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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792138/therapeutic-potential-of-phytomedicines-and-novel-polymeric-strategies-for-significant-management-of-candidiasis
#1
Surbhi Rohilla, D C Bhatt, Aditi Gupta
BACKGROUND: Candidiasis is one of the most common opportunistic fungal infections caused by genus Candida. The genus composed of around 200 species. The most virulent among all are, Candida albicans followed by various non-albicans species. Despite of various treatments available, the incidence of severe systemic fungal infections is increasing, and with it the related morbidity and mortality, in relation to the misuse of antimicrobials and the emergence of drug-resistant fungal species...
May 23, 2018: Current Pharmaceutical Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791931/effectiveness-of-a-crocus-sativus-extract-on-burn-wounds-in-rats
#2
Esmat Alemzadeh, Ahmad Oryan
Crocus sativus is a spice with various pharmacological properties. Crocin, picrocrocin, and safranal are the main compositions of saffron that have recently been considered in the therapy of many diseases. High-performance liquid chromatography analysis revealed presence of these compounds in our saffron extract. This study was carried out to evaluate the effect of saffron on burn wound healing at an in vivo model. Saffron was topically applied on burn wounds in rats; the percentage of wound closure, wound contraction, and the levels of main cytokines and growth factors were measured...
May 23, 2018: Planta Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791174/-drug-and-herbal-hepatotoxicity-an-overview-of-clinical-classifications
#3
Mária Szántová, Jozef Sedlačko, Martina Jakabovičová
Drug induced liver injury (DILI) is often underdiagnosed disease with increasing incidence. In developed countries it belongs to the leading causes of acute liver failure. Risk groups are women and persons older than 60 years. The work summarizes the up to date information on diagnosis and mostly used classifications on DILI. It is quite often and serious complication of medicament therapy. DILI belongs to the most often cause of acute hepatic failure in the old age in developed countries. Diagnostic procedure includes medical history (time correlation with drug intake), clinical symptoms and blood tests...
2018: Vnitr̆ní Lékar̆ství
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790361/anti-bacterial-effects-of-components-from-sanguisorba-officinalis-l-on-vibrio-vulnificus-and-their-soluble-epoxide-hydrolase-inhibitory-activity
#4
Xiang Dong Su, Rui Hong Guo, Seo Young Yang, Young Ho Kim, Young Ran Kim
Sanguisorba officinalis L. is a traditional herbal medicine, which is prevailingly applied to cure hemorrhoids, wounds and ulcers in Eastern Asian countries. The purpose of this study was to investigate the antibacterial and soluble epoxide hydrolase (sEH) inhibitory effects of the extracts and components from S. officinalis. The methanol extract was divided into ethyl acetate (EtOAc), n-butanol (n-BuOH), and water layers. In our screening procedure, the EtOAc and n-BuOH extracts and compounds (1-2) remarkably suppressed the growth of V...
May 23, 2018: Natural Product Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790063/in-vitro-and-in-vivo-evaluation-of-antitumor-activity-of-ligustrum-robustum-a-chinese-herbal-tea
#5
Hao-Jiang Zuo, Shan Liu, Chun Yan, Li-Man Li, Xiao-Fang Pei
OBJECTIVE: To examine the effect of the aqueous extract of Ligustrum robustum on tumor growth in vitro and in vivo and explore the possible molecular mechanisms. METHODS: In in vitro study, cell viabilities of human cervical carcinoma cells (HeLa), human breast cancer cells (MCF-7), human prostate cancer cells (PC-3), human hepatoma cells (7721) and human colon carcinoma cells (SW480) were evaluated with cell counting kit-8. For L. robustum-treated Hela cells, early or late apoptosis were evaluated by annexin V/PI staining...
