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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099713/systematic-review-of-obstetric-care-from-a-women-centered-perspective-in-nigeria-since-2000
#1
REVIEW
Atsumi Hirose, Oluwatoyin Owolabi, Mari Imamura, Friday Okonofua, Julia Hussein
BACKGROUND: A women-centered approach can improve the quality of patient care. OBJECTIVE: To review issues in the provision of obstetric care from a patient-centered care perspective in Nigeria. SEARCH STRATEGY: Using terms related to maternal and perinatal mortality, in combination with "Nigeria", MEDLINE, Embase, CINAHL, Web of Knowledge, and African Journal Online were searched, between December 1, 2013 and January 31, 2014, for articles in any language...
January 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099708/association-between-previous-spontaneous-abortion-and-pre-eclampsia-during-a-subsequent-pregnancy
#2
Mahdi Sepidarkish, Amir Almasi-Hashiani, Saman Maroufizadeh, Samira Vesali, Reihaneh Pirjani, Reza O Samani
OBJECTIVE: To determine the impact of a history of spontaneous abortion on pre-eclampsia during a subsequent pregnancy. METHODS: A cross-sectional study enrolled pregnant women admitted to obstetrics and gynecology wards at 103 hospitals in Tehran, Iran for delivery between July 6 and July 21, 2015. Consenting participants were interviewed by midwives; data were collected using a five-part questionnaire and patients' medical records were retrieved. Patient data were analyzed by multiple logistic regression to identify variables associated with increased odds of pre-eclampsia...
January 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099695/low-maternal-pregnancy-associated-plasma-protein-a-during-the-first-trimester-of-pregnancy-and-pregnancy-outcomes
#3
Marja Kaijomaa, Leena Rahkonen, Veli-Matti Ulander, Esa Hämäläinen, Henrik Alfthan, Helene Markkanen, Seppo Heinonen, Vedran Stefanovic
OBJECTIVE: To assess the association between pregnancy-associated placental protein A (PAPP-A) levels in the first trimester of pregnancy and adverse pregnancy outcomes. METHOD: A retrospective study included data from a group of patients in the first trimester of pregnancy with PAPP-A levels below 0.3 multiples of median who attended the Helsinki University Hospital, Finland, between January 1, 2009 and December 31, 2012; an age-matched control group of patients with PAPP-A levels 0...
January 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099679/clinical-outcomes-for-couples-containing-a-reciprocal-chromosome-translocation-carrier-without-preimplantation-genetic-diagnosis
#4
Biao Yin, Yuanchang Zhu, Tonghua Wu, Shuqiu Shen, Yong Zeng, Desheng Liang
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the pregnancy outcomes of couples containing a carrier of a reciprocal chromosome translocation (RCT) after assisted reproductive technology without preimplantation genetic diagnosis. METHODS: A retrospective study was performed using data for couples with an RCT carrier and control couples with a normal karyotype (1:4 ratio) who underwent assisted reproductive technology cycles at a Chinese fertility center in 2010-2011. The embryos were fertilized via in vitro fertilization (IVF) or intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI)...
November 15, 2016: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095855/meet-us-on-the-phone-mobile-phone-programs-for-adolescent-sexual-and-reproductive-health-in-low-to-middle-income-countries
#5
REVIEW
Nicole B Ippoliti, Kelly L'Engle
INTRODUCTION: mHealth as a technical area has seen increasing interest and promise from both developed and developing countries. While published research from higher income countries on mHealth solutions for adolescent sexual and reproductive health (SRH) is growing, there is much less documentation of SRH mHealth interventions for youth living in resource-poor settings. We conducted a global landscape analysis to answer the following research question: How are programs using mHealth interventions to improve adolescent SRH in low to middle income countries (LMICs)? METHODS: To obtain the latest information about mHealth programs targeting youth SRH, a global call for project resources was issued in 2014...
