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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486884/effect-of-intravesical-botulinum-toxin-injection-on-symptoms-of-autonomic-dysreflexia-in-a-patient-with-chronic-spinal-cord-injury-a-case-report
#1
Il-Young Jung, Kyo Ik Mo, Ja-Ho Leigh
CONTEXT: There are few treatment options for managing autonomic dysreflexia in patients with chronic spinal cord injury (SCI). According to some studies, intravesical botulinum toxin for SCI patients with autonomic dysreflexia has a preventive effect on symptoms of autonomic dysreflexia. However, the usefulness of an intravesical botulinum toxin injection has never been reported for autonomic dysreflexia in an adult patient with chronic cervical SCI, although there has been for one pediatric patient...
May 9, 2017: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394218/poor-sleep-in-adults-with-pediatric-onset-spinal-cord-injury-associations-with-pain-health-and-activity
#2
Alicia M January, Kathy Zebracki, Kathleen M Chlan, Lawrence C Vogel
OBJECTIVE: To investigate medical complications that increase risk for poor sleep in adults with pediatric-onset spinal cord injury (SCI) and explore the relation of poor sleep to psychosocial outcomes. METHOD: This was a cross-sectional study of individuals with pediatric-onset SCI interviewed between 2011-2015. Participants were recruited from a pediatric specialty hospital and answered questions about demographics, injury characteristics, pain, and medical complications and completed standardized outcome measures, including: Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index, SF12v2 Health Survey, Craig Handicap Assessment and Recording Technique (CHART), and Subjective Happiness Scale...
April 10, 2017: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271801/pediatric-aerobic-fitness-and-trainability
#3
Neil Armstrong
Three papers which between them raise controversial issues, apply laboratory measures to sport performance, and expose gaps in knowledge were selected for commentary. The first paper (Sports Med. 2016;46:1451-1460) reviews the literature on peak V̇O2 in relation to body size and recommends that peak V̇O2 in youth is best expressed via allometric scaling of lean body mass. The second paper (Pediatr Exerc Sci. 2016;28:456-465) reports that maturity status has no effect on peak V̇O2, respiratory compensation point, or ventilatory threshold in youth soccer players once data have been allometrically normalized by lower limb muscle volume...
February 2017: Pediatric Exercise Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28244501/relevance-of-the-international-spinal-cord-injury-basic-data-sets-to-youth-an-inter-professional-review-with-recommendations
#4
A Carroll, L C Vogel, K Zebracki, V K Noonan, F Biering-Sørensen, M J Mulcahey
STUDY DESIGN: Mixed methods, using the Modified Delphi Technique and Expert Panel Review. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the utility and relevance of the International Spinal Cord Injury (SCI) Core and Basic Data Sets for children and youth with SCI. SETTING: International. METHODS: Via 20 electronic surveys, an interprofessional sample of healthcare professionals with pediatric SCI experience participated in an iterative critical review of the International SCI Data Sets, and submitted suggestions for modifications for use with four pediatric age groups...
February 28, 2017: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102106/comparison-of-disability-and-quality-of-life-between-patients-with-pediatric-and-adult-onset-paraplegia
#5
Hanife Duzgun Celik, Ayla Cagliyan Turk, Fusun Sahin, Figen Yilmaz, Banu Kuran
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the factors that affect disability and quality of life in patients with spinal cord injuries (SCIs) and to compare the degree of disability and quality of life in patients with SCI according to over and under 18 years of age when their injury occurred. DESIGN: Cohort study. SETTING: Two academic hospitals in Istanbul, Turkey. PARTICIPANTS: Forty patients with SCI were included in this study...
January 19, 2017: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28034346/u-s-estimates-of-pediatric-spinal-cord-injury-implications-for-clinical-care-and-research-planning
#6
Jaspreet K Dhillon, Junxin Shi, Alyssa Janezic, Krista K Wheeler, Henry Xiang, Julie C Leonard
The aim of this study was to provide accurate estimates and characterizations of children with spinal cord injuries (SCIs) and for the subset that are appropriate for inclusion in clinical trials. We identified children <18 years of age with SCI International Classifications of Diseases, Ninth Revision, Clinical Modification Codes (ICD-9-CM codes) from the 2006, 2009, and 2012 Kids' Inpatient Database. We excluded those with late effects, transfers to other hospitals, unspecified injury levels, and hospital stays <48 h...
