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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165371/veterinarian-nominated-common-conditions-of-rabbits-and-guinea-pigs-compared-with-published-literature
#1
Natalie J Robinson, Emma Lyons, Douglas Grindlay, Marnie L Brennan
Rabbits and guinea pigs are increasingly popular pets in the UK, yet little is known about their common ailments, or how these relate to what appears in the published literature. The aim of this study was to characterise the common conditions of rabbits and guinea pigs, and to compare these with the topics found in the published literature. Information about the common conditions seen in rabbits and guinea pigs in clinical practice was obtained from a survey of UK veterinarians. The common conditions seen were compared with results from a structured literature search...
November 22, 2017: Veterinary Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159852/orbital-invasive-squamous-cell-carcinoma-with-adnexal-involvement-clinically-mimicking-feline-restrictive-orbital-myofibroblastic-sarcoma-19-cases-1990-2016
#2
Kathryn A Diehl, Silvia G Pryor, Leandro Bc Teixeira
OBJECTIVE: To describe the clinical presentations of patients diagnosed with ocular adnexal or orbital squamous cell carcinoma (SCC), which possess features similar to feline restrictive orbital myofibroblastic sarcoma (FROMS). PROCEDURES: A retrospective review of adnexal and/or orbital SCC was performed. Cases were collected from the University of Georgia College of Veterinary Medicine and the Comparative Ocular Pathology Laboratory of Wisconsin (COPLOW) (1990-2016)...
November 21, 2017: Veterinary Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157372/prevalence-of-antimicrobial-resistance-from-bacterial-culture-and-susceptibility-records-from-horse-samples-in-south-africa
#3
John K Chipangura, Thireshni Chetty, Marcia Kgoete, Vinny Naidoo
The continuous increase in prevalence of antimicrobial resistant bacteria presents a significant public health problem and is an indicator that antimicrobial prudent usage guidelines are not being followed, especially in developing countries. Despite trends being available from numerous countries, there is little published for South Africa. This study was aimed at estimating the prevalence and trends of antimicrobial resistance from bacterial isolates from equine clinical samples submitted for culture and susceptibility testing to the veterinary bacteriology laboratory of the University of Pretoria...
December 1, 2017: Preventive Veterinary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157155/work-environment-and-occupational-risk-assessment-for-small-animal-portuguese-veterinary-activities
#4
Angela C Macedo, Vânia T Mota, João M Tavares, Osvaldo L Machado, Francisco X Malcata, Marinela P Cristo, Olga N Mayan
The professional work of small animal veterinary staff encompasses a wide diversity of demanding tasks. This has prompted a number of studies covering physical, chemical, biological, ergonomic or psychological hazards, as well as their health effects upon veterinary workers. However, such results were obtained from self-reported surveys (via paper or online). This study reports the identification of potential hazards and provides a risk assessment of 15 veterinary clinics based on data from walk-through surveys, interviews with workers, and quantification of indoor air quality parameters including concentration of volatile organic compounds (total, isoflurane and glutaraldehyde)...
November 20, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155863/molecular-detection-of-tick-borne-pathogens-in-cattle-from-southwestern-ethiopia
#5
Zerihun Hailemariam, Jürgen Krücken, Maximilian Baumann, Jabbar S Ahmed, Peter-Henning Clausen, Ard M Nijhof
Tick-borne diseases (TBDs) cause significant losses among livestock and impact the livelihoods of resource-poor farming communities worldwide. In Ethiopia, detailed studies on the epidemiology of tick-borne pathogens (TBPs) in cattle using sensitive molecular detection methods are scarce. The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence and species composition of bovine TBPs of veterinary significance in local cattle populations. A comprehensive cross-sectional epidemiological study was conducted in cattle populations of Illubabor zone in Southwestern Ethiopia from June to August 2013...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153105/proposed-method-for-estimating-clinical-cut-off-cocl-values-an-attempt-to-address-challenges-encountered-when-setting-clinical-breakpoints-for-veterinary-antimicrobial-agents
#6
John D Turnidge, Marilyn N Martinez
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153104/development-and-preliminary-psychometric-evaluation-of-an-owner-completed-measure-of-feline-quality-of-life
#7
Sophi Tatlock, Margaret Gober, Nicola Williamson, Rob Arbuckle
Due to improved healthcare and pet longevity, measurement of health-related quality of life (HRQoL) is increasingly important in companion animal medicine. The aim of this study was to develop and evaluate the content and psychometric properties of an owner-completed assessment of health and quality of life (QoL) in cats for use in general veterinary clinical practice. A 23-item feline QoL measure, drafted based on findings from an online survey completed by 45 pet owners, was revised following qualitative interviews with 10 pet owners of healthy cats to assess content validity...
