keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Nutrition assessment

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342407/vitamin-d-and-iron-deficiencies-in-children-and-adolescents-with-cerebral-palsy
#1
C Le Roy, S Barja, C Sepúlveda, M L Guzmán, M Olivarez, M J Figueroa, M Alvarez
INTRODUCTION: Children and adolescents with cerebral palsy (CP) are at a greater risk of malnutrition and micronutrient deficiencies. Two deficiencies that we can study and treat are vitaminD (VD) and iron deficiencies; however, no studies have described these deficiencies in Chile. OBJECTIVE: To describe the status of VD and iron in patients with CP and evaluate the relationship with certain factors associated with deficiencies of these micronutrients. PATIENTS AND METHOD: We performed a descriptive, cross-sectional study including 69 patients aged between 2 and 21years, from two public hospitals...
January 13, 2018: Neurología: Publicación Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Neurología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342218/cross-lagged-structural-equation-models-for-the-relationship-between-health-related-state-and-behaviours-and-body-bullying-in-adolescence-findings-from-longitudinal-study-elana
#2
Viviane S Straatmann, Ylva B Almquist, Aldair J Oliveira, Mikael Rostila, Claudia S Lopes
We investigated the stability and the directionality of being body bullied and a set of four variables- 1) Body Mass Index (BMI), 2) moderate and vigorous physical activity (MVPA), 3) television time (TV) and 4) video game/computer time (VG)-, termed in the present study as 'health-related state and behaviours (HRSB)'-across adolescence. The Adolescent Nutritional Assessment Longitudinal Study (ELANA) is a cohort study conducted among middle school students from two public and four private schools in Rio de Janeiro-Brazil...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341979/wilson-s-disease-in-children-a-position-paper-by-the-european-society-for-paediatric-gastroenterology-hepatology-and-nutrition-committee
#3
Piotr Socha, Wojciech Janczyk, Anil Dhawan, Ulrich Baumann, Lorenzo D'Antiga, Stuart Tanner, Raffaele Iorio, Pietro Vajro, Roderick Houwen, Björn Fischler, Antal Dezsofi, Nedim Hadzic, Loreto Hierro, Jörg Jahnel, Valérie McLin, Valerio Nobili, Francoise Smets, Henkjan J Verkade, Dominique Debray
BACKGROUND: Clinical presentations of Wilson's disease (WD) in childhood ranges from asymptomatic liver disease to cirrhosis or acute liver failure, while neurological and psychiatric symptoms are rare. The basic diagnostic approach includes serum ceruloplasmin and 24h-urinary copper excretion. Final diagnosis of WD can be established using a diagnostic scoring system based on symptoms, biochemical tests assessing copper metabolism and molecular analysis of mutations in the ATP7B gene...
October 26, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340964/geriatric-nutritional-risk-index-as-a-simple-tool-for-assessment-of-malnutrition-among-geriatrics-in-northwest-of-iran-comparison-with-mini-nutritional-assessment
#4
Maryam Saghafi-Asl, Elnaz Vaghef-Mehrabany, Nahid Karamzad, Lida Daeiefarshbaf, Parinaz Kalejahi, Mohammad Asghari-Jafarabadi
BACKGROUND: Older people are more likely to develop nutritional problems and timely diagnosis of malnutrition is crucial to prevent hazardous consequences following poor nutrition. AIMS: To evaluate the efficacy of Geriatric Nutritional Risk Index (GNRI) to assess nutritional status among non-hospitalized elderly, compared to mini nutritional assessment (MNA) among Iranian seniors. METHODS: One hundred and sixty-four subjects, aged ≥ 65 years old were recruited to our cross-sectional study from various districts of Tabriz (Tabriz, Iran)...
January 16, 2018: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340834/limited-daily-feeding-and-intermittent-feeding-have-different-effects-on-regional-brain-energy-homeostasis-during-aging
#5
Kosara Smiljanic, Smilja Todorovic, Aleksandra Mladenovic Djordjevic, Tim Vanmierlo, Dieter Lütjohann, Sanja Ivkovic, Selma Kanazir
Albeit aging is an inevitable process, the rate of aging is susceptible to modifications. Dietary restriction (DR) is a vigorous nongenetic and nonpharmacological intervention that is known to delay aging and increase healthspan in diverse species. This study aimed to compare the impact of different restricting feeding regimes such as limited daily feeding (LDF, 60% AL) and intermittent feeding (IF) on brain energy homeostasis during aging. The analysis was focused on the key molecules in glucose and cholesterol metabolism in the cortex and hippocampus of middle-aged (12-month-old) and aged (24-month-old) male Wistar rats...
