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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166426/rhinology-future-debates-an-euforea-report
#1
W J Fokkens, C Bachert, M Bernal-Sprekelsen, J Bousquet, M Djandji, A Dorenbaum, D Hakimi-Mehr, S Hendry, C Hopkins, A Leunig, L Mannent, D Mucha, M Onerci, B Pugin, S Toppila-Salmi, P Rowe, S F Seys, S Stimson, A Strzembosz, P W Hellings
The first Rhinology Future Debates was held in Brussels in December 2016, organized by EUFOREA (European Forum for Research and Education in Allergy and Airways diseases). The purpose of these debates is to bring novel developments in the field of Rhinology to the attention of the medical, paramedical and patient community, in a highly credible and balanced context. For the first time in Rhinology, a peer to peer scientific exchange with key experts in the field of rhinology and key medical colleagues from leading industries let to a brainstorming and discussion event on a number of hot issues in Rhinology...
November 22, 2017: Rhinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166397/extreme-exploitation-in-southeast-asia-waters-challenges-in-progressing-towards-universal-health-coverage-for-migrant-workers
#2
Rapeepong Suphanchaimat, Nareerut Pudpong, Viroj Tangcharoensathien
Rapeepong Suphanchaimat and colleagues present the plight of migrant workers in the fishing industry in Southeast Asia and discuss challenges in providing for their health and safety.
November 2017: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166266/application-of-loop-mediated-isothermal-amplification-lamp-assays-for-the-detection-of-bovine-herpesvirus-1
#3
W Socha, J Rola, R Urban-Chmiel, J F Żmudziński
Bovine herpesvirus-1 (BoHV-1), a causative agent of Infectious Bovine Rhinotracheitis (IBR), is responsible for high economic losses in cattle farming industry. The use of testing methods that allow early detection of BoHV-1-infected animals is a key element of each program of IBR eradication. The aim of the study was to design and evaluate two variants of LAMP isothermal tests with SYBR Green fluorescence probes, specific to the genes encoding gD and gE glycoproteins of BoHV-1. LAMP gE BoHV-1 assay was able to distinguish between gE- and gE+ strains of the virus...
September 26, 2017: Polish Journal of Veterinary Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165999/crystal-growth-with-macromolecular-additives
#4
Alexander G Shtukenberg, Michael D Ward, Bart Kahr
Interactions of macromolecules with growing crystalline surfaces play an important role in biomineralization, determine survival of some organisms at low temperatures, and offer a range of potential industrial applications. The current understanding of crystal growth processes in the presence of macromolecules, including peptides and proteins, is reviewed, with a focus on interactions between macromolecules and surfaces of crystalline materials, macromolecule adsorption on different types of crystal surfaces, crystallization kinetics in the presence of macromolecular additives, macromolecule incorporation, and defect generation...
November 22, 2017: Chemical Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165921/impact-of-flue-gas-compounds-on-microalgae-and-mechanisms-for-carbon-assimilation-and-utilization-a-review
#5
Arun Krishna Vuppaladadiyam, Joseph G Yao, Nicholas Florin, Anthe George, Xiaoxiong Wang, Leen Labeeuw, Yuelu Jiang, Ryan W Davis, Ali Abbas, Peter Ralph, Paul S Fennell, Ming Zhao
In order to shift the world to a more sustainable future, it is necessary to phase out the use of fossil fuels and focus on the development of low-carbon alternatives. However, this transition is slow so there still exists a large dependence on fossil-derived power and therefore CO2 release. Owing to the potential for assimilating and utilizing CO2 to generate carbon neutral products such as biodiesel, the application of microalgae technology to capture CO2 from flue gases has gained significant attention over the past decade...
November 22, 2017: ChemSusChem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165844/oral-microbiomes-from-hunter-gatherers-and-traditional-farmers-reveal-shifts-in-commensal-balance-and-pathogen-load-linked-to-diet
#6
Florent Lassalle, Matteo Spagnoletti, Matteo Fumagalli, Liam Shaw, Mark Dyble, Catherine Walker, Mark G Thomas, Andrea Bamberg Migliano, Francois Balloux
Maladaptation to modern diets has been implicated in several chronic disorders. Given the higher prevalence of disease such as dental caries and chronic gum diseases in industrialized societies, we sought to investigate the impact of different subsistence strategies on oral health and physiology, as documented by the oral microbiome. To control for confounding variables such as environment and host genetics, we sampled saliva from three pairs of populations of hunter-gatherers and traditional farmers living in close proximity in the Philippines...
