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placental abruption

Satoko Kinomoto-Kondo, Nagayoshi Umehara, Shiori Sato, Kohei Ogawa, Takeo Fujiwara, Naoko Arata, Haruhiko Sago
PURPOSE: To study the effects of gestational transient thyrotoxicosis (GTT) on pregnancy outcomes. METHODS: This case-control study retrospectively analyzed 7976 women with singleton pregnancies whose thyroid function was measured before 16 weeks of gestation and who delivered at ≥22 weeks of pregnancy. GTT was defined as hyperthyroidism (free thyroxine [FT4] level: ≥95th percentile) in the early pregnancy, which normalized in mid-pregnancy without thyroid-stimulating hormone receptor antibodies...
October 20, 2016: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
Linling Zhu, Yu Zhang, Yifeng Liu, Runjv Zhang, Yiqing Wu, Yun Huang, Feng Liu, Meigen Li, Saijun Sun, Lanfeng Xing, Yimin Zhu, Yiyi Chen, Li Xu, Liangbi Zhou, Hefeng Huang, Dan Zhang
This study was carried out to explore associations between assisted reproductive technology (ART) and maternal and neonatal outcomes compared with similar outcomes following spontaneously conceived births. We conducted a retrospective cohort study of pregnancies conceived by ART (N = 2641) during 2006-2014 compared to naturally conceived pregnancies (N = 5282) after matching for maternal age and birth year. Pregnancy complications, perinatal complications and neonatal outcomes of enrolled subjects were investigated and analysed by multivariate logistic regression...
October 20, 2016: Scientific Reports
Courtney Stanley Sundin, Lauren Bradham Mazac
Amniotic fluid embolism (AFE) is a rare but serious and potentially deadly complication of pregnancy that is unpreventable and unpredictable. Most AFE events occur during labor; however, approximately one third happen during the immediate postpartum period. Presentation is abrupt and thought to be an abnormal response to fetal materials entering maternal circulation through the placental insertion site. Care providers must recognize the signs and symptoms of AFE and react quickly in effort to treat potential complications...
October 13, 2016: MCN. the American Journal of Maternal Child Nursing
Rebecca S Usadi, Kathryn S Merriam
The incidence of subclinical hypothyroidism (SCH) in pregnancy was classically thought to be low; however, with new definition of normal TSH range in pregnancy, there has been an increase in the percentage of women who meet classification for SCH. The diagnosis of SCH is important not only for monitoring for maternal conversion to overt hypothyroidism, but also for identifying obstetric and neonatal outcomes related to SCH. Although there have been proven associations between maternal overt hypothyroidism and adverse obstetric and neonatal outcomes, there has been conflicting data on the correlation between SCH and these outcomes...
October 17, 2016: Seminars in Reproductive Medicine
Bassam Haddad, Norbert Winer, Yvon Chitrit, Véronique Houfflin-Debarge, Céline Chauleur, Karine Bages, Vassilis Tsatsaris, Alexandra Benachi, Florence Bretelle, Jean-Christophe Gris, Sylvie Bastuji-Garin
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether daily enoxaparin, added to low-dose aspirin, started before 14 weeks of gestation reduces placenta-mediated complications in pregnant women with previous severe preeclampsia diagnosed before 34 weeks of gestation. METHODS: In this open-label multicenter randomized trial, we enrolled consenting pregnant women with previous severe preeclampsia diagnosed before 34 weeks of gestation, gestational age at randomization of 7-13 weeks, singleton pregnancy, and no plan for anticoagulation...
October 6, 2016: Obstetrics and Gynecology
Marc A Rodger, Jean-Christophe Gris, Johanna I P de Vries, Ida Martinelli, Évelyne Rey, Ekkehard Schleussner, Saskia Middeldorp, Risto Kaaja, Nicole J Langlois, Timothy Ramsay, Ranjeeta Mallick, Shannon M Bates, Carolien N H Abheiden, Annalisa Perna, David Petroff, Paulien de Jong, Marion E van Hoorn, P Dick Bezemer, Alain D Mayhew
BACKGROUND: Placenta-mediated pregnancy complications include pre-eclampsia, late pregnancy loss, placental abruption, and birth of a small-for-gestational-age (SGA) neonate. These complications are leading causes of maternal, fetal, and neonatal morbidity and mortality in high-income countries. Affected women are at high risk of recurrence in subsequent pregnancies; however, effective strategies to prevent recurrence are absent. Findings from our previous study-level meta-analysis suggested that low-molecular-weight heparin reduced the risk of recurrent placenta-mediated pregnancy complications...
