Read by QxMD icon Read

IL 25 receptor

Szczepan Mogilski, Monika Kubacka, Dorota Łażewska, Małgorzata Więcek, Monika Głuch-Lutwin, Małgorzata Tyszka-Czochara, Karolina Bukowska-Strakova, Barbara Filipek, Katarzyna Kieć-Kononowicz
OBJECTIVE AND DESIGN: Histamine H4 receptor (H4R) offers a great potential for new therapeutic strategies for the treatment of inflammation-based diseases. The aim of this study is to present the pharmacological profile of two recently synthesized ligands of H4R with particular reference to their anti-inflammatory and analgesic activity. MATERIALS AND SUBJECTS: We used mice and rats in the in vivo tests. We also used murine RAW 264.7 cells and isolated guinea-pig ileum in in vitro test...
October 20, 2016: Inflammation Research: Official Journal of the European Histamine Research Society ... [et Al.]
Stine M Ulven, Lena Leder, Elisabeth Elind, Inger Ottestad, Jacob J Christensen, Vibeke H Telle-Hansen, Anne J Skjetne, Ellen Raael, Navida A Sheikh, Marianne Holck, Kristin Torvik, Amandine Lamglait, Kari Thyholt, Marte G Byfuglien, Linda Granlund, Lene F Andersen, Kirsten B Holven
The healthy Nordic diet has been previously shown to have health beneficial effects among subjects at risk of CVD. However, the extent of food changes needed to achieve these effects is less explored. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of exchanging a few commercially available, regularly consumed key food items (e.g. spread on bread, fat for cooking, cheese, bread and cereals) with improved fat quality on total cholesterol, LDL-cholesterol and inflammatory markers in a double-blind randomised, controlled trial...
October 2016: British Journal of Nutrition
Quratulane Gillani, Muhammad Ali, Furhan Iqbal
Interleukin (IL) 6 and 18 plays an important role in inflammatory response following hypoxia ischemia encephalopathy (HIE). Present study was designed to demonstrate the effect of two GABAB receptor antagonists (CGP 35348 and 55845), respectively, on the serum IL6 and IL 18 concentrations in albino mice. Albino mice pups (of both genders) were subjected to Murine model of hypoxia-ischemia encephalopathy on postnatal day 10 (right common carotid artery was ligated followed by 8% hypoxia for 25 minutes). After neonatal brain damage and following weaning, mice were divided in three groups, in gender specific manner, and fed on normal rodent diet till they were 13 week old...
September 2016: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
M Galluzzo, S D'Adamio, L Bianchi, M Talamonti
Psoriasis is a complex disease in which the alteration of the IL-23/Th17 axis appears to be crucial for its pathogenic mechanisms, and anti-IL17 agents are rapidly becoming important therapeutic tools. Brodalumab, a fully human Chinese hamster ovary cell-derived immunoglobulin G2 (IgG2) anti-IL-17RA monoclonal antibody, is currently the most-developed treatment that binds to the IL-17RA. The authors review and provide updates of efficacy and safety by several studies on brodalumab. Areas covered: A PubMed search was performed for relevant literature...
October 10, 2016: Expert Review of Clinical Immunology
Yuncheng Bei, Jiajia Chen, Feifei Zhou, Yahong Huang, Nan Jiang, Renxiang Tan, Pingping Shen
Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma (PPARγ) is considered to be an important transcriptional factor in regulation of macrophages differentiation and activation. We have synthesized a series of novel structural molecules based on GW9662's structure (named BZ-24, BZ-25 and BZ-26), and interaction activity was calculated by computational docking. BZ-26 had shown stronger interaction with PPARγ and had higher transcriptional inhibitory activity of PPARγ with lower dosage compared with GW9662. BZ-26 was proved to inhibit inflammatory macrophage differentiation...