October 2017: Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152834/retrospective-analysis-of-factors-affecting-clinical-outcome-following-chop-based-chemotherapy-in-dogs-with-primary-nodal-diffuse-large-b-cell-lymphoma
#8
M O Childress, J A Ramos-Vara, A Ruple
Numerous factors are known to affect the prognosis of dogs with chemotherapy-treated lymphomas. However, prognostic factors for dogs with specific subtypes of lymphoma are less clearly defined. The objective of this study was to identify prognostic factors for dogs receiving CHOP-based chemotherapy for primary nodal diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL). Medical records of dogs treated for DLBCL at the Purdue Veterinary Teaching Hospital (PUVTH) from 2006 to 2016 were reviewed. Factors potentially related to prognosis were analysed using multivariable statistical methods...
November 20, 2017: Veterinary and Comparative Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152241/effects-of-matrix-on-plasma-levels-of-epa-and-dha-in-dogs
#9
Kay Goffin, Marc van Maris, Ronald J Corbee
EPA and DHA are often used in veterinary medicine due to their beneficial effects for several medical conditions such as osteoarthritis. EPA and DHA are administered to dogs through different matrices. The aim of the present study was to determine the effects on the plasma levels in dogs caused by various matrices for EPA and DHA administration. In this study, three different n-3 PUFA formulations were used: soft chew tablet (CCx); liquid fish oil (LFO); and enriched kibbles (EK). The formulations were administered single-dose and compared in a randomised, cross-over designed study with a 1-week wash-out period...
2017: Journal of Nutritional Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146176/neosaxitoxin-a-paralytic-shellfish-poison-toxin-effectively-manages-bucked-shins-pain-as-a-local-long-acting-pain-blocker-in-an-equine-model
#10
Gricel Riquelme, Joaquín M Sepúlveda, Zaki Al Ghumgham, Miguel Del Campo, Cecilia Montero, Nestor Lagos
Local anesthesia is an effective method to control pain. Neosaxitoxin is a phycotoxin whose molecular mechanism includes a reversible inhibition of voltage-gated sodium channels at the axonal level, impeding nerve impulse propagation. The present study was designed to evaluate the clinical efficacy of Neosaxitoxin as a local long-acting pain blocker in horse bucked shins, and it was found to effectively control pain. While Neosaxitoxin and Gonyautoxin, another Paralytic Shellfish Poison (PSP) toxin, have been successfully used in humans as long-lasting pain blockers, this finding marks the first time a PSP has been shown to have an established effect in veterinary medicine...
November 13, 2017: Toxicon: Official Journal of the International Society on Toxinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146097/descriptive-study-of-current-therapeutic-practices-clinical-reproductive-findings-and-incidence-of-pregnancy-loss-in-intensively-managed-thoroughbred-mares
#11
B V Rose, M Firth, B Morris, J M Roach, D C Wathes, K L P Verheyen, A M de Mestre
Therapeutic practices in equine reproductive medicine have dramatically evolved over the last 20 years but current usage is not described. The aims of this study were to provide a description of medication use and clinical findings of reproductive examinations alongside measures of reproductive efficiency in thoroughbreds. A prospective cohort study was conducted in the 2013 and 2014 breeding seasons. Mare and stallion details, information on veterinary interventions and findings of reproductive ultrasound scans were collected using questionnaires and entered into a custom-designed Microsoft Access database...
