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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430811/antimicrobial-resistance-in-coagulase-positive-staphylococci-isolated-from-companion-animals-in-australia-a-one-year-study
#1
Sugiyono Saputra, David Jordan, Kate A Worthing, Jacqueline M Norris, Hui S Wong, Rebecca Abraham, Darren J Trott, Sam Abraham
Methicillin-resistant coagulase-positive staphylococci (CoPS) have become increasingly recognised as opportunistic pathogens that limit therapeutic options in companion animals. The frequency of methicillin resistance amongst clinical isolates on an Australia-wide level is unknown. This study determined antimicrobial susceptibility patterns for CoPS isolated from clinical infections in companion animals (dogs, cats and horses) as part of the first nation-wide survey on antimicrobial resistance in animal pathogens in Australia for a one-year period (January 2013 to January 2014)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429403/accuracy-of-computed-tomographic-arthrography-for-assessment-of-articular-cartilage-defects-in-the-ovine-stifle
#2
Fanny Hontoir, Peter Clegg, Vincent Simon, Nathalie Kirschvink, Jean-Francois Nisolle, Jean-Michel Vandeweerd
Articular cartilage defects are one of the features of osteoarthritis in animals and humans. Early detection of cartilage defects is a challenge in clinical veterinary practice and also in translational research studies. An accurate, diagnostic imaging method would be desirable for detecting and following up lesions in specific anatomical regions of the articular surface. The current prospective experimental study aimed to describe the accuracy of computed tomographic arthrography (CTA) for detecting cartilage defects in a common animal model used for osteoarthritis research, the ovine stifle (knee, femoropatellar/femorotibial) joint...
April 20, 2017: Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428483/a-retrospective-study-of-anesthesia-for-subcutaneous-ureteral-bypass-placement-in-cats-27-cases
#3
Geneviève C Luca, Beatriz P Monteiro, Marilyn Dunn, Paulo Vm Steagall
The goals of this retrospective clinical case series study were to describe the management of anesthesia, and to report perioperative complications in cats undergoing subcutaneous ureteral bypass (SUB) placement due to ureteral obstruction. Medical records of client-owned cats with ureteral obstruction and anesthetized for SUB placement between 2012 and 2015 in a veterinary teaching hospital were reviewed. Twenty-seven cases were identified. Duration of anesthesia and surgery (mean ± standard deviation) were 215 ± 42 min and 148 ± 36 min, respectively...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427112/acute-encephalopathy-in-a-2-year-old-pot-bellied-pig-following-accidental-intoxication-with-clonazepam
#4
Emilie L Setlakwe, Amy L Johnson
OBJECTIVE: To describe a case of successful management of clonazepam toxicity causing encephalopathy in a pot-bellied pig. CASE SUMMARY: A 2-year-old female pot-bellied pig weighing 13.5 kg was presented for evaluation of clinical signs of acute encephalopathy. Based on the animal's history and clinical signs, a tentative diagnosis of benzodiazepine (BZP) intoxication was made. The results of a urinary drug screening test designed to detect illicit substances in human urine indicated benzodiazepine exposure...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421046/horses-in-denmark-are-a-reservoir-of-diverse-clones-of-methicillin-resistant-and-susceptible-staphylococcus-aureus
#5
Md Zohorul Islam, Carmen Espinosa-Gongora, Peter Damborg, Raphael N Sieber, Rikke Munk, Louise Husted, Arshnee Moodley, Robert Skov, Jesper Larsen, Luca Guardabassi
Denmark is a country with high prevalence of livestock-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) clonal complex (CC) 398 in pigs. Even though pig farming is regarded as the main source of human infection or colonization with MRSA CC398, 10-15% of the human cases appear not to be linked to pigs. Following the recent reports of MRSA CC398 in horses in other European countries and the lack of knowledge on S. aureus carriage in this animal species, we carried out a study to investigate whether horses constitute a reservoir of MRSA CC398 in Denmark, and to gain knowledge on the frequency and genetic diversity of S...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420386/sedation-levels-in-dogs-a-validation-study
#6
Marika C Wagner, Kent G Hecker, Daniel S J Pang
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to assess validation evidence for a sedation scale for dogs. We hypothesized that the chosen sedation scale would be unreliable when used by different raters and show poor discrimination between sedation protocols. A sedation scale (range 0-21) was used to score 62 dogs scheduled to receive sedation at two veterinary clinics in a prospective trial. Scores recorded by a single observer were used to assess internal consistency and construct validity of the scores...
