keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Glutamine supplementation

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150501/glna-truncation-in-salmonella-enterica-results-in-a-small-colony-variant-phenotype-attenuated-host-cell-entry-and-reduced-expression-of-flagellin-and-spi-1-associated-effector-genes
#1
Philipp Aurass, Juliane Düvel, Susanne Karste, Ulrich Nübel, Wolfgang Rabsch, Antje Flieger
Many pathogenic bacteria use sophisticated survival strategies to overcome harsh environmental conditions. One is the formation of slow-growing subpopulations termed small colony variants (SCVs). Here we characterize an SCV, which spontaneously emerged from an axenic Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium water culture. We found that the SCV harbors a frameshift mutation in the glutamine synthetase gene glnA leading to a ∼90% truncation of the corresponding protein. Glutamine synthetase, a central enzyme in nitrogen assimilation, converts glutamate and ammonia to glutamine...
November 17, 2017: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132292/flps-fast-discovery-of-compositional-biases-for-the-protein-universe
#2
Paul M Harrison
BACKGROUND: Proteins often contain regions that are compositionally biased (CB), i.e., they are made from a small subset of amino-acid residue types. These CB regions can be functionally important, e.g., the prion-forming and prion-like regions that are rich in asparagine and glutamine residues. RESULTS: Here I report a new program fLPS that can rapidly annotate CB regions. It discovers both single-residue and multiple-residue biases. It works through a process of probability minimization...
November 13, 2017: BMC Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119243/retraction-note-to-l-glutamine-supplementation-induces-insulin-resistance-in-adipose-tissue-and-improves-insulin-signalling-in-liver-and-muscle-of-rats-with-diet-induced-obesity
#3
P O Prada, S M Hirabara, C T de Souza, A A Schenka, H G Zecchin, J Vassallo, L A Velloso, E Carneiro, J B C Carvalheira, R Curi, M J Saad
In light of forensic evidence indicating duplication and/or manipulation of western blot images the Editor-in-Chief is retracting the article cited above.
November 8, 2017: Diabetologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102930/re-evaluation-of-culture-condition-of-pc12-and-sh-sy5y-cells-based-on-growth-rate-and-amino-acid-consumption
#4
Hiroshi Sakagami, Ryuichiro Suzuki, Yoshiaki Shirataki, Soichi Iwama, Mika Nakagawa, Hayato Suzuki, Kenta Tanaka, Nobuaki Tamura, Hiroshi Takeshima
BACKGROUND/AIM: Most of the previous investigators have used various types of media for the culture of nerve cells. In order to optimize the culture conditions, we compared the growth rate and amino acid consumption by two popular neuron models, rat PC12 and human SH-SY5Y, grown in DMEM or DMEM: Ham's F-12 (1:1): non-essential amino acids, supplemented with 10% fetal bovine serum (referred to DMEM and Mix, respectively). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Cell growth was monitored by the MTT method...
November 2017: In Vivo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095001/glutaminemia-prognostic-significance-in-critical-surgical-patients-an-analysis-of-plasma-aminogram-profile
#5
Beatriz Pinto Costa, Paulo Martins, Carla Verissimo, Marta Simões, Marisa Tomé, Manuela Grazina, Jorge Pimentel, Francisco Castro Sousa
BACKGROUND: Glutamine depletion is common in the critically-ill patients. Glutaminemia lower than 420 μmol/l has been considered as an independent predictive factor of mortality, but the indications for exogenous glutamine supplementation remain controversial. This study intends to determine the glutaminemia profile in critical surgical patients and to investigate its correlation with the severity indexes and the prognosis. METHODS: A prospective study of 28 adult critical surgical patients was performed...
July 28, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29090226/fifty-percent-ethanolic-extract-of-momordica-charantia-inhibits-adipogenesis-and-promotes-adipolysis-in-3t3-l1-pre-adipocyte-cells
#6
Chikkavadaragudi Ramachandra Shobha, Vishwanath Prashant, Prashant Akila, Rangaswamy Chandini, Maduvanahalli Nataraj Suma, Hattur Basavanagowdappa
BACKGROUND: Natural products have gained importance recently for the treatment of obesity and its complications, partly because of the side effects of modern drugs.Hence, we aimed to study and compare the effect of varying concentrations of Momordicacharantiaon adipogenesis and adipolysis using 3T3-L1 pre-adipocyte cell lines. METHODS: 3T3-L1 pre-adipocytes were procured from the National Center for Cell Sciences, Pune, and cultured in Dulbecco's Modified Eagle's Media (DMEM) supplemented with 20% fetal bovine serum (FBS) and 1 mM L-glutamine...