October 3, 2016: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
E L Wu, H X Cui
The prevention and treatment of type-2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and diabetic nephropathy (DN), which are disorders with high incidence rates, is of primary importance. In this study, we analyzed the effect of 1,25-(OH)2D3 and lipopolysaccharide (LPS) in combination with interleukin (IL)-15 on the inflammatory immune response and expression of vitamin D receptor (VDR) in mononuclear cells of T2DM and DN uremia (DNU) patients. The human acute monocytic leukemia cell line THP-1 was treated with peripheral blood serum isolated from 30 healthy controls and T2DM and DNU patients each, cultured in the presence or absence of 1,25-(OH)2D3, and subsequently treated with LPS and IL-15...
August 29, 2016: Genetics and Molecular Research: GMR
Mauricio Cortes, Michael J Chen, David L Stachura, Sarah Y Liu, Wanda Kwan, Francis Wright, Linda T Vo, Lindsay N Theodore, Virginie Esain, Isaura M Frost, Thorsten M Schlaeger, Wolfram Goessling, George Q Daley, Trista E North
Vitamin D insufficiency is a worldwide epidemic affecting billions of individuals, including pregnant women and children. Despite its high incidence, the impact of active vitamin D3 (1,25(OH)D3) on embryonic development beyond osteo-regulation remains largely undefined. Here, we demonstrate that 1,25(OH)D3 availability modulates zebrafish hematopoietic stem and progenitor cell (HSPC) production. Loss of Cyp27b1-mediated biosynthesis or vitamin D receptor (VDR) function by gene knockdown resulted in significantly reduced runx1 expression and Flk1(+)cMyb(+) HSPC numbers...
October 4, 2016: Cell Reports
Satoshi Suzuki, Souichiro Nakano, Seiichiro Ando, Ran Matsudaira, Yoshinori Kanai, Kenjiro Yamanaka, Yoshinari Takasaki
Anemia often develops in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients. In the present study, we examined the association between the therapeutic effectiveness of the biologic agent tocilizumab (TCZ) and potential predictors of therapeutic effectiveness. We focused on the amelioration of anemia of chronic inflammation through the mechanism of direct inhibition of Interleukin (IL)-6 receptor-mediated signals by TCZ. Serum hepcidin-25, which is expressed in an IL-6 dependent manner and is a major cause of anemia of chronic inflammation, was measured in 10 RA patients, before and after administration of TCZ...
September 17, 2016: Revista Brasileira de Reumatologia
Wei Tang, Steven G Smith, Brittany Salter, John Paul Oliveria, Patrick Mitchell, Graeme M Nusca, Karen Howie, Gail M Gauvreau, Paul M O'Byrne, Roma Sehmi
BACKGROUND: Interleukin (IL)-25 plays a pivotal role in type 2 immune responses. In a baseline cross-sectional study, we previously showed that IL-25 plasma levels and IL-25 receptor (IL-25R: IL-17RA, IL-17RB, and IL-17RA/RB) expression on mature blood eosinophils are increased in atopic asthmatics compared to normal nonatopic controls. This study investigated allergen-induced changes in IL-25 and IL-25R expression in eosinophils from asthmatics. METHODS: Dual responder atopic asthmatics (n = 14) were enrolled in this randomized diluent-controlled crossover allergen challenge study...
September 30, 2016: International Archives of Allergy and Immunology
Geoffrey N Hendy, Lucie Canaff
The human calcium-sensing receptor gene (CASR) has 8 exons, and localizes to chromosome 3q. Exons 1A and 1B encode alternative 5'-untranslated regions (UTRs) that splice to exon 2 encoding the AUG initiation codon. Exons 2-7 encode the CaSR protein of 1078 amino acids. Promoter P1 has TATA and CCAAT boxes upstream of exon 1A, and promoter P2 has Sp1/3 motifs at the start site of exon 1B. Exon 1A transcripts from the P1 promoter are reduced in parathyroid tumors and colon carcinomas. Studies of colon carcinomas and neuroblastomas have emphasized the importance of epigenetic changes-promoter methylation of the GC-rich P2 promoter, histone acetylation-as well as involvement of microRNAs in bringing about CASR gene silencing and reduced CaSR expression...
