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IL 17 receptor B

Shu-Jing Yu, Rong Jiang, Ying Z Mazzu, Cai-Bing Wei, Zong-Liang Sun, Yu-Zhen Zhang, Lian-Di Zhou, Qi-Hui Zhang
Drug-induced liver injury (DILI) is the most common cause of acute liver failure. Disruption of the Th17/Treg balance can lead to hepatic inflammation, which causes the main symptoms of DILI. Here we investigate the protective mechanisms of (-)-Epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) on triptolide (TP)-induced DILI that shows the Th17/Treg imbalance. Pretreatment with EGCG (5[Formula: see text]mg/kg) for 10 days before TP (0.5[Formula: see text]mg/kg) administration in mice significantly reduced the increased alanine aminotransferase (ALT) level ([Formula: see text]) induced by TP treatment...
2016: American Journal of Chinese Medicine
Paul Welsh, Katie Tuckwell, Iain B McInnes, Naveed Sattar
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Observational associations between inflammation and cardiovascular disease are interesting, but randomised experimental data are lacking. We investigated the effect of the IL-6 receptor blocker tocilizumab on N terminal pro B type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) and high sensitivity troponin T (hsTnT) in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients. METHODS: A post-hoc study was performed in a subset of patients with moderate to severe RA participating in a randomised controlled trial...
October 8, 2016: Atherosclerosis
Lisa S Thomas, Stephan R Targan, Masato Tsuda, Qi T Yu, Brenda C Salumbides, Talin Haritunians, Emebet Mengesha, Dermot P B McGovern, Kathrin S Michelsen
TL1A contributes to the pathogenesis of several chronic inflammatory diseases, including those of the bowel by enhancing TH1, TH17, and TH2 responses. TL1A mediates a strong costimulation of these TH subsets, particularly of mucosal CCR9(+) T cells. However, the signaling pathways that TL1A induces in different TH subsets are incompletely understood. We investigated the function of TL1A on human TH17 cells. TL1A, together with TGF-β, IL-6, and IL-23, enhanced the secretion of IL-17 and IFN-γ from human CD4(+) memory T cells...
October 12, 2016: Journal of Leukocyte Biology
Qi Zhong, Kai Zhou, Qiao-Li Liang, Sen Lin, Yan-Chun Wang, Xiao-Yi Xiong, Zhao-You Meng, Ting Zhao, Wen-Yao Zhu, Yuan-Rui Yang, Mao-Fan Liao, Qiu-Wen Gong, Liang Liu, Ao Xiong, Junwei Hao, Jian Wang, Qing-Wu Yang
BACKGROUND: Neuroinflammation plays a key role in intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH)-induced secondary brain injury, but the specific roles of peripheral inflammatory cells such as macrophages and lymphocytes remain unknown. The purpose of this study was to explore the roles of macrophages, T lymphocytes, and the cytokines they secrete as potential targets for treating secondary brain injury after ICH. METHODS AND RESULTS: Our results showed that peripheral macrophages and T lymphocytes successively infiltrated the brain, with macrophage counts peaking 1 day after ICH and T-lymphocyte counts peaking after 4 days...
October 11, 2016: Journal of the American Heart Association
Sergio Romagnani
The interleukin (IL)-4-induced gene1 (IL4I1), which encodes the L-amino acid oxidase enzyme, plays an important immunoregulatory role. Indeed, this enzyme which is produced by B cells-including neoplastic B cells-dendritic cells and macrophages has been shown to inhibit proliferation, cytotoxicity and IFN-γ production by tumor-infiltrating CD8(+) T cells, thus favoring tumor escape. Moreover, the same gene has been found to be constitutively expressed by CD4(+) T helper 17 (Th17) cells, where it down-regulates cell proliferation through a reduction of CD3 chains expression in the T-cell receptor complex, thus impairing IL-2 production, and by maintaining in the same cells a high expression of Tob1, which inhibits cell cycle entry, through a still unknown mechanism...