October 2017: Reports of Biochemistry & Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29074485/animal-models-of-chemotherapy-induced-mucositis-translational-relevance-and-challenges
#7
Per T Sangild, René Liang Shen, Peter Erik Lotko Pontoppidan, Mathias Rathe
Chemotherapy for cancer patients induces damaging tissue reactions along the epithelium of the gastrointestinal tract (GIT). This chemotherapy-induced mucositis (CIM) is a serious side effect of cytotoxic drugs and several animal models of CIM have been developed to help understand the progression of CIM, and how to prevent it. Animal models allow highly controlled experimental conditions, detailed organ (e.g. GIT) insights, standardized, clinically-relevant treatment regimens and discovery of new biomarkers...
October 26, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29058112/glutamine-supplementation-reduces-markers-of-intestinal-permeability-during-running-in-the-heat-in-a-dose-dependent-manner
#8
Jamie N Pugh, Stephen Sage, Mark Hutson, Dominic A Doran, Simon C Fleming, Jamie Highton, James P Morton, Graeme L Close
PURPOSE: To examine the dose-response effects of acute glutamine supplementation on markers of gastrointestinal (GI) permeability, damage and, secondary, subjective symptoms of GI discomfort in response to running in the heat. METHODS: Ten recreationally active males completed a total of four exercise trials; a placebo trial and three glutamine trials at 0.25, 0.5 and 0.9 g kg(-1) of fat-free mass (FFM) consumed 2 h before exercise. Each exercise trial consisted of a 60-min treadmill run at 70% of [Formula: see text] in an environmental chamber set at 30 °C...
December 2017: European Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029389/a-ketogenic-diet-supplemented-with-medium-chain-triglycerides-enhances-the-anti-tumor-and-anti-angiogenic-efficacy-of-chemotherapy-on-neuroblastoma-xenografts-in-a-cd1-nu-mouse-model
#9
Sepideh Aminzadeh-Gohari, René Günther Feichtinger, Silvia Vidali, Felix Locker, Tricia Rutherford, Maura O'Donnel, Andrea Stöger-Kleiber, Johannes Adalbert Mayr, Wolfgang Sperl, Barbara Kofler
Neuroblastoma (NB) is a pediatric malignancy characterized by a marked reduction in aerobic energy metabolism. Recent preclinical data indicate that targeting this metabolic phenotype by a ketogenic diet (KD), especially in combination with calorie restriction, slows tumor growth and enhances metronomic cyclophosphamide (CP) therapy of NB xenografts. Because calorie restriction would be contraindicated in most cancer patients, the aim of the present study was to optimize the KD such that the tumors are sensitized to CP without the need of calorie restriction...
September 12, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988990/efficient-large-scale-2d-culture-system-for-human-induced-pluripotent-stem-cells-and-differentiated-cardiomyocytes
#10
Shugo Tohyama, Jun Fujita, Chihana Fujita, Miho Yamaguchi, Sayaka Kanaami, Rei Ohno, Kazuho Sakamoto, Masami Kodama, Junko Kurokawa, Hideaki Kanazawa, Tomohisa Seki, Yoshikazu Kishino, Marina Okada, Kazuaki Nakajima, Sho Tanosaki, Shota Someya, Akinori Hirano, Shinji Kawaguchi, Eiji Kobayashi, Keiichi Fukuda
Cardiac regenerative therapies utilizing human induced pluripotent stem cells (hiPSCs) are hampered by ineffective large-scale culture. hiPSCs were cultured in multilayer culture plates (CPs) with active gas ventilation (AGV), resulting in stable proliferation and pluripotency. Seeding of 1 × 10(6) hiPSCs per layer yielded 7.2 × 10(8) hiPSCs in 4-layer CPs and 1.7 × 10(9) hiPSCs in 10-layer CPs with pluripotency. hiPSCs were sequentially differentiated into cardiomyocytes (CMs) in a two-dimensional (2D) differentiation protocol...
