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APACHE II score and critical illness

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779815/use-of-standard-enteral-formula-versus-enteric-formula-with-prebiotic-content-in-nutrition-therapy-a-randomized-controlled-study-among-neuro-critical-care-patients
#1
Piril Tuncay, Fatma Arpaci, Mutlu Doganay, Deniz Erdem, Arzu Sahna, Hulya Ergun, Dilek Atabey
OBJECTIVE: To compare use of standard enteral formula versus enteric formula with prebiotic content in terms of nutrition therapy related outcomes among neurocritical care patients. METHODS: A total of 46 adult neurocritical care patients who received nutrition therapy with standard enteral formula (SEF group; n = 23) or enteral formula with prebiotic content (EFPC group; n = 23) during their hospitalization in intensive care unit (ICU) were included in this prospective randomized controlled study...
June 2018: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779786/apache-ii-score-for-critically-ill-patients-with-a-solid-tumor-a-reclassification-study
#2
F D Martos-Benítez, I Cordero-Escobar, A Soto-García, I Betancourt-Plaza, I González-Martínez
OBJECTIVE: To improve the accuracy of the Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation (APACHE) II model for predicting hospital mortality in critically ill cancer patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a prospective cohort study of 522 patients admitted to ICU with a solid tumor. We developed the "APACHE II score for critically ill patients with a solid tumor" (APACHE IICCP score), in which typical variables of critically ill cancer patients were added to general APACHE II score...
May 17, 2018: Revista Española de Anestesiología y Reanimación
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765435/mortality-of-adult-intensive-care-units-in-turkey-using-the-apache-ii-and-sofa-systems-outcome-assessment-in-turkish-intensive-care-units
#3
Cetin Kaymak, Irfan Sencan, Seval Izdes, Aydin Sari, Hatice Yagmurdur, Derya Karadas, Derya Oztuna
Introduction: The aim of this study was to evaluate intensive care unit (ICU) performance using risk-adjusted ICU mortality rates nationally, assessing patients who died or had been discharged from the ICU. For this purpose, this study analyzed the Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation (APACHE) II and Sequential Organ Failure Assessment (SOFA) databases, containing detailed clinical and physiological information and mortality of mixed critically ill patients in a medical ICU at secondary and tertiary referral ICUs in Turkey...
April 2018: Archives of Medical Science: AMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764551/-predictive-values-of-different-critical-scoring-systems-for-survival-rate-after-discharge-in-critically-ill-patients-supported-by-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation
#4
Jinsong Zhang, Wei Li, Xufeng Chen, Yong Mei, Jinru Lyu, Deliang Hu, Gang Zhang, Yongxia Gao, Xihua Huang
OBJECTIVE: To determine the predictive values of different critical scoring systems for survival rate after discharge in critically ill patients supported by extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO). METHODS: The clinical data of 34 critically ill patients supported by ECMO admitted to Department of Emergency of the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University (Jiangsu Provincial People's Hospital) from July 2015 to September 2017 were retrospectively analyzed...
May 2018: Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762825/the-prognostic-role-of-platelet-to-lymphocyte-ratio-and-mean-platelet-volume-in-critically-ill-patients
#5
A Yildiz, A Yigit, A R Benli
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to identify the relationship between complete blood count parameters, mean platelet volume (MPV), and platelet to lymphocyte ratio (PLR) with mortality and hospitalization duration in critically ill patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A retrospective analysis was made of patients admitted to our tertiary adult i̇ntensive Care Unit (ICU) between January 2015 and January 2016. Hemoglobin (Hb), white blood cell (WBC), lymphocyte and platelet counts were obtained from the complete blood count performed at the time of admission...
