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Ines van Dooren, Kenn Foubert, Sebastiaan Bijttebier, Mart Theunis, Stefaniya Velichkova, Magda Claeys, Luc Pieters, Vassiliki Exarchou, Sandra Apers
Stone diseases present a major health problem in the Western society, since both urinary and biliary stones occur with a relatively high prevalence of 10-12 % and 10-20 %, respectively, and demonstrate a high recurrence rate. At the moment treatment is mainly based on interventional procedures, or prophylactic and dissolution therapy. However, many of the current drugs cause severe side effects, and therefore, there is an increasing interest in natural medicines. At the moment no registered herbal medicinal products are available for treatment of gallstones...
October 24, 2016: Planta Medica
Keiichi Mochida, Tetsuya Sakurai, Hikaru Seki, Takuhiro Yoshida, Kotaro Takahagi, Satoru Sawai, Hiroshi Uchiyama, Toshiya Muranaka, Kazuki Saito
Chinese liquorice/licorice (Glycyrrhiza uralensis) is a leguminous plant species whose roots and rhizomes have been widely used as a herbal medicine and natural sweetener. Whole-genome sequencing is essential for gene discovery studies and molecular breeding in liquorice. Here, we report a draft assembly of the approximately 379-Mb whole-genome sequence of strain 308-19 of G. uralensis; this assembly contains 34 445 predicted protein-coding genes. Comparative analyses suggested well-conserved genomic components and collinearity of gene loci (synteny) between the genome of liquorice and those of other legumes such as Medicago and chickpea...
October 24, 2016: Plant Journal: for Cell and Molecular Biology
Hojjat Rouhi-Boroujeni, Esfandiar Heidarian, Hamid Rouhi-Boroujeni, Fatemeh Deris, Mahmoud Rafieian-Kopaei
INTRODUCTION: Hyperlipidemia, obesity, hypertension, and diabetes are the most important risk factors for cardiovascular diseases. The aim of this systematic review article is to introduce the medicinal plants that exert significant clinical effects on hypertension, hyperlipidemia, obesity, and diabetes. METHODS: In this review article, the international research databases including MEDLINE, Google scholar, EBSCO, Academic Search, Web of Science, SciVerse, Scopus (SCOPUS), EBSCO, Academic Search, Cochrane, Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) and a Chinese database (China Network Knowledge Infrastructure [CNKI]) were searched using the key words hyperlipidemia, hypertension, diabetes, herbal, obesity, and phytomedicine, matched by MESH, from their respective inceptions up to March, 2016...
October 21, 2016: Current Pharmaceutical Design
Jie Li, Yonghong Gao, Xiaomeng Ren, Yanda Li, Lijun Wu, Xinyu Yang, Jie Wang, Hongcai Shang, Xingjiang Xiong, Yanwei Xing
Autophagy, a highly conserved starvation response mechanism with both defensive and protective effects in eukaryotic cells, is a lysosome-mediated degradation process for non-essential or damaged cellular constituents. It plays an important role in the cell survival, differentiation and development to maintain homeostasis. Autophagy is involved in cardiovascular diseases, cerebrovascular diseases, and neurodegenerative disease, as well as tumours. Thus, modulating autophagy may provide potential therapeutic strategies...
October 21, 2016: Current Pharmaceutical Design
Richi Nakatake, Takumi Tsuda, Takashi Matsuura, Hirokazu Miki, Hideki Hishikawa, Hideyuki Matsushima, Morihiko Ishizaki, Kosuke Matsui, Masaki Kaibori, Mikio Nishizawa, Tadayoshi Okumura, Masanori Kon
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Genipin is a component of Japanese traditional herbal medicine (Kampo), inchinkoto, and is used for the treatment of various liver injuries. However, there are few scientific evidence for its anti-inflammatory effects and mechanisms. In inflamed liver, proinflammatory cytokines including tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α and interleukin (IL)-1β stimulate liver cells, followed by the expression of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS). Excessive levels of NO produced by iNOS have been implicated as one of the factors in liver injury...
October 20, 2016: Drug Metabolism Letters
Julia S Seay, Morgan Mandigo, Jonathan Kish, Janelle Menard, Sarah Marsh, Erin Kobetz
OBJECTIVE: Haitian women have the highest incidence of cervical cancer within the Western hemisphere. Intravaginal hygiene practices have been linked with human papilloma virus (HPV) infection and cervical dysplasia. These practices, known as 'twalet deba' in Haitian Creole, are common among Haitian women and are performed with various natural and synthetic agents. As part of a community-based participatory research initiative aimed at reducing cervical cancer disparities in rural Haiti, we explored the use of intravaginal agents and their associations with high-risk HPV infection...