May 22, 2018: Chinese Journal of Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789688/rapid-authentication-of-ginkgo-biloba-herbal-products-using-the-recombinase-polymerase-amplification-assay
#6
Yang Liu, Xiao-Yue Wang, Xue-Min Wei, Zi-Tong Gao, Jian-Ping Han
Species adulteration in herbal products (HPs) exposes consumers to health risks. Chemical and morphological methods have their own deficiencies when dealing with the detection of species containing the same active compounds in HPs. In this study, we developed a rapid identification method using the recombinase polymerase amplification (RPA) assay to detect two species, Ginkgo biloba and Sophora japonica (as adulteration), in Ginkgo biloba HPs. Among 36 Ginkgo biloba HP samples, 34 were found to have Ginkgo biloba sequences, and 9 were found to have Sophora japonica sequences...
May 22, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789365/structural-alteration-of-gut-microbiota-during-the-amelioration-of-human-type-2-diabetes-with-hyperlipidemia-by-metformin-and-a-traditional-chinese-herbal-formula-a-multicenter-randomized-open-label-clinical-trial
#7
Xiaolin Tong, Jia Xu, Fengmei Lian, Xiaotong Yu, Yufeng Zhao, Lipeng Xu, Menghui Zhang, Xiyan Zhao, Jian Shen, Shengping Wu, Xiaoyan Pang, Jiaxing Tian, Chenhong Zhang, Qiang Zhou, Linhua Wang, Bing Pang, Feng Chen, Zhiping Peng, Jing Wang, Zhong Zhen, Chao Fang, Min Li, Limei Chen, Liping Zhao
Accumulating evidence implicates gut microbiota as promising targets for the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). With a randomized clinical trial, we tested the hypothesis that alteration of gut microbiota may be involved in the alleviation of T2DM with hyperlipidemia by metformin and a specifically designed herbal formula (AMC). Four hundred fifty patients with T2DM and hyperlipidemia were randomly assigned to either the metformin- or AMC-treated group. After 12 weeks of treatment, 100 patients were randomly selected from each group and assessed for clinical improvement...
May 22, 2018: MBio
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788885/application-of-traditional-chinese-herbal-medicine-by-products-as-dietary-feed-supplements-and-antibiotic-replacements-in-animal-production
#8
Abedin Abdallah, Pei Zhang, Qingzhen Zhong, Zewei Sun
Misuse of synthetic antibiotics in livestock leads to the transfer of antibiotic resistant pathogens into humans and deposits toxic residues in meat and milk. There is therefore an urgent need for safe and viable alternative approaches to improve the nutrition and wellbeing of farm animals. An alternative source that has been widely exploited is traditional Chinese herbal medicine (TCHM). These herbal medicines are an important part of the healthcare system in many Asian countries. Such herbs contain several but less toxic bioactive compounds which are generally regarded biodegradable...
May 22, 2018: Current Drug Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29787993/systematic-screening-and-characterization-of-qi-li-qiang-xin-capsule-related-xenobiotics-in-rats-by-ultra-performance-liquid-chromatography-coupled-with-quadrupole-time-of-flight-tandem-mass-spectrometry
#9
Wei-Jing Yun, Zhi-Hong Yao, Cai-Lian Fan, Zi-Fei Qin, Xi-Yang Tang, Meng-Xue Gao, Yi Dai, Xin-Sheng Yao
Qi-Li-Qiang-Xin capsule (QLQX), a well-known traditional Chinese medicine prescription (TCMP), is consisted of eleven commonly used herbal medicines, has been widely used for the treatment of chronic heart failure (CHF). However, the absorbed components and related metabolites after oral administration of QLQX are still remaining unknown. In the present work, a reliable and effective method using ultra performance liquid chromatography coupled with quadrupole time-of-flight tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC/Q-TOF-MS) was established to identify QLQX-related xenobiotics in rats...
May 12, 2018: Journal of Chromatography. B, Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29787299/the-influences-of-thermal-processing-on-phytochemicals-and-possible-routes-to-the-discovery-of-new-phytochemical-conjugates
#10
Fai-Chu Wong, Tsun-Thai Chai, Jianbo Xiao
In our diets, many of the consumed foods are subjected to various forms of heating and thermal processing. Besides enhancing the taste, texture, and aroma of the foods, heating helps to sterilize and facilitate food storage. On the other hand, heating and thermal processing are frequently reported during the preparation of various traditional herbal medicines. In this review, we intend to highlight works by various research groups which reported on changes in phytochemicals and bioactivities, following thermal processing of selected plant-derived foods and herbal medicines...
