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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088194/testing-a-cognitive-model-to-predict-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-following-childbirth
#1
Lydia King, Kirstie McKenzie-McHarg, Antje Horsch
BACKGROUND: One third of women describes their childbirth as traumatic and between 0.8 and 6.9% goes on to develop posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). The cognitive model of PTSD has been shown to be applicable to a range of trauma samples. However, childbirth is qualitatively different to other trauma types and special consideration needs to be taken when applying it to this population. Previous studies have investigated some cognitive variables in isolation but no study has so far looked at all the key processes described in the cognitive model...
January 14, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087238/lymphocyte-circadian-clocks-control-lymph-node-trafficking-and-adaptive-immune-responses
#2
David Druzd, Olga Matveeva, Louise Ince, Ute Harrison, Wenyan He, Christoph Schmal, Hanspeter Herzel, Anthony H Tsang, Naoto Kawakami, Alexei Leliavski, Olaf Uhl, Ling Yao, Leif Erik Sander, Chien-Sin Chen, Kerstin Kraus, Alba de Juan, Sophia Martina Hergenhan, Marc Ehlers, Berthold Koletzko, Rainer Haas, Werner Solbach, Henrik Oster, Christoph Scheiermann
Lymphocytes circulate through lymph nodes (LN) in search for antigen in what is believed to be a continuous process. Here, we show that lymphocyte migration through lymph nodes and lymph occurred in a non-continuous, circadian manner. Lymphocyte homing to lymph nodes peaked at night onset, with cells leaving the tissue during the day. This resulted in strong oscillations in lymphocyte cellularity in lymph nodes and efferent lymphatic fluid. Using lineage-specific genetic ablation of circadian clock function, we demonstrated this to be dependent on rhythmic expression of promigratory factors on lymphocytes...
January 6, 2017: Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086259/gastrointestinal-disorders-in-joint-hypermobility-syndrome-ehlers-danlos-syndrome-hypermobility-type-a-review-for-the-gastroenterologist
#3
REVIEW
A B Beckers, D Keszthelyi, A Fikree, L Vork, A Masclee, A D Farmer, Q Aziz
BACKGROUND: Joint hypermobility syndrome (JHS)/Ehlers-Danlos syndrome hypermobility type (EDS-HT) is the most common hereditary non-inflammatory disorder of connective tissue, characterized by a wide range of symptoms, mainly joint hyperextensibility and musculoskeletal symptoms. A majority of patients also experiences gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms. Furthermore, JHS/EDS-HT has specifically been shown to be highly prevalent in patients with functional GI disorders, such as functional dyspepsia and irritable bowel syndrome...
January 13, 2017: Neurogastroenterology and Motility: the Official Journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28084959/sudden-death-due-to-aortic-pathology
#4
John Papagiannis
Sudden death from aortic dissection of an ascending aortic aneurysm is an uncommon but important finding in all series of sudden death in young, apparently healthy athletes. Individuals at risk include those having any of a variety of conditions in which structural weakness of the ascending aorta predisposes to pathological dilation under prolonged periods of increased wall stress. These conditions include Marfan syndrome, Loeys-Dietz syndrome, bicuspid aortic valve, and the vascular form of Ehlers-Danlos syndrome...
January 2017: Cardiology in the Young
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077691/establishment-and-baseline-characteristics-of-a-nationwide-danish-cohort-of-patients-with-ehlers-danlos-syndrome
#5
Marie-Louise Kulas Søborg, Julie Leganger, Laura Quitzau Mortensen, Jacob Rosenberg, Jakob Burcharth
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate national prevalence, general demographic characteristics and survival of Danish patients with Ehlers-Danlos syndrome (EDS). METHOD: A population-based cohort study was conducted using a database consisting of the entire Danish population alive at any given time between 1 January 2000 and 31 December 2012, based upon longitudinal Danish national registers. All patients with EDS were identified, and the cohort was described by disease prevalence, basic demographic characteristics, mean age at death and mortality for the observational period of 13 years...
