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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718805/emerging-fusarium-and-alternaria-mycotoxins-occurrence-toxicity-and-toxicokinetics
#1
REVIEW
Sophie Fraeyman, Siska Croubels, Mathias Devreese, Gunther Antonissen
Emerging Fusarium and Alternaria mycotoxins gain more and more interest due to their frequent contamination of food and feed, although in vivo toxicity and toxicokinetic data are limited. Whereas the Fusarium mycotoxins beauvericin, moniliformin and enniatins particularly contaminate grain and grain-based products, Alternaria mycotoxins are also detected in fruits, vegetables and wines. Although contamination levels are usually low (µg/kg range), higher contamination levels of enniatins and tenuazonic acid may occasionally occur...
July 18, 2017: Toxins
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718251/comparison-of-dietary-practices-and-body-mass-index-among-educated-housewives-and-working-women-in-karachi
#2
Lubna Raza, Tahira Mohsin Ali, Abid Hasnain
BACKGROUND: Body Mass Index (BMI) is considered as a major determinant of health. The objective of study was to find out differences between dietary practices, as well as BMI in educated housewives and working woman. It is supposed that both study groups may have difference in work pressures with resultant diverse preferences for food. This can affect health status particularly in relation to obesity in women. Furthermore, we selected participants with 14 years' education expecting basic awareness of healthful diet...
April 2017: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717920/mother-and-adolescent-eating-in-the-context-of-food-insecurity-findings-from-urban-public-housing
#3
Meg Bruening, Joanna Lucio, Stephanie Brennhofer
Introduction Anecdotal evidence suggests that parents protect their children from food insecurity and its effects, but few studies have concurrently assessed food insecurity among youth and parents. The purpose of this study was to examine food insecurity and eating behaviors among an urban sample of mother-adolescent dyads. Methods Mother-adolescent dyads (n = 55) were from six public housing sites in Phoenix, Arizona who completed surveys during 2014. Multivariate mixed linear and logistic regression models assessed the relationship between mother and adolescent eating behaviors in the context of food insecurity...
July 17, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717804/relationship-between-total-fruit-and-vegetable-intake-and-self-reported-knee-pain-in-older-adults
#4
H S Han, C B Chang, D-C Lee, J-Y Lee
OBJECTIVES: Knee pain is one of the most common symptoms of knee osteoarthritis (OA) that affects the quality of life in the older adults, and identifying the contributing factors of knee pain is important. We hypothesized that higher fruit and vegetable consumption might be associated with the severity of knee pain lower prevalence of severe knee pain by affecting pain perception in the knee joint. Therefore, we investigated the relationship between self-reported knee pain and the consumption of fruits vegetables, carotenoids and vitamin C and self-reported knee pain...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715785/prenatal-exposure-estimation-of-bpa-and-dehp-using-integrated-external-and-internal-dosimetry-a-case-study
#5
M A Martínez, J Rovira, R Prasad Sharma, M Nadal, M Schuhmacher, V Kumar
Prenatal exposure to Endocrine disruptors (EDs), such as Bisphenol A (BPA) and di (2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP), has been associated with obesity and diabetes diseases in childhood, as well as reproductive, behavioral and neurodevelopment problems. The aim of this study was to estimate the prenatal exposure to BPA and DEHP through food consumption for pregnant women living in Tarragona County (Spain). Probabilistic calculations of prenatal exposure were estimated by integrated external and internal dosimetry modelling, physiologically based pharmacokinetic (PBPK) model, using a Monte-Carlo simulation...
July 14, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715555/application-of-a-lifestyle-based-tool-to-estimate-premature-cardiovascular-disease-events-in-young-adults-the-coronary-artery-risk-development-in-young-adults-cardia-study
#6
Holly C Gooding, Hongyan Ning, Matthew W Gillman, Christina Shay, Norrina Allen, David C Goff, Donald Lloyd-Jones, Stephanie Chiuve
Importance: Few tools exist for assessing the risk for early atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) events in young adults. Objective: To assess the performance of the Healthy Heart Score (HHS), a lifestyle-based tool that estimates ASCVD events in older adults, for ASCVD events occurring before 55 years of age. Design, Setting, and Participants: This prospective cohort study included 4893 US adults aged 18 to 30 years from the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) study...
July 17, 2017: JAMA Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714911/nutrition-and-allergic-diseases
#7
EDITORIAL
R J J van Neerven, Huub Savelkoul
The development of IgE-mediated allergic diseases is influenced by many factors, including genetic and environmental factors such as pollution and farming, but also by nutrition. In the last decade, substantial progress has been made in our understanding of the impact that nutrition can have on allergic diseases. Many studies have addressed the effect of breastfeeding, pre-, pro- and synbiotics, vitamins and minerals, fiber, fruit and vegetables, cow's milk, and n-3 fatty acids, on the development of allergies...