May 22, 2018: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786916/herbal-medicine-as-a-promising-therapeutic-approach-for-the-management-of-vascular-dementia-a-systematic-literature-review
#11
REVIEW
Adel Ghorani-Azam, Samaneh Sepahi, Elham Khodaverdi, Seyed Ahmad Mohajeri
Vascular dementia (VaD) generally refers to memory deficits and cognitive abnormalities that are resulted from vascular disease. In this study, we aimed to systematically review the literature wherein therapeutic effects of medicinal plants have been studied on VaD. A systematic literature search was performed in the PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science, Google Scholar, and other databases using VaD, and medicinal plants as key terms. No strict inclusion criteria were defined, and almost all clinical studies were included...
May 22, 2018: Phytotherapy Research: PTR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786649/kudzu-leaf-extract-suppresses-the-production-of-inducible-nitric-oxide-synthase-cyclooxygenase-2-tumor-necrosis-factor-alpha-and-interleukin-6-via-inhibition-of-jnk-tbk1-and-stat1-in-inflammatory-macrophages
#12
Seok Hyun Eom, So-Jung Jin, Hee-Yeong Jeong, Youngju Song, You Jin Lim, Jong-In Kim, Youn-Hyung Lee, Hee Kang
Kudzu ( Pueraria montana var. lobata (Willd.) Sanjappa & Pradeep) is a perennial leguminous vine, and its root and flower have been used for herbal medicine in Asia for a long time. Most dietary flavonoids are reported to be concentrated in its root, not in its aerial parts including leaves. In this study, we investigated whether kudzu leaf and its major constituent, robinin (kaempferol-3- O -robinoside-7- O -rhanmoside) possessed anti-inflammatory activity. To test this hypothesis, we used peritoneal macrophages isolated from BALB/c mice and stimulated the cells with lipopolysaccharide (LPS) or LPS plus interferon (IFN)-γ...
May 22, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785939/exploring-an-integrative-patient-tailored-complementary-medicine-approach-for-chemotherapy-induced-taste-disorders
#13
Eran Ben-Arye, Ilana Doweck, Elad Schiff, Noah Samuels
CONTEXT: Chemotherapy-induced taste disorder (CITD) is a common adverse effect among patients with cancer, with no effective known treatment. OBJECTIVES: Exploring the impact of a patient-tailored complementary and integrative medicine (CIM) treatment program on CITD-related severity. DESIGN: Prospective study on patients' chart. SETTING: Integrative oncology program operating within the Clalit Healthcare Oncology Service in northern Israel...
April 22, 2018: Explore: the Journal of Science and Healing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785480/potential-treatment-options-in-a-post-antibiotic-era
#14
R R Bragg, C M Meyburgh, J-Y Lee, M Coetzee
Following the Golden Age of antibiotic discovery in the previous century, the rate of antibiotic discovery has plummeted during the past 50 years while the incidence of antimicrobial resistance is ever-increasing. Presently, humankind is forced to address a major public health threat in the form of multiple drug resistance and urgent action is required to halt the advent of a post-antibiotic era. This chapter aims to draw the attention to the escalating global crisis of antimicrobial resistance fueled by the irresponsible use of antibiotics in healthcare and animal production sectors...
2018: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785190/herbal-medicines-useful-to-treat-inflammatory-and-ulcerative-gastrointestinal-disorders-preclinical-and-clinical-studies
#15
EDITORIAL
Sérgio Faloni de Andrade, Luisa Mota da Silva, Shahram Golbabapour, Steve Harakeh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784421/on-line-comprehensive-two-dimensional-liquid-chromatography-tandem-mass-spectrometry-for-the-analysis-of-curcuma-kwangsiensis
#16
Weijia Zhou, Zhimou Guo, Long Yu, Han Zhou, Aijin Shen, Yan Jin, Gaowa Jin, Jingyu Yan, Fan Yang, Yanming Liu, ChaoRan Wang, JiaTao Feng, Yanfang Liu, Xinmiao Liang
A novel online comprehensive two-dimensional liquid chromatography (2DLC) coupled with quadrupole time-of-flight (Q-TOF) mass spectrometry (MS) method is developed for the analysis of Curcuma kwangsiensis (C. kwangsiensis) extract. In this system, a newly developed phenyl/tetrazole sulfoether (PTAS) bonded stationary phase was introduced to construct RPLC×RPLC combined with C18. The unique structure endowed PTAS with very different selectivity from C18, reaching a high orthogonality of 93.2%. Moreover, such a combination settled compatibility issues because of the weaker hydrophobic retaining property of PTAS, thus allowing direct interfacing in online configuration...
