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Reperfusion myocardial injury

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811867/modulation-of-glutathione-hemostasis-by-inhibition-of-12-15-lipoxygenase-prevents-ros-mediated-cell-death-after-hepatic-ischemia-and-reperfusion
#1
Moritz Drefs, Michael N Thomas, Markus Guba, Martin K Angele, Jens Werner, Marcus Conrad, Christian J Steib, Lesca M Holdt, Joachim Andrassy, Andrej Khandoga, Markus Rentsch
BACKGROUND: Reactive oxygen species- (ROS-) mediated ischemia-reperfusion injury (IRI) detrimentally impacts liver transplantation and resection. 12/15-Lipoxygenase (12/15-LOX), an antagonistic protein of the glutathione peroxidase 4 (GPX4) signaling cascade, was proven to mediate cell death in postischemic cerebral and myocardial tissue. The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of 12/15-LOX inhibition on hepatic IRI. METHODS: Livers of C57BL/6 mice were exposed to 60 minutes of partial warm ischemia and 90 minutes of reperfusion after previous Baicalein administration, an inhibitor of 12/15-LOX...
2017: Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811382/an-engineered-s1p-chaperone-attenuates-hypertension-and-ischemic-injury
#2
Steven L Swendeman, Yuquan Xiong, Anna Cantalupo, Hui Yuan, Nathalie Burg, Yu Hisano, Andreane Cartier, Catherine H Liu, Eric Engelbrecht, Victoria Blaho, Yi Zhang, Keisuke Yanagida, Sylvain Galvani, Hideru Obinata, Jane E Salmon, Teresa Sanchez, Annarita Di Lorenzo, Timothy Hla
Endothelial dysfunction, a hallmark of vascular disease, is restored by plasma high-density lipoprotein (HDL). However, a generalized increase in HDL abundance is not beneficial, suggesting that specific HDL species mediate protective effects. Apolipoprotein M-containing HDL (ApoM(+)HDL), which carries the bioactive lipid sphingosine 1-phosphate (S1P), promotes endothelial function by activating G protein-coupled S1P receptors. Moreover, HDL-bound S1P is limiting in several inflammatory, metabolic, and vascular diseases...
August 15, 2017: Science Signaling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810624/high-mobility-group-box-1-protein-attenuates-myocardial-ischemia-reperfusion-injury-via-inhibition-of-the-p38-mitogen-activated-protein-kinase-signaling-pathway
#3
Yan-Hong Zhou, Qian-Feng Han, Lan-Hua Wang, Tao Liu, Xiao-Yan Meng, Lei Wu, Tai Li, Yue-Ru Jiao, Heng-Chen Yao, De-Yong Zhang
The present study aimed to determine the effects of high mobility group box 1 protein (HMGB1) on myocardial ischemia reperfusion (I/R) injury in rats following acute myocardial ischemia and investigate the underlying molecular mechanisms of these effects. Male Wistar rats were randomly divided into the following groups (n=10/group): Sham operation; I/R; HMGB50 (50 ng/kg HMGB1 before I/R); HMGB100 (100 ng/kg HMGB1 before I/R); and HMGB200 (200 ng/kg HMGB1 before I/R). Serum cardiac troponin I (cTnI), interleukin (IL)-6 and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α levels were subsequently measured...
August 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810591/dual-character-of-flavonoids-in-attenuating-and-aggravating-ischemia-reperfusion-induced-myocardial-injury
#4
Wenqiang Li, Yun Li, Ruifang Sun, Sumei Zhou, Meifeng Li, Mingchen Feng, Yingguang Xie
The concept that flavonoids exert cardioprotection against myocardial ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury has been acknowledged by a large body of evidence. However, recent studies reported cardiotoxic effects of certain flavonoids, while the underlying mechanisms have remained largely elusive. Flavonoids have been demonstrated to activate aryl hydrocarbon receptor (Ahr), which is implicated in an array of cell signaling processes. The present study examined the cardioprotective roles of quercetin (Qu) and β-naphthoflavone (β-NF) against I/R injury and explored whether the underlying mechanism proceeds via molecular signaling downstream of Ahr...
August 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810581/protective-effect-of-glycyrrhizin-on-myocardial-ischemia-reperfusion-injury-induced-oxidative-stress-inducible-nitric-oxide-synthase-and-inflammatory-reactions-through-high-mobility-group-box-1-and-mitogen-activated-protein-kinase-expression
#5
Xiangna Cai, Xin Wang, Jilin Li, Shuying Chen
Glycyrrhizin, which is a type of perennial leguminous caudex, has been used in various Asian countries, including P.R. China, India and Japan, for thousands of years. The present study was designed to investigate the protective effect of glycyrrhizin on myocardial ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury through oxidative stress, inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS), and inflammatory reactions via high-mobility group box 1 (HMGB1) and mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) expression. Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into five groups: Sham; myocardial I/R injury + non-treated; myocardial I/R injury + 2 mg/kg glycyrrhizin; myocardial I/R injury + 4 mg/kg glycyrrhizin; and myocardial I/R injury + 10 mg/kg glycyrrhizin...
