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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813173/development-of-a-dermatology-diagnostic-techniques-teaching-session-a-nine-step-approach
#1
Robin M Farrell, Linda G Shell
Creating effective learning experiences for veterinary clinical skills and procedures can be a challenging task. Drawing from both medical and veterinary education literature and personal experiences as practicing veterinarians and educators, the authors share nine key steps that describe the development process of a pre-clinical veterinary clinical skills teaching session. Relevant research and pedagogical principles supporting the effectiveness of the proposed nine-step process were identified and discussed...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813172/rabbit-neutering-in-primary-care-education-insights-from-a-surgical-clinic
#2
Livia Benato, Jennifer Hammond
Involvement in canine and feline surgical neutering clinics is generally considered to be a key element of primary-care veterinary education, yet opportunities for veterinary students to develop their surgical skills with rabbit patients are uncommon. This is despite the fact that rabbits are currently estimated to be the third-most popular companion animal species and the fact that the British Small Animal Veterinary Association (BSAVA) recommends that all non-breeding rabbits be neutered soon after they attain sexual maturity...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809631/-comparison-between-the-range-of-movement-canine-real-cervical-spine-and-numerical-simulation-computer-model-validation
#3
R Srnec, Z Horák, R Sedláček, M Sedlinská, M Krbec, A Nečas
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY In developing new or modifying the existing surgical treatment methods of spine conditions an integral part of ex vivo experiments is the assessment of mechanical, kinematic and dynamic properties of created constructions. The aim of the study is to create an appropriately validated numerical model of canine cervical spine in order to obtain a tool for basic research to be applied in cervical spine surgeries. For this purpose, canine is a suitable model due to the occurrence of similar cervical spine conditions in some breeds of dogs and in humans...
2017: Acta Chirurgiae Orthopaedicae et Traumatologiae Cechoslovaca
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807033/sponsorship-bias-and-quality-of-randomised-controlled-trials-in-veterinary-medicine
#4
K J Wareham, R M Hyde, D Grindlay, M L Brennan, R S Dean
BACKGROUND: Randomised controlled trials (RCTs) are considered the gold standard form of evidence for assessing treatment efficacy, but many factors can influence their reliability including methodological quality, reporting quality and funding source. The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between funding source and positive outcome reporting in veterinary RCTs published in 2011 and to assess the risk of bias in the RCTs identified. METHODS: A structured search of PubMed was used to identify feline, canine, equine, bovine and ovine clinical trials examining the efficacy of pharmaceutical interventions published in 2011...
August 14, 2017: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806492/evaluation-of-gastric-and-bladder-tonometry-as-indicators-of-tissue-perfusion-in-induced-hypotension-in-dogs
#5
Juan Morgaz, Lidia Espigares-Rodríguez, Pilar Muñoz-Rascón, Rocío Navarrete, Jose Andrés Fernández-Sarmiento, María Del Mar Granados Machuca
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the use of gastric (PgCO2 ) and bladder (PbCO2 ) tonometry for assessing tissue hypoperfusion in dogs during sevoflurane-induced hypotension, and to compare these measurements with delivery of oxygen, arterial oxygen content, and plasma lactate concentration. DESIGN: Prospective experimental trial. SETTING: University veterinary teaching hospital. ANIMALS: Fourteen adult Beagle dogs. INTERVENTIONS: Anesthetic induction was performed by mask with sevoflurane and oxygen...
August 14, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805633/of-phlebotomines-sandflies-and-viruses-a-comprehensive-perspective-on-a-complex-situation
#6
REVIEW
Nazli Ayhan, Remi N Charrel
Old World sandfly-borne phleboviruses are classified into three serological complexes: Sandfly fever Sicilian, Sandfly fever Naples and Salehabad. Human pathogens (febrile illness ['sandfly fever'], neuroinvasive infections) belong to the two first complexes. The increasing number of newly discovered sandfly-borne phleboviruses raises concerns about their medical and veterinary importance. They occupy a wide geographic area from Mediterranean basin to North Africa and the Middle East to the central Asia. At least nine species of sandflies can transmit these viruses...
August 2017: Current Opinion in Insect Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804709/exploring-animal-models-that-resemble-idiopathic-pulmonary-fibrosis
#7
REVIEW
Jun Tashiro, Gustavo A Rubio, Andrew H Limper, Kurt Williams, Sharon J Elliot, Ioanna Ninou, Vassilis Aidinis, Argyrios Tzouvelekis, Marilyn K Glassberg
Large multicenter clinical trials have led to two recently approved drugs for patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF); yet, both of these therapies only slow disease progression and do not provide a definitive cure. Traditionally, preclinical trials have utilized mouse models of bleomycin (BLM)-induced pulmonary fibrosis-though several limitations prevent direct translation to human IPF. Spontaneous pulmonary fibrosis occurs in other animal species, including dogs, horses, donkeys, and cats. While the fibrotic lungs of these animals share many characteristics with lungs of patients with IPF, current veterinary classifications of fibrotic lung disease are not entirely equivalent...
