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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231051/short-communication-challenges-relating-to-comparison-of-flavonoid-glycosides-dissolution-profiles-from-sutherlandia-frutescens-products
#1
Oluchi N Mbamalu, James Syce, Halima Samsodien
Unlike the case of conventional drug formulations, dissolution tests have hitherto not been required for herbal medicinal products commercially available in South Africa. This study investigated dissolution of the South African Sutherlandia frutescens using selected flavonoid glycosides as marker compounds. Dissolution of markers was assessed in three dissolution media at pH 1.2, 4.5 and 6.8, and samples were analysed using a validated HPLC method. The dissolution profile of each marker varied for the different materials investigated...
March 1, 2017: Acta Pharmaceutica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230759/analysis-of-the-total-biflavonoids-extract-from-selaginella-doederleinii-by-hplc-qtof-ms-and-its-in-vitro-and-in-vivo-anticancer-effects
#2
Hong Yao, Bing Chen, Yanyan Zhang, Huigen Ou, Yuxiang Li, Shaoguang Li, Peiying Shi, Xinhua Lin
Selaginella doederleinii Hieron has been traditionally used as a folk antitumor herbal medicine in China. In this paper, the phytochemical components of the total biflavonoids extract from S. doederleinii were studied by using high-performance liquid chromatography coupled with electrospray ionization quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry (HPLC-ESI-QTOF MS/MS) in negative ion mode, and their in vitro and in vivo anticancer effects were evaluated. Four types of biflavonoids from S. doederleinii, including IC3'-IIC8'', IC3'-IIC6'', IC3'-IIC3''', and C-O linked biflavonoids were examined originally using QTOF MS/MS...
February 20, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228098/anti-obesity-effect-of-ethanolic-extract-from-cosmos-caudatus-kunth-leaf-in-lean-rats-fed-a-high-fat-diet
#3
Hafeedza Abdul Rahman, Najla Gooda Sahib, Nazamid Saari, Faridah Abas, Amin Ismail, Muhammad Waseem Mumtaz, Azizah Abdul Hamid
BACKGROUND: Obesity is a major health concern both in developed and developing countries. The use of herbal medicines became the subject of interest for the management of obesity due to its natural origin, cost effectiveness and minimal side effects. The present study aimed at investigating anti-obesity potential of ethanolic extract from Cosmos caudatus Kunth leaf (EECCL). METHODS: In this study, the rats were randomly divided into six groups i.e., (1) Normal Diet (ND); (2) Normal Diet and 175 mg/kgBW of EECCL (ND + 175 mg/kgBW); (3) Normal Diet and 350 mg/kgBW of EECCL (ND + 350 mg/kgBW); (4) High Fat Diet (HFD); (5) High Fat Diet and 175 mg/kgBW of EECCL (HFD + 175 mg/kgBW); (6) High Fat Diet and 350 mg/kgBW of EECCL (HFD + 350 mg/kgBW)...
February 22, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225023/traditional-chinese-medicine-suppresses-left-ventricular-hypertrophy-by-targeting-extracellular-signal-regulated-kinases-signaling-pathway-in-spontaneously-hypertensive-rats
#4
Xingjiang Xiong, Xiaochen Yang, Lian Duan, Wei Liu, Yun Zhang, Yongmei Liu, Pengqian Wang, Shengjie Li, Xiaoke Li
Chinese herbal medicine Bu-Shen-Jiang-Ya decoction (BSJYD) is reported to be beneficial for hypertension. Over expression of extracellular signal regulated kinases (ERK) pathway plays an important role in left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH). This study aimed to observe effects of BSJYD on LVH in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRs) and explore its possible mechanism on regulation of ERK pathway. Sixty 12-week-old SHRs were randomly allocated into 5 groups: BSJYD high dose group, middle dose group, low dose group, captopril group, and control group...
