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Vertebral osteomyelitis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29396671/endocarditis-associated-with-vertebral-osteomyelitis-and-septic-arthritis-of-the-axial-skeleton
#1
Oscar Murillo, Imma Grau, Joan Gomez-Junyent, Celina Cabrera, Alba Ribera, Fe Tubau, Carmen Peña, Javier Ariza, Roman Pallares
PURPOSE: The relationship between infective endocarditis (IE) and osteoarticular infections (OAIs) are not well known. We aimed to study the characteristics of patients with IE and OAIs, and the interactions between these two infections. METHODS: An observational study (1993-2014) which includes two cohorts: (1) patients with IE (n = 607) and (2) patients with bacteremic OAIs (n = 458; septic arthritis of peripheral and axial skeleton, and vertebral and peripheral osteomyelitis)...
February 2, 2018: Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29395691/pott-s-disease-in-a-patient-with-subtle-red-flags
#2
Lauren M Cantwell, John C Perkins, David C V Keyes
BACKGROUND: Tuberculosis (TB) is now rare in developed countries; however, it is an important diagnosis for the Emergency Physician to be able to make. Classically thought of as a respiratory disease, TB can present in other ways, making it more challenging to recognize. CASE REPORT: We report the case of a 41-year-old woman who presented to the Emergency Department with a 4-week history of back pain. A diagnosis of T12 osteomyelitis and right psoas muscle abscess was made after magnetic resonance imaging...
January 26, 2018: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29393738/lumbar-hemilaminectomy-for-treatment-of-diskospondylitis-in-an-aardvark-orycteropus-afer
#3
Benjamin N Nevitt, Michael J Adkesson, Gwen Jankowski, Paula West, Jennifer N Langan
CASE DESCRIPTION A 17-year-old sexually intact male aardvark (Orycteropus afer) was evaluated because of hind limb proprioception deficits and ataxia. CLINICAL FINDINGS Results of examination and CT suggested a diagnosis of intervertebral disk disease and diskospondylitis at the L2-3 intervertebral space. Magnetic resonance imaging of the vertebral column also indicated intervertebral disk rupture with spinal cord compression and inflammation of the adjacent epaxial musculature TREATMENT AND OUTCOME Hemilaminectomy was performed according to the technique described for dogs...
February 15, 2018: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29382027/candida-vertebral-osteomyelitis-cvo-28-cases-from-a-10-year-retrospective-study-in-france-erratum
#4
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29377845/osteomyelitis-arising-around-osseointegrated-dental-implants-a-systematic-review
#5
Sergio V Kellesarian, Fawad Javed, Georgios E Romanos
OBJECTIVE: The past few years have seen a progressive increment in the number of osteomyelitis cases associated with dental implants, raising the interest of a possible role of implant therapy in the development of osteomyelitis. The aim of the present study was to systematically review the association between dental implant therapy and occurrence of osteomyelitis. DATA SOURCES: The focused question addressed was "What is the risk to develop osteomyelitis among patients receiving dental implants?" Indexed databases were searched without language restrictions up to January 2017 using various key words including: "osteomyelitis"; "dental implants"; "osseointegration"; and "risk factors...
January 17, 2018: Implant Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29359842/carbapenem-resistant-klebsiella-pneumoniae-vertebral-osteomyelitis-in-a-renal-transplant-recipient-treated-with-ceftazidime-avibactam
#6
Eris Cani, Farzad Moussavi, Eric Ocheretyaner, Roopali Sharma, Clinton Brown, Brandon Eilertson
Ceftazidime-avibactam (CAZ-AVI) is a novel cephalosporin beta lactamase inhibitor combination that has shown activity against carbapenem-resistant Enterobactericeae. Data are limited on its utilization in the treatment of carbapenem-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae osteomyelitis in solid organ transplant patients. We describe a case report on the use of CAZ-AVI in the treatment of vertebral osteomyelitis in a renal transplant recipient. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
January 23, 2018: Transplant Infectious Disease: An Official Journal of the Transplantation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29354758/gibbus-deformity-after-non-tuberculosis-osteomyelitis
#7
Akop Seksenyan, Darian R Esfahani, Kimberly Hu, Ankit I Mehta
Gibbus deformities are characterized by anterior collapse of one or more vertebral bodies resulting in kyphosis. These deformities usually arise from spinal infections, and are traditionally associated with tuberculosis; other pathogens are rarely reported in the literature. In this case report, the authors describe a patient with a sharp, angulated Gibbus deformity presenting with back pain and myelopathy. The patient was placed on antibiotics, underwent T11-T12 corpectomy, placement of an expandable cage, and T8-L3 fusion with improvement of symptoms...
