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Nutrition assessment

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775238/comparison-of-creatinine-index-and-geriatric-nutritional-risk-index-for-nutritional-evaluation-of-patients-with-hemodialysis
#1
Wonsun Hwang, Mi Sook Cho, Ji Eun Oh, Ji Hyun Lee, Jong Cheol Jeong, Gyu-Tae Shin, Heungsoo Kim, Inwhee Park
INTRODUCTION: Malnutrition is prevalent in hemodialysis (HD) patients, and the risk of mortality is strongly correlated with malnutrition. Current methods of nutritional evaluation are mostly subjective, time-consuming, and cumbersome. Creatinine index (CI) and geriatric nutritional risk index (GNRI) are very simple and objective methods to assess the nutritional status of HD patients. The present study compares the performance of CI and GNRI as nutritional risk assessment tools. METHODS: Eighty-eight patients with end-stage renal disease on HD were recruited from a single tertiary center...
May 18, 2018: Hemodialysis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774828/bilberry-pomace-in-rabbit-nutrition-effects-on-growth-performance-apparent-digestibility-caecal-traits-bacterial-community-and-antioxidant-status
#2
S Dabbou, I Ferrocino, A Kovitvadhi, S Bergagna, D Dezzuto, A Schiavone, L Cocolin, F Gai, V Santoro, L Gasco
Agricultural by-products could be used as alternative raw materials in rabbit nutrition as they have been found to be highly nutritious and low cost feeding sources. The aim of this study was to estimate the nutritive value and potential use of bilberry pomace (BP) for growing rabbits. A total of 144 Grimaud rabbits (35 days old) were allotted to four groups and fed with a diet containing increasing level of BP: BP0 (basal diet), BP5, BP10 and BP15 containing 0, 50, 100 and 150 g/kg respectively. Growth trial lasted 48 days; apparent digestibility was evaluated, starting at 46 days of age, over 4 consecutive days...
May 18, 2018: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773950/could-autism-be-associated-with-nutritional-status-in-the-palestinian-population-the-outcomes-of-the-palestinian-micronutrient-survey
#3
Mohammad Altamimi
Background: Autism spectrum disorder is a neurodevelopmental disorder. It is believed that the cause of autism is multifactorial, where genetic predispositions interact with environmental factors. In this context, micronutrients play a crucial role. Objective: To present evidence on current micronutrient status in Palestine and highlight its possible role in increasing problems of neurodevelopment disorders in general and autism in particular. Method: Analytical review of results...
2018: Nutrition and Metabolic Insights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773940/effects-of-social-support-network-size-on-mortality-risk-considerations-by-diabetes-status
#4
Paul D Loprinzi, M Allison Ford
Objective: Previous work demonstrates that social support is inversely associated with mortality risk. Less research, however, has examined the effects of the size of the social support network on mortality risk among those with and without diabetes, which was the purpose of this study. Methods: Data from the 1999-2008 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey were used, with participants followed through 2011. This study included 1,412 older adults (≥60 years of age) with diabetes and 5,872 older adults without diabetes...
May 2018: Diabetes Spectrum: a Publication of the American Diabetes Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773939/retinopathy-and-mortality
#5
Emily Frith, Paul D Loprinzi
Objective: We evaluated the specific association between retinopathy and all-cause mortality among a national sample of the broader U.S. adult population. Methods: Data from the 2005-2008 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey were used to identify 4,777 adults with complete data regarding screening for nonproliferative retinopathy using Early Treatment Diabetic Retinopathy Study grading criteria, as well as objective retinal imaging assessments using the Canon Non-Mydriatic Retinal Camera CR6-45NM...