January 17, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090230/epidemiology-of-pregnancy-associated-icu-utilization-in-texas-2001-2010
#6
Lavi Oud
BACKGROUND: ICU admission is uncommon among obstetric patients. Nevertheless, the epidemiology of ICU utilization is considered to be a useful proxy for study of severe maternal morbidity and near-miss events. However, there is paucity of population-level studies in obstetric patients in the United States. METHODS: The Texas Inpatient Public Use Data File and state-based reports were used to identify pregnancy-associated hospitalizations and those involving admission to ICU (n = 158,410) for the years 2001 - 2010...
February 2017: Journal of Clinical Medicine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065221/meta-analysis-of-aspirin-heparin-therapy-for-un-explained-recurrent-miscarriage
#7
Tong Ling, Wei Xian-Jiang
Objective This study was designed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of aspirin-heparin treatment for un-explained recurrent spontaneous abortion (URSA). Methods Literatures reporting the studies on the aspirin-heparin treatment of un-explained recurrent miscarriage with randomized controlled trials (RCTs) were collected from the major publication databases. The live birth rate was used as primary indicator, preterm delivery, preeclampsia, intrauterine growth restriction, and adverse reactions (thrombocytopenia ) were used as the secondary indicators...
November 20, 2016: Chinese Medical Sciences Journal, Chung-kuo i Hsüeh K'o Hsüeh Tsa Chih
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057127/-prevalence-and-associated-factors-of-female-urinary-incontinence-in-hebei-province
#8
Y Jiang, L Yan, F D Du, P T Zheng, L Zhang, L Jiang, X H Huang
Objective: To estimate the prevalence and associated factors of adult female urinary incontinence in Hebei province. Methods: Stratified and multistage sampling method was used, between January 2016 to May 2016, to investigate the target population in Hebei province. While, logistic regression was used to analyse datas. Results: A population-based survey was conducted in 2 450 women in Hebei province, there were 2 408 effective questionnaires after deleting 48 invalid questionnaires. According to the results, the average age of subjects was (56±15) years old, and the urinary incontinence prevalence of adult female in Hebei province was 27...
December 25, 2016: Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28055996/-syncope-electrocardiogram-and-autonomic-function-tests
#9
William Uribe, Adrián Baranchuk, Federico Botero
Syncope represents one of the most frequent reasons for consultation in the emergency department. A proper identification will allow a precise etiologic approach and the optimization of delivery of health resources.
Once knowing the classification of syncope; it is the clinical interrogatory what enables to discriminate which of these patients present with a neurogenic mediated syncope or a cardiac mediated syncope. The use of diagnostic methods such as the tilt test, will clarify what type of neurally mediated syncope predominates in the patient...
December 23, 2016: Medwave
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033536/cohort-study-of-the-incidence-of-spontaneous-preterm-birth-and-septic-abortion-referred-by-pathological-examination-in-gifu-prefecture-in-japan
#10
Yuichiro Takahashi, Shigenori Iwagaki, Mitsuaki Itoh, Hiromi Nakamura, Kazuo Kuwabara, Yuka Hiraku, Masashi Hori, Ryo Misao, Tatsuro Furui, Kenichiro Morishige
AIMS: To clarify the incidence of spontaneous preterm birth (PB) and septic abortion (sab) in Gifu prefecture in Japan. STUDY DESIGN: This prospective, population-based cohort study was approved by our hospital's Institutional Review Board. All 36 hospitals (100%) in Gifu prefecture offering obstetrical services participated in the study. Patient enrollment criteria were: sab and PB from 22 to <37weeks gestation (WG), excluding for maternal and fetal indications...
December 26, 2016: Early Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029269/vaginal-birth-after-caesarean-delivery-in-chinese-women-and-western-immigrants-in-shanghai
#11
Anne-Frederique Minsart, Hau Liu, Shannon Moffett, Crystal Chen, Ninni Ji
Recent studies show a steep rise in caesarean sections in China. Most couples are now eligible to apply for a second child. This retrospective cohort study compares the prevalence of trial of labour and vaginal birth after caesarean section among Chinese and foreign women in Shanghai. In total, 135 of 368 women underwent trial of labour (36.68%), and of those, 77 (57.04%) had a vaginal birth. After inclusion in a multivariate model, factors associated with trial of labour were maternal age <35 years with an adjusted odds ratio of 2...