November 10, 2017: Animal Reproduction Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145786/cephalexin-susceptibility-breakpoint-for-veterinary-isolates-clinical-laboratory-standards-institute-revision
#12
Mark G Papich, Cindy Lindeman
The Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute (CLSI) uses cephalothin as the class representative for testing veterinary isolates for susceptibility to other first-generation cephalosporins, including cephalexin. We examined replacing cephalothin with cephalexin because cephalexin is used more often clinically. Bacterial isolates were obtained from dogs and cats from a national surveillance program. CLSI testing methods were used to determine the MIC for 4 cephalosporins used in veterinary medicine. Cephalexin clinical breakpoints for canine isolates were established by using published pharmacokinetic data and Monte Carlo simulations to calculate the probability of target attainment (PTA)...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143687/prevalence-and-epidemiology-of-canine-and-feline-heartworm-infection-in-taiwan
#13
Ta-Li Lu, Jun-Yue Wong, Ta-Lun Tan, Yong-Wei Hung
BACKGROUND: Heartworm, Dirofilaria immitis, has long been recognized in Taiwanese dogs but feline heartworm infection has been largely overlooked by veterinarians and pet owners. The main goal of this study was to determine the prevalence and epidemiology of canine and feline heartworm infection in Taiwan. METHODS: Household dogs and cats were selected from 103 veterinary hospitals in 13 cities throughout Taiwan. All animals were at least 1 year old, had received no heartworm prevention for more than 1 year, and had lived in the same city for at least 1 year...
November 9, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143657/clinical-benefits-of-incorporating-doxycycline-into-a-canine-heartworm-treatment-protocol
#14
C Thomas Nelson, Elizabeth S Myrick, Thomas A Nelson
BACKGROUND: The objective of heartworm treatment is to improve the clinical condition of the patient and to eliminate pre-cardiac, juvenile, and adult worm stages with minimal complications. Pulmonary thromboembolisms are an inevitable consequence of worm death and can result in severe pulmonary reactions and even death of the patient. To minimize these reactions, various treatment protocols involving melarsomine, the only adulticidal drug approved by the US Food and Drug Administrations (FDA), in conjunction with macrocyclic lactone heartworm preventives and glucocorticosteroids have been advocated...
November 9, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141627/in-vitro-properties-of-concentrated-canine-platelets-stored-in-two-additive-solutions-a-comparative-study
#15
N Hlavac, C S Lasta, M L Dalmolin, L A Lacerda, D de Korte, N A Marcondes, S R Terra, F B Fernandes, F H D González
BACKGROUND: Platelet transfusion therapy poses many challenges in veterinary clinical practice. Lack of readily available blood donors, short shelf-life, and inability to administer a sufficient number of platelets to meet a dog's transfusion need are the major difficulties encountered. Platelet additive solutions are already in use at American and European human blood banks, showing to be a realistic alternative. This study compares the in vitro platelet function in plasma, Composol, or SSP+ during storage for 13 days...
November 15, 2017: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140260/vaccinia-virus-natural-infections-in-brazil-the-good-the-bad-and-the-ugly
#16
REVIEW
Jaqueline Silva de Oliveira, Poliana de Oliveira Figueiredo, Galileu Barbosa Costa, Felipe Lopes de Assis, Betânia Paiva Drumond, Flávio Guimarães da Fonseca, Maurício Lacerda Nogueira, Erna Geessien Kroon, Giliane de Souza Trindade
The orthopoxviruses (OPV) comprise several emerging viruses with great importance to human and veterinary medicine, including vaccinia virus (VACV), which causes outbreaks of bovine vaccinia (BV) in South America. Historically, VACV is the most comprehensively studied virus, however, its origin and natural hosts remain unknown. VACV was the primary component of the smallpox vaccine, largely used during the smallpox eradication campaign. After smallpox was declared eradicated, the vaccination that conferred immunity to OPV was discontinued, favoring a new contingent of susceptible individuals to OPV...
