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#1
Manisha Gandhi, Nathan S Fox
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937527/relationship-between-obstructive-sleep-apnea-and-the-presence-and-severity-of-diabetic-retinopathy
#2
Aimee C Chang, Timothy P Fox, Shutao Wang, Albert Y Wu
PURPOSE: To evaluate the relationship between obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and the presence and severity of diabetic retinopathy (DR). METHODS: Three hundred seventeen patients with International Classification of Diseases diagnoses of both DR and OSA were evaluated retrospectively. Diabetic retinopathy severity and diabetic macular edema status were determined by diagnostic coding and medical records. Obstructive sleep apnea severity and additional sleep measures were obtained from overnight polysomnography...
September 20, 2017: Retina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936126/attention-to-threat-as-a-predictor-of-shyness-in-the-context-of-internalizing-and-externalizing-problems
#3
Alexandra C Hummel, Julie E Premo, Elizabeth J Kiel
The duration of children's attention to putative threat has been documented as a consistent predictor of later anxiety in inhibited children across childhood (Fox, 2010; Perez-Edgar & Fox, 2005). However, attention to threat has not been broadly examined within existing behavioral contexts, and has seldom been studied in very early childhood. Whereas toddlers with high levels of internalizing behavior may view fear-inducing stimuli as a threat, toddlers with high levels of externalizing behavior may demonstrate attention out of interest or sensation seeking...
March 2017: Infancy: the Official Journal of the International Society on Infant Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935991/performance-of-the-myelofibrosis-secondary-to-pv-and-et-prognostic-model-mysec-pm-in-a-series-of-262-patients-from-the-spanish-registry-of-myelofibrosis
#4
J-C Hernández-Boluda, A Pereira, J-G Correa, A Alvarez-Larrán, F Ferrer-Marín, J-M Raya, J Martínez-López, M Pérez-Encinas, N Estrada, P Velez, M-L Fox, V García-Gutiérrez, A Payer, A Kerguelen, B Cuevas, M-A Durán, M-J Ramírez, M-T Gómez-Casares, M-I Mata-Vázquez, E Mora, C Martínez-Valverde, M Gómez, F Cervantes
Leukemia accepted article preview online, 22 September 2017. doi:10.1038/leu.2017.297.
September 22, 2017: Leukemia: Official Journal of the Leukemia Society of America, Leukemia Research Fund, U.K
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935804/the-growth-pattern-of-neandertals-reconstructed-from-a-juvenile-skeleton-from-el-sidr%C3%A3-n-spain
#5
Antonio Rosas, Luis Ríos, Almudena Estalrrich, Helen Liversidge, Antonio García-Tabernero, Rosa Huguet, Hugo Cardoso, Markus Bastir, Carles Lalueza-Fox, Marco de la Rasilla, Christopher Dean
Ontogenetic studies help us understand the processes of evolutionary change. Previous studies on Neandertals have focused mainly on dental development and inferred an accelerated pace of general growth. We report on a juvenile partial skeleton (El Sidrón J1) preserving cranio-dental and postcranial remains. We used dental histology to estimate the age at death to be 7.7 years. Maturation of most elements fell within the expected range of modern humans at this age. The exceptions were the atlas and mid-thoracic vertebrae, which remained at the 5- to 6-year stage of development...
September 22, 2017: Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935611/introduction-of-canine-parvovirus-2-into-wildlife-on-the-island-of-newfoundland-canada
#6
Marta Canuti, Bruce Rodrigues, Hugh G Whitney, Andrew S Lang
Canine parvovirus-2 (CPV-2) and feline panleukopenia virus (FPV) (species Carnivore protoparvovirus 1, family Parvoviridae) cause a severe gastrointestinal disease associated with immune depression in a broad range of terrestrial carnivores. We report here the first molecular epidemiological investigation of protoparvoviruses on the Island of Newfoundland, Canada. In particular, we investigated red foxes (Vulpes vulpes deletrix) and lynx (Lynx canadensis subsolanus), two autochthonous species, and coyotes (Canis latrans), which immigrated onto the island during the 1980s...