2017: Frontiers in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802138/inhibition-of-bioenergetic-metabolism-by-the-combination-of-metformin-and-2-deoxyglucose-highly-decreases-viability-of-feline-mammary-carcinoma-cells
#8
María Florencia Arbe, Chiara Fondello, Lucrecia Agnetti, Gabriel Martín Álvarez, Matías Nicolás Tellado, Gerardo Claudio Glikin, Liliana María Elena Finocchiaro, Marcela Solange Villaverde
Feline mammary carcinoma (FMC) is a highly aggressive pathology that has been proposed as an interesting model of breast cancer disease, especially for the hormone refractory subgroup. Recently, cancer cell metabolism has been described as a hallmark of cancer cells. Here, we investigate the effects and mechanism of metabolic modulation by metformin (MET, anti-diabetic drug), 2-deoxyglucose (2DG, hexokinase inhibitor) or a combination of both drugs, MET/2DG on two established FMC cells lines: AlRB (HER2 (3+) and Ki67<5%) and AlRATN (HER2 (-) and Ki67>15%)...
August 3, 2017: Research in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801497/veterinary-student-competence-in-equine-lameness-recognition-and-assessment-a-mixed-methods-study
#9
Sandra D Starke, Stephen A May
The development of perceptual skills is an important aspect of veterinary education. The authors investigated veterinary student competency in lameness evaluation at two stages, before (third year) and during (fourth/fifth year) clinical rotations. Students evaluated horses in videos, where horses were presented during trot on a straight line and in circles. Eye-tracking data were recorded during assessment on the straight line to follow student gaze. On completing the task, students filled in a structured questionnaire...
August 12, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799187/safety-evaluation-of-combination-carboplatin-and-toceranib-phosphate-palladia-in-tumour-bearing-dogs-a-phase-i-dose-finding-study
#10
R M Wouda, S E Hocker, M L Higginbotham
Combining conventional cytotoxic maximum tolerated dose (MTD) chemotherapy with low-dose metronomic and/or anti-angiogenic agents is a exciting area of oncologic research. The objective of this study was to establish the MTD, safety and adverse event (AE) profile of 1 such drug combination. This prospective phase I dose-finding clinical trial assumed an open-label 3 + 3 cohort design. Client-owned dogs with 1 or more cytologically and/or histologically confirmed and macroscopically measurable, naive or recurrent, malignant tumours, were enrolled...
August 10, 2017: Veterinary and Comparative Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798293/cross-species-transmission-potential-between-wild-pigs-livestock-poultry-wildlife-and-humans-implications-for-disease-risk-management-in-north-america
#11
Ryan S Miller, Steven J Sweeney, Chris Slootmaker, Daniel A Grear, Paul A Di Salvo, Deborah Kiser, Stephanie A Shwiff
Cross-species disease transmission between wildlife, domestic animals and humans is an increasing threat to public and veterinary health. Wild pigs are increasingly a potential veterinary and public health threat. Here we investigate 84 pathogens and the host species most at risk for transmission with wild pigs using a network approach. We assess the risk to agricultural and human health by evaluating the status of these pathogens and the co-occurrence of wild pigs, agriculture and humans. We identified 34 (87%) OIE listed swine pathogens that cause clinical disease in livestock, poultry, wildlife, and humans...
August 10, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796907/likelihood-of-pregnancy-after-embryo-transfer-is-reduced-in-recipient-mares-with-a-short-preceding-oestrus
#12
J Cuervo-Arango, A N Claes, M Ruijter-Villani, T A Stout
BACKGROUND: Previous surveys reported a positive association between the length of the follicular phase and subsequent fertility in embryo transfer donor and Thoroughbred mares. However, it is unclear whether a longer oestrus positively influences fertilisation and oviductal development (oocyte quality, oviductal environment), or uterine receptivity and survival of the embryo in the uterus. OBJECTIVES: To determine the effect of length of oestrus (characterised by duration of endometrial oedema) on likelihood of pregnancy and early embryo loss (EEL) in recipient mares after embryo transfer (ET)...
August 10, 2017: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796429/comparison-of-time-to-obtain-intraosseous-versus-jugular-venous-catheterization-on-canine-cadavers
#13
Alison R Allukian, Amanda L Abelson, Jonathan Babyak, Elizabeth A Rozanski
OBJECTIVE: To compare the time required and the success rate of personnel with 4 different levels of experience to place a humeral intraosseous (IO) catheter versus a jugular venous catheter (IV) in cadaver dogs. DESIGN: Prospective study. SETTING: Veterinary university teaching hospital. INTERVENTIONS: Canine cadavers from recently euthanized dogs were obtained from the cadaver donation program between May and December 2014...
