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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147593/rapidly-progressive-disseminated-sporotrichosis-as-the-first-presentation-of-hiv-infection-in-a-patient-with-a-very-low-cd4-cell-count
#1
Isis Cristine Morávia Ribeiro de Oliveira-Esteves, Guilherme Almeida Rosa da Silva, Walter de Araujo Eyer-Silva, Rodrigo Panno Basílio-de-Oliveira, Luciana Ferreira de Araujo, Carlos José Martins, Rogério Neves-Motta, Marcelo Costa Velho Mendes de Azevedo, Dario José Hart Pontes Signorini, Jorge Francisco da Cunha Pinto, Lívia Machado Moura, Rafael Jacyntho Laterça, Diogo Raphael Garcia de Oliveira Pereira, Isabela Vieira do Lago, Fernando Raphael de Almeida Ferry
Sporotrichosis is a human and animal disease caused by species of the Sporothrix schenckii complex. It is classically acquired through traumatic inoculation of fungal elements. Most frequently, sporotrichosis presents as a fixed cutaneous or as a lymphocutaneous form. A much smaller number of cases occur as cutaneous disseminated and disseminated forms. These cases require immediate diagnosis and management to reduce morbidity and mortality. We present the case of a 34-year-old male patient in whom the first presentation of HIV infection was a rapidly progressive sporotrichosis with multiple cutaneous lesions, a high fungal burden in tissues, and pulmonary involvement...
2017: Case Reports in Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145543/association-of-ipilimumab-with-safety-and-antitumor-activity-in-women-with-metastatic-or-recurrent-human-papillomavirus-related-cervical-carcinoma
#2
Stephanie Lheureux, Marcus O Butler, Blaise Clarke, Mihaela C Cristea, Lainie P Martin, Katia Tonkin, Gini F Fleming, Anna V Tinker, Hal W Hirte, Daliah Tsoref, Helen Mackay, Neesha C Dhani, Prafull Ghatage, Johanne Weberpals, Stephen Welch, Nhu-An Pham, Vinicius Motta, Valentin Sotov, Lisa Wang, Katherine Karakasis, Smitha Udagani, Suzanne Kamel-Reid, Howard Z Streicher, Patricia Shaw, Amit M Oza
Importance: Based on evidence of human papillomavirus (HPV)-induced immune evasion, immunotherapy may be an attractive strategy in cervical cancer. Ipilimumab is a fully humanized monoclonal antibody that blocks cytotoxic T-lymphocyte antigen-4 (CTLA-4), which acts to downregulate the T-cell immune response. Objective: To assess the safety and antitumor activity of ipilimumab in recurrent cervical cancer. Design, Setting, and Participants: A multicenter trial was designed for patients with metastatic cervical cancer (squamous cell carcinoma or adenocarcinoma) with measurable disease and progression after at least 1 line of platinum chemotherapy...
November 16, 2017: JAMA Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138533/comparison-of-visual-outcomes-after-bilateral-implantation-of-a-diffractive-trifocal-intraocular-lens-and-blended-implantation-of-an-extended-depth-of-focus-intraocular-lens-with-a-diffractive-bifocal-intraocular-lens
#3
André Lins de Medeiros, André Gustavo de Araújo Rolim, Antonio Francisco Pimenta Motta, Bruna Vieira Ventura, César Vilar, Mário Augusto Pereira Dias Chaves, Pedro Carlos Carricondo, Wilson Takashi Hida
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to compare the visual outcomes and subjective visual quality between bilateral implantation of a diffractive trifocal intraocular lens, Alcon Acrysof IQ(®) PanOptix(®) TNFT00 (group A), and blended implantation of an extended depth of focus lens, J&J Tecnis Symfony(®) ZXR00 with a diffractive bifocal intraocular lens, J&J Vision Tecnis(®) ZMB00 (group B). Methods: This prospective, nonrandomized, consecutive, comparative study included the assessment of 40 eyes in 20 patients implanted with multifocal intraocular lens...
