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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677179/knowledge-of-the-guarani-language-in-medical-students-at-a-university-hospital-in-paraguay
#1
Hassel Jimmy Jiménez, Lorena Delgadillo, Ana Campuzano de Rolon, Diana Jiménez, Angélica de Samudio, Adriana Agüero, César Radice, Gustavo Jiménez-Britez
INTRODUCTION: Paraguay is a bilingual country and knowledge of the guarani language is an important communication tool for the doctor- patient relationship. OBJECTIVE: To determine the degree of and the factors that influence the knowledge of the Guaraní language in medical students at a University Hospital in Paraguay. METHODS: Observational, cross-sectional, analytical study in which an anonymous questionnaire was applied to the final year medical students of a University Hospital of Paraguay...
April 10, 2018: Medwave
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675683/doctors-and-pharmacists-provision-and-opinions-of-medicines-information-leaflets-in-new-zealand
#2
Amber Young, June Tordoff, Sharon Leitch, Alesha Smith
Background Providing verbal medicines information to patients may be insufficient. Providing medicine information leaflets could support verbal information, however New Zealand health professionals' opinions or use of leaflets is unknown. Objective To examine self-reported provision and health professionals' views about medicine information leaflets and to determine their support for tailoring patient leaflets. Setting A cross sectional survey of general practitioners (GPs) and community pharmacists in New Zealand primary care...
April 19, 2018: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673802/-assessment-of-the-severity-of-postoperative-complications-from-the-patient-and-doctor-perspective
#3
Anja Klingenberg, Stefan Nöst, Joachim Szecsenyi
AIM OF THE STUDY: This study compares doctors' and patients' assessments of the severity of postoperative complications reported by patients. Within the context of quality assurance and patient safety, the study aims to contribute to developing instruments to include patients' views for measuring postoperative complications. METHODS: In a questionnaire development study 474 patients who had undergone different kinds of surgery were given a questionnaire and asked whether postoperative complications occurred, and if so, to describe these complications in free text and to assesses their severity as "slight, temporary" or "extensive"...
April 16, 2018: Zeitschrift Für Evidenz, Fortbildung und Qualität Im Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672075/the-telephone-effect-overcoming-initiation-deficits-in-two-settings
#4
Kayci L Vickers, Michael E Keesler, Kelli S Williams, Jeremy Y Charles, Roy H Hamilton
PURPOSE: Disorders of motivation substantially impair an individual's ability to communicate with their families, therapists, and doctors. One method of overcoming initiation deficits is by utilizing the telephone effect, which is the ability for individuals with severe motivation deficits to communicate more readily when speaking on a telephone. However, little is available in the extant literature on how this effect works or how best to integrate this into patient care. This article aims to provide the first report of a proposed mechanism underlying the telephone effect and the first published procedures for eliciting this effect...
April 19, 2018: Rehabilitation Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661747/patient-continued-use-of-online-health-care-communities-web-mining-of-patient-doctor-communication
#5
Bing Wu
BACKGROUND: In practice, online health communities have passed the adoption stage and reached the diffusion phase of development. In this phase, patients equipped with knowledge regarding the issues involved in health care are capable of switching between different communities to maximize their online health community activities. Online health communities employ doctors to answer patient questions, and high quality online health communities are more likely to be acknowledged by patients...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659488/does-a-consumer-targeted-deprescribing-intervention-compromise-patient-healthcare-provider-trust
#6
Yi Zhi Zhang, Justin P Turner, Philippe Martin, Cara Tannenbaum
One in four community-dwelling older adults is prescribed an inappropriate medication. Educational interventions aimed at patients to reduce inappropriate medications may cause patients to question their prescriber’s judgment. The objective of this study was to determine whether a patient-focused deprescribing intervention compromised trust between older adults and their healthcare providers. An educational brochure was distributed to community-dwelling older adults by community pharmacists in order to trigger deprescribing conversations...
April 16, 2018: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658306/-how-do-they-want-to-know-doctors-perspectives-on-making-and-communicating-a-diagnosis-of-dementia
#7
Cate Bailey, Jemima Dooley, Rose McCabe
Recent drives to facilitate earlier identification of dementia have led to increased memory clinic referrals and diagnoses. This study explored the perspectives of memory clinic doctors on making and delivering diagnoses. Four focus groups were conducted with 13 psychiatrists and two geriatricians in the UK. Transcripts were coded line by line using NVIVO. Thematic analysis identified 39 categories, 18 sub-themes and eight overarching themes. Inter-rater reliability on 31% of the data was 0.89. Increased public awareness of dementia was viewed positively in facilitating access to diagnosis and treatment...