October 24, 2016: Ethnicity & Health
Mahfoozur Rahman, Sarwar Beg, Amita Verma, Fahad A Al Abbasi, Firoz Anwar, Sumant Saini, Sohail Akhter, Vikas Kumar
OBJECTIVES: The present review explores the therapeutic application of herbals in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) therapy, and how nano/submicromedicine can be fit in the scope of its therapeutic delivery in RA has been addressed. KEY FINDINGS: Incorporation of bioactive such as polyphenols, thymoquinone, resveratrol, hesperidin, curcumin, celastrol and gambogic acid in a dose-dependent manner showed quite high efficacy for the treatment of RA. It can be attributed to their targeting ability against various inflammatory mediators including nitric oxide (NO), cytokines, chemokines, adhesion molecules, NF-kβ, lipoxygenase (LOXs) and arachidonic acid (AA)...
October 24, 2016: Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
Hardik Ghelani, Maunik Chapala, Pinakin Jadav
Acorus calamus is a plant commonly used as a traditional herbal medicine and possesses the wide range of pharmacological applications. The present study investigated the diuretic and antiurolithiatic activities of an ethanolic extract of Acorus calamus L. (Family: Araceae) rhizome (EEAC). For diuretic activity, three doses of EEAC (250, 500 and 750 mg/kg) were studied, and measurement of the urinary volume and electrolytes (Na(+) and K(+)) concentration were taken as evaluation parameters. On the other hand, ethylene glycol induced urolithiasis (0...
October 2016: Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine
A Michalsen, O Eddin, A Salama
The objective of this study was to assess the effectiveness of a specific composition of a traditional herbal preparation (DurrDerma) in adult patients with moderate to severe skin psoriasis. The preparation is a newly developed topical combination containing plant-based extracts traditionally used in skin disease as black cumin, olive oil, tea tree oil, cocoa butter completed by vitamin A and vitamin B12. We documented the effectiveness of the preparation in a first case series. A total of 12 patients (8 males and 4 females, 21-86 y) with manifest and treatment-resistant psoriasis were included and treated for 12 weeks...
October 2016: Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine
Hem Singh, Atish Prakash, A N Kalia, Abu Bakar Abdul Majeed
Previously explored combination therapies mostly involved the use of bioactive molecules. It is believed that herbal compounds containing multiple plant products have synergistic hepatoprotective effects and could enhance the desired actions. To investigate the combination of ethanolic fruits extract of Solanum xanthocarpum (SX) and Juniperus communis (JC) against Paracetamol (PCM) and Azithromycin (AZM) induced liver toxicity in rats. Liver toxicity was induced by combine oral administration of PCM (250 mg/kg) and AZM (200 mg/kg) for 7 days in Wistar rats...
October 2016: Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine
Yongle Li, Zijie Chen, Ning Yu, Keyu Yao, Yiwen Che, Yupeng Xi, Shuangqing Zhai
Background. Postpartum depression (PPD) does great harm to women following childbirth. The aim of this study was to conduct a systematic review of the literature to assess the efficacy and safety of CHM for the treatment of PPD. Methods. Published or ongoing registered trials were searched for from the inception of the various databases to December 31, 2015. Data extraction and methodology assessment were conducted independently by two researchers. RevMan 5.3 software was used to analyze the data. Results. Forty-seven registered clinical trials (RCTs) were identified and reviewed...
2016: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
Le Zhang, Yunshan Zhao, Zhipeng A Wang, Kunhua Wei, Bin Qiu, Chunhong Zhang, QiYan Wang-Müller, Minhui Li
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: As a group of important medicine plants, Boschniakia rossica (Cham. et Schltdl) Fedtsch. and B. himalaica Thoms, which are the only two species in the genus Boschniakia (Orobanchaceae), have long been used in traditional Chinese medicine for their multiple therapeutic uses related to enhanced renal function, erectile dysfunction, defaecate and hepatoprotective. Additionally, the two species are also used as dietary supplements in wine, cosmetics, and other healthy food...
October 20, 2016: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Alfred Maroyi
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Crinum macowanii is a deciduous bulbous plant which grows in east, central and southern Africa. Crinum macowanii has been used as herbal medicine by the indigenous people of east and southern Africa has for several centuries. The bulb, leaves and roots of C. macowanii are reported to possess diverse medicinal properties and used to treat or manage various human and animal diseases and ailments throughout its distributional range. Crinum macowanii is used traditionally as a remedy for boils, diarrhoea, fever, inflammation, respiratory system problems, skin rashes, tuberculosis, wounds and urinary tract problems...
October 20, 2016: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Hadiseh Dadras, Mohammad Reza Hayatbakhsh, William L Shelton, Amin Golpour
The aim of this study was to investigate effects of two dietary medicinal herbs, Rose hip (Rosa canina) and Safflower (Carthamus tinctorius) supplementation on growth performance, haematological, biochemical parameters and innate immune response of in juvenile beluga, Huso huso. Fish (26.3 ± 0.4 g) were allocated into 15 tanks (20 fish per tank) and triplicate groups were fed a control diet or diets containing 1% and 2% of medicinal herbs, respectively. Feed conversion ratio (FCR), specific growth rate (SGR) and condition factor (CF) did not show significant differences (P > 0...
