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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728257/-eosinophilic-esophagitis-in-children-analysis-of-22-cases
#1
M F Sun, W Z Gu, K R Peng, M N Liu, X L Shu, L Q Jiang, M Z Jiang
Objective: Eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) is a chronic immune-mediated esophageal disease.The current domestic reports of EoE in children is rare.The aim of this study was to analyze the clinical features, the diagnosis and treatment advance of EoE in children by case analysis and literature review. Method: Clinical data of 22 children with EoE from January, 2011 to December, 2015 in Children's Hospital, Zhejiang University School of Medicine were recorded, retrospective analysis was performed on clinical presentation, gastroendoscopy and histopathological examination features and the treatment...
July 2, 2017: Zhonghua Er Ke za Zhi. Chinese Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716213/imaging-of-endoscopic-approaches-to-the-anterior-and-central-skull-base
#2
REVIEW
I M Schmalfuss
Sinonasal endoscopy for treatment of benign sinonasal diseases is a well-established procedure. Recent advances in endoscope technology have substantially expanded its application with many institutions now offering resection of skull base lesions and sinonasal malignancies via the endoscopic approach. Its minimally invasive nature leads to faster recovery time, better cosmetic results, and fewer complications. Unfortunately, not all lesions involving the sinonasal region and skull base are accessible to sinonasal endoscopy...
July 14, 2017: Clinical Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716173/central-compartment-atopic-disease
#3
John M DelGaudio, Patricia A Loftus, Aneeza W Hamizan, Richard J Harvey, Sarah K Wise
BACKGROUND: Isolated polypoid changes of the middle turbinate were recently reported as having a high association with inhalant allergy. A more advanced manifestation of this association may present as polypoid changes of the entire central sinonasal compartment (i.e., the middle and superior turbinates, and the posterosuperior nasal septum), while the lateral sinus mucosa remains relatively normal. OBJECTIVE: To introduce and describe this newly recognized variant of chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS), termed central compartment atopic disease (CCAD)...
July 1, 2017: American Journal of Rhinology & Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704223/activities-in-a-social-networking-based-discussion-group-by-endoscopic-retrograde-cholangiopancreatography-doctors
#4
Xiaoyu Kang, Lina Zhao, Na Liu, Xiangping Wang, Rongchun Zhang, Zhiguo Liu, Shuhui Liang, Shaowei Yao, Qin Tao, Hui Jia, Yanglin Pan, Xuegang Guo
BACKGROUND: Online social networking is increasingly being used among medical practitioners. However, few studies have evaluated its use in therapeutic endoscopy. Here, we aimed to analyze the shared topics and activities of a group of endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) doctors in a social networking-based endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography discussion group (EDG). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Six ERCP trainers working in Xijing Hospital and 48 graduated endoscopists who had finished ERCP training in the same hospital were invited to join in EDG...
July 12, 2017: European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696510/expanding-the-baveno-vi-criteria-for-the-screening-of-varices-in-patients-with-compensated-advanced-chronic-liver-disease
#5
Salvador Augustin, Mònica Pons, James B Maurice, Christophe Bureau, Horia Stefanescu, Michel Ney, Hélène Blasco, Bogdan Procopet, Emmanuel Tsochatzis, Rachel H Westbrook, Jaime Bosch, Annalisa Berzigotti, Juan G Abraldes, Joan Genescà
Patients with compensated advanced chronic liver disease (cACLD) can safely avoid screening endoscopy with a platelet count >150x10(9) cells/L and liver stiffness measurement (LSM) <20 kPa (Baveno VI criteria). However, the total number of avoided endoscopies using this rule is relatively low. We aimed at expanding the Baveno VI criteria and validating them in additional cohorts. Patients from the Anticipate cohort (499 patients with cACLD of different etiologies) were used to study the performance of different thresholds of platelets and LSM for the identification of patients at very low risk (<5%) of having varices needing treatment (VNT)...
July 11, 2017: Hepatology: Official Journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695907/overuse-of-repeat-upper-endoscopy-in-the-veterans-health-administration-a-retrospective-analysis
#6
Joel H Rubenstein, Heiko Pohl, Megan A Adams, Eve Kerr, Robert Holleman, Sandeep Vijan, Jason A Dominitz, John M Inadomi, Dawn Provenzale, Joseph Francis, Sameer D Saini
OBJECTIVES: Americans undergo ∼7 million esophagogastroduodenoscopies (EGDs) annually, and one-third of Medicare beneficiaries undergo a repeat EGD within 3 years. As many as 43% of these repeat EGDs are inappropriate. We aimed to determine the rate of repeat inappropriate EGD within the Veterans Health Administration (VHA), and identify factors associated with repeat EGD. METHODS: We conducted retrospective analyses of Veterans undergoing an index EGD at 159 VHA facilities between 1 January 2003 and 30 June 2007...