January 11, 2017: Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073822/obstructive-sleep-apnoea-and-quality-of-life-in-ehlers-danlos-syndrome-a-parallel-cohort-study
#6
Thomas Gaisl, Cecilia Giunta, Daniel J Bratton, Kate Sutherland, Christian Schlatzer, Noriane Sievi, Daniel Franzen, Peter A Cistulli, Marianne Rohrbach, Malcolm Kohler
BACKGROUND: Patients with the connective tissue disorder Ehlers-Danlos syndrome (EDS) often suffer from fatigue, excessive daytime sleepiness and impaired quality of life. Obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) may be an underlying cause for these symptoms but its prevalence in this population is unclear. METHODS: In this prospective parallel-cohort study, we included 100 adult patients with EDS (46% hypermobile-type, 35% classical-type and 19% other), which were one-to-one matched to 100 healthy adult controls according to sex, age, weight and height...
January 10, 2017: Thorax
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073787/col6a5-variants-in-familial-neuropathic-chronic-itch
#7
Filippo Martinelli-Boneschi, Marina Colombi, Marco Castori, Grazia Devigili, Roberto Eleopra, Rayaz A Malik, Marco Ritelli, Nicoletta Zoppi, Chiara Dordoni, Melissa Sorosina, Paola Grammatico, Hassan Fadavi, Monique M Gerrits, Rowida Almomani, Catharina G Faber, Ingemar S J Merkies, Daniela Toniolo, Massimiliano Cocca, Claudio Doglioni, Stephen G Waxman, Sulayman D Dib-Hajj, Michela M Taiana, Jenny Sassone, Raffaella Lombardi, Daniele Cazzato, Andrea Zauli, Silvia Santoro, Margherita Marchi, Giuseppe Lauria
Itch is thought to represent the peculiar response to stimuli conveyed by somatosensory pathways shared with pain through the activation of specific neurons and receptors. It can occur in association with dermatological, systemic and neurological diseases, or be the side effect of certain drugs. However, some patients suffer from chronic idiopathic itch that is frequently ascribed to psychological distress and for which no biomarker is available to date. We investigated three multigenerational families, one of which diagnosed with joint hypermobility syndrome/Ehlers-Danlos syndrome hypermobility type (JHS/EDS-HT), characterized by idiopathic chronic itch with predominantly proximal distribution...
January 9, 2017: Brain: a Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060820/proteolytic-origin-of-the-soluble-human-il-6r-in-vivo-and-a-decisive-role-of-n-glycosylation
#8
Steffen Riethmueller, Prasath Somasundaram, Johanna C Ehlers, Chien-Wen Hung, Charlotte M Flynn, Juliane Lokau, Maria Agthe, Stefan Düsterhöft, Yijue Zhu, Joachim Grötzinger, Inken Lorenzen, Tomas Koudelka, Kosuke Yamamoto, Ute Pickhinke, Rielana Wichert, Christoph Becker-Pauly, Marisa Rädisch, Alexander Albrecht, Markus Hessefort, Dominik Stahnke, Carlo Unverzagt, Stefan Rose-John, Andreas Tholey, Christoph Garbers
Signaling of the cytokine interleukin-6 (IL-6) via its soluble IL-6 receptor (sIL-6R) is responsible for the proinflammatory properties of IL-6 and constitutes an attractive therapeutic target, but how the sIL-6R is generated in vivo remains largely unclear. Here, we use liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry to identify an sIL-6R form in human serum that originates from proteolytic cleavage, map its cleavage site between Pro-355 and Val-356, and determine the occupancy of all O- and N-glycosylation sites of the human sIL-6R...