September 18, 2017: Infection, Genetics and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935402/ixodes-inopinatus-occurring-also-outside-the-mediterranean-region
#7
Lidia Chitimia-Dobler, Ramona Rieß, Olaf Kahl, Silke Wölfel, Gerhard Dobler, Santiago Nava, Agustin Estrada-Peña
We report the presence of Ixodes inopinatus and its sympatric occurrence with Ixodes ricinus in southeastern Germany, western Austria, and Romania. The identification of I. inopinatus was based on morphological and molecular 16S rRNA and 12S rRNA gene features. We also report the finding of Rickettsia monacensis and Rickettsia helvetica in I. inopinatus collected from a fox and a sheep in Romania. Although the vector competence of I. inopinatus for these pathogens remains to be proven, there is evidence of transstadial persistence, an important prerequisite for acting as a vector...
September 9, 2017: Ticks and Tick-borne Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934724/integrating-health-into-local-climate-response-lessons-from-the-u-s-cdc-climate-ready-states-and-cities-initiative
#8
Mary C Sheehan, Mary A Fox, Charlotte Kaye, Beth Resnick
Public health has potential to serve as a frame to convey the urgency of behavior change needed to adapt to a changing climate and reduce greenhouse gas emissions. Local governments form the backbone of climate-related public health preparedness. Yet local health agencies are often inadequately prepared and poorly integrated into climate change assessments and plans. We reviewed the climate health profiles of 16 states and two cities participating in the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)'s Climate-Ready States and Cities Initiative (CRSCI) that aims to build local capacity to assess and respond to the health impacts of climate change...
September 20, 2017: Environmental Health Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933790/is-it-time-to-retire-fragile-x-testing-as-a-first-tier-test-for-developmental-delay-intellectual-disability-and-autism-spectrum-disorder
#9
Sureni V Mullegama, Steven D Klein, Dzung C Nguyen, Arang Kim, Rebecca Signer, Michelle Fox, Naghmeh Dorrani, Andrea Hendershot, Rebecca Mardach, Robert Suddath, Katrina Dipple, Eric Vilain, Derek A Wong, Joshua L Deignan, Stephen D Cederbaum, Wayne W Grody, Julian A Martinez-Agosto
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 21, 2017: Genetics in Medicine: Official Journal of the American College of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932921/primary-synovial-chondromatosis-of-the-subtalar-joint-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#10
J Derek Stensby, Michael G Fox, Michael S Kwon, Francisco J Caycedo, Asal Rahimi
Primary synovial chondromatosis is a rare benign condition of uncertain etiology manifested by synovial proliferation. In the radiology literature, there is only 1 prior case report of primary synovial chondromatosis involving the subtalar joint with only partial description of the imaging appearance. We present a 28-year-old female with primary synovial chondromatosis of the subtalar joint and conduct a literature review of the imaging features of primary synovial chondromatosis presenting in the feet.
September 20, 2017: Skeletal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932434/crystal-structure-of-2-3-diphenyl-2-3-di-hydro-4h-1-3-benzo-thia-zin-4-one-1-oxide
#11
Hemant P Yennawar, Ryan Fox, Quentin J Moyer, Ziwei Yang, Lee J Silverberg
In the racemic title compound, C20H15NO2S, the planes of the two phenyl substituents form dihedral angles of 48.97 (15) and 69.26 (15)° with that of the fused benzene ring of the parent benzo-thia-zine ring, while the heterocyclic thia-zine ring exhibits a screw-boat pucker. The O atom on the S atom of the ring is pseudo-axial on the thia-zine ring and trans to the 2-phenyl group. In the crystal, mol-ecules are arranged in layers in the ac plane, the layers being linked across b through inter-molecular C-H⋯O hydrogen-bonding inter-actions...
