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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642752/a-comprehensive-epidemiological-research-for-clinical-vibrio-parahaemolyticus-in-shanghai
#1
Huan Li, Rong Tang, Yang Lou, Zelin Cui, Wenjing Chen, Qing Hong, Zhaohuan Zhang, Pradeep K Malakar, Yingjie Pan, Yong Zhao
Vibrio parahaemolyticus is one of the most important pathogen for seafood-borne gastroenteritis in Shanghai and the rest of the world. A total of 42 V. parahaemolyticus strains were isolated from 1900 fecal specimens collected from patients in Shanghai hospital presenting from January 2014 to December 2015. All isolates were evaluated for potential virulence factors [tdh, trh, and type three secretion system (T3SS) genes], typed using multilocus sequence typing (MLST) and screened for antimicrobial resistance phenotype and genotype...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633696/cross-border-collaboration-for-improved-tuberculosis-prevention-and-care-policies-tools-and-experiences
#2
M Dara, G Sulis, R Centis, L D'Ambrosio, G de Vries, P Douglas, D Garcia, N Jansen, E Zuroweste, G B Migliori
As tuberculosis (TB) spreads beyond borders with people movements, several interventions ensuring the continuity of care are essential, although difficult to put in place in the absence of well-defined agreements allowing data sharing and easy referral of patients to appropriate health facilities. This article first sets out general principles for cross-border collaboration and continuity of care. It then presents a series of case studies. Policies and practices on cross-border collaboration in selected low-incidence countries (Australia, Italy, Norway, The Netherlands, the United Kingdom and the United States) are described and critically appraised...
July 1, 2017: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627490/genotyping-and-antimicrobial-resistance-genes-of-yersinia-ruckeri-isolates-from-rainbow-trout-farms
#3
Muhammed Duman, Soner Altun, Murat Cengiz, Izzet Burcin Saticioglu, Ayse Gul Buyukekiz, Pinar Sahinturk
In this study, we compared 142 Yersinia ruckeri isolates collected between 2013 and 2016 from 6 different regions in Turkey. A total of 18 different genogroups were found, though most of the isolates clustered into the same genogroup as serotype O1. As immunization of fish with inactivated Y. ruckeri by injection, immersion, or feeding provide minimal protection against Y. ruckeri infection in Turkey, many fish producers use antimicrobials unrestrictedly, resulting in antimicrobial resistance in aquatic pathogens...
June 19, 2017: Diseases of Aquatic Organisms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598163/structural-color-patterns-on-paper-fabricated-by-inkjet-printer-and-their-application-in-anti-counterfeiting
#4
Suli Wu, Baoqi Liu, Xin Su, Shufen Zhang
Inkjet printed structural color patterns have attracted great attention in recent years because of their broadly promising applications. However, the patterns are usually fabricated on pre-treated plastic substrates. Herein a convenient inkjet printing method was developed to fabricate large scale computer designed structural color patterns on photo paper without any treatment using inks containing monodisperse CdS spheres. By this strategy, not only the single color and multi-color structural color patterns on paper were successfully obtained, but also invisible photonic anti-counterfeiting was achieved without any external stimuli...
June 9, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587073/epidemiological-features-and-forecast-model-analysis-for-the-morbidity-of-influenza-in-ningbo-china-2006-2014
#5
Chunli Wang, Yongdong Li, Wei Feng, Kui Liu, Shu Zhang, Fengjiao Hu, Suli Jiao, Xuying Lao, Hongxia Ni, Guozhang Xu
This study aimed to identify circulating influenza virus strains and vulnerable population groups and investigate the distribution and seasonality of influenza viruses in Ningbo, China. Then, an autoregressive integrated moving average (ARIMA) model for prediction was established. Influenza surveillance data for 2006-2014 were obtained for cases of influenza-like illness (ILI) (n = 129,528) from the municipal Centers for Disease Control and virus surveillance systems of Ningbo, China. The ARIMA model was proposed to predict the expected morbidity cases from January 2015 to December 2015...
