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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339845/expanded-spectrum-%C3%AE-lactamase-producing-escherichia-coli-isolated-from-chickens-with-colibacillosis-in-egypt
#1
D A El-Shazly, S A Nasef, F F Mahmoud, Daniel Jonas
Throughout the world, expanded spectrum β-lactamases (ESBL) are increasing among clinical isolates of Enterobacteriaceae, both in humans and animals. Unfortunately, there is a paucity of data on ESBL or Ampicillin class C β-lactamase (AmpC) in Egypt, although antimicrobial consumption is high in this developing country. This study aims to characterize the resistance mechanisms to expanded spectrum cephalosporins among resistant veterinary Escherichia coli isolates in Egypt. We investigated 50 clinical multi-resistant E...
February 23, 2017: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331832/glucosamine-and-chondroitin-use-in-canines-for-osteoarthritis-a-review
#2
REVIEW
Angel Bhathal, Meredith Spryszak, Christopher Louizos, Grace Frankel
Osteoarthritis is a slowly progressive and debilitating disease that affects canines of all breeds. Pain and decreased mobility resulting from osteoarthritis often have a negative impact on the affected canine's quality of life, level of comfort, daily functioning, activity, behaviour, and client-pet companionship. Despite limited and conflicting evidence, the natural products glucosamine hydrochloride (HCl) and chondroitin sulfate are commonly recommended by veterinarians for treating osteoarthritis in dogs...
2017: Open veterinary journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330894/targeted-enrichment-for-pathogen-detection-and-characterization-in-three-felid-species
#3
Justin S Lee, Ryan S Mackie, Thomas Harrison, Basir Shariat, Trey Kind, Timo Kehl, Martin Löchelt, Christina Boucher, Sue VandeWoude
Traditional diagnostic assays often lack sensitivity and can be difficult to multiplex across many pathogens. Next-generation sequencing (NGS) can overcome some of these problems but has limited application detecting low-copy-number pathogens in complex samples. Targeted genome capture (TGC) utilizes oligonucleotide probes to enrich specific nucleic acids in heterogeneous extracts and can therefore increase the proportion of NGS reads for low-abundance targets. While prior studies have demonstrated the utility of this technology for detection of novel pathogens in human clinical samples, the capacity and practicality of TGC-NGS in a veterinary diagnostic setting has not yet been evaluated...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Clinical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330727/evaluation-of-bam-butorphanol-azaperone-medetomidine-in-captive-african-lion-panthera-leo-immobilization
#4
Aleksandr Semjonov, Vladimir Andrianov, Jacobus P Raath, Toomas Orro, Derik Venter, Liesel Laubscher, Silke Pfitzer
OBJECTIVE: The combination of butorphanol, azaperone and medetomidine (BAM) with subsequent antagonism by naltrexone-yohimbine or naltrexone-atipamezole was evaluated for reversible immobilization of captive African lions (Panthea leo). STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, clinical trial. ANIMALS: Twenty lions, 11 males and nine females, weighing 38-284 kg were immobilized in South Africa. METHODS: The BAM volume dose rate administered was 0...
February 8, 2017: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330485/prevalence-of-helminth-and-coccidian-parasites-in-swedish-outdoor-cats-and-the-first-report-of-aelurostrongylus-abstrusus-in-sweden-a-coprological-investigation
#5
Giulio Grandi, Arianna Comin, Osama Ibrahim, Roland Schaper, Ulrika Forshell, Eva Osterman Lind
BACKGROUND: This study was performed in order to gather recent epidemiological data on feline endoparasites in Swedish cats. Faecal samples from 205 outdoor cats were collected by their owners and submitted to the National Veterinary Institute for analysis. The study population was comprised of cats with access to an outdoor environment and with no history of anthelmintic treatment within the last 3 months. Intestinal parasites were detected with a centrifugal flotation technique and Baermann larval sedimentation was performed to detect metastrongylid lungworms...
