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Vertebral osteomyelitis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228845/correction-to-choi-et-al-diagnostic-usefulness-of-the-quantiferon-tb-gold-in-tube-test-qft-git-for-tuberculous-vertebral-osteomyelitis
#1
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 12, 2017: Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222405/multiple-weekly-dalbavancin-dosing-for-the-treatment-of-native-vertebral-osteomyelitis-caused-by-methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-a-case-report
#2
Thamer A Almangour, Valerie Fletcher, Mohammed Alessa, Abdullah A Alhifany, Deanne Tabb
BACKGROUND Native vertebral osteomyelitis (NVO) is a common form of hematogenous osteomyelitis, with Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) being the most commonly isolated organism. Dalbavancin is approved by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for the treatment of acute bacterial skin and skin structure infections (ABSSSI) and has a sufficiently promising pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic profile to be considered for the treatment of vertebral osteomyelitis. We describe here what is probably the first reported case of using multiple weekly dalbavancin to treat a complicated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) bacteremia and vertebral osteomyelitis...
December 9, 2017: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212978/-acute-myeloid-leukemia-complicated-by-pneumonia-and-vertebral-osteomyelitis-during-induction-chemotherapy
#3
Yuki Kamata, Yuki Fujiwara, Kentaro Mizuhara, Naoya Mochizuki, Shiro Kubonishi, Yasushi Hiramatsu
A 76-year-old woman was operated on for rectal cancer in 2011 without chemotherapy and was followed up in the outpatient department. Decrease in white blood cell count was observed from 2013, and she developed anemia in 2015. Bone marrow aspiration was performed, and she was diagnosed with acute myeloid leukemia with myelodysplasia-related changes (AML/MRC). First, remission induction therapy was initiated with idarubicin and cytarabine administration, but pneumonia and vertebral osteomyelitis developed during the neutropenic period...
2017: [Rinshō Ketsueki] the Japanese Journal of Clinical Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206837/pyogenic-vertebral-osteomyelitis-of-the-elderly-characteristics-and-outcomes
#4
Johan Courjon, Adrien Lemaignen, Idir Ghout, Audrey Therby, Nadia Belmatoug, Aurélien Dinh, Guillaume Gras, Louis Bernard
BACKGROUND: The incidence of pyogenic vertebral osteomyelitis (PVO) has increased over the past two decades. One possible cause of this increase is the aging of the population, which results in more comorbidities in high income countries. OBJECTIVE: To better characterize the clinical presentation and outcome of PVO in the elderly. DESIGN: We conducted a post-hoc analysis of a previously published trial that studied treatment duration in PVO and compared the presentation and outcomes according to age...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189087/diagnostic-usefulness-of-the-quantiferon-tb-gold-in-tube-test-qft-git-for-tuberculous-vertebral-osteomyelitis
#5
Sungim Choi, Kyung Hwa Jung, Hyo-Ju Son, Seung Hyun Lee, Jung Min Hong, Min Chul Kim, Min Jae Kim, Yong Pil Chong, Heungsup Sung, Sang-Oh Lee, Sang-Ho Choi, Yang Soo Kim, Jun Hee Woo, Sung-Han Kim
BACKGROUND: Interferon (IFN)-γ-releasing assay for diagnosing tuberculosis (TB) has shown promise; however, there are only a few reports on usefulness of the QuantiFERON-TB Gold In-Tube test (QFT-GIT) for diagnosing TB vertebral osteomyelitis. METHODS: All patients presenting at a tertiary hospital between January 2010 and July 2016 with suspected TB vertebral osteomyelitis were retrospectively enrolled to evaluate the diagnostic performance of QFT-GIT. We used QFT-GIT to measure the IFN-γ response to ESAT-6, CFP-10 and TB7...
November 30, 2017: Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135608/the-epidemiology-of-vertebral-osteomyelitis-in-the-united-states-from-1998-to-2013
#6
Kimona Issa, Bassel G Diebo, Michael Faloon, Qais Naziri, Sina Pourtaheri, Carl B Paulino, Arash Emami
STUDY DESIGN: This is a epidemiological database analysis. OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this article are to assess the following characteristics of vertebral osteomyelitis (VO): (1) incidence and patient demographics, (2) mortality rate, (3) length-of-stay (LOS), and (4) admission costs. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND: VO is a serious disease with potentially devastating clinical consequences. At present, there is limited data on the epidemiology of VO in the United States as previous reports are based on older studies with small sample sizes...
