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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791521/specific-questionnaire-detects-a-high-incidence-of-intra-operative-hypersensitivity-reactions
#1
Laila S Garro, Marcelo V Aun, Iracy Sílvia C Soares, Marisa R Ribeiro, Antônio A Motta, Jorge Kalil, Mariana C Castells, Maria José C Carmona, Pedro Giavina-Bianchi
OBJECTIVE: To assess the incidence of intra-operative immediate hypersensitivity reactions and anaphylaxis. METHODS: A cross-sectional observational study was conducted at the Department of Anesthesiology, University of São Paulo School of Medicine, Hospital das Clínicas, São Paulo, Brazil, from January to December 2010. We developed a specific questionnaire to be completed by anesthesiologists. This tool included questions about hypersensitivity reactions during anesthesia and provided treatments...
May 17, 2018: Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788224/iron-sequestration-in-microbiota-biofilms-as-a-novel-strategy-for-treating-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#2
Jean-Paul Motta, Thibault Allain, Luke E Green-Harrison, Ryan A Groves, Troy Feener, Hena Ramay, Paul L Beck, Ian A Lewis, John L Wallace, Andre G Buret
Significant alterations of intestinal microbiota and anemia are hallmarks of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). It is widely accepted that iron is a key nutrient for pathogenic bacteria, but little is known about its impact on microbiota associated with IBD. We used a model device to grow human mucosa-associated microbiota in its physiological anaerobic biofilm phenotype. Compared to microbiota from healthy donors, microbiota from IBD patients generate biofilms ex vivo that were larger in size and cell numbers, contained higher intracellular iron concentrations, and exhibited heightened virulence in a model of human intestinal epithelia in vitro and in the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans...
May 17, 2018: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29787304/deterioration-of-regional-lung-strain-and-inflammation-during-early-lung-injury
#3
Gabriel C Motta-Ribeiro, Soshi Hashimoto, Tilo Winkler, Rebecca M Baron, Kira Grogg, Luís F S C Paula, Arnoldo Santos, Congli Zeng, Kathryn Hibbert, Robert S Harris, Ednan Bajwa, Marcos F Vidal Melo
RATIONALE: The contribution of aeration heterogeneity to lung injury during early mechanical ventilation of uninjured lungs is unknown. OBJECTIVE: Test the hypotheses that a strategy consistent with clinical practice does not protect from worsening in lung strains during the first 24h of ventilation of initially normal lungs exposed to mild systemic endotoxemia in supine versus prone position, and that local neutrophilic inflammation is associated with local strain and blood volume at global strains below a proposed injurious threshold...
May 22, 2018: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786189/-renal-infarction-multicentric-cases-in-piedmont
#4
Daria Motta, Andrea Airoldi, Serena Bainotti, Manuel Burdese, Andrea Campo, Luigia Costantini, Raffaella Cravero, Paola Mesiano, Giorgina B Piccoli, Olga Randone, Andrea Serra, Patrizia Vio, Roberto Boero
We describe factors associated to renal infarction, clinical, instrumental and laboratoristic features, and therapeutic strategies too. This is an observational, review and polycentric study of cases in Nephrologic Units in Piedmont during 2013-2015, with diagnosis of renal infarction by Computed Tomography Angiography (CTA). We collected 48 cases (25 M, age 57±16i; 23 F age 70±18, p = 0.007), subdivided in 3 groups based on etiology: group 1: cardio-embolic (n=19) ; group 2: coagulation abnormalities (n= 9); group 3: other causes or idiopathic (n=20)...
May 2018: Giornale Italiano di Nefrologia: Organo Ufficiale Della Società Italiana di Nefrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785277/intake-and-performance-of-lambs-finished-in-feedlot-with-wet-brewer-s-grains
#5
Mônica Feksa Frasson, Sérgio Carvalho, Gustavo Jaurena, Aliei Maria Menegon, Marcelo Machado Severo, Juliano Henriques da Motta, William Soares Teixeira
Background: The use of agroindustrial by-products in ruminant nutrition to be an interesting alternative in order to reduce production costs and environmental impacts arising from the inadequate destination of residues. The initial step of beer production yields a large volume of wet brewer's grains all year around, which is available at a low cost and has a high nutritional quality, and hence a big potential for animal production. Methods: Twenty-four Suffolk non-castrated male lambs, from simple parturition were kept in individual spots and allocated to four treatments constituted by four levels of substitution of sorghum silage by WBG (i...