November 14, 2017: Stem Cell Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28980034/effect-of-the-route-of-nutrition-and-l-alanyl-l-glutamine-supplementation-in-amino-acids-concentration-in-trauma-patients
#11
J M Raurich, J A Llompart-Pou, A García-de-Lorenzo, A Buño Soto, P Marsé, G Frontera, J Pérez-Bárcena
PURPOSE: Our purpose was to assess the amino acids' (AAs) profile in trauma patients and to assess the effect of the route of nutrition and the exogenous ALA-GLN dipeptide supplementation on plasma AAs' concentration. METHODS: This is a secondary analysis of a previous randomized controlled trial. On day 1 and day 6 after trauma, plasma concentration of 25 AAs was measured using reverse phase high-performance liquid chromatography. Results were analyzed in relation to the route of nutrition and supplementation of ALA-GLN dipeptide...
October 4, 2017: European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery: Official Publication of the European Trauma Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28967640/endometrial-stromal-cells-isolation-expansion-morphological-and-functional-properties
#12
A V Zlatska, A E Rodnichenko, O S Gubar, D O Zubov, S N Novikova, R G Vasyliev
AIM: We aimed to study biological properties of human endometrial stromal cells in vitro. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The endometrium samples (n = 5) were obtained by biopsy at the first phase of the menstrual cycle from women with endometrial hypoplasia. In all cases, a voluntary written informed consent was obtained from the patients. Endometrial fragments were dissociated by enzymatic treatment. The cells were cultured in DMEM/F12 supplemented with 10% FBS, 2 mМ L-glutamine and 1 ng/ml FGF-2 in a multi-gas incubator at 5% CO2 and 5% O2...
September 2017: Experimental Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941690/does-l-glutamine-supplemented-diet-extenuate-no-mediated-damage-on-myenteric-plexus-of-walker-256-tumor-bearing-rats
#13
Geraldo Emílio Vicentini, Heber Amilcar Martins, Luciane Fracaro, Sara Raquel Garcia de Souza, Kassio Papi da Silva Zanoni, Thamara Nishida Xavier Silva, Fernanda Paschoal Blegniski, Flávia Alessandra Guarnier, Jacqueline Nelisis Zanoni
This study was designed to appraise the relationship between enteric neuropathy and oxidative stress in cancer cachexia under l-glutamine-supplemented diet. Total and nitrergic neuronal populations were investigated in jejunum and ileum in four experimental groups: control (C); control l-glutamine-supplemented diet (CG); Walker-256 tumor (TW); and Walker-256 tumor supplemented with l-glutamine (TWG). In addition, local oxidative stress, neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS) enzyme and nitric oxide (NO) levels were evaluated...
November 2017: Food Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931589/oral-supplementation-of-glutamine-attenuates-the-progression-of-nonalcoholic-steatohepatitis-in-c57bl-6j-mice
#14
Cathrin Sellmann, Anja Baumann, Annette Brandt, Cheng Jun Jin, Anika Nier, Ina Bergheim
Background: Universally accepted therapeutic strategies for the treatment of nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) are still lacking. Studies suggest a preventive effect of oral Gln supplementation on the development of NASH; however, whether Gln also has therapeutic potential for pre-existing NASH has not yet been clarified.Objective: The aim of the present study was to determine whether Gln prevents the progression of diet-induced NASH in mice.Methods: For 8 wk, female C57BL/6J mice (6-8 wk old) were pair-fed a liquid Western-style diet [WSD, 25% of energy from fat, 50% wt:wt fructose, 0...
September 20, 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929384/roles-of-dietary-glycine-proline-and-hydroxyproline-in-collagen-synthesis-and-animal-growth
#15
REVIEW
Peng Li, Guoyao Wu
Glycine, proline, and hydroxyproline (Hyp) contribute to 57% of total amino acids (AAs) in collagen, which accounts for one-third of proteins in animals. As the most abundant protein in the body, collagen is essential to maintain the normal structure and strength of connective tissue, such as bones, skin, cartilage, and blood vessels. Mammals, birds, and fish can synthesize: (1) glycine from threonine, serine, choline, and Hyp; (2) proline from arginine; and (3) Hyp from proline residues in collagen, in a cell- and tissue-specific manner...
