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APACHE II score and critical illness

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637721/red-blood-cell-distribution-width-as-a-risk-factor-for-inhospital-mortality-in-obstetric-patients-admitted-to-an-intensive-care-unit-a-single-centre-retrospective-cohort-study
#1
Yufeng Chu, Zhongshang Yuan, Mei Meng, Haiyan Zhou, Chunting Wang, Gong Yang, Hongsheng Ren
BACKGROUND: Red blood cell distribution width (RDW) has been shown to predict mortality in critically ill patients. To our knowledge, whether or not RDW is associated with clinical outcomes of obstetric patients requiring critical care has not been evaluated. METHODS: This was a single centre, retrospective, observational study of obstetric patients admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU). Patients were excluded from the analysis if they had known haematological diseases or recently underwent blood transfusion...
June 21, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630565/efficacy-of-various-scoring-systems-for-predicting-the-28-day-survival-rate-among-patients-with-acute-exacerbation-of-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-requiring-emergency-intensive-care
#2
Zhihong Feng, Tao Wang, Ping Liu, Sipeng Chen, Han Xiao, Ning Xia, Zhiming Luo, Bing Wei, Xiuhong Nie
We aimed to investigate the efficacy of four severity-of-disease scoring systems in predicting the 28-day survival rate among patients with acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (AECOPD) requiring emergency care. Clinical data of patients with AECOPD who required emergency care were recorded over 2 years. APACHE II, SAPS II, SOFA, and MEDS scores were calculated from severity-of-disease indicators recorded at admission and compared between patients who died within 28 days of admission (death group; 46 patients) and those who did not (survival group; 336 patients)...
2017: Canadian Respiratory Journal: Journal of the Canadian Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625261/-formulation-of-combined-predictive-indicators-using-logistic-regression-model-in-predicting-sepsis-and-prognosis
#3
Liwei Duan, Sheng Zhang, Zhaofen Lin
OBJECTIVE: To explore the method and performance of using multiple indices to diagnose sepsis and to predict the prognosis of severe ill patients. METHODS: Critically ill patients at first admission to intensive care unit (ICU) of Changzheng Hospital, Second Military Medical University, from January 2014 to September 2015 were enrolled if the following conditions were satisfied: (1) patients were 18-75 years old; (2) the length of ICU stay was more than 24 hours; (3) All records of the patients were available...
February 2017: Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625260/-predictive-value-of-four-different-scoring-systems-for-septic-patient-s-outcome-a-retrospective-analysis-with-311-patients
#4
Shengbiao Wang, Tao Li, Yunfeng Li, Jianwen Zhang, Xingui Dai
OBJECTIVE: To study the predicting value of four different scoring systems such as the acute physiology and chronic health evaluation II (APACHE II) score, sequential organ failure assessment (SOFA) score, quick SOFA (qSOFA) score and systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) score for the prognosis of septic patients. METHODS: A retrospective analysis were conducted. Septic patients in intensive care unit (ICU) of the First People's Hospital of Chenzhou form July 1st, 2012 to June 30th, 2016 were enrolled...
February 2017: Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600615/clinical-study-of-blood-purification-therapy-in-critical-care-in-japan-results-from-the-survey-research-of-the-japan-society-for-blood-purification-in-critical-care-in-2013
#5
Toshiaki Arimura, Masanori Abe, Hidetoshi Shiga, Hiroshi Katayama, Kazo Kaizu, Shigeto Oda
To clarify the clinical status of blood purification therapy (BPT) in critical care in Japan, we conducted a cohort study using data from a nationwide registry of the Japan Society for Blood Purification in Critical Care in 2013. We enrolled 2227 patients treated with BPT (female, 39.1%; mean age, 65.5 ± 12.1 years) in the intensive care units of 43 facilities. Patient characteristics, modes of BPT, and survival rate for each disease were investigated. In total, BPT was performed 3053 times. Continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) (57...