2018: Journal of Animal Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782038/tongue-pressure-measurement-in-children-with-mouth-breathing-behavior
#6
Nayara D Azevedo, Josiane C Lima, Renata M M M Furlan, Andréa R Motta
BACKGROUND: The tongue plays an important role in oral functions. Reduced tongue strength is often noted among children with mouth-breathing behavior. OBJECTIVES: The purposes of this study were to measure the tongue pressure in children with mouth-breathing behavior, to compare these values to those of children with nasal-breathing behavior, and to analyze the relationship between age and tongue pressure in children with a mouth-breathing pattern and in children with a nasal-breathing pattern...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779817/resting-energy-expenditure-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy-accuracy-of-available-prediction-formulae-and-development-of-a-population-specific-formula
#7
Francesca Penagini, Barbara Borsani, Alessandra Bosetti, Chiara Mameli, Dario Dilillo, Giulia Ramponi, Francesco Motta, Giorgio Bedogni, Gian Vincenzo Zuccotti
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Energy requirements are difficult to estimate in children with cerebral palsy (CP). Resting energy expenditure (REE), necessary for personalized nutritional intervention, is most commonly estimated using prediction formulae because the reference method, i.e. indirect calorimetry (IC), is not available in all Nutrition Units. The main aim of the present study was to evaluate the accuracy of the most commonly used REE prediction formulae in children with CP. The secondary aim was to develop a new population-specific formula for the estimation of REE in children with CP...
June 2018: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778698/macedo-procedure-a-continent-catheterizable-ileum-based-reservoir-step-by-step-video
#8
Eduardo Tosetto Cachoeira, João Vitor Q Dos Santos, Gabriel V da Silva, Rafael C da Silva, Guilherme L Motta, Fernando J Abreu, Patric M Tavares, Tiago E Rosito
This video provides a case report of a 16-year-old male patient who underwent bladder enlargement with a catheterized conduit under Macedo's technique. This technique involves the use of a segment of the distal ileum with a flap that is used for confection of the conduit. Key points include: 1) skin incision planning; 2) bladder release to allow a tension-free anastomosis; 3) reservoir and a conduit creation with a distal ileum; and 4) creation of a continence mechanism.
May 5, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772095/effect-of-specific-exercise-strategy-on-strength-and-proprioception-in-volleyball-players-with-infraspinatus-muscle-atrophy
#9
José Inácio Salles, Victor Rodrigues Amaral Cossich, João Matheus Guimarães, Geraldo Motta Filho, Dylan Morrissey
Infraspinatus muscle atrophy is common in professional volleyball players, but it is unclear whether commonly observed strength and proprioception deficits can be reversed with training. Fifty-four participants were recruited into an infraspinatus atrophy group (IAG, n = 18) and a non-atrophy group (NAG, n=18) of elite volleyballers plus a healthy non-athletic control group (CG, n = 18). IAG were trained with a progressive, specific shoulder external rotator strengthening routine for 32 sessions over 8 weeks...
May 17, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768553/high-risk-behaviors-for-hepatitis-b-and-c-infections-among-female-sex-workers
#10
Marco Antonio Moreira Puga, Larissa Melo Bandeira, Sabrina Moreira Dos Santos Weis, Fernanda Rodas Pires Fernandes, Lisie Souza Castro, Tayana Serpa Ortiz Tanaka, Grazielli Rocha de Rezende, Sheila Araújo Teles, Vivianne de Oliveira Landgraf de Castro, Paula Guerra Murat, Gina Jonasson Mousquer Capelin, Ana Rita Coimbra Motta-Castro
INTRODUCTION: The prevalence of hepatitis B and hepatitis C and risk behaviors among 402 female sex workers in Central Brazil were investigated by respondent-driven sampling. METHODS: Blood samples were tested for hepatitis B and C markers by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Two hepatitis B vaccination schedules were performed. RESULTS: The prevalence of hepatitis B and C infections were 9.3% and 0.5%, respectively. Susceptibility to hepatitis B infection was observed in 61...