October 20, 2016: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
Takahiro Doi, Akiko Asada, Akihiro Takeda, Takaomi Tagami, Munehiro Katagi, Hiroe Kamata, Yoshiyuki Sawabe
Synthetic cannabinoids, recently used as alternatives to Cannabis sativa, are among the most frequently abused drugs. Identified in 2014, the synthetic cannabinoids N-(1-amino-3-methyl-1-oxobutan-2-yl)-1-(5-fluoropentyl)-1H-indazole-3-carboxamide (5F-AB-PINACA) and methyl [1-(5-fluoropentyl)-1H-indazole-3-carbonyl]-valinate (5F-AMB) are carboxamides composed of 1-(5-fluoropentyl)-1H-indazole-3-carboxylic acid and valine amide/methyl ester. Because of their composition, these molecules have pairs of enantiomers derived from the chiral center of their amino acid structures...
October 19, 2016: Journal of Chromatography. A
Xinlai Cheng, Karl-Heinz Merz
Indirubin is the major active component of an herbal recipe 'Dangui Luhui Wan' () in traditional Chinese medicine (TCM). It is widely used in China for the treatment of inflammation, cancer, and other chronic diseases and is known for good efficiency and very low side effects. Primary studies on the mechanism of action revealed that indirubin and derivatives are potent ATP-competitive inhibitors of CDKs and GSK3ß achieving IC50 values down to the low nanomolar range. However, the clinical application of indirubins is limited by the extremely poor water solubility (<1 mg/L in general) and consequently the insufficient bioavailability originating from strong binding forces in the crystal lattice...
2016: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
Yeomoon Sim, Gunhyuk Park, Hyeyoon Eo, Eugene Huh, Pil Sung Gu, Seon-Pyo Hong, Youngmi Kim Pak, Myung Sook Oh
Parkinson's disease (PD) is one of the progressive neurodegenerative diseases of whose condition is characterized by dopaminergic neuronal cell loss and dysfunction in the substantia nigra pars compacta (SNpc) and the striatum (ST). Recent studies have demonstrated that the nuclear receptor related-1 protein (Nurr1) is critical of dopaminergic phenotype induction in mesencephalic dopaminergic neurons. Further, Nurr1 engages in synthesizing and storing dopamine through regulating levels of tyrosine hydroxylase (TH), dopamine transporter (DAT) and vesicular monoamine transporter 2 (VMAT2)...
October 19, 2016: Neuroscience
Lin-Hu Ye, Ling-Ti Kong, Ming-Zhu Yan, Fang-Rui Cao, Li-Sha Wang, Yong-Hong Liao, Rui-Le Pan, Qi Chang
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: The Chinese herbal medicine He-Ye, the leaves of the lotus (Nelumbo nucifera) plant, is traditionally used in China for the treatment of sunstroke, thirst, diarrhea, and fever. Currently, the leaf is used not only as an herbal tea to reduce lipid level and control body weight, but also as a major ingredient in some lipid-lowering Chinese patented medicines. Our previous study demonstrated that the alkaloid fraction (AF) of the herb has a strong inhibitory effect on CYP2D6 isoenzyme activity in vitro...
October 19, 2016: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Li Zhou, Jin-Di Xu, Shan-Shan Zhou, Qian Mao, Ming Kong, Hong Shen, Xiu-Yang Li, Su-Min Duan, Jun Xu, Song-Lin Li
It is well-recognized that multiple components, the majority of which are secondary metabolites and carbohydrates, collectively contribute to the therapeutic effects of herbal medicines. The chemical characterization of herbal medicines has focused extensively on secondary metabolites but has largely overlooked carbohydrates. Here, we proposed an integrated chromatographic technique based targeted glycomics and untargeted metabolomics strategy simultaneously determining carbohydrates and secondary metabolites for the overall chemical profiling of herbal medicines; this strategy was successfully exemplified in an investigation of processing chemistry of Rehmanniae Radix (RR), a Chinese medicinal herb...
October 17, 2016: Journal of Chromatography. A
So Hyun Ahn, In Ae Chang, Ki-Joong Kim, Chul-Jung Kim, Uk Namgung, Chung-Sik Cho
BACKGROUND: Bogijetong decoction (BGJTD) is a herbal drug formulation used in the traditional Asian medicine to treat neuropathic insults associated with diabetes and anticancer therapy. To understand the biological basis of BGJTD on protective effects against neuropathy, we investigated physiological and biochemical responses of the sciatic nerves deranged by taxol injection or crush injury in the rats. METHODS: Dissociated Schwann cells and neurons were prepared from the sciatic nerve and dorsal root ganglia (DRG) respectively and were treated with taxol and BGJTD...
October 22, 2016: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
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