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Reperfusion myocardial injury

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726291/high-dose-humanin-analogue-applied-during-ischemia-exerts-cardioprotection-against-ischemia-reperfusion-injury-by-reducing-mitochondrial-dysfunction
#1
Savitree Thummasorn, Krekwit Shinlapawittayatorn, Siriporn C Chattipakorn, Nipon Chattipakorn
Although the gold standard treatment for acute myocardial infarction is reperfusion therapy, reperfusion itself can cause myocardial damage via induction of cardiac mitochondrial dysfunction. This can lead to increased myocardial infarct size, arrhythmias and left ventricular (LV) dysfunction. Recently, a newly discovered peptide, Humanin, has been shown to exert several beneficial effects including anti-oxidative and anti-apoptosis effects. We recently reported that a Humanin analogue (HNG, 84 μg/kg) given prior to cardiac ischemia exerted cardioprotection against I/R injury, but failed to do so when it was given after ischemia was induced...
July 20, 2017: Cardiovascular Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723729/wnt-signaling-in-cardiovascular-disease-opportunities-and-challenges
#2
Austin Gay, Dwight A Towler
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Cardiometabolic diseases increasingly afflict our aging, dysmetabolic population. Complex signals regulating low-density lipoprotein receptor-related protein (LRP) and frizzled protein family members - the plasma membrane receptors for the cadre of Wnt polypeptide morphogens - contribute to the control of cardiovascular homeostasis. RECENT FINDINGS: Both canonical (β-catenin-dependent) and noncanonical (β-catenin-independent) Wnt signaling programs control vascular smooth muscle (VSM) cell phenotypic modulation in cardiometabolic disease...
July 18, 2017: Current Opinion in Lipidology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714516/-epigallocatechin-3-gallate-attenuates-myocardial-injury-induced-by-ischemia-reperfusion-in-diabetic-rats-and-in-h9c2-cells-under-hyperglycemic-conditions
#3
Yang Wu, Zhong-Yuan Xia, Bo Zhao, Yan Leng, Juan Dou, Qing-Tao Meng, Shao-Qing Lei, Zhi-Ze Chen, Jie Zhu
(-)-Epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG) exerts multiple beneficial effects on cardiovascular performance. In this study, we aimed to examine the effects of EGCG on diabetic cardiomyopathy during myocardial ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury. EGCG (100 mg/kg/day) was administered at week 6 for 2 weeks to diabetic rats following the induction of type 1 diabetes by streptozotocin (STZ). At the end of week 8, the animals were subjected to myocardial I/R injury. The EGCG-elicited structural and functional effects were analyzed...
August 2017: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713918/endothelial-growth-medium-suppresses-apoptosis-of-mesenchymal-stem-cells-in-vitro-via-decrease-of-mir%C3%A2-29a
#4
Qianqian Wu, Tao Fang, Min Chen, Guoxian Qi
The administration of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) in cases of cardiac ischemia/reperfusion injury (IRI) has been associated with a significant reduction of myocardial cell death and an effective improvement in cardiac function. However, one major limiting factor in MSCs transplantation therapy is the low survival rate of the transplanted cells. The present study aimed to demonstrate that human amnion‑derived mesenchymal stem cells (hAMSCs) cultured with endothelial growth medium (EGM‑2) exhibited reduced apoptosis when exposed to serum‑free and hypoxic conditions; and that the expression of microRNA (miR)‑29a decreased significantly...
July 6, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712398/-fasudil-attenuates-mitochondrial-injury-and-apoptosis-in-rat-model-of-myocardial-ischemia-reperfusion-injury
#5
Hongwei Ye, Guanjun Zhang, Ruiping Cao, Pinfang Kang, Zhenghong Li, Qin Gao
Objective To observe the changes of mitochondria fusion protein 2 (Mfn2) and dynamin-related protein 1 (Drp1) in the cardioprotection of fasudil, and analyze the significance. Methods Hearts isolated from male Sprague-Dawley rats were subjected to ischemia for 30 minutes (occlusion of left anterior descending artery), and continuously perfusion for 120 minutes to establish myocardial ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury model. The rats were divided into 3 groups: sham group, I/R group and fasudil group. The left ventricular hemodynamics were continuously recorded; lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) content was measured during reperfusion; myocardial ultrastructure was observed by electron microscopy; the protein expression of phosphorylated protein phosphatase 1 regulatory subunit 12A (p-PPP1R12A/p-MYPT1) was detected by immunohistochemistry; and the protein expressions of Mfn2, Drp1 and cleaved caspase-3 (c-caspase-3) were detected by Western blot analysis...
