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fruits and vegetable

Hsien-Kuo Chin, Chi-Ting Horng, Yi-Shan Liu, Chi-Cheng Lu, Chen-Ying Su, Pei-Syuan Chen, Hong-Yi Chiu, Fuu-Jen Tsai, Po-Chuen Shieh, Jai-Sing Yang
Anti-angiogenesis is one of the most general clinical obstacles in cancer chemotherapy. Kaempferol is a flavonoid phytochemical found in many fruits and vegetables. Our previous study revealed that kaempferol triggered apoptosis in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) by ROS‑mediated p53/ATM/death receptor signaling. However, the anti‑angiogenic potential of kaempferol remains unclear and its underlying mechanism warranted further exploration in VEGF‑stimulated HUVECs. In the present study, kaempferol significantly reduced VEGF‑stimulated HUVEC viability...
May 2018: Oncology Reports
Danielle Cristina Guimarães da Silva, Kelly Aparecida da Cunha, Wellington Segheto, Vanessa Guimarães Reis, France Araújo Coelho, Sílvia Helena O Morais, Milene Cristine Pessoa, Giana Zarbato Longo
INTRODUCTION: The identification of risk or protective behavioral patterns associated with abdominal adiposity may aid in prevention and health promotion measures. OBJECTIVE: To identify and to associate behavioral patterns of risk and protection to abdominal adiposity in adults in a Brazilian city. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A population-based cross-sectional study was carried out in Viçosa, Brazil, with 1,226 adults of both sexes. Information on social-demographic characteristics, food intake, level of physical activity, alcohol consumption and smoking were collected by using a questionnaire...
February 13, 2018: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
Youngyo Kim, Youjin Je
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Findings from studies in Western countries showed that Mediterranean diet is inversely associated with metabolic syndrome, but little is known about this association in Asian countries. To evaluate the association between Mediterranean diet and metabolic syndrome in Korean population, this study was conducted. SUBJECTS/METHODS: A total of 8387 adults 19-64 years of age from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2012-2015 were assessed...
March 21, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Dong-Ju Park, Fawad-Ali Shah, Phil-Ok Koh
Cerebral ischemia is a neurological disorder with high mortality. Quercetin is a flavonoid compound that is abundant in vegetables and fruits. It exerts anti-inflammatory and anti-apoptotic effects. This study investigated the neuroprotective effects of quercetin in focal cerebral ischemia. Male Sprague-Dawley rats were subjected to middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) to induce focal cerebral ischemia. Quercetin or vehicle was injected 30 min before the onset of ischemia. A neurological function test, brain edema measurement, and 2,3,5-triphenyltetrazolium chloride staining were performed to elucidate the neuroprotective effects of quercetin...
March 22, 2018: Journal of Veterinary Medical Science
J S Litt, K Alaimo, M Buchenau, A Villalobos, D H Glueck, T Crume, L Fahnestock, R F Hamman, J R Hebert, T G Hurley, J Leiferman, K Li
BACKGROUND: Engaging in health-promoting behaviors (e.g., healthy fruit- and vegetable-rich diet, physical activity) and living in supportive social and built environments are consistently and significantly associated with reductions in cancer, heart disease, diabetes, and other chronic diseases. Interventions to change diet and physical activity behaviors should aim to educate individuals, change the environments in which people live, work and recreate, improve access, availability, and affordability of healthy foods, and create safe places the facilitate active lifestyles...
March 18, 2018: Contemporary Clinical Trials
Julie A Pasco, Kara L Holloway, Amanda L Stuart, Lana J Williams, Sharon L Brennan-Olsen, Michael Berk
OBJECTIVES: Pretirees are a demographic interposed between the latter stages of working life and old age. We aimed to characterise subjective wellbeing and lifestyle behaviours for individuals aged in their late-fifties and sixties. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study of 233 men and 229 women aged 55-69 yr from the Geelong Osteoporosis Study. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Subjective wellbeing assessed using the World Health Organization Quality of Life questionnaire (WHOQOL-BREF, Australia)...
April 2018: Maturitas
Celeste Schultz, Janet Thorlton
Consumption of fresh fruits and vegetables helps to reduce childhood obesity and improves academic achievement and attendance. However, providing fresh fruits and vegetables is challenging for some schools due to cost, administrative burden, and concern for food waste. To address these challenges, the Fruit and Vegetable Access for Children Act proposes to allow federally funded programs to substitute fresh fruits and vegetables with canned, frozen, or pureed versions. In this policy analysis, we propose options for providing fresh fruits and vegetables to children enrolled in the National School Lunch Program...