January 2017: PLoS Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060402/8-questions-with-darius-moshfeghi
#9
Justis P Ehlers, Darius M Moshfeghi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2017: Ophthalmic Surgery, Lasers & Imaging Retina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28055519/seroprevalence-of-cytomegalovirus-infection-among-a-rural-population-of-c%C3%A3-te-d-ivoire
#10
Augustin Etile Anoh, Arsène Mossoun, Chantal Akoua-Koffi, Emmanuel Couacy-Hymann, Maude Pauly, Siv-Aina Leendertz, Eliezer Kouakou N'goran, Grit Schubert, Sabrina Weiss, Jörg Hofmann, Fabian H Leendertz, Bernhard Ehlers
Human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) is a betaherpesvirus that can be pathogenic to humans. In particular, immunocompromised patients can develop life-threatening symptoms. In the present study, HCMV seroprevalence was investigated in a rural population of Western Côte d'Ivoire. Plasma samples collected from 166 apparently healthy subjects living in 8 villages surrounding the Taï Forest National Park were tested for anti-HCMV immunoglobulin G and M antibody with two commercial enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays. Prevalence of anti-HCMV IgG and IgM antibody was 100% and 5...
January 2017: Viral Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051109/ehlers-danlos-syndrome-hypermobility-type-is-associated-with-rheumatic-diseases
#11
Kyla R Rodgers, Jiang Gui, Mary Beth P Dinulos, Richard C Chou
We retrospectively analyzed electronic medical records of patients with Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome hypermobility type (HEDS), including demographic information, workup, rheumatological diagnoses in order to determine its association with rheumatological conditions. HEDS Patients were stratified according to level of workup received (no additional work (physical exam only) = NWU, limited workup = LWU, comprehensive workup = CWU)). HEDS patients were predominantly female (21:4, F:M). The percentage of patients with at least one rheumatological condition was significantly correlated with level of workup (NWU, 9...
January 4, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050621/-a-two-faced-vitamin-folic-acid-prevention-or-promotion-of-colon-cancer
#12
Anke Weißenborn, Anke Ehlers, Karen-I Hirsch-Ernst, Alfonso Lampen, Birgit Niemann
In the late 1930s, it was discovered that liver and yeast extracts can be used to correct certain cases of megaloblastic anemia in pregnancy. The factor responsible for this was isolated from spinach leaves in the 1940s, and referred to as folate, a term derived from the Latin word folium for leaf. Folate is considered an essential nutrient for human beings. Folic acid, the synthetic form of the vitamin, is used in dietary supplements, medicines and fortified foods. Since the 1980s, it has been recommended that women who plan to become pregnant and pregnant women during the first trimester of pregnancy take folic acid supplements...
January 3, 2017: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28035354/identification-of-a-missense-mutation-of-col3a1-in-a-chinese-family-with-atypical-ehlers-danlos-syndrome-using-targeted-next-generation-sequencing
#13
Wenwen Zhang, Qian Han, Min Zhou, Feng Ran, Tong Qiao, Long Yi, Changjian Liu, Zhao Liu
Aortopathy represents an important cause of mortality in industrialized countries, with a number of genes identified as predispose factors. It can be difficult to identify the genetic lesions underlying this disorder, particularly when the phenotype is atypical. The present study performed targeted next‑generation sequencing of 428 genes associated with cardiovascular diseases in a family with aortopathy, the proband of which presented with abdominal aortic aneurysm rupture only, with tissue fragility noted in surgery...
December 29, 2016: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28034648/synthesis-functionalization-and-biological-activity-of-arylated-derivatives-of-estrone
#14
Anton Ivanov, Syeda Abida Ejaz, Syed Jawad Ali Shah, Peter Ehlers, Alexander Villinger, Eva Frank, Gyula Schneider, János Wölfling, Qamar Rahman, Jamshed Iqbal, Peter Langer
Various novel arylated estrone derivatives, such as 2-aryl-, 4-aryl- and 2,4-diaryl-estrones, by Suzuki-Miyaura reactions. While the synthesis of 4-arylestrones could be carried out under standard conditions, the synthesis of 2-arylestrones and 2,4-diarylestrones required a thorough optimization of the conditions and it proved to be important to use sterically encumbered biaryl ligands. The best results were obtained by the use of RuPhos. Combination of developed Suzuki coupling reactions with subsequent cyclization reactions afforded more complex hybrid structures, containing dibenzofuran, benzocoumarin and steroid moieties...