October 2016: European Journal of Immunology
Sharlene Velichko, Xu Zhou, Lingxiang Zhu, Johnathon David Anderson, Reen Wu, Yin Chen
In the context of the human airway, interleukin-17A (IL-17A) signaling is associated with severe inflammation, as well as protection against pathogenic infection, particularly at mucosal surfaces such as the airway. The intracellular molecule Act1 has been demonstrated to be an essential mediator of IL-17A signaling. In the cytoplasm, it serves as an adaptor protein, binding to both the intracellular domain of the IL-17 receptor as well as members of the canonical nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB) pathway. It also has enzymatic activity, and serves as an E3 ubiquitin ligase...
2016: PloS One
Thomas Southworth, Jonathan Plumb, Vandana Gupta, James Pearson, Isabel Ramis, Martin D Lehner, Montserrat Miralpeix, Dave Singh
BACKGROUND: Phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase delta (PI3Kδ) and Janus-activated kinases (JAK) are both novel anti-inflammatory targets in asthma that affect lymphocyte activation. We have investigated the anti-inflammatory effects of PI3Kδ and JAK inhibition on cytokine release from asthma bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) cells and T-cell activation, and measured lung PI3Kδ and JAK signalling pathway expression. METHOD: Cells isolated from asthma patients and healthy subjects were treated with PI3Kδ or JAK inhibitors, and/or dexamethasone, before T-cell receptor stimulation...
October 4, 2016: Respiratory Research
María Perera, Teresa Garrido
OBJECTIVES: Classically, immune thrombocytopenia (ITP) was thought to be caused by the destruction and insufficient production of platelets, as mediated by autoantibodies. More recently other immune mechanisms that contribute to the disease have been discovered. This review attempts to address the main unresolved questions in ITP. METHODS: We review the most current knowledge of the pathophysiology of ITP. Immunological effects of available therapies are also described...
September 27, 2016: Hematology (Amsterdam, Netherlands)
Y Qiu, J Guo, R Mao, K Chao, B-L Chen, Y He, Z-R Zeng, S-H Zhang, M-H Chen
Toll-like receptor-3 (TLR3) priming may enhance mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) immunosuppressive activity, but this mechanism has not been investigated in the context of inflammatory bowel disease. Thus, we assessed the immunosuppressive properties of TLR3-primed MSCs using a trinitrobenzene sulfonate (TNBS)-induced mouse model of colitis. Intraperitoneally injected polyribocytidylic acid (poly (I:C)- (a ligand of TLR3) primed human umbilical cord-derived MSCs (hUC-MSCs) migrated to the inflamed colon and effectively improved clinical and pathological manifestations in colitic mice compared with mice treated with unstimulated hUC-MSCs (UCMs)...
September 21, 2016: Mucosal Immunology
Jijing Tian, Guoxiang Yang, Huan-Yuan Chen, Daniel K Hsu, Alexey Tomilov, Kristin A Olson, Ali Dehnad, Sarah R Fish, Gino Cortopassi, Bin Zhao, Fu-Tong Liu, M Eric Gershwin, Natalie J Török, Joy X Jiang
Macrophage activation is an important feature of primary biliary cholangitis (PBC) pathogenesis and other cholestatic liver diseases. Galectin-3 (Gal3), a pleiotropic lectin, is produced by monocytic cells and macrophages. However, its role in PBC has not been addressed. We hypothesized that Gal3 is a key to induce NOD-like receptor family, pyrin domain containing 3 (NLRP3) inflammasome in macrophages and in turn to propagate proinflammatory IL-17 signaling. In liver tissues from patients with PBC and dnTGF-βRII mice, a model of autoimmune cholangitis, the expression of Gal3, NLRP3, and the adaptor protein adaptor apoptosis-associated speck-like protein was induced, with the downstream activation of caspase-1 and IL-1β...
September 14, 2016: FASEB Journal: Official Publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
Hari Madhuri Doss, Ramamoorthi Ganesan, Mahaboobkhan Rasool
The present study was designed to investigate the potential therapeutic effect of trikatu, an herbal compound and its underlying molecular mechanism in rats with adjuvant-induced arthritis (AIA). Our results indicate that trikatu (1000 mg/kg/b.wt. oral) administration suppressed the production of pro-inflammatory cytokines (tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin (IL)-1β, IL-6, and monocyte chemoattractant protein (MCP)-1) and downregulated the mRNA expression levels of inflammatory mediators (TNF-α, IL-1β, IL-6, IL-17, MCP-1, receptor activator of nuclear factor kappa B ligand (RANKL), cyclooxygenase (COX)-2, and inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS)) and transcription factors (nuclear factor kappa B 65 (NFкB-p65) and activator protein-1 (AP-1)) in cultured AIA-fibroblast like synoviocytes and synovial tissue of AIA rats...