January 1, 2018: Journal of School Nursing: the Official Publication of the National Association of School Nurses
Ahmed Hassoon, Erin D Michos, Edgar R Miller, Zeni Crisp, Lawrence J Appel
The "Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension" (DASH) diet, rich in fiber and low-fat dairy, effectively lowers blood pressure. DASH's effect on calcitriol and other markers of bone-mineral metabolism is unknown. This secondary analysis of the DASH trial aimed to determine the effect of dietary patterns on blood concentrations of calcitriol, parathyroid hormone (PTH), ionized calcium, and urinary excretion of calcium and phosphorus. Outcomes were available in 334 participants in the trial. After a 3-week run-in on the control diet, participants were randomized to control, fruits and vegetables (F&V), or DASH diets...
March 17, 2018: Nutrients
E J Ndebia, A M Sammon, E Umapathy, J E Iputo
Reflux in this region of South Africa is known to be more frequent and less acidic than in other countries. We investigated the relationship between reflux and diet. We recruited 57 healthy participants. We carried out ambulant oesophageal pH-impedance monitoring for 24 hours. We used software and visual review to analyse data and to identify episodes of reflux and rapid alkaline rises in the stomach. A usual pattern diet questionnaire provided data on frequency of consumption of common foods. Associations between reflux, gastric pH and dietary components were sought using analysis of variance, and regression analyses...
July 2017: Acta Gastro-enterologica Belgica
Digvijayini Bundhun, Sillma Rampadarath, Daneshwar Puchooa, Rajesh Jeewon
The purpose of the study was to explore the dietary intake, fruit, vegetable and energy intake and lifestyle behaviors among Mauritian children. A validated questionnaire was used, assessing dietary intake, mean energy intake, mean body mass index (BMI), lifestyle behaviors as well as nutritional knowledge (NK) among males and females. 336 children aged 6-12 years (165 males and 171 females) from 8 public primary schools were recruited. Statistical analyses revealed that children consumed less nutritious foods such as fruits, vegetables and whole grains and more of refined and calorie-laden foods, with no significant differences across genders...
February 2018: Heliyon
Leili Shafiei, Parvaneh Taymoori, Afshin Maleki, Kourosh Sayehmiri
Background: The effect of instructional models on the changing behavior of consuming fruit and vegetables in the prevention of diseases caused by consumption of foods including rice, contaminated with toxic metals, has not been investigated in Iran yet. Objective: To compare an Ecological-social model (ECO) group and Control group in increasing fruit and vegetable consumption. Methods: This research involved implementation of a six-month randomized controlled educational interventionist program into a group of Ecological-social framework along with a control group, totally summing up to 160 women between 18 and 50 years of age in Ilam, Iran in 2014...
December 2017: Electronic Physician
Isidore A Diouf, Laurent Derivot, Frédérique Bitton, Laura Pascual, Mathilde Causse
Quality is a key trait in plant breeding, especially for fruit and vegetables. Quality involves several polygenic components, often influenced by environmental conditions with variable levels of genotype × environment interaction that must be considered in breeding strategies aiming to improve quality. In order to assess the impact of water deficit and salinity on tomato fruit quality, we evaluated a multi-parent advanced generation intercross (MAGIC) tomato population in contrasted environmental conditions over 2 years, one year in control vs...
2018: Frontiers in Plant Science
Ulrike Haug, Oliver Riedel, Constanze Cholmakow-Bodechtel, Louise Olsson
BACKGROUND: Persons with a first-degree relative (FDR) with cancer are at increased cancer risk. We investigated preventive behaviour, cancer risk perception and readiness to change an unhealthy lifestyle in persons with and without an FDR with cancer. METHODS: Using an online questionnaire, we conducted a cross-sectional study in Germany including persons (≥35 years) with an FDR with colorectal, lung, prostate, breast, stomach or cervical/uterine cancer (n = 621) and persons without cancer in FDRs (n = 303)...
March 21, 2018: British Journal of Cancer
Dong Tian, Shuai-Jia Mo, Lian-Kui Han, Liang Cheng, Heng Huang, Shuai Hao, Ye-Lan Guan, Kai-Yuan Jiang, Jing-Ya Deng, Hu-Hao Feng, Hong-Ying Wen, Mao-Yong Fu
To compare the differences in dietary status and knowledge of esophageal cancer (EC) between residents of high- and low-incidence areas. We investigated dietary conditions and EC knowledge among residents in high- and low-EC incidence areas (Yanting and Qingzhen counties). Residents in Yanting consumed more pickled vegetables, salted meat and barbecued food (P < 0.05). Analysis of the past ten-year trend in Yanting consumed fresh vegetables/fruits, beans, sauerkraut, hot food, and barbecued food had gradually increased, and the trend was less than that in Qingzhen County...