July 11, 2017: American Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695451/the-endoscopic-findings-of-the-upper-gastrointestinal-tract-in-patients-with-crohn-s-disease
#7
REVIEW
Yoshiki Nomura, Kentaro Moriichi, Mikihiro Fujiya, Toshikatsu Okumura
Crohn's disease (CD) is a type of chronic inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) associated with ulceration, and the main foci of the inflammation in CD patients are typically the terminal ileum and colon. However, in the upper gastrointestinal tract (GIT), including the esophagus, stomach and duodenum, inflammatory lesions are also detected as well, with a relatively high frequency (30-75%). Recent advances in imaging modalities, including endoscopy, have aided in the diagnosis of CD. Various lesions, including aphtha, erosion, ulcers, bamboo-joint-like appearance and notch-like appearance, are detected in the upper GI of CD patients...
August 2017: Clinical Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690452/advances-in-the-diagnosis-and-management-of-colonic-dysplasia-in-patients-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#8
Shirley Cohen-Mekelburg, Yecheskel Schneider, Stephanie Gold, Ellen Scherl, Adam Steinlauf
The prevalence of colorectal cancer (CRC) in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is estimated at 3.7%. Risk factors for CRC include more severe disease (as reflected by the extent of disease and the duration of poorly controlled disease), family history of CRC, pseudopolyps, primary sclerosing cholangitis, and male sex. In addition, both early and late onset of IBD have been shown to be risk factors in different studies. Most societal guidelines recommend initiation of surveillance colonoscopy at 8 to 10 years after IBD symptom onset, followed by subsequent surveillance in 1- to 2-year intervals...
June 2017: Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689518/colon-cancer-screening-is-it-time-yet
#9
EDITORIAL
Hadi Bhurgri, Sami Samiullah
The month of March is dedicated to Colon Cancer Awareness. Worldwide, colorectal cancer (CRC) incidence has been on the rise. It is currently the third most common cancer in men (746,000 cases, 10.0% of the total) and the second in women (614,000 cases, 9.2% of the total).1 Arecent meta-analysis reported a 61% risk reduction in CRC incidence with colonoscopy.2 Unlike screening programs for breast and prostate cancers, not only has CRC screening reduced mortality from colon cancer and detected early CRC, it has also decreased the incidence of CRC through detection and removal of pre-cancerous lesions...
June 2017: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682794/bariatric-endoscopy-state-of-the-art
#10
Vivek Kumbhari, Christine Hill, Shelby Sullivan
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review aims to present the current state of the field, highlight recent developments, and describe the clinical outcomes of these endoscopic bariatric and metabolic procedures. RECENT FINDINGS: There are an increasing number of devices and techniques that are available for the endoluminal treatment of obesity. It is now possible to offer FDA approved endoscopic therapies for patients with BMI as high as 55 kg/m. Although tremendous advances have been made, there is room for additional emphasis with regards to the metabolic improvements seen with these therapies, in addition to highlighting weight loss outcomes...
July 5, 2017: Current Opinion in Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28671054/biomedical-optical-spectroscopy-for-the-early-diagnosis-of-gastrointestinal-neoplasms
#11
Qin-Si Wan, Ting Wang, Kun-He Zhang
Gastrointestinal cancer is a leading contributor to cancer-related morbidity and mortality worldwide. Early diagnosis currently plays a key role in the prognosis of patients with gastrointestinal cancer. Despite the advances in endoscopy over the last decades, missing lesions, undersampling and incorrect sampling in biopsies, as well as invasion still result in a poor diagnostic rate of early gastrointestinal cancers. Accordingly, there is a pressing need to develop non-invasive methods for the early detection of gastrointestinal cancers...
July 2017: Tumour Biology: the Journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670239/miss-rate-of-colorectal-neoplastic-polyps-and-risk-factors-for-missed-polyps-in-consecutive-colonoscopies
#12
Nam Hee Kim, Yoon Suk Jung, Woo Shin Jeong, Hyo-Joon Yang, Soo-Kyung Park, Kyuyong Choi, Dong Il Park
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Colonoscopic polypectomy is the best diagnostic and therapeutic tool to detect and prevent colorectal neoplasms. However, previous studies have reported that 17% to 28% of colorectal polyps are missed during colonoscopy. We investigated the miss rate of neoplastic polyps and the factors associated with missed polyps from quality-adjusted consecutive colonoscopies. METHODS: We reviewed the medical records of patients who were found to have colorectal polyps at a medical examination center of the Kangbuk Samsung Hospital between March 2012 and February 2013...
July 2017: Intestinal Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658659/consideration-of-clinicopathologic-features-improves-patient-stratification-for-multimodal-treatment-of-gastric-cancer
#13
In Cho, In Gyu Kwon, Ali Guner, Taeil Son, Hyoung-Il Kim, DaeRyong Kang, Sung Hoon Noh, JoonSeok Lim, Woo Jin Hyung
Preoperative staging of gastric cancer with computed tomography alone exhibits poor diagnostic accuracy, which may lead to improper treatment decisions. We developed novel patient stratification criteria to select appropriate treatments for gastric cancer patients based on preoperative staging and clinicopathologic features. A total of 5352 consecutive patients who underwent gastrectomy for gastric cancer were evaluated. Preoperative stages were determined according to depth of invasion and nodal involvement on computed tomography...
