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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142906/hierarchical-modeling-of-patient-and-physician-determinants-of-blood-pressure-outcomes-in-hypertensive-patients-with-and-without-diabetes-pooled-analysis-of-six-observational-valsartan-studies-with-15-282-evaluable-patients
#1
Noha Ashy, Thanh-Nga Nguyen, Kris Denhaerynck, Mahdi Gharaibeh, Abdulaziz Alhossan, Stefaan Vancayzeele, Heidi Brié, Ann Aerts, Karen MacDonald, Ivo Abraham
We pooled data from 6 valsartan-related studies including 3,658 diabetic and 11,624 nondiabetic patients to evaluate blood pressure (BP) outcomes after approximately 90 days of second- or later-line valsartan treatment. Hierarchical linear and logistic regressions were applied to identify determinants of BP outcomes. Similar reductions in BP values and similar BP control rates were achieved in both groups after approximately 90 days of therapy. The modeling analyses identified several common and different patient- and physician-related determinants of BP outcomes for both groups, many of which are modifiable or clinically manageable...
2017: International Journal of Chronic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142798/verification-of-diagnosis-in-tuberculosis-a-case-report-and-discussion
#2
Amanda M Dave, Abed Adelrahman, Vishist Mehta, Stephen Cavalieri, Renuga Vivekanadan
Tuberculosis (TB), caused by strains of Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex (M. tuberculosis), is a pulmonary infection that is spread by airborne droplet transmission. The development and spread of drug-resistant strains of M. tuberculosisgreatly jeopardize TB control efforts. We report the case of a previously healthy 43-year-old male, visiting from China, who presented to the emergency department complaining of hemoptysis of 10 days' duration. Cultures were positive for acid fast bacteria and negative for fungi...
September 3, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141790/cerebral-toxoplasmosis-in-an-ms-patient-receiving-fingolimod
#3
Alejandro Enriquez-Marulanda, Jaime Valderrama-Chaparro, Laura Parrado, Juan Diego Vélez, Ana Maria Granados, Jorge Luis Orozco, Jairo Quiñones
Multiple Sclerosis (MS) is an autoimmune disease in which lymphocytes target putative myelin antigens in the CNS, causing inflammation and neurodegeneration. Fingolimod (FTY720) is an immunosuppressive drug used as a second line therapy for relapsing forms of MS due to its safety profile and good response to treatment. Despite its safety, there are still concerns about the possibility of Fingolimod being linked to the development of opportunistic infections like disseminated varicella zoster infections and herpes simplex encephalitis...
November 2017: Multiple Sclerosis and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141294/-positions-of-the-implanted-stimulating-electrodes-for-artificial-facial-nerve-for-inducing-contraction-of-the-orbicularis-oris-muscle-in-rabbit-with-peripheral-facial-paralysis
#4
D Y Xu, N J Zhao, Y X Zhao, D Luo, Y J Sun, K Y Li
Objective: To explore the optimal positions of the implanted stimulating eletrodes for artificial facial nerve (AFN) for inducing contraction of the orbicularis oris muscle (OOM) in rabbit with peripheral facial paralysis. Methods: According to the four microelectrodes of the AFN stimulating side, four modes of the implanted positions were divided. In line with different modes, the electrodes were implanted into the affected OOM of the rabbits with unilateral peripheral facial paralysis. AFN output electric stimulation to induce contraction of the affected OOM with uniform stimulating frequency and pulse length in vitro...
November 7, 2017: Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137625/variations-in-sagittal-locations-of-anterior-cruciate-ligament-tibial-footprints-and-their-association-with-radiographic-landmarks-a-human-cadaveric-study
#5
Hyung Joon Cho, Tae Kyun Kim, Seung-Baik Kang, Min Uk Do, Chong Bum Chang
BACKGROUND: This cadaveric study aimed to demonstrate variation of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) tibial attachment in the sagittal plane, and to analyze the radiographic landmarks which predict the sagittal location of the ACL tibial attachment. METHODS: In 20 cadaveric knees, native ACLs were removed and the centers of the ACL tibial and femoral attachments were marked with metal pins. Full extension lateral radiographs were then obtained in each cadaveric knee...
