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glioma and lncRNA

Li-Min Xu, Lei Chen, Feng Li, Run Zhang, Zong-Yang Li, Fan-Fan Chen, Xiao-Dan Jiang
BACKGROUND: Gliomas are the most common type of primary brain tumour in the central nervous system of adults. The long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) HOXA transcript at the distal tip (HOTTIP) is transcribed from the 5' tip of the HOXA locus. HOTTIP has recently been shown to be dysregulated and play an important role in the progression of several cancers. However, little is known about whether and how HOTTIP regulates glioma development. METHODS: In this study, we assayed the expression of HOTTIP in glioma tissue samples and glioma cell lines using real-time polymerase chain reaction and defined the biological functions of HOTTIP using the CCK-8 assay, flow cytometry, terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase dUTP nick end labelling (TUNEL assay) and tumour formation assay in a nude mouse model...
October 12, 2016: Journal of Experimental & Clinical Cancer Research: CR
(no author information available yet)
The GMR editorial staff was alerted about some manuscripts that were found to be substantially equal. The Publisher and Editor decided to retract these articles in accordance with the recommendations of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE). After a thorough investigation, we have strong reason to believe that the peer review process was failure and, after review and contacting the authors, the editors of Genetics and Molecular Research decided to retract these articles. The authors and their institutions were advised of this serious breach of ethics...
September 30, 2016: Genetics and Molecular Research: GMR
Haiting Zhao, Renjun Peng, Qing Liu, Dingyang Liu, Peng Du, Jian Yuan, Gang Peng, Yiwei Liao
H19, one of the first found cancer-associated long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs), is involved in the development and progression of many types of tumors. An aberrant expression of H19 was observed in hepatocellular carcinoma, cervical cancer, breast cancer, ovarian cancer, and colorectal cancer. However, the exact effects and molecular mechanisms of H19 in glioma progression are still unknown up to now. In this study, we investigated the role of H19 in human glioma cell lines and clinical tumor samples in order to determine the function of this molecule...
September 28, 2016: Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics
Weijie Min, Dongwei Dai, Jiaqi Wang, Dandan Zhang, Yuhui Zhang, Guosheng Han, Lei Zhang, Chao Chen, Xiulong Li, Yanan Li, Zhijian Yue
BACKGROUND: Glioma remains a diagnostic challenge because of its variable clinical presentation and a lack of reliable screening tools. Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) regulate gene function in a wide range of pathophysiological processes and are therefore emerging biomarkers for prostate cancer, hepatic cancer, and other tumor diseases. However, the effective use of lncRNAs as biomarkers for the diagnosis of glioma remains unproven. METHODS: This study included 42 glioma patients and 10 healthy controls...
2016: PloS One
Qiao-Li Lv, Lei Hu, Shu-Hui Chen, Bao Sun, Meng-Long Fu, Chong-Zhen Qin, Qiang Qu, Gui-Hua Wang, Chen-Jie He, Hong-Hao Zhou
Emerging studies show that long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) have important roles in carcinogenesis. lncRNA ZEB1 antisense 1 (ZEB1-AS1) is a novel lncRNA, whose clinical significance, biological function, and underlying mechanism remains unclear in glioma. Here, we found that ZEB1-AS1 was highly expressed in glioma tissues, being closely related to clinical stage of glioma. Moreover, patients with high ZEB1-AS1 levels had poor prognoses, with the evidence provided by multivariate Cox regression analysis indicating that ZEB1-AS1 expression could serve as an independent prognostic factor in glioma patients...
2016: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Peng Jia, Heng Cai, Xiaobai Liu, Jiajia Chen, Jun Ma, Ping Wang, Yunhui Liu, Jian Zheng, Yixue Xue
Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) play crucial roles in the development and progression of glioma. Previous studies indicated that lncRNA H19 regulated tumor carcinogenesis, angiogenesis and metastasis. This study aimed to investigate its functional role in glioma-induced endothelial cell proliferation, migration and tube formation as well as its possible molecular mechanisms. H19 was up-regulated in microvessels from glioma tissues and glioma-associated endothelial cells (GEC) cultured in glioma conditioned medium...
October 28, 2016: Cancer Letters
Y Zhou, D-L Wang, Q Pang
OBJECTIVE: Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) are emerging as biomarkers and as important regulators of the biological processes and tumorigenesis in cancer. The purpose of this study is to investigate the clinical significance of lncRNA SPRY4-IT1 in glioma. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The expression level of SPRY4-IT1 was examined by the quantitative Real-time PCR (qRT-PCR) in glioma tissues and control tissues and its association with overall survival of patients was analyzed by statistical analysis...