October 25, 2016: Chemico-biological Interactions
Manuel A R Ferreira, Rick Jansen, Gonneke Willemsen, Brenda Penninx, Lisa M Bain, Cristina T Vicente, Joana A Revez, Melanie C Matheson, Jennie Hui, Joyce Y Tung, Svetlana Baltic, Peter Le Souëf, Grant W Montgomery, Nicholas G Martin, Colin F Robertson, Alan James, Philip J Thompson, Dorret I Boomsma, John L Hopper, David A Hinds, Rhiannon B Werder, Simon Phipps
BACKGROUND: Hundreds of genetic variants are thought to contribute to variation in asthma risk by modulating gene expression. Methods that increase the power of genome wide association studies (GWAS) to identify risk-associated variants are needed. OBJECTIVE: To develop a method that aggregates the evidence for association with disease risk across expression quantitative trait loci (eQTLs) of a gene and use this approach to identify asthma risk genes. METHODS: We developed a gene-based test and software package called EUGENE that (1) is applicable to GWAS summary statistics; (2) considers both cis- and trans-eQTLs; (3) incorporates eQTLs identified in different tissues; and (4) uses simulations to account for multiple testing...
August 20, 2016: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
Lei Wei, Ying Sun, Xiu-Fang Kong, Chi Zhang, Tao Yue, Qi Zhu, Dong-Yi He, Lin-Di Jiang
BACKGROUND: Dopamine receptor 2 (DR2) expressions on B cells from Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients has been found to be negatively correlated with disease activity and can potentially predict the response to treatment. This study aimed to investigate the role of B cell DR2 expression on bone remodeling in RA. METHODS: Patients with RA (n = 14) or osteoarthritis (OA; n = 12), and healthy controls (n = 12) were recruited for this study. Dopamine receptor (DR) 2 expression was assessed using flow cytometry...
2016: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
Hyo Sang Song, Sang Jin Kim, Tae-In Park, Yong Hyun Jang, Eun-So Lee
BACKGROUND: Cutaneous pustular disorders include generalized pustular psoriasis (GPP) and acute generalized exanthematous pustulosis (AGEP). OBJECTIVE: To identify differences between GPP and AGEP, here we immunohistochemically evaluated interleukin (IL)-36 and the IL-23/Th17 axis. METHODS: This retrospective comparative immunohistochemical study was completed using 11 biopsies of 11 cases of GPP and 11 biopsies of 11 cases of AGEP. Through staining with the anti-IL-36-alpha (IL-36α), anti-IL-36 receptor antagonist (IL-36Ra), anti-nuclear factor kappa-light-chain-enhancer of activated B cells (NF-κB), anti-IL-23, anti-IL-17, and anti-IL-8 antibodies, main expression location and intensity were visualized in the epidermis and dermis...
August 2016: Annals of Dermatology
Marije I Koenders, Wim B van den Berg
Rheumatic disease is not a single disorder, but a group of more than 100 diseases that affect joints, connective tissues, and/or internal organs. Although rheumatic diseases like rheumatoid arthritis (RA), psoriatic arthritis, and ankylosing spondylitis (AS) differ in their pathogenesis and clinical presentation, the treatment of these inflammatory disorders overlaps. Non-steroid anti-inflammatory drugs are used to reduce pain and inflammation. Additional disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs are prescribed to slowdown disease progression, and is in RA more frequently and effectively applied than in AS...