November 10, 2017: Clinical Spine Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127574/biologic-treatment-for-chronic-recurrent-multifocal-osteomyelitis-report-of-four-cases-and-review-of-the-literature
#7
REVIEW
Elena Tronconi, Angela Miniaci, Michelangelo Baldazzi, Laura Greco, Andrea Pession
Chronic recurrent multifocal osteomyelitis (CRMO) is a rare non-infectious inflammatory disorder with unpredictable clinical course, characterized by acute exacerbations and spontaneous remissions. There are no randomized-controlled trials about treatment options. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAID) are the first-line treatment option; glucocorticoids seem to be effective; positive outcomes have been obtained with bisphosphonates. In the last few years successful use of biologic agents like anti-TNF agents has been reported...
November 11, 2017: Rheumatology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114175/head-to-head-comparison-of-68-ga-citrate-and-18-f-fdg-pet-ct-for-detection-of-infectious-foci-in-patients-with-staphylococcus-aureus-bacteraemia
#8
Soile P Salomäki, Jukka Kemppainen, Ulla Hohenthal, Pauliina Luoto, Olli Eskola, Pirjo Nuutila, Marko Seppänen, Laura Pirilä, Jarmo Oksi, Anne Roivainen
Purpose: This study evaluated the potential of (68)Ga-citrate positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) for the detection of infectious foci in patients with Staphylococcus aureus bacteraemia by comparing it with 2-[(18)F]fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose ((18)F-FDG) PET/CT. Methods: Four patients admitted to hospital due to S. aureus bacteraemia underwent both (18)F-FDG and (68)Ga-citrate whole-body PET/CT scans to detect infectious foci. Results: The time from hospital admission and the initiation of antibiotic treatment to the first PET/CT was 4-10 days...
2017: Contrast Media & Molecular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102310/-vertebral-osteomyelitis-due-to-candida-tropicalis-secondary-to-candidemia-a-case-report
#9
S Zayet, I Chaabane, B Kilani, M Bouaziz, F Ladeb, H B Tiouiri
Candida spp. vertebral osteomyelitis is rare. Clinical presentation is unspecific. Diagnosis requires mycological culture of a biopsy specimen. Therapeutic management is based on prolonged course of azole or liposomal amphotericin B. We report the case of Candida tropicalis vertebral osteomyelitis with epidural involvement in a 27 years-old male patient, followed for S-β-thalassemia and with a history of candidemia. The fungus was isolated from a needle biopsy of the vertebral disk. The outcome was favorable under antifungal treatment by amphotericin B and voriconazole...
October 25, 2017: Journal de Mycologie Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095386/torticollis-and-fever-in-a-young-boy-a-unique-presentation-of-cat-scratch-disease-with-vertebral-osteomyelitis-and-epidural-phlegmon
#10
Jason R Rafferty, Elizabeth Janopaul-Naylor, Jeffrey Riese
Cat-scratch disease-associated vertebral osteomyelitis and epidural involvement are rare and may manifest with nonspecific chronic symptoms in children, such as fever or torticollis. We present only the fourth case in the literature describing epidural involvement in an immunocompetent boy presenting with fever, torticollis, and indiscriminate left upper back tenderness. Bartonella henselae serologies are important to consider because such atypical complications often are responsive to conservative management with antibiotics...
October 31, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29066569/closing-the-brief-case-bacteremia-and-vertebral-osteomyelitis-due-to-staphylococcus-schleiferi
#11
EDITORIAL
Melanie L Yarbrough, Yasir Hamad, C A Burnham, Ige A George
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Journal of Clinical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29066564/the-brief-case-bacteremia-and-vertebral-osteomyelitis-due-to-staphylococcus-schleiferi
#12
EDITORIAL
Melanie L Yarbrough, Yasir Hamad, C A Burnham, Ige A George
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Journal of Clinical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062623/a-complicated-case-of-group-b-streptococcus-empyema-necessitans
#13
Kevin G Buell, Saira Ajmal, Jennifer A Whitaker
Empyema necessitans is a complication of a pleural space infection that dissects through the pleura into the soft tissues of the chest and skin. Due to the widespread availability of antibiotics, empyema necessitans is rare in modern medicine and is most commonly caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis. A 38-year-old immunocompetent male presented with left shoulder pain and his chest radiograph revealed a mass in the upper left lung and/or pleural space. He underwent multiple debridements of the chest wall due to a left chest wall abscess and empyema necessitans...