February 22, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224284/complementary-and-alternative-medicine-use-in-rheumatoid-arthritis-considerations-for-the-pharmacological-management-of-elderly-patients
#5
REVIEW
Sizheng Zhao, Fred Otieno, Asan Akpan, Robert J Moots
Complementary and alternative medicines (CAMs) are widely used by patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA); however, a significant proportion of these patients do not inform their physicians. This has many potential implications in a group of predominantly elderly patients with altered pharmacokinetics, comorbidities and polypharmacy of potentially toxic drugs. CAM usage may affect compliance and pharmacokinetics of conventional therapy for RA and comorbidities; therefore, physicians should engage patients in dialogues regarding CAM usage...
February 21, 2017: Drugs & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223897/ellen-kamhi-phd-rn-herbal-support-for-the-hpa-axis
#6
Craig Gustafson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223891/what-should-we-tell-our-patients-about-marijuana-cannabis-indica-and-cannabis-sativa
#7
EDITORIAL
Joseph Pizzorno
With several states allowing medicinal use of marijuana and a growing number decriminalizing recreational use, many of our patients are using this herbal drug. Approximately 43% of US adults have tried marijuana, with 13% using it regularly. These users are seeking help from integrative medicine practitioners regarding safety. They are looking for advice based on research and clinical experience, not politics or philosophical bias. The major health problems caused by marijuana appear to be bronchial irritation, decreased motivation, learning difficulties, and injuries...
December 2016: Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223850/unusual-etiology-of-gastrointestinal-symptoms-the-case-of-jojoba-butter
#8
Michael R Minckler, Joseph Fisher, Rachel Bowers, Richard Amini
BACKGROUND: Jojoba butter is cyanogenic and has gained attention among herbal supplement consumers due to claims that it may aid in weight loss. Jojoba butter is extracted from the seeds of jojoba shrubs found in the Sonoran Desert. The seeds have long been recognized as inedible, however clinical symptoms following ingestion are not well documented. CASE REPORT: This report describes a patient who developed restlessness and gastrointestinal complaints following ingestion of homemade jojoba seed butter...
2017: Open Access Emergency Medicine: OAEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222891/coumarins-scaffolds-as-cox-inhibitors
#9
REVIEW
Hrishikesh Mohan Revankar, Syed Nasir Abbas Bukhari, Gajjela Bharath Kumar, Hua-Li Qin
The discovery of COX enzymes has led to a better understanding of inflammation and its related biological pathways. Apart from being related to inflammation and pain, it has also been associated with cancer and neuropsychiatric diseases such as schizophrenia. Proverbially speaking, study of these enzymes has been crucial as they happen to "have fingers in many pies". Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAID) that act specifically as COX-2 inhibitors have been known for a while; however these are also associated with severe side effects such as cardiac problems...
February 9, 2017: Bioorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222401/combination-of-sitagliptin-and-silymarin-ameliorates-liver-fibrosis-induced-by-carbon-tetrachloride-in-rats
#10
Samia Salem Sokar, Magda El-Sayed El-Sayad, Mai El-Sayed Ghoneim, Abdelhadi Mohamed Shebl
Liver fibrosis is a common pathological condition that occurs in most conditions associated with chronic liver injury. Silymarin is a herbal product widely used for its hepatoprotective effect. Sitagliptin, a dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitor (DPP4-I), is clinically used as an oral antidiabetic agent. This study was designed to investigate the effects of Sitagliptin, Silymarin, and their combination on established liver fibrosis in carbon tetrachloride (CCl4) rat model. Male albino rats received intraperitoneal injections of CCl4 three times a week for 7 weeks, as well as daily oral treatments of Sitagliptin (100mg/kg) or Silymarin (100mg/kg) or their combination during the 7 weeks of intoxication...
