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Nutrition assessment

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448503/etiologic-effects-and-optimal-intakes-of-foods-and-nutrients-for-risk-of-cardiovascular-diseases-and-diabetes-systematic-reviews-and-meta-analyses-from-the-nutrition-and-chronic-diseases-expert-group-nutricode
#1
Renata Micha, Masha L Shulkin, Jose L Peñalvo, Shahab Khatibzadeh, Gitanjali M Singh, Mayuree Rao, Saman Fahimi, John Powles, Dariush Mozaffarian
BACKGROUND: Dietary habits are major contributors to coronary heart disease, stroke, and diabetes. However, comprehensive evaluation of etiologic effects of dietary factors on cardiometabolic outcomes, their quantitative effects, and corresponding optimal intakes are not well-established. OBJECTIVE: To systematically review the evidence for effects of dietary factors on cardiometabolic diseases, including comprehensively assess evidence for causality; estimate magnitudes of etiologic effects; evaluate heterogeneity and potential for bias in these etiologic effects; and determine optimal population intake levels...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448460/assessing-greenhouse-gas-emissions-and-health-co-benefits-a-structured-review-of-lifestyle-related-climate-change-mitigation-strategies
#2
REVIEW
Vivian G M Quam, Joacim Rocklöv, Mikkel B M Quam, Rebekah A I Lucas
This is the first structured review to identify and summarize research on lifestyle choices that improve health and have the greatest potential to mitigate climate change. Two literature searches were conducted on: (1) active transport health co-benefits, and (2) dietary health co-benefits. Articles needed to quantify both greenhouse gas emissions and health or nutrition outcomes resulting from active transport or diet changes. A data extraction tool (PRISMA) was created for article selection and evaluation...
April 27, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448455/snacking-quality-is-associated-with-secondary-school-academic-achievement-and-the-intention-to-enroll-in-higher-education-a-cross-sectional-study-in-adolescents-from-santiago-chile
#3
Paulina Correa-Burrows, Yanina Rodríguez, Estela Blanco, Sheila Gahagan, Raquel Burrows
Although numerous studies have approached the effects of exposure to a Western diet (WD) on academic outcomes, very few have focused on foods consumed during snack times. We explored whether there is a link between nutritious snacking habits and academic achievement in high school (HS) students from Santiago, Chile. We conducted a cross-sectional study with 678 adolescents. The nutritional quality of snacks consumed by 16-year-old was assessed using a validated food frequency questionnaire. The academic outcomes measured were HS grade point average (GPA), the likelihood of HS completion, and the likelihood of taking college entrance exams...
April 27, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448090/is-it-possible-using-handgrip-strength-instead-of-body-mass-index-in-mna-sf-test-to-assess-the-nutritional-status-of-geriatric-patients
#4
M C Kizilarslanoglu, M K Kilic, D Gokce, T Sakalar, Z Ulger
INTRODUCTION: In Mini-Nutritional Assessment-Short Form (MNA-SF) test, a practical and reliable alternative parameter is still necessary for patients with difficult body mass index evaluation. We aimed to show whether or not handgrip strength may be used instead of body mass index (BMI) in MNA-SF test. MATERIALS AND METHODS: MNA-SF test scores, calf circumferences (CC), handgrip strength (HGS), and BMI of 191 patients were evaluated. The first one of calculated MNA-SF tests was with BMI, the second one with CC, and the last one with HGS...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448088/individually-tailored-dietary-counseling-among-old-home-care-clients-effects-on-nutritional-status
#5
S Pölönen, M Tiihonen, S Hartikainen, I Nykänen
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of individually tailored dietary counseling on nutritional status among home care clients aged 75 years or older. DESIGN: Non-randomised controlled study. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: The study sample consisted of 224 home care clients (≥ 75 years) (intervention group, n = 127; control group, n = 100) who were at protein-energy malnutrition (PEM) or risk of PEM (MNA score <24 and plasma albumin <35 g/L)...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446933/stress-as-a-factor-contributing-to-obesity-in-patients-qualified-for-bariatric-surgery-studies-in-a-selected-group-of-patients-a-pilot-study
#6
Iwona Boniecka, Helena Wileńska, Anna Jeznach-Steinhagen, Aneta Czerwonogrodzka-Senczyna, Marzena Sekuła, Krzysztof Paśnik
INTRODUCTION: Recently, the incidence of obesity, especially extreme obesity, has significantly increased. It is connected with inappropriate lifestyle, including a high calorie diet, psychological and genetic factors, some medications, diseases or infectious factors. Nowadays, the consumption of food is not only to satisfy a physiological need, but also fulfils psychological needs. The most effective method of morbid obesity treatment is metabolic surgery. Moreover, food is considered to be a reward and method of coping with stress...
