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Maria Eduarda Assad Duarte, Ricardo Martins Machado, Andrea Fonseca Jardim da Motta, José Nelson Mucha, Alexandre Trindade Motta
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate how different forms of incisal embrasures influence the esthetic perception of the smile, the preferences of each group of evaluators, and the influence of gingival display. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Two photographs of a broad male and female smiles were digitally manipulated to remove imperfections and asymmetries. A second manipulation was performed on the four maxillary incisors, creating 3 different forms of incisal embrasures: rounded, semi-rounded and squared...
October 21, 2016: Journal of Esthetic and Restorative Dentistry
Ana Luiza Flores Saenger, Celia Pereira Caldas, Luciana Branco Motta
Screening with a simplified instrument is effective for identifying elderly at risk of functional decline, for more comprehensive subsequent evaluation. However, use of a measurement tool in a different sociocultural context from the original requires prior adaptation. The current article aims to describe the initial stages of a cross-cultural adaptation of PRISMA-7, a questionnaire developed to identify community-dwelling elderly at risk of functional decline. Evaluation of conceptual and item equivalences showed pertinence to the Brazilian context...
October 10, 2016: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
I O Oliveira, L P Silva, M C Borges, O M Cruz, J W Tessmann, J V S Motta, F K Seixas, B L Horta, D P Gigante
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Homocysteine (Hcy) is a key intermediate in methionine metabolism. A high plasma concentration of Hcy is an independent risk factor for cardiovascular diseases among other determinants. In this study, we aimed to investigate the interactions between methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase enzyme gene (MTHFR) polymorphisms and lifestyle variables (smoking, alcohol intake and physical activity) on Hcy concentrations in a young Brazilian population. SUBJECTS/METHODS: The study population comprised 3803 individuals from the Pelotas Birth Cohort, aged 22-23 years...
October 19, 2016: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Tilahun Tewabe
BACKGROUND: Timely initiation of breastfeeding within one hour after birth and exclusive breastfeeding is recommended for the first six months of infant life along with continuation of breastfeeding up to two years. Timely initiation of breastfeeding has the potential to prevent 22 % of neonatal deaths. The objective of this study was to assess timely initiation of breastfeeding and associated factors among mothers who have infants less than six months of age in Motta town, East Gojjam, Amhara Regional State, Ethiopia...
October 19, 2016: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
Fabio de Araujo Motta, Libera Maria Dalla-Costa, Marisol Dominguez Muro, Andrea Lenzi, Gledson Luiz Picharski, Marion Burger
BACKGROUND: Candida species are the primary cause of invasive fungal infection in hospitalized children. There are few data on risk factors for postoperative candidemia in pediatric patients with congenital heart defects. This study aimed to identify risk factors for candidemia in patients with congenital heart defects who underwent cardiac surgery. METHODS: This was a case-control study conducted in patients admitted to a pediatric cardiology intensive care unit from January 2006 to December 2013...
November 2016: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
Augusto Rivera, Jicli José Rojas, Jaime Ríos-Motta, Michael Bolte
The title fluorinated bis-benzoxazine, C18H18F2N2O2, crystallizes with one half-mol-ecule in the asymmetric unit, which is completed by inversion symmetry. The fused oxazine ring adopts an approximately half-chair conformation. The two benzoxazine rings are oriented anti to one another around the central C-C bond. The dominant inter-molecular inter-action in the crystal structure is a C-H⋯F hydrogen bond between the F atoms and the axial H atoms of the OCH2N methyl-ene group in the oxazine rings of neighbouring mol-ecules...
October 1, 2016: Acta Crystallographica. Section E, Crystallographic Communications
Mauro Maniscalco, Debora Paris, Dominique J Melck, Maria D'Amato, Anna Zedda, Matteo Sofia, Cristiana Stellato, Andrea Motta
BACKGROUND: Epidemiological and clinical evidence supports the existence of an obesity-related asthma phenotype. No distinct pathophysiological elements or specific biomarkers have been identified so far but increased oxidative stress has been reported. OBJECTIVE: We aimed at verifying whether metabolomics of exhaled breath condensate (EBC) from obese asthmatic (OA), lean asthmatic (LA) and obese non-asthmatic (ONA) patients could recognize specific, statistically validated biomarkers for a separate "asthma-obesity" respiratory metabolic phenotype, here defined as "metabotype"...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
Piero Pingitore, Paola Dongiovanni, Benedetta Maria Motta, Marica Meroni, Saverio Massimo Lepore, Rosellina Margherita Mancina, Serena Pelusi, Cristina Russo, Andrea Caddeo, Giorgio Rossi, Tiziana Montalcini, Arturo Pujia, Olov Wiklund, Luca Valenti, Stefano Romeo
Liver fibrosis is a pathological scarring response to chronic hepatocellular injury and hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) are key players in this process. PNPLA3 I148M is a common variant robustly associated with liver fibrosis but the mechanisms underlying this association are unknown.We aimed to examine a) the effect of fibrogenic and proliferative stimuli on PNPLA3 levels in HSCs and b) the role of wild type and mutant PNPLA3 overexpression on markers of HSC activation and fibrosis.Here we show that PNPLA3 is upregulated by the fibrogenic cytokine transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-β), but not by platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF), and is involved in the TGF-β-induced reduction in lipid droplets in primary human HSCs...
