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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462129/hepato-renal-protective-effects-of-hydroethanolic-extract-of-senna-alata-on-enzymatic-and-nonenzymatic-antioxidant-systems-in-streptozotocin-induced-diabetic-rats
#1
Mohanasundaram Sugumar, D Victor Arokia Doss, P N Prasad Maddisetty
BACKGROUND: Oxidative stress induced tissue damage might be the major cause for diabetes mellitus and its associated complications. The management of such oxidative stress is the biggest challenge over the decade. The main objective was to analyze the protective effect of ethanolic extract of Senna alata L leaves on enzymatic and nonenzymatic antioxidant systems of hepatic and renal tissues in Streptozotocin-induced diabetes in rats. METHODS: The use of streptozotocin diabetes was induced in the experimental rats and the subsequent therapeutic effects of standard drug glibenclamide and Senna alata L were compared...
December 2016: Integr Med Res
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460776/pathophysiology-of-the-cardio-renal-syndromes-types-1-5-an-uptodate
#2
REVIEW
L Di Lullo, A Bellasi, V Barbera, D Russo, L Russo, B Di Iorio, M Cozzolino, C Ronco
According to the recent definition proposed by the Consensus conference on Acute Dialysis Quality Initiative Group, the term cardio-renal syndrome (CRS) has been used to define different clinical conditions in which heart and kidney dysfunction overlap. Type 1 CRS (acute cardio- renal syndrome) is characterized by acute worsening of cardiac function leading to AKI (5, 6) in the setting of active cardiac disease such as ADHF, while type - 2 CRS occurs in a setting of chronic heart disease. Type 3 CRS is closely link to acute kidney injury (AKI), while type 4 represent cardiovascular involvement in chronic kidney disese (CKD) patients...
March 2017: Indian Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28352230/lead-induced-hepato-renal-damage-in-male-albino-rats-and-effects-of-activated-charcoal
#3
Samuel J Offor, Herbert O C Mbagwu, Orish E Orisakwe
Lead is a multi-organ toxicant implicated in various cancers, diseases of the hepatic, renal, and reproductive systems etc. In search of cheap and readily available antidote this study has investigated the role of activated charcoal in chronic lead exposure in albino rats. Eighteen mature male albino rats were used, divided into three groups of six rats per group. Group 1 (control rats) received deionised water (10 ml/kg), group 2 was given lead acetate solution 60 mg/kg and group 3 rats were given lead acetate (60 mg/kg) followed by Activated charcoal, AC (1000 mg/kg) by oral gavage daily for 28 days...
2017: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153389/gold-nanoparticles-ameliorate-acetaminophen-induced-hepato-renal-injury-in-rats
#4
Mohd Salim Reshi, Sadhana Shrivastava, Amita Jaswal, Neelu Sinha, Chhavi Uthra, Sangeeta Shukla
Valuable effects of gold particles have been reported and used in complementary medicine for decades. The aim of this study was to evaluate the therapeutic efficacy of gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) against acetaminophen (APAP) induced toxicity. Albino rats were administered APAP at a dose of 2g/kg p.o. once only. After 24h of APAP intoxication, animals were treated with three different doses of AuNPs (50μg/kg, 100μg/kg, 150μg/kg) orally or silymarin at a dose of 50mg/kg p.o., once only. Animals of all the groups were sacrificed after 24h of last treatment...
January 30, 2017: Experimental and Toxicologic Pathology: Official Journal of the Gesellschaft Für Toxikologische Pathologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092840/suppressive-effect-of-spirulina-fusiformis-on-diclofenac-induced-hepato-renal-injury-and-gastrointestinal-ulcer-in-wistar-albino-rats-a-biochemical-and-histological-approach
#5
Jerine Peter S, Kadar Basha S, R Giridharan, Udhaya Lavinya B, Evan Prince Sabina
CONTEXT: The non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID), diclofenac causes hepato-renal toxicity and gastric ulcer. The aim of this study was to investigate the protective effect of Spirulina fusiformis on Diclofenac-induced toxicity in Wistar albino rats. METHODS: Rats were treated as follows: normal control (group I); diclofenac (50mg/kgb.w., i.p.) treated rats (group II); diclofenac-induced (50mg/kgb.w., i.p.) rats treated with Spirulina fusiformis (400mg/kgb...