March 23, 2017: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328967/phenotypic-and-molecular-characterization-of-antimicrobial-resistance-in-enterobacter-spp-isolates-from-companion-animals-in-japan
#6
Kazuki Harada, Takae Shimizu, Yujiro Mukai, Ken Kuwajima, Tomomi Sato, Akari Kajino, Masaru Usui, Yutaka Tamura, Yui Kimura, Tadashi Miyamoto, Yuzo Tsuyuki, Asami Ohki, Yasushi Kataoka
The emergence of antimicrobial resistance among Enterobacter spp., including resistance to extended-spectrum cephalosporins (ESC), is of great concern in both human and veterinary medicine. In this study, we investigated the prevalence of antimicrobial resistance among 60 isolates of Enterobacter spp., including E. cloacae (n = 44), E. aerogenes (n = 10), and E. asburiae (n = 6), from clinical specimens of dogs and cats from 15 prefectures in Japan. Furthermore, we characterized the resistance mechanisms harbored by these isolates, including extended-spectrum β-lactamases (ESBLs) and plasmid-mediated quinolone resistance (PMQR); and assessed the genetic relatedness of ESC-resistant Enterobacter spp...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319274/intraoperative-optical-coherence-tomography-for-soft-tissue-sarcoma-differentiation-and-margin-identification
#7
Kelly J Mesa, Laura E Selmic, Paritosh Pande, Guillermo L Monroy, Jennifer Reagan, Jonathan Samuelson, Elizabeth Driskell, Joanne Li, Marina Marjanovic, Eric J Chaney, Stephen A Boppart
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Sarcomas are rare but highly aggressive tumors, and local recurrence after surgical excision can occur in up to 50% cases. Therefore, there is a strong clinical need for accurate tissue differentiation and margin assessment to reduce incomplete resection and local recurrence. The purpose of this study was to investigate the use of optical coherence tomography (OCT) and a novel image texture-based processing algorithm to differentiate sarcoma from muscle and adipose tissue...
March 20, 2017: Lasers in Surgery and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318148/barriers-to-innovation-in-human-rabies-prophylaxis-and-treatment-a-causal-analysis-of-insights-from-key-opinion-leaders-and-literature
#8
L H M van de Burgwal, A M G Neevel, C A C M Pittens, A D M E Osterhaus, C E Rupprecht, E Claassen
Rabies is an essentially 100% fatal, zoonotic disease, caused by Lyssaviruses. Currently, the disease is vaccine-preventable with pre- and post-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP and PEP). Still, rabies virus is estimated to cause up to 60,000 human deaths annually, of which the vast majority occurs in rural Asia and Africa, due to the inaccessibility of prophylaxis and non-existence of treatment. Despite these unmet clinical needs, rabies control mainly focuses on the sylvatic reservoir and drug innovation receives relatively little attention compared to other neglected tropical diseases (NTDs)...
March 20, 2017: Zoonoses and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317209/the-effects-of-cryopreservation-on-the-expression-of-canine-regulatory-t-cell-markers
#9
Noemi Tarpataki, Marcin Wawrzyniak, Cezmi A Akdis, Beate Rückert, Marina L Meli, Nina M Fischer, Claude Favrot, Ana Rostaher
BACKGROUND: Regulatory T (Treg) cells have been described as key regulators in various immunological processes and are of growing interest in veterinary allergy. Cryopreservation of immune cells is performed routinely in human basic science research and in clinical studies. As such, it allows batch testing of collected samples at a single time point, resulting in a significant reduction in sample variability. Data which describe the effects of cryopreservation on Treg cell frequency and functionality in the canine species are important to inform future research...
March 19, 2017: Veterinary Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316429/pseudomalaria-in-a-domestic-pigeon-a-case-report
#10
B R Maharana, Binod Kumar
Microscopic examination of thin blood smear of a domestic pigeon brought to Teaching Veterinary Clinical Complex, Junagadh, Gujarat revealed mature and immature halter shaped gametocytes of Haemoproteus columbae encircling the nucleated erythrocytes. The disease was diagnosed as acute infection of pigeon malaria more notably known as pseudomalaria. The parasitic infection was further confirmed by polymerase chain reaction assay targeting the Cytochrome b (cyt b) gene fragment amplifying 207 base pair (bp) fragment...