August 22, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992848/the-first-report-of-human-primary-thoracic-spine-mast-cell-sarcoma-a-case-report
#14
Ali C Ravanpay, Jonathan R Fromm, Kerstin L Edlefsen, Paul Martin, Randal Chesnut
In this report, we present a 53-year-old woman with primary mast cell sarcoma of the thoracic spine vertebrae. Mast cell sarcoma is an aggressive and rare cancer. To date, no cases of primary mast cell sarcoma have been reported in the spinal vertebrae. The patient initially presented with a 1-month history of pelvic and abdominal pain. Inconclusive gynecological evaluation resulted in a CT of the abdomen and pelvis, demonstrating a destructive lesion centered at the 11th thoracic vertebral body. The patient underwent a two-stage spine operation for T11 corpectomy and T7-L3 posterior spinal fusion...
October 10, 2017: Clinical Neuropathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989929/delayed-intestinal-perforation-and-vertebral-osteomyelitis-after-high-intensity-focused-ultrasound-treatment-for-uterine-leiomyoma
#15
Dong Won Hwang, Hyun Suk Song, Hee Sun Kim, Kyoung Chul Chun, Jae Whoan Koh, Young Ah Kim
High-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) is a non-invasive uterine fibroid treatment option for patients who want to preserve fertility. However, according to several reports regarding ablation of solid tumors by HIFU, there are rare complications in patients with uterine leiomyomas, and overall data are still insufficient. Here, we report rare and major complications of HIFU, such as delayed intestinal perforation, uterine perforation with recto-uterine fistula, and osteomyelitis 29 days after the HIFU procedure to treat multiple myomas...
September 2017: Obstetrics & Gynecology Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28956545/disseminated-mycobacterium-chimaera-infection-after-open-heart-surgery-in-an-italian-woman-a-case-report-and-a-review-of-the-literature
#16
Sheila Chiesi, Daniela Piacentini, Nicola Duccio Salerno, Dora Luise, Marta Peracchi, Ercole Concia, Angelo Cazzadori, Enrico Piovan, Massimiliano Lanzafame
We report the first Italian case of Mycobacterium chimaera disseminated infection in a patient with a history of cardiac surgery. The patient was initially diagnosed with sarcoidosis and started on immunosuppressive therapy. Ten months later she developed a vertebral osteomyelitis: M. chimaera was isolated from bone specimen. A review of the literature shows that M. chimaera infection occurs specifically in this population of patients, due to contamination of heater-cooler units used during cardiosurgery. Devices responsible for the transmission were produced by Sorin Group Deutschland...
September 1, 2017: Le Infezioni in Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900682/treatment-of-staphylococcus-aureus-infections
#17
Michael Z David, Robert S Daum
Staphylococcus aureus, although generally identified as a commensal, is also a common cause of human bacterial infections, including of the skin and other soft tissues, bones, bloodstream, and respiratory tract. The history of S. aureus treatment is marked by the development of resistance to each new class of antistaphylococcal antimicrobial drugs, including the penicillins, sulfonamides, tetracyclines, glycopeptides, and others, complicating therapy. S. aureus isolates identified in the 1960s were sometimes resistant to methicillin, a ß-lactam antimicrobial active initially against a majority S...
September 13, 2017: Current Topics in Microbiology and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28879094/vertebral-osteomyelitis-as-a-rare-manifestation-of-lemierre-s-syndrome
#18
Takahiro Matsuo, Nobuyoshi Mori, Aki Sakurai, Yumiko Mikami, Keiichi Furukawa
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: IDCases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874517/ruminant-neurological-disease-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#19
Lucy Giles, Jayne Orr, Lorenzo Viora, Rodrigo Gutierrez-Quintana, David Logue, Julien Guevar
Between January 2006 and June 2016, 96 ruminants with neurological signs were donated to the Scottish Centre for Production Animal Health and Food Safety (SCPAHFS), University of Glasgow, by veterinarians in the field representing 5.4 per cent of all submissions. Forty-seven different neurological presenting signs were reported with 79 per cent of the donated patients presenting with abnormal gait. All cases presenting with abnormalities in more than 4 out of 10 neurological categories died or were euthanased on welfare grounds...
September 5, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28845786/campylobacter-jejuni-vertebral-osteomyelitis
#20
Ivan Puljiz, Antea Topic
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Lancet Infectious Diseases
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