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Advanced endoscopy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431636/systemic-air-embolism-after-endoscopy-without-vessel-injury-a-summary-of-reported-cases
#1
Peter Voigt, Stefan Schob, Sebastian Gottschling, Thomas Kahn, Alexey Surov
INTRODUCTION: Systemic air embolism (SAE) is a rare but serious complication following endoscopic procedures. It may occur with or without direct vessel injury. The aim of this work is to review cases of SAE following endoscopy without proven vessel injury. METHODS: In this systematic review PubMed database was screened for SAE following endoscopy from 1990 to 2015. Only cases without proven major vessel injury were included in the analysis. Including one case of SAE after colonoscopy from our hospital the analysis comprised 40 cases...
May 15, 2017: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429616/advanced-surgical-technique-for-invasive-fungal-sinusitis-endoscopic-orbit-sinus-combined-approach
#2
Kunihiro Nishimura, Yasuhiro Takahashi, Yuka Yamagishi, Shinya Banno, Yasue Uchida, Tohru Tanigawa, Munekazu Naito, Hirohiko Kakizaki, Hiromi Ueda, Tetsuya Ogawa
BACKGROUND: Invasive fungal sinusitis is usually associated with poor prognosis, but no clear guidelines have been established for surgical treatment. Here, we report the development and application of the endoscopic orbit-sinus combined approach (EOSCA), a novel surgical technique to approach the nasal cavity and orbit concurrently, in patients with invasive fungal sinusitis with orbital infiltration. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Two patients with invasive fungal sinusitis infiltrating the orbit underwent EOSCA...
April 21, 2017: Minimally Invasive Therapy & Allied Technologies: MITAT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427298/recent-advances-in-pediatric-gastrointestinal-endoscopy-an-overview
#3
Salvatore Oliva, Salvatore Cucchiara, Stanley Allen Cohen
Pediatric gastrointestinal endoscopy has become a fundamental component of health care for infants and children. New imaging technologies and creative extraluminal applications have brought exciting and clinically important benefits to pediatric gastrointestinal endoscopy. Areas covered: The impact of different new technologies in pediatric endoscopy and focused on improvements in mucosa visualization and the application of new noninvasive tools and procedures to avoid biopsies or surgery are reviewed. Expert commentary: Enhancement in mucosal visualization and reduction of anesthesia and biopsies are the main goals that guide the endoscopy development in pediatrics...
April 20, 2017: Expert Review of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425658/endoscopic-management-of-acute-cholangitis-as-a-result-of-common-bile-duct-stones
#4
Mohan Ramchandani, Partha Pal, D Nageshwar Reddy
Acute cholangitis is infectious disease of the biliary system and potentially can cause significant morbidity and mortality. With advances in intensive care, antibiotic therapy advances and endoscopic and other modalities of biliary drainage, mortality rates have significantly come down of late. Although most cases respond to antibiotics alone, definitive therapy is required later in most of the patients. Increased biliary pressure leads to biliovenous reflux of bacteria and purulent bile into the circulation leading to systemic inflammation and sepsis with subsequent organ dysfunction...
April 2017: Digestive Endoscopy: Official Journal of the Japan Gastroenterological Endoscopy Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421339/small-bowel-adenocarcinoma-complicating-crohn-s-disease-a-single-centre-experience-emphasizing-the-importance-of-screening-for-dysplasia
#5
Chloé Grolleau, Nicolas M Pote, Nathalie S Guedj, Magaly Zappa, Nathalie Theou-Anton, Yoram Bouhnik, Yves Panis, Dominique L Cazals-Hatem
Small bowel adenocarcinoma (SBA) complicating Crohn's disease (CD) is rare and generally found incidentally on surgical specimens. We report our experience in CD-associated SBA observed this last decade in a tertiary referral centre in order to update its incidence, clinical presentation and pathological features. All SBAs diagnosed in patients who underwent surgery for CD between 2006 and 2016 were retrospectively included. Clinico-pathological characteristics were reviewed, and follow-up was updated. SBA was diagnosed in 9 (1...