2017: Clinical Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136118/ventricular-arterial-and-aortic-mechanical-valve-dehiscence-evaluated-by-advanced-post-processing-techniques-in-multislice-computed-tomography
#4
Paulo Ernando Ferraz Cavalcanti, Michel Pompeu Barros de Oliveira Sá, Ricardo Felipe de Albuquerque Lins, Alexandre Motta de Menezes
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 9, 2017: European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135746/computerized-clinical-decision-support-system-utilization-in-nursing-a-scoping-review-protocol
#5
Dóris Ribeiro Ortiz, Flávia de Oliveira Motta Maia, Diley Cardoso Franco Ortiz, Heloísa Helena Ciqueto Peres, Paulino Artur Ferreira de Sousa
The objective of this scoping review is to comprehensively identify and examine the available literature on computerized clinical decision support systems utilized in nursing. The following focus questions will be used as an initial starting point in order to map and discuss important characteristics of the work done in this field.
November 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131838/expanded-repertoire-of-kinetoplast-associated-proteins-and-unique-mitochondrial-dna-arrangement-of-symbiont-bearing-trypanosomatids
#6
Silvana Sant Anna de Souza, Carolina Moura Catta-Preta, João Marcelo P Alves, Danielle P Cavalcanti, Marta M G Teixeira, Erney P Camargo, Wanderley De Souza, Rosane Silva, Maria Cristina M Motta
In trypanosomatids, the kinetoplast is the portion of the single mitochondrion that is connected to the basal body and contains the kDNA, a network composed by circular and interlocked DNA. The kDNA packing is conducted by Kinetoplast Associated Proteins (KAPs), which are similar to eukaryotic histone H1. In symbiont-harboring trypanosomatids (SHTs) such as Angomonas deanei and Strigomonas culicis, a ß-proteobacterium co-evolves with the host in a mutualistic relationship. The prokaryote confers nutritional benefits to the host and affects its cell structure...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128926/helminth-infections-in-a-pair-of-sympatric-congeneric-lizard-species
#7
Thiago Maia-Carneiro, Tatiana Motta-Tavares, Robson Waldemar Ávila, Carlos F D Rocha
We analyzed parameters of parasitism by helminths in a pair of sympatric congeneric lizard species (Tropidurus hispidus and Tropidurus semitaeniatus). Differences in their supracommunities (richness, composition, and abundance) and the influence of helminthic loads on minimum flight initiation distances and body temperatures were evaluated. We reported new findings of Piratuba digiticauda infecting T. hispidus and Oochoristica bresslaui infecting T. semitaeniatus. Parapharyngodon alvarengai was the most abundant helminth in both host species...
November 11, 2017: Parasitology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128758/discovery-of-novel-anelloviruses-in-small-mammals-expands-the-host-range-and-diversity-of-the-anelloviridae
#8
William Marciel de Souza, Marcílio Jorge Fumagalli, Jansen de Araujo, Gilberto Sabino-Santos, Felipe Gonçalves Motta Maia, Marilia Farignoli Romeiro, Sejal Modha, Marcello Schiavo Nardi, Luzia Helena Queiroz, Edison Luiz Durigon, Márcio Roberto Teixeira Nunes, Pablo Ramiro Murcia, Luiz Tadeu Moraes Figueiredo
The Anelloviridae comprises single-stranded DNA viruses currently grouped in sixty-eight species classified in twelve genera. They have been found in many vertebrate hosts including primates. In this study, we describe the application of the high-throughput sequencing to examine the frequency and diversity of anelloviruses in rodents, bats and opossums captured in São Paulo State, Brazil. We report a total of twenty-six anelloviruses with sixteen nearly complete genomes and ten partial genomes, which include eleven potential novel species identified in rodents (Cricetidae), bats (Molossidae and Phyllostomidae), and opossums (Didelphidae)...
November 9, 2017: Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118979/the-effects-of-starter-microbiota-and-the-early-life-feeding-of-medium-chain-triglycerides-on-the-gastric-transcriptome-profile-of-2-or-3-week-old-cesarean-delivered-piglets
#9
Paolo Trevisi, Davide Priori, Vincenzo Motta, Diana Luise, Alfons J M Jansman, Sietse-Jan Koopmans, Paolo Bosi
Background: The stomach is an underestimated key interface between the ingesta and the digestive system, affecting the digestion and playing an important role in several endocrine functions. The quality of starter microbiota and the early life feeding of medium chain triglycerides may affect porcine gastric maturation. Two trials (T1, T2) were carried out on 12 and 24 cesarean-delivered piglets (birth, d0), divided over two microbiota treatments, but slaughtered and sampled at two or three weeks of age, respectively...
