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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353208/natural-products-berberine-and-curcumin-exhibited-better-ameliorative-effects-on-rats-with-non-alcohol-fatty-liver-disease-than-lovastatin
#1
Wu-Wen Feng, Shuang-Yu Kuang, Can Tu, Zhi-Jie Ma, Jing-Yao Pang, Yan-Hui Wang, Qing-Ce Zang, Ta-Si Liu, Yan-Ling Zhao, Xiao-He Xiao, Jia-Bo Wang
Studies have shown that satins and herbal products have potential to treat non-alcohol fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in clinic. However, no study has compared their effects, and their mechanisms remain unresolved. Here, we choose lovastatin and two herbal products including berberine and curcumin to compare their effects in treating NAFLD. NAFLD model was established by high fat food, and rats were administrated with lovastatin, berberine, curcumin, berberine + curcumin at the dosage of 100, 100, 100, 50 + 50 mg/kg bw, respectively...
January 17, 2018: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353003/urine-and-plasma-metabolomics-study-on-potential-hepatoxic-biomarkers-identification-in-rats-induced-by-gynura-segetum
#2
Qiu Shoubei, Zhang Haixia, Fei Qianqian, Zhu Fenxia, Wang Jing, Jia Xiaobin, Chen Bin
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Gynura segetum (GS) is an herbal medicine containing Pyrrolizidine Alkaloids (PAs) that causes hepatic sinusoidal obstruction syndrome (HSOS). AIM OF THE STUDY: To discover potential biomarkers and metabolic mechanisms involved in the hepatotoxicity induced by GS. METHODS: SD rats were randomly divided into 4 groups including Saline, the decoction of GS high, medium and low dosage at dosages of 3.75g • kg-1, 7...
January 15, 2018: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352909/a-review-of-polysaccharides-from-schisandra-chinensis-and-schisandra-sphenanthera-properties-functions-and-applications
#3
REVIEW
Zijian Li, Xin He, Fei Liu, Jue Wang, Juan Feng
Schisandra is an herbal plant resource with dual functions in medicine and food since ancient times. It has a variety of healthcare and therapeutic effects. Schisandra chinensis (Turcz.) Baill and Schisandra sphenanthera Rehd. et Wits are two of the most commonly used Schisandra. Traditional Chinese medicine experience has shown that water-soluble polysaccharide from Schisandra may be one of its main components with pharmacological effects. Progress in the industrial production and extraction process of plant polysaccharides, especially Chinese medicine polysaccharides in the past three decades, have led to many new discoveries about Schisandra polysaccharides in the fields of purification and identification...
March 15, 2018: Carbohydrate Polymers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352465/efficacy-of-local-phytotherapy-in-the-nonsurgical-treatment-of-periodontal-disease-a-systematic-review
#4
REVIEW
M G Moro, M L Silveira Souto, G C N Franco, M Holzhausen, C M Pannuti
Herbal drugs are commonly used in the treatment of several diseases, including periodontitis. So far, no systematic review had evaluated the evidence regarding the efficacy of these agents in the treatment of periodontal disease. Therefore, the purpose of this review was to evaluate the effect of local application of phytotherapic agents as adjuncts to scaling and root planing (SRP), compared to SRP alone, on clinical parameters of chronic periodontal patients. Only randomized controlled trials of at least 3 months follow-up, of SRP alone in association with local phytotherapic agents were included...
January 19, 2018: Journal of Periodontal Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352182/chloroplast-genomic-resources-for-phylogeny-and-dna-barcoding-a-case-study-on-fritillaria
#5
Yu Bi, Ming-Fang Zhang, Jing Xue, Ran Dong, Yun-Peng Du, Xiu-Hai Zhang
The genus Fritillaria comprises approximately 130 perennial herbaceous species. In the Pharmacopoeia of the People's Republic of China, the bulbs of 11 Fritillaria species are used in Chinese herbal medicines. However, the traditional methods of morphological classification cannot accurately identify closely related species of Fritillaria. Previous studies have attempted to identify these species with universal molecular markers, but insufficient phylogenetic signal was available. In this study, the complete chloroplast genomes of eight Fritillaria species were compared...
