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Tbi neuropsychology testing.

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431035/medical-symptom-validity-test-performance-following-moderate-severe-traumatic-brain-injury-expectations-based-on-orientation-log-classification
#1
Stephen N Macciocchi, Ronald T Seel, Angela Yi, Sarah Small
Objective: This study examined performance on the Medical Symptom Validity test (MSVT) during acute rehabilitation for moderate-severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) stratified by Orientation Log (O-Log) scores. Method: Participants were 77 prospectively enrolled persons who sustained moderate-severe TBI and were acutely hospitalized secondary to the cognitive, medical and physical sequelae of their TBI. Participants were administered neuropsychological metrics, the O-Log and the MSVT a mean of 44 days post injury...
May 1, 2017: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415909/detecting-coached-neuropsychological-dysfunction-a-simulation-experiment-regarding-mild-traumatic-brain-injury
#2
Lily Lau, Michael R Basso, Eduardo Estevis, Ashley Miller, Douglas M Whiteside, Dennis Combs, Timothy J Arentsen
OBJECTIVE: Performance validity tests (PVTs) and symptom validity tests (SVTs) are often administered during neuropsychological evaluations. Examinees may be coached to avoid detection by measures of response validity. Relatively little research has evaluated whether graduated levels of coaching has differential effects upon PVT and SVT performance. Accordingly, the present experiment evaluated the effect of graduated levels of coaching upon the classification accuracy of commonly used PVTs and SVTs and the currently accepted criterion of failing two or more PVTs or SVTs...
April 18, 2017: Clinical Neuropsychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399953/social-behavior-and-impairments-in-social-cognition-following-traumatic-brain-injury
#3
Michelle May, Maarten Milders, Bruce Downey, Maggie Whyte, Vanessa Higgins, Zuzana Wojcik, Sophie Amin, Suzanne O'Rourke
OBJECTIVES: The negative effect of changes in social behavior following traumatic brain injury (TBI) are known, but much less is known about the neuropsychological impairments that may underlie and predict these changes. The current study investigated possible associations between post-injury behavior and neuropsychological competencies of emotion recognition, understanding intentions, and response selection, that have been proposed as important for social functioning. METHODS: Forty participants with TBI and 32 matched healthy participants completed a battery of tests assessing the three functions of interest...
April 12, 2017: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: JINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390517/neuropsychological-evaluation-in-traumatic-brain-injury
#4
REVIEW
Jason R Soble, Edan A Critchfield, Justin J F O'Rourke
Clinical neuropsychology is a subspecialty of professional psychology that is concerned with the scientific study and clinical application of brain-behavior relationships. Broadly defined, a neuropsychological evaluation is a flexible clinical tool that involves integration of objective, psychometric test data along with various other sources of clinical information to comprehensively elucidate the cognitive, behavioral, and emotional sequelae after traumatic brain injury (TBI). In addition to characterizing TBI sequelae, evidenced-based neuropsychological assessment can contribute to TBI patient care by aiding with prognostic assessment, measuring interval change/recovery over time (eg, resolution of posttraumatic amnesia), informing and implementing rehabilitation strategies, and evaluating the effectiveness of interventions...
May 2017: Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28373856/investigating-microstructural-abnormalities-and-neurocognition-in-sub-acute-and-chronic-traumatic-brain-injury-patients-with-normal-appearing-white-matter-a-preliminary-diffusion-tensor-imaging-study
#5
Eyesha Hashim, Eduardo Caverzasi, Nico Papinutto, Caroline E Lewis, Ruiwei Jing, Onella Charles, Shudong Zhang, Amy Lin, Simon J Graham, Tom A Schweizer, Aditya Bharatha, Michael D Cusimano
For a significant percentage of subjects, with chronic traumatic brain injury (TBI), who report persisting cognitive impairment and functional loss, the diagnosis is often impeded by the fact that routine neuroimaging often does not reveal any abnormalities. In this paper, we used diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) to investigate the apparently normal white matter (as assessed by routine magnetic resonance imaging) in the brains of 19 subjects with sub-acute (9) and chronic (10) TBI. We also assessed memory, executive function, and visual-motor coordination in these subjects...
2017: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340321/exploring-the-relationship-between-cognition-and-functional-verbal-reasoning-in-adults-with-severe-traumatic-brain-injury-at-six-months-post-injury
#6
Petra Avramović, Belinda Kenny, Emma Power, Skye McDonald, Robyn Tate, Louise Hunt, Sheila MacDonald, Rob Heard, Leanne Togher
OBJECTIVE(S): This study aims to determine the association between cognitive impairment and functional verbal reasoning in adults with severe traumatic brain injury (TBI), at six months post-injury. METHOD(S): 38 participants with severe TBI were assessed using the four tasks on the Functional Assessment of Verbal Reasoning and Executive Strategies (FAVRES) [1] and a battery of neuropsychological tests at 6 months post injury in a cross-sectional observational study...