July 2017: Xi Bao Yu Fen Zi Mian Yi Xue za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Cellular and Molecular Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709719/metformin-effects-on-the-heart-and-the-cardiovascular-system-a%C3%A2-review-of-experimental-and-clinical-data
#6
REVIEW
L Nesti, A Natali
BACKGROUND: Metformin, the eldest and most widely used glucose lowering drug, is likely to be effective also on cardiac and vascular disease prevention. Nonetheless, uncertainty still exists with regard to its effects on the cardiovascular system as a whole and specifically on the myocardium, both at the organ and cellular levels. METHODS: We reviewed the available data on the cardiac and vascular effects of metformin, encompassing both in vitro, either tissue or isolated organ, and in vivo studies in experimental animals and humans, as well as the evidence generated by major clinical trials...
May 10, 2017: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708712/extended-second-window-of-protection-of-sevoflurane-induced-preconditioning
#7
Friederike Behmenburg, Yvonne Boekholt, Patrick van Caster, Marianne Dorsch, André Heinen, Markus W Hollmann, Ragnar Huhn
Late preconditioning (LPC) can be induced by volatile anesthetics and initiates cardioprotection against ischemia/reperfusion injury for three to four days. We investigated the possibility to extend the time window of sevoflurane-induced LPC by repeated sevoflurane administration. An in vivo rat model of regional myocardial ischemia/reperfusion injury was used. Myocardial infarct size was determined by TTC staining at the end of the experiment. In the first series of experiments, male Wistar rats were randomized to five groups (each n=8)...
July 13, 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28703803/micu1-protects-against-myocardial-ischemia-reperfusion-injury-and-its-control-by-the-importer-receptor-tom70
#8
Qiang Xue, Haifeng Pei, Qinshe Liu, Mingjun Zhao, Jing Sun, Erhe Gao, Xinliang Ma, Ling Tao
Mitochondrial Ca(2+) overload is a main contributor to mitochondrial damage hence cardiomyocyte death in myocardial ischemia/reperfusion (MI/R) injury. MICU1 has been recently identified as an important regulator of mitochondrial Ca(2+) homeostasis. Here we try to identify the role of MICU1 in MI/R, and to investigate whether the mitochondrial importer receptor Tom70 possesses critical roles in the mitochondrial translocation of MICU1 and MI/R. Specific small interfering RNA (20 μg) against MICU1 and Tom70, and lentivirus vectors carrying the Tom70a sequences (3...
July 13, 2017: Cell Death & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700817/a-novel-esterase-sensitive-prodrug-approach-for-controllable-delivery-of-persulfide-species
#9
Yueqin Zheng, Bingchen Yu, Zhen Li, Zhengnan Yuan, David J Lefer, Binghe Wang, Siming Wang, Chelsea L Organ, Rishi K Trivedi
A new strategy to deliver a well-defined persulfide species in a biological medium is described herein. Under near physiological conditions, the persulfide prodrug can be activated by an esterase to generate a "hydroxyl methyl persulfide" intermediate, which rapidly collapses to form a defined persulfide. Such persulfide prodrugs can be used either as chemical tools to study persulfide chemistry and biology or for future development as H2S-based therapeutic reagents. Using the persulfide prodrugs developed in this study, the reactivity between S-methyl methanethiosulfonate (MMTS) with persulfide was unambiguously demonstrated...
July 12, 2017: Angewandte Chemie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695353/cardioprotection-by-the-transfer-of-coronary-effluent-from-ischaemic-preconditioned-rat-hearts-identification-of-cardioprotective-humoral-factors
#10
Leonardo Maciel, Dahienne F de Oliveira, Giovani C Verissimo da Costa, Paulo M Bisch, Jose Hamilton Matheus Nascimento
Ischaemic preconditioning (IPC) provides myocardial resistance to ischaemia/reperfusion (I/R) injuries. The protection afforded by IPC is not limited to the target tissue but extends to remote tissues, suggesting a mechanism mediated by humoral factors. The aim of the present study was to identify the humoral factors that are responsible for the cardioprotection induced by the coronary effluent transferred from IPC to naïve hearts. Isolated rat hearts were submitted to IPC (three cycles of 5 min I/R) before 30-min global ischaemia and 60-min reperfusion...
