie, G Gelley, C H Goldsmith, M Forget, P L Santaguida, A J Yee, G G Radisic, J L Hoving, G Bronfort
BACKGROUND: Neck pain (NP) is disabling and costly. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effectiveness of exercise on pain, disability, function, patient satisfaction, quality of life (QoL) and global perceived effect (GPE) in adults with NP. METHODS: We searched computerised databases up to May 2014 for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing exercise to a control in adults with NP with/without cervicogenic headache (CGH) or radiculopathy. Two reviewers independently conducted selection, data abstraction and assessed risk of bias...
August 2016: Manual Therapy
Shuai Mao, Xiaoxuan Zhang, Biying Shao, Xiyan Hu, Yanan Hu, Winny Li, Liheng Guo, Minzhou Zhang
BACKGROUND: Left ventricular (LV) remodeling following myocardial infarction (MI) is an established prognostic factor for adverse cardiovascular events and the leading cause of heart failure. Empirical observations have suggested that Baduanjin exercise, an important component of traditional Chinese Qigong, may exert potential benefits on cardiopulmonary function. However, the impact of a Baduanjin exercise-based cardiac rehabilitation program for patients recovering from a recent MI has yet to be assessed...
June 2016: Cardiovascular Drugs and Therapy
Guohua Zheng, Maomao Huang, Shuzhen Li, Moyi Li, Rui Xia, Wenji Zhou, Jing Tao, Lidian Chen
INTRODUCTION: Mild cognitive impairment (MCI) is an intermediate stage between the cognitive changes of normal aging and dementia characterised by a reduction in memory and/or other cognitive processes. An increasing number of studies have indicated that regular physical activity/exercise may have beneficial association with cognitive function of older adults with or without cognitive impairment. As a traditional Chinese Qigong exercise, Baduanjin may be even more beneficial in promoting cognitive ability in older adults with MCI, but the evidence is still insufficient...
2016: BMJ Open
Karen M Goldstein, Jennifer R McDuffie, Megan Shepherd-Banigan, Deanna Befus, Remy R Coeytaux, Megan G Van Noord, Adam P Goode, Varsha Masilamani, Soheir Adam, Avishek Nagi, John W Williams
BACKGROUND: Vasomotor symptoms such as hot flashes and night sweats are a common concern of perimenopausal and postmenopausal women and are associated with a decreased quality of life. These symptoms can be effectively managed with hormone therapy, but safety concerns limit its use. Thus, understanding the effectiveness of nonpharmacologic therapies such as acupuncture or yoga is critical to managing these common symptoms in older women. Our review seeks to address the following question: In women with menopause-associated vasomotor symptoms, what are the effects on health-related quality of life, vasomotor symptoms, and adverse events of the following nonpharmacologic, nonherbal interventions as compared with any inactive control or active comparator: (a) acupuncture, (b) yoga, tai chi, and qigong, (c) structured exercise, and (d) meditation, mindfulness-based practices, and relaxation? METHODS: We describe a protocol for an umbrella review approach, supplemented by evaluating randomized controlled trials (RCTs) published after the most recent good-quality systematic review for each of the eligible interventions...
2016: Systematic Reviews
Michael Teut, Judith Knilli, Dorothea Daus, Stephanie Roll, Claudia M Witt
UNLABELLED: The aim of this study was to assess the effectiveness of the reduction of chronic lower back pain in older adults using either yoga classes or qigong classes compared with no intervention. Older adults (65 years of age and older) with chronic low back pain were enrolled in and randomly allocated to: 1) yoga (24 classes, 45 minutes each, during 3 months), 2) qigong (12 classes, 90 minutes each, during 3 months), or 3) a control group who received no additional intervention...
July 2016: Journal of Pain: Official Journal of the American Pain Society
P J Klein, Roger Schneider, C J Rhoads
PURPOSE: This review (a) assesses the strength of evidence addressing Qigong therapy in supportive cancer care and (b) provides insights for definition of effective Qigong therapy in supportive cancer care. METHODS: This mixed-methods study includes (a) a systematic review of randomized clinical trials (RCTs) following PRISMA guidelines and (b) a constant-comparative qualitative analysis of effective intervention protocols. RESULTS: Eleven published randomized clinical trials were reviewed...
July 2016: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
Sarah Eisenhardt, Johannes Fleckenstein
Climacteric syndrome refers to recurring symptoms such as hot flashes, chills, headache, irritability and depression. This is usually experienced by menopausal women and can be related to a hormonal reorganization in the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal axis. In Traditional Chinese Medicine, originating 1000s of years ago, above-mentioned symptoms can be interpreted on the basis of the philosophic diagnostic concepts, such as the imbalance of Yin and Yang, the Zang-Fu and Basic substances (e.g. Qi, Blood and Essence)...
July 2016: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
Anne Marie Reb, Nancy Seaby Saum, Deborah Ann Murphy, Sara Todd Breckenridge-Sproat, Xiaogang Su, Jill Ellen Bormann
BACKGROUND: Wounded, ill, and injured (WII) Military Service members experience significant stress and are at risk for developing chronic conditions including posttraumatic stress disorder and depression. Qigong, a meditative movement practice, may positively affect their ability to engage in successful rehabilitation. PURPOSE: We assessed the feasibility of Qigong practice in WII Service members returning from combat; effects on stress, sleep, and somatic symptoms; satisfaction; and participants' experience with the practice...
March 27, 2016: Journal of Holistic Nursing: Official Journal of the American Holistic Nurses' Association
Pierre Côté, Jessica J Wong, Deborah Sutton, Heather M Shearer, Silvano Mior, Kristi Randhawa, Arthur Ameis, Linda J Carroll, Margareta Nordin, Hainan Yu, Gail M Lindsay, Danielle Southerst, Sharanya Varatharajan, Craig Jacobs, Maja Stupar, Anne Taylor-Vaisey, Gabrielle van der Velde, Douglas P Gross, Robert J Brison, Mike Paulden, Carlo Ammendolia, J David Cassidy, Patrick Loisel, Shawn Marshall, Richard N Bohay, John Stapleton, Michel Lacerte, Murray Krahn, Roger Salhany
PURPOSE: To develop an evidence-based guideline for the management of grades I-III neck pain and associated disorders (NAD). METHODS: This guideline is based on recent systematic reviews of high-quality studies. A multidisciplinary expert panel considered the evidence of effectiveness, safety, cost-effectiveness, societal and ethical values, and patient experiences (obtained from qualitative research) when formulating recommendations. Target audience includes clinicians; target population is adults with grades I-III NAD <6 months duration...
July 2016: European Spine Journal
Romy Lauche, Peter M Wayne, Gustav Dobos, Holger Cramer
OBJECTIVE: This study examined the prevalence, patterns, and predictors of t'ai chi and qigong use in the U.S. general population. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey. METHODS: Data from the 2012 National Health Interview Survey (n = 34,525). Weighted frequencies were used to analyze lifetime and 12-month prevalence and patterns of use. Independent predictors of practice were analyzed by using logistic regression models. Analyzes were conducted in 2015...
April 2016: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
Tyvin A Rich, Robert Pfister, John Alton, David Gerdt, Martin Baruch
Introduction. Athletes who develop an immunosuppressed state because of intensive training get upper respiratory infections (URIs) and may respond to meditation. Reflective exercise (RE), a westernized form of Qigong, combines meditation, breathing, and targeted mental attention to an internal pulsatile sensation, previously shown to protect varsity swimmers from URIs during the height of training. We report here the evaluation of cardiovascular parameters measured during meditation combined with targeted imagery (interoception) in a cohort of varsity swimmers taught RE...
2016: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
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