July 2016: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
Guan Wang, Zhaohui Li, Nan Tian, Liang Han, Yao Fu, Zhigang Guo, Yu Tian
Increasing evidence suggests that long non coding (lnc)RNA and microRNA (miRNA/miR) both regulate the expression of key genes in tumorigenesis and have considerable theranostic potential. Rapid advances in bioinformatics indicate that miRNA may potentially interact with lncRNA to modulate their regulatory roles. miR-148b-3p has been reported to have a vital role in regulating tumor progression. However, the expression pattern of miR-148b-3p in glioma remains largely unknown, and interactions between miR-148b-3p and lncRNA has yet to be identified...
August 2016: Oncology Letters
Li Li, Miao Gu, Bo You, Si Shi, Ying Shan, Lili Bao, Yiwen You
Nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) is one of the most common malignancies of the head and neck. It arises from the nasopharynx epithelium and is associated with high morbidity and mortality. Long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) have been reported to regulate gene interaction and play critical roles in carcinogenesis and progression. LncRNA-ROR, a recently identified lncRNA, has been shown to be involved in initiation, progression and metastasis of several tumors, including hepatocellular carcinoma, breast cancer and glioma...
September 2016: Cancer Science
Tugce Balci, Sunde Yilmaz Susluer, Cagla Kayabasi, Besra Ozmen Yelken, Cigir Biray Avci, Cumhur Gunduz
Long non coding RNAs (lncRNAs) are associated with various biological roles such as embryogenesis, stem cell biology, cellular development and present specific tissue expression profiles. Aberrant expression of lncRNAs are thought to play a critical role in the progression and development of various cancer types, including gliomas. Glioblastomas (GBM) are common and malignant primary brain tumours. Brain cancer stem cells (BCSC) are isolated from both low and high-grade tumours in adults and children, by cell fraction which express neuronal stem cell surface marker CD133...
September 15, 2016: Gene
Kan Fang, Peifeng Liu, Suyan Dong, Yanjie Guo, Xinxin Cui, Xiaoying Zhu, Xuan Li, Lianghan Jiang, Te Liu, Yuncheng Wu
Glioma stem cells (GSCs) are a special subpopulation of glioma cells that are key to the sensitivity of tumors to treatments and to the possibility of tumor recurrence. Identifying new strategies that inhibit the growth of GSCs are therefore important for developing novel therapies for glioblastoma multiforme (GBM). In this study, CD133+ human glioma stem cells were isolated and cultured. Magnetic nanoparticles were used to mediate the expression of siRNAs targeting the HOTAIR (si-HOTAIR) sequence in human gliomas...
August 2016: International Journal of Oncology
Chun-Chun Ma, Zhang Xiong, Guan-Nan Zhu, Chao Wang, Gang Zong, Hong-Liang Wang, Er-Bao Bian, Bing Zhao
BACKGROUND: Glioma is one of the most common and aggressive primary malignant tumor in the brain. Accumulating evidences indicated that aberrantly expressed non-coding RNAs (ncRNAs), including long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) and microRNAs (miRNAs), contribute to tumorigenesis. However, potential mechanisms between lncRNAs and miRNAs in glioma remain largely unknown. METHODS: Long non-coding RNA activated by TGF-β (LncRNA-ATB) expression in glioma tissues and cells was quantified by quantitative reverse transcription-PCR...
2016: Journal of Experimental & Clinical Cancer Research: CR
Hongsheng Yue, Jie Zhu, Shugang Xie, Fangfang Li, Qun Xu
BACKGROUND: Growing number of long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) are emerging as new modulators in cancer origination and progression. A lncRNA, mediator of DNA damage checkpoint protein 1antisense RNA (MDC1-AS), with unknown function, is the antisense transcript of tumor suppressor MDC1. METHOD: In this study, we investigated the expression pattern and functional role of lncRNA MDC1-AS in glioma by using real time PCR and gain-/loss-of-function studies. RESULT: The results showed that the expression levels of lncRNA MDC1-AS and MDC1 were significantly downregulated in glioma tissues compared with normal brain tissues, and in glioma cell lines U87MG, U251 and HEB...
July 2016: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
Yunjie Cao, Renfang Xu, Xianlin Xu, Yaojun Zhou, Li Cui, Xiaozhou He
Several long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) have been identified that may have a crucial role in tumor progression and metastasis. The lncRNA cancer susceptibility candidate 2 (CASC2) has previously been reported to act as a tumor suppressor gene in glioma and colorectal cancer. However, the expression and function of CASC2 in renal cell carcinoma (RCC) remains to be elucidated. The present study confirmed that CASC2 was downregulated in human RCC tissues and human RCC cell lines (786‑O and A498). Restoration of CASC2 expression via transfection with a pcDNA3...