March 2017: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316407/theileria-annulata-induced-brisket-oedema-in-a-bull-and-its-successful-treatment
#11
B Sudhakara Reddy, S Sivajothi
In the present case, jugular vein engorgement and oedema of the brisket region which mimic the signs of pseudopericarditis due to theileriosis in a bull was reported. An adult Ongole crossbred bull with history of weakness, anorexia and oedema at brisket region was referred to Teaching Veterinary Clinical Complex, College of Veterinary Science, Proddatur. Physical examination revealed the presence of ticks over the body, right and left prescapular lymphadenopathy and oedema at brisket region. Blood examination revealed the presence of piroplasms in erythrocytes, schizont in lymphocytes, anaemia and lymphopenia...
March 2017: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315118/the-reference-intervals-of-hair-trace-element-content-in-hereford-cows-and-heifers-bos-taurus
#12
Sergey A Miroshnikov, Oleg A Zavyalov, Alexey N Frolov, Irina P Bolodurina, Valery V Kalashnikov, Andrei R Grabeklis, Alexey A Tinkov, Anatoly V Skalny
The objective of the present study was to assess hair trace element content in Hereford heifers and cows (Bos taurus) living in South Ural region and calculate the site-specific reference intervals. Hair trace element content in 150 cows and heifers farmed in the Southern Urals of Russia was assessed using inductively coupled plasma mass-spectrometry. Dietary trace element content corresponded to the adequate values as estimated by recommendations of USSR State Agriculture Committee and U.S. National Research Council...
March 17, 2017: Biological Trace Element Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306496/use-of-magnetic-resonance-imaging-guided-biopsy-of-a-vertebral-body-mass-to-diagnose-osteosarcoma-in-a-rottweiler
#13
Rebecca A Krimins, Jan Fritz, Larry A Gainsburg, Patrick R Gavin, Elizabeth A Ihms, David L Huso, Dara L Kraitchman
CASE DESCRIPTION A 9-year-old spayed female Rottweiler with hind limb ataxia was examined because of anorexia and an acute onset of hind limb paresis. CLINICAL FINDINGS Neurologic evaluation revealed hind limb ataxia and symmetric paraparesis with bilaterally abnormal hind limb postural reactions including hopping, hemiwalking, hemistanding, and delayed proprioception, which were suggestive of a lesion somewhere in the T3-L3 segment of the spinal cord. Thoracolumbar radiography revealed an abnormal radiopacity suggestive of a mass at T11...
April 1, 2017: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306486/factors-that-influence-small-animal-veterinarians-opinions-and-actions-regarding-cost-of-care-and-effects-of-economic-limitations-on-patient-care-and-outcome-and-professional-career-satisfaction-and-burnout
#14
Barry S Kipperman, Philip H Kass, Mark Rishniw
OBJECTIVE To determine small animal veterinarians' opinions and actions regarding costs of care, obstacles to client education about veterinary care costs, and effects of economic limitations on patient care and outcome and professional career satisfaction and burnout. DESIGN Cross-sectional survey. SAMPLE 1,122 small animal practitioners in the United States and Canada. PROCEDURES An online survey was sent to 37,036 veterinarians. Respondents provided information regarding perceived effects of client awareness of costs and pet health insurance coverage on various aspects of practice, the influence of client economic limitations on professional satisfaction and burnout, and proposals for addressing those effects...
April 1, 2017: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302888/investigation-of-productivity-in-a-south-indian-malabari-goat-herd-shows-opportunities-for-planned-animal-health-management-to-improve-food-security
#15
N D Sargison, S A J Ivil, J Abraham, S P S Abubaker, A M Hopker, S Mazeri, I A Otter, N Otter
Here the authors report the objective veterinary clinical measurement of productivity in a representative south Indian Malabari goat herd. The authors show failure to meet pragmatic production targets that are commensurate with the animals' genetic potential or adequate to meet the demands of global food security. The authors suggest that this situation may have arisen as a consequence of animal husbandry constraints and protein undernutrition and imply the involvement of nematode parasitism. Benzimidazole resistance was detected in Haemonchus species, showing the need for better understanding of the principles of sustainable helminth parasite control within the southern Indian context...