May 2018: Diabetes Spectrum: a Publication of the American Diabetes Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773698/protocol-for-the-validation-of-sensitivity-and-specificity-of-the-cow-s-milk-related-symptom-score-comiss-against-open-food-challenge-in-a-single-blinded-prospective-multicentre-trial-in-infants
#6
Yvan Vandenplas, Rajat Mukherjee, Christophe Dupont, Philippe Eigenmann, Arne Høst, Mikael Kuitunen, Carmen Ribes-Koninkx, Neil Shah, Hania Szajewska, Andrea von Berg, Ralf G Heine, Zheng-Yan Zhao
INTRODUCTION: The symptoms of cow's milk protein allergy (CMPA) in infancy can be non-specific which may delay a correct diagnosis and cause adverse clinical outcomes. The diagnosis of non-IgE-mediated CMPA is particularly complex as it involves a 2 to 4 week elimination diet followed by oral food challenge (OFC). The Cow's Milk-related Symptom Score (CoMiSS) is a clinical resource for primary healthcare providers which aims to increase awareness of CMPA symptoms to facilitate an earlier diagnosis...
May 17, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773201/school-meals-centesimal-and-mineral-composition-and-their-nutritional-value-for-brazilian-children
#7
Fabiana C O França, Iziane S Andrade, Mariangela V Lopes Silva, Maurício S Lordêlo, Renata G Costa, José A Menezes-Filho
The assessment of meals served under the Brazilian National School Meal Program (PNAE) is an important tool to verify its adequacy to the proposed parameters and the nutritional needs of school-aged children. The aim of this study was to evaluate the centesimal and mineral composition of the meals offered by the program and adequacy to the nutritional recommendations in three municipalities of the state of Bahia, Brazil. Centesimal composition of meals was determined according to the reference guidelines and mineral composition was analyzed by atomic absorption spectrometry...
July 2018: Journal of Trace Elements in Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772724/concentrate-supplement-modifies-the-feeding-behavior-of-simmental-cows-grazing-in-two-high-mountain-pastures
#8
Alberto Romanzin, Mirco Corazzin, Edi Piasentier, Stefano Bovolenta
During grazing on Alpine pastures, the use of concentrates in dairy cows' diet leads to a reduction of the environmental sustainability of farms, and influences the selective pressure on some plant species. In order to minimize the use of concentrates, it is imperative to obtain data on the grazing behavior of cows. The aim of this study was to assess the effect of concentrate levels on the behavior of dairy cows during grazing. One hundred and ten lactating Italian Simmental cows, that sequentially grazed two pastures characterized by Poion alpinae (Poion) and Seslerion caeruleae (Seslerion) alliance, were considered...
May 16, 2018: Animals: An Open Access Journal From MDPI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772703/alpha-mangostin-improves-insulin-secretion-and-protects-ins-1-cells-from-streptozotocin-induced-damage
#9
Dahae Lee, Young-Mi Kim, Kiwon Jung, Young-Won Chin, Ki Sung Kang
Alpha (α)-mangostin, a yellow crystalline powder with a xanthone core structure, is isolated from mangosteen ( Garcinia mangostana ), which is a tropical fruit of great nutritional value. The aim of the present study was to investigate the anti-diabetic effects of α-mangostin and to elucidate the molecular mechanisms underlying its effect on pancreatic beta (β)-cell dysfunction. To assess the effects of α-mangostin on insulin production, rat pancreatic INS-1 cells were treated with non-toxic doses of α-mangostin (1⁻10 μM) and its impact on insulin signaling was examined by Western blotting...
May 16, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771910/the-influence-of-crop-production-and-socioeconomic-factors-on-seasonal-household-dietary-diversity-in-burkina-faso
#10
Jérôme W Somé, Andrew D Jones
Households in low-income settings are vulnerable to seasonal changes in dietary diversity because of fluctuations in food availability and access. We assessed seasonal differences in household dietary diversity in Burkina Faso, and determined the extent to which household socioeconomic status and crop production diversity modify changes in dietary diversity across seasons, using data from the nationally representative 2014 Burkina Faso Continuous Multisectoral Survey (EMC). A household dietary diversity score based on nine food groups was created from household food consumption data collected during four rounds of the 2014 EMC...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771370/starch-digestibility-and-apparent-metabolizable-energy-of-western-canadian-wheat-market-classes-in-broiler-chickens
#11
N D Karunaratne, D A Abbott, P J Hucl, R N Chibbar, C J Pozniak, H L Classen
Wheat is the primary grain fed to poultry in western Canada, but its nutritional quality, including the nature of its starch digestibility, may be affected by wheat market class. The objectives of this study were to determine the rate and extent of starch digestibility of wheat market classes in broiler chickens, and to determine the relationship between starch digestibility and wheat apparent metabolizable energy (AME). In vitro starch digestion was assessed using gastric and small intestinal phases mimicking the chicken digestive tract, while in vivo evaluation used 468 male broiler chickens randomly assigned to dietary treatments from 0 to 21 d of age...
