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Irina N Trofimova, William Sulis
Objective: Temperament and mental illness have been linked to the same systems of behavioral regulation. A temperament model, carefully structured to respond to subtle differences within systems of behavior regulation, should exhibit distinct temperament patterns in the presence of mental illness. Previous comparisons of temperament profiles in mental disorders used mostly emotionality-related traits. In contrast, the Functional Ensemble of Temperament (FET) model differentiates not only between emotionality traits, but also between traits related to physical, verbal, and mental aspects of behavior and maps 12 functional aspects of behavior to temperament traits as well as to symptoms of mental illnesses...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
Alberto Matteelli, Rosella Centis, Giorgia Sulis, Marina Tadolini
The number of international migrants worldwide has continued to grow rapidly over the past fifteen years and the trend is expected to continue, making the health matters associated with migration a crucial public health challenges faced by governments and societies. Multidrug-resistant tuberculosis is a paradigm of transmissible diseases that do not respect borders and poses a multifaceted and complex challenge on migrant health. The guiding principles for the health response are the respect of equity and human rights as well as the accurate analysis of epidemiological trends and determinants of TB in migrants...
November 29, 2016: Travel Medicine and Infectious Disease
Suli Wu, Hongbo Xia, Xin Su, Shufen Zhang
Titanium dioxide (TiO₂) spheres are potential candidates to fabricate three-dimensional (3D) photonic crystals due to their high refractive index and low absorption in the visible and near-infrared regions. Here, TiO₂ spheres with both high surface charge density and uniform size, which are necessary for the self-assembly of TiO₂ spheres, are prepared by sol-gel method in ethanol solution in the presence of thioglycolic acid as ligands. Thioglycolic acid, containing two functional groups, not only acts as coordinating ligand for stabilizing and controlling the growth of TiO₂ spheres, but also endows the resulting TiO₂ sphere with high charge density based on the zeta-potential analyzer potential analyzer when the pH of TiO₂ aqueous dispersion was 6...
November 9, 2016: Chemistry, An Asian Journal
Lia D'Ambrosio, Rosella Centis, Masoud Dara, Ivan Solovic, Giorgia Sulis, Alimuddin Zumla, Giovanni Battista Migliori
Globally 10.4 million new TB incident cases were estimated to have occurred in 2015, of which 3% were reported in the European Region of the World Health Organization. Importantly, about 25% of the global multidrug-resistant TB (MDR-TB) cases are reported in the European Region, representing one of the greatest challenges of TB control particularly in Former Soviet Union Countries. Over a quarter of TB cases in the European Union and European Economic Area (EU/EEA) are reported among foreign-born individuals...
November 8, 2016: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
Feihu Li, Bingtao Tang, Suli Wu, Shufen Zhang
The synthesis and assembly of monodispersed colloidal spheres are currently the subject of extensive investigation to fabricate artificial structural color materials. However, artificial structural colors from general colloidal crystals still suffer from the low color visibility and strong viewing angle dependence which seriously hinder their practical application in paints, colorimetric sensors, and color displays. Herein, monodispersed polysulfide (PSF) spheres with intrinsic high refractive index (as high as 1...
November 3, 2016: Small
D Archundia, C Duwig, F Lehembre, S Chiron, M-C Morel, B Prado, M Bourdat-Deschamps, E Vince, G Flores Aviles, J M F Martins
An increasing number of studies pointed out the ubiquitous presence of medical residues in surface and ground water as well as in soil compartments. Not only antibiotics can be found in the environment but also their transformation products about which little information is generally available. The development of bacterial resistance to antibiotics is particularly worrying as it can lead to sanitary and health problems. Studies about the dissemination of antibiotics and associated resistances in the Bolivian Altiplano are scarce...
October 27, 2016: Science of the Total Environment
Giorgia Sulis, Rosella Centis, Giovanni Sotgiu, Lia D'Ambrosio, Emanuele Pontali, Antonio Spanevello, Alberto Matteelli, Alimuddin Zumla, Giovanni Battista Migliori
Tuberculosis (TB) is a major public health issue worldwide, with ~9.6 million new incident cases and 1.5 million deaths in 2014. The End-TB Strategy launched by the World Health Organization in the context of the post-2015 agenda aims to markedly abate the scourge of TB towards global elimination, by improving current diagnostic and therapeutic practices, promoting preventative interventions, stimulating government commitment and increased financing, and intensifying research and innovation. The emergence and spread of multidrug-resistant strains is currently among the greatest concerns, which may hinder the achievement of future goals...