August 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810547/salvianolic-acid-a-protects-against-myocardial-ischemia-reperfusion-injury-by-reducing-platelet-activation-and-inflammation
#6
Xiaoling Yuan, Yijia Xiang, Ning Zhu, Xuyong Zhao, Shiyong Ye, Peng Zhong, Chunlai Zeng
The aim of the present study was to investigate the protective effect of salvianolic acid A (SAA) on myocardial ischemia/reperfusion injury in rats. SAA (10 mg/kg) or Tirofiban (60 µg/kg) was administered to rats by jugular vein injection 10 min before the initiation of reperfusion. After 3 h of reperfusion, platelet aggregation was measured using an aggregometer and levels of nitric oxide (NO) were detected using an ultraviolet spectrophotometer. Serum levels of cardiac troponin T (cTnT), creatine kinase isoenzyme MB (CK-MB), p-selectin, interleukin-1β (IL-1β) and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) were also measured 3 and 24 h after reperfusion...
August 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810537/cilostazol-protects-mice-against-myocardium-ischemic-reperfusion-injury-by-activating-a-ppar%C3%AE-jak2-stat3-pathway
#7
Jiangjin Li, Xiaoli Xiang, Xiaoxuan Gong, Yafei Shi, Jing Yang, Zuo Xu
Myocardial ischemia/reperfusion (MIR) injury causes severe arrhythmias and a high lethality. The present study is designed to investigate the effect of cilostazol on MIR injury and the underlying mechaism. We measured the effects of cilostazol on heart function parameters in a mouse model of MIR. Proinflammatory cytokines and apoptosis proteins in the myocardium were examined to investigate the anti-inflammatory and anti-apoptosis ability of cilostazol. The participation of PPARγ/JAK2/STAT3 pathway was investigated...
August 11, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804552/in-vivo-opening-of-the-mitochondrial-permeability-transition-pore-in-a-rat-model-of-ventricular-fibrillation-and-closed-chest-resuscitation
#8
Iyad M Ayoub, Jeejabai Radhakrishnan, Raúl J Gazmuri
Opening of the mitochondrial permeability transition pore (mPTP) is considered central to reperfusion injury. Yet, most of our knowledge comes from observations in isolated mitochondria, cells, and organs. We used a rat model of ventricular fibrillation (VF) and closed-chest resuscitation to examine whether the mPTP opens in vivo and whether cyclosporine A (CsA) attenuates the associated myocardial injury. Two series of 26 and 18 rats each underwent 10 minutes of untreated VF before attempting resuscitation...
2017: American Journal of Translational Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801281/-effect-of-endomorphin-1-postconditioning-against-myocardial-ischemia-reperfusion-injury-in-rats-and-the-role-of-erk1-2-signaling-pathway
#9
Ya Wang, Ming-Zhu Liu, Hong-Jun Li, Wei-Ping Zhang, Qin Gao, Zheng-Hong Li
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of postischemic treatment with endomorphin-1 (EM-1) against myocardial ischemia/reperfusion (IR) injury in rats and on extracellular signal regulated kinase 1/2 (Erk1/2)-dependent signaling pathway. METHODS: Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into 5 groups, namely the sham-operated group, IR group, EM-1 post-treatment group (EM50 group), EM-1 post-treatment group with PD98059 treatment (EM50+PD group), and PD98059 post-treatment group (PD group)...
August 20, 2017: Nan Fang Yi Ke da Xue Xue Bao, Journal of Southern Medical University
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800036/improved-outcomes-of-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-in-rats-treated-with-vagus-nerve-stimulation-and-its-potential-mechanism
#10
Peng Sun, Jiangang Wang, Shen Zhao, Zhengfei Yang, Ziren Tang, Navami Ravindra, Jennifer Bradley, Joseph P Ornato, Mary Ann Peberdy, Wanchun Tang
Studies have demonstrated that vagus nerve stimulation (VNS) reduces ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury. In this study, we investigated the protective effects of VNS in a rat model of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). We further investigated whether the beneficial effects of VNS were dependent on the alpha 7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (α7nAChR). Forty animals were randomized into 4 groups and all underwent CPR (n = 10 each): (1) CPR alone (control); (2) VNS during CPR; (3) α7nAChR antagonist methyllycaconitine citrate (MLA) with VNS; (4) α7nAChR agonist 3-(2, 4-dimethoxybenzylidene) anabaseine (GTS-21) without VNS...