December 28, 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028526/investigation-of-the-relationship-between-idiopathic-microscopic-hematuria-in-the-first-and-second-trimesters-and-major-adverse-outcomes-of-pregnancy
#12
Azar Danesh Shahraki, Mahboobeh Esteki Bardeh, Mohammad Reza Najarzadegan
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between idiopathic microscopic hematuria (in the first and second trimesters) and major adverse outcomes of pregnancy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Urinalysis was done for 700 pregnant women before 24 weeks of pregnancy. Those who had 3-5 red blood cells per milliliter in urinalysis were considered positive urinalysis. Then, all individuals were examined for blood pressure and other alarm signs of pregnancy complications in each visit...
2016: Advanced Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018578/dystrophic-mineralization-of-the-arterial-fibrovascular-tissue-associated-with-a-vitamin-d-hypervitaminosis-in-an-8-year-old-female-alpaca-vicugna-pacos
#13
Alexander Tavella, Annalisa Stefani, Claudia Zanardello, Astrid Bettini, Matthias Gauly, Patrik Zanolari
BACKGROUND: Prophylactic Vitamin D supplementation is a common practice in Alpaca breeding in many regions around the world. An overdosage can lead to dystrophic mineralization of soft tissues. In this paper we illustrate a suspected case of hypervitaminosis D in an 8-year-old female Alpaca. CASE PRESENTATION: In June 2015, the carcass of an 8-year-old female Alpaca (Vicugna pacos) was submitted to the diagnostic laboratory of the Istituto Zooprofilattico Sperimentale delle Venezie (IZSVe) for necropsy...
2016: Irish Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004170/uterine-artery-embolization-for-retained-products-of-conception-with-marked-vascularity-a-safe-and-efficient-first-line-treatment
#14
Paul Bazeries, Francine Paisant-Thouveny, Sultan Yahya, Antoine Bouvier, Cosmina Nedelcu, Francoise Boussion, Loic Sentilhes, Serge Willoteaux, Christophe Aubé
OBJECTIVE: To report our clinical practice regarding a case series of retained products of conception (RPOC) with marked vascularity (MV) managed with selective uterine artery embolization (UAE) as first-line treatment. METHODS: This was a monocentric, retrospective study of 31 consecutive cases of RPOC with MV diagnosed by Doppler ultrasound in the context of postpartum/postabortal bleeding. The primary outcome was the absence of rebleeding following embolization...
December 21, 2016: Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002847/pyometra-and-pregnancy-with-herlyn-werner-wunderlich-syndrome
#15
Maria Inês Reis, Ana Patrícia Vicente, Joana Cominho, Andrea Sousa Gomes, Luísa Martins, Filomena Nunes
We describe a Herlyn-Werner-Wunderlich syndrome (HWWS) patient with previous history of infertility who got pregnant without treatment and presented a pyometra in the contralateral uterus throughout the gestational period, despite multiple antibiotic treatments. Due to the uterus' congenital anomaly and the possibility of ascending infection with subsequent abortion, this pregnancy was classified as high-risk. We believe that the partial horizontal septum in the vagina may have contributed to the closure of the gravid uterus cervix, thus ensuring that the pregnancy came to term, with an uneventful vaginal delivery...
December 21, 2016: Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999824/perinatal-outcome-in-assisted-reproductive-pregnancies-comparative-analysis-of-reduced-versus-unreduced-gestation
#16
Shilpa Bhandari, Pallavi Agrawal, Ishita Ganguly, Aparna Singh, Nitika Gupta
Objectives. This study aims to evaluate perinatal outcomes such as gestational age at delivery and live birth rate in singleton and twin gestation with or without fetal reduction. Method. A retrospective analysis was done on patients which were divided into reduced and unreduced groups on the basis of order of reduction of one or more fetuses between 6 and 13 weeks of gestation. Patients records were studied to note gestational age at delivery/abortion, birth weight, and neonatal outcome. Result. The cohort included a total of 292 patients: 102 singletons and 190 twins...
