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Vertebral osteomyelitis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538361/characteristics-of-and-risk-factors-for-severe-neurological-deficit-in-patients-with-pyogenic-vertebral-osteomyelitis-a-case-control-study
#1
Adrien Lemaignen, Idir Ghout, Aurélien Dinh, Guillaume Gras, Bruno Fantin, Virginie Zarrouk, Robert Carlier, Jean-Edouard Loret, Eric Denes, Alix Greder, François-Xavier Lescure, David Boutoille, Pierre Tattevin, Bertrand Issartel, Jean-Philippe Cottier, Louis Bernard
Severe neurological deficit (SND) is a rare but major complication of pyogenic vertebral osteomyelitis (PVO). We aimed to determine the risk factors and the variables associated with clinical improvement for SND during PVO.This case-control study included patients without PVO-associated SND enrolled in a prospective randomized antibiotic duration study, and patients with PVO-associated SND managed in 8 French referral centers. Risk factors for SND were determined by logistic regression.Ninety-seven patients with PVO-associated SND cases, and 297 controls were included...
May 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523197/disseminated-mycobacterium-chimaera-presenting-as-vertebral-osteomyelitis
#2
Daphne M Moutsoglou, Frank Merritt, Ethan Cumbler
Mycobacterium chimaera, a member of the Mycobacterium avium complex, is a slow-growing, nontuberculous mycobacterium associated with outbreaks in cardiac-surgery patients supported on heart-lung machines. We report a case of an elderly woman on chronic prednisone who presented with a six-month history of worsening chronic back pain, recurrent low-grade fevers, and weight loss. Imaging identified multilevel vertebral osteomyelitis and lumbar soft-tissue abscess. Abscess culture identified M. chimaera.
2017: Case Reports in Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500093/vertebral-osteomyelitis-and-the-role-of-imaging
#3
Jennifer Hinners
Vertebral osteomyelitis is a rare but serious infectious disease that causes inflammation and destruction of the spinal vertebrae. Prompt diagnosis and treatment are essential to avoid adverse outcomes. This article reviews risk factors for vertebral osteomyelitis, disease mechanisms, signs and symptoms, and diagnostic criteria. Medical imaging techniques for vertebral osteomyelitis are a main focus, and treatment, prognosis, and possible complications also are discussed. Finally, the special case of pediatric patients with vertebral osteomyelitis is presented...
May 2017: Radiologic Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480283/using-nuclear-medicine-imaging-wisely-in-diagnosing-infectious-diseases
#4
REVIEW
Andrea Censullo, Tara Vijayan
In recent years, there has been an increasing emphasis on efficient and accurate diagnostic testing, exemplified by the American Board of Internal Medicine's "Choosing Wisely" campaign. Nuclear imaging studies can provide early and accurate diagnoses of many infectious disease syndromes, particularly in complex cases where the differential remains broad. This review paper offers clinicians a rational, evidence-based guide to approaching nuclear medicine tests, using an example case of methicillin-sensitive Staphylococcus aureus (MSSA) bacteremia in a patient with multiple potential sources...
2017: Open Forum Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474111/ct-guided-transosseous-soft-tissue-biopsy-techniques-outcomes-and-complications-in-50-cases
#5
Monzer Chehab, Stephen Zintsmaster, Syed Zafar Jafri, Mark Richards, Anindya Roy
PURPOSE: To describe the techniques, outcomes and complications of CT-guided transosseous biopsy of soft tissue lesions via multiple different routes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Clinical and radiologic data from all consecutive soft tissue biopsies performed via a transosseous approach between April 2009 and July 2015 were retrospectively compiled. Fifty biopsies performed in 50 patients (n = 17 males, n = 33 females) were included. Biopsies were performed using a 13-gauge biopsy needle which was advanced through the selected bone to the lesion margin followed by coaxial placement of either an 18- or 20-gauge biopsy gun...