January 1, 2018: Dementia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658220/-multiresistant-bacteria-practical-aspects-for-doctors-working-in-ambulatory-practice
#8
Sarah Masson-Roy, Stephan Harbarth
Although preventive measures against the transmission of multidrug-resistant organisms (MDROs) are well established and protocolized in hospital settings, their implementation in private ambulatory practice are rarely addressed. Despite what is sometimes communicated, the risk of transmission of this type of bacteria outside of a hospital environment is real. Standard precautions are the key to minimizing this risk. In a number of situations in the ambulatory setting, MDRO screening (nasal or rectal) is needed and recommended...
April 11, 2018: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29653460/-doctor-patient-communication-training-in-simulated-situations-emotions-and-perceptions-of-simulated-patients-during-patient-centered-conversations
#9
Maria Asisa Butollo, Anita Holzinger, Michaela Wagner-Menghin
INTRODUCTION: The use of simulated patients (SPs) for doctor-patient communication training has been established in medical curricula as an important didactic method. The study addresses the question, if patients' emotions and perceptions are represented adequately in patient-centered communication. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 22 of 37 SPs of the Medical University of Vienna (12 women, 10 men) were asked openly about their feelings after having acted as an SP in a semi-structured interview, which employed the Critical Incident Technique...
April 13, 2018: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650497/quality-of-medical-education-is-our-health-in-safe-hands
#10
Tanuj Kanchan, Kewal Krishan, Neelam Dehal
The medical profession, once considered a "noble profession" has been under the scanner for deterioration in services. This decline is generally attributed to commercialisation of services, waning human values, and a lack of empathy and communication skills. At a time when discussions are focused on devising approaches to test medical students for attributes such as empathy, communication skills and concern for the less privileged, developing nations like India are suffering from the "problem of too many"...
March 12, 2018: Indian Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628757/the-effects-of-presenting-oncologic-information-in-terms-of-opposites-in-a-medical-context
#11
Roberto Burro, Ugo Savardi, Maria Antonietta Annunziata, Paolo De Paoli, Ivana Bianchi
Background: An extensive body of literature has demonstrated that many patients who have been asked to participate in clinical trials do not fully understand the informed consent forms. A parallel independent study has demonstrated that opposites have a special status in human cognitive organization: they are common to all-natural languages and are intuitively and naturally understood and learnt. Purpose: The study investigates whether, and how, the use of opposites impacts on doctor-patient communication: does using the terms "small-large" to describe a nodule (ie, bipolar communication) rather than speaking in terms of centimeters (ie, unipolar communication) affect a patient's understanding of the situation? And is it better to speak of "common-rare" side effects (ie, bipolar communication) instead of the number of people who have suffered from particular side effects (ie, unipolar communication)? Methods: Two questionnaires were created and used, one presenting the information in terms of opposites (ie, bipolar communication) and another using unipolar communication...
2018: Patient Preference and Adherence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625955/patient-physician-communication-in-the-era-of-mobile-phones-and-social-media-apps-cross-sectional-observational-study-on-lebanese-physicians-perceptions-and-attitudes
#12
Fady Daniel, Suha Jabak, Roula Sasso, Yara Chamoun, Hani Tamim
BACKGROUND: The increased prevalence of virtual communication technology, particularly social media, has shifted the physician-patient relationship away from the well-established face-to-face interaction. The views and habits of physicians in Lebanon toward the use of online apps and social media as forms of patient communication have not been previously described. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to describe the views of Lebanese physicians toward the use of social media and other online apps as means of patient communication...
April 6, 2018: JMIR Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29622286/the-german-emergency-and-disaster-medicine-and-management-system-history-and-present
#13
REVIEW
Norman Hecker, Bernd Dieter Domres
As well for optimized emergency management in individual cases as for optimized mass medicine in disaster management, the principle of the medical doctors approaching the patient directly and timely, even close to the site of the incident, is a long-standing marker for quality of care and patient survival in Germany. Professional rescue and emergency forces, including medical services, are the "Golden Standard" of emergency management systems. Regulative laws, proper organization of resources, equipment, training and adequate delivery of medical measures are key factors in systematic approaches to manage emergencies and disasters alike and thus save lives...
January 31, 2018: Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Zhonghua Chuang Shang za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609202/wait-times-are-not-the-problem-detailed-analysis-of-unsolicited-patient-complaints-from-a-metropolitan-australian-emergency-department
#14
Petra Lawrence, Rajeev Jarugula, Sarah Hazelwood, Gavin Fincher, Karen Hay
OBJECTIVE: To describe characteristics of ED admissions that resulted in unsolicited complaints and compare with overall ED admissions. The site utilised is an inner city tertiary hospital, with 630 beds, with approximately 82 600 annual presentations, where 32.5% were children. METHODS: Complaints between the dates of 27 November 2012 and 10 March 2016 were reviewed. Performance indicators and the distribution of presentations by diagnostic code were reviewed. RESULTS: A total of 572 different complaint reasons were found and grouped into 12 categories...