April 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27981274/noninvasive-quantitative-estimation-of-hepatic-steatosis-by-ultrasound-a-comparison-of-the-hepato-renal-index-and-ultrasound-attenuation-index
#6
Heon-Ju Kwon, Kyoung Won Kim, Jin-Hee Jung, Sang Hyun Choi, Woo Kyoung Jeong, Bohyun Kim, Gi-Won Song, Sung-Gyu Lee
AIMS: To compare the accuracy of the ultrasound attenuation index (USAI) and hepato-renal index (HRI) for the diagnosis of hepatic steatosis (HS). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Two hundred and twenty-four potential living hepatic donors underwent US and subsequent US-guided liver biopsy. The USAI was calculated from US images with an 8 MHz transducer and HRI was measured on sagittal images with a clear visualization of both the liver and kidney. Using histological degrees of HS as the reference standard, we compared the performance of USAI and HRI for diagnosing HS ≥ 5% and ≥ 30% by receiver operating characteristic curve analysis...
December 5, 2016: Medical Ultrasonography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27973267/a-study-on-evaluation-of-effects-of-anti-tubercular-drugs-on-hematological-and-hepato-renal-functions-in-tuberculosis-patients
#7
S V Sagar, M Bodasu, R Pasunoori, S Adepu, S Vurumadla
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924639/similar-developmental-fluctuations-of-hepato-renal-xanthine-oxidoreductase-gene-expression-and-xanthine-oxidase-activity-in-layer-and-broiler-chicken-embryos
#8
D Naseri, K Asasi, I Karimi
1. Xanthine oxidase (XO) has many physiological functions associated with the synthesis of both antioxidant (uric acid: UA) and numerous oxidants (e.g. H2O2), which makes it an important regulator of the cellular redox potential involving organogenesis. The ontogenetic study of hepatic and renal XO makes a better understanding of the putative role of this enzyme in the development of these tissues. 2. Developmental changes of gene expression of xanthine oxidoreductase (XOR), XO activity and UA content of liver and kidney tissues in both broiler and layer chicken embryos were examined during incubation d 14-21...
April 2017: British Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863097/serum-levels-of-endocannabinoids-are-independently-associated-with-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease
#9
Shira Zelber-Sagi, Shahar Azar, Alina Nemirovski, Muriel Webb, Zamir Halpern, Oren Shibolet, Joseph Tam
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association between circulating levels of endocannabinoids (eCBs) and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). METHODS: The serum levels of the main eCBs, anandamide (AEA) and 2-arachidonoylglycerol (2-AG), and their endogenous precursor and breakdown product, arachidonic acid (AA), were analyzed by liquid chromatography/tandem mass spectrometry in 105 volunteers screened for NAFLD. Hepatic ultrasound, fasting blood tests, and anthropometrics were assessed...
January 2017: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27766197/uremic-lung-the-calcified-cauliflower-sign-in-the-end-stage-renal-disease
#10
Giuseppe Dilorenzo, Michele Telegrafo, Giuseppe Marano, Michele De Ceglie, Amato Antonio Stabile Ianora, Giuseppe Angelelli, Marco Moschetta
Metastatic pulmonary calcification (MPC) is a rare pathological condition consisting of lung calcium salt deposits which commonly occurs in patients affected by chronic kidney disease probably for some abnormalities in calcium and phosphate metabolism. CT represents the technique of choice for detecting MPC findings including ground glass opacities and partially calcified nodules or consolidations. We present a case of MCP in a patient affected by hepato-renal autosomic-dominant polycystic disease; chest CT revealed extensive lobar-segmental parenchymal calcification with a peculiar cauliflower shape which we called "calcified cauliflower" sign...