March 18, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299636/asymptomatic-heart-valve-dysfunction-in-healthy-middle-aged-companion-dogs-and-its-implications-for-cardiac-aging
#16
Silvan R Urfer, Tammi L Kaeberlein, Susan Mailheau, Philip J Bergman, Kate E Creevy, Daniel E L Promislow, Matt Kaeberlein
Heart disease is the leading cause of death in the USA, accounting for about one in every four deaths. Age is the greatest risk factor for heart disease in both people and dogs; however, heart disease is generally not considered as a major cause of morbidity or mortality in dogs. As part of the preliminary selection process for a veterinary clinical trial, 40 companion dogs with no history of cardiac pathology that were at least 6 years old and weighed at least 18 kg underwent a cardiac screening using Doppler echocardiography...
February 2017: Geroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296327/fricke-gel-dosimeter-with-improved-sensitivity-for-low-dose-level-measurements
#17
Mauro Vaiente, Wladimir Molina, Lila Carrizales Silva, Rodolfo Figueroa, Francisco Malano, Pedro Pérez, Mauricio Santibañez, José Vedelago
Fricke solution has a wide range of applications as radiation detector and dosimetry. It is particularly appreciated in terms of relevant comparative advantages, like tissue-equivalence when prepared in aqueous media like gel matrix, continuous mapping capability, independence of dose rate and incident direction, as well as linear dose response. This work presents the development and characterization of an improved Fricke gel system, based on modified chemical compositions, making possible its application in clinical radiology due to its improved sensitivity...
July 2016: Journal of Applied Clinical Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295766/impact-of-a-terbinafine-florfenicol-betamethasone-acetate-otic-gel-on-the-quality-of-life-of-dogs-with-acute-otitis-externa-and-their-owners
#18
Chiara Noli, Roberta Sartori, Tiziana Cena
BACKGROUND: Treatment of canine otitis externa with owner-administered products can be difficult. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate otic treatment administered by a veterinarian on quality of life (QoL) of dogs with otitis externa and their owners, and on clinical and cytology parameters of otitis; compared to an owner-administered treatment. ANIMALS: Fifty client-owned dogs randomly randomized into two groups and treated for 2 weeks. METHODS: Veterinarians treated Group A dogs with a veterinary licensed otic gel on two occasions at a 1 week interval; owners treated Group B dogs once daily with a veterinary licensed otic drop based product along with twice weekly cleaning...
March 15, 2017: Veterinary Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295616/associations-between-anesthetic-variables-and-functional-outcome-in-dogs-with-thoracolumbar-intervertebral-disk-extrusion-undergoing-decompressive-hemilaminectomy
#19
J Fenn, E Laber, K Williams, C A Rousse, P J Early, C L Mariani, K R Muñana, S De Decker, H A Volk, N J Olby
BACKGROUND: Outcome of acute experimental spinal cord injury is strongly associated with tissue perfusion and oxygenation. Cardiopulmonary depression could affect outcome in dogs undergoing general anesthesia for surgical treatment of thoracolumbar intervertebral disk extrusion (IVDE). HYPOTHESIS/OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effects of general anesthesia on functional outcome in dogs undergoing surgery to treat thoracolumbar IVDE. ANIMALS: Eighty-four client-owned dogs with acute thoracolumbar IVDE treated by decompressive hemilaminectomy...
March 13, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294507/exophthalmos-due-to-sterile-neutrophilic-dermatosis-in-a-dog
#20
Emily K Sharpe, Jessica M Meekins, Mary Bagladi-Swanson, Amy J Rankin
An 8-year-old castrated male Bichon Frise was presented to the Kansas State University Veterinary Health Center for evaluation of unilateral right-sided exophthalmos, suspected secondary to a retrobulbar abscess. The dog had acutely developed right-sided periorbital swelling, exophthalmos with pain on retropulsion, as well as multiple cutaneous exudative plaques on the feet and tail base. On ophthalmic examination, the dog also exhibited mild left-sided exophthalmos with decreased, nonpainful retropulsion. Orbital ultrasound and CT were performed to evaluate the extent of bilateral orbital disease...
March 14, 2017: Veterinary Ophthalmology
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