November 14, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136603/prolonged-grief-reactions-after-old-age-spousal-loss-and-centrality-of-the-loss-in-post-loss-identity
#6
Lena Eckholdt, Lynn Watson, Maja O'Connor
BACKGROUND: The loss of a spouse is a major life event. Previous research found that centrality of the loss to one's identity using Centrality of Event Scale (CES) is related to complicated bereavement reactions, such as depression, posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTS), and prolonged grief symptoms (PGS). This study aims to examine loss-centrality in elderly bereaved people up to 4 years post loss, to determine the relation of loss-centrality to complicated bereavement reactions, such as PGS, depression, and PTS, and to identify early predictors of loss-centrality...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136563/generation-of-human-ipsc-line-from-a-patient-with-laterality-defects-and-associated-congenital-heart-anomalies-carrying-a-dand5-missense-alteration
#7
Fernando Cristo, José M Inácio, Graça Rosas, Isabel Marques Carreira, Joana Barbosa Melo, Luís Pereira de Almeida, Patrícia Mendes, Duarte Saraiva Martins, José Maio, Rui Anjos, José A Belo
A human iPSC line was generated from exfoliated renal epithelial (ERE) cells of a patient affected with Congenital Heart Disease (CHD) and Laterality Defects carrying tshe variant p.R152H in the DAND5 gene. The transgene-free iPSCs were generated with the human OSKM transcription factor using the Sendai-virus reprogramming system. The established iPSC line had the specific heterozygous alteration, a stable karyotype, expressed pluripotency markers and generated embryoid bodies that can differentiate towards the three germ layers in vitro...
October 31, 2017: Stem Cell Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136185/cognitive-dysfunction-among-newly-diagnosed-older-patients-with-hematological-malignancy-frequency-clinical-indicators-and-predictors
#8
Sayo Aiki, Toru Okuyama, Koji Sugano, Yosuke Kubota, Fuminobu Imai, Masahiro Nishioka, Yoshinori Ito, Shinsuke Iida, Hirokazu Komatsu, Takashi Ishida, Shigeru Kusumoto, Tatsuo Akechi
Background: Medical staff often overlook or underestimate the presence or severity of cognitive dysfunction. The purpose of this study was to clarify the frequency, clinical indicators and predictors of cognitive dysfunction among newly diagnosed older patients with hematologic malignancy receiving first-line chemotherapy. Methods: Patients aged 65 years or over with a primary diagnosis of malignant lymphoma or multiple myeloma were consecutively recruited. Cognitive dysfunction was evaluated using the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) twice: before starting chemotherapy (T1) and 1 month later (T2)...
November 10, 2017: Japanese Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133391/adaptive-benefits-from-small-mutation-supplies-in-an-antibiotic-resistance-enzyme
#9
Merijn L M Salverda, Jeroen Koomen, Bertha Koopmanschap, Mark P Zwart, J Arjan G M de Visser
Populations with large mutation supplies adapt via the "greedy" substitution of the fittest genotype available, leading to fast and repeatable short-term responses. At longer time scales, smaller mutation supplies may in theory lead to larger improvements when distant high-fitness genotypes more readily evolve from lower-fitness intermediates. Here we test for long-term adaptive benefits from small mutation supplies using in vitro evolution of an antibiotic-degrading enzyme in the presence of a novel antibiotic...
November 13, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132326/association-between-gene-expression-profile-of-the-primary-tumor-and-chemotherapy-response-of-metastatic-breast-cancer
#10
Cemile Dilara Savci-Heijink, Hans Halfwerk, Jan Koster, Marc Joan Van de Vijver
BACKGROUND: To better predict the likelihood of response to chemotherapy, we have conducted a study comparing the gene expression patterns of primary tumours with their corresponding response to systemic chemotherapy in the metastatic setting. METHODS: mRNA expression profiles of breast carcinomas of patients that later developed distant metastases were analyzed using supervised and non-supervised classification techniques to identify predictors of response to chemotherapy...
November 13, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131985/analysis-of-contaminated-nuclear-plant-steel-by-laser-induced-breakdown-spectroscopy
#11
Adam Lang, Dirk Engelberg, Nicholas T Smith, Divyesh Trivedi, Owen Horsfall, Anthony Banford, Philip A Martin, Paul Coffey, William R Bower, Clemens Walther, Martin Weiß, Hauke Bosco, Alex Jenkins, Gareth T W Law
Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (LIBS) has the potential to allow direct, standoff measurement of contaminants on nuclear plant. Here, LIBS is evaluated as an analytical tool for measurement of Sr and Cs contamination on type 304 stainless steel surfaces. Samples were reacted in model acidic (PUREX reprocessing) and alkaline (spent fuel ponds) Sr and Cs bearing liquors, with LIBS multi-pulse ablation also explored to measure contaminant penetration. The Sr II (407.77nm) and Cs I (894.35nm) emission lines could be separated from the bulk emission spectra, though only Sr could be reliably detected at surface loadings >0...