2017: Wideochirurgia i Inne Techniki Mało Inwazyjne, Videosurgery and Other Miniinvasive Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446627/silicon-alleviates-nonalcoholic-steatohepatitis-by-reducing-apoptosis-in-aged-wistar-rats-fed-a-high-saturated-fat-high-cholesterol-diet
#7
Alba Garcimartín, M Elvira López-Oliva, Jorge A Sántos-López, Rosa A García-Fernández, Adrián Macho-González, Sara Bastida, Juana Benedí, Francisco J Sánchez-Muniz
Background: Lipoapoptosis has been identified as a key event in the progression of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), and hence, antiapoptotic agents have been recommended as a possible effective treatment for nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). Silicon, included in meat as a functional ingredient, improves lipoprotein profiles and liver antioxidant defenses in aged rats fed a high-saturated fat, high-cholesterol diet (HSHCD). However, to our knowledge, the antiapoptotic effect of this potential functional meat on the liver has never been tested...
April 26, 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446501/dietary-long-chain-fatty-acids-and-carbohydrate-biomarker-evaluation-in-a-controlled-feeding-study-in-participants-from-the-women-s-health-initiative-cohort
#8
Xiaoling Song, Ying Huang, Marian L Neuhouser, Lesley F Tinker, Mara Z Vitolins, Ross L Prentice, Johanna W Lampe
Background: Biomarkers of macronutrient intake are lacking. Controlled human feeding studies that preserve the normal variation in nutrient and food consumption are necessary for the development and validation of robust nutritional biomarkers.Objective: We aimed to assess the utility of serum phospholipid fatty acids (PLFAs) as biomarkers of dietary intakes of fatty acids, total fat, and carbohydrate.Design: We used an individualized controlled feeding study in which 153 postmenopausal women from the Women's Health Initiative (WHI) were provided with a 2-wk controlled diet that mimicked each individual's habitual food intake...
April 26, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446383/development-and-validation-of-the-parenteral-nutrition-impact-questionnaire-pniq-a-patient-centric-outcome-measure-for-home-parenteral-nutrition
#9
Jeanette Wilburn, Stephen P McKenna, Alice Heaney, Matthew Rouse, Michael Taylor, Alison Culkin, Simon Gabe, Sorrel Burden, Simon Lal
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Patients with Type 3 Intestinal Failure (IF) who need Home Parenteral Nutrition (HPN) face several clinical, psychological and social problems. The study was designed to produce and test the first patient-centric measure for HPN ('PNIQ: Parenteral Nutrition Impact Questionnaire'). The new measure focused on the extent to which patients were able to fulfil their human needs. METHODS: Questionnaire content was derived from the analysis of transcripts of interviews conducted with UK HPN patients...