June 9, 2017: Journal of Artificial Organs: the Official Journal of the Japanese Society for Artificial Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577477/is-gut-feeling-by-medical-staff-better-than-validated-scores-in-estimation-of-mortality-in-a-medical-intensive-care-unit-the-prospective-feeling-on-icu-study
#6
Anne Radtke, Roman Pfister, Kathrin Kuhr, Matthias Kochanek, Guido Michels
PURPOSE: The aim of the FEELING-ON-ICU study was to compare mortality estimations of critically ill patients based on 'gut feeling' of medical staff and by Acute Physiology And Chronic Health Evaluation (APACHE) II, Simplified Acute Physiology Score (SAPS) II and Sequential Organ Failure Assessment (SOFA). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Medical staff estimated patients' mortality risks via questionnaires. APACHE II, SAPS II and SOFA were calculated retrospectively from records...
May 25, 2017: Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557559/aggressive-antimicrobial-initiation-for-suspected-intensive-care-unit-acquired-infection-is-associated-with-decreased-long-term-survival-after-critical-illness
#7
Christopher A Guidry, Tjasa Hranjec, Puja M Shah, Zachary C Dietch, Taryn E Hassinger, Nathan R Elwood, Robert G Sawyer
BACKGROUND: The long-term significance of early and prolonged antibiotic use in critically ill patients is yet to be described. Several studies suggest that antimicrobial exposure may have as yet unrecognized long-term effects on clinically meaningful outcomes. Our group previously conducted a quasi-experimental, before and after observational cohort study of hemodynamically stable surgical patients suspected of having an intensive care unit-acquired infection. This study demonstrated that aggressive initiation of antimicrobial therapy was associated with increased 30-day deaths...
May 30, 2017: Surgical Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537519/burden-and-outcome-of-vitamin-d-deficiency-among-critically-ill-patients-a-prospective-study
#8
Enas Anwar, Gehan Hamdy, Eman Taher, Esmat Fawzy, Sherif Abdulattif, Mohamed H Attia
BACKGROUND: Vitamin D deficiency is a prevalent condition among critically ill patients. Information about the relationship between vitamin D levels and outcomes in the intensive care unit (ICU) is sparse. PURPOSE: To evaluate vitamin D status among critically ill patients and its relevance to severity of illness, ICU stay period, and mortality. METHODS: This prospective multicenter study was conducted in the ICUs of Fayoum, Cairo, Alazhar, and Ain Shams university hospitals...
June 2017: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511481/relationship-of-on-admission-hypocalcaemia-and-illness-severity-as-measured-by-apache-ii-and-sofa-score-in-intensive-care-patients
#9
Samarjit Dey, Habib Md Reazaul Karim, Mohd Yunus, Angkita Barman, Prithwis Bhattacharyya, Manas Pratim Borthakur
INTRODUCTION: Hypocalcaemia is very much prevalent in critically ill patients yet very less is known about its association with severity of illness. Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation (APACHE) and Sequential Organ Failure Assessment (SOFA) are two commonly used and validated scoring tool used to assess the severity of illness in critically ill patients. AIM: To analyze the relation of on admission hypocalcaemia with severity of illness as measured by APACHE-II and SOFA scores...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495595/low-plasma-leptin-level-at-admission-predicts-delirium-in-critically-ill-patients-a-prospective-cohort-study
#10
Guicheng Li, Xiaobao Lei, Chenmu Ai, Tao Li, Zhongqing Chen
The pathophysiology of delirium remains poorly understood. Low leptin level has been associated with features leading to delirium such as dysregulated immune functions and loss of neuroprotective effects. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the relationship between plasma leptin level at intensive care unit (ICU) entry and subsequent occurrence of delirium in critically ill patients. This single-center prospective cohort study in China allocated 336 critically ill patients admitted to ICU between 05/2015 and 05/2016 into a delirium group (n=102) and non-delirium group (n=234) based on whether delirium occurred during their stay at the ICU...
