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Yang Liu, Feng Li, Haidong Yang, Jing Li, Ping Ma, Yan Zhu, Jiantai Ma
There is a vital need to explore highly-efficient and stable nonprecious-metal catalysts for oxygen evolution reaction (OER) to reduce the overpotential and further improve the energy conversion efficiency. Herein, we report a unique and cost-effective lyophilized and thermal two step procedure to synthesize high-performance CoFe alloy nanoparticles embedded in N-doped carbon nanosheets interspersed with carbon nanotubes (CoFe-N-CN/CNTs) hybrid. The lyophilization step during catalysts preparation is beneficial to uniform the dispersion of carbon-like precursors and avoid the agglomeration of metal particles...
May 22, 2018: ChemSusChem
Shivaram Arunachalam, Anubha A Gupta, Ricardo Izquierdo, Frederic Nabki
A room temperature microfabrication technique using SU8, an epoxy-based highly functional photoresist as a sacrificial layer, is developed to obtain suspended aligned carbon nanotube beams. The humidity-sensing characteristics of aligned suspended single-walled carbon nanotube films are studied. A comparative study between suspended and non-suspended architectures is done by recording the resistance change in the nanotubes under humidity. For the tests, the humidity was varied from 15% to 98% RH. A comparative study between suspended and non-suspended devices shows that the response and recovery times of the suspended devices was found to be almost 3 times shorter than the non-suspended devices...
May 22, 2018: Sensors
Ti-Wei Chen, Zhong-Qiu Li, Kang Wang, Feng-Bin Wang, Xing-Hua Xia
A novel and efficient photochemical method has been proposed for the encapsulation of Prussian blue nanoparticles (PBNPs) inside the channels of carbon nanotubes (PB-in-CNTs) in an acidic ferrocyanide solution under UV/Vis illumination and the confinement effect of CNTs on the electrochemical properties of PBNPs is systematically explored. PB-in-CNTs shows a faster electron transfer process, an enhanced electrocatalytic activity toward the reduction of H2O2 and an increased anti-base ability compared to PBNPs loaded outside of CNTs (PB-out-CNTs)...
May 22, 2018: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
Yatao Zhang, Yijia Shen, Jingwei Hou, Yiming Zhang, Winny Fam, Jindun Liu, Thomas D Bennett, Vicki Chen
Block copolymer materials have been considered as promising candidates to fabricate gas separation membranes. This microphase separation affects the polymer chain packing density and molecular separation efficiency. Here we demonstrate a method to template microphase separation within a thin composite Pebax membrane, through the controllable self-assembly of one-dimensional halloysite nanotubes (HNTs) within the thin film via solution casting technique. Crystallisation of the polyamide component is induced at the HNT surface, guiding subsequent crystal growth around the tubular structure...
May 22, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Binghao Wang, Wei Huang, Lifeng Chi, Mohammed Al-Hashimi, Tobin J Marks, Antonio Facchetti
Recent advances in flexible and stretchable electronics (FSE), a technology diverging from the conventional rigid silicon technology, have stimulated fundamental scientific and technological research efforts. FSE aims at enabling disruptive applications such as flexible displays, wearable sensors, printed RFID tags on packaging, electronics on skin/organs, and Internet-of-things as well as possibly reducing the cost of electronic device fabrication. Thus, the key materials components of electronics, the semiconductor, the dielectric, and the conductor as well as the passive (substrate, planarization, passivation, and encapsulation layers) must exhibit electrical performance and mechanical properties compatible with FSE components and products...
May 22, 2018: Chemical Reviews
Yadong Zhang, Yuzhen Liu, Zhaoshun Meng, Cai Ning, Chuanyun Xiao, Kaiming Deng, Purusottam Jena, Ruifeng Lu
To date, most studies of heterogeneous catalysis have focused on metal particles supported on the surface of substrates. However, studies of the catalytic properties of metallic nanoparticles supported on the interior surface of nanotubes are rare. Using first-principles calculations based on density functional theory, we have studied the CO oxidation on a single nickel atom confined in a nitrogen vacancy on the inside surface of boron nitride nanotubes (BNNT). By exploring the Eley-Rideal mechanism, we find that an Ni atom embedded on the interior surface of BNNTs exhibits a much higher catalytic activity for CO oxidation when compared with Ni doped on their outside surface...
May 22, 2018: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
Zhenyi Wang, Zhangxin Wang, Shihong Lin, Huile Jin, Shoujian Gao, Yuzhang Zhu, Jian Jin
Nanofiltration (NF) membranes with ultrahigh permeance and high rejection are highly beneficial for efficient desalination and wastewater treatment. Improving water permeance while maintaining the high rejection of state-of-the-art thin film composite (TFC) NF membranes remains a great challenge. Herein, we report the fabrication of a TFC NF membrane with a crumpled polyamide (PA) layer via interfacial polymerization on a single-walled carbon nanotubes/polyether sulfone composite support loaded with nanoparticles as a sacrificial templating material, using metal-organic framework nanoparticles (ZIF-8) as an example...