November 15, 2017: Viruses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137329/development-of-a-radiolabeled-caninized-anti-egfr-antibody-for-comparative-oncology-trials
#17
Judit Fazekas-Singer, Neydher Berroterán-Infante, Christina Rami-Mark, Monika Dumanic, Miroslawa Matz, Michael Willmann, Fritz Andreae, Josef Singer, Wolfgang Wadsak, Markus Mitterhauser, Erika Jensen-Jarolim
Due to large homology of human and canine EGFR, dogs suffering from spontaneous EGFR+ cancer can be considered as ideal translational models. Thereby, novel immunotherapeutic compounds can be developed for both human and veterinary patients. This study describes the radiolabeling of a canine anti-EGFR IgG antibody (can225IgG) with potential diagnostic and therapeutic value in comparative clinical settings. Can225IgG was functionalized with DTPA for subsequent chelation with the radionuclide (99m)Tc. Successful coupling of 10 DTPA molecules per antibody on average was proven by significant mass increase in MALDI-TOF spectroscopy, gel electrophoresis and immunoblots...
October 10, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132368/frequency-of-canine-nt230-del4-mdr1-mutation-in-prone-pure-breeds-their-crosses-and-mongrels-in-israel-insights-from-a-worldwide-comparative-perspective
#18
Yaron Dekel, Yossy Machluf, Aviad Stoler, Arava Aderet, Daniel Baumel, Efrat Kellerman, Yoram Plotsky, Oshrat Noked Partouche, Gal Elhalal, Izhar Ben-Shlomo, Dani Bercovich
BACKGROUND: Sensitivity to macrocyclic lactones, which are commonly used in veterinary clinics, was first found in Rough Collies, and was attributed in 2001 to a 4 bp deletion in the MDR1 gene. The list of affected breeds currently includes 13 breeds. Researchers from different countries and continents examined the allelic frequencies of the nt230(del4) MDR1 mutation, emphasizing the clinical importance of this test not only to mutation-prone dogs, but also to their crosses and mongrels, since treatment of a deletion carrier with these compounds may lead to its death...
November 13, 2017: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131675/dedifferentiated-chondrosarcoma-in-the-dog-and-cat-a-case-series-and-review-of-the-literature
#19
Arathi Vinayak, Deanna R Worley, Stephen J Withrow, Dustin S Adams, Barbara E Powers
This retrospective case series describes seven dogs and one cat diagnosed with dedifferentiated chondrosarcoma, an uncommon, aggressive variant of chondrosarcoma. The purpose of the study is to describe clinical, imaging, and histopathological findings of this tumor. Medical records and the diagnostic laboratory database at Colorado State University from 2000 to 2015 were reviewed and complete medical records were available for the eight animals in this report. Similar to what has been reported in people, poor long-term survival and high metastatic rate, particularly to the lungs, was observed in our case series...
November 13, 2017: Journal of the American Animal Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131471/the-toxicological-effects-of-some-avermectins-on-goat-liver-carbonic-anhydrase-enzyme
#20
Cuneyt Caglayan, İlhami Gulcin
Avermectins are used worldwide as antiparasitic drugs in the field of veterinary medicine and as agricultural pesticides and insecticides. Carbonic anhydrase (CA, E.C. 4.2.1.1) is a zinc-containing metalloenzyme that catalyzes the reversible hydration of carbon dioxide (CO2 ) to yield protons (H(+) ) and bicarbonate (HCO3(-) ). In this study, some avermectins, including abamectin, doramectin, eprinomectin, and moxidectin, were investigated for in vitro inhibitory effects on the CA enzyme purified from goat liver, which was purified (125...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Biochemical and Molecular Toxicology
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