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Adult malnutrition

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051981/preoperative-optimization-of-patients-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease-undergoing-gastrointestinal-surgery-a-systematic-review
#1
REVIEW
Marie Strøm Zangenberg, Nir Horesh, Uri Kopylov, Alaa El-Hussuna
PURPOSE: Surgical management of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a challenging task. The aim of preoperative optimization (PO) is to decrease the risk of complications and reduce the length of postoperative stay. The aim of this study was to review and grade the available evidence, attain clear recommendations, and point out potential future research. METHODS: Studies were identified from electronic databases (PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane Library) and scanning reference lists in relevant papers...
October 19, 2017: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044558/adolescent-pregnancy-and-nutrition-a-subgroup-analysis-from-the-mamachiponde-study-in-malawi
#2
Alyssa Friebert, Meghan Callaghan-Gillespie, Peggy C Papathakis, Mark J Manary
Young age at childbearing (≤19 years) is common and associated with poor birth outcomes. A trial among Malawian pregnant women with moderate malnutrition was used to determine outcomes of young adolescents (≤18 years), older adolescents (18-20 years), and adults (>20 years). Women received one of three supplementary foods that provided ∼900 kcal/day and 33-36 g protein/day and returned every 2 weeks. Newborn/maternal measurements were taken at delivery and after 6 and 12 weeks. Upon enrollment, adolescents had greater body mass index than adults (19...
October 16, 2017: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027963/optimizing-the-nutritional-support-of-adult-patients-in-the-setting-of-cirrhosis
#3
REVIEW
Brandon J Perumpail, Andrew A Li, George Cholankeril, Radhika Kumari, Aijaz Ahmed
AIM: The aim of this work is to develop a pragmatic approach in the assessment and management strategies of patients with cirrhosis in order to optimize the outcomes in this patient population. METHOD: A systematic review of literature was conducted through 8 July 2017 on the PubMed Database looking for key terms, such as malnutrition, nutrition, assessment, treatment, and cirrhosis. Articles and studies looking at associations between nutrition and cirrhosis were reviewed...
October 13, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025451/mid-upper-arm-circumference-a-surrogate-for-body-mass-index-in-pregnant-women
#4
Ahminah Fakier, Gregory Petro, S Fawcus
BACKGROUND: Nutrition in pregnancy has implications for both mother and fetus, hence the importance of an accurate assessment at the booking visit during antenatal care. The body mass index (BMI, kg/m2) is currently the gold standard for measuring body fatness. However, pregnancy-associated weight gain and oedema, as well as late booking in our population setting, cause concern about the reliability of using the BMI to assess body fat or nutritional status in pregnancy. The mid-upper arm circumference (MUAC) has been used for many decades to assess malnutrition in children aged <5 years...
June 30, 2017: South African Medical Journal, Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023743/oral-health-for-an-ageing-population-the-importance-of-a-natural-dentition-in-older-adults
#5
Frauke Müller, Yoshihiro Shimazaki, Febronia Kahabuka, Martin Schimmel
Despite progress in dentistry, tooth loss in old age is still a reality, even more so in long-term-care residents. However, recent trends indicate that natural teeth are lost later in life. Functional decline and age-related pathologies have to be considered in oral health care for this vulnerable population. Retaining and restoring teeth and oral function in elders is important. Tooth loss significantly impairs masticatory performance, which cannot be fully restored by prosthodontic means. Hence an unconscious change in food intake occurs, often involving malnutrition and withdrawal from common meals...
September 2017: International Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016367/updates-in-nutrition-and-polypharmacy
#6
Milta O Little
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Medications have the potential to affect nutritional status in negative ways, especially as the number of medications increase. The inter-relation between polypharmacy and malnutrition is complex and not fully delineated in previous studies. More research has been done and compiled in the last year, which helps to clarify this relationship. This review brings together the most recent literature with the previous research to help healthcare providers to better assess and manage medication therapy in older adults...
October 7, 2017: Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition and Metabolic Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28976806/magnetic-compression-anastomosis-magnamosis-for-functional-undiversion-of-ileostomy-in-pediatric-patients
#7
Luzia Toselli, Marcelo Martinez-Ferro, Guillermo Cervio, Dillon Kwiat, Jill Imamura-Ching, Claire E Graves, Brandon Gaston, Michael Harrison
INTRODUCTION: Magnamosis forms a compression anastomosis using self-aligning magnetic Harrison rings. The device has been approved by the Food and Drug Administration for first-in-human testing and has been applied in adults for intestinal anastomosis during urologic reconstructions. We now report the first cases of magnamosis to functionally undivert the fecal stream from a previously created loop ileostomy in pediatric patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Case 1: A 4-year-old male underwent a diverting loop ileostomy for malignant bowel obstruction...