May 21, 2018: Nature Communications
Xia Wang, Wan-Ru Sheng, Xiao-Yun Jiao, Ru-Song Zhao, Ming-Lin Wang, Jin-Ming Lin
Metal-organic nanotubes (MONTs) have great potential for solid phase microextraction (SPME) on account of high specific surface area, tunable pore sizes, and exceptional thermal and chemical stability. In this work, zinc (II)-based metal-organic nanotubes (Zn-MONTs) were used as an adsorbent for the SPME of nitro-polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (NPAHs) at trace levels from environmental water samples. Gas chromatography-mass spectrometry was used for sample analysis and key factors were investigated and optimized...
August 15, 2018: Talanta
Cristina Ocaña, Natalia Abramova, Andrey Bratov, Tom Lindfors, Johan Bobacka
We report here the fabrication of solid-contact calcium-selective electrodes (Ca2+ -SCISEs) made of a polyurethane acrylate ion-selective membrane (ISM) that was covalently attached to the underlying ion-to-electron transducer (solid-contact). Methacrylate-functionalized poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) (Meth-PEDOT) and Meth-PEDOT films containing either multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNT) or carboxylated MWCNT (cMWCNT) were used as solid contacts. The solid contacts were deposited by drop-casting on screen-printed electrodes and characterized by cyclic voltammetry (CV), electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) and potentiometry...
August 15, 2018: Talanta
Xinhe Liu, Miaomiao Ran, Guoan Liu, Xiuhui Liu, Zhonghua Xue, Xiaoquan Lu
Here, we report a nanocomposite composed of silver nanoparticles and multi-walled carbon nanotubes (AgNPs/MWNTs) utilized as an efficient electrode material for sensitive detection superoxide anion (O2 •- ). The procedure to synthesize AgNPs/MWNTs nanocomposites was green and facile. In the presence of functionalized multi-wall carbon nanotubes (MWNTs), silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) were in situ generated by chemical reduction of silver nitrate with glucose as a reducing and stabilizing agent to give the desired AgNPs/MWNTs nanocomposites...
August 15, 2018: Talanta
Ryosuke Senga, Thomas Pichler, Yohei Yomogida, Takeshi Tanaka, Hiromichi Kataura, Kazutomo Suenaga
Measurements of optical properties at a nanometer level are of central importance for the characterization of optoelectronic devices. It is, however, difficult for conventional light-probe measurements to determine the local optical properties from a single quantum object with nanometrical inhomogeneity. Here, we successfully measured the optical gap transitions of an individual semiconducting carbon nanotube with defects by using a monochromated electron source as a probe. The optical conductivity extracted from an electron energy-loss spectrum for a certain type of defect presents a characteristic modification near the lowest excitation peak (E11) where excitons and nonradiative transitions, as well as phonon-coupled excitations, are strongly involved...
May 22, 2018: Nano Letters
Falan Li, Yemin Guo, Xiangyou Wang, Xia Sun
A dual-target electrochemical aptasensor was developed for the simultaneous detection of multiple antibiotics based on metal ions as signal tracers and nanocomposites as signal amplification strategy. Metal ions such as Cd2+ and Pb2+ could generate distinct differential pulse voltammetry (DPV) peaks. When targets were present, kanamycin (KAN) and streptomycin (STR) as models, the KAN aptamer (KAP) and STR aptamer (STP) were released from their complementary strands, with more change of Cd2+ and Pb2+ corresponding to peak currents...
April 13, 2018: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
Misaki Ota, Yuichiro Hirota, Yoshiaki Uchida, Yasuhiro Sakamoto, Norikazu Nishiyama
Carbon dioxide (CO2 ) capture and storage (CCS) technologies have been attracted attention in terms of tackling with global warming. To date, various CO2 capture technologies including solvents, membranes, cryogenics and solid adsorbents have been proposed. Currently, a liquid adsorption method for CO2 using amine solution (monoethanolamine) has been practically used. However, this liquid phase CO2 adsorption process requires heat regeneration, and it can cause many problems such as corrosion of equipment and degradation of the solution...
