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placental abruption

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527266/-risk-factors-associated-with-the-development-of-perinatal-asphyxia-in-neonates-at-the-hospital-universitario-del-valle-cali-colombia-2010-2011
#1
Javier Torres-Muñoz, Christian Rojas, Diana Mendoza-Urbano, Darly Marín-Cuero, Sandra Orobio, Carlos Echandía
INTRODUCTION: Perinatal asphyxia is one of the main causes of perinatal mortality and morbidity worldwide and it generates high costs for health systems; however, it has modifiable risk factors. OBJECTIVE: To identify the risk factors associated with the development of perinatal asphyxia in newborns at Hospital Universitario del Valle, Cali, Colombia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Incident cases and concurrent controls were examined. Cases were defined as newborns with moderate to severe perinatal asphyxia who were older than or equal to 36 weeks of gestational age, needed advanced resuscitation and presented one of the following: early neurological disorders, multi-organ commitment or a sentinel event...
April 1, 2017: Biomédica: Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501274/impact-of-fetal-growth-on-pregnancy-outcomes-in-women-with-severe-preeclampsia
#2
Ebony B Carter, Shayna N Conner, Alison G Cahill, Roxane Rampersad, George A Macones, Methodius G Tuuli
OBJECTIVE: To estimate whether pregnancy outcomes in women with severe preeclampsia (sPE) with small for gestational age (SGA) fetuses differ from those with sPE without SGA or isolated SGA. STUDY DESIGN: We conducted a retrospective cohort study of consecutive non-anomalous, livebirths in a single tertiary care institution from 2004 to 2008. We compared pregnancy outcomes in women who had sPE with SGA (birthweight<10th percentile), and sPE without SGA to those with isolated SGA as reference...
April 2017: Pregnancy Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487021/increased-risk-of-placental-abruption-after-solomon-laser-treatment-of-twin-twin-transfusion-syndrome
#3
M M Lanna, S Faiola, D Consonni, M A Rustico
To evaluate the relative risk of placental abruption in monochorionic (MC) twin pregnancies complicated with twin-to-twin transfusion syndrome (TTTS) and treated with endoscopic laser coagulation of placental vessels (ELCPV). A retrospective analysis from January 2004 and December 2015 of 373 TTTS pregnancies, treated with selective ELCPV until January 2012 (287 cases), after which the Solomon technique was introduced (86 cases), compared with 243 normal MC pregnancies. A significant improvement in perinatal survival was observed after the introduction of the Solomon technique when compared to the selective procedure (77% vs 54%, p < 0...
May 2017: Placenta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486373/medical-and-obstetric-complications-among-pregnant-women-with-liver-cirrhosis
#4
Anna Palatnik, Mary E Rinella
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate clinical characteristics and obstetric outcomes in pregnant women with liver cirrhosis. METHODS: This was a retrospective matched cohort study of women with liver cirrhosis between January 2005 and January 2016 in a university hospital. Women in a case group were matched to women in a control group according to year of delivery, age, body mass index, and parity in a 1:4 ratio. Bivariable and multivariable analyses were performed to compare the prevalence of the primary composite outcome, which included any one of the following: fetal or neonatal demise, placental abruption, preeclampsia, preterm delivery at less than 37 weeks of gestation, and small-for-gestational age neonate between women in the case group and those in the control group...
May 5, 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484667/racial-ethnic-disparities-in-postpartum-hemorrhage-in-native-hawaiians-pacific-islanders-and-asians
#5
Scott A Harvey, Eunjung Lim, Krupa R Gandhi, Jill Miyamura, Kazuma Nakagawa
The objective of this study was to assess racial-ethnic differences in the prevalence of postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) among Native Hawaiians and other Pacific Islanders (NHOPI), Asians, and Whites. We performed a retrospective study on statewide inpatient data for delivery hospitalizations in Hawai'i between January 1995 and December 2013. A total of 243,693 in-hospital delivery discharges (35.0% NHOPI, 44.0% Asian, and 21.0% White) were studied. Among patients with PPH, there were more NHOPI (37.1%) and Asians (47...
May 2017: Hawai'i Journal of Medicine & Public Health: a Journal of Asia Pacific Medicine & Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471130/non-puerperal-uterine-inversion-due-to-submucous-myoma-in-a-woman-a-case-report
#6
Ayse Kirbas, Korkut Daglar, Ozgur Kara, Ayhan Sucak, Turhan Caglar
Uterine leiomyomas are the most common benign tumor of the female reproductive tract. Their incidence during pregnancy is approximately 2 percent and they are associated with some complications such as preterm labor, placental abruption, fetal malpresentation, obstructed labor, cesarean delivery, and postpartum hemorrhage. They may develop anywhere within the muscular wall of the uterus, including submucosal, intramural, or subserosal areas. Some of the submucous myomas may be pedunculated and eventually may protrude through the cervical canal to the vagina...