October 4, 2017: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28973402/2017-update-on-medical-overuse-a-systematic-review
#8
Daniel J Morgan, Sanket S Dhruva, Eric R Coon, Scott M Wright, Deborah Korenstein
Importance: Overuse of medical care is a well-recognized problem. Objective: To identify and highlight original research articles published in 2016 that are most relevant to understanding medical overuse or strategies to reduce it. Evidence Review: A structured review of English-language articles on PubMed published in 2016 coupled with examination of tables of contents of high-impact journals to identify articles related to medical overuse in adults...
October 2, 2017: JAMA Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969866/oral-nutritional-support-with-or-without-exercise-in-the-management-of-malnutrition-in-nutritionally-vulnerable-older-people-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#9
Jessie Wright, Christine Baldwin
BACKGROUND: Physical functioning declines with advancing age and compounds malnutrition, common in elderly populations. A dual-intervention combining oral nutritional support and exercise may delay these changes. Our aims were to assess whether exercise combined with oral nutritional support (ONS) has greater improvements on physical functioning, quality of life and nutritional status than nutrition intervention alone in nutritionally vulnerable older adults. METHODS: Three electronic databases were searched for randomised controlled trials of older adults judged to be: sarcopenic, cachexic, frail, malnourished, and/or at risk of malnutrition, receiving ONS and exercise compared to nutrition intervention alone...
September 9, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28964721/malnutrition-inflamation-and-atherosclerosis-mia-syndrome-in-patients-with-end-stage-renal-disease-on-maintenance-hemodialysis-a-single-centre-experience
#10
Ali Abdulmajid Dyab Allawi
BACKGROUND: Inflammation and malnutrition play an important role in endothelial dysfunction, atherosclerosis and excessive cardiovascular morbidity and mortality in ESRD patients AIM OF THE STUDY: The primary objective is to determine the prevalence of inflammation, malnutrition and atherosclerosis in patients on maintenance haemodialysis. Secondary objective was to determine the association for atherosclerosis with inflammation and malnutrition. PATIENT AND METHODS: One hundred and one adult patients with end stage renal disease on maintenance haemodialysis who are met with the exclusion criteria were enrolled in this cross sectional study from haemodialysis unit of Baghdad teaching hospital over the period of July/2015 - June 2016...
September 21, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28960535/nutrition-related-hospital-presentations-and-admissions-among-radiotherapy-outpatients-a-systematic-literature-review
#11
REVIEW
E Hazzard, K Walton, A-T McMahon, M Milosavljevic, L C Tapsell
BACKGROUND: Unplanned presentations and admissions to hospital among outpatients with cancer are a key indicator of quality care in cancer services. Nutritional issues including malnutrition and dehydration, which fall under the dietitian's scope of practice, can result in unplanned contacts. The present review focused on cancer outpatients undergoing radiotherapy as a particular at risk group and aimed to provide a comprehensive overview of the range and prevalence of nutrition-related unplanned contacts and the associated factors, including the role of dietetic intervention...
September 28, 2017: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28958666/pearls-of-optimizing-nutrition-and-physical-performance-of-older-adults-undergoing-cancer-therapy
#12
Antonio Vigano, Popi Kasvis, Jonathan Di Tomasso, Chelsia Gillis, Robert Kilgour, Franco Carli
As the global population continues to age, the prevalence of cancer is increasing, with more than half of new cancer diagnoses occurring in those aged 65years and older. As a result of improved oncological care, a greater number of older patients undergo treatment, either chemoradiotherapy or surgery or both. The older oncology patient is not part of a homogenous group; chronological age poorly describes the health status of an individual. Comprehensive geriatric assessment (CGA) identifies domains, assessed by a multidisciplinary team, that should be considered to guide appropriate oncological treatment decisions...
September 22, 2017: Journal of Geriatric Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28956960/causes-of-malnutrition-in-older-adults-and-what-can-be-done-to-prevent-it
#13
Aimee McEvilly
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2, 2017: British Journal of Community Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931524/degree-of-anemia-indirect-markers-of-hemolysis-and-vascular-complications-of-sickle-cell-disease-in-africa
#14
Marie Dubert, Jacques Elion, Aissata Tolo, Dapa Aly Diallo, Saliou Diop, Ibrahima Diagne, Ibrahima Sanogo, Suzanne Belinga, Odette Guifo, Guillaume Wamba, Françoise Ngo Sack, Kouakou Boidy, Ismael Kamara, Youssouf Traore, Cheick Oumar Diakite, Valérie Gbonon, Blaise Felix Faye, Moussa Seck, Indou Deme Ly, David Chelo, Roland N'Guetta, Ibrahima Bara Diop, Bamba Gaye, Xavier Jouven, Brigitte Ranque
The hyperhemolysis paradigm that describes overlapping "hyperhemolytic-endothelial dysfunction" and "high hemoglobin-hyperviscous" subphenotypes of sickle cell disease (SCD) patients is based on North American studies. We performed a transversal study nested in the CADRE cohort to analyze the association between steady-state hemolysis and vascular complications of SCD among sub-Saharan African patients. In Mali, Cameroon, and Ivory Coast, 2,407 SCD patients (1,751 SS-Sβ(0), 495 SC and 161 Sβ(+)), aged three years old and over, were included at steady-state...