July 1, 2017: Acta Crystallographica. Section E, Crystallographic Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931180/long-term-outcomes-of-small-for-gestational-age-twins-born-at-34-weeks-or-later
#12
Nola Herlihy, Elizabeth Odom, Natalie Cohen, Annemarie Stroustrup, Andrei Rebarber, Nathan S Fox
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 20, 2017: American Journal of Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930959/outcomes-after-concomitant-traumatic-brain-injury-and-hemorrhagic-shock-a-secondary-analysis-from-the-pragmatic-randomized-optimal-platelets-and-plasma-ratios-trial
#13
Samuel M Galvagno, Erin E Fox, Savitri N Appana, Sarah Baraniuk, Patrick L Bosarge, Eileen M Bulger, Rachel A Callcut, Bryan A Cotton, Michael Goodman, Kenji Inaba, Terence O'Keeffe, Martin A Schreiber, Charles E Wade, Thomas M Scalea, John B Holcomb, Deborah M Stein
BACKGROUND: Often the clinician is faced with a diagnostic and therapeutic dilemma in patients with concomitant traumatic brain injury (TBI) and hemorrhagic shock (HS), as rapid deterioration from either can be fatal. Knowledge about outcomes after concomitant TBI and HS may help prioritize the emergent management of these patients. We hypothesized that patients with concomitant TBI and HS (TBI + HS) had worse outcomes and required more intensive care compared with patients with only one of these injuries...
October 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930069/initial-elevations-in-glutamate-and-dopamine-neurotransmission-decline-with-age-as-does-exploratory-behavior-in-lrrk2-g2019s-knock-in-mice
#14
Mattia Volta, Dayne A Beccano-Kelly, Sarah A Paschall, Stefano Cataldi, Sarah E MacIsaac, Naila Kuhlmann, Chelsie A Kadgien, Igor Tatarnikov, Jesse Fox, Jaskaran Khinda, Emma Mitchell, Sabrina Bergeron, Heather Melrose, Matthew J Farrer, Austen J Milnerwood
LRRK2 mutations produce end-stage Parkinson's disease (PD) with reduced nigrostriatal dopamine. Conversely, asymptomatic carriers have increased dopamine turnover and altered brain connectivity. LRRK2 pathophysiology remains unclear, but reduced dopamine and mitochondrial abnormalities occur in aged mutant knock-in (GKI) mice. Conversely, cultured GKI neurons exhibit increased synaptic transmission. We assessed behavior and synaptic glutamate and dopamine function across ages. Young GKI exhibit more vertical exploration, elevated glutamate and dopamine transmission, and aberrant D2-receptor responses...
September 20, 2017: ELife
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927603/optimisation-of-a-novel-glass-alginate-hydrogel-for-the-treatment-of-intracranial-aneurysms
#15
S A Brady, E K Fox, C Lally, O M Clarkin
The current gold standard for aneurysm treatment is endovascular coiling. However, recurrence is observed in over 20% of cases. A novel hydrogel has been developed to treat aneurysms. This hydrogel is composed of a polymeric alginate, a novel ion releasing glass and glucono-delta-lactone. This is an internally setting alginate hydrogel, wherein the setting rate can be controlled by both the glass and the alginate chemistry. The aim of this work is to examine the effect of each component of the hydrogel and optimise the composition of the hydrogel, specifically the alginate molecular weight, M/G ratio and concentration...
November 15, 2017: Carbohydrate Polymers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927171/evolving-quality-standards-for-large-scale-registries-the-garfield-af-experience
#16
Keith A A Fox, Bernard J Gersh, Sory Traore, A John Camm, Gloria Kayani, Anders Krogh, Shweta Shweta, Ajay K Kakkar
Aims: Registries have the potential to capture treatment practices and outcomes in populations beyond the constraints of clinical trial settings. The value of data obtained depend critically upon robust quality standards (including source data verification [SDV] and training); features that are commonly absent from registries. This article outlines the quality standards developed for Global Anticoagulant Registry in the FIELD-Atrial Fibrillation (GARFIELD-AF). Methods and Results: GARFIELD-AF comprises ∼57 000 patients prospectively recruited over 6...