January 19, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29348717/high-performance-liquid-chromatography-analysis-of-phytosterols-in-panax-ginseng-root-grown-under-different-conditions
#6
Dong Gu Lee, Jaemin Lee, Kyung-Tack Kim, Sang-Won Lee, Young-Ock Kim, Ik-Hyun Cho, Hak-Jae Kim, Chun-Gun Park, Sanghyun Lee
Background: The Panax ginseng plant is used as an herbal medicine. Phytosterols of P. ginseng have inhibitory effects on inflammation-related factors in HepG2 cells. Methods: Phytosterols (e.g., stigmasterol and β-sitosterol) in the roots of P. ginseng grown under various conditions were analyzed using high-performance liquid chromatography. The P. ginseng roots analyzed in this study were collected from three cultivation areas in Korea (i.e., Geumsan, Yeongju, and Jinan) and differed by cultivation year (i...
January 2018: Journal of Ginseng Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345396/performance-rumen-fermentation-and-blood-metabolites-of-dairy-calves-fed-starter-mixtures-supplemented-with-herbal-plants-essential-oils-or-monensin
#7
M Akbarian-Tefaghi, E Ghasemi, M Khorvash
This study evaluated the supplementation effects of three herbal plants (thyme [THY], eucalyptus [EUC] and celery [CEL]), a commercial phytogenic additive ‎containing essential oils (PFA-EO, Digestarom® P.E.P.) and monensin (MON) in calf starter on performance, rumen fermentation and blood metabolites during pre- (days 3-55) and post-weaning (days 56-70). Sixty-six Holstein dairy calves (3 days of age, 41.2 ± 3 kg of BW) were allocated to one of six starters supplemented with: (i) no additives (CON), (ii) MON (30 mg/kg), (iii) THY (23 g/kg), (iv) CEL (23 g/kg), (v) EUC (23 g/kg) and (vi) PFA-EO (3 g/kg)...
January 18, 2018: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344817/the-content-of-mercury-in-herbal-dietary-supplements
#8
Barbara Brodziak-Dopierała, Agnieszka Fischer, Wioletta Szczelina, Jerzy Stojko
The dietary supplement market in Poland has been growing rapidly, and the number of registered products and their consumption increases steadily. Among the most popular and the easiest to get are herbal supplements, available in any supermarket. The aim of this paper was to investigate the mercury content in the herbal supplements. The dietary supplements that have been examined (24) are available on the Polish market and contain one or more herbal ingredients. Supplements were pulverized in porcelain mortar and identified by AMA 254 atomic absorption spectrometer...
January 17, 2018: Biological Trace Element Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344421/anti-aging-implications-of-astragalus-membranaceus-huangqi-a-well-known-chinese-tonic
#9
REVIEW
Ping Liu, Haiping Zhao, Yumin Luo
Owing to a dramatic increase in average life expectancy and the Family Planning program of the 1970s - 1990s, China is rapidly becoming an aging society. Therefore, the investigation of healthspan-extending drugs becomes more urgent. Astragalus membranaceus (Huangqi) is a major medicinal herb that has been commonly used in many herbal formulations in the practice of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) to treat a wide variety of diseases and body disorders, or marketed as life-prolonging extracts for human use in China, for more than 2000 years...
December 2017: Aging and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344414/herba-cistanches-anti-aging
#10
REVIEW
Ningqun Wang, Shaozhen Ji, Hao Zhang, Shanshan Mei, Lumin Qiao, Xianglan Jin
The Cistanche species ("Rou Cong Rong" in Chinese) is an endangered wild species growing in arid or semi-arid areas. The dried fleshy stem of Cistanches has been used as a tonic in China for many years. Modern pharmacological studies have since demonstrated that Herba Cistanches possesses broad medicinal functions, especially for use in anti-senescence, anti-oxidation, neuroprotection, anti-inflammation, hepatoprotection, immunomodulation, anti-neoplastic, anti-osteoporosis and the promotion of bone formation...