May 4, 2017: Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28457622/-is-mri-useful-in-the-follow-up-of-pyogenic-vertebral-osteomyelitis
#6
Michael Benhamou, Adrien Lemaignen, Idir Ghout, Aymeric Saint-Hilaire, Aurélien Dinh, Jean-Philippe Cottier, Louis Bernard
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 27, 2017: La Presse Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437670/a-case-report-of-invasive-candidiasis-and-fungal-osteomyelitis-mimicking-oropharyngeal-carcinoma-recurrence-in-an-immunocompetent-patient-following-transoral-robotic-surgery
#7
Hong Yu Tan, Jenny Guek-Hong Low, Elizabeth Roche, Hiang Khoon Tan
INTRODUCTION: Transoral robotic surgery(TORS) for the excision of oropharyngeal tumour is increasingly considered for its lower rates of postoperative complications and better functional outcomes. However, we report a case of invasive candidiasis in an immunocompetent patient with previous radiation therapy years ago who underwent TORS recently. CASE PRESENTATION: A 55year old Chinese female with previous radiation therapy for nasopharyngeal carcinoma diagnosed in 1986 underwent wide excision of a newly diagnosed oropharyngeal carcinoma with TORS...
April 5, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403046/bacterial-osteomyelitis-or-nonbacterial-osteitis-in-children-a-study-involving-the-german-surveillance-unit-for-rare-diseases-in-childhood
#8
MULTICENTER STUDY
Veit Grote, Colen C G Silier, Agnes M Voit, Annette F Jansson
BACKGROUND: Although bacterial osteomyelitis (BO) is a commonly recognized diagnosis in pediatrics, it is often difficult to distinguish from nonbacterial osteitis (NBO). The goal of our study was to distinguish between the 2 disease entities and better define NBO. METHODS: Using the German Surveillance Unit for Rare Diseases in Childhood (Erhebungseinheit für Seltene Paediatrische Erkrankungen in Deutschland), this prospective study during a 5-year period captured 657 patients at first diagnosis of either BO (n = 378) or NBO (n = 279) while analyzing epidemiologic, clinical and radiologic data...
May 2017: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331805/prevotella-osteomyelitis-after-dental-capping-procedure
#9
Alexander Williams, Thomas Kerkering
We present a 49 year old man who presented to the emergency department with severe lower back pain of 5 days duration. One week prior he had been diagnosed with a right psoas muscle abscess and was discharged with a 28 day course of moxifloxacin after the preliminary culture from the psoas grew an anaerobic organism. MRI of the lumbar spine showed marrow edema in the L2 body, occupying most of the anterior two thirds of the body, with cortical erosion at the anteroinferior aspect of L1. Blood cultures were negative and bone biopsy of L2 showed neutrophilic invasion and reactive changes...
2017: IDCases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317632/actinomyces-neuii-causing-vertebral-osteomyelitis
#10
Kelly Pizzo, Christopher Arnold, Brian Wispelwey
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: American Journal of the Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258789/hematogenous-vertebral-osteomyelitis-associated-with-intravascular-device-associated-infections-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#11
Nora Renz, Judith Haupenthal, Michael A Schuetz, Andrej Trampuz
INTRODUCTION: Aim of the study was to investigate the clinical, microbiological, radiological, and treatment characteristics of hematogenous vertebral osteomyelitis originating from infected intravascular devices. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients with secondary hematogenous vertebral osteomyelitis caused by an infected intravascular device were included in this retrospective cohort study. Patients with prior spinal surgery were excluded. Categorical variables were compared using χ(2) or Fisher's exact tests and continuous variables using the Mann-Whitney U test...
May 2017: Diagnostic Microbiology and Infectious Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28249055/weakness-and-pain-in-arms-and-legs-%C3%A2-dark-urine-%C3%A2-history-of-vertebral-osteomyelitis-%C3%A2-dx
#12
Antonios Charokopos, Tariq Muhammad, Sidana Surbhi, Andrei Brateanu
Rhabdomyolysis is a serious complication of statin treatment. Both higher statin doses and pharmacokinetic factors can raise statin levels, leading to this serious usclerelated syndrome. Co-administration of statins with drugs that are strong inhibitors of cytochrome P450 (CYP) 3A4 (the main cytochrome P450 isoform that metabolizes most statins) can increase statin levels several fold. The trigger for our patient's statin-induced rhabdomyolysis was fluconazole, a known moderate inhibitor of CYP3A4, which is comparatively weaker than certain potent azoles like itraconazole or ketoconazole...