November 3, 2016: NPJ Primary Care Respiratory Medicine
Suli Huang, Ziquan Lv, Yi Guo, Lu Li, Yanwei Zhang, Li Zhou, Binyao Yang, Shuang Wu, Ying Zhang, Changhui Xie, Shanshan Li, Jinquan Cheng
Circulating microRNAs (miRNAs) are emerging as novel disease biomarkers. Using a miRNA microarray, we previously showed that the whole blood level of let-7e-5p was significantly higher in ischemic stroke patients than in control subjects. However, the association between let-7e-5p expression and the occurrence of ischemic stroke remains unknown. In this study, we validated the expression levels of let-7e-5p in two case-control populations using miRNA TaqMan assays and further investigated the potential targets of let-7e-5p...
2016: PloS One
Bin Cai, Xiangxiong Kong, Chao Zhong, Suli Sun, Xiao Feng Zhou, Yin Hua Jin, Youning Wang, Xia Li, Zhendong Zhu, Jing Bo Jin
SIZ1 is a small ubiquitin-related modifier (SUMO) E3 ligase that mediates post-translational SUMO modification of target proteins and thereby regulates developmental processes and hormonal and environmental stress responses in Arabidopsis. However, the role of SUMO E3 ligases in crop plants is largely unknown. Here, we identified and characterized two Glycine max (soybean) SUMO E3 ligases, GmSIZ1a and GmSIZ1b. Expression of GmSIZ1a and GmSIZ1b was induced in response to salicylic acid (SA), heat, and dehydration treatment, but not in response to cold, ABA, and NaCl treatment...
October 20, 2016: Journal of Integrative Plant Biology
G Sulis, S Gnanou, A Roggi, A Konseimbo, P F Giorgetti, F Castelli, A Matteelli
Tuberculosis (TB) is a leading cause of death among women of childbearing age, and may be responsible for severe complications during pregnancy. Between August 2014 and March 2015, we conducted a pilot project to promote active TB case finding in antenatal care (ANC) clinics in the Central Region of Burkina Faso. Our results show very limited TB diagnostic practices and possible severe underdiagnosis of TB at ANC clinics, despite adequate screening practices. Integration of training and supervision of TB diagnosis and treatment into ANC services is required...
October 2016: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
Rich Boden, Lee P Hutt, Marcel Huntemann, Alicia Clum, Manoj Pillay, Krishnaveni Palaniappan, Neha Varghese, Natalia Mikhailova, Dimitrios Stamatis, Tatiparthi Reddy, Chew Yee Ngan, Chris Daum, Nicole Shapiro, Victor Markowitz, Natalia Ivanova, Tanja Woyke, Nikos Kyrpides
Thermithiobacillus tepidarius DSM 3134(T) was originally isolated (1983) from the waters of a sulfidic spring entering the Roman Baths (Temple of Sulis-Minerva) at Bath, United Kingdom and is an obligate chemolithoautotroph growing at the expense of reduced sulfur species. This strain has a genome size of 2,958,498 bp. Here we report the genome sequence, annotation and characteristics. The genome comprises 2,902 protein coding and 66 RNA coding genes. Genes responsible for the transaldolase variant of the Calvin-Benson-Bassham cycle were identified along with a biosynthetic horseshoe in lieu of Krebs' cycle sensu stricto...
2016: Standards in Genomic Sciences
Taylor Wingo, Tanseli Nesil, Sulie L Chang, Ming D Li
BACKGROUND: Novelty-seeking behavior is related to the reward system in the brain and can predict the potential for addiction. Alcohol use is prevalent in HIV-1-infected patients and adversely affects antiretroviral medication. The difference in vulnerability to alcohol addiction between HIV-1-infected and noninfected populations has not been fully investigated. This study was designed to determine whether HIV-1 proteins alter the effects of ethanol (EtOH) on novelty-seeking behavior using the HIV-1 transgenic (HIV-1Tg) rat as the study model and to examine the molecular mechanisms responsible for this behavior...
October 2016: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
N J Bravo-Valenzuela, P Zielinsky, J Zurita-Peralta, G L Acacio, N Miranda Sulis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
Shuai Zhang, Hai-Liang Song, Xiao-Li Yang, Ke-Yun Yang, Xiao-Yang Wang
Three-dimensional biofilm-electrode reactors (3D-BERs), which possess a large effective area to drive the reductive degradation of contaminants, have recently attracted attention for wastewater treatment. There have been few studies of the potential and risks of the application of this system on the removal of antibiotics. Here four 3D-BERs were designed to initially assess the potential for electrical stimulation to remove sulfamethoxazole (SMX), tetracycline (TC) and chemical oxygen demand, and to study the fate of the corresponding antibiotic resistance genes...