January 16, 2018: Biogerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340580/population-specific-biomarkers-of-human-aging-a-big-data-study-using-south-korean-canadian-and-eastern-european-patient-populations
#6
Polina Mamoshina, Kirill Kochetov, Evgeny Putin, Franco Cortese, Alexander Aliper, Won-Suk Lee, Sung-Min Ahn, Lee Uhn, Neil Skjodt, Olga Kovalchuk, Morten Scheibye-Knudsen, Alex Zhavoronkov
Accurate and physiologically meaningful biomarkers for human aging are key to assessing anti-aging therapies. Given ethnic differences in health, diet, lifestyle, behaviour, environmental exposures and even average rate of biological aging, it stands to reason that aging clocks trained on datasets obtained from specific ethnic populations are more likely to account for these potential confounding factors, resulting in an enhanced capacity to predict chronological age and quantify biological age. Here we present a deep learning-based hematological aging clock modeled using the large combined dataset of Canadian, South Korean and Eastern European population blood samples that show increased predictive accuracy in individual populations compared to population-specific hematologic aging clocks...
January 11, 2018: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340457/diet-quality-of-patients-with-chronic-chagas-disease-in-a-tertiary-hospital-a-case-control-study
#7
Mariana Pereira de Castilhos, Grazielle Vilas Bôas Huguenin, Paulo Rogério Melo Rodrigues, Emília Matos do Nascimento, Basílio de Bragança Pereira, Roberto Coury Pedrosa
INTRODUCTION: Nutritional status has been implicated in the modulation of the immune response, possibly augmenting the pathogenesis of Chagas disease (Cd). We evaluated diet quality and nutritional status in adults and elderly patients with chronic Cd in a tertiary hospital. METHODS: A case-control study of Cd patients was conducted, paired for gender, age, and co-morbidities with non-Cd patients. Anthropometric measurements and food frequency questionnaire was used, and diet quality was assessed by the Brazilian Healthy Eating Index-Revised (BHEI-R)...
November 2017: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340260/nutritional-status-is-associated-with-the-return-home-in-a-long-term-care-health-facility
#8
Yuri Nishida, Hidetaka Wakabayashi, Keisuke Maeda, Shinta Nishioka
Background: The purpose of this study was to determine the association between nutritional status and the return home of older people living in a long-term care health facility (LCHF). Methods: A nested case control study was performed in 116 people ≥65 years of age in a single LCHF. Nutritional status was assessed using the Mini Nutritional Assessment Short Form (MNA-SF) and activities of daily living by the Functional Independence Measure (FIM). The return home, duration of rehabilitation, and the family wanting the patient to return home were obtained from clinical records...
January 2018: Journal of General and Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340151/reference-values-for-spirometry-in-elderly-individuals-a-cross-sectional-study-of-different-reference-equations
#9
Joana Belo, Teresa Palmeiro, Iolanda Caires, Ana L Papoila, Marta Alves, Pedro Carreiro-Martins, Maria A Botelho, Nuno Neuparth
Background: Spirometry is the single most important test for the evaluation of respiratory function. The results are interpreted by comparing measured data with predicted values previously obtained from a reference population. Reference equations for spirometry have been discussed previously. The aim of this study was to compare reference values based on National Health and Nutrition Assessment Survey (NHANES III), European Community of Steel and Coal (ECSC), and Global Lung Initiative (GLI) equations in an elderly sample population...
2018: Multidisciplinary Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339828/fish-consumption-and-depression-in-korean-adults-the-korea-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-2013-2015
#10
Yeonji Yang, Youjin Je
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: There is a growing body of evidence that supports the potential role of fish consumption in relation to depression, but the data in Korean population is scarce. Thus, we examined the association between fish consumption and depression in Korean adults. SUBJECTS/METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study in 9183 Korean adults aged 19-64 years who participated in the 6TH Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (2013-2015), which is a large nationally representative study of Korean population...