2016: Respiratory Medicine Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27709804/impaired-hepato-renal-function-defined-by-the-meld-xi-score-as-prognosticator-in-acute-heart-failure
#11
Jan Biegus, Robert Zymliński, Mateusz Sokolski, Paweł Siwołowski, Piotr Gajewski, Sylwia Nawrocka-Millward, Elżbieta Poniewierka, Ewa A Jankowska, Waldemar Banasiak, Piotr Ponikowski
AIM: Multi-organ dysfunction often complicates the natural course of acute heart failure (AHF) and identifies patients with poor prognosis. The MELD score (Model of End-Stage Liver Dysfunction) combines data reflecting liver and kidney function, which makes it a potentially useful tool for the assessment of patients with AHF. The aim of this study was to assess the prognostic utility of the MELD score in patients with AHF. METHODS AND RESULTS: The MELD score was calculated on admission and during hospital stay (days 2-3) using a formula that does not take into account the international normalized ratio (MELD XI)...
December 2016: European Journal of Heart Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27618891/sodium-glucose-cotransporter-2-sglt2-inhibitors-from-natural-products-discovery-of-next-generation-antihyperglycemic-agents
#12
REVIEW
Chang-Ik Choi
Diabetes mellitus is a chronic condition associated with the metabolic impairment of insulin actions, leading to the development of life-threatening complications. Although many kinds of oral antihyperglycemic agents with different therapeutic mechanisms have been marketed, their undesirable adverse effects, such as hypoglycemia, weight gain, and hepato-renal toxicity, have increased demand for the discovery of novel, safer antidiabetic drugs. Since the important roles of the sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) for glucose homeostasis in the kidney were recently elucidated, pharmacological inhibition of SGLT2 has been considered a promising therapeutic target for the treatment of type 2 diabetes...
August 27, 2016: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27599793/evaluation-of-hepatorenal-impairments-in-wistar-rats-coexposed-to-low-dose-lead-cadmium-and-manganese-insights-into-oxidative-stress-mechanism
#13
Olusola Olalekan Oladipo, Joseph Olusegun Ayo, Suleiman Folorunsho Ambali, Bisalla Mohammed
The study aims to evaluate effects of chronic low-dose coexposure to lead (Pb), cadmium (Cd) and manganese (Mn) on hepatorenal toxicity and oxidative stress. Young male Wistar rats were treated with Pb acetate (1.4 mg/kg BW), Cd chloride (0.01 mg/kg BW), Mn chloride (0.14 mg/kg BW) and their combination (Pb + Cd + Mn) by oral gavage, for 15 weeks. Liver enzymes, albumin (Alb), globulin (Glb), total protein, creatinine, urea and electrolyte concentrations were measured in the serum. Hepatic and renal malondialdehyde (MDA), glutathione peroxidase-1 (GPx1) and metallothionein-1 (MT1) concentrations were measured by enzyme immunoassay technique...
November 2016: Toxicology Mechanisms and Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27478612/urinary-bile-casts-in-bile-cast-nephropathy-secondary-to-severe-falciparum-malaria
#14
Manoj Kumar Mohapatra, Ashok Kumar Behera, Purna Chandra Karua, Prafulla Kumar Bariha, Ashutosh Rath, Kailash Chandra Aggrawal, Snigdha Rani Nahak, Santosh Shankar Gudaganatti
BACKGROUND: Severe cholestatic jaundice may complicate with bile cast nephropathy (BCN) causing severe acute kidney injury (AKI). In this study, we investigate BCN in severe falciparum malaria complicated with jaundice and AKI. METHODS: This prospective study was conducted in a tertiary health care institution with high prevalence of malaria. A cohort of 110 patients with falciparum malaria complicated with cerebral malaria, jaundice and AKI were enrolled. Species diagnosis was made from peripheral blood smear or rapid diagnostic test...
August 2016: Clinical Kidney Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27466988/anaesthesiological-strategies-to-improve-outcome-in-liver-transplantation-recipients
#15
V Perilli, P Aceto, T Sacco, C Modesti, P Ciocchetti, F Vitale, A Russo, G Fasano, A Dottorelli, L Sollazzi
Graft and patients survival are the main goal of anesthesiological management in patients undergoing liver transplantation (LT). Even if anesthesiological practice sustained major developments over time, some evidence-based intraoperative strategies have not yet been widely applied. The aim of this review was to summarize intraoperative anesthesiological strategies which could have the potential to improve LT graft and/or recipient survival. Monitoring must be as accurate as possible in order to manage intraoperative hemodynamic changes...
