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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168958/relationships-between-physical-activity-food-choices-gender-and-bmi-in-southern-californian-teenagers
#1
Jaclyn B Gaylis, Susan S Levy, Shiloah Kviatkovsky, Rebecca DeHamer, Mee Young Hong
Given the increased prevalence of pediatric obesity and risk of developing chronic disease, there has been great interest in preventing these conditions during childhood by focusing on healthy lifestyle habits, including nutritious eating and physical activity (PA). The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between PA, body mass index (BMI) and food choices in adolescent males and females. This cross-sectional study, using a survey questionnaire, evaluated 1212 Southern Californian adolescents' self-reported PA, BMI and food frequency...
November 23, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168887/implications-of-who-guideline-on-sugars-for-dental-health-professionals
#2
REVIEW
Paula Moynihan, Yuka Makino, Poul Erik Petersen, Hiroshi Ogawa
The burden of oral disease is high in populations across the world. This is because of high consumption of free sugars. The WHO Guideline on Sugars Intake for Adults and Children recommended limiting free sugars to no more than 5% energy intake to protect oral health throughout the life-course. The objectives of this paper are to consider the implications of the Guideline for dental health practice and to advocate use of the common risk factor approach when providing dietary advice. As part of a broad range of actions needed to reduce free sugars intake, improved education for dental health professionals and supporting patients to eat less free sugars are key actions for the dental profession...
November 23, 2017: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29167060/aging-process-adherence-to-mediterranean-diet-and-nutritional-status-in-a-large-cohort-of-nonagenarians-effects-on-endothelial-progenitor-cells
#3
F Cesari, F Sofi, R Molino Lova, F Vannetti, G Pasquini, F Cecchi, R Marcucci, A M Gori, C Macchi
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Adherence to the Mediterranean Diet (MD) has been associated with a longer and better life. The aim of this study was to examine the effects of adherence to the MD, and of nutritional habits on endothelial progenitor (EPCs) and circulating progenitor (CPCs) cells in a cohort of nonagenarians enrolled within the Mugello Study, an epidemiological study aimed at investigating both clinically relevant geriatric items and various health issues, including those related to nutritional status...
November 20, 2017: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166979/explaining-variations-in-the-diversity-of-parasitoid-assemblages-in-a-biosphere-reserve-of-mexico-evidence-from-vegetation-land-management-and-seasonality
#4
A González-Moreno, S Bordera, J Leirana-Alcocer, H Delfín-González, H S Ballina-Gómez
Insect fauna biodiversity in natural protected areas has not been thoroughly studied. Therefore, the aim of this work was to assess whether and how vegetation types, land management and seasonality influence the diversity of Ichneumonidae (Hymenoptera) in the Ría Lagartos Biosphere Reserve (Mexico). A sampling programme was conducted using Malaise traps from 2008 to 2009 in three vegetation types, each with two conservation zones (core and buffer zones). Three seasons were considered: rainy, dry and north-winds (isolated storms from November to February)...
November 23, 2017: Bulletin of Entomological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166141/adherence-to-the-wcrf-aicr-for-women-in-breast-cancer-adjuvant-treatment-submitted-to-educational-nutritional-intervention
#5
Sheyla de Liz, Francilene Gracieli Kunradi Vieira, Maria Alice Altenburg de Assis, Alyne Lizane Cardoso, Clarice Perucchi Lopes Pazini, Patricia Faria Di Pietro
Patients undergoing breast cancer treatment are susceptible to changes in eating behavior and nutrition status, thus making nutrition education relevant. Based on the World Cancer Research Fund/American Institute for Cancer Research (WCRF/AICR) guide, with recommendations for cancer prevention released in 2007, the present study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of educational nutritional intervention for women with breast cancer undergoing treatment while adhering to the 2007 WCRF/AICR guidelines. A nonrandomized clinical trial was conducted with a population composed of female patients, divided in intervention (IG, n = 18) and comparison (CG, n = 68) groups...