April 2, 2018: Emergency Medicine Australasia: EMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607655/-you-have-to-treat-the-person-not-the-mouth-only-uk-dentists-perceptions-of-communication-in-patient-consultations
#15
Marta Justyna Nowak, Heather Buchanan, Koula Asimakopoulou
Effective communication between patients and health professionals is a key component of patient-centred care. Although there is a large body of literature focusing on doctor-patient communication, there has been limited research related to dentist-patient communication, especially presented from the dentists' perspective. The aim of our study was to explore UK dentists' perceptions of communication in their consultations, and the factors they perceive may influence this. We conducted semi-structured interviews with eight dentists in UK dental NHS practices...
July 2018: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607159/application-of-3d-printing-in-the-surgical-planning-of-hypertrophic-obstructive-cardiomyopathy-and-physician-patient-communication-a-preliminary-study
#16
Hong-Chang Guo, Yang Wang, Jiang Dai, Chang-Wei Ren, Jin-Hua Li, Yong-Qiang Lai
Background: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of 3-dimensional (3D) printing in treatment of hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy (HOCM) and its roles in doctor-patient communication. Methods: 3D-printed models were constructed preoperatively and postoperatively in seven HOCM patients received surgical treatment. Based on multi-slice computed tomography (CT) images, regions of disorder were segmented using the Mimics 19.0 software (Materialise, Leuven, Belgium)...
February 2018: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29600570/medical-communication-the-views-of-simulated-patients
#17
William Laughey, Nora Sangvik Grandal, Gabrielle M Finn
CONTEXT: Simulated patients (SPs) are extensively used in the teaching of medical communication, both for students and doctors. They occupy a unique middle ground between patients and physicians: although free from the prejudices that medical training brings, they work closely with clinical tutors to promote the principles of patient-centred consulting. Despite this, there is relatively little research around their views on what makes for good communication practice. This study aims to address this gap in the literature through a qualitative analysis of SPs' opinions, especially in the context of medical student communication...
March 30, 2018: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29596513/bad-manners-in-the-emergency-department-incivility-among-doctors
#18
Karsten Klingberg, Khaled Gadelhak, Sabrina N Jegerlehner, Adam D Brown, Aristomenis K Exadaktylos, David S Srivastava
INTRODUCTION: Negative workplace behaviour, especially negative communication is a recognised problem in many organisations and is known to have serious impact on workplace performance, productivity and personal wellbeing. Emergency Departments (ED) can be high stress environments in which communication and perceptions of respect between physicians and other staff may underlie individual functioning. We conducted a study to estimate the influence of incivility (ICV) among physicians in the ED...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29590422/veteran-experiences-seeking-non-pharmacologic-approaches-for-pain
#19
Karleen Giannitrapani, Matthew McCaa, Marie Haverfield, Robert D Kerns, Christine Timko, Steven Dobscha, Karl Lorenz
Introduction: Pain is a longstanding and growing concern among US military veterans. Although many individuals rely on medications, a growing body of literature supports the use of complementary non-pharmacologic approaches when treating pain. Our objective is to characterize veteran experiences with and barriers to accessing alternatives to medication (e.g., non-pharmacologic treatments or non-pharmacologic approaches) for pain in primary care. Materials and Methods: Data for this qualitative analysis were collected as part of the Effective Screening for Pain (ESP) study (2012-2017), a national randomized controlled trial of pain screening and assessment methods...
March 26, 2018: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29590400/perceptions-and-attitudes-regarding-antibiotic-resistance-in-germany-a-cross-sectoral-survey-amongst-physicians-veterinarians-farmers-and-the-general-public
#20
Sandra Schneider, Florian Salm, Szilvia Vincze, Anne Moeser, Inga Petruschke, Katja Schmücker, Norman Ludwig, Regina Hanke, Christin Schröder, Alexander Gropmann, Michael Behnke, Antina Lübke-Becker, Lothar H Wieler, Stefan Hagel, Mathias W Pletz, Jochen Gensichen, Petra Gastmeier
Background: Drivers of antibiotic (AB) resistance (ABR) include outpatient treatment, hospital care and animal husbandry. During the first phase of the One Health project RAI (Responsible Antibiotic Use via Information and Communication) surveys were conducted in these sectors. Objectives: To compare perceptions and attitudes towards ABR among general practitioners (GPs), hospital physicians, veterinarians, pig farmers and the general public. Methods: Cross-sectional questions on AB use and ABR were integrated in group-specific surveys of GPs, hospital physicians, veterinarians, pig farmers and the German general population...
March 26, 2018: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
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