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Nutrition assessment

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109457/accelerometry-assessed-latent-class-patterns-of-physical-activity-and-sedentary-behavior-with-mortality
#1
Kelly R Evenson, Amy H Herring, Fang Wen
INTRODUCTION: Latent class analysis provides a method for understanding patterns of physical activity and sedentary behavior. This study explored the association of accelerometer-assessed patterns of physical activity/sedentary behavior with all-cause mortality. METHODS: The sample included 4,510 U.S. National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey participants aged ≥40 years enrolled in 2003-2006 with mortality follow-up through 2011. Participants used a hip-worn accelerometer for 1 week that provided minute-by-minute information on physical activity/sedentary behavior...
February 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109422/improving-the-nutritional-impact-of-the-supplemental-nutrition-assistance-program-perspectives-from-the-participants
#2
Cindy W Leung, Aviva A Musicus, Walter C Willett, Eric B Rimm
INTRODUCTION: The Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) is the largest federal food assistance program designed to alleviate food insecurity and improve dietary intake. This study assessed the opinions of SNAP participants and food-insufficient nonparticipants on their perceptions of the program and strategies to improve its nutritional impact. METHODS: This study surveyed 387 individuals via Amazon Mechanical Turk, of whom 118 were SNAP participants and 269 were food insufficient but not enrolled in SNAP (nonparticipants)...
February 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109300/knowledge-attitudes-and-practices-in-tamarind-tamarindus-indica-l-use-and-conservation-in-eastern-uganda
#3
Esther Ebifa-Othieno, Antony Mugisha, Philip Nyeko, John David Kabasa
BACKGROUND: Tamarindus indica L is one of the indigenous fruit tree species that traditionally contributes to food security and ecosystem stability in sub-Saharan Africa. We hypothesized that the indigenous people of Eastern Uganda have used T. indica for generations and developed practices that promote its conservation and therefore we expected that they possess an elaborate indigenous knowledge (IK) system and that most of them have planted the species. The aim of this study was to assess the influence of IK, attitudes and practices on the use and conservation of T...
January 21, 2017: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109272/opinions-about-the-new-law-on-end-of-life-issues-in-a-sample-of-french-patients-receiving-palliative-care
#4
Augustin Boulanger, Théo Chabal, Marie Fichaux, Mireille Destandau, Jean Marc La Piana, Pascal Auquier, Karine Baumstarck, Sébastien Salas
BACKGROUND: In February 2nd 2016, the French government enacted the Claeys-Leonetti law that forbade euthanasia and established the right to deep and continuous sedation for end-of-life patients. Moreover, the law also obliges clinicians to abide by any advance directives regarding treatment and investigation, except in cases where they are "obviously inappropriate" in a given medical situation, or in cases of emergency, in order to allow medical staff to take time to assess the patient's situation...
January 21, 2017: BMC Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108405/defects-of-the-vertebral-endplate-implications-for-disc-degeneration-depend-on-size
#5
Uruj Zehra, Luke Flower, Katharine Robson-Brown, Michael A Adams, Patricia Dolan
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Bony vertebral endplates must be porous to allow metabolite transport into the disc, and yet strong to resist high intradiscal pressure. Endplate defects may therefore have nutritional and mechanical consequences for the disc, depending on their size and type. We hypothesise that broad, diffuse defects are more closely associated with disc decompression and degeneration than are focal Schmorl's node-type defects. PURPOSE: To determine how the size and type of endplate defects are related to decompression and degeneration in the adjacent intervertebral disc...
January 17, 2017: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107722/microalgae-biorefinery-high-value-products-perspectives
#6
Kit Wayne Chew, Jing Ying Yap, Pau Loke Show, Ng Hui Suan, Joon Ching Juan, Tau Chuan Ling, Duu-Jong Lee, Jo-Shu Chang
Microalgae have received much interest as a biofuel feedstock in response to the uprising energy crisis, climate change and depletion of natural sources. Development of microalgal biofuels from microalgae does not satisfy the economic feasibility of overwhelming capital investments and operations. Hence, high-value co-products have been produced through the extraction of a fraction of algae to improve the economics of a microalgae biorefinery. Examples of these high-value products are pigments, proteins, lipids, carbohydrates, vitamins and anti-oxidants, with applications in cosmetics, nutritional and pharmaceuticals industries...
January 10, 2017: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107380/novel-tools-in-determining-the-physiological-demands-and-nutritional-practices-of-ontario-firerangers-during-fire-deployments
#7
A H Robertson, C Larivière, C R Leduc, Z McGillis, T Eger, A Godwin, M Larivière, S C Dorman
INTRODUCTION: The seasonal profession of wildland fire fighting in Canada requires individuals to work in harsh environmental conditions that are physically demanding. The purpose of this study was to use novel technologies to evaluate the physiological demands and nutritional practices of Canadian FireRangers during fire deployments. METHODS: Participants (n = 21) from a northern Ontario Fire Base volunteered for this study and data collection occurred during the 2014 fire season and included Initial Attack (IA), Project Fire (P), and Fire Base (B) deployments...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107326/identifying-malnutrition-nutritional-status-in-newly-diagnosed-patients-with-cancer%C3%A2
#8
Karthikayini Krishnasamy, Tang Li Yoong, Chong Mei Chan, Lau Peng Chong, Karuthan Chinna
BACKGROUND: Malnutrition is common among patients with cancer, but little attention is given to its risks and consequences.
. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to assess the nutritional status and identify the factors associated with malnutrition among newly diagnosed patients with cancer
. METHODS: Patients admitted with newly diagnosed cancer at a teaching hospital in Malaysia were recruited from January to April 2015. Nutritional status was assessed before treatment initiation, and patients were classified into three categories...
February 1, 2017: Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107221/cash-vs-food-assistance-to-improve-adherence-to-antiretroviral-therapy-among-hiv-infected-adults-in-tanzania-a-randomized-trial
#9
Sandra I McCoy, Prosper F Njau, Carolyn Fahey, Ntuli Kapologwe, Suneetha Kadiyala, Nicholas P Jewell, William H Dow, Nancy S Padian
OBJECTIVE: We evaluated the effectiveness of short-term cash and food assistance to improve adherence to antiretroviral therapy (ART) and retention in care among people living with HIV in Tanzania. METHODS: At three clinics, 805 participants were randomized to three groups in a 3 : 3 : 1 ratio, stratified by site : nutrition assessment and counseling (NAC) and cash transfers (∼$11/month, n = 347), NAC and food baskets (n = 345), and NAC-only (comparison group, n = 113, clinicaltrials...
January 19, 2017: AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107098/early-initiation-of-breastfeeding-among-maya-mothers-in-the-western-highlands-of-guatemala
#10
Natalie N Atyeo, Tahvi D Frank, Emma F Vail, William A L Sperduto, David L Boyd
BACKGROUND: Guatemala exhibits the sixth highest rate of child stunting worldwide, and stunting disproportionately affects Guatemala indigenous communities. In a country struggling to combat this result of malnutrition, early child nutrition is especially critical. Specifically, early initiation of breastfeeding is important for the development of newborn infants. Understanding beliefs and practices related to early initiation of breastfeeding in Maya Guatemala may provide an avenue to guide nutrition interventions in indigenous communities...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107066/hematologic-plasma-biochemical-and-lipid-panel-reference-intervals-in-orange-winged-amazon-parrots-amazona-amazonica
#11
Claire Vergneau-Grosset, Tamsen Polley, Danielle Carrade Holt, William Vernau, Joanne Paul-Murphy
To establish reference intervals in orange-winged Amazon parrots ( Amazona amazonica ) for the complete blood count, plasma biochemical values, and lipid panel and to evaluate age- and sex-related variations, blood samples were obtained from 29 healthy juvenile and adult parrots. Concentrations of total protein, bile acids, phosphorus, total cholesterol, low-density-lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol were significantly higher in adult compared with juvenile birds, while uric acid concentration was significantly higher in juveniles...
December 2016: Journal of Avian Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106792/prevalence-and-correlates-of-metabolic-syndrome-in-chinese-children-the-china-health-and-nutrition-survey
#12
Peige Song, Jinyue Yu, Xinlei Chang, Manli Wang, Lin An
Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is generally defined as a cluster of metabolically related cardiovascular risk factors which are often associated with the condition of insulin resistance, elevated blood pressure, and abdominal obesity. During the past decades, MetS has become a major public health issue worldwide in both adults and children. In this study, data from the China Health and Nutrition Surveys (CHNS) was used to assess the prevalence of MetS based on both the National Cholesterol Education Program Adult Treatment Panel III (NCEP-ATPIII) guidelines and the International Diabetes Federation (IDF) criteria, and to evaluate its possible correlates...
January 18, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106762/contribution-of-trans-fatty-acid-intake-to-coronary-heart-disease-burden-in-australia-a-modelling-study
#13
Jason H Y Wu, Miaobing Zheng, Elise Catterall, Shauna Downs, Beth Thomas, Lennert Veerman, Jan J Barendregt
Trans-fatty acids (TFAs) intake has been consistently associated with a higher risk of coronary heart disease (CHD) mortality. We provided an updated assessment of TFA intake in Australian adults in 2010 and conducted modeling to estimate CHD mortality attributable to TFA intake. Data of the 2011-2012 National Nutrition and Physical Activity Survey was used to assess TFA intake. The CHD burden attributable to TFA was calculated by comparing the current level of TFA intake to a counterfactual setting where consumption was lowered to a theoretical minimum distribution of 0...
January 18, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106712/very-low-protein-diet-vlpd-reduces-metabolic-acidosis-in-subjects-with-chronic-kidney-disease-the-nutritional-light-signal-of-the-renal-acid-load
#14
Biagio Raffaele Di Iorio, Lucia Di Micco, Stefania Marzocco, Emanuele De Simone, Antonietta De Blasio, Maria Luisa Sirico, Luca Nardone, On Behalf Of Ubi Study Group
BACKGROUND: Metabolic acidosis is a common complication of chronic kidney disease; current guidelines recommend treatment with alkali if bicarbonate levels are lower than 22 mMol/L. In fact, recent studies have shown that an early administration of alkali reduces progression of CKD. The aim of the study is to evaluate the effect of fruit and vegetables to reduce the acid load in CKD. METHODS: We conducted a case-control study in 146 patients who received sodium bicarbonate...