March 2018: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768519/influence-of-growth-hormone-replacement-on-neurological-and-psychomotor-development-case-report
#11
Felipe Motta, Adriana Pasmanik Eisencraft, Lindiane Gomes Crisostomo
The height response to the use of growth hormone in short height cases has already been confirmed in the literature. The influence of the insulin-like growth factor 1 (GH-IGF1) axis components on development, function, regeneration, neuroprotection, cognition, and motor functions has been evaluated in experimental studies and in adults with central nervous system lesions. However, there is still little research on the clinical impact of hormone replacement on neurological and psychomotor development. This report presents the case of a patient with excellent weight-height recovery and, even more surprisingly, neurological and psychomotor development in response to use of growth hormone...
May 14, 2018: Einstein
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768084/effect-of-phototherapy-on-masseter-and-anterior-temporal-muscles-before-induction-of-fatigue-a-randomized-sham-controlled-blind-clinical-trial
#12
Camila Haddad Leal de Godoy, Lara Jansiski Motta, Washington Steagall Júnior, Marcela Leticia Leal Gonçalves, Daniela Fátima Teixeira da Silva, Raquel Agnelli Mesquita-Ferrari, Aldo Brugnera Júnior, Sandra Kalil Bussadori
OBJECTIVE: This is a randomized, sham-controlled, blind clinical trial that aimed to evaluate the effect of phototherapy on bite force, mandibular range of motion, sensitivity to palpation, and fatigue in the masseter and anterior temporal muscles of young patients when administered before the induction of fatigue. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifty-two healthy volunteers aged 18-23 years were randomly allocated to a laser group and sham group. Both groups were submitted to a clinical evaluation to record mandibular range of motion, bite force, muscle sensitivity to palpation, and muscle fatigue...
May 16, 2018: Photomedicine and Laser Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767750/mosquitoes-diptera-culicidae-from-the-northwestern-brazilian-amazon-ara%C3%A3-%C3%A3-river
#13
Rosa Sá Gomes Hutchings, Roger William Hutchings, Isis Sá Menezes, Monique de Albuquerque Motta, Maria Anice Mureb Sallum
The mosquito fauna (Diptera: Culicidae) from two remote localities along the Araçá River, within the Municipality of Barcelos, towards the northern border of the Brazilian State of Amazonas, were sampled using CDC, Shannon, Malaise, and Suspended traps, along with net sweeping and immature collections. During June 2010, 111 collections yielded more than 23,500 mosquitoes distributed in 15 genera, representing 119 different species, together with eight morphospecies, which may represent undescribed new taxa...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Medical Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764141/communication-calculation-of-interatomic-forces-and-optimization-of-molecular-geometry-with-auxiliary-field-quantum-monte-carlo
#14
Mario Motta, Shiwei Zhang
We propose an algorithm for accurate, systematic, and scalable computation of interatomic forces within the auxiliary-field quantum Monte Carlo (AFQMC) method. The algorithm relies on the Hellmann-Feynman theorem and incorporates Pulay corrections in the presence of atomic orbital basis sets. We benchmark the method for small molecules by comparing the computed forces with the derivatives of the AFQMC potential energy surface and by direct comparison with other quantum chemistry methods. We then perform geometry optimizations using the steepest descent algorithm in larger molecules...
May 14, 2018: Journal of Chemical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750427/evaluation-of-knowledge-of-students-in-paediatric-dentistry-concerning-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-skills-in-children
#15
L M De Mauro, L B Oliveira, C De Cássia Bergamaschi, J C Ramacciato, R H L Motta
AIM: The study evaluated the theoretical knowledge and practical ability of students in paediatric dentistry concerning basic life support (BLS) and cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) in children and babies. METHODS: Seventy paediatric dentistry students answered a questionnaire and also performed a simulation of the manoeuvres of BLS and CPR on baby and child manikins. RESULTS: The results showed that 41 (58%) students had never received BLS training...