July 17, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714503/protective-effects-of-fisetin-and-other-berry-flavonoids-in-parkinson-s-disease
#8
REVIEW
Pamela Maher
Parkinson's disease (PD) is an age-associated degenerative disease of the midbrain that results from the loss of dopaminergic neurons in the substantia nigra. It initially presents as a movement disorder with cognitive and other behavioral problems appearing later in the progression of the disease. Current therapies for PD only delay the onset or reduce the motor symptoms. There are no treatments to stop the nerve cell death or to cure the disease. It is becoming increasingly clear that neurological diseases such as PD are multi-factorial involving disruptions in multiple cellular systems...
July 17, 2017: Food & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713406/ultrastructural-and-cytological-studies-on-mycosphaerella-pinodes-infection-of-the-model-legume-medicago-truncatula
#9
Tomoko Suzuki, Aya Maeda, Masaya Hirose, Yuki Ichinose, Tomonori Shiraishi, Kazuhiro Toyoda
Ascochyta (Mycosphaerella) blight on cultivated peas is primarily caused by infection through asexual spores (pycnospores) of Mycosphaerella pinodes (Berk. et Blox.) Vestergren [recently renamed Peyronellaea pinodes (Berk. & A. Bloxam) Aveskamp, Gruyter & Verkley]. Using a model pathosystem involving Medicago truncatula and Mycosphaerella pinodes strain OMP-1, we examined the histology and ultrastructure of early infection events and fungal development including penetration by appressoria, vegetative growth of infection hyphae, and host responses...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713405/vegetable-grafting-as-a-tool-to-improve-drought-resistance-and-water-use-efficiency
#10
REVIEW
Pradeep Kumar, Youssef Rouphael, Mariateresa Cardarelli, Giuseppe Colla
Drought is one of the most prevalent limiting factors causing considerable losses in crop productivity, inflicting economic as well as nutritional insecurity. One of the greatest challenges faced by the scientific community in the next few years is to minimize the yield losses caused by drought. Drought resistance is a complex quantitative trait controlled by many genes. Thus, introgression of drought resistance traits into high yielding genotypes has been a challenge to plant breeders. Vegetable grafting using rootstocks has emerged as a rapid tool in tailoring plants to better adapt to suboptimal growing conditions...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712381/parental-feeding-styles-young-children-s-fruit-vegetable-water-and-sugar-sweetened-beverage-consumption-and-the-moderating-role-of-maternal-education-and-ethnic-background
#11
Maj-Britt Mr Inhulsen, Saskia Ym Mérelle, Carry M Renders
OBJECTIVE: To examine the associations between parental feeding styles and children's dietary intakes and the modifying effect of maternal education and children's ethnicity on these associations. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study of parental feeding styles, assessed by the Parental Feeding Style Questionnaire, and children's dietary intakes. Multiple regression analyses were carried out to assess the associations between the parental feeding styles studied ('control', 'emotional feeding', 'encouragement to eat' and 'instrumental feeding') and children's dietary intakes (consumption of fruit, vegetables, water and sugar-sweetened beverages (SSB))...
July 17, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712112/socioeconomic-differences-in-the-cost-availability-and-quality-of-healthy-food-in-sydney
#12
Belinda Crawford, Roy Byun, Emily Mitchell, Susan Thompson, Bin Jalaludin, Siranda Torvaldsen
OBJECTIVE: To compare the cost of a basket of staple foods, together with the availability and quality of fresh fruit and vegetables, by supermarket store type in high and low socioeconomic suburbs of Sydney. METHODS: A food basket survey was undertaken in 100 supermarkets in the 20 highest and 20 lowest socioeconomic suburbs of Sydney. We assessed the cost of 46 foods, the range of 30 fresh fruit and vegetables and the quality of ten fresh fruit and vegetables...
July 16, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711545/antiulcer-properties-of-fruits-and-vegetables-a-mechanism-based-perspective
#13
REVIEW
Choudhary Harsha, Kishore Banik, Devivasha Bordoloi, Ajaikumar B Kunnumakkara
Gastric ulcer is the damage caused to mucosal layer of the stomach under the action of various factors like high levels of acid and pepsin, invasion by Helicobacter pylori, etc. Although most cases have been controlled and the rate of ulcer occurrence has reduced over the last few decades, gastric ulcer still holds a prime concern today. A range of palliative medicines comprising proton pump inhibitors, H2 receptor antagonists, COX-2 inhibitors (coxibs) is widely in use and patients have also been administered with acid suppression therapies...
July 12, 2017: Food and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711418/intakes-and-sources-of-dietary-sugars-and-their-association-with-metabolic-and-inflammatory-markers
#14
Laura O'Connor, Fumiaki Imamura, Soren Brage, Simon J Griffin, Nicholas J Wareham, Nita G Forouhi
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Associations of dietary sugars with metabolic and inflammatory markers may vary according to the source of the sugars. The aim of this study was to examine the association of dietary sugars from different sources [beverages (liquids), foods (solids), extrinsic (free) or intrinsic (non-free)] with metabolic and inflammatory markers. METHODS: Population-based cross-sectional study of adults in the East of England (n = 9678). Sugar intakes were estimated using food frequency questionnaires...
