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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344987/prior-uterine-evacuation-and-the-risk-of-short-cervical-length-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#1
Rupsa C Boelig, Michela Villani, Eva Jiang, Kelly M Orzechowski, Vincenzo Berghella
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether a prior uterine evacuation procedure is associated with an increased risk of short cervical length (≤20 mm) in women without prior spontaneous preterm birth. METHODS: This work was a retrospective cohort study from January 2012 to December 2014 of singletons without prior spontaneous preterm birth with cervical length screening between 18 weeks and 23 weeks 6 days. Women with a prior miscarriage/abortion were excluded if management (medical, surgical, or expectant) was not specified...
January 18, 2018: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339010/differences-in-abortion-service-delivery-in-hostile-middle-ground-and-supportive-states-in-2014
#2
Rachel K Jones, Meghan Ingerick, Jenna Jerman
OBJECTIVES: In 2013, the majority of women lived in states considered hostile to abortion rights, or states with numerous abortion restrictions. By comparison, 31% lived in supportive states. This study examined differences in abortion service delivery according to the policy climate in which clinics must operate. METHODS: Data come from the 2014 Abortion Provider Census, which contains information about all known abortion-providing facilities in the United States...
January 12, 2018: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334203/modeling-in-vitro-fertilization-data-considering-multiple-outcomes-observed-among-iranian-infertile-women
#3
Azadeh Ghaheri, Aliakbar Rasekhi, Reza Omani Samani, Ebrahim Hajizadeh
Background: Women undergoing in vitro fertilization (IVF) cycles should successfully go through multiple points during the procedure (i.e., implantation, clinical pregnancy, no spontaneous abortion and delivery) to achieve live births. In this study, data from multiple cycles and multiple points during the IVF cycle are collected for each individual to model the effects of factors associated with success at different stages of IVF cycles in Iranian infertile women. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This historical cohort study includes 996 assisted reproductive technology (ART) cycles of 511 infertile women...
April 2018: International Journal of Fertility & Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329988/rethinking-medicaid-coverage-and-payment-policy-to-promote-high-value-care-the-case-of-long-acting-reversible-contraception
#4
Veronica X Vela, Elizabeth W Patton, Darshak Sanghavi, Susan F Wood, Peter Shin, Sara Rosenbaum
CONTEXT: Long-acting reversible contraception (LARC) is the most effective reversible method to prevent unplanned pregnancies. Variability in state-level policies and the high cost of LARC could create substantial inconsistencies in Medicaid coverage, despite federal guidance aimed at enhancing broad access. This study surveyed state Medicaid payment policies and outreach activities related to LARC to explore the scope of services covered. METHODS: Using publicly available information, we performed a content analysis of state Medicaid family planning and LARC payment policies...
January 9, 2018: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326803/treatment-of-early-stages-hodgkin-lymphoma-during-pregnancy
#5
Agustin Avilés, Maria-Jesus Nambo, Natividad Neri
Background: To assess maternal and fetal outcome of women and newborns who received chemotherapy during pregnancy to treat Hodgkin lymphoma (HL)in early stages (IA, IIA), we performed a retrospective analysis of a cohort of 44 pregnant women with HL and early stages, diagnosed and treated between 1988 to 2013, at a tertiary reference cancer center. Methods: We analyzed data on HL characteristics and treatment, with a particular attention to maternal and fetal complications; in children, we performed a longer follow-up to detect any anomaly in physical development, scholar performance, psychological, cardiac, neurological function, and intelligence tests...
2018: Mediterranean Journal of Hematology and Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304810/socioeconomic-status-can-affect-pregnancy-outcomes-and-complications-even-with-a-universal-healthcare-system
#6
Min Kyoung Kim, Seung Mi Lee, Sung-Hee Bae, Hyun Joo Kim, Nam Gu Lim, Seok-Jun Yoon, Jin Yong Lee, Min-Woo Jo
BACKGROUND: Low socioeconomic status can increase the risk of adverse pregnancy outcomes, but it remains unclear whether this negative association is attributed to inadequate prenatal care. Korea has been adopting a universal healthcare system. All Korean citizens must be enrolled National Health Insurance (NHI) or be recipient of Medical Aid (MA). In addition, Korean government launched a financial support system for antenatal care for all pregnant women in 2008. Therefore, in theory, there is no financial barrier to receive prenatal cares regardless of someone's social class...