November 22, 2017: Molecular Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165809/medical-industry-at-tumor-board-three-years-analysis-of-the-open-payments-database-and-comparison-of-oncologic-specialties
#7
Amanjit S Baadh, Mikin Patel, Ketan Patel, Osman Ahmed
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: To analyze and contrast medical industry payments across U.S. oncologic providers, including hematology-oncology (HO), surgical oncology (SO), interventional radiology (IR), and radiation oncology (RO). METHODS: Open-payment-data for each provider including provider specialty, state of practice, industry payor, reason for payment, and amount was compiled for each transaction between 2013 and 2015. Total, mean, and median payment amounts per-provider were calculated for each specialty...
November 22, 2017: Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165783/after-action-review-of-the-2009-10-h1n1-influenza-outbreak-response-ohio-s-public-health-system-s-performance
#8
William A Mase, Beth Bickford, Casey L Thomas, Shamika D Jones, Michael Bisesi
OBJECTIVE: In early 2009, H1N1 influenza was identified within the human population. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) officials responded with focused assessment, policy development, and assurances. The response was mobilized through efforts including procurement of adequate vaccine supply, local area span of control, materials acquisition, and facilities and resource identification. METHODS: Qualitative evaluation of the assurance functions specific to the system's ability to assure safe and healthy conditions are reported...
September 2017: Journal of Emergency Management: JEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165700/epigenetic-therapy-novel-translational-implications-for-arrest-of-environmental-dioxin-induced-disease-in-females
#9
Zaraq Khan, Ye Zheng, Tiffanny L Jones, Abigail A Delaney, Luiz F Correa, Chandra C Shenoy, Khashayarsha Khazaie, Gaurang S Daftary
Increased toxicant exposure and resultant environmentally-induced diseases are a tradeoff of industrial productivity. Dioxin (TCDD: 2,3,7,8 tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin), a ubiquitous by-product is associated with a spectrum of diseases including endometriosis, a common, chronic disease in women. TCDD activates cytochrome p450 (CYP) metabolic enzymes, which alters organ function to cause disease. In contrast, the transcription factor, Krüppel-Like Factor (KLF) 11 represses these enzymes via epigenetic mechanisms...
November 17, 2017: Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165683/systematic-review-occupational-illness-in-the-waste-and-recycling-sector
#10
C J M Poole, S Basu
Background: The waste and recycling sector is a growing part of industry. Whether health surveillance is indicated and how it should be undertaken is unclear. Aims: To undertake a review of the literature to identify hazards to health, biological effects and occupational illnesses for workers in the sector. Methods: A systematic review of the published literature and two UK databases. Results: Rates of fatal, non-fatal injuries and self-reported work-related illness were found to be higher in the waste and recycling sector than in UK industry as a whole...
November 20, 2017: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165601/associations-between-perceived-leadership-and-presenteeism-in-an-industrial-population
#11
Kimmo J Vänni, Subas Neupane, Clas-Håkan Nygård
Background: Presenteeism has received increasing attention in occupational health research but the evidence for its association with perceived leadership is scant. Aims: To assess the association of perceived leadership and presenteeism among industrial workers. Methods: Survey responses from employees on perceived leadership were linked to the personnel register of a food industry company. The Presenteeism Scale method was used to determine the presenteeism percentage...
November 19, 2017: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165586/extent-of-physician-pharmaceutical-industry-interactions-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-a-systematic-review
#12
Racha Fadlallah, Lina Alkhaled, Hneine Brax, Mayse Nasser, Mhd Hashem Rajabbik, Hala Nass, Lara A Kahale, Elie A Akl
Background: Pharmaceutical companies spend large amounts of money promoting their products to physicians. There is evidence that physicians' interactions with pharmaceutical companies negatively affect their prescribing patterns. The objective of this study was to systematically review the extent of the relationship between physicians and pharmaceutical companies in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). Methods: Studies assessing the extent of any type of interaction between practicing physicians and pharmaceutical companies were eligible...
November 20, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165553/solvent-transfer-efficiency-of-risk-management-measures
#13
Katharina Bluemlein, Manfred Elend, Tim Meijster, Alison Margary, Rosalie Tibaldi, Stefan Hahn, Susanne Hesse
A series of laboratory simulations were conducted in order to determine the airborne protection that might be afforded by different combinations of workplace exposure controls typically encountered when handling volatile solvents (e.g. solvent transfer). These conditions, referred to as risk management measures (RMMs) under the Registration, Evaluation and Authorisation of Chemicals Regulation (REACH), are typically described using standard phrases in safety data sheets [and specifically those of the European Phrase Catalogue (EUPhraC)]...