February 18, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222350/a-thdreb-gene-from-tamarix-hispida-improved-the-salt-and-drought-tolerance-of-transgenic-tobacco-and-t-%C3%A2-hispida
#11
Guiyan Yang, Lili Yu, Kaimin Zhang, Yulin Zhao, Yucong Guo, Caiqiu Gao
Dehydration-responsive element-binding (DREB) transcription factors are important abiotic stress tolerance related genes, and some reports on the roles of DREB have primarily addressed herbal plants. To explore the abiotic stress tolerance role of DREB (ThDREB) from Tamarix hispida, a ThDREB gene with a complete ORF of 783 bp that encodes a 28.74 kDa protein with 260 amino acids, was isolated and functionally annotated. ThDREB expression was highly induced by NaCl, PEG, NaHCO3 and CdCl2 treatments, and the highest expression level (369...
February 10, 2017: Plant Physiology and Biochemistry: PPB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220135/differential-gene-expression-analysis-in-polygonum-minus-leaf-upon-24-h-of-methyl-jasmonate-elicitation
#12
Reyhaneh Rahnamaie-Tajadod, Kok-Keong Loke, Hoe-Han Goh, Normah M Noor
Polygonum minus is an herbal plant that grows in Southeast Asian countries and traditionally used as medicine. This plant produces diverse secondary metabolites such as phenolic compounds and their derivatives, which are known to have roles in plant abiotic and biotic stress responses. Methyl jasmonate (MeJA) is a plant signaling molecule that triggers transcriptional reprogramming in secondary metabolism and activation of defense responses against many biotic and abiotic stresses. However, the effect of MeJA elicitation on the genome-wide expression profile in the leaf tissue of P...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219798/integrative-hepatoprotective-efficacy-comparison-of-raw-and-vinegar-baked-radix-bupleuri-using-nuclear-magnetic-resonance-based-metabolomics
#13
Jie Xing, Hui-Min Sun, Jin-Ping Jia, Xue-Mei Qin, Zhen-Yu Li
Radix Bupleuri (RB), with a Chinese name Chaihu, is one of the most popular Traditional Chinese herbal drug. It can be baked with vinegar to afford vinegar-baked Radix Bupleuri (VBRB), which is used in Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) for liver diseases treatment. In the present study, nuclear magnetic resonance-based metabolomic approach was used to compare the liver protective effect of RB and two types of VBRBs, which were prepared by two kinds of vinegar. The contents of 14 metabolites in the liver of carbon tetrachloride (CCl4) treated mice were significantly altered in comparison with control group, and VBRB prepared by Shanxi vinegar showed best effect as revealed by the amount and regulatory degree of the perturbed metabolites...
February 7, 2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219727/economic-botany-collections-a-source-of-material-evidence-for-exploring-historical-changes-in-chinese-medicinal-materials
#14
Eric Brand, Christine Leon, Mark Nesbitt, Ping Guo, Ran Huang, Hubiao Chen, Li Liang, Zhongzhen Zhao
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Many Chinese medicinal materials (CMMs) have changed over centuries of use, particularly in terms of their botanical identity and processing methods. In some cases, these changes have important implications for safety and efficacy in modern clinical practice. As most previous research has focused on clarifying the evolution of CMMs by analyzing traditional Chinese materia medica ("bencao") literature, assessments of historical collections are needed to validate these conclusions with material evidence...
February 17, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219687/structural-modulation-of-gut-microbiota-during-alleviation-of-antibiotic-associated-diarrhea-with-herbal-formula
#15
Weijie Lv, Cui Liu, Chunxin Ye, Jiaqi Sun, Xiaowen Tan, Chao Zhang, Qian Qu, Dayou Shi, Shining Guo
The gut microbiome is hypothesized to play a critical role in gastrointestinal diseases, including antibiotic-associated diarrhea (AAD). To determine whether the traditional Chinese herbal formula of Shen Ling Bai Zhu San (SLBZS) modulates the composition of the gut microbiome during AAD treatment, an AAD diarrhea model was prepared in rats by gastric gavage with lincomycin for 7 successive days, followed by administration of SLBZS for one week. At all time points after the SLBZS treatment, the diarrhea rates were significantly or at least numerically lower than that of the untreated model group...