January 5, 2018: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284250/serological-prevalence-of-coxiella-burnetii-in-dairy-goats-and-ewes-diagnosed-with-adverse-pregnancy-outcomes-in-greece
#7
George Filioussis, Alexandros Theodoridis, Dimitrios Papadopoulos, Athanasios I Gelasakis, Sotiria Vouraki, George Bramis, Georgios Arsenos
INTRODUCTION: <i>Coxiella burnetii</i> is an obligatory intracellular bacterial pathogen causing the zoonotic disease Q fever. The most common reservoirs of <i>C. burnetii</i> are wild mammals, birds and ticks. Pregnant domestic ruminants infected with this bacterium are also a major source of human infection. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The serological prevalence of <i>C. burnetii</i> in goats and sheep diagnosed with adverse pregnancy outcomes was assessed by undertaking a survey on 800 dairy goats and 800 dairy ewes reared in four different regions of Greece (Macedonia, Thrace, Thessaly, and Peloponnese)...
December 23, 2017: Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine: AAEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29261504/service-delivery-correlates-of-choosing-short-acting-contraceptives-at-the-time-of-uterine-evacuation-in-bangladesh
#8
Erin Pearson, Kamal Kanti Biswas, Rezwana Chowdhury, Kathryn L Andersen, Sharmin Sultana, S M Shahidullah, Caroline Moreau, Michele R Decker
CONTEXT: The World Health Organization recommends that contraceptives be offered on the day of a uterine evacuation procedure (i.e., induced abortion or postabortion care for an incomplete abortion). Short-acting methods can be initiated on the day of the uterine evacuation, regardless of procedure type. METHODS: Survey data from a facility-based sample of 479 Bangladeshi women aged 18-49 who did not intend to become pregnant in the four months following their uterine evacuation were used to examine women's choice of short-acting contraceptive methods (pill, condoms or injectable)...
June 1, 2017: International Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237347/pregnancy-history-influences-the-level-of-autophagy-in-peripheral-blood-mononuclear-cells-from-pregnant-women
#9
Aswathi Jayaram, Tomi Kanninen, Giovanni Sisti, Steven R Inglis, Nurah Morgan, Steven S Witkin
OBJECTIVE: Maternal immune responses are altered during pregnancy and differ between nulliparous and multiparous women. The influence of a prior gestation on autophagy in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) from pregnant women has not been determined and is the subject of this investigation. METHODS: Peripheral blood mononuclear cells were isolated from 212 pregnant women and immediately lysed in the presence of protease inhibitors, and the extent of autophagy was determined by quantitation of the concentration of p62 (sequestosome-1) in the lysates by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA)...
January 1, 2017: Reproductive Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214476/acute-effects-of-air-pollution-on-spontaneous-abortion-premature-delivery-and-stillbirth-in-ahvaz-iran-a-time-series-study
#10
Maryam Dastoorpoor, Esmaeil Idani, Gholamreza Goudarzi, Narges Khanjani
Living in areas with high air pollution may have adverse effects on human health. There are few studies about the association between breathing polluted air and adverse pregnancy outcomes in the Middle East. The aim of this study was to determine the relationship between air pollution and spontaneous abortion, premature birth, and stillbirth in Ahvaz. A time-series study was conducted. Data about spontaneous abortion, premature deliveries, and stillbirth was collected from Ahvaz Imam Khomeini Hospital. Air pollution data including NO, CO, NO2, PM10, SO2, O3, and climate data were, respectively, collected from the Environmental Protection Agency and the Khuzestan Province Meteorology Office from March 2008 until March 2015...