August 15, 2018: Talanta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783016/systematic-investigation-of-the-erigeron-breviscapus-mechanism-for-treating-cerebrovascular-disease
#17
Jiangmei Wang, Yangyang Chen, Baoshi Liu, Qian Wang, Lulu Zhang, Zhenzhong Wang, Jun Zhou, Wei Xiao, Chunli Zheng, Yonghua Wang
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Cerebrovascular diseases (CBVDs), characterized by striking morbidity and mortality, have become the most common life-threatening diseases. The existing drugs of CBVDs target one or a few of pathogenic factors, the efficacy of which is limited because of the complexity of CBVDs. Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), featured by multi-component and multi-target endows the great effectiveness in CBVDs treatment. For instance, Erigeron breviscapus (vant.) Hand...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782898/incorporation-of-absorption-and-metabolism-into-liver-toxicity-prediction-for-phytochemicals-a-tiered-in-silico-qsar-approach
#18
Yitong Liu
An increased use of herbal dietary supplements has been associated with adverse liver effects such as elevated serum enzymes and liver failure. The safety assessment for herbal dietary supplements is challenging since they often contain complex mixtures of phytochemicals, most of which have unknown pharmacokinetic and toxicological properties. Rapid tools are needed to evaluate large numbers of phytochemicals for potential liver toxicity. The current study demonstrates a tiered approach combining identification of phytochemicals in liver toxic botanicals, followed by in silico quantitative structure-activity relationship (QSAR) evaluation of these phytochemicals for absorption (e...
May 18, 2018: Food and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782822/simultaneous-determination-of-intestinal-permeability-and-potential-drug-interactions-of-complex-mixtures-using-caco-2-cells-and-high-resolution-mass-spectrometry-studies-with-rauwolfia-serpentina-extract
#19
Thomas J Flynn, Sanah N Vohra
Caco-2 cells are a commonly used model for estimating the intestinal bioavailability of single chemical entity pharmaceuticals. Caco-2 cells, when induced with calcitriol, also express other biological functions such as phase I (CYP) and phase II (glucuronosyltransferases) drug metabolizing enzymes which are relevant to drug-supplement interactions. Intestinal bioavailability is an important factor in the overall safety assessment of products consumed orally. Foods, including herbal dietary supplements, are complex substances with multiple chemical components...
May 18, 2018: Chemico-biological Interactions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782704/profiling-of-new-psychoactive-substances-nps-by-using-stable-isotope-ratio-mass-spectrometry-irms-study-on-the-synthetic-cannabinoid-5f-pb-22
#20
S Münster-Müller, N Scheid, T Holdermann, S Schneiders, M Pütz
In this paper results of a pilot study on the profiling of the synthetic cannabinoid receptor agonist 5F-PB-22 (5F-QUPIC, pentylfluoro-1H-indole-3-carboxylic acid-8-quinolinyl ester) via isotope ratio mass spectrometry are presented. It is focused on δ13 C, δ15 N and δ2 H isotope ratios, which are determined using elemental analyser (EA) and high temperature elemental analyser (TC/EA) coupled to an isotope ratio mass spectrometer (IRMS). By means of a sample of pure material of 5F-PB-22 it is shown that the extraction of 5F-PB-22 from herbal material, a rapid clean-up procedure, or preparative column chromatography had no influences on the isotope ratios...
May 21, 2018: Drug Testing and Analysis
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