2016: International Journal of Reproductive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27998308/semilobar-holoprosencephaly-in-a-12-month-old-baby-boy-born-to-a-primigravida-patient-with-type-1-diabetes-mellitus-a-case-report
#17
Pedro Pallangyo, Frederick Lyimo, Paulina Nicholaus, Hilda Makungu, Maria Mtolera, Isaac Mawenya
BACKGROUND: Holoprosencephaly is a rare spectrum of cephalic disorders resulting from a failure or incomplete division of the embryonic forebrain into distinct cerebral hemispheres. It is the most common brain malformation with an incidence of 1:250 during embryogenesis; however, owing to the associated high rates of spontaneous abortion the incidence is 1:16,000 among live deliveries. Pathogenesis of holoprosencephaly is complex and heterogeneous involving genetic abnormalities, teratogenic exposures, and syndromic associations...
December 20, 2016: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997654/association-between-the-birth-of-an-infant-with-major-congenital-anomalies-and-subsequent-risk-of-mortality-in-their-mothers
#18
Eyal Cohen, Erzsébet Horváth-Puhó, Joel G Ray, Lars Pedersen, Nancy Adler, Anne Gulbech Ording, Paul H Wise, Arnold Milstein, Henrik Toft Sørensen
Importance: Giving birth to a child with a major birth defect is a serious life event for a woman, yet little is known about the long-term health consequences for the mother. Objective: To assess whether birth of an infant born with a major congenital anomaly was associated with higher maternal risk of mortality. Design, Setting, and Participants: This population-based cohort study (n = 455 250 women) used individual-level linked Danish registry data for mothers who gave birth to an infant with a major congenital anomaly (41 508) between 1979 and 2010, with follow-up until December 31, 2014...
20, 2016: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27988883/surveillance-of-adverse-events-after-seasonal-influenza-vaccination-in-pregnant-women-and-their-infants-in-the-vaccine-adverse-event-reporting-system-july-2010-may-2016
#19
Pedro Moro, Jane Baumblatt, Paige Lewis, Janet Cragan, Naomi Tepper, Maria Cano
INTRODUCTION: Routine immunization of pregnant women with seasonal inactivated influenza vaccines (IIVs) is recommended in all trimesters of pregnancy. A review of the Vaccine Adverse Event Reporting System (VAERS) during 1990-2009 did not find any unexpected patterns of pregnancy complications or fetal outcomes after administration of IIV or live attenuated influenza vaccines (LAIVs). During the 2009-2010 pandemic influenza A (H1N1) vaccination campaign, a study noted that the number of VAERS reports from pregnant women who received the H1N1 2009 inactivated monovalent vaccine (n = 288) increased compared with 1990-2009 seasonal IIV pregnancy reports (n = 148)...
December 17, 2016: Drug Safety: An International Journal of Medical Toxicology and Drug Experience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982282/effects-of-perinatal-exposure-to-nonylphenol-on-delivery-outcomes-of-pregnant-rats-and-inflammatory-hepatic-injury-in-newborn-rats
#20
J Yu, Y Luo, X F Yang, M X Yang, J Yang, X S Yang, J Zhou, F Gao, L T He, J Xu
The current study aimed to investigate the effects of perinatal exposure to nonylphenol (NP) on delivery outcome of pregnant rats and subsequent inflammatory hepatic injury in newborn rats. The pregnant rats were divided into 2 groups: control group (corn oil) and NP exposure group. Thirty-four pregnant rats were administered NP or corn oil by gavage from the sixth day of pregnancy to 21 days postpartum, with blood samples collected at 12 and 21 days of pregnancy and 60 days after delivery. The NP concentration was measured by HPLC, with chemiluminescence used for detection of estrogen and progesterone levels...
December 8, 2016: Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research, Revista Brasileira de Pesquisas Médicas e Biológicas
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