November 22, 2017: Nutrition and Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165457/the-chemical-composition-nutritional-value-and-antimicrobial-properties-of-abelmoschus-esculentus-seeds
#6
Spyridon Petropoulos, Ângela Fernandes, Lillian Barros, Ana Ciric, Marina Sokovic, Isabel C F R Ferreira
Okra is a vegetable crop usually used for its immature pods. The harvest stage (fruit size) depends on consumers' preferences and the fruit that does not meet market requirements is being disposed of. Considering the short time interval from the setting of the fruit to the harvest stage, the present study evaluates the nutritional value, chemical composition, and antioxidant and antimicrobial properties of okra seeds from genotypes cultivated under Mediterranean conditions, as an alternative end-use product...
November 22, 2017: Food & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164940/applying-ecological-frameworks-in-obesity-intervention-studies-in-hispanic-latino-youth-a-systematic-review
#7
Carmen Kiraly, Melanie T Turk, Melissa A Kalarchian, Cheryl Shaffer
INTRODUCTION: In the United States, Hispanic children have higher rates of obesity compared with non-Hispanic White children. An ecological framework provides a holistic view of the environment to which Hispanic/Latino children are exposed that can potentially inform prevention and treatment initiatives for this vulnerable population. METHOD: This systematic review examines the existing evidence on the use of an ecological framework in intervention studies targeting overweight and obesity in Hispanic youth from birth to 8 years...
September 2017: Hispanic Health Care International: the Official Journal of the National Association of Hispanic Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162136/no-long-term-effect-of-a-2-days-intervention-on-how-to-prepare-homemade-food-on-toddlers-skepticism-for-new-food-and-intake-of-fruits-and-vegetables-and-sweet-beverages-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#8
C Beinert, S Hernes, M Haugen, N C Øverby
OBJECTIVE: Optimal nutrition from early age reduces the risk of developing non-communicable diseases later in life. The aim of this study was to examine the long-term effect on toddlers' fruit and vegetable intake and sweet beverages, and skepticism for new food, of a 2-days' intervention on how to prepare homemade food for toddlers. RESULTS: The effect of the cooking intervention was evaluated by a randomized, controlled trial where 110 parents of 4-6 months old infants were included...
November 21, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162048/dietary-patterns-gender-and-weight-status-among-middle-aged-and-older-adults-in-taiwan-a-cross-sectional-study
#9
Miriam Adoyo Muga, Patrick Opiyo Owili, Chien-Yeh Hsu, Hsiao-Hsien Rau, Jane C-J Chao
BACKGROUND: Diet has been associated with differences in weight and nutritional status of an individual. The prevalence of overweight and obesity increased among adults in Taiwan. Hence, we examined the relationship between dietary patterns and weight status by gender among middle-aged and older adults in Taiwan. METHODS: The cross-sectional data of 62,965 participants aged ≥40 years were retrieved from the Mei Jau health screening institutions' database collected from 2001 and 2010...
November 21, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161331/combined-effects-of-fruit-and-vegetables-intake-and-physical-activity-on-the-risk-of-metabolic-syndrome-among-chinese-adults
#10
Xin-Tong Li, Wei Liao, Hong-Jie Yu, Ming-Wei Liu, Shuai Yuan, Bo-Wen Tang, Xu-Hao Yang, Yong Song, Yao Huang, Shi-le Cheng, Zhi-Yu Chen, Samuel D Towne, Zong-Fu Mao, Qi-Qiang He
BACKGROUND: Unbalanced dietary intake and insufficient physical activity (PA) have been recognized as risk factors for metabolic syndrome (MetS). We aimed to examine the independent and combined effects of fruit and vegetables (FV) intake and PA on MetS. METHODS AND FINDINGS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted among residents of China in 2009, with fasting blood samples collected. Participants were divided into sufficient/insufficient FV intake and adequate/ inadequate PA groups according to self-reported questionnaires...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161239/the-impact-of-folate-intake-on-the-risk-of-head-and-neck-cancer-in-the-prostate-lung-colorectal-and-ovarian-cancer-screening-trial-plco-cohort
#11
Daisuke Kawakita, Yuan-Chin Amy Lee, Lisa H Gren, Saundra S Buys, Carlo La Vecchia, Mia Hashibe
BACKGROUND: Although low levels of folate leads to disturbances in DNA replication, DNA methylation and DNA repair, the association between dietary folate intake and head and neck cancer (HNC) risk remains unclear. METHODS: We evaluated the association between folate intake and HNC risk using prospective cohort data from the Prostate, Lung, Colorectal, and Ovarian (PLCO) cancer screening trial. This study included 101 700 participants and 186 cases with confirmed incident HNC...