January 17, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338954/perceived-and-observed-food-environments-eating-behaviors-and-bmi
#11
Julia M Alber, Sarah H Green, Karen Glanz
INTRODUCTION: This study examines relationships between perceived and observed nutrition environments, diet, and BMI, in order to examine the criterion validity of the Nutrition Environment Measures Survey-Perceived (NEMS-P). METHODS: In a cross-sectional study, perceived nutrition environments were assessed (NEMS-P) among 221 adults from four neighborhoods in the Philadelphia area in 2010 and 2011. A total of 158 food store environments were observed using the NEMS-Stores...
January 12, 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338835/general-health-wellbeing-and-oral-health-of-patients-older-than-75-years-attending-health-assessments
#12
Dominic Keuskamp, Najith Amarasena, Madhan Balasubramanian, David S Brennan
Annual health assessments by general practices for community-dwelling people aged 75 years and over are important for the early intervention and monitoring of chronic health conditions, including oral disease. Uptake of the health assessment to date has been poor, and little is known of the general and oral health profile of patients. Older patients attending health assessments at general practices in South Australia were sampled for this study. Data on demographic and socioeconomic characteristics, and patients' general and oral health, were collected by mailed questionnaire from 459 respondents...
January 17, 2018: Australian Journal of Primary Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338801/how-immediate-and-significant-is-the-outcome-of-training-on-diversified-diets-hygiene-and-food-safety-an-effort-to-mitigate-child-undernutrition-in-rural-malawi
#13
Anitha Seetha, Takuji W Tsusaka, Timalizge W Munthali, Maggie Musukwa, Agnes Mwangwela, Zione Kalumikiza, Tinna Manani, Lizzie Kachulu, Nelson Kumwenda, Mike Musoke, Patrick Okori
OBJECTIVE: The present study examined the impacts of training on nutrition, hygiene and food safety designed by the Nutrition Working Group, Child Survival Collaborations and Resources Group (CORE). DESIGN: Adapted from the 21d Positive Deviance/Hearth model, mothers were trained on the subjects of appropriate complementary feeding, water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) practices, and aflatoxin contamination in food. To assess the impacts on child undernutrition, a randomised controlled trial was implemented on a sample of 179 mothers and their children (<2 years old) in two districts of Malawi, namely Mzimba and Balaka...
January 17, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338760/increased-plasmodium-chabaudi-malaria-mortality-in-mice-with-nutritional-iron-deficiency-can-be-reduced-by-short-term-adjunctive-iron-supplementation
#14
Filip C Castberg, Lasse Maretty, Trine Staalsoe, Casper Hempel, Erik Clasen-Linde, Lars Hviid, Jørgen A L Kurtzhals
BACKGROUND: Iron deficiency is the most widespread nutrient deficiency and an important cause of developmental impairment in children. However, some studies have indicated that iron deficiency can also protect against malaria, which is a leading cause of childhood morbidity and mortality in large parts of the world. This has rendered interventions against iron deficiency in malaria-endemic areas controversial. METHODS: The effect of nutritional iron deficiency on the clinical outcome of Plasmodium chabaudi AS infection in A/J mice and the impact of intravenous iron supplementation with ferric carboxymaltose were studied before and after parasite infection...
January 16, 2018: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338739/interventions-for-preventing-or-treating-malnutrition-in-homeless-problem-drinkers-a-systematic-review
#15
REVIEW
Sharea Ijaz, Helen Thorley, Katie Porter, Clare Fleming, Tim Jones, Joanna Kesten, Loubaba Mamluk, Alison Richards, Elsa M R Marques, Jelena Savović
BACKGROUND: Excessive drinking leads to poor absorption of nutrients and homeless problem-drinkers often have nutritionally inadequate diets. Depletion of nutrients such as vitamin B1 can lead to cognitive impairment, which can hinder efforts to reduce drinking or engage with services. This review aimed to assess effectiveness of interventions designed to prevent or treat malnutrition in homeless problem-drinkers. METHODS: We systematically searched nine electronic databases and 13 grey literature sources for studies evaluating interventions to improve nutrition in homeless populations, without regional or language restrictions...