December 2017: Aging and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344328/management-of-functional-dyspepsia-state-of-the-art-and-emerging-therapies
#11
REVIEW
Hiroshi Yamawaki, Seiji Futagami, Mako Wakabayashi, Noriko Sakasegawa, Shuhei Agawa, Kazutoshi Higuchi, Yasuhiro Kodaka, Katsuhiko Iwakiri
Patients with functional dyspepsia, defined in the 2016 Rome IV criteria as bothersome clinical dyspepsia symptoms, experience markedly reduced quality of life. Several etiologies have been associated with the disorder. In the Rome IV criteria, the brain-gut axis was acknowledged as an important factor in the etiology of functional gastrointestinal (GI) disorders. The distinct subgroups of functional dyspepsia, epigastric pain syndrome (EPS) and postprandial distress syndrome (PDS), are treated differently: acid secretion inhibitors are recommended with patients with EPS, whereas prokinetic drugs as mosapride and acotiamide are recommended for patients with PDS...
January 2018: Therapeutic Advances in Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344222/herbal-compound-teng-long-bu-zhong-tang-inhibits-metastasis-in-human-rko-colon-carcinoma
#12
Meng-Meng Wei, Shuang-Shuang Wang, Jia-Lu Zheng, Jin-Jun Chen, Xia Yan, Hong-Mei An, Bing Hu
Metastasis is one of the primary obstacles to the successful treatment of colorectal cancer. Teng-Long-Bu-Zhong-Tang (TLBZT) is a modern Chinese herbal formula that may be useful in the treatment of metastatic colorectal cancer. The present study evaluated the effects of TLBZT on lung metastasis in human RKO colon carcinoma cells injected into mice via the tail vein. The results demonstrated that TLBZT inhibited the metastasis of human RKO colon carcinoma cells to the lungs. TLBZT downregulated the expression of LOX and hypoxia-inducible factor 1α...
December 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343628/keeping-the-home-fires-burning-amp-activated-protein-kinase
#13
REVIEW
D Grahame Hardie
Living cells obtain energy either by oxidizing reduced compounds of organic or mineral origin or by absorbing light. Whichever energy source is used, some of the energy released is conserved by converting adenosine diphosphate (ADP) to adenosine triphosphate (ATP), which are analogous to the chemicals in a rechargeable battery. The energy released by the conversion of ATP back to ADP is used to drive most energy-requiring processes, including cell growth, cell division, communication and movement. It is clearly essential to life that the production and consumption of ATP are always maintained in balance, and the AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) is one of the key cellular regulatory systems that ensures this...
January 2018: Journal of the Royal Society, Interface
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342955/pharmacokinetics-of-schizandrin-and-its-pharmaceutical-products-assessed-using-a-validated-lc-ms-ms-method
#14
Chi-Lin Li, Yung-Yi Cheng, Chen-Hsi Hsieh, Tung-Hu Tsai
Schisandra chinensis has been used as an important component in various prescriptions in traditional Chinese medicine and, more recently, in Western-based medicine for its anti-hepatotoxic effect. The aim of this study was to develop a selective, rapid, and sensitive ultra-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry method for pharmacokinetic studies of schizandrin in rats. Liquid-liquid extraction was used for plasma sample preparation. A UHPLC reverse-phase C18e column (100 mm × 2.1 mm, 2 μm) coupled with a mobile phase of methanol-0...
January 15, 2018: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341952/a-pharmacological-review-leptadenia-reticulata-wight-arn-jivanti-the-real-life-giving-plant
#15
Jayesh M Dhalani, Pankaj B Nariya
The present review reveals a comprehensive description of various pharmacological studies carried out on Leptadenia reticulata, a source of several active compounds, i.e. Leptadenia reticulata plant belonging to family Asclepiadaceae, it is also known as 'Jivanti', used for the treatment of various ailments in human civilization as well as used in folk medicine as a remedy in various reported herbal formulations. The plant has been found to exhibit diverse pharmacological activities like antibacterial activity, anticancer activity, lactogenic eff ect, antioxidant activity, anti-implantation activity, anti-asthmatic activity, modulating eff ect, activity of silver nano particles, hepatoprotective activity, antifungal activity, antidiabetic activity and anti-infl ammatory activity...
