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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908689/pcsk9-genetic-variants-and-risk-of-type-2-diabetes-a-mendelian-randomisation-study
#1
Amand F Schmidt, Daniel I Swerdlow, Michael V Holmes, Riyaz S Patel, Zammy Fairhurst-Hunter, Donald M Lyall, Fernando Pires Hartwig, Bernardo Lessa Horta, Elina Hyppönen, Christine Power, Max Moldovan, Erik van Iperen, G Kees Hovingh, Ilja Demuth, Kristina Norman, Elisabeth Steinhagen-Thiessen, Juri Demuth, Lars Bertram, Tian Liu, Stefan Coassin, Johann Willeit, Stefan Kiechl, Karin Willeit, Dan Mason, John Wright, Richard Morris, Goya Wanamethee, Peter Whincup, Yoav Ben-Shlomo, Stela McLachlan, Jackie F Price, Mika Kivimaki, Catherine Welch, Adelaida Sanchez-Galvez, Pedro Marques-Vidal, Andrew Nicolaides, Andrie G Panayiotou, N Charlotte Onland-Moret, Yvonne T van der Schouw, Giuseppe Matullo, Giovanni Fiorito, Simonetta Guarrera, Carlotta Sacerdote, Nicholas J Wareham, Claudia Langenberg, Robert Scott, Jian'an Luan, Martin Bobak, Sofia Malyutina, Andrzej Pająk, Ruzena Kubinova, Abdonas Tamosiunas, Hynek Pikhart, Lise Lotte Nystrup Husemoen, Niels Grarup, Oluf Pedersen, Torben Hansen, Allan Linneberg, Kenneth Starup Simonsen, Jackie Cooper, Steve E Humphries, Murray Brilliant, Terrie Kitchner, Hakon Hakonarson, David S Carrell, Catherine A McCarty, H Lester Kirchner, Eric B Larson, David R Crosslin, Mariza de Andrade, Dan M Roden, Joshua C Denny, Cara Carty, Stephen Hancock, John Attia, Elizabeth Holliday, Martin O' Donnell, Salim Yusuf, Michael Chong, Guillaume Pare, Pim van der Harst, M Abdullah Said, Ruben N Eppinga, Niek Verweij, Harold Snieder, Tim Christen, Dennis O Mook-Kanamori, Stefan Gustafsson, Lars Lind, Erik Ingelsson, Raha Pazoki, Oscar Franco, Albert Hofman, Andre Uitterlinden, Abbas Dehghan, Alexander Teumer, Sebastian Baumeister, Marcus Dörr, Markus M Lerch, Uwe Völker, Henry Völzke, Joey Ward, Jill P Pell, Daniel J Smith, Tom Meade, Anke H Maitland-van der Zee, Ekaterina V Baranova, Robin Young, Ian Ford, Archie Campbell, Sandosh Padmanabhan, Michiel L Bots, Diederick E Grobbee, Philippe Froguel, Dorothée Thuillier, Beverley Balkau, Amélie Bonnefond, Bertrand Cariou, Melissa Smart, Yanchun Bao, Meena Kumari, Anubha Mahajan, Paul M Ridker, Daniel I Chasman, Alex P Reiner, Leslie A Lange, Marylyn D Ritchie, Folkert W Asselbergs, Juan-Pablo Casas, Brendan J Keating, David Preiss, Aroon D Hingorani, Naveed Sattar
BACKGROUND: Statin treatment and variants in the gene encoding HMG-CoA reductase are associated with reductions in both the concentration of LDL cholesterol and the risk of coronary heart disease, but also with modest hyperglycaemia, increased bodyweight, and modestly increased risk of type 2 diabetes, which in no way offsets their substantial benefits. We sought to investigate the associations of LDL cholesterol-lowering PCSK9 variants with type 2 diabetes and related biomarkers to gauge the likely effects of PCSK9 inhibitors on diabetes risk...