May 25, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562626/evaluation-of-awareness-utilisation-of-clinical-practise-guideline-for-management-of-adult-dengue-infection-among-malaysia-doctors
#6
Mohd Izhar Ariff, Abqariyah Yahya, Rafdzah Zaki, Roza Sarimin, Izzuna Mudla Mohamed Ghazali, Balvinder Singh Gill, Zailiza Suli, Mohd Aminuddin Mohd Yusof, Nafisah Ahmad Lutfi, Sin Lian Thye, Fatanah Ismail, Maimunah Mahmud, Rugayah Bakri
Clinical Practice Guideline (CPG) provides evidence-based guidance for the management of Dengue Infection in adult patients. A cross sectional study was conducted to evaluate awareness and utilization of CPG among doctors in public or private hospitals and clinics in Malaysia. Doctors practicing only at hospital Medical and Emergency Departments were included, while private specialist clinics were excluded in this study. A multistage proportionate random sampling according to region (Central, Northern, Southern, Eastern, Sabah and Sarawak) was performed to select study participants...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28556446/multi-residue-analysis-of-glucocorticoids-in-milk-by-lc-ms-ms-with-low-temperature-purification-and-dispersive-solid-phase-extraction
#7
Lili Ma, Xiaojing Fan, Li Jia, Jiaqi Wang, Suli Wang, Liuwei Zhao
A multi-residue method for the determination of 12 glucocorticoids (clobetasol propionate, budesonide, triamcinolone, triamcinolone acetonide, fludrocortisone acetate, flumethasone, beclomethasone, prednisone acetate, 6-α-methylprednisolone, hydrocortisone, cortisone and prednisone) in bovine milk was developed using liquid chromatography with tandem mass spectrometry. Isoflupredone was used as an internal standard. Milk samples were treated with ethyl acetate to extract glucocorticoids and were frozen at -20°C for 6 h to precipitate fat...
May 27, 2017: Journal of Separation Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551095/an-in-depth-analysis-identifies-two-new-independent-signals-in-11q23-3-associated-with-vitiligo-in-the-chinese-han-population
#8
Suli Zhao, Fang Fang, Xianfa Tang, Jinfa Dou, Wenjun Wang, Xiaodong Zheng, Liangdan Sun, Anping Zhang
BACKGROUND: Vitiligo is an autoimmune disease, characterized by progressive loss of skin pigmentation, which is caused by the interactions of multiple factors, such as heredity, immunity and environment. Recently, a single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) rs638893 at 11q23.3 region was identified as a risk factor for vitiligo in genome-wide association studies and multiple SNPs in this region have been associated with other autoimmune diseases. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to identify additional susceptibility variants associated with vitiligo at 11q23...
May 3, 2017: Journal of Dermatological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542918/multisite-external-validation-of-a-risk-prediction-model-for-the-diagnosis-of-blood-stream-infections-in-febrile-pediatric-oncology-patients-without-severe-neutropenia
#9
Adam J Esbenshade, Zhiguo Zhao, Catherine Aftandilian, Raya Saab, Rachel L Wattier, Melissa Beauchemin, Tamara P Miller, Jennifer J Wilkes, Michael J Kelly, Alison Fernbach, Michael Jeng, Cindy L Schwartz, Christopher C Dvorak, Yu Shyr, Karl G M Moons, Maria-Luisa Sulis, Debra L Friedman
BACKGROUND: Pediatric oncology patients are at an increased risk of invasive bacterial infection due to immunosuppression. The risk of such infection in the absence of severe neutropenia (absolute neutrophil count ≥ 500/μL) is not well established and a validated prediction model for blood stream infection (BSI) risk offers clinical usefulness. METHODS: A 6-site retrospective external validation was conducted using a previously published risk prediction model for BSI in febrile pediatric oncology patients without severe neutropenia: the Esbenshade/Vanderbilt (EsVan) model...
May 23, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541358/manipulating-the-emission-intensity-and-lifetime-of-nayf4-yb-3-er-3-simultaneously-by-embedding-it-into-cds-photonic-crystals
#10
Xin Su, Xiaoqian Sun, Suli Wu, Shufen Zhang
Photonic crystals (PCs) have long been considered effective for tuning upconversion luminescence due to their photonic band gap (PBG) and the redistribution of density of optical states (DOS). Although the emission intensity can be changed obviously by the PC effect, rarely an obvious lifetime change consistent with theory is observed due to the low refractive index of PS or SiO2 spheres in the commonly used PCs. Herein, CdS/NaYF4:Yb(3+),Er(3+) composite PCs with a high refractive index contrast are fabricated in one step with upconversion nanoparticles filled inside CdS PCs...