December 6, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198848/association-between-surgically-diagnosed-endometriosis-and-adverse-pregnancy-outcomes
#11
Innie Chen, Shifana Lalani, Ri-Hua Xie, Minxue Shen, Sukhbir S Singh, Shi-Wu Wen
OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between surgically diagnosed endometriosis and pregnancy outcomes in subsequent pregnancies. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study of women who delivered a singleton live birth from 2003 to 2013 in Ottawa, Ontario, Canada. SETTING: Tertiary level academic center. PATIENT(S): Pregnant women with surgically diagnosed endometriosis were identified using International Classification of Diseases-10 codes from previous hospital admissions and were compared with pregnant women with no prior admission for endometriosis for the occurrences of adverse pregnancy outcomes...
November 29, 2017: Fertility and Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29188582/a-low-birth-weight-infant-with-no-malformations-delivered-by-a-primary-immune-thrombocytopenia-patient-treated-with-eltrombopag
#12
Naruko Suzuki, Junji Hiraga, Yumi Hariyama, Yusuke Takagi, Haruhiko Ohashi, Yasuyuki Kishigami, Hidenori Oguchi, Yoshitoyo Kagami
Primary immune thrombocytopenia (ITP) is defined by a low platelet count secondary to antibody-mediated platelet destruction or reductions in platelet production. Although eltrombopag is a thrombopoietin receptor agonist that increases platelet production in refractory or relapsed ITP, the influence on pregnancy is limited. We present the case of a pregnant 25-year-old ITP patient referred to our hospital with a history of two induced abortions. After eradication of Helicobacter pylori and with oral prednisolone at 8 mg/day, platelet count remained below 10,000/µl...
November 29, 2017: International Journal of Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29188070/the-first-case-report-of-septic-abortion-resulting-from-%C3%AE-lactamase-negative-ampicillin-resistant-non-typeable-haemophilus-influenzae-infection
#13
Hiroaki Baba, Risako Kakuta, Hasumi Tomita, Minako Miyazoe, Masatoshi Saito, Chihiro Oe, Noriomi Ishibashi, Misa Sogi, Kengo Oshima, Tetsuji Aoyagi, Yoshiaki Gu, Makiko Yoshida, Koichi Tokuda, Shiro Endo, Hisakazu Yano, Mitsuo Kaku
Introduction. This is the first case report of septic abortion due to β-lactamase-negative ampicillin-resistant (BLNAR) non-typeable Haemophilus influenzae infection. In Japan, BLNAR H. influenzae is widespread and has become a clinical concern, especially in paediatrics and otolaryngology, but H. influenzae has not been previously recognized as a causative agent of obstetric or gynaecological infection. Case presentation. A 31-year-old pregnant woman presented at 17 weeks and 6 days of gestation with a high fever; she was admitted with a diagnosis of threatened premature delivery...
October 2017: JMM Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29181211/placenta-percreta-in-first-trimester-after-multiple-rounds-of-failed-medical-management-for-a-missed-abortion
#14
Jaimin Shah, Eduardo Matta, Fernando Acosta, Natalia Golardi, Cristina Wallace-Huff
Background: The detection of a morbidly adherent placenta (MAP) in the first trimester is rare. Risk factors such as multiparity, advanced maternal age, prior cesarean delivery, prior myomectomy, placenta previa, or previous uterine evacuation place patients at a higher risk for having abnormal placental implantation. If these patients have a first trimester missed abortion and fail medical management, it is important that providers have a heightened suspicion for a MAP. Case: A 24-year-old G4P3003 with 3 prior cesarean deliveries underwent multiple rounds of failed medical management for a missed abortion...
2017: Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29179589/aspirin-or-heparin-or-both-in-the-treatment-of-recurrent-spontaneous-abortion-in-women-with-antiphospholipid-antibody-syndrome-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#15
Chang Lu, Yong Liu, Hai-Li Jiang
OBJECTIVE: This study was designed to evaluate the efficacy of aspirin or heparin or both in the treatment for recurrent spontaneous abortion (RSA) in women with antiphospholipid antibody syndrome (APS). METHODS: Systematic searches for randomized clinical trials (RCTs) evaluating on live birth and preterm delivery, preeclampsia, intrauterine growth restriction, gestational diabetes, bleeding of RSA with APS patients receiving aspirin and heparin therapy were carried out, from PubMed, EMBASE, ScienceDirect and CNKI...