June 22, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647353/recent-advances-in-endoscopy
#14
REVIEW
Michael B Wallace, Kenneth K Wang, Douglas G Adler, Amit Rastogi
In this narrative review, invited by the Editors of Gastroenterology, we summarize recent advances in the field of gastrointestinal endoscopy. We have chosen articles published primarily in the past 2-3 years. Although a thorough literature review was performed for each topic, the nature of the article is subjective and systematic and is based on the authors' experience and expertise regarding articles we believed were most likely to be of high clinical and scientific importance.
June 21, 2017: Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639059/safety-of-flexible-endoscopic-biopsy-of-the-pharynx-and-larynx-under-topical-anesthesia
#15
David J Wellenstein, Joey K de Witt, Henrieke W Schutte, Jimmie Honings, Frank J A van den Hoogen, Henri A M Marres, Robert P Takes, Guido B van den Broek
Recent advancements in transnasal endoscopy enable a shift in diagnostic workup of lesions in the pharynx and larynx, from an examination with biopsy under general anesthesia to an office-based examination with flexible endoscopic biopsy under topical anesthesia. Procedural complications were evaluated to assess the safety of office-based flexible endoscopic biopsy in patients with benign and malignant laryngopharyngeal lesions. Patients who underwent flexible endoscopic biopsy from 2012 to 2016 were evaluated retrospectively...
June 21, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639045/passing-the-fundamentals-of-endoscopic-surgery-fes-exam-linking-specialty-choice-and-attitudes-about-endoscopic-surgery-to-success
#16
Aimee K Gardner, Michael B Ujiki, Brian J Dunkin
INTRODUCTION: Previous work has shown that up to 30% of graduating surgery residents fail the fundamentals of endoscopic surgery (FES) exam. This study investigated the extent to which FES pass rates differ in a specific sample of individuals who have chosen a career in GI surgery and to examine the relationships between FES performance and confidence in performing flexible endoscopy. METHODS: Fellows attending the 2016 SAGES Flexible Endoscopy Course were invited to complete the FES manual skills examination...
June 21, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637650/achalasia-leading-to-diagnosis-of-adenocarcinoma-of-the-oesophagus
#17
Jonathan Segal, Ayodele Lagundoye, Martyn Carter
A 50-year-old male with a 7 month history of progressive dysphagia to solids then subsequently to liquids. He underwent a diagnostic gastroscopy which was normal. A further barium swallow suggested achalasia. He was referred to a tertiary centre, where he underwent pH and manometry studies which confirmed a diagnosis of achalasia. He was referred for a laparoscopic cardiomyotomy, and at surgery there was a suspected tumour at the gastro-oesophageal junction. A follow-up endoscopy with biopsies was normal...
June 20, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635202/palliative-treatment-of-life-threatening-hemoptysis-with-silicone-stent-insertion-in-advanced-lung-cancer
#18
Emanuela Barisione, Carlo Genova, Marco Grosso, Mercedes Pasquali, Alessandro Blanco, Raffaella Felletti, Mario Salio
Massive hemoptysis is a stressful and life-threatening event that can occur in lung cancer patients. The management of this event is usually challenging, and can involve surgery, embolization, and bronchoscopy. Unfortunately, while surgery can offer a definitive solution to hemoptysis, lung cancer patients are often excluded from this approach. On the other hand, bronchial arterial embolization rarely results in long-term control of bleeding. Endoscopy allows a skilled physician to perform mechanical tamponade or laser photocoagulation of bleeding lesions and preserve the main airways...
May 18, 2017: Monaldi Archives for Chest Disease, Archivio Monaldi Per le Malattie del Torace
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631728/acg-and-cag-clinical-guideline-management-of-dyspepsia
#19
Paul M Moayyedi, Brian E Lacy, Christopher N Andrews, Robert A Enns, Colin W Howden, Nimish Vakil
We have updated both the American College of Gastroenterology (ACG) and the Canadian Association of Gastroenterology (CAG) guidelines on dyspepsia in a joint ACG/CAG dyspepsia guideline. We suggest that patients ≥60 years of age presenting with dyspepsia are investigated with upper gastrointestinal endoscopy to exclude organic pathology. This is a conditional recommendation and patients at higher risk of malignancy (such as spending their childhood in a high risk gastric cancer country or having a positive family history) could be offered an endoscopy at a younger age...
June 20, 2017: American Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631048/celiac-disease-from-etiological-factors-to-evolving-diagnostic-approaches
#20
REVIEW
Anantdeep Kaur, Olga Shimoni, Michael Wallach
Celiac disease has advanced from a medical rarity to a highly prevalent disorder. Patients with the disease show varying degrees of chronic inflammation within the small intestine due to an aberrant immune response to the digestion of gliadin found in wheat. As a result, cytokines and antibodies are produced in celiac patients that can be used as specific biomarkers for developing diagnostic tests. This review paper describes celiac disease in terms of its etiological cause, pathological effects, current diagnostic tests based on mucosal biopsy, and the genetic basis for the disease...
June 19, 2017: Journal of Gastroenterology
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