2016: Frontiers in Physiology
Xue Qin, Juanjuan Xu, Ziyan Wu, Fei Sun, Hua Chen, Wenjie Zheng, Shan Li, Ping Li, Si Chen, Ming Shen, Wen Zhang, Xin You, Qingjun Wu, Fengchun Zhang, Yong Zhe Li
OBJECTIVES: Two genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have identified the IL-23 receptor- IL-12 receptor β2 (IL23R-IL12RB2) as the susceptibility genetic region in Turkish and Japanese population with Behçet's disease (BD). We investigated the association of this region with BD in a Northern Chinese Han population. METHODS: A total of 407 patients with BD and 421 healthy controls were genotyped for single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) rs924080 and rs11209032 using the Sequenom MassArray system...
September 19, 2016: Human Immunology
Priscila Vianna, Andressa Mondadori, Moises E Bauer, Dinara Dornfeld, Jose Artur Chies
During pregnancy the maternal immune system is tolerant to fetal antigens via the engagement of immune regulatory mechanisms. Failure in regulating the maternal immunity to fetal antigens may lead to preeclampsia (PE). We addressed the role of HLAG gene polymorphisms and protein expression as well as regulatory T cells and Th1/Th2/Th17 cytokines in healthy and pathological pregnancies. Blood samples from 26 pregnant women with PE, 25 non-PE and 7 strictly healthy pregnant women were assessed. PBMCs were phenotyped for early activation markers (CD25 and CD69), regulatory T cell markers (CD8+CD28- and CD4+CD25highFoxp3+), ILT-2 (HLA-G receptor) and HLA-G...
September 20, 2016: Reproduction: the Official Journal of the Society for the Study of Fertility
W Naumnik, B Naumnik, W Niklińska, M Ossolińska, E Chyczewska
Osteoprotegerin (OPG), a soluble tumor necrosis factor receptor family molecule, protects endothelial cells from apoptosis in vitro and promotes neovascularization in vivo. Angiogenesis may be crucial for the course and outcome of sarcoidosis. In this study, we evaluated the clinical usefulness of OPG and its ligand, a soluble receptor activator of nuclear factor-kappaB (sRANKL), in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) in patients with sarcoidosis (BBS, Besniera-Boeck-Schaumann disease). We studied 22 BBS patients and 15 healthy volunteers as a control group...
September 20, 2016: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
Lingyan Lv, Yan Jiang, Xin Liu, Baoyan Wang, Wei Lv, Yue Zhao, Huihui Shi, Quanyin Hu, Hongliang Xin, Qunwei Xu, Zhen Gu
Combining treatment of anticancer cells and antiangiogenesis is considered to be a potential targeted strategy for brain glioblastoma therapy. In this study, by utilizing the overexpression of Interleukin 13 receptor α2 (IL-13Rα2) on the glioma cells and heparan sulfate on neovascular endothelial cells, we developed a paclitaxel (PTX) loaded Pep-1 and CGKRK peptide-modified PEG-PLGA nanoparticle (PC-NP-PTX) for glioma cells and neovasculature dual-targeted chemotherapy to enhance the antiglioma efficacy. There were significant differences both on the enhancement of cellular uptake in HUVEC and C6 cells and on the improvement of in vitro antiglioma activity in the respect of proliferation, tumor spheroid growth, tube formation, and migration between PC-NP-PTX and Taxol and NP-PTX...
October 3, 2016: Molecular Pharmaceutics
Chenlin Pei, Chao Zhao, An-Jiang Wang, Anya X Fan, Viktoriya Grinchuk, Allen Smith, Rex Sun, Yue Xie, Nonghua Lu, Joseph F Urban, Terez Shea-Donohue, Aiping Zhao, Zhonghan Yang
Infection of humans with parasitic nematodes especially gastrointestinal geohelminths affect hundreds of millions of people worldwide and thus poses a major risk to global health. The host defense mechanism against enteric nematode infection remains to be fully understood, but it involves a polarized type 2 immunity leading to alterations in intestinal function that facilitates worm expulsion. We investigated the role of IL-25 in host protection against Heligmosomoides (H.) polygyrus bakeri infection in mice...
