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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804617/-typical-chiropractic-patients-can-they-be-described-in-terms-of-recovery-patterns
#1
Iben Axén, Charlotte Leboeuf-Yde
BACKGROUND: Chiropractors expect the typical patient to recover fully or to improve quickly with treatment if relapses occur. However, a mismatch between expectations and outcome would have a negative effect on both the chiropractors' professional self-esteem and patients' satisfaction with care. The prevalence of three types of recovery patterns among patients with non-specific low back pain (LBP) was calculated: 1: A full sustained recovery. 2: Initial recovery, but with one or several relapses followed by a period of recovery...
2017: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804504/efficacy-of-auricular-acupressure-for-chronic-low-back-pain-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#2
REVIEW
Li-Hua Yang, Pei-Bei Duan, Qing-Mei Hou, Shi-Zheng Du, Jin-Fang Sun, Si-Juan Mei, Xiao-Qing Wang
OBJECTIVES: To identify the efficacy of auricular acupressure on pain and disability for chronic LBP by systematic review. METHODS: A search of randomized controlled trials was conducted in four English medical electronic databases and three Chinese databases. Two reviewers independently retrieved related studies, assessed the methodological quality, and extracted data with a standardized data form. Meta-analyses were performed using all time-points meta-analysis...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803704/effectiveness-of-graded-activity-versus-physiotherapy-in-patients-with-chronic-nonspecific-low-back-pain-midterm-follow-up-results-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#3
Maurício Oliveira Magalhães, Josielli Comachio, Paulo Henrique Ferreira, Evangelos Pappas, Amélia Pasqual Marques
BACKGROUND: Low back pain (LBP) is a major health and economic problem worldwide. Graded activity and physiotherapy are commonly used interventions for nonspecific low back pain. However, there is currently little evidence to support the use of one intervention over the other in the medium-term. OBJECTIVE: To compare the effectiveness of graded activity exercises to physiotherapy-based exercises at mid-term (three and six months' post intervention) in patients with chronic nonspecific LBP...
July 12, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800443/a-novel-approach-to-spinal-3-d-kinematic-assessment-using-inertial-sensors-towards-effective-quantitative-evaluation-of-low-back-pain-in-clinical-settings
#4
Sajad Ashouri, Mohsen Abedi, Masoud Abdollahi, Farideh Dehghan Manshadi, Mohamad Parnianpour, Kinda Khalaf
This paper presents a novel approach for evaluating LBP in various settings. The proposed system uses cost-effective inertial sensors, in conjunction with pattern recognition techniques, for identifying sensitive classifiers towards discriminate identification of LB patients. 24 healthy individuals and 28 low back pain patients performed trunk motion tasks in five different directions for validation. Four combinations of these motions were selected based on literature, and the corresponding kinematic data was collected...
August 4, 2017: Computers in Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800302/the-effect-of-pain-severity-on-postural-stability-and-dynamic-limits-of-stability-in-chronic-low-back-pain
#5
Elsadat Saad Soliman, Tamer Mohamed Shousha, Mohamed Salaheldien Alayat
BACKGROUND: Deficits of dynamic balance in chronic low back pain patients have been reported by different studies in terms of impaired postural control. However, they excluded the degree of pain as a determinant affecting dynamic balance. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of pain intensity on dynamic balance control in terms of postural stability indices (PSIs) and limits of stability (LOS) in chronic LBP patients. METHODS: Sixty subjects (38 men, 22 women) participated in the current study, 45 patients with chronic LBP were selected randomly and served as the chronic LBP group while 15 healthy subjects served as the asymptomatic group (AS)...