April 18, 2017: Virchows Archiv: An International Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420839/solitary-gastric-metastasis-from-a-stage-ia-serous-ovarian-carcinoma-a-case-report-with-literature-review
#6
Keishi Mizuguchi, Hiroshi Minato, Isao Yoshida, Junpei Iwadare, Kayo Kayahashi, Yuki Mitani, Kazuyoshi Watanabe
Gastric metastasis from ovarian cancer is exceptionally rare and generally occurs in advanced stages. A 71-year-old woman presented with a solitary gastric submucosal mass 8 years after the diagnosis of a stage IA ovarian serous adenocarcinoma. Endoscopy showed a tumor covered with normal gastric mucosa. Initially, a gastrointestinal stromal tumor was suspected, but biopsy revealed a histology of invasive micropapillary carcinoma, similar to the histological findings of the previously resected ovarian tumor...
2017: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418028/an-algorithm-to-predict-advanced-proximal-colorectal-neoplasia-in-chinese-asymptomatic-population
#7
Jason Liwen Huang, Ping Chen, Xiaoqin Yuan, Yunlin Wu, Harry Haoxiang Wang, Martin Chisang Wong
This study aims to develop and validate a new algorithm that incorporates distal colonoscopic findings to predict advanced proximal neoplasia (APN) in a Chinese asymptomatic population. We collected age, gender, and colonoscopic findings from a prospectively performed colonoscopy study between 2013 and 2015 in a large hospital-based endoscopy unit in Shanghai, China. Eligible subjects were allocated to a derivation group (n = 3,889) and validation group (n = 1,944) by random sampling. A new index for APN and its cut-off level were evaluated from the derivation cohort by binary logistic regression...
April 18, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413079/mexican-consensus-on-dyspepsia
#8
R Carmona-Sánchez, O Gómez-Escudero, M Zavala-Solares, M V Bielsa-Fernández, E Coss-Adame, A I Hernández-Guerrero, F Huerta-Iga, M E Icaza-Chávez, M A Lira-Pedrín, J A Lizárraga-López, A López-Colombo, A Noble-Lugo, J Pérez-Manauta, R H Raña-Garibay, J M Remes-Troche, J L Tamayo, L F Uscanga, F Zamarripa-Dorsey, M A Valdovinos Díaz, J A Velarde-Ruiz Velasco
Since the publication of the 2007 dyspepsia guidelines of the Asociación Mexicana de Gastroenterología, there have been significant advances in the knowledge of this disease. A systematic search of the literature in PubMed (01/2007 to 06/2016) was carried out to review and update the 2007 guidelines and to provide new evidence-based recommendations. All high-quality articles in Spanish and English were included. Statements were formulated and voted upon using the Delphi method. The level of evidence and strength of recommendation of each statement were established according to the GRADE system...
April 13, 2017: Revista de Gastroenterología de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408990/endoscopic-modalities-for-the-diagnosis-of-barrett-s-oesophagus
#9
REVIEW
Neel Sharma, Supriya Srivastava, Florian Kern, Wa Xian, Teh Ming, Frank McKeon, Khek Yu Ho
Barrett's oesophagus is a pre-malignant condition associated with the development of oesophageal adenocarcinoma. Currently white light endoscopy and biopsy is the mainstay diagnostic tool. Yet this approach is troubled by issues related to cumbersome biopsy sampling, biopsy sampling errors and cost. Therefore in order to overcome such adversity, there needs to be evolutionary advancement in terms of diagnosis, which should address these concerns and ideally enhance risk stratification in order to provide timely management in real time...