January 16, 2018: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338731/effective-nationwide-school-based-participatory-extramural-program-on-adolescent-body-mass-index-health-knowledge-and-behaviors
#16
Moonseong Heo, Camille C Jimenez, Jean Lim, Carmen R Isasi, Arthur E Blank, David W Lounsbury, Lynn Fredericks, Michelle Bouchard, Myles S Faith, Judith Wylie
BACKGROUND: Adolescent obesity is a major public health concern. Open to all high school students regardless of weight status, HealthCorps is a nationwide program offering a comprehensive high school-based participatory educational program to indirectly address obesity. We tested a hypothesis that the HealthCorps program would decrease BMI z-scores among overweight or obese students, and reduce obesity rates, and evaluated its effects on health knowledge and behaviors. METHODS: HealthCorps aimed to improve student knowledge and behaviors regarding nutrition quality, physical activity, sleep, breakfast intake, and mental resilience...
January 16, 2018: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338698/enteral-immunonutrition-versus-enteral-nutrition-for-gastric-cancer-patients-undergoing-a-total-gastrectomy-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#17
Ying Cheng, Junfeng Zhang, Liwei Zhang, Juan Wu, Zhen Zhan
BACKGROUND: Nutrition support is a common means for patients with gastric cancer, especially for those undergoing elective surgery. Recently, enteral immunonutrition (EIN) was increasingly found to be more effective than enteral nutrition (EN) in enhancing the host immunity and eventually improving the prognosis of gastric cancer patients undergoing gastrectomy. However, the results reported were not consistent. This meta-analysis aimed to assess the impact of EIN for patients with GC on biochemical, immune indices and clinical outcomes...
January 16, 2018: BMC Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338077/blenderized-enteral-nutrition-diet-study-feasibility-clinical-and-microbiome-outcomes-of-providing-blenderized-feeds-through-a-gastric-tube-in-a-medically-complex-pediatric-population
#18
Kelsey Gallagher, Annika Flint, Marialena Mouzaki, Andrea Carpenter, Beth Haliburton, Louise Bannister, Holly Norgrove, Lisa Hoffman, David Mack, Alain Stintzi, Margaret Marcon
BACKGROUND: Chronically ill children often require feeding via gastrostomy tubes (G-tubes). Commercial formula is most commonly used for enteral feeding; however, caregivers have been requesting blenderized tube feeds (BTFs) as an alternative. The objective of this study was to evaluate the feasibility of using BTFs in a medically complex pediatric population and assess their impact on clinical outcomes, as well as the microbiota. METHODS: Twenty pediatric participants were included...
January 16, 2018: JPEN. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337880/the-sodium-and-potassium-content-of-the-most-commonly-available-street-foods-in-tajikistan-and-kyrgyzstan-in-the-context-of-the-feedcities-project
#19
Inês Lança de Morais, Nuno Lunet, Gabriela Albuquerque, Marcello Gelormini, Susana Casal, Albertino Damasceno, Olívia Pinho, Pedro Moreira, Jo Jewell, João Breda, Patrícia Padrão
This cross-sectional study is aimed at assessing sodium (Na) and potassium (K) content and the molar Na:K ratios of the most commonly available ready-to-eat street foods in Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan. Four different samples of each of these foods were collected and 62 food categories were evaluated through bromatological analysis. Flame photometry was used to quantify sodium and potassium concentrations. The results show that home-made foods can be important sources of sodium. In particular, main dishes and sandwiches, respectively, contain more than 1400 and nearly 1000 mg Na in an average serving and provide approximately 70% and 50% of the maximum daily recommended values...
January 16, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337382/frailty-in-patients-with-acute-myeloid-leukaemia-conceptual-misapprehension-of-chronological-age
#20
E G Umit, M Baysal, A M Demir
In haematology practice, patients with acute myeloid leukaemia (AML) are generally assessed for frailty only if they are older and not able to tolerate intensive and remission targeted treatments. We aimed to focus on frailty in patients with AML, in all ages and aimed to evaluate its role and practicality in daily routine. Data of patients diagnosed and treated for AML between 2006 and 2016 are recorded and assessed for their survival predictivity. One hundred and ninety-seven patients were <65 years of age and 175 were ≥65...
January 16, 2018: European Journal of Cancer Care
keyword
keyword
47238
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"