September 12, 2016: Infection and Immunity
Chao Wang, Qingfa Liu, Fangfang Chen, Wenjuan Xu, Caiqing Zhang, Wei Xiao
BACKGROUND: Interleukin-25 (IL-25) is a potent activator of type-2 immune responses, and is responsible for airway inflammation in asthma. Previous reports have shown that IL-25 expressed hyper-reactivity in an experimental mouse-model of asthma. In addition, the production of IL-13/IL-5 promoted by nuocytes induced airway inflammation. Thus, it has been questioned whether blocking IL-25 against its receptor IL-17BR could inhibit the expression of IL-13 and IL-5 via nuocytes, and further protect against inflammation in ovalbumin (OVA) induced mouse-model of asthma...
2016: PloS One
Wenjie Liu, Huiyuan Li, Yating Hao, Yang Li, Mingen Lv, Feng Xue, Xiaofan Liu, Lei Zhang, Renchi Yang
Primary immune thrombocytopenia (ITP) is an acquired autoimmune disease. 1α, 25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 [1,25(OH)2D3] and vitamin D receptor (VDR) play important immune-suppressive roles in immune system. It has been reported that serum 1,25(OH)2D3 were lower in ITP patients. In this study, we evaluated local 1,25(OH)2D3 level and VDR mRNA expression further, and determined whether 1,25(OH)2D3/VDR were correlated with T cell dysfunction in ITP patients. We found that 1,25(OH)2D3/VDR levels were decreased in active ITP patients, and 1,25(OH)2D3 had significant anti-inflammatory effects on ITP patients, including both anti-proliferation of peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) and reversing the abnormal T cells polarization...
October 2016: Molecular Immunology
Haruyasu Ito, Kentaro Noda, Ken Yoshida, Kazuhiro Otani, Masayuki Yoshiga, Yohsuke Oto, Saburo Saito, Daitaro Kurosaka
BACKGROUND: Prokineticin 2 (PK2) expression is upregulated in mice with collagen-induced arthritis (CIA), an animal model of rheumatoid arthritis. The purpose of our study was to investigate the effects of PK2 inhibition on CIA. METHODS: PK2, prokineticin receptor (PKR) 1, and PKR2 mRNA transcripts in the joints of CIA mice were measured by real-time PCR on Days 21, 28, and 35 (n = 15/day). Localization of PKR1 and PKR2 proteins was examined immunohistochemically...
2016: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
M Miler, N Nikolac, D Segulja, S Kackov Maslac, I Celap, K Altabas, S Sefer, A M Simundic
PURPOSE: Low-grade chronic inflammation is present in patients on peritoneal dialysis (PD) and in metabolic syndrome (MS). Due to possible greater endothelial changes in dialyzed patients, inflammatory response and oxidative stress are probably stronger in patients on PD. The objective of the study was to investigate possible in between adipokines, inflammatory, endothelial and oxidative stress markers between MS patients and patients on PD. METHODS: Concentrations of adipokines (leptin, resistin), inflammatory markers [interleukin-6 (IL-6), soluble tumor necrosis factor alpha receptor (sTNF-R), myeloperoxidase (MPO), monocyte chemoattractant protein 1 (MCP-1)] and endothelial markers [soluble intracellular adhesion molecule-1 (sICAM-1), soluble CD40 ligand (sCD40L)] were determined in 55 MS patients and 18 patients on PD, with flow cytometry, and visfatin concentration was measured with ELISA...
September 6, 2016: Journal of Endocrinological Investigation
Yuanyuan Yu, Jinrong Zeng, Yabing Sun, Jianghong Wei, Jianwei Huang, Libing Ma
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between the severity of allergic asthma and the levels of atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP), and to analyze the potential role of ANP signaling in the pathogenesis of asthma.
 METHODS: We recruited 96 subjects, including 23 healthy volunteers, 25 stable allergic asthmatics, 21 mild allergic asthmatics and 27 moderate allergic asthmatics, from the Affiliated Hospital of Guilin Medical University. ANP, IFN-γ and IL-4 levels in serum were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), and the mRNA and protein expressions of natriuretic peptide receptor A (NPRA), transcription factor T-bet and GATA3 were measured by RT-PCR and Western blot...
July 2016: Zhong Nan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Central South University. Medical Sciences
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"