December 2017: Journal of Spine Surgery (Hong Kong)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321407/vertebral-osteomyelitis-caused-by-helicobacter-cinaedi-identified-using-broad-range-polymerase-chain-reaction-with-sequencing-of-the-biopsied-specimen
#8
Ryota Hase, Takuya Hirooka, Takashi Itabashi, Yasunobu Endo, Yoshihito Otsuka
A 65-year-old man presented with gradually exacerbating low back pain. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed vertebral osteomyelitis in the Th11-L2 vertebral bodies and discs. The patient showed negative findings on conventional cultures. Direct broad-range polymerase chain reaction (PCR) with sequencing of the biopsied specimen had the highest similarity to the 16S rRNA gene of Helicobacter cinaedi. This case suggests that direct broad-range PCR with sequencing should be considered when conventional cultures cannot identify the causative organism of vertebral osteomyelitis, and that this method may be particularly useful when the pathogen is a fastidious organism, such as H...
January 11, 2018: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276230/disseminated-nontuberculous-mycobacterial-infection-in-a-patient-with-anti-ifn-%C3%AE-autoantibodies
#9
Masakuni Tanimizu, Kenji Mizuno, Masayuki Hashimoto
We treated a 72-year-old Japanese female with sustained high fever and overall body exhaustion. An infectious liver cyst and right lung pneumonia were suspected causes. Hepatic cystectomy and various antibiotics did not resolve symptoms. Pneumonia exacerbation and ascitic fluid retention, left lumbar spinal osteomyelitis, and peri-gastric lymph node abscess penetrating the stomach were observed. Mycobacterium avium was identified in sputum, ascites, vertebral body abscess puncture specimen, and pus mucus secretion in the stomach...
December 2017: Acta Medica Okayama
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29261635/cerebral-abscesses-and-osteomyelitis-caused-by-fish-bone-impaction-on-fdg-pet-ct-imaging
#10
Gui-Xiong Zhang, Ting Jiang, Yong-Jiang Mao, Min Yang, Jie-Hua Xu
A 50-year-old woman complained postprandial vomiting for 5 days and drowsiness for 3 days. Possible central nervous pathology was suspected clinically. Brain MRI suggested likely brain metastases. For this reason, FDG PET/CT was performed to search the primary malignancy. The images showed abnormal activity not only in the brain, but also in the retropharyngeal region and in the thoracic vertebral body. The lesions were eventually confirmed as infection caused by fish bone impaction that occurred 1 month earlier...
December 19, 2017: Clinical Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228845/correction-to-choi-et-al-diagnostic-usefulness-of-the-quantiferon-tb-gold-in-tube-test-qft-git-for-tuberculous-vertebral-osteomyelitis
#11
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 12, 2017: Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222405/multiple-weekly-dalbavancin-dosing-for-the-treatment-of-native-vertebral-osteomyelitis-caused-by-methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-a-case-report
#12
Thamer A Almangour, Valerie Fletcher, Mohammed Alessa, Abdullah A Alhifany, Deanne Tabb
BACKGROUND Native vertebral osteomyelitis (NVO) is a common form of hematogenous osteomyelitis, with Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) being the most commonly isolated organism. Dalbavancin is approved by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for the treatment of acute bacterial skin and skin structure infections (ABSSSI) and has a sufficiently promising pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic profile to be considered for the treatment of vertebral osteomyelitis. We describe here what is probably the first reported case of using multiple weekly dalbavancin to treat a complicated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) bacteremia and vertebral osteomyelitis...
December 9, 2017: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212978/-acute-myeloid-leukemia-complicated-by-pneumonia-and-vertebral-osteomyelitis-during-induction-chemotherapy
#13
Yuki Kamata, Yuki Fujiwara, Kentaro Mizuhara, Naoya Mochizuki, Shiro Kubonishi, Yasushi Hiramatsu
A 76-year-old woman was operated on for rectal cancer in 2011 without chemotherapy and was followed up in the outpatient department. Decrease in white blood cell count was observed from 2013, and she developed anemia in 2015. Bone marrow aspiration was performed, and she was diagnosed with acute myeloid leukemia with myelodysplasia-related changes (AML/MRC). First, remission induction therapy was initiated with idarubicin and cytarabine administration, but pneumonia and vertebral osteomyelitis developed during the neutropenic period...