July 2016: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27449700/protective-effects-of-ethanolic-extract-of-rosemary-against-lead-induced-hepato-renal-damage-in-rabbits
#16
Wafaa A M Mohamed, Yasmina M Abd-Elhakim, Sameh M Farouk
In traditional medicine, Rosmarinus officinalis L. leaf is used as a curative herbal therapy for the treatment of several diseases. The protective effects of rosemary in toxic effects of some environmental pollutants are known. However, there is paucity of information about its protective effects on lead acetate (LD) toxicity. To assess the protection of rosemary ethanolic extracts (REE) on LD-induced hepato- and nephro-toxicity, male albino rabbits were treated with REE (30mg/kg) and/or LD (30mg LD/kg) by gavage administration for 30 days...
September 2016: Experimental and Toxicologic Pathology: Official Journal of the Gesellschaft Für Toxikologische Pathologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27348890/sublethal-concentrations-of-di-n-butyl-phthalate-promote-biochemical-changes-and-dna-damage-in-juvenile-nile-tilapia-oreochromis-niloticus
#17
Samah R Khalil, Yasser Abd Elhakim, Abd Elhakeem El-Murr
Increase in consumption of consumer items such as plasticizers have resulted in a sharp rise in the presence of xenobiotics like phthalic acid esters (PEs) in freshwater and marine environments due to contaminated runoff and improper release of effluents. The sublethal toxicity of Di-n-butyl phthalate (DBP) was investigated in juvenile Nile tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus, in an attempt to determine the biological effect of exposure to 1/2 and 1/3 median lethal concentration (96-h LC50) which, in our study was experimentally determined to be 11...
February 2016: Japanese Journal of Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27322825/protective-effect-of-morocco-carob-honey-against-lead-induced-anemia-and-hepato-renal-toxicity
#18
Aicha Fassi Fihri, Noori S Al-Waili, Redouan El-Haskoury, Meryem Bakour, Afaf Amarti, Mohammad J Ansari, Badiaa Lyoussi
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Natural honey has many biological activities including protective effect against toxic materials. The aim of this study was to evaluate the protective effect of carob honey against lead-induced hepato-renal toxicity and lead-induced anemia in rabbits. METHODS: Twenty four male rabbits were allocated into four groups six rabbits each; group 1: control group, received distilled water (0.1 ml / kg.b.wt /daily); group 2: received oral lead acetate (2 g/kg...
2016: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27244907/-the-risk-factors-of-lethal-complications-in-early-postoperative-period-in-patients-suffering-gastroesophageal-zone-malignancies
#19
Yu V Dumanskiy, V A Stepko, O V Sinyachenko
Abstract The factors, determining possibility of early postoperative morbidity occurrence in patients, suffering gastro-esophageal zone cancer, were analyzed. After radical operation performance (gastrectomy, gastric and esophageal resection) 5.7% patients died. Insufficience of the anastomosis sutures with peritonitis occurrence, an acute hepato-renal insufficience, an acute coronary syndrome, pulmonary thromboembolism, pneumonia, the brain insult, pancreonecrosis and mesenterial thrombosis constituted the main morbidities...
February 2016: Klinichna Khirurhiia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27158205/non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-is-not-associated-with-a-lower-health-perception
#20
Liat Mlynarsky, Dalit Schlesinger, Roni Lotan, Muriel Webb, Zamir Halpern, Erwin Santo, Oren Shibolet, Shira Zelber-Sagi
AIM: To examine the association between non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and general health perception. METHODS: This cross sectional and prospective follow-up study was performed on a cohort of a sub-sample of the first Israeli national health and nutrition examination survey, with no secondary liver disease or history of alcohol abuse. On the first survey, in 2003-2004, 349 participants were included. In 2009-2010 participants from the baseline survey were invited to participate in a follow-up survey...
May 7, 2016: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
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