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Nutrition assessment

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166191/the-pediatric-yorkhill-malnutrition-score-is-a-reliable-malnutrition-screening-tool
#1
Nur Eni Lestari, Nani Nurhaeni, Dessie Wanda
Children often experience malnutrition while they are hospitalized. Therefore, the prevention of malnutrition and nutritional management need to be done properly using malnutrition screening tools. This study aimed to determine the sensitivity and specificity of the Pediatric Yorkhill Malnutrition Score (PYMS) and the Screening Tool for the Risk of Impaired Nutritional Status and Growth (STRONGkids) when compared to the Subjective Global Nutritional Assessment for Children (SGNA). This study involved 81 pediatric patients with ages ranging from 1 to 16 years old...
2017: Compr Child Adolesc Nurs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165535/the-feasibility-of-standardised-geriatric-assessment-tools-and-physical-exercises-in-frail-older-adults
#2
A D Jadczak, N Mahajan, R Visvanathan
Geriatric assessment tools are applicable to the general geriatric population; however, their feasibility in frail older adults is yet to be determined. The study aimed to determine the feasibility of standardised geriatric assessment tools and physical exercises in hospitalised frail older adults. Various assessment tools including the FRAIL Screen, the Charlson Comorbidity Index, the SF-36, the Trail Making Test (TMT), the Rapid Cognitive Screen, the Self Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA-SF) and the Lawton iADL as well as standard physical exercises were assessed using observational protocols...
2017: Journal of Frailty & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164776/nutritional-screening-and-dietitian-consultation-rates-in-a-geriatric-evaluation-and-management-unit
#3
Elsa Dent, Olivia Wright, Emiel O Hoogendijk, Ruth E Hubbard
AIM: Nutritional screening may not always lead to intervention. The present study aimed to determine: (i) the rate of nutritional screening in hospitalised older adults; (ii) whether nutritional screening led to dietitian consultation and (iii) factors associated with malnutrition. METHODS: In this prospective study of patients aged ≥70 years admitted to a Geriatric Evaluation and Management Unit (GEMU), malnutrition was screened for using the Mini Nutritional Assessment Short Form (MNA-SF) and identified using the Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA)...
November 22, 2017: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164448/measuring-nutrition-literacy-in-spanish-speaking-latinos-an-exploratory-validation-study
#4
Heather D Gibbs, Juliana M T B Camargo, Sarah Owens, Byron Gajewski, Ana Paula Cupertino
Nutrition is important for preventing and treating chronic diseases highly prevalent among Latinos, yet no tool exists for measuring nutrition literacy among Spanish speakers. This study aimed to adapt the validated Nutrition Literacy Assessment Instrument for Spanish-speaking Latinos. This study was developed in two phases: adaptation and validity testing. Adaptation included translation, expert item content review, and interviews with Spanish speakers. For validity testing, 51 participants completed the Short Assessment of Health Literacy-Spanish (SAHL-S), the Nutrition Literacy Assessment Instrument in Spanish (NLit-S), and socio-demographic questionnaire...
November 21, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164390/nutrition-and-mobility-predict-all-cause-mortality-in-patients-12%C3%A2-months-after-transcatheter-aortic-valve-implantation
#5
Sarah Eichler, Annett Salzwedel, Axel Harnath, Christian Butter, Karl Wegscheider, Mihai Chiorean, Heinz Völler, Rona Reibis
BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to determine pre-interventional predictors for all-cause mortality in patients after transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) with a 12-month follow-up. METHODS: From 10/2013 to 07/2015, 344 patients (80.9 ± 5.0 years, 44.5% male) with an elective TAVI were consecutively enrolled prospectively in a multicentre cohort study. Prior to the intervention, sociodemographic parameters, echocardiographic data and comorbidities were documented...
November 21, 2017: Clinical Research in Cardiology: Official Journal of the German Cardiac Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164125/malnutrition-upon-hospital-admission-in-geriatric-patients-why-assess-it
#6
Paolo Orlandoni, Claudia Venturini, Nikolina Jukic Peladic, Annarita Costantini, Mirko Di Rosa, Claudia Cola, Natascia Giorgini, Redenta Basile, Donata Fagnani, Debora Sparvoli, Serenella David
Objective: To assess the prevalence of malnutrition according to the new ESPEN definition in a population of geriatric hospital patients and to determine how malnutrition affects the length of hospital stay (LOS) and hospital mortality. Design: A retrospective analysis of data gathered during nutritional screening surveys carried out three consecutive years, from 2012 to 2014, in an Italian geriatric research hospital (INRCA, Ancona) was performed. On the day of the study, demographic data, data on clinical conditions and the nutritional status of newly admitted patients were collected...
2017: Frontiers in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163741/correction-validation-of-skeletal-muscle-volume-as-a-nutritional-assessment-in-patients-with-gastric-or-colorectal-cancer-before-radical-surgery
#7
Takayuki Endo, Chika Momoki, Minori Yamaoka, Saki Hachino, Satoshi Iwatani, Satoshi Kiyota, Hiromu Tanaka, Daiki Habu
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.14740/jocmr3129w.].