November 27, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29174107/assessing-the-safety-of-hepatitis-b-vaccination-during-pregnancy-in-the-vaccine-adverse-event-reporting-system-vaers-1990-2016
#16
Pedro L Moro, Yenlik Zheteyeva, Faith Barash, Paige Lewis, Maria Cano
BACKGROUND: The safety of hepatitis B vaccination during pregnancy has not been well studied. OBJECTIVE: We characterized adverse events (AEs) after hepatitis B vaccination of pregnant women reported to the Vaccine Adverse Event Reporting System (VAERS), a spontaneous reporting surveillance system. METHODS: We searched VAERS for AEs reports involving pregnant women who received hepatitis B vaccine from January 1, 1990-June 30, 2016. All reports and available medical records were reviewed by physicians...
November 23, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168022/no-advantage-of-fresh-blastocyst-versus-cleavage-stage-embryo-transfer-in-women-under-the-age-of-39-a-randomized-controlled-study
#17
Paolo Emanuele Levi-Setti, Federico Cirillo, Antonella Smeraldi, Emanuela Morenghi, Giulia E G Mulazzani, Elena Albani
PURPOSE: Is there a difference in implantation and pregnancy rates between embryos transferred electively at cleavage or blastocyst stage in infertile women ≤ 38 years with at least four zygotes on day 1 post retrieval? METHODS: A randomized clinical trial was conducted in a single tertiary care hospital with a sample size of 194 patients in each arm for a total population of 388 women. Patients less than 39 years of age with more than three fertilized oocytes and less than four previous assisted reproductive technology (ART) attempts were inclusion criteria...
November 22, 2017: Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162956/risk-assessment-at-11-14-week-antenatal-visit-a-tertiary-referral-center-experience-from-south-india
#18
Anusha Vellamkondu, Akhila Vasudeva, Rajeshwari G Bhat, Asha Kamath, Sapna V Amin, Lavanya Rai, Pratap Kumar
Background: Present study carried out in a tertiary referral hospital in South India attempts to determine the predictive value of integrated screening at 11-14-week antenatal visit. Objectives: To determine the detection rate of fetal abnormalities at 11-14 weeks and also to predict the placental dysfunction disorders based on early integrated evaluation. Method: Integrated screening performed on 440 women between 11 and 14 weeks, including detailed maternal history [medical history, bad obstetric history (BOH)], body mass index (BMI), mean arterial pressure (MAP), detailed ultrasound and maternal serum biochemistry as part of combined first-trimester screening for aneuploidy...
December 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158370/ovarian-and-uterine-functions-in-female-survivors-of-childhood-cancers
#19
REVIEW
Ozgur Oktem, Samuel S Kim, Ugur Selek, Glenn Schatmann, Bulent Urman
Adult survivors of childhood cancers are more prone to developing poor reproductive and obstetrical outcomes than their siblings and the general population as a result of previous exposure to chemotherapy and radiation during childhood. Chemotherapy drugs exert cytotoxic effects systemically and therefore can damage the ovaries, leading to infertility, premature ovarian failure, and, to a lesser extent, spontaneous abortions. They have very limited or no deleterious effects on the uterus that can be recognized clinically...
November 20, 2017: Oncologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150167/reproductive-factors-in-relation-to-heart-failure-in-women-a-systematic-review
#20
REVIEW
Renee Bolijn, N Charlotte Onland-Moret, Folkert W Asselbergs, Yvonne T van der Schouw
BACKGROUND: The biological mechanisms underlying the sex-related differences in risk of heart failure are still not well understood. The aim of this review was to provide an overview of the current evidence on the association between reproductive factors and risk of heart failure in women. METHODS: A systematic review of the literature was conducted. PubMed and Embase databases were searched for publications on the following reproductive factors as potential risk factors for heart failure in women: age at menarche, duration and frequency of the menstrual cycle, reproductive lifespan, use of contraception, polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS), pregnancy characteristics (e...
December 2017: Maturitas
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