2017: [Rinshō Ketsueki] the Japanese Journal of Clinical Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206837/pyogenic-vertebral-osteomyelitis-of-the-elderly-characteristics-and-outcomes
#14
Johan Courjon, Adrien Lemaignen, Idir Ghout, Audrey Therby, Nadia Belmatoug, Aurélien Dinh, Guillaume Gras, Louis Bernard
BACKGROUND: The incidence of pyogenic vertebral osteomyelitis (PVO) has increased over the past two decades. One possible cause of this increase is the aging of the population, which results in more comorbidities in high income countries. OBJECTIVE: To better characterize the clinical presentation and outcome of PVO in the elderly. DESIGN: We conducted a post-hoc analysis of a previously published trial that studied treatment duration in PVO and compared the presentation and outcomes according to age...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189087/diagnostic-usefulness-of-the-quantiferon-tb-gold-in-tube-test-qft-git-for-tuberculous-vertebral-osteomyelitis
#15
Sungim Choi, Kyung Hwa Jung, Hyo-Ju Son, Seung Hyun Lee, Jung Min Hong, Min Chul Kim, Min Jae Kim, Yong Pil Chong, Heungsup Sung, Sang-Oh Lee, Sang-Ho Choi, Yang Soo Kim, Jun Hee Woo, Sung-Han Kim
BACKGROUND: Interferon (IFN)-γ-releasing assay for diagnosing tuberculosis (TB) has shown promise; however, there are only a few reports on usefulness of the QuantiFERON-TB Gold In-Tube test (QFT-GIT) for diagnosing TB vertebral osteomyelitis. METHODS: All patients presenting at a tertiary hospital between January 2010 and July 2016 with suspected TB vertebral osteomyelitis were retrospectively enrolled to evaluate the diagnostic performance of QFT-GIT. We used QFT-GIT to measure the IFN-γ response to ESAT-6, CFP-10 and TB7...
November 30, 2017: Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135608/the-epidemiology-of-vertebral-osteomyelitis-in-the-united-states-from-1998-to-2013
#16
Kimona Issa, Bassel G Diebo, Michael Faloon, Qais Naziri, Sina Pourtaheri, Carl B Paulino, Arash Emami
STUDY DESIGN: This is a epidemiological database analysis. OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this article are to assess the following characteristics of vertebral osteomyelitis (VO): (1) incidence and patient demographics, (2) mortality rate, (3) length-of-stay (LOS), and (4) admission costs. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND: VO is a serious disease with potentially devastating clinical consequences. At present, there is limited data on the epidemiology of VO in the United States as previous reports are based on older studies with small sample sizes...
November 10, 2017: Clinical Spine Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127574/biologic-treatment-for-chronic-recurrent-multifocal-osteomyelitis-report-of-four-cases-and-review-of-the-literature
#17
REVIEW
Elena Tronconi, Angela Miniaci, Michelangelo Baldazzi, Laura Greco, Andrea Pession
Chronic recurrent multifocal osteomyelitis (CRMO) is a rare non-infectious inflammatory disorder with unpredictable clinical course, characterized by acute exacerbations and spontaneous remissions. There are no randomized-controlled trials about treatment options. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAID) are the first-line treatment option; glucocorticoids seem to be effective; positive outcomes have been obtained with bisphosphonates. In the last few years successful use of biologic agents like anti-TNF agents has been reported...
November 11, 2017: Rheumatology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114175/head-to-head-comparison-of-68ga-citrate-and-18f-fdg-pet-ct-for-detection-of-infectious-foci-in-patients-with-staphylococcus-aureus-bacteraemia
#18
Soile P Salomäki, Jukka Kemppainen, Ulla Hohenthal, Pauliina Luoto, Olli Eskola, Pirjo Nuutila, Marko Seppänen, Laura Pirilä, Jarmo Oksi, Anne Roivainen
Purpose: This study evaluated the potential of 68Ga-citrate positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) for the detection of infectious foci in patients with Staphylococcus aureus bacteraemia by comparing it with 2-[18F]fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose (18F-FDG) PET/CT. Methods: Four patients admitted to hospital due to S. aureus bacteraemia underwent both 18F-FDG and 68Ga-citrate whole-body PET/CT scans to detect infectious foci. Results: The time from hospital admission and the initiation of antibiotic treatment to the first PET/CT was 4-10 days...
2017: Contrast Media & Molecular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102310/-vertebral-osteomyelitis-due-to-candida-tropicalis-secondary-to-candidemia-a-case-report
#19
S Zayet, I Chaabane, B Kilani, M Bouaziz, F Ladeb, H B Tiouiri
Candida spp. vertebral osteomyelitis is rare. Clinical presentation is unspecific. Diagnosis requires mycological culture of a biopsy specimen. Therapeutic management is based on prolonged course of azole or liposomal amphotericin B. We report the case of Candida tropicalis vertebral osteomyelitis with epidural involvement in a 27 years-old male patient, followed for S-β-thalassemia and with a history of candidemia. The fungus was isolated from a needle biopsy of the vertebral disk. The outcome was favorable under antifungal treatment by amphotericin B and voriconazole...
October 25, 2017: Journal de Mycologie Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095386/torticollis-and-fever-in-a-young-boy-a-unique-presentation-of-cat-scratch-disease-with-vertebral-osteomyelitis-and-epidural-phlegmon
#20
Jason R Rafferty, Elizabeth Janopaul-Naylor, Jeffrey Riese
Cat-scratch disease-associated vertebral osteomyelitis and epidural involvement are rare and may manifest with nonspecific chronic symptoms in children, such as fever or torticollis. We present only the fourth case in the literature describing epidural involvement in an immunocompetent boy presenting with fever, torticollis, and indiscriminate left upper back tenderness. Bartonella henselae serologies are important to consider because such atypical complications often are responsive to conservative management with antibiotics...
October 31, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
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