October 13, 2016: Human Molecular Genetics
Bruno Caldin da Silva, Adriano Sanjuan, Valéria Costa-Hong, Luciene Dos Reis, Fabiana Graciolli, Fernanda Consolim-Colombo, Luiz Aparecido Bortolotto, Rosa Maria Affonso Moyses, Rosilene Motta Elias
Introduction: Bone metabolism disorder (BMD) and vascular dysfunction contribute to excess cardiovascular mortality observed in hemodialysis patients. Vascular dysfunction, a new marker of atherosclerosis, can play a role in this risk. Even though associated with higher mortality in the general population, such vascular evaluation in patients on hemodialysis has not been extensively studied. Methods: In this cross-sectional study, hemodialysis patients were submitted to flow-mediated dilation, subendocardial viability ratio (SEVR) and ejection duration index assessment, in order to estimate the impact of BMD markers on vascular dysfunction...
July 2016: Jornal Brasileiro de Nefrologia: ʹorgão Oficial de Sociedades Brasileira e Latino-Americana de Nefrologia
Karen Pintado-Palomino, Cecília Vilela Matias Vasconcelos, Roberto Juns da Silva, Andre Luiz de Macedo Fressatti, Bianka Jurca Gonçalves da Motta, Fernanda de Carvalho Panzeri Pires-DE-Souza, Camila Tirapelli
The aim of this clinical study was to evaluate tooth color changes (ΔE) and tooth sensitivity (TS) associated with whitening dentifrices. Sixty participants were selected according to inclusion and exclusion criteria and then allocated to three groups (n = 20): Colgate Luminous White (G1), Close Up White Now (G2) and Sorriso dentifrice (G3-control). The participants were instructed to use only the provided dentifrice and toothbrush in standardized oral hygiene procedures for 4 weeks. ΔE was assessed by spectrophotometry (CIELab System) whereas TS was determined by a visual analog scale at baseline and weekly using four assessment points...
October 10, 2016: Brazilian Oral Research
Vinicius Medina Lopes, Joaquim Roberto Costa Lopes, Jean Pierre Barguil Brasileiro, Ingrid de Oliveira, Ricardo Peclat Lacerda, Marcos Renato Dib Andrade, Natália Ivet Zavattiero Tierno, Roberto Costa Cavalcante de Souza, Luiz Augusto Casulari Roxo da Motta
Objective: Vitamin D has several metabolic functions and possible reproductive functions. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of vitamin D deficiency among Brazilian women of reproductive age, and to evaluate the relationship between serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] concentrations and infertility causes. Subjects and methods: This retrospective cross-sectional study evaluated data from a private Brazilian assisted reproduction center that were collected between January 1 and May 5, 2012...
October 10, 2016: Archives of Endocrinology and Metabolism
Marco Bacigaluppi, Gianluca Luigi Russo, Luca Peruzzotti-Jametti, Silvia Rossi, Stefano Sandrone, Erica Butti, Roberta De Ceglia, Andrea Bergamaschi, Caterina Motta, Mattia Gallizioli, Valeria Studer, Emanuela Colombo, Cinthia Farina, Giancarlo Comi, Letterio Salvatore Politi, Luca Muzio, Claudia Villani, Roberto William Invernizzi, Dirk Matthias Hermann, Diego Centonze, Gianvito Martino
: Ischemic stroke is the leading cause of disability, but effective therapies are currently widely lacking. Recovery from stroke is very much dependent on the possibility to develop treatments able to both halt the neurodegenerative process as well as to foster adaptive tissue plasticity. Here we show that ischemic mice treated with neural precursor cell (NPC) transplantation had on neurophysiological analysis, early after treatment, reduced presynaptic release of glutamate within the ipsilesional corticospinal tract (CST), and an enhanced NMDA-mediated excitatory transmission in the contralesional CST...
October 12, 2016: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
L Dioni, S Sucato, V Motta, S Iodice, L Angelici, C Favero, T Cavalleri, L Vigna, B Albetti, S Fustinoni, P Bertazzi, A Pesatori, V Bollati
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Epidemiological studies suggest a link between chromium (Cr) status and cardiovascular disease. Increased urinary excretion of Cr was reported in subjects with diabetes compared with non-diabetic controls and those with non-diabetic insulin resistance. Epigenetic alterations have been linked to the presence of Cr, and microRNA (miRNA) expression has been implicated in the pathogenesis of metabolic diseases and cardiovascular diseases (CVDs). We investigated the association between Cr excretion and miRNA expression in leukocytes from obese subjects...
October 12, 2016: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
C Satriano, G Lupo, C Motta, C D Anfuso, P Di Pietro, B Kasemo
Hybrid nanoassemblies of ferritin and silica-supported lipid bilayers (ferritin-SLBs) have been prepared and tested for the adhesion, spreading and proliferation of retinal microvascular endothelial cells (ECs). Lipid membranes with varying surface charge were obtained by mixing cationic 1-palmitoyl-2-oleoyl-sn-glycero-3-ethylphosphocholine (POEPC) with zwitterionic 1-palmitoyl-2-oleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (POPC) at increasing POPC/POEPC ratios. The supported bilayer formation and their subsequent interaction processes with ferritin were studied at the pH of 7...