June 8, 2017: Nanoscale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528975/autophagy-related-gene-microarray-and-bioinformatics-analysis-for-ischemic-stroke-detection
#11
Yinsheng Guo, Yue Ma, Yanwei Zhang, Li Zhou, Suli Huang, Ying Wen, Fei Zou, Jinquan Cheng
Ischemic stroke (IS) is characterized by high morbidity and poor prognosis. However, the mechanisms of IS induced injury are still poorly understood. The main aim of this study is to explore the role of autophagy in IS. Ten pairs of whole blood samples of IS patients and matched controls were included to select differential expressed genes (DE genes) by autophagy-related functional gene microarray analysis. And then, one hundred and fifty pairs of whole blood samples of IS patients and matched controls were included to validate the DE genes...
July 15, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497234/the-2017-caldar-summer-institute-and-international-conference-promoting-global-health-precision-research-in-substance-abuse-hiv-and-care
#12
Yih-Ing Hser, Ming D Li, Christine Grella, Lynn Brecht, Zhiwei Chen, Sulie L Chang, Linda Chang, Jacques Normand, Betty Tai
The 2017 CALDAR Summer Institute on Longituidnal Research and International Conference Series to Promote Global Health will take place in Los Angeles Universal City, CA, USA from August 15 to August 17, 2017. The conference will present a selection of the lastest and most current reseach in the areas of addiction, HIV, and related treatment.
May 11, 2017: Journal of Neuroimmune Pharmacology: the Official Journal of the Society on NeuroImmune Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482475/poly-amino-acid-hydroxyethyl-methacrylate-s-with-chiral-lysine-and-or-leucine-side-moieties-and-their-antibacterial-abilities-for-biomedical-applications
#13
Suli Hu, Wenhong Hu, Zhenguang Li, Lixia Ren, Yunhui Zhao, Xiaoyan Yuan
Biomedical applications of the synthetic polymers with amino acid side moieties have been studied in light of their biocompatibility. In this work, poly(amino acid-hydroxyethyl methacrylate)s with lysine (Lys)/leucine side moieties were synthesized via reversible addition-fragmentation chain transfer polymerization, and were verified with intrinsic chirality. For biomedical uses, their antibacterial abilities as well as hemolysis and cytotoxicity were investigated. The results indicated that there were similar inhibitions for d- and l-enantiomeric polymers against Staphylococcus aureus when the polymer concentrations were lower than ~300μg/mL, while the polymer containing d-Lys moiety was more effective against Escherichia coli...
July 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480943/vaccination-of-broilers-against-newcastle-disease-in-the-presence-of-maternally-derived-antibodies
#14
Anto Vrdoljak, Máté Halas, Tamás Süli
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of a live attenuated vaccine against Newcastle disease in broilers with different levels of maternally derived antibodies (MDA). While vaccination remains the single most important means for controlling Newcastle disease, presence of MDA may interfere with the vaccination of young birds and decrease the efficacy of the vaccine. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Day-old chicks with variable levels of MDA (negative, low and high) were vaccinated with a live attenuated vaccine against Newcastle disease...
May 8, 2017: Tierärztliche Praxis. Ausgabe G, Grosstiere/Nutztiere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462987/hybrid-polymer-nanoarrays-with-bifunctional-conductance-of-ions-and-electrons-and-enhanced-electrochemical-interfaces
#15
Zhangxun Xia, Ruili Sun, Suli Wang, Luhua Jiang, Hai Sun, Gongquan Sun
Ion migration and electron transfer are crucial phenomena in electrochemistry and interfacial sciences, which require effective coupling and integration of separated charge pathways within medium materials. Here, in this work, we fabricated an ordered nanowire material based on hybrid polymers of polypyrrole, with electronic conductance, and perfluorosulfonic acid ionomers, with ionic conductance, via a facile one-step electrochemical route. Because of the nanoconfined effects for the different charge-transfer channels within the nanowire polymer matrix, the electronic and ionic conductivities of the hybrid polymer are surprisingly enhanced, being 26...