November 28, 2016: Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894787/safety-and-efficacy-of-liraglutide-treatment-in-japanese-type-2-diabetes-patients-after-acute-myocardial-infarction-a-non-randomized-interventional-pilot-trial
#2
Masataka Kajiwara, Atsushi Tanaka, Tomohiro Kawasaki, Koichi Nakao, Tomohiro Sakamoto, Shigeru Toyoda, Teruo Inoue, Nobuhiko Koga, Koichi Node
BACKGROUND: Glucagon-like peptide 1 analogs are expected to exert a cardio-protective action due to their effective glucose-lowering action and favorable potency on multifactorial metabolic pathways. However, the safety and tolerability of liraglutide treatment after a recent acute coronary syndrome (ACS) in Japanese patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) have yet to be fully established. METHODS: A total of eight T2DM patients were recruited within 2 weeks after the onset of a ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) followed by successful percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI)...
November 25, 2016: Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27810687/relationship-between-daily-and-day-to-day-glycemic-variability-and-increased-oxidative-stress-in-type-2-diabetes
#3
Makoto Ohara, Tomoyasu Fukui, Motoshi Ouchi, Kentaro Watanabe, Tatsuya Suzuki, Saki Yamamoto, Takeshi Yamamoto, Toshiyuki Hayashi, Kenzo Oba, Tsutomu Hirano
AIMS: To determine the association of daily and day-to-day glucose variability with oxidative stress. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional analysis of 68 patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) over 72h of continuous glucose monitoring. Fasting plasma glucose (FPG) and hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) were measured before breakfast on day 1. Glucose variability, mean glucose level (MGL), mean amplitude of glycemic excursions (MAGE), mean of daily differences (MODD) in glucose levels and area under the postprandial plasma glucose curve (AUCPP) were measured on days 2 and 3...
October 14, 2016: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27764721/type-1-diabetes-in-older-adults-comparing-treatments-and-chronic-complications-in-the-united-states-t1d-exchange-and-the-german-austrian-dpv-registries
#4
Ruth S Weinstock, Ingrid Schütz-Fuhrmann, Crystal G Connor, Julia M Hermann, David M Maahs, Morten Schütt, Shivani Agarwal, Sabine E Hofer, Roy W Beck, Reinhard W Holl
AIMS: Compare characteristics, therapies and clinical outcomes in older adults with type 1 diabetes in the United States T1D Exchange (T1DX) and German/Austrian Diabetes Patienten Verlaufsdokumentation (DPV) registries. METHODS: Cross-sectional study of adults ≥60years old with type 1 diabetes seen in 2011-2012 in the T1DX (n=1283) and DPV (n=2014) registries. Wilcoxon rank-sum test was used for continuous variables and chi-square test for categorical variables...
October 4, 2016: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27733159/moderate-intensity-statin-therapy-seems-ineffective-in-primary-cardiovascular-prevention-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-complicated-by-nephropathy-a-multicenter-prospective-8%C3%A2-years-follow-up-study
#5
Ferdinando Carlo Sasso, Nadia Lascar, Antonella Ascione, Ornella Carbonara, Luca De Nicola, Roberto Minutolo, Teresa Salvatore, Maria Rosaria Rizzo, Plinio Cirillo, Giuseppe Paolisso, Raffaele Marfella
BACKGROUND: Although numerous studies and metanalysis have shown the beneficial effect of statin therapy in CVD secondary prevention, there is still controversy such the use of statins for primary CVD prevention in patients with DM. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the occurrence of total major adverse cardio-vascular events (MACE) in a cohort of patients with type 2 diabetes complicated by nephropathy treated with statins, in order to verify real life effect of statin on CVD primary prevention...
October 13, 2016: Cardiovascular Diabetology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27729086/low-and-exacerbated-levels-of-1-5-anhydroglucitol-are-associated-with-cardiovascular-events-in-patients-after-first-time-elective-percutaneous-coronary-intervention
#6
Shuhei Takahashi, Kazunori Shimada, Katsumi Miyauchi, Tetsuro Miyazaki, Eiryu Sai, Manabu Ogita, Shuta Tsuboi, Hiroshi Tamura, Shinya Okazaki, Tomoyuki Shiozawa, Shohei Ouchi, Tatsuro Aikawa, Tomoyasu Kadoguchi, Hamad Al Shahi, Takuma Yoshihara, Makoto Hiki, Kikuo Isoda, Hiroyuki Daida
BACKGROUND: Postprandial hyperglycemia plays an important role in the pathogenesis of coronary artery disease and cardiovascular events. Serum 1,5-anhydroglucitol (1,5-AG) levels are known to be a clinical marker of postprandial hyperglycemia. However, the impact of 1,5-AG level on cardiovascular events has not been fully investigated. METHODS: We enrolled 240 consecutive patients who had undergone first-time elective percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with follow-up angiography within 1 year...