March 20, 2018: Scientific Reports
Constantine E Gasser, Fiona K Mensah, Susan A Clifford, Jessica A Kerr, Melissa Wake
OBJECTIVE: To determine which parental health behaviours early in childhood most strongly predict whole-of-childhood dietary trajectories. DESIGN: Population-based Longitudinal Study of Australian Children (LSAC, waves 1-6; 2004-2014). Exposures were parents' fruit/vegetable consumption, alcohol, smoking and physical activity at child age 0-1 years (B Cohort) or 4-5 years (K Cohort). Outcomes, from repeated biennial short diet diaries, were group-based trajectories of (i) dietary scores and empirically derived patterns of (ii) healthful and (iii) unhealthful foods consumed, spanning ages 2-3 to 10-11 years (B Cohort) and 4-5 to 14-15 years (K Cohort)...
March 21, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
Indrani Godakanda, Chrishantha Abeysena, Ayesha Lokubalasooriya
OBJECTIVE: To determine the risk of sedentary behavior during leisure time, physical activity and dietary habits on overweight among school children aged 14-15 years in Kalutara District, Sri Lanka. RESULTS: School based case-control study was conducted during September to November 2013 including 176 overweight children as cases and 704 children with normal weight as controls. Cases were defined as body mass index for age and sex of ≥ +1SD and controls as those in the range of -2SD to +1SD...
March 20, 2018: BMC Research Notes
Carlos Lahoz, Elisa Castillo, Jose M Mostaza, Olaya de Dios, Miguel A Salinero-Fort, Teresa González-Alegre, Francisca García-Iglesias, Eva Estirado, Fernando Laguna, Vanesa Sanchez, Concesa Sabín, Silvia López, Victor Cornejo, Carmen de Burgos, Carmen Garcés
Background: Adherence to a Mediterranean diet seems to be inversely associated with C-reactive protein (CRP) concentration. A 14-point Mediterranean Diet Adherence Screener (MEDAS) has been developed to assess dietary compliance. Objective: The aim of this study was to assess whether each of the MEDAS questions as well as their final score were associated with the levels of CRP in general Spanish population. METHODS: Cross-sectional analysis of 1411 subjects (mean age 61 years, 43.0% males) randomly selected from the general population...
March 20, 2018: Nutrients
J K Dubey, S K Patyal, Ajay Sharma
In the present day scenario of increasing awareness and concern about the pesticides, it is very important to ensure the quality of data being generated in pesticide residue analysis. To impart confidence in the products, terms like quality assurance and quality control are used as an integral part of quality management. In order to ensure better quality of results in pesticide residue analysis, validation of analytical methods to be used is extremely important. Keeping in view the importance of validation of method, the validation of QuEChERS (quick, easy, cheap, effective, rugged, and safe) a multiresidue method for extraction of 13 organochlorines and seven synthetic pyrethroids in fruits and vegetables followed by GC ECD for quantification was done so as to use this method for analysis of samples received in the laboratory...
March 19, 2018: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
Lauren E Au, Klara Gurzo, Wendi Gosliner, Karen L Webb, Patricia B Crawford, Lorrene D Ritchie
BACKGROUND: Research on the association between school meal consumption and overall dietary intake post-Healthy Hunger-Free Kids Act implementation is limited. OBJECTIVE: This study examines the association between frequency of participating in the National School Lunch and School Breakfast Programs and children's dietary intakes. DESIGN: The Healthy Communities Study was a cross-sectional observational study conducted between 2013 and 2015...
March 16, 2018: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
Ane Storch Jakobsen, Helene Speyer, Hans Christian Brix Nørgaard, Mette Karlsen, Carsten Hjorthøj, Jesper Krogh, Ole Mors, Merete Nordentoft, Ulla Toft
OBJECTIVES: People with severe mental disorders die 10-25years earlier than people in the Western background population, mainly due to lifestyle related diseases, with cardiovascular disease (CVD) being the most frequent cause of death. Major contributors to this excess morbidity and mortality are unhealthy lifestyle factors including tobacco smoking, unhealthy eating habits and lower levels of physical activity. The aim of this study was to investigate the dietary habits and levels of physical activity in people with schizophrenia spectrum disorders and overweight and to compare the results with the current recommendations and with results from the general Danish population...
March 16, 2018: Schizophrenia Research
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