April 2018: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742956/rapid-muscle-loss-negatively-impacts-survival-in-critically-ill-patients-with-cirrhosis
#6
Sunmi Ju, Sun Mi Choi, Young Sik Park, Chang-Hoon Lee, Sang-Min Lee, Chul-Gyu Yoo, Young Whan Kim, Sung Koo Han, Jinwoo Lee
PURPOSE: To assess the impact of rapid muscle loss before admission to intensive care unit (ICU) in critically ill patients with cirrhosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients with cirrhosis who had undergone 2 or more recent computed tomography scans before admission to the medical ICU were included. Muscle cross-sectional area at the level of the third lumbar vertebra was quantified using OsiriX software. The rate of muscle mass change and skeletal muscle index (SMI) were also calculated...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731386/characteristics-and-outcomes-of-do-not-resuscitate-patients-admitted-to-the-emergency-department-intensive-care-unit
#7
An-Yi Wang, Hon-Ping Ma, Wei-Fong Kao, Shin-Han Tsai, Cheng-Kuei Chang
BACKGROUND: Appropriate utilization of intensive care unit (ICU) beds are essential. Patients with critical illness who have do not resuscitate (DNR) have a reduced priority of intensive care. However, the possibility of recovery/survival is ambiguous and multifactorial. OBJECTIVE: To deliberate the characteristics and outcomes of critical illness in patients with prior DNR who were admitted to the emergency department (ED)-ICU. METHOD: This was a retrospective cohort study conducted between April 2015 and November 2015 in a university-based hospital...
May 3, 2018: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29693474/acute-kidney-injury-in-critically-ill-patients-with-sepsis-clinical-characteristics-and-outcomes
#8
De-Yuan Zhi, Jin Lin, Hai-Zhou Zhuang, Lei Dong, Xiao-Jun Ji, Dong-Cheng Guo, Xiao-Wei Yang, Shuai Liu, Zu Yue, Shu-Jing Yu, Mei-Li Duan
OBJECTIVE: The objectives of this study were to examine the clinical profile of critically ill patients with septic acute kidney injury (AKI) and to investigate clinical characteristics associated with the outcome of patients. METHODS: Data from 582 critically ill patients were collected and retrospectively reviewed. Patients were divided into two groups: without AKI development and with AKI development. Baseline characteristics, laboratory, and other clinical data were compared between these two groups, and correlations between the characteristics and AKI development were examined...
April 25, 2018: Journal of Investigative Surgery: the Official Journal of the Academy of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665826/association-between-afterhours-admission-to-the-intensive-care-unit-strained-capacity-and-mortality-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#9
Adam M Hall, Henry T Stelfox, Xioaming Wang, Guanmin Chen, Danny J Zuege, Peter Dodek, Allan Garland, Damon C Scales, Luc Berthiaume, David A Zygun, Sean M Bagshaw
BACKGROUND: Admission to the intensive care unit (ICU) outside daytime hours has been shown to be variably associated with increased morbidity and mortality. We aimed to describe the characteristics and outcomes of patients admitted to the ICU afterhours (22:00-06:59 h) in a large Canadian health region. We further hypothesized that the association between afterhours admission and mortality would be modified by indicators of strained ICU capacity. METHODS: This is a population-based cohort study of 12,265 adults admitted to nine ICUs in Alberta from June 2012 to December 2014...
April 17, 2018: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663995/-risk-factors-of-atrial-fibrillation-in-critical-ill-patients
#10
Jianyu Fu, Hongying Bi, Yunsong Xia, Hui Fang, Xu Liu, Yan Tang, Difen Wang
OBJECTIVE: To observe the clinical features of atrial fibrillation (AF) patients, and to explore the correlation between the routine detection index and the new-onset AF and to find out risk factors for new AF in critically ill patients. METHODS: A prospective observational study was conducted. The patients with AF admitted to intensive care unit (ICU) of the Affiliated Hospital of Guizhou Medical University from March 2016 to June 2017 were enrolled. The patients were divided into new-onset AF group and past-existed AF group according to their past history of AF (including persistent AF, paroxysmal AF or permanent AF)...