November 19, 2017: Annals of Work Exposures and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165457/the-chemical-composition-nutritional-value-and-antimicrobial-properties-of-abelmoschus-esculentus-seeds
#14
Spyridon Petropoulos, Ângela Fernandes, Lillian Barros, Ana Ciric, Marina Sokovic, Isabel C F R Ferreira
Okra is a vegetable crop usually used for its immature pods. The harvest stage (fruit size) depends on consumers' preferences and the fruit that does not meet market requirements is being disposed of. Considering the short time interval from the setting of the fruit to the harvest stage, the present study evaluates the nutritional value, chemical composition, and antioxidant and antimicrobial properties of okra seeds from genotypes cultivated under Mediterranean conditions, as an alternative end-use product...
November 22, 2017: Food & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165399/greenhouse-gas-emissions-energy-consumption-and-economic-growth-a-panel-cointegration-analysis-for-16-asian-countries
#15
Wen-Cheng Lu
This research investigates the co-movement and causality relationships between greenhouse gas emissions, energy consumption and economic growth for 16 Asian countries over the period 1990-2012. The empirical findings suggest that in the long run, bidirectional Granger causality between energy consumption, GDP and greenhouse gas emissions and between GDP, greenhouse gas emissions and energy consumption is established. A non-linear, quadratic relationship is revealed between greenhouse gas emissions, energy consumption and economic growth, consistent with the environmental Kuznets curve for these 16 Asian countries and a subsample of the Asian new industrial economy...
November 22, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165392/the-tale-of-asbestos-in-sweden-1972-1986-the-pathway-to-a-near-total-ban
#16
Peter Westerholm, Bertil Remaéus, Magnus Svartengren
This paper provides a narrative of the national intervention strategy in Sweden aimed to restrict the industrial use of asbestos. For many years, asbestos was imported for widespread industrial use, resulting in large amounts throughout Swedish society. In 1972, the whistle was blown in a Communist Party parliamentary motion describing asbestos as a health hazard and requesting action to prohibit its use. Although the motion was rejected, it initiated the extensive charting of asbestos sources on a tripartite basis, involving government agencies, and employer and trade-union organizations...
November 22, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165351/an-optical-interferometric-triaxial-displacement-sensor-for-structural-health-monitoring-characterization-of-sliding-and-debonding-for-a-delamination-process
#17
Chen Zhu, Yizheng Chen, Yiyang Zhuang, Yang Du, Rex E Gerald, Yan Tang, Jie Huang
This paper presents an extrinsic Fabry-Perot interferometer-based optical fiber sensor (EFPI) for measuring three-dimensional (3D) displacements, including interfacial sliding and debonding during delamination. The idea employs three spatially arranged EFPIs as the sensing elements. In our sensor, the three EFPIs are formed by three endfaces of three optical fibers and their corresponding inclined mirrors. Two coincident roof-like metallic structures are used to support the three fibers and the three mirrors, respectively...
November 22, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165347/a-collaboration-oriented-m2m-messaging-mechanism-for-the-collaborative-automation-between-machines-in-future-industrial-networks
#18
Zhaozong Meng, Zhipeng Wu, John Gray
Machine-to-machine (M2M) communication is a key enabling technology for industrial internet of things (IIoT)-empowered industrial networks, where machines communicate with one another for collaborative automation and intelligent optimisation. This new industrial computing paradigm features high-quality connectivity, ubiquitous messaging, and interoperable interactions between machines. However, manufacturing IIoT applications have specificities that distinguish them from many other internet of things (IoT) scenarios in machine communications...
November 22, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165338/action-of-monomeric-gemini-surfactants-on-free-cells-and-biofilm-of-asaia-lannensis
#19
Anna Koziróg, Dorota Kręgiel, Bogumił Brycki
We investigated the biological activity of surfactants based on quaternary ammonium compounds: gemini surfactant hexamethylene-1,6-bis-(N,N-dimethyl-N-dodecylammonium bromide) (C6), synthesized by the reaction of N,N-dimethyl-N-dodecylamine with 1,6-dibromohexane, and its monomeric analogue dodecyltrimethylammonium bromide (DTAB). The experiments were performed with bacteria Asaia lannensis, a common spoilage in the beverage industry. The minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC) values were determined using the tube standard two-fold dilution method...
November 22, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165321/interfacial-rheology-of-model-particles-at-liquid-interfaces-and-its-relation-to-bicontinuous-pickering-emulsions
#20
Job H J Thijssen, Jan Vermant
Interface-dominated materials are commonly encountered in both science and technology, and typical examples include foams and emulsions. Conventionally stabilised by surfactants, emulsions can also be stabilised by micron-sized particles. These so-called Pickering-Ramsden (PR) emulsions have received substantial interest, as they are model arrested systems, rather ubiquitous in industry and promising templates for advanced materials. The mechanical properties of the particle-laden liquid-liquid interface, probed via interfacial rheology, have been shown to play an important role in the formation and stability of PR emulsions...
November 22, 2017: Journal of Physics. Condensed Matter: An Institute of Physics Journal
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