September 2017: Basic Research in Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690837/the-application-of-remote-ischemic-conditioning-in-cardiac-surgery
#11
REVIEW
Zeljko J Bosnjak, Zhi-Dong Ge
Perioperative myocardial ischemia and infarction are the leading causes of morbidity and mortality following anesthesia and surgery. The discovery of endogenous cardioprotective mechanisms has led to testing of new methods to protect the human heart. These approaches have included ischemic pre-conditioning, per-conditioning, post-conditioning, and remote conditioning of the myocardium. Pre-conditioning and per-conditioning include brief and repetitive periods of sub-lethal ischemia before and during prolonged ischemia, respectively; and post-conditioning is applied at the onset of reperfusion...
2017: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689799/cardioprotective-effects-of-viscum-album-l-subsp-album-european-misletoe-leaf-extracts-in-myocardial-ischemia-and-reperfusion
#12
Eylem Suveren, Gary F Baxter, Alper B Iskit, Arzu Ucar Turker
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Viscum album L. (European mistletoe) is a hemiparasitic plant belonging to Loranthaceae family and has been used in Turkish traditional medicine for the treatment of cardiovascular disorders and heart diseases such as hypertension, tachycardia and angina pectoris. AIM OF THE STUDY: The present study investigated the cardioprotective effects of V. album leaf extracts in myocardial ischemia and reperfusion injury in rats. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Lyophilized aqueous (AVa) and methanolic (MVa) extracts of V...
July 6, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688941/sodium-thiosulfate-post-conditioning-protects-rat-hearts-against-ischemia-reperfusion-injury-via-reduction-of-apoptosis-and-oxidative-stress
#13
Sriram Ravindran, Shanofer Jahir Hussain, Sri Rahavi Boovarahan, Gino A Kurian
Pharmacological agents given at the time of reperfusion can protect the heart from ischemia reperfusion injury (IR). Being a calcium chelator, antioxidant and mitochondrial potassium channel modulator, sodium thiosulfate (STS) was chosen to treat myocardial IR injury. Isolated rat heart model was used to induce IR injury and the hemodynamic changes were monitored using PowerLab (AD Instruments, Australia). STS at a dose of 1 mM given at the early stage of reperfusion significantly reduced the infarct size and recovered the failing heart from reperfusion injury...
July 6, 2017: Chemico-biological Interactions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686977/cardioprotective-effect-of-the-xanthones-from-gentianella-acuta-against-myocardial-ischemia-reperfusion-injury-in-isolated-rat-heart
#14
Zhibin Wang, Gaosong Wu, Hua Liu, Na Xing, Yanping Sun, Yadong Zhai, Bingyou Yang, Ah-Ng Tony Kong, Haixue Kuang, Qiuhong Wang
Gentianella acuta (Michx.) Hulten is widely used for the treatment of arrhythmia and coronary heart disease in Ewenki Folk Medicinal Plants and Mongolian Medicine, popularly known as "Wenxincao" in China. To investigate the potential protective role of the xanthones from G. acuta against myocardial I/R injury in isolated rat heart and its possible related mechanism. The protective role of xanthones on myocardial I/R injury was studied on Langendorff apparatus. The hemodynamic parameters including the left ventricular developed pressure (LVDP), the maximum rate of up/down left intraventricular pressure (±dp/dtmax), coronary flow (CF) and heart rate (HR) were recorded during the perfusion...
July 4, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686797/asiatic-acid-enhances-survival-of-human-ac16-cardiomyocytes-under-hypoxia-by-upregulating-mir-1290
#15
Kai Wu, Min Hu, Zejin Chen, Feixiang Xiang, Guojian Chen, Weihong Yan, Qing Peng, Xiaoping Chen
Asiatic acid (AA) could attenuate ischemia/reperfusion induced myocardial apoptosis through upregulating the Akt/GSK-3β/HIF-1α pathway. HIF-3α is a negative regulator of HIF-1α, whose mRNA is a potential target of miR-1290. AA could upregulate miR-1290 in non-small-cell lung cancer A549 cells. This work aimed to investigate whether AA could inhibit hypoxia induced cardiomyocyte apoptosis through regulating the miR-1290/HIF3A/HIF-1α axis. The AC16 human myocardial cell line cultured under normoxic or hypoxic conditions was treated with various doses of AA for 24 h...