July 31, 2017: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798733/beef-chicken-and-soy-proteins-in-diets-induce-different-gut-microbiota-and-metabolites-in-rats
#6
Yingying Zhu, Xuebin Shi, Xisha Lin, Keping Ye, Xinglian Xu, Chunbao Li, Guanghong Zhou
Previous studies have paid much attention to the associations between high intake of meat and host health. Our previous study showed that the intake of meat proteins can maintain a more balanced composition of gut bacteria as compared to soy protein diet. However, the associations between dietary protein source, gut bacteria, and host health were still unclear. In this study, we collected colonic contents from the growing rats fed with casein, beef, chicken or soy proteins for 90 days, and analyzed the compositions of gut microbiota and metabolites...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798688/establishment-and-characterization-of-a-novel-rat-model-of-mechanical-low-back-pain-using-behavioral-pharmacologic-and-histologic-methods
#7
Arjun Muralidharan, Thomas S W Park, John T Mackie, Luiz G S Gimenez, Andy Kuo, Janet R Nicholson, Laura Corradini, Maree T Smith
Chronic low back pain (LBP), the leading cause of disability globally, is notoriously difficult to treat. Most rodent models of LBP mimic lumbar radicular pain rather than mechanical LBP. Here, we describe establishment of a new rat model of mechanical LBP that is devoid of a neuropathic component. Groups of adult male Sprague Dawley rats were anesthetized and their lumbar L4/L5 and L5/L6 intervertebral disks (IVDs) were punctured (0.5 mm outer diameter, 2mm-deep) 5 (LPB-5X), or 10 (LBP-10X) times per disk...
2017: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796755/the-effect-of-lumbar-disc-herniation-on-musculoskeletal-loadings-in-the-spinal-region-during-level-walking-and-stair-climbing
#8
Shengzheng Kuai, Zhenhua Liao, Wenyu Zhou, Xinyu Guan, Run Ji, Rui Zhang, Daiqi Guo, Weiqiang Liu
BACKGROUND People with low back pain (LBP) alter their motion patterns during level walking and stair climbing due to pain or fear. However, the alternations of load sharing during the two activities are largely unknown. The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of LBP caused by lumbar disc herniation (LDH) on the muscle activities of 17 main trunk muscle groups and the intradiscal forces acting on the five lumbar discs. MATERIAL AND METHODS Twenty-six healthy adults and seven LDH patients were recruited to perform level walking and stair climbing in the Gait Analysis Laboratory...
August 10, 2017: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796611/simultaneous-local-binary-feature-learning-and-encoding-for-homogeneous-and-heterogeneous-face-recognition
#9
Jiwen Lu, Venice Erin Liong, Jie Zhou
In this paper, we propose a simultaneous local binary feature learning and encoding (SLBFLE) approach for both homogeneous and heterogeneous face recognition. Unlike existing hand-crafted face descriptors such as local binary pattern (LBP) and Gabor features which usually require strong prior knowledge, our SLBFLE is an unsupervised feature learning approach which automatically learns face representation from raw pixels. Unlike existing binary face descriptors such as the LBP, discriminant face descriptor (DFD), and compact binary face descriptor (CBFD) which use a two-stage feature extraction procedure, our SLBFLE jointly learns binary codes and the codebook for local face patches so that discriminative information from raw pixels from face images of different identities can be obtained by using a one-stage feature learning and encoding procedure...
August 9, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796190/efficient-pedestrian-detection-at-nighttime-using-a-thermal-camera
#10
Jeonghyun Baek, Sungjun Hong, Jisu Kim, Euntai Kim
Most of the commercial nighttime pedestrian detection (PD) methods reported previously utilized the histogram of oriented gradient (HOG) or the local binary pattern (LBP) as the feature and the support vector machine (SVM) as the classifier using thermal camera images. In this paper, we propose a new feature called the thermal-position-intensity-histogram of oriented gradient (TPIHOG or T π HOG) and developed a new combination of the T π HOG and the additive kernel SVM (AKSVM) for efficient nighttime pedestrian detection...
August 10, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795908/structural-equation-modelling-of-lower-back-pain-due-to-whole-body-vibration-exposure-in-the-construction-industry
#11
Vitharanage Hashini Paramitha Vitharana, Thanwadee Chinda
Whole body vibration (WBV) exposure is a health hazard among workers, causing lower back pain (LBP) in the construction industry. This study examines key factors affecting LBP due to WBV exposure using the exploratory factor analysis and structural equation modelling. The results confirm five key factors, which are equipment, job-related, organizational, personal, and social- context, with their 17 associated items. The organizational factor is found the most important factor, as it influences the other four factors...