March 21, 2017: Journal of Neurotrauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869534/training-to-improve-walking-after-pediatric-spinal-cord-injury-a-systematic-review-of-parameters-and-walking-outcomes
#7
Payal Gandhi, Katherine Chan, Mary C Verrier, Maureen Pakosh, Kristin E Musselman
Walking or locomotor training is often initiated following pediatric spinal cord injury (SCI). There is no synthesis of the literature on interventions targeting walking for pediatric SCI, although this would assist future clinical trials and interventions. To address this need, we completed a systematic review to summarize the who, what, when, and how of walking interventions in children with SCI. Participant characteristics, training parameters, and walking outcomes with training in pediatric SCI were identified and compared with training parameters and outcomes in adults with SCI...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Neurotrauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845358/recommendations-for-the-national-institute-for-neurologic-disorders-and-stroke-spinal-cord-injury-common-data-elements-for-children-and-youth-with-sci
#8
REVIEW
M J Mulcahey, L C Vogel, M Sheikh, J C Arango-Lasprilla, M Augutis, E Garner, E M Hagen, L B Jakeman, E Kelly, R Martin, J Odenkirchen, A Scheel-Sailer, J Schottler, H Taylor, C C Thielen, K Zebracki
STUDY DESIGN: In 2014, the adult spinal cord injury (SCI) common data element (CDE) recommendations were made available. This project was a review of the adult SCI CDE for relevance to children and youth with SCI. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to review the National Institute of Neurologic Disorders and Stroke (NINDS) adult SCI CDEs for relevance to children and youth with SCI. SETTING: International. METHODS: The pediatric working group consisted of international members with varied fields of expertise related to pediatric SCI...
April 2017: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836772/return-to-play-in-athletes-with-spinal-cord-concussion-a-systematic-literature-review
#9
REVIEW
Narihito Nagoshi, Lindsay Tetreault, Hiroaki Nakashima, Aria Nouri, Michael G Fehlings
STUDY DESIGN: This is a systematic review. PURPOSE: The study aimed to evaluate whether spinal cord concussion (SCC) patients can safely return to play sports and if there are factors that can predict SCC recurrence or the development of a spinal cord injury (SCI). BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Although SCC is a reversible neurologic disturbance of spinal cord function, its management and the implications for return to play are controversial. METHODS: We conducted a systematic search of the literature using the keywords Cervical Spine AND Sports AND Injuries in six databases...
February 2017: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27792108/efficacy-of-intraoperative-neurophysiologic-monitoring-for-pediatric-cervical-spine-surgery
#10
Daniel G Tobert, Michael P Glotzbecker, M Timothy Hresko, Lawrence I Karlin, Mark R Proctor, John B Emans, Patricia E Miller, Daniel J Hedequist
STUDY DESIGN: Clinical case series OBJECTIVE.: To investigate the efficacy of intraoperative neuromonitoring in pediatric cervical spine surgery SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA.: Intraoperative neuromonitoring (IONM) consisting of somatosensory evoked potentials (SSEP) and transcranial motor evoked potentials (tcMEP) has been shown to effectively prevent permaneny neurologic injury in deformity surgery. The role of IONM during pediatric cervical spine surgery is not well documented. Advances in cervical spine instrumentation have expanded the surgical options in pediatric populations...
October 25, 2016: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27752056/evaluation-of-the-walking-index-for-spinal-cord-injury-ii-wisci-ii-in-children-with-spinal-cord-injury-sci
#11
C Calhoun Thielen, C Sadowsky, L C Vogel, H Taylor, L Davidson, J Bultman, J Gaughan, M J Mulcahey
STUDY DESIGN: Mixed methods were used in this study. The appropriateness of the levels of the Walking Index for Spinal Cord Injury II (WISCI-II) for application in children was critically reviewed by physical therapists using the Modified Delphi Technique, and the inter- and intra-rater reliability of the WISCI-II in children was evaluated. OBJECTIVES: To examine the construct validity, and to establish reliability of the WISCI-II related to its use in children with spinal cord injury (SCI)...
May 2017: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27670804/medical-and-psychological-factors-related-to-pain-in-adults-with-pediatric-onset-spinal-cord-injury-a-biopsychosocial-model
#12
MULTICENTER STUDY
C B Murray, K Zebracki, K M Chlan, A C Moss, L C Vogel
STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional study. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to determine medical and psychological correlates of pain in individuals with pediatric-onset spinal cord injury (SCI). SETTING: Shriners Hospitals for Children-Chicago, Philadelphia and Northern California (USA). METHODS: A total of 187 adults who had sustained an injury before 19 years of age completed interviews that included medical information, standardized measures of psychological functioning (Beck Anxiety Inventory and Patient Health Questionnaire) and a comprehensive pain questionnaire to assess the location, frequency, intensity and duration of pain and distress and disability related to pain...
April 2017: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27527237/reduced-fov-diffusion-tensor-mr-imaging-and-fiber-tractography-of-pediatric-cervical-spinal-cord-injury
#13
M Alizadeh, A Intintolo, D M Middleton, C J Conklin, S H Faro, M J Mulcahey, F B Mohamed
STUDY DESIGN: Quantitative study. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effectiveness of pediatric spinal cord diffusion tensor tractography (DTT) generated from reduced field of view diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) data and investigate whether there are differences in these values between typically developing (TD) subjects and patients with spinal cord injury (SCI). SETTING: Temple University Hospital and Shriners Hospitals for Children-Philadelphia, USA...