April 18, 2017: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420042/determination-of-reference-intervals-of-acid-base-parameters-in-clinically-healthy-dogs
#7
Ivana Vanova-Uhrikova, Leona Rauserova-Lexmaulova, Kristina Rehakova, Peter Scheer, Jaroslav Doubek
OBJECTIVE: To establish reference intervals for traditionally- and Stewart's approach-determined acid-base parameters in a population of clinically healthy dogs. DESIGN: Prospective study (June 2011-September 2012). SETTING: Veterinary teaching hospital. ANIMALS: Two hundred twenty-four client-owned, clinically healthy dogs. INTERVENTIONS: Blood was collected from the jugular vein and the dorsal pedal artery...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417060/burden-and-predictors-of-staphylococcus-aureus-and-s-pseudintermedius-infections-among-dogs-presented-at-an-academic-veterinary-hospital-in-south-africa-2007-2012
#8
Daniel N Qekwana, James Wabwire Oguttu, Fortune Sithole, Agricola Odoi
BACKGROUND: Staphylococci are commensals of the mucosal surface and skin of humans and animals, but have been implicated in infections such as otitis externa, pyoderma, urinary tract infections and post-surgical complications. Laboratory records provide useful information to help investigate these infections. Therefore, the objective of this study was to investigate the burdens of these infections and use multinomial regression to examine the associations between various Staphylococcus infections and demographic and temporal factors among dogs admitted to an academic veterinary hospital in South Africa...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415922/host-pharmacokinetics-and-drug-accumulation-of-anthelmintics-within-target-helminth-parasites-of-ruminants
#9
A Lifschitz, C Lanusse, L Alvarez
Anthelmintic drugs require effective concentrations to be attained at the site of parasite location for a certain period to assure their efficacy. The processes of absorption, distribution, metabolism and excretion (pharmacokinetic phase) directly influence drug concentrations attained at the site of action and the resultant pharmacological effect. The aim of the current review article was to provide an overview of the relationship between the pharmacokinetic features of different anthelmintic drugs, their availability in host tissues, accumulation within target helminths and resulting therapeutic efficacy...
April 17, 2017: New Zealand Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410880/the-effect-of-user-experience-and-inflation-technique-on-endotracheal-tube-cuff-pressure-using-a-feline-airway-simulator
#10
Donna M White, José I Redondo, Alastair R Mair, Fernando Martinez-Taboada
OBJECTIVE: The effect of user experience and inflation technique on endotracheal tube cuff pressure using a feline airway simulator. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, experimental clinical study. METHODS: Participants included veterinary students at the beginning (group S1) and end (group S2) of their 2-week anaesthesia rotation and veterinary anaesthetists (group A). The feline airway simulator was designed to simulate an average size feline trachea, intubated with a 4...
February 24, 2017: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409502/the-role-of-wildlife-wild-birds-in-the-global-transmission-of-antimicrobial-resistance-genes
#11
REVIEW
Jing Wang, Zhen-Bao Ma, Zhen-Ling Zeng, Xue-Wen Yang, Ying Huang, Jian-Hua Liu
Antimicrobial resistance is an urgent global health challenge in human and veterinary medicine. Wild animals are not directly exposed to clinically relevant antibiotics; however, antibacterial resistance in wild animals has been increasingly reported worldwide in parallel to the situation in human and veterinary medicine. This underlies the complexity of bacterial resistance in wild animals and the possible interspecies transmission between humans, domestic animals, the environment, and wildlife. This review summarizes the current data on expanded-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL), AmpC β-lactamase, carbapenemase, and colistin resistance genes in Enterobacteriaceae isolates of wildlife origin...
March 18, 2017: Zoological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408779/effect-of-the-probiotic-lactobacillus-murinus-lbp2-on-clinical-parameters-of-dogs-with-distemper-associated-diarrhea
#12
Luis Delucchi, Martín Fraga, Pablo Zunino
The objective of this study was to assess the effect of the probiotic Lactobacillus murinus native strain (LbP2) on general clinical parameters of dogs with distemper-associated diarrhea. Two groups of dogs over 60 d of age with distemper and diarrhea were used in the study, which was done at the Animal Hospital of the Veterinary Faculty of the University of Uruguay, Montevideo, Uruguay. The dogs were treated orally each day for 5 d with the probiotic or with a placebo (vehicle without bacteria). Clinical parameters were assessed and scored according to a system specially designed for this study...
April 2017: Canadian Journal of Veterinary Research, Revue Canadienne de Recherche Vétérinaire
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408513/bestbets-for-vets
#13
Bobby Hyde, Marnie Brennan
BestBETs for Vets are generated by the Centre for Evidence-based Veterinary Medicine at the University of Nottingham to help answer specific questions and assist in clinical decision making. Although evidence is often limited, they aim to find, present and draw conclusions from the best available evidence, using a standardised framework. A more detailed description of how BestBETs for Vets are produced was published in a previous issue of Veterinary Record (VR, April 4, 2015, pp 354-356).
April 15, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407253/treatment-of-tibial-diaphyseal-fractures-following-plateless-tibial-tuberosity-advancement-to-manage-cranial-cruciate-disease
#14
R De Sousa, P Egan, K Parsons, S Butterworth, I Calvo, S Roch, A P Moores
OBJECTIVE: To report diaphyseal fractures of the proximal tibia following tibial tuberosity advancement without plate stabilisation for the management of cranial cruciate ligament rupture in dogs. METHODS: Members of the British Veterinary Orthopaedic Association's online discussion forum were invited to submit revision cases of tibial diaphyseal fracture following tibial tuberosity advancement without plate fixation. Data collected included signalment, surgical revision technique, pre- and postoperative revision radiographic findings, complications and veterinary assessment...