July 2016: Journal of Experimental Therapeutics & Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462606/perinatal-outcome-in-pregnancy-with-polyhydramnios-in-comparison-with-normal-pregnancy-in-department-of-obstetrics-at-shiraz-university-of-medical-sciences
#7
Nasrin Asadi, Azadeh Khalili, Zahra Zarei, Arsalan Azimi, Maryam Kasraeian, Leila Forouginia, Ali Reza Salehi, Reza Ravanbod, Sarah Davoodi, Homeira Vafaei
OBJECTIVE: Polyhydraminos can lead to maternal and fetal complication during pregnancy, so diagnosis and management can decrease some perinatal complications. STUDY DESIGN: 114 singleton pregnancies were diagnosed with idiopathic polyhydramnios in the department of obstetrics at Shiraz University of Medical Sciencesbetween January 2000 and January 2011 were compared with 114 normal pregnancies for their perinatal outcome. Variables include birth weight, admission toneonatal intensive care unit (NICU), meconium staining, respiratory distress, fetal death,neonatal death,low 1 minute and 5minute APGAR score, primary cesarean section(C/S), preterm delivery (<37 weeks),postpartum bleeding and placental abruption...
May 2, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28454701/expression-profiling-of-maternal-plasma-and-placenta-micrornas-in-preeclamptic-pregnancies-by-microarray-technology
#8
Tuba Gunel, Mohammad Kazem Hosseini, Ece Gumusoglu, Halil Ibrahim Kisakesen, Ali Benian, Kilic Aydinli
Preeclampsia (PE) is one of the leading causes of maternal and fetal morbidity and mortality, occurring usually in the second half of pregnancy and affecting approximately 5-8% of pregnancies in the world. miRNAs play critical role in the regulation of placental development processes. We aimed to determine specific novel miRNAs for early diagnosis of preeclampsia which is one of the most dangerous pregnancy diseases. In this study 72 samples, maternal age 22 ≤ and ≤36, have been analyzed; maternal plasma and placental miRNAs were isolated from 18 severe preeclampsia (sPE) patients and 18 controls, respectively...
April 2017: Placenta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439745/core-curriculum-case-illustration-placental-abruption
#9
Shaimaa Abdelhassib Fadl, Ahmed Said Sabry, Muhammad Mubashir Ramzan, Ken F Linnau
This is the 33rd installment of a series that will highlight one case per publication issue from the bank of cases available online as part of the American Society of Emergency Radiology (ASER) educational resources. Our goal is to generate more interest in and use of our online materials. To view more cases online, please visit the ASER Core Curriculum and Recommendations for Study online at: http://www.erad.org/page/CCIP_TOC .
April 24, 2017: Emergency Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437461/comparison-of-risk-factors-and-outcomes-of-gestational-hypertension-and-pre-eclampsia
#10
Minxue Shen, Graeme N Smith, Marc Rodger, Ruth Rennicks White, Mark C Walker, Shi Wu Wen
BACKGROUND: It remains an enigma whether gestational hypertension (GH) and pre-eclampsia (PE) are distinct entities or different spectrum of the same disease. We aimed to compare the risk factors and outcomes between GH and PE. METHOD: A total of 7,633 pregnant women recruited between 12 and 20 weeks of gestation in the Ottawa and Kingston Birth Cohort from 2002 to 2009 were included in the analysis. Cox proportional hazards model was used to identify and compare the risk factors for GH and PE by treating gestational age at delivery as the survival time...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427857/vitrified-warmed-single-embryo-transfers-may-be-associated-with-increased-maternal-complications-compared-with-fresh-single-embryo-transfers
#11
Tal Shavit, Galia Oron, Son Weon-Young, Hananel Holzer, Togas Tulandi
Cryopreservation of embryos allows single-embryo transfer and storage of supernumerary embryos, maximizing cumulative pregnancy rates. The purpose of this retrospective cohort study was to compare pregnancy outcome in singletons born after fresh or vitrified-warmed single blastocyst transfer (SBT). Singleton live births resulting from SBT of fresh or vitrified-warmed embryos were compared. Primary outcomes were perinatal outcomes including small for gestational age (SGA), low birthweight, preterm deliveries (PTD), large for gestational age (LGA) and congenital malformations...
April 6, 2017: Reproductive Biomedicine Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412674/analysis-of-relevant-risk-factors-for-intrauterine-death-of-fetuses-in-the-third-trimester-of-pregnancy
#12
Yang Qiong, Yuan Yichong
Our study aimed to explore the relevant risk factors for intrauterine death of fetuses in the third trimester of pregnancy via a retrospective analysis. Then, 98 pregnant women with intrauterine death of fetuses in the third trimester of pregnancy were enrolled, who had undergone the induced labor of dead fetuses in our hospital from January, 2013 to January, 2015. By taking their disease conditions into considerations, methods of induced labor as softening of cervix with dinoprostone suppositories and amniotic infusion of ethacridine or oxytocin were performed, and the timely cesarean section for termination of pregnancy was performed...
November 2016: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407219/multiple-micronutrient-supplementation-for-women-during-pregnancy
#13
REVIEW
Batool A Haider, Zulfiqar A Bhutta
BACKGROUND: Multiple-micronutrient (MMN) deficiencies often coexist among women of reproductive age in low- to middle-income countries. They are exacerbated in pregnancy due to the increased demands, leading to potentially adverse effects on the mother and developing fetus. Though supplementation with MMNs has been recommended earlier because of the evidence of impact on pregnancy outcomes, a consensus is yet to be reached regarding the replacement of iron and folic acid supplementation with MMNs...