September 20, 2017: Blood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929948/moderately-high-protein-enteral-formula-improved-retinol-binding-protein-in-tube-fed-patients-a-multicentre-open-study
#15
Veeradej Pisprasert, Prapimporn Chattranukulchai Shantavasinkul, Sornwichate Rattanachaiwong, Tanarat Lepananon, Surat Komindr
BACKGROUND: Long-term inadequate dietary consumption may increase the possibility of malnutrition, morbidity and mortality. Enteral nutrition (EN) is a beneficial support that could help to maintain nutritional status and gut function. AIM: Our aim was to evaluate the effect of moderately high-protein enteral formula containing fibre on nutritional status, and its safety. METHOD: A total of 23 tube-feeding-dependent adult patients were included in this multicentre, open-label study...
September 2017: Nutrition and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923171/potential-early-biomarkers-of-sarcopenia-among-independent-older-adults
#16
Ana Coto Montes, José Antonio Boga, Carlos Bermejo Millo, Adrián Rubio González, Yaiza Potes Ochoa, Ignacio Vega Naredo, Marta Martínez Reig, Luis Romero Rizos, Pedro Manuel Sánchez Jurado, Juan Jose Solano, Pedro Abizanda, Beatriz Caballero
OBJECTIVES: There are no tools or biomarkers for a quantitative analysis of sarcopenia. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study of the diagnosis of sarcopenia in 200 independent adults aged 70 years or over. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Sarcopenia was defined as loss of muscle mass together with low strength and/or loss of physical performance. We considered different clinical parameters and assayed potential blood biomarkers (cell energetic metabolism, muscle performance, inflammation, infection and oxidative stress)...
October 2017: Maturitas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919976/impacts-of-prenatal-nutrition-on-animal-production-and-performance-a-focus-on-growth-and-metabolic-and-endocrine-function-in-sheep
#17
REVIEW
Prabhat Khanal, Mette Olaf Nielsen
The concept of foetal programming (FP) originated from human epidemiological studies, where foetal life nutrition was linked to health and disease status later in life. Since the proposal of this phenomenon, it has been evaluated in various animal models to gain further insights into the mechanisms underlying the foetal origins of health and disease in humans. In FP research, the sheep has been quite extensively used as a model for humans. In this paper we will review findings mainly from our Copenhagen sheep model, on the implications of late gestation malnutrition for growth, development, and metabolic and endocrine functions later in life, and discuss how these implications may depend on the diet fed to the animal in early postnatal life...
2017: Journal of Animal Science and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919912/the-isfahan-comprehensive-elderly-study-objectives-research-design-methodology-and-preliminary-results
#18
Zahra Heidari, Awat Feizi
BACKGROUND: This paper presents the objectives, research design, methodology, and primary findings of the Isfahan Comprehensive Elderly Study (ICES). MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, 603 elderly persons (aged 60 and over) were selected by multistage cluster sampling method from Isfahan, Iran, in 2016 comprehensive questionnaires along with a detailed interview were used to collect information on personal, family, socioeconomic, health and social services characteristics, life styles, physical illnesses and chronic diseases, mental, emotional and cognition disorders, quality of life, disabilities, sleep quality, social supports, life satisfaction, self-efficacy, and of participants...
2017: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919592/the-study-on-the-lives-and-health-conditions-of-internees-in-santo-thomas-camp-of-philippines-based-on-mcanlis-s-the-war-in-manila-1941-1945
#19
Jueyeon Lee, Youngsoo Cho
When Japan invaded the Philippines, two missionary dentists (Dr. McAnlis and Dr. Boots) who were forced to leave Korea were captured and interned in the Santo Thomas camp in Manila. Japan continued to bombard and plunder the Philippines in the wake of the Pacific War following the Great East Asia policy, leading to serious inflation and material deficiency. More than 4,000 Allied citizens held in Santo Thomas camp without basic food and shelter. Santo Thomas Camp was equipped with the systems of the Japanese military medical officers and Western doctors of captivity based on the Geneva Conventions(1929)...
August 2017: Ŭi Sahak
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913929/high-nutrition-risk-is-associated-with-higher-risk-of-dysphagia-in-advanced-age-adults-newly-admitted-to-hospital
#20
Amy Popman, Marilize Richter, Jacqueline Allen, Carol Wham
AIM: To establish the prevalence of nutrition risk and associated risk factors among adults of advanced age newly admitted to hospital. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was undertaken in adults aged over 85 years admitted to one of two hospital wards in Auckland within the previous 5 days. An interviewer-administered questionnaire was used to establish participant's socio-demographic and health characteristics. Markers of body composition and muscle strength were collected...
September 15, 2017: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
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