November 7, 2017: Journal of Hazardous Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131664/tissue-repair-after-selective-alveolar-corticotomy-in-orthodontic-patients-a-preliminary-study
#12
Raquel Bueno Medeiros, Fabio Ramoa Pires, Alpdogan Kantarci, Jonas Capelli
OBJECTIVES: To analyze histologic findings of bone remodeling at the time of surgery and 90 days later at corticotomized and noncorticotomized sites. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eight adult patients with bilaterally inclined mandibular molars were included in this split-mouth study. Corticotomy was performed on the test side, and bone was harvested on both mandibular hemi-arches. Bone blocks were shipped to Forsyth Institute lab (Boston, Mass). After surgery, cantilevers were activated to upright inclined mandibular molars on both sides...
November 13, 2017: Angle Orthodontist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131663/factors-associated-with-long-term-vertical-skeletal-changes-induced-by-facemask-therapy-in-patients-with-class-iii-malocclusion
#13
Hee-Jong Kwak, Hae-Jin Park, Yoon-Ji Kim, Dong-Yul Lee
OBJECTIVES: This study investigated the long-term vertical skeletal changes induced by facemask therapy in patients with Class III malocclusion and different vertical skeletal patterns. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 54 patients (20 boys and 34 girls; mean age, 7.7 ± 2.0 years) with Class III malocclusion who were successfully treated with facemask therapy were included in this study. Vertical skeletal changes (overbite depth indicator, angle between the Sella-Nasion (SN) plane and Gonion-Gnathion (GoGn) line, angle between the Frankfort horizontal (FH) plane and mandibular plane, gonial angle, and angle between the SN plane and palatal plane) were measured on lateral cephalograms from before treatment (T0) to after facemask therapy (T1) and from T0 to after retention (T2)...
November 13, 2017: Angle Orthodontist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128334/a-map-of-human-mitochondrial-protein-interactions-linked-to-neurodegeneration-reveals-new-mechanisms-of-redox-homeostasis-and-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-signaling
#14
Ramy H Malty, Hiroyuki Aoki, Ashwani Kumar, Sadhna Phanse, Shahreen Amin, Qingzhou Zhang, Zoran Minic, Florian Goebels, Gabriel Musso, Zhuoran Wu, Hosam Abou-Tok, Michael Meyer, Viktor Deineko, Sandy Kassir, Vishaldeep Sidhu, Matthew Jessulat, Nichollas E Scott, Xuejian Xiong, James Vlasblom, Bhanu Prasad, Leonard J Foster, Tiziana Alberio, Barbara Garavaglia, Haiyuan Yu, Gary D Bader, Ken Nakamura, John Parkinson, Mohan Babu
Mitochondrial protein (MP) dysfunction has been linked to neurodegenerative disorders (NDs); however, the discovery of the molecular mechanisms underlying NDs has been impeded by the limited characterization of interactions governing MP function. Here, using mass spectrometry (MS)-based analysis of 210 affinity-purified mitochondrial (mt) fractions isolated from 27 epitope-tagged human ND-linked MPs in HEK293 cells, we report a high-confidence MP network including 1,964 interactions among 772 proteins (>90% previously unreported)...
November 7, 2017: Cell Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127818/cytokinesis-block-micronucleus-cytome-assay-parameters-in-peripheral-blood-lymphocytes-of-the-general-population-contribution-of-age-sex-seasonal-variations-and-lifestyle-factors
#15
Goran Gajski, Marko Gerić, Višnja Oreščanin, Vera Garaj-Vrhovac
The cytokinesis-block micronucleus cytome (CBMN Cyt) assay was used to evaluate the baseline frequency of cytogenetic damage in peripheral blood lymphocytes of the general population (average age, 38.28 ± 12.83 years) in relation to age, sex, body mass index, seasonal variations (season of sampling, period of sampling and different meteorological parameters) and lifestyle factors (smoking habit, alcohol consumption, exposure to medications and diagnostic radiation, physical activity, and family history of cancer)...