May 16, 2018: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771231/food-choice-motives-attitude-towards-and-intention-to-adopt-personalised-nutrition
#12
Audrey Rankin, Brendan P Bunting, Rui Poínhos, Ivo A van der Lans, Arnout Rh Fischer, Sharron Kuznesof, Mdv Almeida, Jerko Markovina, Lynn J Frewer, Barbara J Stewart-Knox
OBJECTIVE: The present study explored associations between food choice motives, attitudes towards and intention to adopt personalised nutrition, to inform communication strategies based on consumer priorities and concerns.Design/SettingA survey was administered online which included the Food Choice Questionnaire (FCQ) and items assessing attitudes towards and intention to adopt personalised nutrition. SUBJECTS: Nationally representative samples were recruited in nine EU countries (n 9381)...
May 17, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771099/-screening-for-undernutrition-among-older-adults-receiving-home-care-an-estimation-of-the-diagnostic-accuracy-of-indicators-available-in-the-resident-assessment-instrument-home-care-adapted-for-switzerland
#13
Catherine Busnel, Catherine Ludwig
INTRODUCTION: in homecare practice, nurses are central actors for the screening of individuals at risks of undernutrition. CONTEXT: in Switzerland, homecare nurses estimate the nutritional status of care recipients by means of a standardized geriatric assessment done with the RAI-HC. AIMS: The aim of the study is to estimate the diagnostic accuracy of the « nutritional status » score, the body mass index and the weight loss documented from the RAI-HC...
March 2018: Recherche en Soins Infirmiers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770960/interventions-for-increasing-fruit-and-vegetable-consumption-in-children-aged-five-years-and-under
#14
REVIEW
Rebecca K Hodder, Kate M O'Brien, Fiona G Stacey, Rebecca J Wyse, Tara Clinton-McHarg, Flora Tzelepis, Erica L James, Kate M Bartlem, Nicole K Nathan, Rachel Sutherland, Emma Robson, Sze Lin Yoong, Luke Wolfenden
BACKGROUND: Insufficient consumption of fruits and vegetables in childhood increases the risk of future non-communicable diseases, including cardiovascular disease. Interventions to increase consumption of fruit and vegetables, such as those focused on specific child-feeding strategies and parent nutrition education interventions in early childhood may therefore be an effective strategy in reducing this disease burden. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effectiveness, cost effectiveness and associated adverse events of interventions designed to increase the consumption of fruit, vegetables or both amongst children aged five years and under...
May 17, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770755/body-composition-during-early-infancy-and-developmental-progression-from-1-to-5-years-of-age-the-infant-anthropometry-and-body-composition-iabc-cohort-study-among-ethiopian-children
#15
Mubarek Abera, Markos Tesfaye, Bitiya Admassu, Charlotte Hanlon, Christian Ritz, Rasmus Wibaek, Kim F Michaelsen, Henrik Friis, Jonathan C Wells, Gregers S Andersen, Tsinuel Girma, Pernille Kæstel
Early nutrition and growth have been found to be important early exposures for later development. Studies of crude growth in terms of weight and length/height, however, cannot elucidate how body composition (BC) might mediate associations between nutrition and later development. In this study, we aimed to examine the relation between fat mass (FM) or fat-free mass (FFM) tissues at birth and their accretion during early infancy, and later developmental progression. In a birth cohort from Ethiopia, 455 children who have BC measurement at birth and 416 who have standardised rate of BC growth during infancy were followed up for outcome variable, and were included in the statistical analysis...