October 11, 2016: Cardiovascular Diabetology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27706207/adiponectin-fractions-influence-the-development-of-posttransplant-diabetes-mellitus-and-cardiovascular-disease-in-japanese-renal-transplant-recipients
#7
Hiroki Adachi, Kanae Nakayama, Norifumi Hayashi, Yuki Matsui, Keiji Fujimoto, Hideki Yamaya, Hisao Tonami, Hitoshi Yokoyama
BACKGROUND: A few studies have investigated the role of adiponectin fraction for cardiovascular disease (CVD) in RTx recipients. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: We studied 57 adult subjects (39 males, 18 females; 10 cadaveric donors) with at least three years of allograft survival (median 251 months). We examined clinical backgrounds such as treated drugs, blood pressure (BP, mmHg), body mass index (BMI), and blood chemistry including cholesterol (total, LDL-C, HDL-C), glucose, glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c), and serum high and low-molecular-weight (HMW/LMW) ADPN fractions with regard to the associations of the visceral and subcutaneous fat areas on CT scan...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27676466/effects-of-longitudinal-glucose-exposure-on-cognitive-and-physical-function-results-from-the-action-for-health-in-diabetes-movement-and-memory-study
#8
Kristen M Beavers, Iris Leng, Stephen R Rapp, Michael E Miller, Denise K Houston, Anthony P Marsh, Don G Hire, Laura D Baker, George A Bray, George L Blackburn, Andrea L Hergenroeder, John M Jakicic, Karen C Johnson, Mary T Korytkowski, Brent Van Dorsten, Stephen B Kritchevsky
OBJECTIVES: To test whether average long-term glucose exposure is associated with cognitive and physical function in middle-aged and younger-old adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: Data obtained as part of the Action for Health in Diabetes (Look AHEAD) trial (NCT00017953) and Look AHEAD Movement and Memory ancillary study (NCT01410097). PARTICIPANTS: Overweight and obese individuals with type 2 diabetes mellitus aged 45 to 76 at baseline (N = 879)...
September 27, 2016: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27615667/adiposity-is-inversely-associated-with-hippocampal-volume-in-african-americans-and-european-americans-with-diabetes
#9
Fang-Chi Hsu, Mingxia Yuan, Donald W Bowden, Jianzhao Xu, S Carrie Smith, Lynne E Wagenknecht, Carl D Langefeld, Jasmin Divers, Thomas C Register, J Jeffrey Carr, Jeff D Williamson, Kaycee M Sink, Joseph A Maldjian, Barry I Freedman
AIMS: To assess associations between body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC), and computed tomography-determined volumes of pericardial, visceral, and subcutaneous adipose tissue with magnetic resonance imaging-(MRI) based cerebral structure and cognitive performance in individuals with type 2 diabetes (T2D). METHODS: This study was performed in 348 African Americans (AAs) and 256 European Americans (EAs) with T2D. Associations between adiposity measures with cerebral volumes of white matter (WMV), gray matter (GMV), white matter lesions, hippocampal GMV, and hippocampal WMV, cognitive performance and depression were examined using marginal models incorporating generalized estimating equations...
November 2016: Journal of Diabetes and its Complications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27590661/statin-induced-improvements-in-vulnerable-plaques-are-attenuated-in-poorly-controlled-diabetic-patients-with-coronary-atherosclerosis-disease-a-serial-optical-coherence-tomography-analysis
#10
Nana Dong, Zulong Xie, Jiannan Dai, Wei Wang, Rong Sun, Yefei Zhan, Meng Sun, Jinwei Tian, Bo Yu
AIMS: The incidence of cardiac events is increased in diabetic patients even after lipid-lowering therapy. This study aimed to compare the statin-induced changes in the characteristics of vulnerable plaques in patients without diabetes mellitus (DM) and in those with better- or poorly controlled DM, measured by optical coherence tomography (OCT). METHODS: This was a retrospective study of 99 non-culprit lipid-rich plaques from 75 patients who underwent intensive OCT imaging examination...