October 6, 2016: Lancet
R L Goldenberg, J B Griffin, B D Kamath-Rayne, M Harrison, D J Rouse, K Moran, B Hepler, A H Jobe, E M McClure
OBJECTIVE: Stillbirths are among the most common adverse pregnancy outcomes, with 98% occurring in low-income countries. More than one-third occur in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). However, the medical conditions causing stillbirths and interventions to reduce stillbirths from these conditions are not well documented. We estimated the reductions in stillbirths possible with combinations of interventions. DESIGN: We developed a computerised model to estimate the impact of various interventions on stillbirths caused by the most common conditions...
October 5, 2016: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Nissim Arbib, Eran Hadar, Orly Sneh-Arbib, Rony Chen, Arnon Wiznitzer, Rinat Gabbay-Benziv
PURPOSE: Maternal thyroid gland dysfunction may adversely affect pregnancy outcome. We aimed to examine the association between subclinical thyroid dysfunction, both hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism, to adverse pregnancy outcome. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective cohort study of all women with an available first trimester thyroid function testing and known pregnancy outcome, categorized to subclinical hypothyroidism, or hyperthyroidism and evaluated for complication during gestation and delivery...
October 17, 2016: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
Armando Iannicello, Kirill Alekseyev, Thomas Hordt, Marc Ross
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
Shayna N Conner, Victoria Bedell, Kim Lipsey, George A Macones, Alison G Cahill, Methodius G Tuuli
OBJECTIVE: To estimate whether marijuana use in pregnancy increases risks for adverse neonatal outcomes and clarify if any increased risk is attributable to marijuana use itself or to confounding factors such as tobacco use. DATA SOURCES: Two authors performed a search of the data through August 2015 utilizing PubMed, Embase, Scopus, Cochrane reviews,, and Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health. METHODS OF STUDY SELECTION: We looked at observational studies that compared rates of prespecified adverse neonatal outcomes in women who used marijuana during pregnancy with women who did not...
October 2016: Obstetrics and Gynecology
Karl Kristensen, Fali Langdana, Howard Clentworth, Chu Hansby, Paul Dalley
We present a case of the successful treatment of severe amniotic fluid embolism in a 41-year-old woman undergoing emergency caesarean section at 36 weeks of gestation for placental abruption and intrauterine fetal demise. The treatment included prolonged cardiopulmonary resuscitation, emergency hysterectomy, re-operation with intra-abdominal packing and intra-aortic balloon pump insertion. The patient made a remarkable recovery and to date has minimal residual morbidity. Amniotic fluid embolism syndrome (AFES) is a rare and often fatal obstetric condition that remains one of the main causes of maternal mortality in developed countries...
2016: New Zealand Medical Journal
Tariq Aljared, Jean-Pierre Farmer, Donatella Tampieri
We present a case of a preterm boy (born at 35 weeks of pregnancy) who was delivered urgently by a caesarean section due to placental abruption. The baby was found to have a tense fontanelle leading to imaging that showed a 5.5 cm right intraventricular mass centred in the atrium, hydrocephalus and extensive surrounding vasogenic oedema. The mass was avidly enhancing with a few large associated vessels suggesting high vascularity. The condition of the baby was acutely deteriorating. He had multiple seizures followed by persistent low level of consciousness in the third day of life...
September 7, 2016: Interventional Neuroradiology
Tai-Ho Hung, T'sang-T'ang Hsieh
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the associations between maternal pregestational body mass index (BMI), gestational weight gain (GWG), and adverse pregnancy outcomes among Taiwanese women. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was conducted among all singletons without fetal anomalies delivered to women at Taipei Chang Gung Memorial Hospital between 2009 and 2015. Two study cohorts were selected for analysis: all deliveries after 24 0/7 weeks of gestation (Cohort 1, n=12,064) and all live births after 37 0/7 weeks of gestation excluding maternal overt diabetes mellitus and chronic hypertension (Cohort 2, n=10,973)...