June 2018: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770360/biomarkers-associated-with-death-after-initiating-treatment-for-tuberculosis-and-hiv-in-patients-with-very-low-cd-4-cells
#16
Fred R Sattler, Daniel Chelliah, Xingye Wu, Alejandro Sanchez, Michelle A Kendall, Evelyn Hogg, David Lagat, Umesh Lalloo, Valdilea Veloso, Diane V Havlir, Alan Landay
Background: The risk of short-term death for treatment naive patients dually infected with Mycobacterium tuberculosis and HIV may be reduced by early anti-retroviral therapy. Of those dying, mechanisms responsible for fatal outcomes are unclear. We hypothesized that greater malnutrition and/or inflammation when initiating treatment are associated with an increased risk for death. Methods: We utilized a retrospective case-cohort design among participants of the ACTG A5221 study who had baseline CD4 < 50 cells/mm3 ...
2018: Pathogens & Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770051/agriculture-and-agri-food-canada-s-research-program-on-antimicrobial-resistance
#17
E Topp
A key strategy for attenuating the development of antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is ensuring judicious use of antimicrobials in human and veterinary medicine and in agriculture. Research on AMR in agriculture includes risk assessment, risk management, and identifying the role of agricultural practices in development of AMR. Risk assessment includes an impact assessment of antimicrobial use in livestock and on the environment; for example, many antimicrobials are excreted unchanged and thus reach the environment through manure application...
November 2, 2017: Canada Communicable Disease Report, Relevé des Maladies Transmissibles Au Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769574/honey-bees-consider-larval-nutritional-status-rather-than-genetic-relatedness-when-selecting-larvae-for-emergency-queen-rearing
#18
Ramesh R Sagili, Bradley N Metz, Hannah M Lucas, Priyadarshini Chakrabarti, Carolyn R Breece
In honey bees and many other social insects, production of queens is a vital task, as colony fitness is dependent on queens. The factors considered by honey bee workers in selecting larvae to rear new queens during emergency queen rearing are poorly understood. Identifying these parameters is critical, both in an evolutionary and apicultural context. As female caste development in honey bees is dependent on larval diet (i.e. nutrition), we hypothesized that larval nutritional state is meticulously assessed and used by workers in selection of larvae for queen rearing...
May 16, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769374/better-diet-quality-relates-to-larger-brain-tissue-volumes-the-rotterdam-study
#19
Pauline H Croll, Trudy Voortman, M Arfan Ikram, Oscar H Franco, Josje D Schoufour, Daniel Bos, Meike W Vernooij
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relation of diet quality with structural brain tissue volumes and focal vascular lesions in a dementia-free population. METHODS: From the population-based Rotterdam Study, 4,447 participants underwent dietary assessment and brain MRI scanning between 2005 and 2015. We excluded participants with an implausible energy intake, prevalent dementia, or cortical infarcts, leaving 4,213 participants for the current analysis. A diet quality score (0-14) was calculated reflecting adherence to Dutch dietary guidelines...
May 16, 2018: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769170/design-and-rationale-for-a-parent-led-intervention-to-increase-fruit-and-vegetable-intake-in-young-childhood-cancer-survivors-reboot-protocol-for-a-pilot-study
#20
Lauren Touyz, Jennifer Cohen, Claire Wakefield, Allison Grech, Sarah Garnett, Paayal Gohil, Richard Cohn
BACKGROUND: Poor dietary habits are common among childhood cancer survivors, despite increasing their risk of cardio metabolic complications after cancer treatment. Here, we describe the design and rationale for a pilot telephone-based, parent-led intervention aimed at increasing fruit and vegetable intake in young cancer survivors (Reboot). OBJECTIVE: This pilot study aims to assess the feasibility and acceptability of delivering evidence-based telephone support to parents of childhood cancer survivors...
May 16, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
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