September 2, 2016: Acta Diabetologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27568669/relationship-between-dyslipidaemia-and-glycaemic-status-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#11
S C Thambiah, I N Samsudin, E George, S Y Zahari Sham, H M Lee, M A Muhamad, Z Hussei, N Mohd Noor, M Mohamad
The risk of coronary heart disease (CHD) is dramatically increased in diabetic patients due to their atherogenic lipid profile. The severity of CHD in diabetic patients has been found to be directly associated with glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c). According to the Malaysian Clinical Practice Guidelines on diabetes mellitus (DM), HbA1c level less than 6.5% reduces the risk of microvascular and macrovascular complications. Hence, this study aimed to determine the relationship between dyslipidaemia and glycaemic status in patients with type 2 DM (T2DM) patients in Hospital Putrajaya, a tertiary endocrine centre in Malaysia...
August 2016: Malaysian Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27540959/vitamin-d-levels-and-high-residual-platelet-reactivity-in-patients-receiving-dual-antiplatelet-therapy-with-clopidogrel-or-ticagrelor
#12
Monica Verdoia, Patrizia Pergolini, Roberta Rolla, Chiara Sartori, Matteo Nardin, Alon Schaffer, Lucia Barbieri, Veronica Daffara, Paolo Marino, Giorgio Bellomo, Harry Suryapranata, Giuseppe De Luca
Suboptimal platelet inhibition still represents an important challenge, especially for patients undergoing percutaneous coronary interventions (PCIs). However, very few are known so far on the predictors of high-residual platelet reactivity (HRPR) despite antiplatelet strategies. Increasing attention has been paid in the last years to the role of vitamin D in atherothrombosis. Therefore, the aim of our study was to evaluate the impact of vitamin D levels on platelet function in patients treated with dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT)...
September 2016: Platelets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27525366/lower-and-higher-potency-statins-on-glycemic-control-in-type-2-diabetes-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#13
Gianluca Bardini, Stefano Giannini, Carlo Maria Rotella, Laura Pala, Barbara Cresci, Edoardo Mannucci
AIMS: Evidences showed a link between statins and new-onset diabetes and large clinical trials in type 2 diabetes (T2DM) suggested a mild glycemic progression in statin treated. Since this effect has not yet elucidated in real world, we investigated the effects of different statins on glycemia in T2DM clinic outpatients. METHODS: In a retrospective cohort study, we recorded at 6 and 12months modifications of fasting glucose (FPG), HbA1c, diabetes intensification therapy and target rate for HbA1c in 421 T2DM non-users and new statin users...
October 2016: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27488607/statins-worsen-glycemic-control-of-t2dm-in-target-ldl-c-level-and-ldl-c-reduction-dependent-manners-a-meta-analysis
#14
Rongrong Cai, Yang Yuan, Jie Sun, Wenqing Xia, Rong Huang, Sai Tian, Xue Dong, Yanjue Shen, Shaohua Wang
OBJECTIVE: Recent studies demonstrated that a low target low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-c) level, high LDL-c reduction and high dose of statin therapy increased incident diabetes. This study aimed to explore how statin therapy influences glycemic control in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). METHODS: Medline, Embase, and Cochrane Central were searched for randomized control trials inT2DM. Trials with target LDL-c levels of ≤2.6 mmol/L or LDL-c reduction of ≥30% were analyzed...
October 2016: Expert Opinion on Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27460890/no-effect-of-pcsk9-inhibitor-alirocumab-on-the-incidence-of-diabetes-in-a-pooled-analysis-from-10-odyssey-phase-3-studies
#15
Helen M Colhoun, Henry N Ginsberg, Jennifer G Robinson, Lawrence A Leiter, Dirk Müller-Wieland, Robert R Henry, Bertrand Cariou, Marie T Baccara-Dinet, Robert Pordy, Laurence Merlet, Robert H Eckel
AIMS: Statins have modest adverse effects on glycaemic control. Alirocumab, a proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 inhibitor, lowers low-density lipoprotein cholesterol. This study assessed the effects of alirocumab on new-onset diabetes and pre-diabetes incidence in individuals without diabetes at baseline. METHODS AND RESULTS: Pooled analysis of 10 ODYSSEY Phase 3 trials (n = 4974) of 24-104 weeks duration. Six trials (n = 4211) were ≥52 weeks in length...
