Read by QxMD icon Read


Liat Korn, Noa Ben-Ami, Michal Azmon, Ofira Einstein, Meir Lotan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 19, 2017: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
Ahmed Aliyu, Ishaq Kariim, Saka Ambali Abdulkareem
The dependency of adsorption behaviour on the aspect ratio of multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) has been explored. In this study, effect of growth temperature on yield and aspect ratio of MWCNTs by catalytic chemical vapour deposition (CCVD) method is reported. The result revealed that yield and aspect ratio of synthesised MWCNTs strongly depend on the growth temperature during CCVD operation. The resulting MWCNTs were characterized by High Resolution Transmission Electron Microscope (HRTEM), Dynamic Light Scattering (DLS) and X-ray diffraction (XRD) techniques to determine it diameter, hydrodynamic diameter and crystallinity respectively...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
R Jayaprakash, F G Kalaitzakis, G Christmann, K Tsagaraki, M Hocevar, B Gayral, E Monroy, N T Pelekanos
Polariton lasers are coherent light sources based on the condensation of exciton-polaritons in semiconductor microcavities, which occurs either in the kinetic or thermodynamic (Bose-Einstein) regime. Besides their fundamental interest, polariton lasers have the potential of extremely low operating thresholds. Here, we demonstrate ultra-low threshold polariton lasing at room temperature, using an all-dielectric, GaN membrane-based microcavity, with a spontaneously-formed zero-dimensional trap. The microcavity is fabricated using an innovative method, which involves photo-electrochemical etching of an InGaN sacrificial layer and allows for the incorporation of optimally-grown GaN active quantum wells inside a cavity with atomically-smooth surfaces...
July 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
Andrea Sacchetti
In this paper we show that in the semiclassical regime of periodic potential large enough, the Stark-Wannier ladders become a dense energy spectrum because of a cascade of bifurcations while increasing the ratio between the effective nonlinearity strength and the tilt of the external field; this fact is associated to a transition from regular to quantum chaotic dynamics. The sequence of bifurcation points is explicitly given.
June 2017: Physical Review. E
W S Dias, D Bertrand, M L Lyra
Recent experimental progress on the realization of quantum systems with highly controllable long-range interactions has impelled the study of quantum phase transitions in low-dimensional systems with power-law couplings. Long-range couplings mimic higher-dimensional effects in several physical contexts. Here, we provide the exact relation between the spectral dimension d at the band bottom and the exponent α that tunes the range of power-law hoppings of a one-dimensional ideal lattice Bose gas. We also develop a finite-size scaling analysis to obtain some relevant critical exponents and the critical temperature of the BEC transition...
June 2017: Physical Review. E
Arghya Das, Anupam Kundu, Punyabrata Pradhan
We derive hydrodynamics of paradigmatic conserved-mass transport processes on a ring. The systems, governed by chipping, diffusion, and coalescence of masses, eventually reach a nonequilibrium steady state, having nontrivial correlations, with steady-state measures in most cases not known. In these processes, we analytically calculate two transport coefficients, bulk-diffusion coefficient and conductivity. Remarkably, the two transport coefficients obey an equilibrium-like Einstein relation even when the microscopic dynamics violates detailed balance and systems are far from equilibrium...
June 2017: Physical Review. E
Houria Triki, K Porsezian, Amitava Choudhuri
A nonlinear Schrödinger equation that includes two terms with power-law nonlinearity and external potential modulated both on time and on the spatial coordinates is considered. The model appears in various branches of contemporary physics, especially in the case of lower values of the nonlinearity power. A significant generalization of the similarity transformations approach to construct explicit localized solutions for the model with arbitrary power-law nonlinearities is introduced. We obtain the exact analytical bright and kink soliton solutions of the governing equation for different nonlinearities and potentials that are of particular interest in applications to Bose-Einstein condensates and nonlinear optics...
June 2017: Physical Review. E
Davide Novella, Benjamin Jacobsen, Peter K Weber, James A Tyburczy, Frederick J Ryerson, Wyatt L Du Frane
Nominally anhydrous minerals formed deep in the mantle and transported to the Earth's surface contain tens to hundreds of ppm wt H2O, providing evidence for the presence of dissolved water in the Earth's interior. Even at these low concentrations, H2O greatly affects the physico-chemical properties of mantle materials, governing planetary dynamics and evolution. The diffusion of hydrogen (H) controls the transport of H2O in the Earth's upper mantle, but is not fully understood for olivine ((Mg, Fe)2SiO4) the most abundant mineral in this region...