December 2016: United European Gastroenterology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405857/choosing-a-career-in-advanced-endoscopy-or-general-gastroenterology
#10
EDITORIAL
Patrick Koo, Victoria Yung, Anand Dutta, Souvik Sarkar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 12, 2017: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405323/the-use-of-enteral-access-for-continuous-delivery-of-levodopa-carbidopa-in-patients-with-advanced-parkinson-s-disease
#11
Julian Cheron, Jacques Deviere, Frederic Supiot, Asuncion Ballarin, Pierre Eisendrath, Emmanuel Toussaint, Vincent Huberty, Carmen Musala, Daniel Blero, Arnaud Lemmers, André Van Gossum, Marianna Arvanitakis
BACKGROUND: Continuous delivery to the jejunum of levodopa-carbidopa is a promising therapy in patients with advanced Parkinson's disease, as it reduces motor fluctuation. Percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy and jejunal tube (PEG-J) placement is a suitable option for this. However, studies focused in PEG-J management are lacking. OBJECTIVES: We report our experience regarding this technique, including technical success, adverse events and outcomes, in patients with advanced Parkinson's disease...
February 2017: United European Gastroenterology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28404071/molecular-endoscopy-for-targeted-imaging-in-the-digestive-tract
#12
REVIEW
Jeong Hoon Lee, Thomas D Wang
Endoscopy uses optical imaging methods to investigate tissue in a non-destructive manner with high resolution over a broad range of wavelengths, thus providing a powerful tool to rapidly visualise mucosal surfaces in the digestive tract. Molecular imaging is an important advancement that has been clinically demonstrated for early cancer detection and guidance of therapy. With this approach, imaging can be used to observe expression patterns of molecular targets to improve understanding of key biological mechanisms that drive disease progression...
October 2016: Lancet. Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391419/do-consultants-follow-up-on-tests-they-recommend-insights-from-an-academic-inpatient-gastrointestinal-consult-service
#13
Benjamin E Cassell, Ted Walker, Saad Alghamdi, Jason Bill, Pierre Blais, Harold Boutté, Jeffrey W Brown, Gregory S Sayuk, C Prakash Gyawali
BACKGROUND: Inpatient care is a fundamental part of gastroenterology training and involves the recommendation, performance, and interpretation of diagnostic tests. However, test results are not always communicated to patients or treating providers. We determined the process of communication of test results and recommendations in our inpatient gastroenterology (GI) consult service. METHODS: Test recommendations on 304 consecutive new GI consults (age 60.2 ± 1...
April 8, 2017: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389019/evolution-in-visualization-for-sinus-and-skull-base-surgery-from-headlight-to-endoscope
#14
REVIEW
Omar H Ahmed, Sonya Marcus, Richard A Lebowitz, Joseph B Jacobs
Rhinoscopy became a formal field of study in the mid-nineteenth century as improvements in nasal specula were made and the potent vasoconstrictive effects of cocaine on the intranasal tissues were discovered. Since then, a multitude of advances in visualization and illumination have been made. The advent of the Storz-Hopkins endoscope in the mid-twentieth century represents a culmination of efforts spanning nearly 2 centuries, and illumination has evolved concomitantly. The future of endoscopic sinus surgery may integrate developing technologies, such as 3-dimensional endoscopy, augmented reality navigation systems, and robotic endoscope holders...
April 4, 2017: Otolaryngologic Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385100/predictive-factors-for-the-migration-of-endoscopic-self-expanding-metal-stents-placed-in-the-foregut
#15
Jordan L Singer, Amir H Aryaie, Mojtaba Fayezizadeh, Jon Lash, Jeffrey M Marks
BACKGROUND: With recent advancements in endoscopy, self-expandable metal stents (SEMS) have been used to treat gastrointestinal leaks, perforations, and strictures. Stent migration frequently complicates management and often requires additional treatments to reach resolution. Our study aimed to determine predictive factors for stent migration. METHODS: Consecutive procedures involving SEMS placed with and without fixation after upper gastrointestinal surgery between 2009 and 2014 were retrospectively reviewed...