November 21, 2017: British Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161081/diet-obesity-and-asthma
#12
Lisa G Wood
Obesity has reached epidemic proportions in many developed countries as Western dietary patterns have been widely adopted. These diets are characterized by excess energy intake as well as regular consumption of processed or "fast" foods and limited consumption of fruit, vegetables, and whole grains. The result is a high intake of saturated fat, refined carbohydrates, and sodium; and a low intake of fiber, vitamins, and other phytochemicals. This type of poor-quality diet has been associated with increased risk of chronic inflammatory diseases, including asthma...
November 2017: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160902/proportion-and-number-of-cancer-cases-and-deaths-attributable-to-potentially-modifiable-risk-factors-in-the-united-states
#13
Farhad Islami, Ann Goding Sauer, Kimberly D Miller, Rebecca L Siegel, Stacey A Fedewa, Eric J Jacobs, Marjorie L McCullough, Alpa V Patel, Jiemin Ma, Isabelle Soerjomataram, W Dana Flanders, Otis W Brawley, Susan M Gapstur, Ahmedin Jemal
Contemporary information on the fraction of cancers that potentially could be prevented is useful for priority setting in cancer prevention and control. Herein, the authors estimate the proportion and number of invasive cancer cases and deaths, overall (excluding nonmelanoma skin cancers) and for 26 cancer types, in adults aged 30 years and older in the United States in 2014, that were attributable to major, potentially modifiable exposures (cigarette smoking; secondhand smoke; excess body weight; alcohol intake; consumption of red and processed meat; low consumption of fruits/vegetables, dietary fiber, and dietary calcium; physical inactivity; ultraviolet radiation; and 6 cancer-associated infections)...
November 21, 2017: CA: a Cancer Journal for Clinicians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160186/the-impact-of-urban-gardens-on-adequate-and-healthy-food-a-systematic-review
#14
Mariana T Garcia, Silvana M Ribeiro, Ana Claudia Camargo Gonçalves Germani, Cláudia M Bógus
OBJECTIVE: To examine the impacts on food and nutrition-related outcomes resulting from participation in urban gardens, especially on healthy food practices, healthy food access, and healthy food beliefs, knowledge and attitudes. DESIGN: The systematic review identified studies by searching the PubMed, ERIC, LILACS, Web of Science and Embase databases. An assessment of quality and bias risk of the studies was carried out and a narrative summary was produced. SETTING: Studies published as original articles in peer-reviewed scientific journals in English, Spanish or Portuguese between 2005 and 2015 were included...
November 21, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160159/reported-habitual-intake-of-breakfast-and-selected-foods-in-relation-to-overweight-status-among-seven-to-nine-year-old-swedish-children
#15
Bente B Nilsen, Agneta Yngve, Celia Monteagudo, Richard Tellström, Henrik Scander, Bo Werner
AIM: The aim of this study was to examine the reported frequency of breakfast intake and selected food and beverages in the investigated group of Swedish children in comparison with recommended intakes. Furthermore, the study analyses these food habits and some demographic and lifestyle factors in relation to overweight and obesity. METHODS: This cross-sectional study builds on data collected in 2008 and 2010. Measured anthropometric data and parent questionnaire data were collected...