March 2017: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27502842/risks-of-undernutrition-and-malnutrition-in-hospitalized-pediatric-patients-with-spinal-cord-injury
#14
Y-J Wang, H-J Zhou, P-J Liu, G-L Liu, Y Zheng, B Wei, C-X Hao, Y Zhang, H-Q Kang, X-L Lu, Y Yuan
STUDY DESIGN: Prospective study. OBJECTIVES: To describe the nutritional risk/status of Chinese children with spinal cord injury (SCI) at admission and determine the relationship between nutritional risk/status and demography/SCI characteristics. SETTING: China Rehabilitation Research Center, Beijing, China. METHODS: Baseline clinical data, appetite level, anthropometric measurements and Screening Tool for the Assessment of Malnutrition in Pediatrics (STAMP) scores were obtained for pediatric SCI patients...
March 2017: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27485695/spinal-cord-infarction-in-hemoglobin-sc-disease-as-an-amusement-park-accident
#15
Ryan Eid, Ashok Raj, Darren Farber, Vinay Puri, Salvatore Bertolone
Spinal cord infarction (SCI) is extremely rare in children, and only 2 other reports have described the occurrence of SCI in patients with hemoglobin SC disease (HbSC). Amusement park accidents are serious injuries. Patients with preexisting conditions, such as hypertension, cardiac disease, and recent back or neck injuries, may be at an increased risk. We report the case of a 12-year-old girl with HbSC with a past history of only 2 admissions for pain crises, who presented to the emergency department with symptoms of SCI after riding a roller coaster...
September 2016: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27473299/long-term-outcomes-and-longitudinal-changes-of-neurogenic-bowel-management-in-adults-with-pediatric-onset-spinal-cord-injury
#16
Miriam Hwang, Kathy Zebracki, Lawrence C Vogel
OBJECTIVES: To describe long-term outcomes of neurogenic bowel dysfunction (NBD), determine changes over time in the type of bowel program, and determine changes in psychosocial outcomes associated with NBD-related factors in adults with pediatric-onset spinal cord injury (SCI). DESIGN: Longitudinal cohort survey. Follow-up occurred annually for a total of 466 interviews, with most participants (75%) contributing to at least 3 consecutive interviews. SETTING: Community...
February 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27428576/development-and-initial-validation-of-the-pediatric-neuromuscular-recovery-scale
#17
Elizabeth M Ardolino, Mary Jane Mulcahey, Shelley Trimble, Laura Argetsinger, Marci Bienkowski, Courtney Mullen, Andrea L Behrman
PURPOSE: The Neuromuscular Recovery Scale (NRS) was developed to assess the capacity of adults' post-spinal cord injury (SCI) to perform functional tasks without compensation. Application of the NRS to children has been challenging. The purpose of this study was to develop and complete the initial validation of a pediatric version of the NRS. METHODS: First, the investigative team developed a draft Pediatric NRS. Next, a Delphi method was used to amend the draft by 12 pediatric experts...
2016: Pediatric Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27324322/rewards-of-parenting-children-and-adolescents-with-spinal-cord-injuries
#18
M Morrison, E H Kelly, H F Russell, L C Vogel
STUDY DESIGN: Mixed-method study. OBJECTIVES: Describe caregiver perspectives on the rewards of parenting youth with spinal cord injury (SCI) and explore the relationships between rewards and child/caregiver demographic characteristics and child psychosocial outcomes. SETTING: Data collection occurred at three pediatric specialty hospitals within a single hospital system in the United States. METHODS: Self-identified primary caregivers (n=178) of children aged 1-18 years answered the question: 'What has been most rewarding in parenting a child with SCI'? and completed a questionnaire about their child's health-related quality of life (HRQOL)...
January 2017: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27184917/the-pediatric-measure-of-participation-pmop-short-forms
#19
MULTICENTER STUDY
M J Mulcahey, M D Slavin, P Ni, L C Vogel, C C Thielen, W J Coster, A M Jette
STUDY DESIGN: Multi-center cross-sectional cohort study. OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study were to develop and validate short forms (SFs) of participation for child- and parent-reported outcomes following spinal cord injury (SCI). SETTING: Three pediatric orthopedic hospitals in the United States. METHODS: The expert panel used calibration data from the pediatric computerized adaptive test (CAT) development study (convenience sample of 381 children and adolescents with SCI and 322 parents or caregivers) to select SF items...
December 2016: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27078037/a-neonatal-mouse-spinal-cord-compression-injury-model
#20
Mark Züchner, Joel C Glover, Jean-Luc Boulland
Spinal cord injury (SCI) typically causes devastating neurological deficits, particularly through damage to fibers descending from the brain to the spinal cord. A major current area of research is focused on the mechanisms of adaptive plasticity that underlie spontaneous or induced functional recovery following SCI. Spontaneous functional recovery is reported to be greater early in life, raising interesting questions about how adaptive plasticity changes as the spinal cord develops. To facilitate investigation of this dynamic, we have developed a SCI model in the neonatal mouse...
March 27, 2016: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
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