December 9, 2016: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002048/exchange-anisotropy-in-the-skyrmion-host-gav4s8
#15
D Ehlers, I Stasinopoulos, I Kézsmárki, T Fehér, V Tsurkan, H-A Krug von Nidda, D Grundler, A Loidl
Using ferromagnetic resonance spectroscopy at 34 GHz we explored the magnetic anisotropy of single-crystalline GaV4S8 in the field-polarized magnetic state. We describe the data in terms of an easy-axis type uniaxial anisotropy with an anisotropy constant [Formula: see text] erg cm(-3) at 2 K, corresponding to a relative exchange anisotropy [Formula: see text]%, and about [Formula: see text]erg cm(-3) near 11 K, i.e. at temperatures where the skyrmion-lattice phase was recently discovered. The relatively large value of K 1 explains the confinement of the skyrmion tubes to the [Formula: see text] easy axes...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Physics. Condensed Matter: An Institute of Physics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27998373/sleep-quality-in-an-adult-american-indian-community-sample
#16
Cindy L Ehlers, Derek N Wills, Philip Lau, David A Gilder
STUDY OBJECTIVES: Epidemiological studies have found that insufficient sleep (< 7 h/night) is more common among American Indians/Alaska Natives (AI/AN). In this study we sought to identify specific demographic, clinical, and cultural factors that may be associated with reduced sleep quality in an American Indian community sample. METHODS: Information on demography along with personal medical, psychiatric, and drinking history was obtained using the Semi-Structured Assessment for the Genetics of Alcoholism (SSAGA)...
December 16, 2016: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27990838/multiple-perforation-of-small-intestine-diverticula-in-a-patient-with-ehlers-danlos-syndrome
#17
Raúl Honrubia Lopez, Aurora Burgos García, Elena Palacios Lázaro
Ehlers-Danlos syndrome represents a group of hereditary connective tissue disorders characterized by ligamentous hyperlaxity, fragile skin and joint hypermobility. Gastrointestinal complications in this syndrome are less well known.
December 19, 2016: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27976374/cognitive-therapy-as-an-early-treatment-for-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-in-children-and-adolescents-a-randomized-controlled-trial-addressing-preliminary-efficacy-and-mechanisms-of-action
#18
Richard Meiser-Stedman, Patrick Smith, Anna McKinnon, Clare Dixon, David Trickey, Anke Ehlers, David M Clark, Adrian Boyle, Peter Watson, Ian Goodyer, Tim Dalgleish
BACKGROUND: Few efficacious early treatments for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in children and adolescents exist. Previous trials have intervened within the first month post-trauma and focused on secondary prevention of later post-traumatic stress; however, considerable natural recovery may still occur up to 6-months post-trauma. No trials have addressed the early treatment of established PTSD (i.e. 2- to 6-months post-trauma). METHODS: Twenty-nine youth (8-17 years) with PTSD (according to age-appropriate DSM-IV or ICD-10 diagnostic criteria) after a single-event trauma in the previous 2-6 months were randomly allocated to Cognitive Therapy for PTSD (CT-PTSD; n = 14) or waiting list (WL; n = 15) for 10 weeks...
December 15, 2016: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27973938/anesthetic-management-of-a-patient-with-ehlers-danlos-syndrome
#19
Naohiro Ohshita, Masahiko Kanazumi, Kaname Tsuji, Hiroaki Yoshida, Shosuke Morita, Yoshihiro Momota, Yasuo M Tsutsumi
We describe the case of a 37-year-old woman who had been diagnosed with Ehlers-Danlos syndrome (EDS) 4 years earlier and was scheduled to undergo removal of synovial chondromatosis in the temporomandibular joint. EDS is a heritable connective tissue disorder and has 6 types. In this case, the patient was classified into EDS hypermobility type. The major clinical feature of this type is joint hypermobility. The patient had sprain or subluxation of the elbows and ankles and dislocation of the knees. Anticipated problems during general anesthesia would be affected by the disease type...
2016: Anesthesia Progress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27971859/cost-effectiveness-analysis-of-comprehensive-medication-review-cmr-for-patients-acutely-admitted-to-hospital
#20
T Szymanski, J Reed, Ehlers L Holger, D Bell
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
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