September 20, 2017: Amino Acids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924963/combining-metabolic-and-process-engineering-strategies-to-improve-recombinant-glycoprotein-production-and-quality
#16
Eric Karengera, Yves Durocher, Gregory De Crescenzo, Olivier Henry
Increasing recombinant protein production while ensuring a high and consistent protein quality remains a challenge in mammalian cell culture process development. In this work, we combined a nutrient substitution approach with a metabolic engineering strategy that improves glucose utilization efficiency. This combination allowed us to tackle both lactate and ammonia accumulation and investigate on potential synergistic effects on protein production and quality. To this end, HEK293 cells overexpressing the pyruvate yeast carboxylase (PYC2) and their parental cells, both stably producing the therapeutic glycoprotein interferon α2b (IFNα2b), were cultured in media deprived of glutamine but containing chosen substitutes...
November 2017: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920930/gator1-regulates-nitrogenic-cataplerotic-reactions-of-the-mitochondrial-tca-cycle
#17
Jun Chen, Benjamin M Sutter, Lei Shi, Benjamin P Tu
The GATOR1 (SEACIT) complex consisting of Iml1-Npr2-Npr3 inhibits target of rapamycin complex 1 (TORC1) in response to amino acid insufficiency. In glucose medium, Saccharomyces cerevisiae mutants lacking the function of this complex grow poorly in the absence of amino acid supplementation, despite showing hallmarks of increased TORC1 signaling. Such mutants sense that they are amino acid replete and thus repress metabolic activities that are important for achieving this state. We found that npr2Δ mutants have defective mitochondrial tricarboxylic acid (TCA)-cycle activity and retrograde response...
November 2017: Nature Chemical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918494/betaine-in-the-brain-characterization-of-betaine-uptake-its-influence-on-other-osmolytes-and-its-potential-role-in-neuroprotection-from-osmotic-stress
#18
Leena S Knight, Quinn Piibe, Ian Lambie, Christopher Perkins, Paul H Yancey
Betaine (N-trimethylglycine), a common osmolyte, has received attention because of the number of clinical reports associating betaine supplementation with improved cognition, neuroprotection and exercise physiology. However, tissue analyses report little accumulation of betaine in brain tissue despite the presence of betaine/GABA transporters (BGT1) at the blood brain barrier and in nervous tissue, calling into question whether betaine influences neuronal function directly or indirectly. Therefore, the focus of this study was to determine what capacity nervous tissue has to accumulate betaine, specifically in the hippocampus, a region of the brain associated with learning and memory and one that is particularly susceptible to damage (e...
December 2017: Neurochemical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916119/safety-and-efficacy-of-glycerol-phenylbutyrate-for-management-of-urea-cycle-disorders-in-patients-aged-2months-to-2years
#19
Susan A Berry, Nicola Longo, George A Diaz, Shawn E McCandless, Wendy E Smith, Cary O Harding, Roberto Zori, Can Ficicioglu, Uta Lichter-Konecki, Beth Robinson, Jerry Vockley
INTRODUCTION: Glycerol phenylbutyrate (GPB) is approved in the US for the management of patients 2months of age and older with urea cycle disorders (UCDs) that cannot be managed with protein restriction and/or amino acid supplementation alone. Limited data exist on the use of nitrogen conjugation agents in very young patients. METHODS: Seventeen patients (15 previously on other nitrogen scavengers) with all types of UCDs aged 2months to 2years were switched to, or started, GPB...
September 8, 2017: Molecular Genetics and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915388/epa-and-dha-but-not-ala-have-antidepressant-effects-with-17%C3%AE-estradiol-injection-via-regulation-of-a-neurobiological-system-in-ovariectomized-rats
#20
Jeong-Eun Choi, Yongsoon Park
Our previous studies found that n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) and estrogen had synergistic antidepressant-like effects. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the hypothesis that three major n-3 PUFAs, α-linolenic acid (ALA), eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), individually had antidepressant effects combined with 17β-estradiol-3-benzoate (E) through a neurobiological pathway in ovariectomized rats. Rats were fed a modified American Institute of Nutrition-93G diet with 0% n-3 PUFAs and 1% ALA, EPA and DHA relative to total energy intake for 12 weeks and were injected with corn oil or E every 4 days during the last 3 weeks...
November 2017: Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry
keyword
keyword
47281
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"