May 10, 2018: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of the European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744971/psychosocial-roots-of-paranoid-ideation-the-role-of-childhood-experiences-social-comparison-submission-and-shame
#16
Célia Barreto Carvalho, Carolina da Motta, José Pinto-Gouveia, Ermelindo Peixoto
BACKGROUND: Social experiences have a significant impact on cognitive functioning and appraisals of social interactions. Specifically, recalls of antipathy from parents, submissiveness, and bullying during childhood can have a significant influence on paranoid ideation later in life. METHOD: Multiple hierarchical regression analysis was performed on a sample of 91 patients diagnosed with paranoid schizophrenia in remission and active phase, their first-degree relatives (n = 32) and unaffected controls (n = 64)...
May 9, 2018: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743743/boerhaave-s-syndrome-a-differential-diagnosis-of-chest-and-abdominal-pain
#17
Thiago Almeida Ribeiro, Laura Torres da Costa Cordoval, Edgard de Magalhães Viana Neto, Marcelo Almeida Ribeiro, Emília Guerra Pinto Coelho Motta
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Radiologia Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743347/computational-modeling-guides-tissue-engineered-heart-valve-design-for-long-term-in-vivo-performance-in-a-translational-sheep-model
#18
Maximilian Y Emmert, Boris A Schmitt, Sandra Loerakker, Bart Sanders, Hendrik Spriestersbach, Emanuela S Fioretta, Leon Bruder, Kerstin Brakmann, Sarah E Motta, Valentina Lintas, Petra E Dijkman, Laura Frese, Felix Berger, Frank P T Baaijens, Simon P Hoerstrup
Valvular heart disease is a major cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Current heart valve prostheses have considerable clinical limitations due to their artificial, nonliving nature without regenerative capacity. To overcome these limitations, heart valve tissue engineering (TE) aiming to develop living, native-like heart valves with self-repair, remodeling, and regeneration capacity has been suggested as next-generation technology. A major roadblock to clinically relevant, safe, and robust TE solutions has been the high complexity and variability inherent to bioengineering approaches that rely on cell-driven tissue remodeling...
May 9, 2018: Science Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742699/effect-of-photobiomodulation-treatment-in-the-sublingual-radial-artery-region-and-along-the-spinal-column-in-individuals-with-multiple-sclerosis-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-double-blind-clinical-trial
#19
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Tamiris da Silva, Fernanda Cordeiro da Silva, Andréa Oliver Gomes, Ariane Oliveira Viana, Marcela Letícia Leal Gonçalves, Maria Fernanda Setúbal Destro Rodrigues, Anna Carolina Ratto Tempestini Horliana, Daniela de Fátima Teixeira da Silva, Maria Cristina Chavantes, Yara Dadalti Fragoso, Luciana Prats Branco, Lara Jansiski Motta, Kristianne Porta Santos Fernandes, Raquel Agnelli Mesquita-Ferrari, Sandra Kalil Bussadori
BACKGROUND: Multiple sclerosis (MS) is an autoimmune disease, for which the forms of treatment are medication and rehabilitation. However, in vitro and in vivo studies have demonstrated that photobiomodulation can be an effective treatment modality for inflammatory diseases, including MS. Photobiomodulation has a broad range of benefits, such as the avoidance of cell and tissue death, the stimulation of healing and injury repair, reductions in pain, edema and inflammation, cell proliferation, and even apoptosis...
May 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730613/photomodulation-in-the-treatment-of-chronic-pain-in-patients-with-temporomandibular-disorder-protocol-for-cost-effectiveness-analysis
#20
Ana Paula Taboada Sobral, Camila Leal H de Godoy, Kristianne P Santos Fernandes, Sandra Kalil Bussadori, Raquel Agnelli Mesquita Ferrari, Anna Carolina Ratto Tempestini Horliana, Sonia F Monken, Lara J Motta
INTRODUCTION: Epidemiological data show that the signs and symptoms of temporomandibular disorder (TMD) start becoming apparent from 6 years of age, and during adolescence these signs and symptoms are similar to those of adults. The present study aims to estimate the direct costs for treatment of chronic muscle pain with photobiomodulation therapy, occlusal splint and placebo in patients with TMD; to evaluate the effectiveness of photobiomodulation therapy and occlusal splint for treatment of muscle pain in patients with TMD; to analyse the cost-effectiveness of the two proposed treatments for pain; and to describe and compare the results of the analyses of these treatments...
May 5, 2018: BMJ Open
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