2016: Drug Design, Development and Therapy
W Eik, S S Marcon, T Krupek, I T S Previdelli, O C N Pereira, M A R C P Silva, R B Bazotte
We evaluated the impact of postprandial glycemia on blood levels of pro-inflammatory and anti-inflammatory cytokines during an oral glucose tolerance test in non-diabetic patients with symptoms suggesting reactive hypoglycemia. Eleven patients with clinical symptoms suggesting reactive hypoglycemia received an oral glucose solution (75 g) Blood was collected at 0 (baseline), 30, 60, 120 and 180 min after glucose ingestion and the plasma concentrations of interferon-α (IFN-α), interferon-γ (IFN-γ), interleukin-1 receptor antagonist (IL-1RA), interleukin 2 (IL-2), interleukin-2 receptor (IL-2R), interleukin 4 (IL-4), interleukin 6 (IL-6), interleukin 8 (IL-8), interleukin 10 (IL-10), interleukin-12 (IL-12), interleukin 13 (IL-13), interleukin 15 (IL-15), interleukin 17 (IL-17), IFN-γ inducible protein 10 (IP-10), monocyte chemotactic protein 1 (MCP1), monokine induced by IFN-γ (MIG), macrophage inflammatory protein-1α (MIP-1α), interleukin-1β (IL-1β), colony stimulating factor (G-CSF), granulocyte-macrophage CSF (GM-CSF), basic fibroblast growth factor (FGF-basic), eotaxin, tumor necrosis factor α (TNFα), epidermal growth factor (EGF), hepatocyte growth factor (HGF), vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), macrophage inflammatory protein-1α (MIP-1α), and 1β (MIP-1β) were evaluated...
July 11, 2016: Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research, Revista Brasileira de Pesquisas Médicas e Biológicas
Byung-Kwan Seo, Hee-Kyoung Ryu, Yeon-Cheol Park, Jeong-Eun Huh, Yong-Hyeon Baek
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: As an n-butanol fractionated extracted mixture of Lonicera japonica Thunb, dried flowers and Anemarrhena asphodeloides Bunge, root, WIN-34B has been reported the analgesic, anti-inflammatory, cartilage-repairing and protective effects in previous studies. AIM OF THE STUDY: To investigate the effect of WIN-34B on osteogenesis and osteoclastogenesis in cytokine-induced mesenchymal stem cells and bone marrow cells. MATERIALS AND METHODS: To examine the effect of WIN-34B on osteogenic differentiation, human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs) were treated with WIN-34B (1μg/mL and 10μg/mL)...
July 8, 2016: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Zhenlong Wang, Zhiming Wang, Jinjing Wang, Yanqing Diao, Xiaoli Qian, Nan Zhu
Pathogenesis of Crohn's disease (CD) is thought to involve the chronic activation of T helper 1 (Th1)- and Th17-mediated inflammation, such as the production of interferon-gamma (IFN-γ) and interleukin 17 (IL-17). However, studies have also shown that although IFN-γ is required, IFN-γ-producing or T-bet-expressing Th1 cells are dispensable. We therefore examined T-bet-expressing B cells as another source of IFN-γ that potentially supported intestinal inflammation in CD patients. We found that the frequencies of T-bet-expressing B cells were significantly upregulated and abundantly present in the gut of active, but not quiescent, CD patients...
June 27, 2016: DNA and Cell Biology
D P Qin, P N Sun, Y J Zhou, F M Chen, C L Zhang, J X Han, X J Yang
OBJECTIVE: To observe the effect of Tripterygium wilfordii polycoride (TWP) on ulcerative colitis (UC), and its intervention effect on toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4)/myeloid differentiation factor 88 (MyD88) signaling pathway, thus to investigate its possible mechanism. METHODS: Trinitrobenzene sulfonic acid (TNBS)/ethanol enema method was used to set up the UC rat model. With random number table, 90 male Wistar rats were divided into normal control group, model group, TWP low, medium and high dose group (3, 6, 12 mg/kg, respectively) and azathioprine (AZA) group (6 mg/kg), with 15 rates in each group...
May 17, 2016: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
Ewa Kozela, Ana Juknat, Fuying Gao, Nathali Kaushansky, Giovanni Coppola, Zvi Vogel
BACKGROUND: Our previous studies showed that the non-psychoactive cannabinoid, cannabidiol (CBD), ameliorates the clinical symptoms in mouse myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein (MOG)35-55-induced experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis model of multiple sclerosis (MS) as well as decreases the memory MOG35-55-specific T cell (TMOG) proliferation and cytokine secretion including IL-17, a key autoimmune factor. The mechanisms of these activities are currently poorly understood. METHODS: Herein, using microarray-based gene expression profiling, we describe gene networks and intracellular pathways involved in CBD-induced suppression of these activated memory TMOG cells...
2016: Journal of Neuroinflammation
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