May 21, 2018: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
Koji Miki, Kenzo Saiki, Tomokazu Umeyama, Jinseok Baek, Takeru Noda, Hiroshi Imahori, Yuta Sato, Kazu Suenaga, Kouichi Ohe
Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) interlocked by cyclic compounds through supramolecular interaction are promising rotaxane-like materials applicable as 2D and 3D networks of nanowires and disease-specific theranostic agents having multifunctionalities. Supramolecular complexation of CNTs with cyclic compounds in a "ring toss'' manner is a straightforward method to prepare interlocked CNTs; however, to date, this has not been reported on. Here, the "ring toss" method to prepare interlocked CNTs by using π-conjugated carbon nanorings: [8]-, [9]-, and [10]cycloparaphenyleneacetylene (CPPA) is reported...
May 21, 2018: Small
Tanyuan Wang, Gyutae Nam, Yue Jin, Xingyu Wang, Pengju Ren, Min Gyu Kim, Jiashun Liang, Xiaodong Wen, Haeseong Jang, Jiantao Han, Yunhui Huang, Qing Li, Jaephil Cho
A facile H2 O2 oxidation treatment to tune the properties of metal disulfides for oxygen evolution reaction (OER) activity enhancement is introduced. With this method, the degree of oxidation can be readily controlled and the effect of surface S residues in the resulted metal (oxy)hydroxides for the OER is revealed for the first time. The developed NiFe (oxy)hydroxide catalyst with residual S demonstrates an extraordinarily low OER overpotential of 190 mV at the current density of 10 mA cm-2 after coupling with carbon nanotubes, and outstanding performance in Zn-air battery tests...
May 21, 2018: Advanced Materials
Laura Scalfi, Guillaume Fraux, Anne Boutin, François-Xavier Coudert
We have studied the properties of water adsorbed inside nanotubes of hydrophilic imogolite, an aluminium silicate clay mineral, by means of molecular simulations. We used a classical force field to describe the water and the flexible imogolite nanotube, and validated it against data obtained from first-principles molecular dynamics. With it, we observe a strong structuration of the water confined in the nanotube, with specific adsorption sites and a distribution of hydrogen bond patterns. The combination of number of adsorption sites, their geometry and the preferential tetrahedral hydrogen bonding pattern of water leads to frustration and disorder...
May 21, 2018: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
Andrij Vasylenko, Samuel Marks, Jamie M Wynn, Paulo V C Medeiros, Quentin M Ramasse, Andrew J Morris, Jeremy Sloan, David Quigley
Nanostructuring, e.g. reduction of dimensionality in materials offers a viable route towards regulation of materials electronic and hence functional properties. Here, we present the extreme case of nanostructuring, exploiting capillarity of single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) for synthesis of the smallest possible SnTe nanowires with cross sections as small as a single atom column. We demonstrate that by choosing the appropriate diameter of a template SWCNT, we can manipulate the structure of the quasi-one-dimensional (1D) SnTe and to design electronic behaviour...
May 21, 2018: ACS Nano
Akihiro Ishii, Xiaowei He, Nicolai F Hartmann, Hidenori Machiya, Han Htoon, Stephen K Doorn, Yuichiro K Kato
Single-walled carbon nanotubes are a promising material as quantum light sources at room temperature and as nanoscale light sources for integrated photonic circuits on silicon. Here we show that integration of dopant states in carbon nanotubes and silicon microcavities can provide bright and high-purity single photon emitters on silicon photonics platform at room temperature. We perform photoluminescence spectroscopy and observe enhancement of emission from the dopant states by a factor of ∼50, and cavity-enhanced radiative decay is confirmed using time-resolved measurements, where ∼30% decrease of emission lifetime is observed...
May 21, 2018: Nano Letters
Raquel Chamorro, Leire de Juan-Fernández, Belén Nieto-Ortega, Maria J Mayoral, Santiago Casado, Luisa Ruiz-González, Emilio M Pérez, David González-Rodríguez
Due to their outstanding electronic and mechanical properties, single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) are promising nanomaterials for the future generation of optoelectronic devices and composites. However, their scarce solubility limits their application in many technologies that demand solution-processing of high-purity SWCNT samples. Although some non-covalent functionalization approaches have demonstrated their utility in extracting SWCNTs into different media, many of them produce short-lived dispersions or ultimately suffer from contamination by the dispersing agent...
May 7, 2018: Chemical Science
Predrag S Krstic, Longtao Han, Stephan Irle, Hiromi Nakai
We performed nanosecond timescale computer simulations of clusterization and agglomeration processes of boron nitride (BN) nanostructures in hot, high pressure gas, starting from eleven different atomic and molecular precursor systems containing boron, nitrogen and hydrogen at various temperatures from 1500 to 6000 K. The synthesized BN nanostructures self-assemble in the form of cages, flakes, and tubes as well as amorphous structures. The simulations facilitate the analysis of chemical dynamics and we are able to predict the optimal conditions concerning temperature and chemical precursor composition for controlling the synthesis process in a high temperature gas volume, at high pressure...
April 21, 2018: Chemical Science
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