December 20, 2017: Folia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341031/getting-more-than-you-paid-for-unauthorized-natural-substances-in-herbal-food-supplements-on-eu-market
#16
Marijana Zovko Končić
As the population in the industrialized world develops preference for what is perceived as a natural and holistic way of disease treatment, the popularity and the number of food supplements on the market, including herbal ones, is experiencing an unprecedented rise. However, unlike herbal medicinal products, intended for treating or preventing disease, current legislation classifies food supplements as products intended for achieving nutritional or physiological effect and to supplement the normal diet. Accordingly, most food supplements are not to be associated with specific health claims...
January 16, 2018: Planta Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341029/in-vitro-and-in-situ-absorption-and-metabolism-of-sesquiterpenes-from-petasites-hybridus-extracts
#17
Lucia Disch, Kristina Forsch, Beate Siewert, Jürgen Drewe, Gert Fricker
Petasites hybridus extract is used in the treatment of seasonal allergic rhinitis. The aim of this study was to evaluate the active constituent petasin and its isomers isopetasin and neopetasin (petasins) in the P. hybridus extract Ze 339 for liberation, dissolution, absorption, and metabolism. The determination of pH-dependent thermodynamic solubility was performed via the shake-flask method. Petasins exhibited a low solubility that was pH independent. In vivo, the concentration of solute drugs is decreased continuously by intestinal absorption...
January 16, 2018: Planta Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339968/analysis-of-questions-about-use-of-drugs-in-breastfeeding-to-norwegian-drug-information-centres
#18
Jan Anker Jahnsen, Sofia Frost Widnes, Jan Schjøtt
Background: Health professionals may advise women to either stop breastfeeding or drug treatment due to restrictive advice in drug monographs. Regional medicines information and pharmacovigilance centres in Norway (RELIS) provide free and industry-independent answers to questions about drugs and breastfeeding documented in a full-text, searchable database (RELIS database). We used the RELIS database to describe which health care practitioners sought information about medication safety in lactation, most common drugs involved, advice provided and which resources were used to provide the advice...
2018: International Breastfeeding Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338725/herbal-formula-ygjdsj-inhibits-anchorage-independent-growth-and-induces-anoikis-in-hepatocellular-carcinoma-bel-7402-cells
#19
Bing Hu, Tong Zhang, Hong-Mei An, Jia-Lu Zheng, Xia Yan, Xiao-Wei Huang
BACKGROUND: Based on clinical medications and related studies, we established a Yang-Gan Jie-Du Sang-Jie (YGJDSJ) herbal formula for hepatocarcinoma treatment. In present study, we evaluated the anti-cancer potential of YGJDSJ on suspension-grown human hepatocellular carcinoma Bel-7402 cells. METHODS: Bel-7402 cells were cultured in poly(2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate) (poly-HEMA) coated plates and treated with YGJDSJ. Anchorage-independent cell growth was detected by cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK-8) assay and soft agar colony formation assay...
January 16, 2018: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337215/anti-angiogenic-effects-of-qingdu-granule-on-breast-cancer-through-inhibiting-nfat-signaling-pathway
#20
Xin Zhao, Jinyu Liu, Lili Feng, Shasha Ge, Shijun Yang, Chen Chen, Xiaoya Li, Lin Peng, Yuxue Mu, Yueqi Wang, Daozhao Gu, Yi Guo, Geng Lin, Bo Deng, Zhiqiang Cheng, Dayong Cai
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Qingdu granule (QDG), a traditional Chinese herbal prescription, had anti-tumor effect on breast cancer. However the underlying mechanism of QDG was unclear. THE AIM OF THIS STUDY: The present study aimed to investigate whether QDG could inhibit angiogenesis of breast cancer via acting on nuclear factor of activated T-cells (NFAT) signaling pathway. This was implicated in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) in vitro and breast cancer xenograft model in vivo...
January 11, 2018: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
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