July 13, 2017: Scientific Reports
Emmanuel Guillaud, Laurent Joly, Dominique de Ligny, Samy Merabia
Glass formers exhibit a viscoelastic behavior: at the laboratory time scale, they behave like (glassy) solids at low temperatures and like liquids at high temperatures. Based on this observation, elastic models relate the long time supercooled dynamics to short time elastic properties of the supercooled liquid. In the present work, we assess the validity of elastic models for the shear viscosity and the α-relaxation time of supercooled water, using molecular dynamics simulations with the TIP4P/2005f force field over a wide range of temperatures...
July 7, 2017: Journal of Chemical Physics
Sang Won Seo, Bumsuk Ko, Joon Hyun Kim, Y Shin
In a two-dimensional (2D) classical fluid, a large-scale flow structure emerges out of turbulence, which is known as the inverse energy cascade where energy flows from small to large length scales. An interesting question is whether this phenomenon can occur in a superfluid, which is inviscid and irrotational by nature. Atomic Bose-Einstein condensates (BECs) of highly oblate geometry provide an experimental venue for studying 2D superfluid turbulence, but their full investigation has been hindered due to a lack of the circulation sign information of individual quantum vortices in a turbulent sample...
July 4, 2017: Scientific Reports
Mikkel Bandak, Niels Jørgensen, Anders Juul, Jakob Lauritsen, Michael Kreiberg, Peter Sandor Oturai, Jørn Wulff Helge, Gedske Daugaard
BACKGROUND: Elevated serum levels of luteinizing hormone and slightly decreased serum levels of testosterone (mild Leydig cell insufficiency) is a common hormonal disturbance in testicular cancer (TC) survivors. A number of studies have shown that low serum levels of testosterone is associated with low grade inflammation and increased risk of metabolic syndrome. However, so far, no studies have evaluated whether testosterone substitution improves metabolic dysfunction in TC survivors with mild Leydig cell insufficiency...
July 3, 2017: BMC Cancer
Julie M Jiang, Elizabeth K Seng, Molly E Zimmerman, Martin Sliwinski, Mimi Kim, Richard B Lipton
BACKGROUND: The Perceived Stress Scale (PSS) is made up of two subscales but is typically used as a single summary measure. However, research has shown that the two subscales may have differential properties in older adults. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the internal consistency, test-retest reliability, and the concurrent and predictive validity for development of amnestic mild cognitive impairment (aMCI) of the positively-worded (PSS-PW) and negatively-worded (PSS-NW) subscale scores of the PSS in older adults...
June 28, 2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
S S Hodgman, R I Khakimov, R J Lewis-Swan, A G Truscott, K V Kheruntsyan
In quantum many-body theory, all physical observables are described in terms of correlation functions between particle creation or annihilation operators. Measurement of such correlation functions can therefore be regarded as an operational solution to the quantum many-body problem. Here, we demonstrate this paradigm by measuring multiparticle momentum correlations up to third order between ultracold helium atoms in an s-wave scattering halo of colliding Bose-Einstein condensates, using a quantum many-body momentum microscope...
June 16, 2017: Physical Review Letters
Christine G Kohn, Gregory J Fermann, W Frank Peacock, Phil S Wells, Christopher W Baugh, Veronica Ashton, Concetta Crivera, Jeff R Schein, Peter Wildgoose, Craig I Coleman
BACKGROUND: In the EINSTEIN-Pulmonary Embolism (PE) trial, subjects randomized to rivaroxaban versus enoxaparin bridging to vitamin K antagonist (VKA) therapy experienced a reduced index hospital length of stay (LOS). We sought to conduct a systematic review of real-world studies comparing LOS, costs and early outcomes among patients treated with rivaroxaban or parenterally bridged VKA in routine practice. METHODS: We searched Medline and Scopus from 1 January 2011 to 30 November 2016 to identify observational studies comparing acute PE patients anticoagulated with rivaroxaban or parenterally bridged VKA and reporting data on index hospital LOS, costs and/or early post-PE outcomes...