January 17, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106613/relationship-of-sleep-duration-and-regularity-with-dietary-intake-among-preschool-aged-children-with-obesity-from-low-income-families
#15
Megan E Petrov, Kiley B Vander Wyst, Corrie M Whisner, Mihyun Jeong, Michaela Denniston, Michael W Moramarco, Martina R Gallagher, Elizabeth Reifsnider
OBJECTIVE: Diet is a modifiable factor associated with pediatric obesity outcomes, but few studies have evaluated the relationships of sleep duration and regularity on dietary intake of young preschool-aged children. The goal of this study was to evaluate whether short sleep duration and irregular sleep timing were associated with greater calorie, carbohydrate and fat consumption among young children with obesity from low-income families. METHODS: Fifty-one ethnically diverse children aged 2 to 4 years were recruited from the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children clinics in a southeast Texas county...
January 17, 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106272/health-claims-and-methodological-controversy-in-nutrition-science
#16
Oliver Todt, José Luis Luján
This article analyzes the debate about data acquisition and assessment in health claims regulation by identifying the underlying controversies on methodological choice. Regulation in the European Union imposes the need for a scientific substantiation of all health claims (claims about a relationship between consumption of certain food ingredients and positive health effects). Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) are the method that generally is considered to provide the highest quality data for decision making in claims regulation because they allow for establishing cause-effect relationships...
January 20, 2017: Risk Analysis: An Official Publication of the Society for Risk Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106215/the-degree-of-processing-of-foods-which-are-most-widely-consumed-by-the-french-elderly-population-is-associated-with-satiety-and-glycemic-potentials-and-nutrient-profiles
#17
Anthony Fardet, Caroline Méjean, Hélène Labouré, Valentina A Andreeva, Gilles Feron
Food processing impacts both food structure and nutritional density. The effect of food structure on satiety and glycemic potentials is well recognized. However, the association between processing, satiety and glycemic potentials and nutrient profiles has not been much studied, especially in the diets of the elderly. Therefore, this study aimed at exploring relations between the level of food processing, consumption and nutrient profiles and satiety and glycemic potentials among 6686 French elderly people (≥65 years)...
January 20, 2017: Food & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105733/vitamin-d-supplementation-for-sickle-cell-disease
#18
REVIEW
Htoo Htoo Kyaw Soe, Adinegara Bl Abas, Nan Nitra Than, Han Ni, Jaspal Singh, Abdul Razzak Bin Mohd Said, Ifeyinwa Osunkwo
BACKGROUND: Sickle cell disease is a genetic chronic haemolytic and pro-inflammatory disorder. The clinical manifestations of sickle cell disease result from the presence of mutations on the beta globin genes that generate an abnormal haemoglobin product (called haemoglobin S) within the red blood cell. Sickle cell disease can lead to many complications such as acute chest syndrome, stroke, acute and chronic bone complications (including painful vaso-occlusive crisis, osteomyelitis, osteonecrosis and osteoporosis)...
January 20, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105545/does-pregnancy-increase-use-and-awareness-of-nutrition-information-in-food-labels
#19
Juhee Kim, Satomi Imai, Holly Mathews
Objectives This study aims to examine food label use, specific reading behaviors and the awareness of dietary recommendations among U.S. pregnant women in comparison to non-pregnant women. Methods A cross-sectional data analysis was conducted using a representative national sample of U.S. women aged 16 to 44 years from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2005-2006 (n = 1875). Food label users were defined as woman who used the Nutrition Facts panel when making a food choice in the frequency of always, most of the time, or sometimes...
January 19, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105520/type-1-diabetic-patients-with-peripheral-neuropathy-have-pan-enteric-prolongation-of-gastrointestinal-transit-times-and-an-altered-caecal-ph-profile
#20
Adam D Farmer, Anne Grave Pedersen, Birgitte Brock, Poul Erik Jakobsen, Jesper Karmisholt, Sahar D Mohammed, S Mark Scott, Asbjørn Mohr Drewes, Christina Brock
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: We hypothesised that type 1 diabetic patients with established diabetic sensorimotor polyneuropathy (DSPN) would have segmental and/or pan-enteric dysmotility in comparison to healthy age-matched controls. We aimed to investigate the co-relationships between gastrointestinal function, degree of DSPN and clinical symptoms. METHODS: An observational comparison was made between 48 patients with DSPN (39 men, mean age 50 years, range 29-71 years), representing the baseline data of an ongoing clinical trial (representing a secondary analysis of baseline data collected from an ongoing double-blind randomised controlled trial investigating the neuroprotective effects of liraglutide) and 41 healthy participants (16 men, mean age 49 years, range 30-78) who underwent a standardised wireless motility capsule test to assess gastrointestinal transit...
January 20, 2017: Diabetologia
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