April 13, 2017: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28404997/novel-fitc-labeled-igy-antibody-fluorescence-imaging-toxoplasma-gondii-in-vitro
#15
Mehtap Sert, Rabia Cakir Koc, Yasemin Budama Kilinc
Toxoplasmosis is caused by T. gondii and can create serious health problems in humans and also worldwide economic harm. Because of the clinical and veterinary importance of toxoplasmosis, its timely and accurate diagnosis has a major impact on disease-fighting strategies. T. gondii surface antigen 1 (SAG1), an immunodominant-specific antigen, is often used as a diagnostic tool. Therefore, the aim of this study was the optimization of novel fluorescein isothiocyanate (FITC) labeling of the SAG1-specific IgY antibody to show the potential for immunofluorescence imaging of T...
April 12, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400212/susceptibility-to-18-drugs-and-multidrug-resistance-of-arcobacter-isolates-from-different-sources-within-the-czech-republic
#16
David Šilha, Marcela Pejchalová, Lucie Šilhová
OBJECTIVES: Arcobacter spp. are considered to be potential foodborne pathogens, and consumption of contaminated food containing these bacteria could endanger human and animal health. Arcobacter butzleri and Arcobacter cryaerophilus are the species most frequently isolated from food of animal origin and from other samples. The aim of this study was to evaluate the susceptibility of arcobacters isolated in the Czech Republic. No information about antibiotic susceptibility and multidrug resistance of arcobacters isolated in the Czech Republic is available in the literature before now...
April 8, 2017: Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395750/efficacy-and-safety-of-a-new-spot-on-formulation-of-selamectin-plus-sarolaner-in-the-treatment-of-naturally-occurring-flea-and-tick-infestations-in-cats-presented-as-veterinary-patients-in-europe
#17
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Thomas Geurden, Csilla Becskei, Robert Farkas, Dan Lin, Douglas Rugg
Two randomised, blinded, multi-centre field studies were conducted in Europe (Germany, Italy, France, Hungary) to demonstrate the efficacy and safety of three monthly applications of a new spot-on formulation of selamectin plus sarolaner (Stronghold(®) Plus, Zoetis) against natural flea or tick infestations in cats presented as veterinary patients. The spot-on formulation was administered at the commercial dose range of 6.0-12.0mg selamectin and 1.0-2.0mg sarolaner per kg bodyweight. In the flea study, the improvement in clinical signs associated with flea allergy dermatitis (FAD) was also monitored...
April 2017: Veterinary Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394404/comparing-immediate-type-food-allergy-in-humans-and-companion-animals-revealing-unmet-needs
#18
I Pali-Schöll, M De Lucia, H Jackson, J Janda, R S Mueller, E Jensen-Jarolim
Adverse food reactions occur in human as well as veterinary patients and systematic comparison may lead to improved recommendations for prevention and treatment in both. In this position paper, we summarize the current knowledge on immediate type food allergy versus other food-adverse reactions in companion animals, and compare this to the human situation. While the prevalence of food allergy in humans has been well studied for some allergens, this remains to be investigated for animal patients, where owner-reported as well as veterinarian-diagnosed food adverse reactions are on the increase...
April 10, 2017: Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391631/estimates-of-heritability-of-atrial-fibrillation-in-the-standardbred-racehorse
#19
M Kraus, P W Physick-Sheard, L F Brito, F S Schenkel
BACKGROUND: The number of Standardbred racehorses admitted to the Ontario Veterinary College Teaching Hospital (OVCTH, Guelph, Canada) for treatment of atrial fibrillation (AF) has been on the rise since the early 1990s. A small number of sires have been contributing to a large proportion of cases, indicating there may be a genetic predisposition to the arrhythmia in this breed. OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study were to determine the heritability of AF in Standardbred horses and whether heritability of the arrhythmia differs across gaits and/or sexes...
April 9, 2017: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390062/outcome-of-laparoscopic-adrenalectomy-for-resection-of-unilateral-noninvasive-adrenocortical-tumors-in-11-cats
#20
Jeffrey W Mitchell, Philipp D Mayhew, William T N Culp, J Brad Case, Ameet Singh, Mark C Fuller, Ann Della Maggiore
OBJECTIVE: To describe the technique and outcomes of laparoscopic adrenalectomy (LA) in cats with adrenocortical neoplasia. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case series. ANIMALS: Eleven client-owned cats with unilateral adrenal tumors. METHODS: Medical records of cats that underwent LA for unilateral functional adrenal tumors at 3 veterinary teaching hospitals were reviewed. Data collected included signalment, clinical signs, physical examination findings, diagnostic imaging results, preoperative laboratory tests, laparoscopic port placement and techniques, duration of anesthesia and surgery, complications, concomitant procedures, need for conversion to an open celiotomy, histopathological diagnosis, and postoperative survival...
April 8, 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
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