July 26, 2016: European Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27440953/is-the-peripheral-arterial-disease-in-low-risk-type-2-diabetic-patients-influenced-by-body-mass-index-lipidemic-control-and-statins
#16
Jayesh Dalpatbhai Solanki, Amit H Makwana, Hemant B Mehta, Pradnya A Gokhale, Chinmay J Shah
OBJECTIVE: To correlate BMI, lipidemic control, and statin therapy with PAD measured by ABI in low risk type 2 diabetics. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A sample of 101 nonsmoking, asymptomatic type 2 diabetics (50 males, 51 females) with known glycemic (fasting blood sugar, postprandial blood sugar, glycosylated hemoglobin) and lipidemic (total cholesterol, lipoproteins, and triglycerides [TGAs]) control was taken. Vascular Doppler was used to derive ABI and PAD was defined as ABI <0...
April 2016: Journal of Pharmacology & Pharmacotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27403913/the-relationship-between-metformin-and-serum-prostate-specific-antigen-levels
#17
Viranda H Jayalath, Christopher Ireland, Neil E Fleshner, Robert J Hamilton, David J A Jenkins
BACKGROUND: Metformin is the first-line oral antihyperglycemic of choice for individuals with type 2 diabetes. Recent evidence supports a role for metformin in prostate cancer chemoprotection. However, whether metformin indeed influences prostate biology is unknown. We aimed to study the association between metformin and serum prostate-specific antigen (PSA) levels-the primary prostate cancer biomarker. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study of 326 prostate cancer-free men with type 2 diabetes were recruited between 2004 and 2013 at St...
November 2016: Prostate
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27356020/relationships-between-measures-of-adiposity-with-subclinical-atherosclerosis-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes
#18
Mingxia Yuan, Fang-Chi Hsu, Donald W Bowden, Jianzhao Xu, S Carrie Smith, Lynne E Wagenknecht, Mary E Comeau, Jasmin Divers, Thomas C Register, J Jeffrey Carr, Carl D Langefeld, Barry I Freedman
OBJECTIVE: Assess cross-sectional relationships between body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC), pericardial (PAT), visceral (VAT), and subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT) volumes with calcified plaque (CP) in African Americans (AAs) and European Americans (EAs) with type 2 diabetes. METHODS: Computed tomography measured PAT, VAT, SAT, and CP in coronary arteries (CAC), carotid arteries, and aorta. Generalized estimating equations models were fitted to test for associations between adiposity and CP, stratified by ethnicity while accounting for familial correlations...
August 2016: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27334248/dose-response-relationship-between-statin-therapy-and-glycaemia-in-community-based-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-the-fremantle-diabetes-study
#19
Timothy M E Davis, Imran Badshah, S A Paul Chubb, Wendy A Davis
Although statins may increase glycaemia in type 2 diabetes, available data are from single-dose intervention trials or in studies with no adjustment for concomitant changes in blood glucose-lowering therapy. To provide real-life data covering common statin types and doses, HbA1c data from patients in the Fremantle Diabetes Study Phases I (FDS1) and II (FDS2) and on stable diabetes treatment before and after statin initiation were analysed. Intensity of statin therapy was categorised as low, moderate or high based on within-group dose regimens with similar serum LDL-cholesterol lowering effects...
June 23, 2016: Diabetes, Obesity & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27272032/use-of-statins-and-the-risk-of-incident-diabetes-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#20
Busuyi S Olotu, Marvin D Shepherd, Suzanne Novak, Kenneth A Lawson, James P Wilson, Kristin M Richards, Rafia S Rasu
INTRODUCTION: Even though several landmark statin trials have demonstrated the beneficial effects of statin therapy in both primary and secondary prevention of cardiovascular disease, several studies have suggested that statins are associated with a moderate increase in risk of new-onset diabetes. These observations prompted the US FDA to revise statin labels to include a warning of an increased risk of incident diabetes mellitus as a result of increases in glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c) and fasting plasma glucose...
October 2016: American Journal of Cardiovascular Drugs: Drugs, Devices, and Other Interventions
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