December 2017: Journal of Clinical Medicine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163003/a-complex-interplay-of-vitamin-b1-and-b6-metabolism-with-cognition-brain-structure-and-functional-connectivity-in-older-adults
#8
Kai Jannusch, Christiane Jockwitz, Hans-Jürgen Bidmon, Susanne Moebus, Katrin Amunts, Svenja Caspers
Aging is associated with brain atrophy, functional brain network reorganization and decline of cognitive performance, albeit characterized by high interindividual variability. Among environmental influencing factors accounting for this variability, nutrition and particularly vitamin supply is thought to play an important role. While evidence exists that supplementation of vitamins B6 and B1 might be beneficial for cognition and brain structure, at least in deficient states and neurodegenerative diseases, little is known about this relation during healthy aging and in relation to reorganization of functional brain networks...
2017: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162954/analyses-of-nutrients-and-body-mass-index-as-risk-factor-for-preeclampsia
#9
Yusrawati, Nicko Pisceski Kusika Saputra, Nur Indrawati Lipoeto, Rizanda Machmud
Background: Little is known about the pathogenesis of preeclampsia. Many factors are identified as risk factors for preeclampsia including nutrients and obesity. The aim of this study was to assess whether nutrients and body mass index (BMI) are risk factors for preeclampsia. Methods: This was a case-control study at the Department of Obstetric and Gynecology in Dr. M. Djamil Hospital, Padang, Indonesia. A total of 140 patients were enrolled in this study with 70 cases and 70 controls...
December 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162266/plasma-free-carnitine-in-severe-trauma-influence-of-the-association-with-traumatic-brain-injury
#10
Fanny Vardon Bounes, Géraldine Faure, Antoine Rouget, Jean-Marie Conil, Bernard Georges, Thomas Geeraerts, Olivier Fourcade, Vincent Minville, Clément Delmas
BACKGROUND: Metabolic response to severe trauma requires early nutritional resuscitation. Carnitine is essential for lipolysis, the energy source during this hypercatabolic phase. However l-carnitine is not present in nutritional replacement solutions. Furthermore, free carnitine depletion, defined as carnitine plasma level under 36μmol/L, was not adequately reported in adult patients with severe trauma. The aim of this study was to assess plasma free carnitine levels and factors of variation in severe trauma...
November 15, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162064/effect-of-exclusive-breastfeeding-on-selected-adverse-health-and-nutritional-outcomes-a-nationally-representative-study
#11
Md Nuruzzaman Khan, M Mofizul Islam
BACKGROUND: Despite growing evidence in support of exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) among infants in the first 6 months of birth, the debate over the optimal duration of EBF continues. This study examines the effect of termination of EBF during the first 2, 4 and 6 months of birth on a set of adverse health and nutritional outcomes of infants. METHODS: Three waves of Bangladesh Demographic and Health Survey data were analysed using multivariate regression. The adverse health outcomes were: an episode of diarrhea, fever or acute respiratory infection (ARI) during the 2 weeks prior to the survey...
November 21, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162057/translating-a-child-care-based-intervention-for-online-delivery-development-and-randomized-pilot-study-of-go-napsacc
#12
Dianne S Ward, Amber E Vaughn, Stephanie Mazzucca, Regan Burney
BACKGROUND: As part of childhood obesity prevention initiatives, Early Care and Education (ECE) programs are being asked to implement evidence-based strategies that promote healthier eating and physical activity habits in children. Translation of evidence-based interventions into real world ECE settings often encounter barriers, including time constraints, lack of easy-to-use tools, and inflexible intervention content. This study describes translation of an evidence-based program (NAPSACC) into an online format (Go NAPSACC) and a randomized pilot study evaluating its impact on centers' nutrition environments...
November 21, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161929/changes-in-anthropometry-and-selected-metabolic-parameters-in-young-men-during-their-first-year-of-study-at-a-university-of-physical-education
#13
Anna Kȩska, Grażyna Lutosławska, Krzysztof Mazurek, Anna Czajkowska, Joanna Tkaczyk, Dagmara Iwańska
This study aims to determine main health-related anthropometric and metabolic parameters in young physically active male students in their first year of study. Sixty one male students from a Polish university of physical education were studied twice-at the beginning of their first and second academic years. Body weight, height, waist circumference, and body composition were measured. Plasma levels of thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH), leptin, cortisol, and insulin, as well as insulin resistance (IR) using the homeostatic model assessment (HOMA) were determined...
November 1, 2017: American Journal of Men's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161380/anaemia-and-associated-factors-in-homeless-children-in-the-paris-region-the-enfams-survey
#14
Amandine Arnaud, Sandrine Lioret, Stéphanie Vandentorren, Yann Le Strat
Background: Food insecurity is a major concern in homeless population, however nutritional consequences remain poorly documented, especially for children. The objective of this study was to assess the prevalence of anaemia and to investigate the relation between both food insecurity and dietary intake to moderate-to-severe anaemia (MSA) in homeless sheltered children. Methods: In 2013, a cross-sectional survey was conducted on a random sample of 801 sheltered homeless families in the Paris region...