April 12, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446028/impact-of-nutritional-supplementation-and-a-psychomotor-program-on-patients-with-alzheimer-s-disease
#10
Odete Vicente de Sousa, Rita Soares Guerra, Ana Sofia Sousa, Bebiana Pais Henriques, Anabela Pereira Monteiro, Teresa Freitas Amaral
This study aims to evaluate the impact of oral nutritional supplementation (ONS) and a psychomotor rehabilitation program on nutritional and functional status of community-dwelling patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD). A 21-day prospective randomized controlled trial was conducted and third intervention group performed a psychomotor rehabilitation program. Patients were followed up for 180 days. Mean (standard deviation) score of Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA) increased both in the nutritional supplementation group (NSG; n = 25), 0...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Alzheimer's Disease and Other Dementias
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445896/total-serum-antioxidant-capacity-in-healthy-normal-weight-and-asymptomatic-overweight-adults
#11
Ana Petelin, Paola Tedeschi, Annalisa Maietti, Mihaela Jurdana, Vincenzo Brandolini, Zala Jenko Pražnikar
Obesity and overweight are major contributors to the burden of chronic disease. Both are defined as abnormal or excessive fat accumulation and by increased production of free radicals leading to oxidative stress. The aim of the present study was to evaluate whether overweight and fat accumulation is associated with serum total antioxidant capacity (TAC) in men and women, irrespective of nutritional habits, nutrient intakes, physical activity, smoking, and other confounders, which may be responsible for modifying the association between serum TAC and overweight/obesity measures...
April 26, 2017: Experimental and Clinical Endocrinology & Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445494/maternal-perception-of-children-s-nutritional-status-in-the-federal-district-brazil
#12
Jéssica Pedroso, Natacha Toral, Muriel Bauermann Gubert
Maternal perception of child's nutritional status has a potential impact on the identification, prevention, and treatment of childhood overweight. Thus, the aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of misperception and factors associated with maternal perception of the nutritional status of first- to third-grade elementary school students from private schools in the Federal District, Brazil. This cross-sectional study was conducted with 554 mother-child pairs. Children's nutritional status was assessed by measuring their weight and height...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445257/do-inflammatory-markers-predict-prognosis-in-patients-with-synchronous-colorectal-cancer
#13
Wanbin He, Mingtian Wei, Xuyang Yang, Bingchen Chen, Qingbin Wu, Erliang Zheng, XiangBing Deng, Ziqiang Wang
Systematic inflammatory response markers are considered as the most informative prognostic factors in many types of cancer. However, in synchronous colorectal cancer (synCRC), the prognostic value of inflammatory markers, including prognostic nutritional index (PNI), neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), derived neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (d-NLR), platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR), and lymphocyte-to-monocyte ratio (LMR), had rarely been evaluated. Thus, this present study reviewed our consecutive patients with synCRC to investigate the prognostic value of those factors...
April 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445171/identification-of-depressive-signs-in-patients-and-their-family-members-during-ipad-based-audiovisual-sessions
#14
Carol E Smith, Marilyn Werkowitch, Donna Macan Yadrich, Noreen Thompson, Eve-Lynn Nelson
Home parenteral nutrition requires a daily life-sustaining intravenous infusion over 12 hours. The daily intravenous infusion home care procedures are stringent, time-consuming tasks for patients and family caregivers who often experience depression. The purposes of this study were (1) to assess home parenteral nutrition patients and caregivers for depression and (2) to assess whether depressive signs can be seen during audiovisual discussion sessions using an Apple iPad Mini. In a clinical trial (N = 126), a subsample of 21 participants (16...
April 25, 2017: Computers, Informatics, Nursing: CIN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445108/manganese-provision-in-parenteral-nutrition-an-update
#15
Callum Livingstone
Manganese (Mn) is an essential micronutrient required for the activity of metalloenzymes. It is an essential component of parenteral nutrition (PN), but requirements are low. Mn status is difficult to assess, with the commonest method being measurement of its concentration in whole blood. This method has limitations, including artifactually high concentrations resulting from contamination of specimen tubes. Mn toxicity is a well-recognized complication of PN, the risk of which increases if there is cholestasis or if the patient has received high doses...