May 16, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428486/antioxidative-protection-of-squalene-adjuvant-and-rabies-vaccine-with-adjuvant
#16
Anna Ondrejková, Judit Süli, Jarmila Harvanová, Róbert Ondrejka, Marián Prokeš
The authors verified the possibility of antioxidative protection of squalene adjuvant emulsions by the antioxidants α-tocopherol and β-carotene. They determined the influence of β-carotene on the stability and antigenic effectiveness of adjuvant emulsion in combination with rabies vaccine.The composition of the adjuvant emulsions or vaccines was: 2.5% squalene; 6% detergents; 0.5% antioxidant; 91% water phase. The oxidative injury after UV-irradiation was followed by the detection of the peroxide value of the emulsions...
April 19, 2017: Biological & Pharmaceutical Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376943/is-there-a-correlation-between-infection-control-performance-and-other-hospital-quality-measures
#17
Lyndsay M O'Hara, Daniel J Morgan, Lisa Pineles, Shanshan Li, Carol Sulis, Jason Bowling, Marci Drees, Jesse T Jacob, Deverick J Anderson, David K Warren, Anthony D Harris
Quality measures are increasingly reported by hospitals to the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS), yet there may be tradeoffs in performance between infection control (IC) and other quality measures. Hospitals that performed best on IC measures did not perform well on most CMS non-IC quality measures. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 2017;1-4.
April 5, 2017: Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28351013/dynamics-of-antibiotic-resistance-genes-in-microbial-fuel-cell-coupled-constructed-wetlands-treating-antibiotic-polluted-water
#18
Shuai Zhang, Hai-Liang Song, Xiao-Li Yang, Shan Huang, Zhe-Qin Dai, Hua Li, Yu-Yue Zhang
Microbial fuel cell-coupled constructed wetlands (CW-MFCs) use electrochemical, biological, and ecological functions to treat wastewater. However, few studies have investigated the risks of antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs) when using such systems to remove antibiotics. Therefore, three CW-MFCs were designed to assess the dynamics of ARGs in filler biofilm and effluent over 5000 h of operation. The experimental results indicated that relatively high steady voltages of 605.8 mV, 613.7 mV, and 541.4 mV were obtained at total influent antibiotic concentrations of 400, 1,000, and 1600 μg L(-1), respectively...
July 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28347610/abundance-of-antibiotics-antibiotic-resistance-genes-and-bacterial-community-composition-in-wastewater-effluents-from-different-romanian-hospitals
#19
Edina Szekeres, Andreea Baricz, Cecilia Maria Chiriac, Anca Farkas, Ocsana Opris, Maria-Loredana Soran, Adrian-Stefan Andrei, Knut Rudi, Jose Luis Balcázar, Nicolae Dragos, Cristian Coman
Antimicrobial resistance represents a growing and significant public health threat, which requires a global response to develop effective strategies and mitigate the emergence and spread of this phenomenon in clinical and environmental settings. We investigated, therefore, the occurrence and abundance of several antibiotics and antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs), as well as bacterial community composition in wastewater effluents from different hospitals located in the Cluj County, Romania. Antibiotic concentrations ranged between 3...
March 24, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339662/hiv-1-proteins-influence-novelty-seeking-behavior-and-alter-region-specific-transcriptional-responses-to-chronic-nicotine-treatment-in-hiv-1tg-rats
#20
Zhongli Yang, Tanseli Nesil, Taylor Wingo, Sulie L Chang, Ming D Li
Introduction: Clinical studies suggest that HIV-1-infected patients are more likely to use or abuse addictive drugs than is the general population. We hypothesized that HIV-1 proteins impact novelty-seeking behavior and enhance the transcriptional response to nicotine in genes implicated in both novelty-seeking behavior and drug addiction. Methods: We assessed the effects of HIV-1 proteins on novelty-seeking behavior by comparing baseline activity differences of HIV-1Tg and F344 control rats in the open-field test...
February 17, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
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