August 9, 2017: Shock
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800035/the-anti-malarial-drug-artesunate-attenuates-cardiac-injury-in-a-rodent-model-of-myocardial-infarction
#11
Areeg I Khan, Amar Kapoor, Jianmin Che, Lukas Martin, Mara Rogazzo, Thomas Mercier, Laurent Decosterd, Massimo Collino, Christoph Thiemermann
Ischaemic heart disease remains the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in the Western world. Artesunate is the WHO-recommended drug of choice for complicated malaria (with organ failure). The administration of high doses of artesunate is safe in healthy volunteers (up to 8 mg/kg i.v) and patients with severe malaria (2.4 mg/kg i.v). We investigated the effects of artesunate (1 mg/kg) or its active metabolite dihydroartemisinin (DHA; 0.1 mg/kg) in a model of transient myocardial ischaemia/reperfusion (I/R) and evaluated the mechanism of action of the observed cardioprotective effects of artesunate and DHA...
August 9, 2017: Shock
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797427/low-level-tragus-stimulation-for-the-treatment-of-ischemia-and-reperfusion-injury-in-patients-with-st-segment-elevation-myocardial-infarction-a-proof-of-concept-study
#12
Lilei Yu, Bing Huang, Sunny S Po, Tuantuan Tan, Menglong Wang, Liping Zhou, Guannan Meng, Shenxu Yuan, Xiaoya Zhou, Xuefei Li, Zhuo Wang, Songyun Wang, Hong Jiang
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate whether low-level tragus stimulation (LL-TS) treatment could reduce myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). BACKGROUND: The authors' previous studies suggested that LL-TS could reduce the size of myocardial injury induced by ischemia. METHODS: Patients who presented with STEMI within 12 h of symptom onset, treated with primary percutaneous coronary intervention, were randomized to the LL-TS group (n = 47) or the control group (with sham stimulation [n = 48])...
August 14, 2017: JACC. Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796407/effects-of-gene-knockdown-of-cnp-on-ventricular-remodeling-after-myocardial-ischemia-reperfusion-injury-through-nprb-cgmp-signaling-pathway-in-rats
#13
Lian-He Wu, Qi Zhang, Shen Zhang, Lu-Yu Meng, Yan-Chi Wang, Cun-Jian Sheng
This study aimed to explore effects of CNP on ventricular remodeling following myocardial ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury through the NPRB/cGMP signaling pathway. Rat cardiomyocyteswere assigned into: control, I/R, I/R + CNP, and I/R+ 8-Br-cGMP groups. ELISA, qRT-PCR and western blotting were used to detect cGMP content and expression, respectively. After model establishment of I/R rats, normal control, CNP(-/-) control, I/R, and CNP(-/-) groups were set. Indexes of heart were detected using echocardiography and hemodynamics...
August 10, 2017: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794502/proteomics-phosphoproteomics-of-left-ventricular-biopsies-from-patients-with-surgical-coronary-revascularization-and-pigs-with-coronary-occlusion-reperfusion-remote-ischemic-preconditioning
#14
Nilgün Gedik, Marcus Krüger, Matthias Thielmann, Eva Kottenberg, Andreas Skyschally, Ulrich H Frey, Elke Cario, Jürgen Peters, Heinz Jakob, Gerd Heusch, Petra Kleinbongard
Remote ischemic preconditioning (RIPC) by repeated brief cycles of limb ischemia/reperfusion reduces myocardial ischemia/reperfusion injury. In left ventricular (LV) biopsies from patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG), only the activation of signal transducer and activator of transcription 5 was associated with RIPC's cardioprotection. We have now used an unbiased, non-hypothesis-driven proteomics and phosphoproteomics approach to analyze LV biopsies from patients undergoing CABG and from pigs undergoing coronary occlusion/reperfusion without (sham) and with RIPC...
August 9, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793823/role-of-atp-sensitive-potassium-channels-in-remote-ischemic-preconditioning-induced-tissue-protection
#15
Sapna Aggarwal, Puneet Kaur Randhawa, Nirmal Singh, Amteshwar Singh Jaggi
Remote ischemic preconditioning (RIPC) is an innovative treatment strategy that alleviates ischemia-reperfusion injury, whereby short episodes of regional ischemia and reperfusion delivered to remote organs including hind limb, kidney and intestine, and so on provide protection to the heart. The RIPC is known to reduce infarct size, serum levels of cardiac enzymes, and myocardial dysfunction in various animal species as well as in patients. There have been a large number of studies suggesting that the ATP-sensitive potassium channels (KATP channel) play a significant role as a mediator or end effector in RIPC...