June 17, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710586/bud-sprouting-and-floral-induction-and-expression-of-ft-in-loquat-eriobotrya-japonica-thunb-lindl
#15
Carmina Reig, Francisco Gil-Muñoz, Francisco Vera-Sirera, Ana García-Lorca, Amparo Martínez-Fuentes, Carlos Mesejo, Miguel A Pérez-Amador, Manuel Agustí
EjFT1 and EjFT2 genes were isolated and sequenced from leaves of loquat. EjFT1 is involved in bud sprouting and leaf development, and EjFT2 in floral bud induction. Loquat [Eriobotrya japonica (Thunb.) Lindl.] is an evergreen species belonging to the family Rosaceae, such as apple and pear, whose reproductive development, in contrast with these species, is a continuous process that is not interrupted by winter dormancy. Thus, the study of the mechanism of flowering in loquat has the potential to uncover the environmental and genetic networks that trigger flowering more accurately, contributing for a better understanding of the Rosaceae floral process...
July 14, 2017: Planta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710147/dietary-guidelines-for-breast-cancer-patients-a-critical-review
#16
REVIEW
Ana Teresa Limon-Miro, Veronica Lopez-Teros, Humberto Astiazaran-Garcia
Current dietary guidelines for breast cancer patients (BCPs) fail to address adequate dietary intakes of macro- and micronutrients that may improve patients' nutritional status. This review includes information from the PubMed and Biomed Central databases over the last 15 y concerning dietary guidelines for BCPs and the potential impact of a personalized, nutrient-specific diet on patients' nutritional status during and after antineoplastic treatment. Results indicated that BCPs should receive a nutritional assessment immediately after diagnosis...
July 2017: Advances in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710145/a-systematic-review-of-the-effects-of-polyols-on-gastrointestinal-health-and-irritable-bowel-syndrome
#17
REVIEW
Adrienne Lenhart, William D Chey
Polyols are sugar alcohols found in certain fruits, vegetables, and sugar-free sweeteners. They make up a component of the diet low in fermentable oligosaccharides, disaccharides, monosaccharides, and polyols, which is gaining popularity in the treatment of patients with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). We conducted a systematic review to evaluate the effects of polyols on the gastrointestinal tract in healthy men and women and in patients with IBS. Utilizing PubMed, Ovid, and Embase databases, we conducted a search on individual polyols and each of these terms: fermentation, absorption, motility, permeability, and gastrointestinal symptoms...
July 2017: Advances in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709630/validity-and-reliability-of-the-brazilian-version-of-the-weight-control-behaviors-scale
#18
Karin Louise Lenz Dunker, Angelica Medeiros Claudino
OBJECTIVE: To develop and validate the weight-control behaviors (WCBs) scale and to evaluate its psychometric properties. STUDY DESIGN: We made use of data from a cluster-randomized trial assessing the effectiveness of the Brazilian New Moves Program. The Brazilian New Moves Program was a multicomponent intervention aimed at preventing weight-related problems among adolescent girls in public schools in São Paulo, Brazil. RESULTS: Healthy and unhealthy WCBs were strongly associated...
July 11, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709514/sleep-timing-is-associated-with-self-reported-dietary-patterns-in-9-to-15-year-olds
#19
Kathryn E Thellman, Julia Dmitrieva, Alison Miller, John R Harsh, Monique K LeBourgeois
OBJECTIVE: To examine sleep timing differences in self-reported dietary patterns of children and adolescents. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. PARTICIPANTS: Students aged 9-15 years (n=119, 11.7±1.3 years, 76% female) attending a summer program for the gifted. The upper and lower quartiles of reported midsleep time (weighted weekday-weekend average) were used to identify early (n=28) and late (n=27) sleep timing groups. METHODS: Sleep patterns were assessed via self-report...
August 2017: Sleep Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708122/role-of-zucchini-and-its-distinctive-components-in-the-modulation-of-degenerative-processes-genotoxicity-anti-genotoxicity-cytotoxicity-and-apoptotic-effects
#20
Damián Martínez-Valdivieso, Rafael Font, Zahira Fernández-Bedmar, Tania Merinas-Amo, Pedro Gómez, Ángeles Alonso-Moraga, Mercedes Del Río-Celestino
Zucchini (Cucurbita pepo subsp. pepo) is a seasonal vegetable with high nutritional and medical values. Many useful properties of this fruit are attributed to bioactive compounds. Zucchini fruits ("Yellow" and "Light Green" varieties) and four distinctive components (lutein, β-carotene, zeaxanthin and dehydroascorbic acid) were selected. Firstly, the lutein, β-carotene, zeaxanthin and dehydroascorbic acid contents were determined in these fruits. Then, in order to evaluate the safety and suitability of their use, different assays were carried out: (i) genotoxicity and anti-genotoxicity tests to determine the safety and DNA-protection against hydrogen peroxide; (ii) cytotoxicity; and (iii) DNA fragmentation and Annexin V/PI (Propidium Iodide) assays to evaluate the pro-apoptotic effect...
July 14, 2017: Nutrients
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