August 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160021/sleep-timing-is-associated-with-diet-and-physical-activity-levels-in-9-11-year-old-children-from-dunedin-new-zealand-the-pedals-study
#16
Harriet A L Harrex, Sheila A Skeaff, Katherine E Black, Brittany K Davison, Jillian J Haszard, Kim Meredith-Jones, Robin Quigg, Pouya Saeedi, Lee Stoner, Jyh E Wong, Paula M L Skidmore
It is well documented that short sleep duration is associated with excess body weight and poor food intake in children. It has been suggested that sleep timing behaviour may also be an important predictor of weight and other related behaviours, independent of sleep duration; however, there is a lack of research investigating these relationships. The present study investigated sleep timing in association with diet and physical activity levels in 439 children aged 9-11 years old from New Zealand. Sleep and physical activity data were collected using accelerometry, and food choice using a short food-frequency questionnaire...
November 20, 2017: Journal of Sleep Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159181/living-conditions-and-helicobacter-pylori-in-adults
#17
Odete Amaral, Isabel Fernandes, Nélio Veiga, Carlos Pereira, Claudia Chaves, Paula Nelas, Daniel Silva
Introduction: Infection by the bacterium Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) is transmissible and is considered a public health issue which affects people of all ages. The objective of this study was to identify factors (lifestyles, dietary factors, and hygiene conditions) related to the prevalence of H. pylori infection. Methods: We carried out an observational cross-sectional study with a community sample of adults from the municipalities of Viseu and Sátão, Portugal...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159172/examining-the-link-between-biofilm-formation-and-the-ability-of-pathogenic-salmonella-strains-to-colonize-multiple-host-species
#18
REVIEW
Keith D MacKenzie, Melissa B Palmer, Wolfgang L Köster, Aaron P White
Salmonella are important pathogens worldwide and a predominant number of human infections are zoonotic in nature. The ability of strains to form biofilms, which is a multicellular behavior characterized by the aggregation of cells, is predicted to be a conserved strategy for increased persistence and survival. It may also contribute to the increasing number of infections caused by ingestion of contaminated fruits and vegetables. There is a correlation between biofilm formation and the ability of strains to colonize and replicate within the intestines of multiple host species...
2017: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159142/investigation-of-the-binding-mechanism-and-inhibition-of-bovine-liver-catalase-by-quercetin-multi-spectroscopic-and-computational-study
#19
Samaneh Rashtbari, Gholamreza Dehghan, Reza Yekta, Abolghasem Jouyban
Introduction: The study on the side effects of various drugs and compounds on enzymes is a main issue for monitoring the conformational and functional changes of them. Quercetin (3,5,7,3',4'-pentahydroxyflavone, QUE), a polyphenolic flavonoid, widely found in fruits, vegetables and it is used as an ingredient in foods and beverages. The interaction of bovine liver catalase (BLC) with QUE has been studied in this research by using different spectroscopic methods. Methods: In this work, the interaction of QUE with BLC was investigated using different spectroscopic methods including ultraviolet-visible (UV-vis) absorption, circular dichroism (CD) and fluorescence spectroscopy and molecular docking studies...
2017: BioImpacts: BI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158661/policy-system-and-environmental-correlates-of-fruit-and-vegetable-consumption-in-a-low-income-african-american-population-in-the-southeast
#20
Lori Brand Bateman, LaToya J O'Neal, Theolishia Smith, Yufeng Li, Theresa A Wynn, Chen Dai, Mona N Fouad
Objective: The current study seeks to identify policy, system and environmental (PSE) correlates of fruit and vegetable consumption among a sample of low-income African Americans in two counties in Alabama (Jefferson and Mobile) and one county in Mississippi (Forrest). Design: A modified Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFFS) survey, which included multi-level ecological factors, was used to evaluate nutritional habits at the pre-intervention stage of a multi-state research study...
2017: Ethnicity & Disease
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