2017: Journal of Animal Science and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114839/novel-complex-abca4-alleles-in-brazilian-patients-with-stargardt-disease-genotype-phenotype-correlation
#10
Mariana Vallim Salles, Fabiana Louise Motta, Elton Dias da Silva, Patricia Varela, Kárita Antunes Costa, Rafael Filippelli-Silva, Renan Paulo Martin, John Pei-Wen Chiang, João Bosco Pesquero, Juliana Maria Ferraz Sallum
Purpose: To analyze the presence of complex alleles of the ABCA4 gene in Brazilian patients with Stargardt disease and to assess the correlation with clinical features. Methods: This was an observational cross-sectional study. Patients with a diagnosis of Stargardt disease who presented three pathogenic variants of the ABCA4 gene or who had variants previously described as complex alleles were included. The relatives of these probands were evaluated in the segregation analysis...
November 1, 2017: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105937/point-of-care-testing-facilitates-screening-and-treatment-for-anaemia-in-women-and-children-in-rural-pakistan
#11
Tessa McCormack, Rukhsana Ayub, Faisal Aziz, Lara Motta, Brooke Spaeth, Mark Shephard
OBJECTIVE: To use point-of-care testing to screen and facilitate treatment for anaemia and to establish an estimate of the prevalence of anaemia in the local population. DESIGN: An uncontrolled before and after study design was used to evaluate the effectiveness of the intervention on the anaemia status of participants. SETTING: This study took place in a rural mountain community (population approximately 1000) in the Haripur district in northern Pakistan...
November 6, 2017: Australian Journal of Rural Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102269/assessment-of-the-use-of-vitamin-c-and-e-supplements-concomitantly-to-antibiotic-treatment-against-helicobacter-pylori-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
Edgar Yaset Caicedo Ochoa, César Orlando Quintero Moreno, Yardany Rafael Méndez Fandiño, Sofía Catalina Sánchez Fonseca, Héctor Fabio Cortes Motta, Santiago Alejandro Guio Guerra
INTRODUCTION: Helicobacter pylori infections affect almost 50% of the world population, constituting a risk factor for benign and malignant gastrointestinal diseases. The increased resistance to antibiotic treatment against this infection represents a dilemma in the search of other therapeutic alternatives. OBJECTIVE: To determine the efficacy of the use of vitaminC and E supplements concomitantly to antibiotic treatment against H. pylori infections. METHODS: We performed a systematic review on the MedLine (PubMed), Embase and Cochrane Central Register of Clinical Trials (CENTRAL) databases, searching for studies evaluating the efficacy of vitaminC and/or E supplements in the antibiotic treatment of H...
November 1, 2017: Medicina Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098865/novel-quinazolinone-based-2-4-thiazolidinedione-3-acetic-acid-derivatives-as-potent-aldose-reductase-inhibitors
#13
Kamel Metwally, Harris Pratsinis, Dimitris Kletsas, Luca Quattrini, Vito Coviello, Concettina La Motta, Ahmed A El-Rashedy, Mahmoud Es Soliman
AIM: Targeting aldose reductase enzyme with 2,4-thiazolidinedione-3-acetic acid derivatives having a bulky hydrophobic 3-arylquinazolinone residue. MATERIALS & METHODS: All the target compounds were structurally characterized by different spectroscopic methods and microanalysis, their aldose reductase inhibitory activities were evaluated, and binding modes were studied by molecular modeling. RESULTS: All the synthesized compounds proved to inhibit the target enzyme potently, exhibiting IC50 values in the nanomolar/low nanomolar range...
November 3, 2017: Future Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096093/long-term-exposure-to-cadmium-pathological-effects-on-kidney-tubules-cells-in-sparus-aurata-juveniles
#14
Bice Avallone, Raimondo Cerciello, Patrizia Cretì, Carmela Pizzoleo, Rosaria Scudiero, Monica Tizzano, Raffaele Panzuto, Palma Simoniello, Maria Rosa Montinari, Chiara M Motta
The effects of an exposure to cadmium chloride 0.47μM for 150days were studied in kidneys of juveniles Sparus aurata by a multidisciplinary approach so to correlate uptake and detoxification potential to changes in brush border and glycocalyx sugar composition. Results demonstrated that cadmium concentration in kidney significantly increased from day 30 reaching a plateau on day 120 while metallothioneins reached a peak on day 90 and by day 120 were already decreasing to control values. Cytological damage was extensive on day 90, clearly detectable at both structural and ultrastructural levels, in tubular cells and brush-border...