April 1, 2017: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444629/stress-measured-by-allostatic-load-score-varies-by-reason-for-immigration-the-africans-in-america-study
#16
Jean N Utumatwishima, Rafeal L Baker, Brianna A Bingham, Stephanie T Chung, David Berrigan, Anne E Sumner
OBJECTIVE: Reason for immigration as a biological stress has not been studied in Africans. Our goal was to determine in African immigrants, if biological stress measured by allostatic load score (ALS) varies by reason for immigration. METHODS: Using an ALS which had been previously developed with the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) data to assess stress due to racism and nativity, ALS was calculated in 85 African immigrants (67% male, age 42 ± 10 years)...
April 25, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444360/role-of-early-onset-neutropenia-in-development-of-candidemia-in-premature-infants
#17
Nermin Ramy, Mohamed Hashim, Heba Abou Hussein, Happy Sawires, Maha Gaafar, Ayat El Maghraby
Background: The aim of the study was to assess the effect of early-onset neutropenia (EON) on the development of candidemia in premature infants and evaluate other risk factors. Materials and Methods: This prospective study was carried out in a neonatal intensive care unit of Cairo University Hospital. Fifty neutropenic premature infants were matched to 50 non-neutropenics. Subjects were then regrouped into candidemics and non-candidemics to study other risk factors such as central venous catheters, mechanical ventilation, parenteral nutrition, drugs as corticosteroids and others...
April 24, 2017: Journal of Tropical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444232/co-trimoxazole-prophylaxis-asymptomatic-malaria-parasitemia-and-infectious-morbidity-in-hiv-exposed-uninfected-infants-in-malawi-the-ban-study
#18
Nicole L Davis, Jeffrey Wiener, Jonathan J Juliano, Linda Adair, Charles S Chasela, Dumbani Kayira, Michael G Hudgens, Charles van der Horst, Denise J Jamieson, Athena P Kourtis
Background: HIV-exposed infants are disproportionately at risk of morbidity and mortality compared with their HIV-unexposed counterparts. The role of co-trimoxazole preventive therapy (CPT) in reducing leading causes of infectious morbidity is unclear. Methods: We used data from the Breastfeeding, Antiretrovirals and Nutrition (BAN) clinical trial (conducted 2004-2010, Malawi) to assess the association of 1) CPT and 2) asymptomatic malaria parasitemia with respiratory and diarrheal morbidity in infants...
April 21, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443804/25-oh-d-levels-in-relation-to-gender-overweight-insulin-resistance-and-inflammation-in-a-cross-sectional-cohort-of-northern-italian-workers-evidence-in-support-of-preventive-health-care-programs
#19
Luisella Vigna, Letizia Cassinelli, Amedea Silvia Tirelli, Irene Felicetta, Filomena Napolitano, Laura Tomaino, Michela Mutti, Claudia Eleonora Barberi, Luciano Riboldi
OBJECTIVE: In recent years, the welfare of workers and the prevention of chronic disabling diseases has become a topic of great interest. This study investigates serum levels of total 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) in a cohort of overweight-obese and insulin-resistant northern Italian indoor workers in apparent good health followed a nutritional education program. METHODS: An observational cross-sectional study on 385 patients (females = 291, males = 94), age range 18-69 years and body mass index (BMI) > 25 kg/m(2), was performed at the Department of Occupational Medicine Milan, Italy, latitude 45...
April 26, 2017: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443560/advances-in-nutrition-of-the-newborn-infant
#20
REVIEW
Jane E Harding, Barbara E Cormack, Tanith Alexander, Jane M Alsweiler, Frank H Bloomfield
Nutrition of newborn infants, particularly of those born preterm, has advanced substantially in recent years. Extremely preterm infants have high nutrient demands that are challenging to meet, such that growth faltering is common. Inadequate growth is associated with poor neurodevelopmental outcomes, and although improved early growth is associated with better cognitive outcomes, there might be a trade-off in terms of worse metabolic outcomes, although the contribution of early nutrition to these associations is not established...
April 22, 2017: Lancet
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