August 10, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795905/challenges-in-preparing-veterinarians-for-global-animal-health-understanding-the-public-sector
#14
Paul J Hollier, Kaylee A Quinn, Corrie C Brown
Understanding of global systems is essential for veterinarians seeking to work in realms outside of their national domain. In the global system, emphasis remains on the public sector, and the current curricular emphasis in developed countries is on private clinical practice for the domestic employment market. There is a resulting lack of competency at graduation for effective engagement internationally. The World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) has created standards for public sector operations in animal health, which must be functional to allow for sustainable development...
August 10, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795086/data-from-a-survey-of-clostridium-perfringens-and-clostridium-difficile-shedding-by-dogs-and-cats-in-the-madrid-region-spain-including-phenotypic-and-genetic-characteristics-of-recovered-isolates
#15
Sergio Álvarez-Pérez, José L Blanco, Celine Harmanus, Ed J Kuijper, Marta E García
This article contains information related to a recent survey of the prevalence of fecal shedding of Clostridium perfringens and C. difficile by dogs and cats attended in veterinary clinics located in the Madrid region (Spain). Specifically, we provide detailed information about the clinics that participated in the survey, the demographic and clinic characteristics of recruited animals and the genetic and phenotypic characteristics (including antimicrobial susceptibility data), of recovered bacterial isolates...
October 2017: Data in Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28781033/evidence-based-advances-in-ferret-medicine
#16
REVIEW
Minh Huynh, Lucile Chassang, Graham Zoller
This literature review covers approximately 35 years of veterinary medicine. This article develops the current state of knowledge in pet ferret medicine regarding the most common diseases according to evidence-based data and gives insight into further axis of research. Literature review was conducted through identification of keywords (title + ferret) with Web-based database searching. To appreciate the methodological quality and the level of evidence of each article included in the review, full-text versions were reviewed and questions addressed in the articles were formulated...
September 2017: Veterinary Clinics of North America. Exotic Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774941/transmission-of-mycobacterium-xenopi-to-a-pet-albino-ferret-mustela-putorius-furo-from-a-domestic-aquarium
#17
Natasha Davendralingam, Indran Davagnanam, Mark Frederick Stidworthy, Vicki Baldrey, Laureen Michele Peters, Nadene Stapleton
A three-year-old ferret presented with a three-month history of rapid clinical deterioration necessitating euthanasia shortly after initial veterinary assessment. Postmortem PCR testing confirmed Mycobacterium xenopi which is most commonly identified in amphibians, reptiles and aquatic life. Infection of a captive-bred domestic ferret is highly unusual. A collaborative effort involving medical doctors, clinical veterinarians and veterinary pathologists investigated the potential sources of human-animal, animal-animal and environmental-animal M xenopi transmission...
August 3, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770095/demography-and-disorders-of-german-shepherd-dogs-under-primary-veterinary-care-in-the-uk
#18
Dan G O'Neill, Noel R Coulson, David B Church, Dave C Brodbelt
BACKGROUND: The German Shepherd Dog (GSD) has been widely used for a variety of working roles. However, concerns for the health and welfare of the GSD have been widely aired and there is evidence that breed numbers are now in decline in the UK. Accurate demographic and disorder data could assist with breeding and clinical prioritisation. The VetCompass(TM) Programme collects clinical data on dogs under primary veterinary care in the UK. This study included all VetCompass(TM) dogs under veterinary care during 2013...
2017: Canine Genetics and Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765817/allergen-specific-intralymphatic-immunotherapy-in-human-and-animal-studies
#19
REVIEW
Seon Tae Kim, So Hyun Park, Sang Min Lee, Sang Pyo Lee
Clinical trials of intralymphatic immunotherapy (ILIT) have been performed to overcome the limitations of long-term therapy and the local or systemic hypersensitivity reactions in conventional allergen-specific immunotherapy, including subcutaneous or sublingual immunotherapy. Additionally, several animal studies of ILIT have been conducted in the form of translational or veterinary research. We conducted a literature review to examine the treatment efficacy and adverse effects of ILIT.
July 2017: Asia Pacific Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763526/bacterial-recovery-using-sonication-versus-swabbing-of-titanium-and-stainless-steel-implants-inoculated-with-staphylococcus-pseudintermedius-or-pseudomonas-aeruginosa
#20
Thomas Keeshen, Thomas P Keeshen, J Brad Case, James F Wellehan, Mauricio Dujowich
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the use of sonication to improve recovery of bacteria from metal discs infected with bacteria commonly associated with implant infections in veterinary medicine. METHODS: In vitro study in which sterile titanium (Ti6Al4V) and stainless steel (AIS1316-L) discs were incubated with either Staphylococcus pseudintermedius or Pseudomonas aeruginosa for 24 hours. The following three groups were compared: 1) the sonication group involved immersing the discs in sterile saline and sonicating for five minutes; 2) the sham group was considered a negative control in which the discs were immersed in saline for five minutes without sonication; and 3) the swab group involved systematically swabbing the implant with a sterile culturette...
August 1, 2017: Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology: V.C.O.T
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