July 7, 2017: IUBMB Life
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684235/cardioprotective-time-window-of-penehyclidine-hydrochloride-postconditioning-a-rat-study
#16
Hongbao Tan, Duomao Lin, Zhaoqi Wang, Yanli Yang, Jun Ma
Pharmacological postconditioning offers a clinical perspective for all patients with ischemic heart disease. Penehyclidine hydrochloride (PHC) is a new type of anticholinergic drug. We previously reported that PHC preconditioning protects against I/R injury in rat hearts in vivo. Ischemic heart disease often occurs suddenly, so postconditioning is more significant than preconditioning. However, studies evaluating myocardial protective effects of PHC postconditioning are unavailable. We explored the effects and time-window of cardioprotection of PHC postconditioning in myocardial I/R injury...
July 3, 2017: European Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683229/non-invasive-approach-to-mend-the-broken-heart-is-remote-conditioning-a-promising-strategy-for-application-in-humans
#17
Táňa Ravingerová, Veronika Ledvényiová-Farkašová, Lucia Griecsová, Martina Muráriková, Slavka Carnicka, Ľubomír Lonek, Miroslav Ferko, Jan Slezak, Marek Zálešák, Adriana Adameova, Vinoth Km Khandelwal, Antigone Lazou, Frantisek Kolar
Currently, there are no satisfactory interventions to protect the heart against the detrimental effects of ischemia-reperfusion injury. Although ischemic preconditioning (PC) is the most powerful form of intrinsic cardioprotection, its application in humans is limited to planned interventions, due to its short duration and technical requirements. However, many organs/tissues are capable of producing "remote" PC (RPC) when subjected to brief bouts of ischemia-reperfusion. RPC was first described in the heart where brief ischemia in one territory led to protection in other area...
July 6, 2017: Canadian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682943/remote-ischemic-post-conditioning-improves-myocardial-dysfunction-via-the-risk-and-safe-pathways-in-a-rat-model-of-severe-hemorrhagic-shock
#18
Jianrong Huang, Dawei Xu, Qinyue Guo, Bing Ou, Qin Ling, Jianhua Li, Zhengfei Yang, Wanchun Tang
INTRODUCTION: Patients who have been resuscitated after severe hemorrhagic shock still have a high mortality rate. Previously published literature has suggested that remote ischemic postconditioning (RIPostC) has a cardioprotective effect, but few studies have focused on RIPostC performed after severe hemorrhagic shock. In this study, we aim to explore the effects and mechanism of RIPostC on myocardial ischemia and reperfusion injuries after hemorrhagic shock. METHODS: Fifty male rats were randomized into four groups: Sham, Control, RIPerC (remote ischemic per-conditioning) and RIPostC...
July 4, 2017: Shock
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682425/fas-fasl-induces-myocardial-cell-apoptosis-in-myocardial-ischemia-reperfusion-rat-model
#19
X-M Liu, Z-M Yang, X-K Liu
OBJECTIVE: Myocardium ischemia reperfusion is easy to induce myocardial injury. Fas/FasL is an important signaling pathway mediating cell apoptosis. This study aims to analyze the cell apoptosis and Fas/FasL expression in myocardial cell ischemia reperfusion rat model. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Coronary artery ligation method was used to establish myocardial ischemia reperfusion model. Rats were grouped according to different ischemia and reperfusion time: Group A, myocardial ischemia for 30 min and reperfusion for 24 h; Group B, myocardial ischemia for 30 min and reperfusion for 48 h; Group C, myocardial ischemia for 1 h and reperfusion for 24 h...
June 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679129/combined-treatment-with-exenatide-and-cyclosporine-a-or-parstatin-1-26-results-in-enhanced-reduction-of-infarct-size-in-a-rabbit-model
#20
Panagiotis Alexopoulos, Konstantina Panoutsopoulou, George Vogiatzis, Efstratios Koletsis, Dimitrios Dougenis, Nikos E Tsopanoglou
Exenatide and cyclosporine A have been shown to moderately protect against myocardial reperfusion injury leading to reduction of infarct size in patients. Our objective was to investigate whether the combined treatment with exenatide (glucagon-like peptide 1 receptor agonist) and cyclosporine A or parstatin 1-26 (inhibitors of mitochondrial permeability transition pore and/or inflammation) is more beneficial than either agent alone. Rabbits underwent 40 minutes of ischemia and 120 minutes of reperfusion. Intravenous bolus administration of exenatide or cyclosporine A, 10 minutes before reperfusion, reduced infarct size by 38% (P < 0...
July 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology
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