August 2016: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology
E Latif, S Adam, B Rungruang, A Al-Hendy, M P Diamond, E Rotem, J Cannell, P C Browne
Uterine artery embolization (UAE) is typically not indicated in the pre-operative management of pregnancies with a live fetus, because risk of fetal death from reduced uteroplacental blood flow. However, pre-operative UAE in pregnancies with a fetal demise poses no fetal risk, and may offer maternal benefits. Patients with placental abruption resulting in fetal demise are at high-risk for developing disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC), which could have devastating complications such as peri-operative hemorrhage and death...
September 16, 2016: Journal of Neonatal-perinatal Medicine
Mia Kibel, Jon Barrett, Carly Tward, Alex Pittini, Michael Kahn, Nir Melamed
OBJECTIVE: To compare the characteristics of preterm premature rupture of membranes (PPROM) between twin and singleton pregnancies. METHODS: This was a retrospective study of all women with twin and singleton pregnancies admitted with PPROM between 24-34 weeks of gestation. RESULTS: Overall 698 women with PPROM were eligible for the study: 101 (14.5%) twins and 597 (85.5%) singletons. Twins presented with PPROM at a more advanced gestational age compared with singletons (29...
August 22, 2016: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
Candace A Robledo, Edwina H Yeung, Pauline Mendola, Rajeshwari Sundaram, Nansi S Boghossian, Erin M Bell, Charlotte Druschel
Objectives We sought to examine whether there are systematic differences in ascertainment of preexisting maternal medical conditions and pregnancy complications from three common data sources used in epidemiologic research. Methods Diabetes mellitus, chronic hypertension, gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), gestational hypertensive disorders (GHD), placental abruption and premature rupture of membranes (PROM) among 4821 pregnancies were identified via birth certificates, maternal self-report at approximately 4 months postpartum and by discharge codes from the Statewide Planning and Research Cooperative System (SPARCS), a mandatory New York State hospital reporting system...
August 22, 2016: Maternal and Child Health Journal
Ayaka Kawabe, Yasushi Takai, Jun-Ichi Tamaru, Kouki Samejima, Hiroyuki Seki
BACKGROUND: There is concern about the development of anemia-associated fetal hydrops associated with maternal parvovirus B19 infection. Parvovirus B19 infection occurs via the globoside (P antigen) receptor, the main glycolipid of erythroid cells, which induces apoptosis. Similar findings have been reported for the P antigen of globoside-containing placental trophoblast cells. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 32-year-old woman was infected with human parvovirus B19 at week 32 of pregnancy, and had severe anemia at week 34...
2016: SpringerPlus
Shunji Suzuki, Hiroki Shinmura
BACKGROUND: In 2012, the recommendation for immediate contact and visit to obstetric institutions by pregnant women was emphasized by The Japan Obstetric Compensation System for Cerebral Palsy (JOCSC). In this study, we examined whether or not the increased awareness has led to the improvement of perinatal outcomes of placental abruption managed at private clinics. METHODS: We reviewed the obstetric records of 38 singleton pregnant women complicated by placental abruption that developed at home, and were managed at private clinics from April 2008 through April 2016...
September 2016: Journal of Clinical Medicine Research
Tammy Kopelman, James Bogert, Jarvis Walters, Daniel Gridley, Oscar Guzman, Karole Davis, Paola Pieri, Sydney Vail, Melissa Pressman
BACKGROUND: Computed tomography (CT) has been validated to identify and classify placental abruption following blunt trauma. The purpose of this study was to demonstrate improvement in fetal survival when delivery occurs by protocol at the first sign of class III fetal heart rate tracing (FHT) in pregnant trauma patients with a viable fetus on arrival and CT evidence of ≤ 50% placental perfusion secondary to placental abruption. METHODS: This is a retrospective review of pregnant trauma patients ≥ 26 weeks gestation who underwent abdominopelvic CT as part of their initial evaluation...
August 16, 2016: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
Roy Kessous, Ilana Shoham-Vardi, Gali Parientel, Eyal Sheiner
In recent years there is a significant increase in the rate of the metabolic syndrome. Correspondingly, and possibly due to this increase, there is a significant increase in cardiovascular events in women. Contradictory to the concept that obstetric complication is limited to pregnancy, some obstetric complications may cause or seemingly provide a preliminary sign for future maternal morbidity. In recent years there have been an increasing number of studies that examined the theory that vascular-related complications of pregnancy may be associated with increased risk for future maternal cardiovascular morbidity...
May 2016: Harefuah
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