March 2017: Journal of Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237725/nosocomial-vertebral-osteomyelitis
#13
Ami Schattner, Yosef Drahy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 22, 2017: American Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207621/mri-based-decision-making-of-implant-removal-in-deep-wound-infection-after-instrumented-lumbar-fusion
#14
Masahiro Kanayama, Tomoyuki Hashimoto, Keiichi Shigenobu, Fumihiro Oha, Akira Iwata, Masaru Tanaka
STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective study. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to review the treatment of deep wound infection after posterior instrumented lumbar fusion, and thereby to optimize the decision-making process of implant removal or retention on the basis of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) assessment. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Biofilm formed on the surface of the spinal implant prevents infiltration of antibiotics and makes the infection treatment more complicated...
March 2017: Clinical Spine Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196658/gaining-a-toehold-staphylococcus-aureus-vertebral-osteomyelitis
#15
Thomas Herren, Jochen Schwarz, Ursula Flückiger
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 11, 2017: American Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187064/bacterial-osteomyelitis-or-nonbacterial-osteitis-in-children-a-study-involving-the-german-surveillance-unit-for-rare-diseases-in-childhood
#16
Veit Grote, Colen C G Silier, Agnes M Voit, Annette F Jansson
BACKGROUND: Although bacterial osteomyelitis (BO) is a commonly recognized diagnosis in pediatrics, it is often difficult to distinguish from nonbacterial osteitis (NBO). The goal of our study was to distinguish between the two disease entities and better define NBO. METHOD: Using the German Surveillance Unit for Rare Diseases in Childhood (Erhebungseinheit für Seltene Paediatrische Erkrankungen (ESPED) in Deutschland) this prospective study during a 5 five year period captured 657 patients at first diagnosis of either BO (n=378) or NBO (n=279) while analyzing epidemiologic, clinical and radiologic data...
December 13, 2016: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28151846/osteomyelitis-of-the-odontoid-process-in-children-two-cases-and-review-of-the-literature
#17
Asael Lubotzky, Ruth Cytter Kuint, Eliyahu Raccah, Orli Megged
OBJECTIVE: To report clinical, laboratory, and radiologic manifestations in two infants with osteomyelitis of the odontoid process (dens). BACKGROUND: Vertebral osteomyelitis is uncommon, and osteomyelitis of the dens has rarely been reported in the pediatric population. METHODS: The medical records of two infants diagnosed with dens osteomyelitis were reviewed. RESULTS: Both infants had fever which resolved spontaneously before admission...
January 31, 2017: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28143552/abscess-of-the-cervical-spine-secondary-to-injection-site-infection-in-a-heifer
#18
Ueli Braun, Christian Gerspach, Karolin Kühn, Julia Bünter, Monika Hilbe
BACKGROUND: Abscesses in the neck region can result from infection associated with injection of drugs into the neck muscles. To our knowledge, there have been no reports of osteomyelitis of the cervical vertebra and spinal cord compression secondary to an abscess in the neck. This case report describes the findings in a 9.5-month-old heifer with an abscess of the cervical spine secondary to injection site infection. CASE PRESENTATION: The main clinical findings were swelling on the left side of the neck, proprioceptive deficits in all limbs and generalised ataxia...
January 31, 2017: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28071947/presacral-abscess-as-a-rare-complication-of-sacral-nerve-stimulator-implantation
#19
A Gumber, S Ayyar, H Varia, S Pettit
A 50-year-old man with intractable anal pain attributed to proctalgia fugax underwent insertion of a sacral nerve stimulator via the right S3 vertebral foramen for pain control with good symptomatic relief. Thirteen months later, he presented with signs of sepsis. Computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed a large presacral abscess. MRI demonstrated increased enhancement along the pathway of the stimulator electrode, indicating that the abscess was caused by infection introduced at the time of sacral nerve stimulator placement...
March 2017: Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993825/invasive-group-g-streptococcal-infection-in-a-paediatric-patient
#20
Sejal Makvana Bhavsar, Gail F Shust
We present a paediatric case of group G streptococcal bacteraemia and vertebral osteomyelitis. The patient is a 14-year-old girl with Gaucher disease type 1 who presented with severe thoracolumbar pain. She was treated with a 4-week course of antibiotics for presumed osteomyelitis with clinical improvement.
December 19, 2016: BMJ Case Reports
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