keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Mass casualty event

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280344/crash-simulation-an-immersive-learning-model
#1
John Wenham, Paul Bennett, Wendy Gleeson
BACKGROUND: Far West New South Wales Local Emergency Management Committee runs an annual crash simulation exercise to assess the operational readiness of all local emergency services to coordinate and manage a multi-casualty exercise. CONTEXT: Since 2009, the Broken Hill University Department of Rural Health (BHUDRH) has collaborated with the committee, enabling the inclusion of health students in this exercise. It is an immersive interprofessional learning experience that evaluates teamwork, communication and safe effective clinical trauma management outside the hospital setting...
December 26, 2017: Clinical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29258727/the-role-of-preliminary-hospitals-in-the-management-of-a-mass-burn-casualty-disaster
#2
Ling-Wei Kuo, Cheng-I Yen, Chih-Yuan Fu, Chun-Hao Pan, Chih-Po Hsu, Yen-Chang Hsiao, Chi-Hsun Hsieh, Yu-Pao Hsu
PURPOSE: The Formosa Fun Coast explosion is an internationally-known event that occurred in Taiwan on June 27th, 2015. The blast involved 495 casualties in total, with 253 patients receiving 2nd degree or deeper burns on greater than 40% of the total body surface area (TBSA). Questions were raised regarding whether these victims were sent to the appropriate hospitals or not. Therefore, we analyzed the effect of the initial admission destination in this study. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed all of the victims from the explosion who were sent to the emergency department of Linkou and Keelung Chang Gung Memorial Hospitals...
December 16, 2017: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198239/medical-response-to-the-tianjin-explosions-lessons-learned
#3
Jin-Jun Zhang, Tian-Bing Wang, Da Fan, Jun Zhang, Bao-Guo Jiang
BACKGROUND: On August 12, 2015, a hazardous chemical explosion occurred in the Tianjin Port of China. The explosions resulted in 165 deaths, 8 missing people, injuries to thousands of people. We present the responses of emergency medical services and hospitals to the explosions and summarize the lessons that can be learned. METHODS: This study was a retrospective analysis of the responses of emergency medical services and hospitals to the Tianjin explosions. Data on injuries, outcomes, and patient flow were obtained from the government and the hospitals...
December 4, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197316/developing-a-mass-casualty-surge-capacity-protocol-for-emergency-medical-services-to-use-for-patient-distribution
#4
Samuel E Shartar, Brooks L Moore, Lori M Wood
OBJECTIVES: Metropolitan areas must be prepared to manage large numbers of casualties related to a major incident. Most US cities do not have adequate trauma center capacity to manage large-scale mass casualty incidents (MCIs). Creating surge capacity requires the distribution of casualties to hospitals that are not designated as trauma centers. Our objectives were to extrapolate MCI response research into operational objectives for MCI distribution plan development; formulate a patient distribution model based on research, hospital capacities, and resource availability; and design and disseminate a casualty distribution tool for use by emergency medical services (EMS) personnel to distribute patients to the appropriate level of care...
December 2017: Southern Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189694/committee-opinion-no-726-hospital-disaster-preparedness-for-obstetricians-and-facilities-providing-maternity-care
#5
(no author information available yet)
Large-scale catastrophic events and infectious disease outbreaks highlight the need for disaster planning at all community levels. Features unique to the obstetric population (including antepartum, intrapartum, postpartum and neonatal care) warrant special consideration in the event of a disaster. Pregnancy increases the risks of untoward outcomes from various infectious diseases. Trauma during pregnancy presents anatomic and physiologic considerations that often can require increased use of resources such as higher rates of cesarean delivery...
December 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189692/committee-opinion-no-726-summary-hospital-disaster-preparedness-for-obstetricians-and-facilities-providing-maternity-care
#6
(no author information available yet)
Large-scale catastrophic events and infectious disease outbreaks highlight the need for disaster planning at all community levels. Features unique to the obstetric population (including antepartum, intrapartum, postpartum and neonatal care) warrant special consideration in the event of a disaster. Pregnancy increases the risks of untoward outcomes from various infectious diseases. Trauma during pregnancy presents anatomic and physiologic considerations that often can require increased use of resources such as higher rates of cesarean delivery...
December 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29170304/7%C3%A2-mass-casualty-incidents-a-review-of-triage-severity-planning-assumptions
#7
Paul Hunt
BACKGROUND: Recent events involving a significant number of casualties have emphasised the importance of appropriate preparation for receiving hospitals, especially Emergency Departments, during the initial response phase of a major incident. Development of a mass casualty resilience and response framework in the Northern Trauma Network included a review of existing planning assumptions in order to ensure effective resource allocation, both in local receiving hospitals and system-wide...