December 2016: Chemosphere
Tingting Lv, Yunhui Du, Ning Cao, Suli Zhang, Yulin Gong, Yan Bai, Wen Wang, Huirong Liu
Chronic sustained stimulation of β-adrenoceptor is closely related to cardiac fibrosis which is bad for cardiac function. Growing evidence showed that the high prevalence of β1-adrenoceptor autoantibody (β1-AA) in the sera of patients with various types of cardiovascular diseases decreased cardiac function. In the current study, we demonstrated that β1-AA impaired the cardiac function evaluated by echocardiography and that β1-AA triggered cardiac fibrosis in terms of increased expression of α-smooth muscle actin as the marker of myofibroblast and collagen deposition in a passive β1-AA immunized mice model during 16 weeks...
2016: Scientific Reports
Dragan Subotic, Piotr Yablonskiy, Giorgia Sulis, Ioan Cordos, Danail Petrov, Rosella Centis, Lia D'Ambrosio, Giovanni Sotgiu, Giovanni Battista Migliori
Tuberculosis (TB) is still a major public health concern, mostly affecting resource-constrained settings and marginalized populations. The fight against the disease is hindered by the growing emergence of drug-resistant forms whose management can be rather challenging. Surgery may play an important role to support diagnosis and treatment of the most complex cases and improve their therapeutic outcome. We conducted a non-systematic review of the literature based on relevant keywords through PubMed database. Papers in English and Russian were included...
July 2016: Journal of Thoracic Disease
Fang Zhou, Xiaoling Jia, Yang Yang, Qingmao Yang, Chao Gao, Suli Hu, Yunhui Zhao, Yubo Fan, Xiaoyan Yuan
UNLABELLED: As manipulation of gene expression by virtue of microRNAs (miRNAs) is one of the emerging strategies for cardiovascular disease remedy, local delivery of miRNAs to a specific vascular tissue is challenging. In this work, we developed an efficient delivery system composed of electrospun fibrous membranes and target carriers for the intracellular delivery of miRNA-126 (miR-126) to vascular endothelial cells (VECs) in the local specific vascular environment. A bilayer vascular scaffold was specially prepared via emulsion electrospinning of poly(ethylene glycol)-b-poly(l-lactide-co-ε-caprolactone) (PELCL) and dual-power electrospinning of poly(ε-caprolactone) (PCL) and gelatin...
October 1, 2016: Acta Biomaterialia
Heyang Yuan, Jennifer H Miller, Ibrahim M Abu-Reesh, Amy Pruden, Zhen He
Anaerobic biotechnologies can effectively remove antibiotic resistant bacteria (ARB) and antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs), but there is a need to better understand the mechanisms. Here we employ bioelectrochemical systems (BES) as a platform to investigate the fate of a native tetracycline and sulfonamide-resistant Escherichia coli strain and its ARGs. The E. coli strain carrying intI1, sulI and tet(E) was isolated from domestic wastewater and dosed into a tubular BES. The BES was first operated as a microbial fuel cell (MFC), with aeration in the cathode, which resulted in enhanced removal of E...
November 1, 2016: Science of the Total Environment
Pietro Artoni, Silvia Landi, Sebastian Sulis Sato, Stefano Luin, Gian Michele Ratto
Two-photon excitation spectroscopy is a powerful technique for the characterization of the optical properties of genetically encoded and synthetic fluorescent molecules. Excitation spectroscopy requires tuning the wavelength of the Ti:sapphire laser while carefully monitoring the delivered power. To assist laser tuning and the control of delivered power, we developed an Arduino Due based tool for the automatic acquisition of high quality spectra. This tool is portable, fast, affordable and precise. It allowed studying the impact of scattering and of blood absorption on two-photon excitation light...
April 1, 2016: Biomedical Optics Express
Suli Wu, Xiaoqian Sun, Jiacheng Zhu, Jie Chang, Shufen Zhang
Upconversion nanoparticles (UCNPs) hold promise as near-infrared light converters to enhance the efficiency of solar cells. However, the prevalent use of UCNPs in solar cells is restricted by their poor electrical conductivity and low emission efficiency. Here reduced graphene oxide (rGO)-NaYF4:Yb(3+)/Er(3+) composites are proposed to achieve good electrical conductivity due to the high charge carrier mobility of rGO. Composites of rGO and UCNPs combined by a chemical bond are in situ synthesized by the hydrothermal method, followed by a reduction process...
August 26, 2016: Nanotechnology
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