May 8, 2017: Peptides
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464841/the-impact-of-continuous-renal-replacement-therapy-on-renal-outcomes-in-dialysis-requiring-acute-kidney-injury-may-be-related-to-the-baseline-kidney-function
#11
Marisa Aparecida de Souza Oliveira, Thais Oliveira Claizoni Dos Santos, Julio Cesar Martins Monte, Marcelo Costa Batista, Virgilio Gonçalves Pereira, Bento Fortunato Cardoso Dos Santos, Oscar Fernando Pavão Santos, Marcelino de Souza Durão
BACKGROUND: Many controversies exist regarding the management of dialysis-requiring acute kidney injury (D-AKI). No clear evidence has shown that the choice of dialysis modality can change the survival rate or kidney function recovery of critically ill patients with D-AKI. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective study investigating patients (≥16 years old) admitted to an intensive care unit with D-AKI from 1999 to 2012. We analyzed D-AKI incidence, and outcomes, as well as the most commonly used dialysis modality over time...
May 3, 2017: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458172/efficacy-and-toxicity-of-high-dose-nebulized-colistin-for-critically-ill-surgical-patients-with-ventilator-associated-pneumonia-caused-by-multidrug-resistant-acinetobacter-baumannii
#12
Ji Young Jang, Hye Youn Kwon, Eun Hee Choi, Won-Yeon Lee, Hongjin Shim, Keum Seok Bae
PURPOSE: Few studies have compared nebulized and intravenous (IV) colistin for multidrug-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii and Pseudomonas aeruginosa pneumonia. This study compared the nephrotoxicity and clinical outcomes for these two delivery routes. METHODS: This study retrospectively compared 95 critically ill surgical patients who were diagnosed with Acinetobacter baumannii ventilator associated pneumonia and received colistin between March 2013 and January 2016...
April 7, 2017: Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435684/comparison-of-the-clinical-characteristics-and-prognosis-of-primary-versus-secondary-acute-gastrointestinal-injury-in-critically-ill-patients
#13
Dong Zhang, Rao Fu, Yanhua Li, Hongyan Li, Yuting Li, Hongxiang Li
BACKGROUND: This prospective study compared clinical characteristics and prognosis between primary (P) and secondary (S) acute gastrointestinal injury (AGI) (P-AGI)/(S-AGI) in critically ill patients. METHODS: This was a prospective, single-center observational study. Patients were included if they had been hospitalized for at least 72 h before the AGI diagnosis. Patients were classified according to severity of gastrointestinal dysfunction, while P-AGI or S-AGI were defined according to whether the gastrointestinal system was directly or indirectly involved...
2017: Journal of Intensive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427496/mortality-risk-factors-in-intensive-care-unit-patients-with-acute-kidney-injury-requiring-renal-replacement-therapy-a-retrospective-cohort-study%C3%A2
#14
Michael Schmitz, Frank P Tillmann, Ausra Paluckaite, Erich A Laufer, Brian Rayner, Lars C Rump, Peter J Heering
BACKGROUND: Mortality of critically-ill patients with acute kidney injury (AKI) requiring renal replacement therapy (RRT) in an intensive-care setting continues to remain high. There is still uncertainty as to which factors should guide clinical judgement. METHODS: A cohort of 155 patients admitted to an intensive-care unit and necessitating RRT due to AKI were retrospectively analyzed. Demographic and clinical parameters at the time of RRT initiation were retrieved...
April 21, 2017: Clinical Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413520/prognosis-of-patients-with-acinetobacter-baumannii-infection-in-the-intensive-care-unit-a-retrospective-analysis
#15
Dong Xiao, Lu Wang, Daquan Zhang, Dongming Xiang, Qi Liu, Xuezhong Xing
The present retrospective study aimed to investigate the prognostic factors for critically ill patients with an Acinetobacter baumannii (A. baumannii) infection. A total of 37 patients from the intensive care unit (ICU) were enrolled in the study. Data was collected from patients, including age, gender, ethnicity, A. baumannii infection status, concurrent infection status, prescribed antibiotics, Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation II (APACHE II) and sepsis-related organ failure assessment (SOFA) scores, procalcitonin level, site of infection, shock, sepsis and renal replacement therapy status...