April 2018: Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627837/combination-of-mean-platelet-volume-platelet-count-ratio-and-the-apache-ii-score-better-predicts-the-short-term-outcome-in-patients-with-acute-kidney-injury-receiving-continuous-renal-replacement-therapy
#11
Junhui Li, Yingchuan Li, Xiaohua Sheng, Feng Wang, Dongsheng Cheng, Guihua Jian, Yongguang Li, Liang Feng, Niansong Wang
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Both the Acute physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation (APACHE II) score and mean platelet volume/platelet count Ratio (MPR) can independently predict adverse outcomes in critically ill patients. This study was aimed to investigate whether the combination of them could have a better performance in predicting prognosis of patients with acute kidney injury (AKI) who received continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT). METHODS: Two hundred twenty-three patients with AKI who underwent CRRT between January 2009 and December 2014 in a Chinese university hospital were enrolled...
March 29, 2018: Kidney & Blood Pressure Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621834/application-of-accelerated-time-models-to-compare-performance-of-two-comorbidity-adjusting-methods-with-apache-ii-in-predicting-short-term-mortality-among-the-critically-ill
#12
George Mnatzaganian, Melanie Bish, Jason Fletcher, Cameron Knott, John Stephenson
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to determine how the abilities of the Charlson Index and Elixhauser comorbidities compared with the chronic health components of the Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation (APACHE II) to predict in-hospital 30 day mortality among adult critically ill patients treated inside and outside of Intensive Care Unit (ICU). METHODS: A total of 701 critically ill patients, identified in a prevalence study design on four randomly selected days in five acute care hospitals, were followed up from the date of becoming critically ill for 30 days or until death, whichever occurred first...
February 2018: Methods of Information in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618112/critical-care-in-the-military-health-system-a-survey-based-summary-of-critical-care-services
#13
Jason J Nam, Christopher J Colombo, Cristin A Mount, Elizabeth A Mann-Salinas, Ferdinand Bacomo, Adam W Bostick, Konrad Davis, James K Aden, Kevin K Chung, Mary S McCarthy, Jeremy C Pamplin
Introduction: Critical care is an important component of in-patient and combat casualty care, and it is a major contributor to U.S. healthcare costs. Regular exposure to critically ill and injured patients may directly contribute to wartime skills retention for military caregivers. Data describing critical care services in the Military Health System (MHS), however, is lacking. This study was undertaken to describe MHS critical care services, their resource utilization, and differences in care practices amongst military treatment facilities (MTFs)...
March 29, 2018: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606481/frequency-and-risk-factors-for-subsyndromal-delirium-in-an-intensive-care-unit
#14
Chikayo Yamada, Yoko Iwawaki, Kiyomi Harada, Michihiko Fukui, Masafumi Morimoto, Ryuya Yamanaka
OBJECTIVE: Delirium and subsyndromal delirium in critically ill patients are important determinants of long-term functional disability and cognitive impairment. However, few outcome studies on sub-syndromal delirium have been reported. Thus, this study aimed to evaluate the incidence of delirium and sub-syndromal delirium as well as the risk factors and progression to delirium. DESIGN: A prospective cohort study. SETTING: Six bed medical and surgical intensive care unit in Otsu Municipal Hospital in Japan...
March 29, 2018: Intensive & Critical Care Nursing: the Official Journal of the British Association of Critical Care Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29581561/nutritional-risk-assessment-at-admission-can-predict-subsequent-muscle-loss-in-critically-ill-patients
#15
Amartya Mukhopadhyay, Bee Choo Tai, Deepa Remani, Jeya Henry, Yanika Kowitlawakul, Zudin Amika Puthucheary
Muscle loss in critically ill patients may be related to nutrition. We study the association between modified NUTrition RIsk in the Critically ill (mNUTRIC) score obtained at admission to intensive care unit (ICU) and subsequent muscle loss. We measured rectus femoris cross-sectional area (RFCSA) by ultrasound on days 1, 3, 7, and 10 of ICU admission. We used linear mixed effects model following natural logarithmic transformation of the data. Forty-eight patients (median (IQR) age 66 (55-72.5) years, 71% male, APACHE II score 31 (25-34), BMI 24...