December 2017: Emergency Medicine Journal: EMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101834/mass-casualty-education-for-undergraduate-nursing-students-in-australia
#8
Jane Currie, Sarah Kourouche, Christopher Gordon, Christine Jorm, Sandra West
With the increasing risk of mass casualty incidents from extreme climate events, global terrorism, pandemics and nuclear incidents, it's important to prepare nurses with skills and knowledge necessary to manage such incidents. There are very few documented accounts of the inclusion of mass casualty education within undergraduate nursing programs. This paper is the first to describe undergraduate mass casualty nursing education in Australia. A final year Bachelor of Nursing undergraduate subject was developed...
October 28, 2017: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29070605/lessons-in-planning-from-mass-casualty-events-in-uk
#9
EDITORIAL
Christopher G Moran, Catherine Webb, Karim Brohi, Martin Smith, Keith Willett
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 25, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29041994/hospital-surge-capacity-a-web-based-simulation-tool-for-emergency-planners
#10
Matthew F Toerper, Gabor D Kelen, Lauren M Sauer, Jamil D Bayram, Christina Catlett, Scott Levin
The National Center for the Study of Preparedness and Catastrophic Event Response (PACER) has created a publicly available simulation tool called Surge (accessible at http://www.pacerapps.org) to estimate surge capacity for user-defined hospitals. Based on user input, a Monte Carlo simulation algorithm forecasts available hospital bed capacity over a 7-day period and iteratively assesses the ability to accommodate disaster patients. Currently, the tool can simulate bed capacity for acute mass casualty events (such as explosions) only and does not specifically simulate staff and supply inventory...
October 18, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994363/mass-casualty-triage-in-the-case-of-carbon-monoxide-poisoning-lessons-learned
#11
Mathieu Pasquier, Fabrice Dami, Pierre-Nicolas Carron, Bertrand Yersin, Rodrigue Pignel, Olivier Hugli
Carbon monoxide (CO) can cause mass intoxication, but no standard triage algorithm specifically addresses CO poisoning. The roles of some recent diagnostic tools in triage as well as treatment with hyperbaric oxygen are controversial. We describe a mass casualty case of CO poisoning involving 77 patients, with a focus on the triage and treatment options decided on-site. The reasons for choosing these options are reviewed, and the pitfalls that occurred and the lessons learned from this major incident are described...
October 10, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929984/developing-a-hospital-disaster-preparedness-plan-for-mass-casualty-incidents-lessons-learned-from-the-downtown-beirut-bombing
#12
Mazen El Sayed, Ali F Chami, Eveline Hitti
Mass casualty incidents (MCIs) are becoming more frequent worldwide, especially in the Middle East where violence in Syria has spilled over to many neighboring countries. Lebanon lacks a coordinated prehospital response system to deal with MCIs; therefore, hospital preparedness plans are essential to deal with the surge of casualties. This report describes our experience in dealing with an MCI involving a car bomb in an urban area of downtown Beirut, Lebanon. It uses general response principles to propose a simplified response model for hospitals to use during MCIs...
September 20, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925344/prehospital-response-time-delays-for-emergency-patients-in-events-of-concurrent-mass-casualty-incidents
#13
Jungeun Kim, Chu Hyun Kim, Sang Do Shin, Ju Ok Park
OBJECTIVE: We investigated the extent of delays in the response time of emergency medical services (EMS) as an impact of mass casualty incidences (MCIs) in the same area. METHODS: We defined an MCI case as an event that resulted in 6 or more patients being transported by EMS, and prehospital response time as the time from the call to arrival at the scene. We matched patients before and after MCIs by dividing them into categories of 3 hours before, 0-1 hour after, 1-2 hours after, and 2-3 hours after the MCIs...
September 19, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892030/expedited-radiation-biodosimetry-by-automated-dicentric-chromosome-identification-adci-and-dose-estimation
#14
Ben Shirley, Yanxin Li, Joan H M Knoll, Peter K Rogan
Biological radiation dose can be estimated from dicentric chromosome frequencies in metaphase cells. Performing these cytogenetic dicentric chromosome assays is traditionally a manual, labor-intensive process not well suited to handle the volume of samples which may require examination in the wake of a mass casualty event. Automated Dicentric Chromosome Identifier and Dose Estimator (ADCI) software automates this process by examining sets of metaphase images using machine learning-based image processing techniques...