April 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406727/the-experience-of-patients-with-alcohol-misuse-after-surviving-a-critical-illness-a-qualitative-study
#16
Brendan J Clark, Jacqueline Jones, K Diandra Reed, Rachel Marie Hodapp, Ivor S Douglas, David Van Pelt, Ellen L Burnham, Marc Moss
RATIONALE: Alcohol misuse is common in patients admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU) but there is currently no evidence-based approach to address drinking in ICU survivors. OBJECTIVES: We sought to describe the experience of ICU survivors with alcohol misuse during their hospitalization and the 3 months following hospital discharge in order to inform an alcohol specific intervention for this unique population. METHODS: We conducted a descriptive qualitative study of ICU survivors from medical ICUs in three separate hospitals with a positive screening result on the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test...
April 13, 2017: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405984/a-prospective-study-of-acute-kidney-injury-according-to-kdigo-definition-and-its-mortality-predictors
#17
Rakesh Bhadade, Rosemarie De'Souza, Minal J Harde, Kalpana S Mehta, Prabhat Bhargava
BACKGROUND: Acute kidney injury is no longer considered to be an innocent bystander merely reflecting co-existent pathologies but an independent risk factor for mortality in the ICU. AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To study clinical profile and correlation of patients with acute kidney injury (AKI) according to KDIGO definition with respect to incidence, outcome and different causes of AKI in critical care unit. STUDY DESIGN AND SETTING: It is a prospective observational study; and was carried out in the ICU of a tertiary care, teaching, public hospital...
December 2016: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399905/cardiac-biomarkers-are-associated-with-maximum-stage-of-acute-kidney-injury-in-critically-ill-patients-a-prospective-analysis
#18
Ryan Haines, Siobhan Crichton, Jessica Wilson, David Treacher, Marlies Ostermann
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to investigate whether cardiac troponin T (cTnT), cardiac troponin I (cTnI) and serum N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) are associated with acute kidney injury (AKI) and need for acute renal replacement therapy (RRT) in adult patients admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU). METHODS: We analysed prospectively collected data for patients admitted to the ICU between June and December 2010 for non-cardiac reasons. The Kidney Disease Improving Global Outcomes creatinine criteria were applied to identify patients with AKI including those who received acute RRT...
April 12, 2017: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392700/urinary-cadmium-levels-predict-mortality-of-patients-with-acute-heart-failure
#19
Ching-Wei Hsu, Cheng-Hao Weng, Cheng-Chia Lee, Dan-Tzu Lin-Tan, Pao-Hsien Chu, Kuan-Hsing Chen, Tzung-Hai Yen, Wen-Hung Huang
BACKGROUND: Acute heart failure (AHF) is a serious condition that is associated with increased mortality in critically ill patients. Previous studies indicated that environmental exposure to cadmium increases mortality of general populations. However, the relationship of cadmium exposure and mortality is unclear for AHF patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 153 patients with AHF in intensive care units (ICUs) met the inclusion criteria and were followed up for 6 months...
2017: Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386273/acute-colonic-pseudo-obstruction-with-feeding-intolerance-in-critically-ill-patients-a-study-according-to-gut-wall-analysis
#20
Chenyan Zhao, Tingbin Xie, Jun Li, Minhua Cheng, Jialiang Shi, Tao Gao, Fengchan Xi, Juanhong Shen, Chun Cao, Wenkui Yu
Objective. To compare the differences between acute colonic pseudo-obstruction (ACPO) with and without acute gut wall thickening. Methods. ACPO patients with feeding tolerance were divided into ACPO with no obvious gut wall thickening (ACPO-NT) group and ACPO with obvious acute gut wall thickening (ACPO-T) group according to computed tomography and abdominal radiographs. Patients' condition, responses to supportive measures, pharmacologic therapy, endoscopic decompression, and surgeries and outcomes were compared...
2017: Gastroenterology Research and Practice
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