November 17, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160842/environmental-exposure-to-dioxins-dibenzofurans-bisphenol-a-and-phthalates-in-children-with-and-without-autism-spectrum-disorder-living-near-the-gulf-of-mexico
#15
Mohammad H Rahbar, Hanes M Swingle, MacKinsey A Christian, Manouchehr Hessabi, MinJae Lee, Meagan R Pitcher, Sean Campbell, Amy Mitchell, Ryan Krone, Katherine A Loveland, Donald G Patterson
Environmental exposure to organic endocrine disrupting chemicals, including dioxins, dibenzofurans, bisphenol A (BPA), and phthalates has been associated with neurodevelopmental disorders, including autism spectrum disorder (ASD). We conducted a pilot monitoring study of 30 ASD cases and 10 typically developing (TD) controls ages 2-8 years from communities along the Gulf of Mexico near Alabama, which houses 14 Superfund sites, to assess the concentrations of dioxins and dibenzofurans in serum, and BPA and phthalate ester metabolites in urine...
November 21, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160432/hypertriglyceridemic-waist-phenotype-and-nutritional-factors-a-study-with-participants-of-elsa-brasil
#16
Juliana Rodrigues de Andrade, Gustavo Velasquez-Melendez, Sandhi Maria Barreto, Taísa Sabrina Silva Pereira, José Geraldo Mill, Maria Del Carmen Bisi Molina
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association between fat and fiber intakes and the hypertriglyceridemic waist phenotype (HWP). METHODS: Cross-sectional survey conducted from the baseline of Brazilian Longitudinal Study of Health Adult (ELSA-Brasil). Anthropometric measurements were conducted and the body mass index was calculated (BMI). Participants were classified according to the presence of HWP when waist circumference ≥ 102 and ≥ 88 cm, respectively, in men and women, and triglycerides ≥ 150 mg/dL...
July 2017: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia, Brazilian Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160408/cognitive-performance-of-stunted-pre-school-children-undergoing-nutritional-recovery-treatment
#17
Thaíse Morais Silva, Nassib Bezerra Bueno, Maria de Lourdes da Silva Gomes de Azevedo, Ana Paula Grotti Clemente, Telma Maria de Menezes Toledo Florêncio
OBJECTIVE: To determine if the treatment of stunted children offered at a specialized center influences their cognitive performance. METHODS: Two groups of children from vulnerable families were selected, one consisting of stunted children being treated at the Nutrition Education and Recovery Center (CREN), and the other group of eutrophic children from a local, public day care center. At CREN, children are treated in a day-hospital system (9 hours/day, 5 days/week), receiving medical, nutritional and psycho-pedagogical support...
November 13, 2017: Revista Paulista de Pediatria: Orgão Oficial da Sociedade de Pediatria de São Paulo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160186/the-impact-of-urban-gardens-on-adequate-and-healthy-food-a-systematic-review
#18
Mariana T Garcia, Silvana M Ribeiro, Ana Claudia Camargo Gonçalves Germani, Cláudia M Bógus
OBJECTIVE: To examine the impacts on food and nutrition-related outcomes resulting from participation in urban gardens, especially on healthy food practices, healthy food access, and healthy food beliefs, knowledge and attitudes. DESIGN: The systematic review identified studies by searching the PubMed, ERIC, LILACS, Web of Science and Embase databases. An assessment of quality and bias risk of the studies was carried out and a narrative summary was produced. SETTING: Studies published as original articles in peer-reviewed scientific journals in English, Spanish or Portuguese between 2005 and 2015 were included...
November 21, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159808/association-between-height-and-periodontitis-in-korean-adults-results-from-knhanes-iv-and-v
#19
S-H Shim, D-H Han
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Evidence shows that a short stature in adulthood is associated with chronic diseases. However, few studies have investigated the association between height and periodontitis. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between adult height and periodontitis and to assess the roles of covariates in different birth cohorts of Korea. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study using the data from the 4th and 5th Korea National Health and Nutritional Examination Survey...
November 20, 2017: Journal of Periodontal Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158896/factors-associated-with-minimal-meal-frequency-and-dietary-diversity-practices-among-infants-and-young-children-in-the-predominantly-agrarian-society-of-bale-zone-southeast-ethiopia-a-community-based-cross-sectional-study
#20
Mekonnen Tegegne, Semere Sileshi, Tomas Benti, Mulusew Teshome, Haile Woldie
Background: Poor infant and young child feeding (IYCF) practices in the first 2 years of age are among major causes of childhood malnutrition, in developing countries including Ethiopia. It results in irreversible outcomes of stunting, poor cognitive development, and significantly increases risks of many chronic and infectious diseases. This study was intended to assess factors associated with minimum meal frequency and minimum dietary diversity practice among children aged 6-23 months in the predominantly agrarian society of Bale zone, Southeast Ethiopia...
2017: Archives of Public Health, Archives Belges de Santé Publique
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