August 10, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics: JOSE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794341/protective-effects-of-lycium-barbarum-polysaccharide-on-male-sexual-dysfunction-and-fertility-impairments-by-activating-hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal-axis-in-streptozotocin-induced-type-1-diabetic-male-mice
#12
Guang-Jiang Shi, Jie Zheng, Jing Wu, Hai-Qi Qiao, Qing Chang, Yang Niu, Tao Sun, Yu-Xiang Li, Jian-Qiang Yu
Diabetes-associated male sexual dysfunction and fertility impairments are both common clinical complications with limited therapeutic options; hence it seriously affects the quality of life of the patients, in particular, the patients of reproductive age. Lycium barbarum polysaccharide (LBP) has long being believed to maintain and to promote reproductive functions in the traditional medical practice in China. The current study was to investigate if LBP may contribute to recovery of male sexual dysfunction and fertility impairments in diabetic individuals...
August 9, 2017: Endocrine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794177/discovery-and-validation-of-a-six-marker-serum-protein-signature-for-the-diagnosis-of-active-pulmonary-tuberculosis
#13
Mary A De Groote, David G Sterling, Thomas Hraha, Theresa Russell, Louis S Green, Kirsten Wall, Stephan Kraemer, Rachel Ostroff, Nebojsa Janjic, Urs A Ochsner
New non-sputum biomarker tests for active tuberculosis (TB) diagnostics are of highest priority for global TB control. We performed in-depth proteomic analysis using the 4000-plex SOMAscan assay on 1470 serum samples from seven TB-endemic countries. All samples were from patients with symptoms and signs suggestive of active pulmonary TB that were systematically confirmed or ruled-out for TB by culture and clinical follow-up. HIV-coinfection was present in 34%and 22% were sputum smear-negative. Serum protein biomarkers were identified by stability selection using L1-regularized logistic regression and by Kolmogorov-Smirnov (KS) statistics...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Clinical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793772/effect-of-dietary-lipids-on-endotoxemia-influences-postprandial-inflammatory-response
#14
Javier Lopez-Moreno, Sonia García-Carpintero, Rosa Jimenez-Lucena, Carmen Haro, Oriol A Rangel-Zúñiga, Ruth Blanco-Rojo, Elena Maria Yubero-Serrano, Francisco J Tinahones, Javier Delgado-Lista, Pablo Pérez-Martínez, Helen M Roche, Jose Lopez-Miranda, Antonio Camargo
Metabolic syndrome (MetS) results in postprandial metabolic alterations that predisposes to a state of chronic low-grade inflammation and increased oxidative stress. We aimed to assess the effect of the consumption of the quantity and quality of dietary fat on fasting and postprandial plasma lipopolysaccharides (LPS). A subgroup of 75 subjects with metabolic syndrome was randomized to receive 1 of 4 diets: HSFA, rich in saturated fat; HMUFA, rich in monounsaturated fat; LFHCC n-3, low-fat, rich in complex carbohydrate diet supplemented with n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids; LFHCC low-fat, rich in complex carbohydrate diet supplemented with placebo, for 12 week each...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776360/biomarkers-imaging-and-disease-activity-indices-in-patients-with-early-axial-spondyloarthritis-the-italian-arm-of-the-spondyloarthritis-caught-early-space-study
#15
M Lorenzin, A Ortolan, S Vio, M Favero, F Oliviero, M Zaninotto, C Cosma, C Lacognata, L Punzi, R Ramonda
The study aimed to evaluate biomarkers facilitating early diagnosis of axial spondyloarthritis (axSpA) and correlations between them and disease activity parameters and imaging indexes. Patients with low back pain (LBP) (≥3 months, ≤2 years, onset ≤45 years) participating in the Italian arm of the SpondyloArthritis-Caught-Early SPACE study underwent a physical examination, questionnaires, laboratory tests, X-rays and MRI of the spine and sacroiliac joints (SIJ). An expert rheumatologist formulated axSpA diagnosis in accordance with Assessment of SpondyloArthritis International Society (ASAS) criteria...