September 4, 2017: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891209/blood-component-transfusions-in-mass-casualty-events
#15
G Ramsey
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Planning transfusion needs in mass casualty events (MCE) is critical for disaster preparedness. Published data on blood component usage were analysed to seek correlative factors and usage rates. MATERIALS AND METHODS: English-language medical publications since 1980 were searched for MCEs with numbers of patient admissions and transfused RBCs. Reports were excluded from natural disasters or with total RBC use <50 units. Statistical analysis employed Mann-Whitney U-tests and Spearman's rank correlations...
October 2017: Vox Sanguinis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28831947/an-inter-regional-us-blood-supply-simulation-model-to-evaluate-blood-availability-to-support-planning-for-emergency-preparedness-and-medical-countermeasures
#16
Arianna Simonetti, Hussein Ezzeldin, Mark Walderhaug, Steven A Anderson, Richard A Forshee
OBJECTIVES: Planning for a response to threats like pandemics or mass casualty events is a national priority. The US blood supply system can be particularly vulnerable to such events. It is important to understand the impacts of emergency situations on blood availability and the resiliency of the US blood supply system. METHODS: On the basis of the Stock-and-Flow simulation model of the US blood supply system, we developed an inter-regional blood transfer system representing the action of multiple blood collectors and distributors to enable effective planning of strategies to minimize collection and donation disruptions to the blood supply system in the event of a national emergency...
August 23, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822211/healthcare-students-interprofessional-critical-event-disaster-response-course
#17
Tae Eung Kim, Tamara Shankel, Ellen T Reibling, Jacqueline Paik, Dolores Wright, Michelle Buckman, Kathi Wild, Ehren Ngo, Alireza Hayatshahi, Lee H Nguyen, T Kent Denmark, Tamara L Thomas
OBJECTIVE: Numerous disasters confirm the need for critical event training in healthcare professions. However, no single discipline works in isolation and interprofessional learning is recognized as a necessary component. An interprofessional faculty group designed a learning curriculum crossing professional schools. DESIGN: Faculty members from four healthcare schools within the university (nursing, pharmacy, allied health, and medicine) developed an interdisciplinary course merging both published cross-cutting competencies for critical event response and interprofessional education competencies...
2017: American Journal of Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805550/moving-toward-a-universal-digital-era-in-mass-casualty-incidents-and-disasters-emergency-personnel-s-perspective-in-romania
#18
Adrian Stănescu, Peter Eliot Gordon, Sanda Maria Copotoiu, Cristian Marius Boeriu
BACKGROUND: Despite a recognized need for improved communications and logistics in high acuity situations, the integration of telemedicine services into the mainstream health services has been difficult. This study reports on the opinions of Romanian professional responders to mass casualty incidents and disasters regarding the use and requirements of specific electronic medical documentation solutions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Doctors, nurses, paramedics, and fire department officers participated in a customized online structured questionnaire...
August 14, 2017: Telemedicine Journal and E-health: the Official Journal of the American Telemedicine Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794799/recommendations-for-action-a-community-meeting-in-preparation-for-a-mass-casualty-opioid-overdose-event-in-southeastern-ontario
#19
Kieran Michael Moore, Nicholas Papadomanolakis-Pakis, Adrienne Hansen-Taugher, Tianxiu H Guan, Brian Schwartz, Paula Stewart, Pamela Leece, Richard Bochenek
Given the steady rise of overdose morbidity and mortality in North America, and increasing frequency of sudden clusters of non-fatal and fatal overdoses in other jurisdictions, regional preparedness plans to respond effectively to clusters of overdoses may reduce the impact of such events on the population. On the 27th of February 2017 in Kingston, Ontario, KFL&A Public Health, in collaboration with public health partners, hosted a full-day workshop involving table-top exercises and discussions for service partners on how to prepare for, respond to, and manage a mass-casualty event secondary to opioid overdose in Southeastern Ontario...
2017: BMC Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28781134/psychological-effect-of-a-mass-casualty-event-on-general-surgery-residents
#20
William S Havron, Karen Safcsak, Joshua Corsa, Andrew Loudon, Michael L Cheatham
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the psychological effect of a mass casualty shooting event on general surgery residents. DESIGN: Three and 7 months following the Pulse nightclub mass casualty shooting, the mental well-being of general surgery residents employed at the receiving institution was evaluated. A voluntary and anonymous screening questionnaire for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and major depression (MD) was administered. Responses were stratified into 2 groups; residents who worked (ON-CALL) and residents who did not work (OFF-CALL) the night of the event...
November 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
keyword
keyword
47357
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"