September 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790121/cardiovascular-magnetic-resonance-relaxometry-predicts-regional-functional-outcome-after-experimental-myocardial-infarction
#16
Sebastian M Haberkorn, Christoph Jacoby, Zhaoping Ding, Petra Keul, Florian Bönner, Amin Polzin, Bodo Levkau, Jürgen Schrader, Malte Kelm, Ulrich Flögel
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular magnetic resonance with gadolinium-based contrast agents has established as gold standard for tissue characterization after myocardial infarction (MI). Beyond accurate diagnosis, the value of cardiovascular magnetic resonance to predict the outcome after MI has yet to be substantiated. METHODS AND RESULTS: Recent cardiovascular magnetic resonance approaches were systematically compared for quantification of tissue injury and functional impairment after MI using murine models with permanent left anterior descending coronary artery ligation (n=14) or 50 minutes ischemia/reperfusion (n=13)...
August 2017: Circulation. Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782532/ghrelin-protects-the-heart-against-ischemia-reperfusion-injury-via-inhibition-of-tlr4-nlrp3-inflammasome-pathway
#17
Qin Wang, Ping Lin, Peng Li, Li Fen, Qian Ren, Xiaofeng Xie, Jing Xu
AIMS: The aim of this study was to investigate the cardioprotective effects of ghrelin against myocardial ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury and the underlying mechanism. MAIN METHODS: Sprague-Dawley rats were randomized into Sham, I/R and I/R+ghrelin groups. After 30 minutes ischemia, ghrelin (8nmol/kg) was injected intraperitoneally at the time of reperfusion in the I/R+ghrelin group. Then hemodynamic parameters were observed at 24h after reperfusion. KEY FINDINGS: Ghrelin exhibited dramatic improvement in cardiac functions, as manifested by increased LVSP and ±dP/dtmax and decreased LVDP...
August 4, 2017: Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780351/down-regulation-of-lncrna-kcnq1ot1-protects-against-myocardial-ischemia-reperfusion-injury-following-acute-myocardial-infarction
#18
Xin Li, Yingnan Dai, Shujun Yan, Yanli Shi, Baihe Han, Jingxiu Li, Li Cha, Jianjun Mu
This study aimed to investigate the protective effects of long non-coding RNA KCNQ1OT1 against myocardial ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury following acute myocardial infarction, as well as its regulatory mechanism. We used the cardiac muscle H9c2 cells under condition of oxygen glucose deprivation followed by reperfusion (OGD/R) to induce myocardial I/R injury. Then H9C2 cells were transfected with si-NC, si-KCNQ1OT1, pc-NC, pc-KCNQ1OT1, si-AdipoR1 and si-AdipoR2, respectively. The myocardial cell viability and apoptosis were respectively detected...
August 2, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777252/n-methyl-d-aspartate-receptor-nmdar-driven-calcium-influx-potentiates-the-adverse-effects-of-myocardial-ischemia-reperfusion-injury-ex-vivo
#19
Zi-You Liu, Shou Hu, Qin-Wen Zhong, Cheng-Nan Tian, Hou-Mou Ma, Jun-Jian Yu
BACKGROUND: Despite the adverse effects of N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor (NMDAR) activity in cardiomyocytes, no study has yet examined the effects of NMDAR activity under ex vivo ischemic-reperfusion (I/R) conditions. Therefore, our aim was to comprehensively evaluate the effects of NMDAR activity through an ex vivo myocardial I/R rat model. METHODS: Isolated rat hearts were randomly segregated into six groups (n=20 in each group): (i) an untreated control group; (ii) a NMDA-treated control group; (iii) an untreated I/R group; (iv) an I/R+NMDA group treated with NMDA; (v) an I/R+NMDA+MK-801 group treated with NMDA and the NMDAR inhibitor MK-801; and (vi) an I/R+NMDA+[Ca]-free group treated with NMDA and [Ca]-free buffer...
August 4, 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776263/age-and-ischemia-differentially-impact-mitochondrial-ultrastructure-and-function-in-a-novel-model-of-age-associated-estrogen-deficiency-in-the-female-rat-heart
#20
Alexandra M Garvin, Nicole C Aurigemma, Jenna L Hackenberger, Donna H Korzick
Altered mitochondrial respiration, morphology, and quality control collectively contribute to mitochondrial dysfunction in the aged heart. Because myocardial infarction remains the leading cause of death in aged women, the present study utilized a novel rodent model to recapitulate human menopause to interrogate the combination of age and estrogen deficiency on mitochondrial ultrastructure and function with cardiac ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury. Female F344 rats were ovariectomized (OVX) at 15 months and studied at 24 months (MO OVX; n = 40) vs adult ovary intact (6 months; n = 41)...
August 4, 2017: Pflügers Archiv: European Journal of Physiology
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