October 28, 2017: Aquatic Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29091323/lower-levels-of-dehydroepiandrosterone-sulfate-are-associated-with-more-advanced-liver-fibrosis-in-chronic-hepatitis-c
#15
João Marcello de Araujo Neto, Henrique Sérgio Moraes Coelho, Maria Chiara Chindamo, Guilherme Ferreira da Motta Rezende, Vera Lúcia Nunes Pannain, Adriana Marques Caroli de Freitas Bottino, Luiz Fernando Bruzzi Porto, Ronir Raggio Luiz, Cristiane Alves Villela-Nogueira, Renata M Perez
Chronic infection with the hepatitis C virus induces liver fibrosis, but it is unknown why some patients progress to advanced fibrosis while others remain with mild disease. Recently, an inverse association between serum levels of dehydroepiandrosterone sulphate (DHEA-S) and liver fibrosis in patients with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease was described and it was postulated that dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) has anti-fibrotic effects. Our aim was to compare serum DHEA-S levels with liver fibrosis in hepatitis C patients...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Viral Hepatitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29082726/-differential-diagnosis-and-management-of-abnormal-uterine-bleeding-in-adolescence
#16
Tiziano Motta, Antonio S Laganà, Gaetano Valenti, Valentina L LA Rosa, Marco Noventa, Amerigo Vitagliano, Benito Chiofalo, Agnese M Rapisarda, Diego Rossetti, Salvatore G Vitale
Abnormal uterine bleeding (AUB) is defined as any atypical genital bleeding originating from the uterine cavity, without the characteristics of normal menstrual period. AUB is an important symptom both for adolescents and their parents, and it usually leads to a state of anxiety. Although about 95% of AUB could be considered as a dysfunctional disorder, AUB requires well-defined diagnostic procedures in order to detect a physical cause, ruling out complex or systemic diseases, including oncological ones. Diagnostic procedures require the acquisition of a full and detailed history, and it is also crucial to obtain as much compliance from the patient as possible...
December 2017: Minerva Ginecologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29077870/undetectable-antimicrobial-plasma-concentrations-in-an-hiv-positive-patient-with-protein-losing-enteropathy-and-chylothorax-during-mycobacterium-genavense-and-leishmania-abdominal-infections
#17
I Motta, M Trunfio, A Calcagno, V Pirriatore, S Scabini, A Palazzo, S Audagnotto, G Fatiguso, V Liberini, M Bellò, A D'Avolio, G Di Perri, S Bonora
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 25, 2017: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29076257/homeostasis-maintenance-of-encapsulated-cells
#18
Volha Liaudanskaya, Claudio Migliaresi, Antonella Motta
Cell niche homeostasis plays a critical role in many bodily functions including tissue functionality, stem cell maintenance and differentiation, wound healing, cancer development and propagation, and many others. Many tissue engineering approaches overlook the importance of engineered constructs homeostasis, in particular for transplantation purposes. Here we present a study of the effect of encapsulation duration on engineered tissue maturation and provide a protocol for the evaluation of critical conditions for transplantation purposes...
October 26, 2017: Journal of Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29069141/intra-arterial-fibrinolysis-for-the-management-of-acute-ischemia-on-a-below-knee-amputation-stump-case-report
#19
Breno Boueri Affonso, Joaquim Maurício da Motta Leal, Rafael Noronha Cavalcante, Priscila Mina Falsarella, Francisco Leonardo Galastri, Rodolfo Souza Cardoso, Felipe Nasser
Preservation of the knee joint has enormous advantages in terms of mobility and rehabilitation of an amputee. Any cause of breakdown requiring revision to an above-knee amputation is a major setback because it reduces the patient's rehabilitative potential. We report a case of intra-arterial thrombolysis use to save a below-knee amputation stump with acute ischemia. A 56-year-old man who sought the emergency department with 1-day history of acute pain on his right below-knee stump. The angiography confirmed popliteal artery occlusion...
October 23, 2017: Einstein
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062701/changing-place-changing-future-repositioning-a-subcutaneous-implantable-cardioverter-defibrillator-can-resolve-inappropriate-shocks-secondary-to-myopotential-oversensing
#20
Paola Berne, Graziana Viola, Giovanni Motta, Nicola Marziliano, Valerio Carboni, Gavino Casu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: HeartRhythm Case Reports
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