March 26, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29577222/-establishment-of-comprehensive-prediction-model-of-acute-gastrointestinal-injury-classification-of-critically-ill-patients
#16
Yan Wang, Jianrong Wang, Weiwei Liu, Guangliang Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To develop the comprehensive prediction model of acute gastrointestinal injury (AGI) grades of critically ill patients. METHODS: From April 2015 to November 2015, the binary channel gastrointestinal sounds (GIS) monitor system which has been developed and verified by the research group was used to gather and analyze the GIS of 60 consecutive critically ill patients who were admitted in Critical Care Medicine of Chinese PLA General Hospital. Also, the AGI grades (Grande I(-IIII(, the higher the level, the heavier the gastrointestinal dysfunction) were evaluated...
March 25, 2018: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29574340/assessing-frailty-in-the-intensive-care-unit-a-reliability-and-validity-study
#17
Melissa Shears, Alyson Takaoka, Bram Rochwerg, Sean M Bagshaw, Jennie Johnstone, Amanda Holding, Surenthar Tharmalingam, Tina Millen, France Clarke, Kenneth Rockwood, Guowei Li, Lehana Thabane, John Muscedere, Henry T Stelfox, Deborah J Cook
PURPOSE: To describe pre-ICU frailty in critically ill patients using the Clinical Frailty Scale (CFS). METHODS: We included patients ≥18years admitted to 2 ICUs in Hamilton, Canada. The ICU Research Coordinator (RC) generated 3 CFS scores using: 1) chart review, 2) family interview, 3) patient interview. Subsequently, an overall impression was captured in a final score. Mean differences were calculated to assess the RC intra-rater reliability and inter-rater reliability of chart reviews by the RC, Occupational Therapist (OT), and Geriatrics Resident (GR)...
June 2018: Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29572092/model-for-end-stage-liver-disease-excluding-inr-meld-xi-score-is-associated-with-hemodynamic-impairment-and-predicts-mortality-in-critically-ill-patients
#18
Bernhard Wernly, Michael Lichtenauer, Namkje Vellinga, Christiaan Boerma, Can Ince, Malte Kelm, Christian Jung
PURPOSE: We aimed (i) to evaluate Model for End-stage Liver Disease excluding INR (MELD-XI) score for prediction of mortality in a cohort of critically ill patients and (ii) to investigate associations of MELD-XI with microcirculation and (iii) to evaluate microcirculation for prediction of mortality in high-risk patients, e.g., with high MELD-XI scores. METHODS: 308 patients were included in our retrospective analysis, a subgroup of the multicenter micro-SOAP-study...
March 20, 2018: European Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29558023/mortality-of-patients-with-acute-kidney-injury-requiring-renal-replacement-therapy
#19
Piotr Czempik, Daniel Cieśla, Piotr Knapik, Łukasz Krzych
BACKGROUND: Acute kidney injury (AKI) in critically ill patients has a deleterious impact on the prognosis, especially when renal replacement therapy (RRT) is required. This issue has not yet been investigated in the intensive care setting in Poland. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to evaluate the short-term outcomes of AKI-RRT subjects, based on a large registry population. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This observational multicenter study covered 100 demographic and clinical variables from the Silesian Registry of ICUs regarding 15,030 adult patients hospitalized between October 2011 and December 2014...
March 16, 2018: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29551235/oncological-patients-admitted-to-an-intensive-care-unit-analysis-of-predictors-of-in-hospital-mortality
#20
D Díaz-Díaz, M Villanova Martínez, E Palencia Herrejón
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the factors influencing in-hospital mortality among cancer patients admitted to an Intensive Care Unit (ICU). DESIGN: A retrospective observational study was carried out. SETTING: The ICU of a community hospital. PATIENTS: Adults diagnosed with solid or hematological malignancies admitted to the ICU, excluding those admitted after scheduled surgery and those with an ICU stay of under 24h. INTERVENTIONS: Review of clinical data...
March 15, 2018: Medicina Intensiva
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