August 3, 2017: Reumatismo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776132/long-term-evaluation-of-a-canadian-back-pain-mass-media-campaign
#16
Arnela Suman, Geoffrey P Bostick, Donald Schopflocher, Anthony S Russell, Robert Ferrari, Michele C Battié, Richard Hu, Rachelle Buchbinder, Douglas P Gross
PURPOSE: This paper evaluates the long-term impact of a Canadian mass media campaign on general public beliefs about staying active when experiencing low back pain (LBP). METHODS: Changes in beliefs about staying active during an episode of LBP were studied using telephone and web-based surveys. Logistic regression analysis was used to investigate changes in beliefs over time and the effect of exposure to campaign messaging. RESULTS: The percentage of survey respondents agreeing that they should stay active through LBP increased annually from 58...
August 3, 2017: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774437/new-approach-to-detect-and-classify-stroke-in-skull-ct-images-via-analysis-of-brain-tissue-densities
#17
Pedro P Rebouças Filho, Róger Moura Sarmento, Gabriel Bandeira Holanda, Daniel de Alencar Lima
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Cerebral vascular accident (CVA), also known as stroke, is an important health problem worldwide and it affects 16 million people worldwide every year. About 30% of those that have a stroke die and 40% remain with serious physical limitations. However, recovery in the damaged region is possible if treatment is performed immediately. In the case of a stroke, Computed Tomography (CT) is the most appropriate technique to confirm the occurrence and to investigate its extent and severity...
September 2017: Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771864/back-school-programme-for-nurses-has-reduced-low-back-pain-levels-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#18
M Járomi, A Kukla, B Szilágyi, Á Ugron, V Kovácsné Bobály, A Makai, P Linek, P Ács, E Leidecker
BACKGROUND: Millions of nurses around the world suffer from occupational-related chronic non-specific low back pain (cnsLBP). Generally, LBP in nurses is a result of increased pressure on the spine, and can be associated with improperly conducted patient lifting techniques. AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The purposes of the study were:1) to examine patient lifting techniques used by nurses; and 2) to evaluate an effectiveness of the Spine Care for Nurses programme in cnsLBP reduction and the execution of proper patient lifting techniques...
August 3, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770974/back-schools-for-chronic-non-specific-low-back-pain
#19
REVIEW
Patrícia Parreira, Martijn W Heymans, Maurits W van Tulder, Rosmin Esmail, Bart W Koes, Nolwenn Poquet, Chung-Wei Christine Lin, Christopher G Maher
BACKGROUND: Many people with low back pain (LBP) become frequent users of healthcare services in their attempt to find treatments that minimise the severity of their symptoms. Back School consists of a therapeutic programme given to groups of people that includes both education and exercise. However, the content of Back School has changed over time and appears to vary widely today. This review is an update of a Cochrane review of randomised controlled trials (RCTs) evaluating the effectiveness of Back School...
August 3, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768509/assessment-of-potential-risk-factors-for-new-onset-disabling-low-back-pain-in-japanese-workers-findings-from-the-cupid-cultural-and-psychosocial-influences-on-disability-study
#20
Mika Kawaguchi, Ko Matsudaira, Takayuki Sawada, Tadashi Koga, Akiko Ishizuka, Tatsuya Isomura, David Coggon
BACKGROUND: Most studies of risk factors for new low back pain (LBP) have been conducted in Western populations, but because of cultural and environmental differences, the impact of causal factors may not be the same in other countries. We used longitudinal data from the Cultural and Psychosocial Influences on Disability (CUPID) study to assess risk factors for new onset of disabling LBP among Japanese workers. METHODS: Data came from a 1-year prospective follow-up of nurses, office workers, sales/marketing personnel, and transportation workers, initially aged 20-59 years, who were employed in or near Tokyo...
August 2, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
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