October 4, 2016: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
Stefania Tammaro, Palma Simoniello, Filomena Ristoratore, Ugo Coppola, Rosaria Scudiero, Chiara Maria Motta
In this study, our aim was to determine whether caspase 3 plays a role, during previtellogenesis, in the ovarian follicular epithelium of the lizard Podarcis sicula. We investigated the presence and localization of proform and active caspase 3 by enzyme assay, Western blotting and immunocytochemistry. In parallel, a fragment of caspase 3 was cloned for the first time in this species, sequenced and used for in situ hybridization to localize messengers and analysed by a phylogenetic survey to shed light on its homology with reptilian caspases...
October 7, 2016: Cell and Tissue Research
Dayse Sanchez Guimarães Paião, Everton Ferreira Lemos, Andrea da Silva Santos Carbone, Renata Viebrantz Enne Sgarbi, Alexandre Laranjeira Junior, Fellipe Matos da Silva, Letícia Marques Brandão, Luciana Squarizi Dos Santos, Vaneli Silva Martins, Simone Simionatto, Ana Rita Coimbra Motta-Castro, Maurício Antônio Pompílio, Juliana Urrego, Albert Icksang Ko, Jason Randolph Andrews, Julio Croda
BACKGROUND: Globally, prison inmates are a high-risk population for tuberculosis (TB), but the specific drivers of disease and impact of mass screening interventions are poorly understood. METHODS: We performed a prospective cohort study to characterize the incidence and risk factors for tuberculosis infection and disease in 12 Brazilian prisons, and to investigate the effect of mass screening on subsequent disease risk. After recruiting a stratified random sample of inmates, we administered a questionnaire to ascertain symptoms and potential risk factors for tuberculosis; performed tuberculin skin testing (TST); collected sera for HIV testing; and obtained two sputum samples for smear microscopy and culture, from participants reporting a cough of any duration...
October 3, 2016: BMC Infectious Diseases
Fabio Araujo Motta, Libera Maria Dalla-Costa, Marisol Dominguez Muro, Mariana Nadal Cardoso, Gledson Luiz Picharski, Gregory Jaeger, Marion Burger
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate risk factors associated with death due to bloodstream infection caused by Candida spp. in pediatric patients and evaluate the resistance to the main anti-fungal used in clinical practice. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional, observational, analytical study with retrospective collection that included 65 hospitalized pediatric patients with bloodstream infection by Candida spp. A univariate analysis was performed to estimate the association between the characteristics of the candidemia patients and death...
October 3, 2016: Jornal de Pediatria
Ubiratan Paula Santos, Maria Lúcia Siqueira Bueno Garcia, Alfésio Luís Ferreira Braga, Luiz Alberto Amador Pereira, Chin An Lin, Paulo Afonso de André, Carmen Diva Saldiva de André, Julio da Motta Singer, Paulo Hilário Nascimento Saldiva
BACKGROUND: The effects of outdoor air pollution on lung function in adults are still controversial. OBJECTIVE: Evaluate the effects of exposure to different levels of traffic-generated PM2.5 on workers' lung functions in São Paulo, Brazil. METHODS: To cover a wide range of exposures, 101 non-smoking workers from three occupations (taxi drivers, traffic controllers, and forest rangers) were selected for the study. After clinical evaluation, the participants were scheduled to attend four consecutive weekly visits in which they received a 24-hour personal PM2...
2016: PloS One
Felipe Garcia Ribeiro, André Carraro, Janaína Vieira Dos Santos Motta, Denise Petrucci Gigante
Objective To investigate the social impact of literacy on the smoking behavior of illiterate individuals who share the household with literate individuals. Method This cross-sectional study employed data from the 2008 Brazilian National Household Survey (Pesquisa Nacional por Amostra de Domicílios, PNAD). Smokers were defined as individuals reporting use of any tobacco product daily or less than daily. The literacy profiles of residents were identified. Poisson regressions adjusted for skin color, age, and maximum level of literacy in the household were performed...
June 2016: Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública, Pan American Journal of Public Health
Luciana Loureiro Penha, Luísa Hoffmann, Silvanna Sant'Anna de Souza, Allan Cézar de Azevedo Martins, Thayane Bottaro, Francisco Prosdocimi, Débora Souza Faffe, Maria Cristina Machado Motta, Turán Péter Ürményi, Rosane Silva
Trypanosomatids are parasites that cause disease in humans, animals, and plants. Most are non-pathogenic and some harbor a symbiotic bacterium. Endosymbiosis is part of the evolutionary process of vital cell functions such as respiration and photosynthesis. Angomonas deanei is an example of a symbiont-containing trypanosomatid. In this paper, we sought to investigate how symbionts influence host cells by characterising and comparing the transcriptomes of the symbiont-containing A. deanei (wild type) and the symbiont-free aposymbiotic strains...
October 3, 2016: Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz
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