April 13, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396921/mri-findings-of-chronic-abruption-oligohydramnios-sequence-caos-report-of-three-cases
#14
Yasuhisa Kurata, Aki Kido, Sachiko Minamiguchi, Eiji Kondoh, Kaori Togashi
Chronic abruption-oligohydramnios sequence (CAOS), characterized by chronic vaginal hemorrhage and oligohydramnios, is a rare clinical condition of pregnancy. Because CAOS is associated with preterm delivery and lung injury to the infant, it is a major clinical concern. This report describes three CAOS cases which presented characteristic MRI findings reflecting CAOS pathological mechanisms and pathological findings. First, in all cases, the placenta detached from the uterus at the peripheral portion of the placenta because of placental marginal hematoma...
April 10, 2017: Abdominal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395602/trauma-in-pregnancy-obstetrical-outcome-in-a-tertiary-centre-in-the-netherlands
#15
B J van der Knoop, I A Zonnenberg, V M Otten, M M van Weissenbruch, J I P de Vries
PURPOSE: To determine obstetrical outcome and predictive value of obstetrical symptoms and diagnostic examinations on adverse outcome after maternal trauma in pregnancy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective study in a Dutch tertiary medical center, including women admitted for trauma in pregnancy between 1995 and 2005 and infants born from these pregnancies. Characteristics at trauma (type of trauma, severity) and obstetrical outcome were recorded, as well as prevalence and severity of trauma; prevalence of obstetrical symptoms and abnormal diagnostic examinations...
April 11, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395283/predictive-value-of-second-trimester-biomarkers-and-maternal-features-for-adverse-pregnancy-outcomes
#16
Enav Yefet, Olga Kuzmin, Naama Schwartz, Flora Basson, Zohar Nachum
OBJECTIVE: To establish the predictive probability for placenta-associated morbidities using second-trimester α-fetoprotein (AFP), human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG), and maternal features. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A retrospective database of all singleton deliveries with available second-trimester HCG and AFP results from 2005 to 2012 was built and divided into 0, 1, or 2 elevated markers (defined as ≥2 multiples of the median [MoM]). For each group, we analyzed the risk for adverse obstetric outcome - comprising preeclampsia, placental abruption, and birth weight below the 10th percentile - and the time of delivery in those pregnancies...
April 11, 2017: Fetal Diagnosis and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379911/treatment-of-pregnant-patients-with-orthopaedic-trauma
#17
Nirmal Tejwani, Kevin Klifto, Christopher Looze, Christopher Scott Klifto
Fracture management in pregnant patients is challenging. Anatomic and physiologic changes in pregnancy increase the complexity of treatment. Maternal trauma increases the risk of fetal loss, preterm birth, placental abruption, cesarean delivery, and maternal death. Initial resuscitation and treatment in a facility equipped to handle the orthopaedic injury and preterm births are paramount. Pelvic and acetabular injuries are potentially life threatening. The benefits and risks of surgical treatment must be carefully considered...
May 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28370793/vaginal-delivery-after-placental-abruption-with-intrauterine-fetal-death-a-20-year-single-center-experience
#18
Ayami Inoue, Eiji Kondoh, Koh Suginami, Shingo Io, Yoshitsugu Chigusa, Ikuo Konishi
AIM: The aim of this study was to elucidate the feasibility and safety of vaginal delivery (VD) when placental abruption causes fetal demise. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective study of women who were managed for placental abruption with intrauterine fetal death at Kyoto University Hospital during the period from 1995 to 2015. RESULTS: Sixteen cases were identified during the study period. VD was attempted in 15 cases and was accomplished in 14 (93...
March 28, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367651/outcomes-in-an-obstetrical-population-with-hereditary-thrombophilia-and-high-tobacco-use
#19
Byron Calhoun, Elizabeth Hoover, Dara Seybold, Mike Broce, Ashley Hill, Burk Shaible, Luis A Bracero
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine birth outcomes in women treated or untreated for thrombophilia during pregnancies affected or not by tobacco exposure. METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study of consecutive women from a single maternal fetal medicine clinic who delivered between January 2009 and December 2013. We compared birth outcomes by four groups of thrombophilia and smoking combinations and then by treated or untreated groups. RESULTS: Of the 8889 pregnant women in this study, 113 had thrombophilia and 97 received treatment...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28355654/experience-of-point-of-care-devices-in-obstetrical-care
#20
Ove Karlsson
During pregnancy and puerperium, there are pronounced hemostatic changes characterized by increased coagulability and decreased fibrinolysis. In addition, hemostasis can change dramatically during obstetric complications. Several reports have described substandard management of hemostatic defects in this setting and state the need for guidelines and better care. Point-of-care devices can assess hemostatic status and are especially suitable in perioperative settings. Using point-of-care devices, no time is required for transportation, allowing faster availability of results and providing potential for better care of the patient...
March 29, 2017: Seminars in Thrombosis and Hemostasis
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