July 17, 2017: Current Medical Research and Opinion
V V Novikov, A V Matovnikov, N V Mitroshenkov, B I Kornev, K S Pilipenko, M S Likhanov, A V Shevelkov
Temperature changes of the heat capacity and unit cell parameters of Sn24P19.4Br8 clathrate were experimentally determined in the temperature range of 2 to 300 K. The data obtained were analyzed using Debye-Einstein approximation and taking into account the impact of both disorder in the host matrix and the presence of vacancies in the framework. Anomalous negative contribution to the thermal expansion was revealed and related to the defect mode influence on the clathrate thermal properties as a result of vibrations of two-level systems (TLS)...
July 18, 2017: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
L Hollberg, E H Cornell, A Abdelrahmann
Atomic clocks based on laser-cooled atoms have made tremendous advances in both accuracy and stability. However, advanced clocks have not found their way into widespread use because there has been little need for such high performance in real-world/commercial applications. The drive in the commercial world favours smaller, lower-power, more robust compact atomic clocks that function well in real-world non-laboratory environments. Although the high-performance atomic frequency references are useful to test Einstein's special relativity more precisely, there are not compelling scientific arguments to expect a breakdown in special relativity...
August 6, 2017: Philosophical Transactions. Series A, Mathematical, Physical, and Engineering Sciences
Marcela Prado Silva, Arlen Mabel Lastre-Acosta, Simón Mostafa, Garrett McKay, Karl G Linden, Fernando L Rosario-Ortiz, Antonio Carlos Silva Costa Teixeira
Singlet oxygen ((1)O2), hydroxyl radicals ((•)OH), and excited triplet states of organic matter ((3)OM(*)) play a key role in the degradation of pollutants in aquatic environments. The formation rates and quantum yields (Φ) of these reactive intermediates (RI) through photosensitized reactions of dissolved organic matter (DOM) have been reported in the literature for decades. Urban biowaste-derived substances (UW-BOS), a form of organic matter derived from vegetative and urban waste, have recently been shown to be efficient sensitizers in the photo-degradation of different contaminants...
June 23, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Alok A Khorana, Jeffrey S Berger, Philip S Wells, Roger Seheult, Veronica Ashton, François Laliberté, Concetta Crivera, Dominique Lejeune, Jeff Schein, Peter Wildgoose, Patrick Lefebvre, Scott Kaatz
PURPOSE: The EINSTEIN-Extension trial showed that an extended rivaroxaban treatment significantly reduced the risk for venous thromboembolic (VTE) recurrence. The present study assessed the risk for VTE recurrence and major bleeding associated with extended rivaroxaban treatment in a clinical practice setting among patients with VTE. METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted using claims data from February 2011 to April 2015. It included adult patients who initiated rivaroxaban therapy within 7 days after their first VTE and who continuously used rivaroxaban for at least 3 months (index date: end of initial 3-month treatment)...
June 20, 2017: Clinical Therapeutics
Henriette Elvang, Callum R T Jones, Stephen G Naculich
Extensions of the photon and graviton soft theorems are derived in 4D local effective field theories with massless particles of arbitrary spin. We prove that effective operators can result in new terms in the soft theorems at subleading order for photons and subsubleading order for gravitons. The new soft terms are unique, and we provide a complete classification of all local operators responsible for such modifications. We show that no local operators can modify the subleading soft graviton theorem. The soft limits are taken in a manifestly on-locus manner using a complex double deformation of the external momenta...
June 9, 2017: Physical Review Letters
G Spagnolli, G Semeghini, L Masi, G Ferioli, A Trenkwalder, S Coop, M Landini, L Pezzè, G Modugno, M Inguscio, A Smerzi, M Fattori
We explore the interplay between tunneling and interatomic interactions in the dynamics of a bosonic Josephson junction. We tune the scattering length of an atomic ^{39}K Bose-Einstein condensate confined in a double-well trap to investigate regimes inaccessible to other superconducting or superfluid systems. In the limit of small-amplitude oscillations, we study the transition from Rabi to plasma oscillations by crossing over from attractive to repulsive interatomic interactions. We observe a critical slowing down in the oscillation frequency by increasing the strength of an attractive interaction up to the point of a quantum phase transition...
June 9, 2017: Physical Review Letters
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"