April 1, 2017: European Heart Journal. Quality of Care & Clinical Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926972/juvenile-moyamoya-and-craniosynostosis-in-a-child-with-deletion-1p32p31-expanding-the-clinical-spectrum-of-1p32p31-deletion-syndrome-and-a-review-of-the-literature
#17
Paolo Prontera, Daniela Rogaia, Amedea Mencarelli, Valentina Ottaviani, Ester Sallicandro, Giorgio Guercini, Susanna Esposito, Anna Bersano, Giuseppe Merla, Gabriela Stangoni
Moyamoya angiopathy (MA) is a rare cerebrovascular disorder characterised by the progressive occlusion of the internal carotid artery. Its aetiology is uncertain, but a genetic background seems likely, given the high MA familial rate. To investigate the aetiology of craniosynostosis and juvenile moyamoya in a 14-year-old male patient, we performed an array-comparative genomic hybridisation revealing a de novo interstitial deletion of 8.5 Mb in chromosome region 1p32p31. The deletion involved 34 protein coding genes, including NF1A, whose haploinsufficiency is indicated as being mainly responsible for the 1p32-p31 chromosome deletion syndrome phenotype (OMIM 613735)...
September 17, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926365/primary-cutaneous-diffuse-large-b-cell-lymphoma-leg-type-with-spontaneous-regression-after-biopsy
#18
Gabriel Marrero-Alemán, Társila Montenegro-Dámaso, Yeray Peñate
Primary cutaneous diffuse large B-cell lymphoma, leg type (PCDLBCL-LT) represents approximately 20% of cutaneous B lymphomas with an intermediate prognosis. Spontaneous regression is uncommon; there are only 2 published cases. An 83-year-old woman presented 2 orange erythematous nodules on the back of her right leg with an elastic consistency, infiltrated, painful to the touch, and of an 8-month evolution. A histological examination revealed a dense cellular dermo-hypodermic infiltrate sparing the papillary dermis, composed of large cells with immunoblast and centroblast morphology and frequent mitosis...
October 2017: American Journal of Dermatopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920804/trichinella-infections-in-red-foxes-vulpes-vulpes-and-golden-jackals-canis-aureus-in-six-districts-of-serbia
#19
Marko Dmitric, Dejan Vidanovic, Nikola Vaskovic, Kazimir Matovic, Milanko Sekler, Zoran Debeljak, Nedjeljko Karabasil
Wild animals, including red foxes (Vulpes vulpes) and golden jackals (Canis aureus), are the most important reservoirs of Trichinella spp. Although the red fox is considered one of the main reservoirs of Trichinella spp. in Europe, only a few animals have been examined in Serbia. The present study assessed Trichinella spp. infection in red foxes and golden jackals from the six districts in Serbia. Thirty-seven carcasses of red foxes and 13 carcasses of golden jackals shot during the official hunting season were examined...
September 2017: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine: Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920171/an-investigation-of-the-host-specificity-of-metacercariae-of-species-of-apophallus-digenea-heterophyidae-in-freshwater-fishes-using-morphological-experimental-and-molecular-methods
#20
Diána Sándor, Kálmán Molnár, David I Gibson, Csaba Székely, Gábor Majoros, Gábor Cech
Metacercariae of species of the genus Apophallus Lühe, 1909, infecting the fins and skin of freshwater fishes, frequently cause black spot disease. Two species, Apophallus muehlingi (Jägerskiöld, 1899) and A. donicus (Skrjabin & Lindtrop, 1919), are known to occur in Hungarian fishes. It has generally been thought that metacercariae of A. muehlingi infect cyprinid fishes, whereas those of A. donicus develop in percids. As part of a morphological, experimental and molecular study, metacercariae were collected from 99 infected specimens of five cyprinid hosts (Abramis brama, Blicca bjoerkna, Chondrostoma nasus, Squalius cephalus, Scardinius erythrophthalmus) and 18 infected specimens of two percid hosts (Gymnocephalus cernua, Perca fluviatilis) in Hungarian natural waters (Lake Balaton, River Danube)...
September 17, 2017: Parasitology Research
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