April 1, 2017: Surgical Innovation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384642/incidence-of-and-risk-factors-and-reinterventions-for-post-pancreatoduodenectomy-hemorrhage-retrospective-analysis
#16
Wei-Guo Wang, Lan Fu, Shah Ram Babu, Li Wang, Cui-Ping Liang, Bo-Le Tian
AIMS: To analyze the incidence of and risk factors for post-pancreatoduodenectomy (PD) hemorrhage (PPH) and to evaluate the outcomes of reinterventions for PPH. METHODS: All PDs between January 2009 and December 2014 were retrospectively evaluated. PPH was evaluated according to the criteria of the International Study Group of Pancreatic Surgery. Both univariate and multivariate analyses of risk factors for PPH and mortality were performed. Reinterventions were also evaluated...
April 7, 2017: Digestive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382674/diagnostic-features-of-malignancy-associated-pseudoachalasia
#17
F A Ponds, M I van Raath, S M M Mohamed, A J P M Smout, A J Bredenoord
BACKGROUND: Pseudoachalasia is a condition in which clinical and manometric signs of achalasia are mimicked by another abnormality, most often a malignancy. AIM: To identify risk factors that suggest presence of malignancy-associated pseudoachalasia. METHODS: In this retrospective cohort study, achalasia patients newly diagnosed by manometry were included. Patients with a normal initial endoscopy, clinical and manometric signs of achalasia who were afterwards found to have an underlying malignant cause were classified as pseudoachalasia...
April 6, 2017: Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382322/telemedicine-for-gastrointestinal-endoscopy-the-endoscopic-club-e-conference-in-the-asia-pacific-region
#18
Shiaw-Hooi Ho, Rungsun Rerknimitr, Kuriko Kudo, Shunta Tomimatsu, Mohamad Zahir Ahmad, Akira Aso, Dong Wan Seo, Khean-Lee Goh, Shuji Shimizu
Background and study aims An Endoscopic Club E-conference (ECE) was set up in May 2014 to cater to increased demand for gastrointestinal endoscopy-related teleconferences in the Asia-Pacific region which were traditionally organized by the medical working group (MWG) of Asia-Pacific Advanced Network. This study describes how the ECE meeting was run, examines the group dynamics, outlines feedback and analyzes factors affecting the enthusiasm of participants. It is hoped that the findings here can serve as guidance for future development of other teleconference groups...
April 2017: Endoscopy International Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374819/disease-progression-in-barrett-s-low-grade-dysplasia-with-radiofrequency-ablation-compared-with-surveillance-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#19
REVIEW
Bashar J Qumseya, Sachin Wani, Sherif Gendy, Ben Harnke, Jacques J Bergman, Herbert Wolfsen
OBJECTIVES: Barrett's esophagus (BE) is the only identifiable premalignant condition for esophageal adenocarcinoma (EAC). Management of BE with low-grade dysplasia continues to be controversial. We aimed to conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis comparing the risk of progression to high-grade dysplasia or EAC among patients with BE with low-grade dysplasia treated with radiofrequency ablation (RFA) compared with surveillance endoscopy. METHODS: Our search included Medline, Embase, and Cochrane Central, was limited to English language articles, and was last searched on 31 December 2015...
April 4, 2017: American Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369056/pulmonary-shunts-in-severe-hepatosplenic-schistosomiasis-diagnosis-by-contrast-echocardiography-and-their-relationship-with-abdominal-ultrasound-findings
#20
Liana Gonçalves-Macedo, Ana Lucia Coutinho Domingues, Edmundo Pessoa Lopes, Carlos Feitosa Luna, Vitor Gomes Mota, Mônica Moraes de Chaves Becker, Brivaldo Markman-Filho
BACKGROUND: Schistosomiasis is endemic to several parts of the world. Among the species that affect humans, Schistosoma mansoni is one of the most common causes of illness. In regions where schistosomiasis mansoni is endemic, reinfection is responsible for the emergence of hepatosplenic schistosomiasis (HSS) with portal hypertension in about 10% of infected individuals. Regardless of its etiology, portal hypertension may bring about the formation of arteriovenous fistulas and pulmonary vascular dilation, thus constituting a pulmonary shunt and its presence has been associated with the occurrence of neurological complications...
April 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
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