February 17, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219592/urgent-liver-transplantation-for-dietary-supplements-an-under-recognized-problem
#16
L L Wong, L Lacar, M Roytman, S L Orloff
BACKGROUND: The recent outbreak of acute liver failure caused by herbal/dietary supplements (HDS) in Hawaii prompted evaluation of those patients who underwent emergency liver transplantation (LT) for HDS in the United States. METHODS: We queried the Scientific Registry of Transplant Recipients (2003-2015) to identify patients who underwent urgent LT for acute hepatic necrosis (AHN) and identified those with HDS use. This group of patients was then characterized...
March 2017: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219357/prescription-frequency-and-patterns-of-chinese-herbal-medicine-for-liver-cancer-patients-in-taiwan-a-cross-sectional-analysis-of-the-national-health-insurance-research-database
#17
Chin-Tsung Ting, Chian-Jue Kuo, Hsiao-Yun Hu, Ya-Ling Lee, Tung-Hu Tsai
BACKGROUND: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the third leading cause of cancer-related deaths worldwide. Chinese herbal medicine (CHM) is frequently provided to HCC patients. The aim of this study was to understand the prescription frequency and patterns of CHM for HCC patients by analyzing the claims data from the National Health Insurance (NHI) in Taiwan. METHODS: We identified 73918 newly diagnosed HCC subjects from the database of Registry for Catastrophic Illness during 2002 to 2009 and to analyze the frequency and pattern of corresponding CHM prescriptions for HCC patients...
February 20, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218661/exploring-the-effect-of-lactium%C3%A2-and-zizyphus-complex-on-sleep-quality-a-double-blind-randomized-placebo-controlled-trial
#18
Andrew Scholey, Sarah Benson, Amy Gibbs, Naomi Perry, Jerome Sarris, Greg Murray
Acute, non-clinical insomnia is not uncommon. Sufferers commonly turn to short-term use of herbal supplements to alleviate the symptoms. This placebo-controlled, double-blind study investigated the efficacy of LZComplex3 (lactium™, Zizyphus, Humulus lupulus, magnesium and vitamin B6), in otherwise healthy adults with mild insomnia. After a 7-day single-blind placebo run-in, eligible volunteers (n = 171) were randomized (1:1) to receive daily treatment for 2 weeks with LZComplex3 or placebo. Results revealed that sleep quality measured by change in Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) score improved in both the LZComplex3 and placebo groups...
February 17, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218280/mangiferin-from-pueraria-tuberosa-reduces-inflammation-via-inactivation-of-nlrp3-inflammasome
#19
Ramakrishna K Bulugonda, Kotha Anil Kumar, D Gangappa, Harshavardhan Beeda, Gundala Harold Philip, Dowlathabad Muralidhara Rao, Syed M Faisal
Recent reports have demonstrated the role of phyto-constituents in modulating inflammatory responses. Mangiferin isolated from Mangifera indica is known to induce potent anti-oxidative, anti-diabetic and anti-inflammatory activity. However, the molecular mechanism of its anti-inflammatory activity is not properly understood. In this study we have isolated Mangiferin from the tubers of Pueraria tuberosa (PT-Mangiferin) and analysed the mechanism of its potent anti-inflammatory effects in LPS stimulated RAW 264...
February 20, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217823/novel-insight-from-computational-virtual-screening-depict-the-binding-potential-of-selected-phytotherapeutics-against-probable-drug-targets-of-clostridium-difficile
#20
Suman Kamath, Sinosh Skariyachan
This study explores computational screening and molecular docking approaches to screen novel herbal therapeutics against probable drug targets of Clostridium difficile. The essential genes were predicted by comparative genome analysis of C. difficile and best homologous organisms using BLAST search at database of essential genes (DEG). The functions of these genes in various metabolic pathways were predicted and some of these genes were considered as potential targets. Three major proteins were selected as putative targets, namely permease IIC component, ABC transporter and histidine kinase...
February 20, 2017: Interdisciplinary Sciences, Computational Life Sciences
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