July 2016: Molecular Medicine Reports
Jianping Xiang, Shifeng Guo, Shuling Jiang, Yuelong Xu, Jiwei Li, Li Li, Jinyu Xiang
The metastasis-associated lung adenocarcinoma transcription 1 (MALAT1) is a highly conserved long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) gene. However, little is known about the pathological role of lncRNA MALAT1 in glioma. In the present study, we explored the expression level of lncRNA MALAT1 in primary glioma tissues as well as in U87 and U251 glioma cell lines. Using qRT-PCR, we found that the expression of lncRNA MALAT1 was significantly increased in glioma tissues compared with that of paracancerous tissues. Meanwhile, the expression of MALAT1 was highly expressed in U98 and U251 cells...
May 2016: Journal of Korean Medical Science
Lei Hu, Qiao-Li Lv, Shu-Hui Chen, Bao Sun, Qiang Qu, Lin Cheng, Ying Guo, Hong-Hao Zhou, Lan Fan
Dysregulated long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) have been found in human diseases, especially in cancer. Emerging evidence indicates that dysregulated lncRNAs are implicated in tumorigenesis and cancer progression. LncRNA AB073614 characterized as a new candidate lncRNA promotes the development of ovarian cancer. However, the role of lncRNA AB073614 in human gliomas remains unknown. The expression of AB073614 was detected in 65 glioma tissues and 13 normal brain tissues by qRT-PCR, showing that lncRNA AB073614 expression was significantly up-regulated in cancerous tissues compared with normal brain tissues (p < 0...
April 2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Jian Zheng, Xiaobai Liu, Ping Wang, Yixue Xue, Jun Ma, Chengbin Qu, Yunhui Liu
Colorectal neoplasia differentially expressed (CRNDE) is the most upregulated long noncoding RNA (lncRNA) in glioma. Herein, the function and potential molecular mechanisms of CRNDE and miR-384 were illustrated in glioma cells. CRNDE overexpression facilitated cell proliferation, migration, and invasion, while inhibited glioma cells apoptosis. Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) demonstrated that miR-384 was downregulated in human glioma tissues and glioma cell lines. Moreover, restoration of miR-384 exerted tumor-suppressive functions...
August 2016: Molecular Therapy: the Journal of the American Society of Gene Therapy
Weiguo Li, Pengfei Jiang, Xiaoling Sun, Shujun Xu, Xiangyu Ma, Rucai Zhan
Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is a type of malignant carcinoma found in the brain. Its high frequency of occurrence and poor survival rate have garnered much research attention in recent years. Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) are known to be related to the formation and progression of several cancer types by both promoting and suppressing tumor transformation. H19 is one such lncRNA and has been shown to be upregulated in a few types of cancer. In this study, we discovered that the expression of H19 increased in GBM cell lines...
March 16, 2016: Cellular and Molecular Neurobiology
Yu Zhu, Xuebin Zhang, Lisha Qi, Ying Cai, Ping Yang, Geng Xuan, Yuan Jiang
Tumor angiogenesis plays a critical role in the tumor progression. Highly upregulated in liver cancer (HULC) is a long noncoding RNA (lncRNA) that acts as an oncogene in gliomas. We found that HULC, vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), and ESM-1 (endothelial cell specific molecule 1) expression and microvessel density were positively correlated with grade dependency in glioma patient tissues, and that HULC silencing suppressed angiogenesis by inhibiting glioma cells proliferation and invasion. This process induced anoikis and blocked the cell cycle at G1/S phase via the PI3K/Akt/mTOR signaling pathway, thus regulating the tumor-related genes involved in the above biological behavior in human glioma U87MG and U251 cells...
March 22, 2016: Oncotarget
Qixue Wang, Junxia Zhang, Yanwei Liu, Wei Zhang, Junhu Zhou, Ran Duan, Peiyu Pu, Chunsheng Kang, Lei Han
The comprehensive lncRNA expression signature in glioma has not yet been fully elucidated. We performed a high-throughput microarray to detect the ncRNA expression profiles of 220 human glioma tissues. Here, we found that a novel lncRNA, HOXA11-AS, was the antisense transcript of the HOX11 gene. It was shown that HOXA11-AS was closely associated with glioma grade and poor prognosis. Multivariate Cox regression analysis revealed that HOXA11-AS was an independent prognostic factor in glioblastoma multiforme patients, and its expression was correlated with the glioma molecular subtypes of the Cancer Genome Atlas...
April 10, 2016: Cancer Letters
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