November 8, 2017: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127470/rectus-abdominis-muscle-innervation-an-anatomical-study-with-surgical-implications-in-diep-flap-harvesting
#16
Carla Stecco, Gian Paolo Azzena, Veronica Macchi, Andrea Porzionato, Astrid Behr, Anna Rambaldo, Cesare Tiengo, Raffaele De Caro
PURPOSE: To improve the current knowledge of rectus abdominis innervation, so as to identify a safe area where the vascular pedicle should be dissected to reduce the risk of nerve damage during deep inferior epigastric perforator (DIEP) flap harvesting. METHODS: Ten abdominal wall dissections were performed. Perforating arteries were identified and classified into nerve-related perforators and non-nerve-related perforators depending on the presence of nerve branches crossing vessels...
November 10, 2017: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127056/metabolites-identificaion-of-two-bioactive-constituents-in-trollius-ledebourii-in-rats-using-ultra-high-performance-liquid-chromatography-coupled-to-quadrupole-time-of-flight-mass-spectrometry
#17
Man Liao, Xiaoye Cheng, Xinpeng Diao, Yupeng Sun, Lantong Zhang
Orientin and vitexin, 4'-hydroxyl-2-phenylchromen-4-one, are both major flavones derivatives found in Trollius ledebourii possessing definite pharmacological activities. In this study, in vitro metabolisms investigated on rat liver microsomes (RLMs) and in vivo metabolisms explored on Male Sprague Dawley rats of orientin and vitexin were tested, respectively. A systematic method based on ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography coupled to quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry (UHPLC-Q-TOF-MS) was developed to characterize metabolites by means of electrospray ionization (ESI) mass spectrometry in positive ion mode...
November 2, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. B, Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126814/a-daily-topical-decontamination-regimen-reduces-catheter-related-bloodstream-infections-in-haematology-patients
#18
C Samuelson, H Kaur, E I Kritsotakis, S D Goode, A Nield, D Partridge
OBJECTIVES: To assess impact of a topical decontamination regimen on rates of catheter-related bloodstream infections (CRBSI) in intensively-treated haematology patients. METHODS: A historically-controlled cohort study was used to evaluate the effect of applying chlorhexidine or Octenisan® body washes and nasal Prontoderm® ointment for 5 days around the time of Hickman line insertion on the incidence of CRBSI and infection-free catheter time. Lines inserted during a 24 month period prior to implementation of the decolonisation regimen were compared with those inserted during a 12 month period after the intervention was applied...
November 7, 2017: Journal of Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126760/nuances-in-component-nasal-hump-reduction
#19
Haneen Sadick, Julian M Rowe-Jones, Holger G Gassner
IMPORTANCE: Nasal hump reduction is a frequent manoeuvre in rhinoplasty. Over the last years, composite hump reduction has been advocated in favour of component hump reduction. The latter allows a more controlled and stepwise approach in reducing the nasal dorsum by deprojecting the cartilaginous dorsum separately from the bony dorsum. This approach also preserves the upper lateral cartilages (ULCs) and their mucosa. OBJECTIVE: To analyse the intricacies of the anatomic transition zone between the ULCs, the rhinion and the nasal bones as they pertain to component hump reduction...
October 20, 2017: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery: JPRAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126749/corrigendum-to-efficacy-of-e2-glycoprotein-fused-to-porcine-cd154-as-a-novel-chimeric-subunit-vaccine-to-prevent-classical-swine-fever-virus-vertical-transmission-in-pregnant-sows
#20
Sara Muñoz-González, Yusmel Sordo, Marta Pérez-Simó, Marisela Suarez, Albert Canturri, Maria Pilar Rodriguez, María Teresa Frías-Lepoureau, Mariano Domingo, Mario Pablo Estrada, Llilianne Ganges
Here we evaluated the effect of double vaccination with a novel subunit marker vaccine candidate based in the CSFV E2 glycoprotein fused to the porcine CD154 to prevent CSFV vertical transmission. A lentivirus-based gene delivery system was used to obtain a stable recombinant HEK 293 cell line for the expression of E2 fused to porcine CD154 molecule. Six pregnant sows were distributed in two groups and at 64days of gestation animals numbered 1-4 (group 1) were vaccinated via intramuscular inoculation with 50μg of E2-CD154 subunit vaccine...
November 7, 2017: Veterinary Microbiology
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