2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323445/neuropsychology-in-south-africa
#7
Sharon Truter, Menachem Mazabow, Alejandra Morlett Paredes, Diego Rivera, Juan Carlos Arango-Lasprilla
This survey forms part of an international research study conducted in 39 countries and is the first to describe the characteristics of individuals engaged in the practice of neuropsychology in South Africa (SA). The purpose was to analyze the characteristics of individuals working in the profession of neuropsychology in order to understand their background, professional training, current work situation, assessment and diagnostic procedures, rehabilitation techniques, teaching responsibilities, and research activities...
March 21, 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322535/neuropsychological-rehabilitation-and-psychotherapy-of-adult-traumatic-brain-injury-patients-with-depression-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#8
Zeng-Qiang Liu, Xue Zeng, Chen-Yang Duan
INTRODUCTION: There is still insufficient appreciation whether neuropsychological rehabilitation and psychotherapy are effective in attenuating depression following traumatic brain injury (TBI). This knowledge gap was addressed in the present systematic review and meta- analysis of the literature. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: We conducted electronic database (Medline, PsychINFO, Scopus) searches (time frame: January 1, 2005 - December 31, 2015) for clinical studies that had tested neuropsychological rehabilitation and psychotherapy in adult TBI survivors with depression...
March 21, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294464/assessing-connectivity-related-injury-burden-in-diffuse-traumatic-brain-injury
#9
Berkan Solmaz, Birkan Tunç, Drew Parker, John Whyte, Tessa Hart, Amanda Rabinowitz, Morgan Rohrbach, Junghoon Kim, Ragini Verma
Many of the clinical and behavioral manifestations of traumatic brain injury (TBI) are thought to arise from disruption to the structural network of the brain due to diffuse axonal injury (DAI). However, a principled way of summarizing diffuse connectivity alterations to quantify injury burden is lacking. In this study, we developed a connectome injury score, Disruption Index of the Structural Connectome (DISC), which summarizes the cumulative effects of TBI-induced connectivity abnormalities across the entire brain...
March 15, 2017: Human Brain Mapping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278592/exploring-associations-between-self-regulatory-mechanisms-and-neuropsychological-functioning-and-driver-behaviour-after-brain-injury
#10
Per-Ola Rike, Hans J Johansen, Pål Ulleberg, Anna Lundqvist, Anne-Kristine Schanke
The objective of this prospective one-year follow-up study was to explore the associations between self-regulatory mechanisms and neuropsychological tests as well as baseline and follow-up ratings of driver behaviour. The participants were a cohort of subjects with stroke and traumatic brain injury (TBI) who were found fit to drive after a multi-disciplinary driver assessment (baseline). Baseline measures included neuropsychological tests and ratings of self-regulatory mechanisms, i.e., executive functions (Behavior Rating Inventory of Executive Function-Adult Version; BRIEF-A) and impulsive personality traits (UPPS Impulsive Behavior Scale)...
April 11, 2016: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276862/excessive-decline-from-premorbid-functioning-detecting-performance-invalidity-with-the-wais-iv-and-demographic-predictions
#11
Phillip K Martin, Ben P Hunter, Amanda M Rach, Robin J Heinrichs, Ryan W Schroeder
OBJECTIVE: Excessive Decline from Premorbid Functioning (EDPF) is presented as a construct and defined as a discrepancy between predicted premorbid ability and current test performance that is so atypical of individuals with true neurocognitive impairment that it is likely the product of performance invalidity. New embedded PVTs (EDPF-FSIQ, EDPF-VW, and EDPF-PP) were derived by comparing scores from the WAIS-IV to TOPF demographically predicted premorbid estimates and then examined for classification accuracy...
February 17, 2017: Clinical Neuropsychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239519/white-matter-integrity-of-the-medial-forebrain-bundle-and-attention-and-working-memory-deficits-following-traumatic-brain-injury
#12
Jacqueline A Owens, Gershon Spitz, Jennie L Ponsford, Alicia R Dymowski, Nicholas Ferris, Catherine Willmott
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The medial forebrain bundle (MFB) contains ascending catecholamine fibers that project to the prefrontal cortex (PFC). Damage to these fibers following traumatic brain injury (TBI) may alter extracellular catecholamine levels in the PFC and impede attention and working memory ability. This study investigated white matter microstructure of the medial MFB, specifically the supero-lateral branch (slMFB), following TBI, and its association with performance on attention and working memory tasks...
February 2017: Brain and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215191/is-computerized-cognitive-testing-useful-in-children-and-adolescents-with-moderate-to-severe-traumatic-brain-injury
#13
Vickie Plourde, Brian L Brooks
OBJECTIVES: Children and adolescents with moderate-to-severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) present with short and long-term neuropsychological deficits following their injury. The aim of this study was to investigate the utility of a brief computerized test battery for evaluating cognitive functioning sub-acutely following a TBI. METHODS: Participants (n=33) sustained a moderate-to-severe TBI, were between 8 and 18 years old, and were assessed using CNS Vital Signs (CNSVS) within 6 months post-injury (median=0...
February 20, 2017: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: JINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211828/self-efficacy-and-quality-of-life-after-low-intensity-neuropsychological-rehabilitation-a-pre-post-intervention-study
#14
Ingrid Brands, Maud Custers, Caroline van Heugten
BACKGROUND: Being highly self-efficacious is a key factor in successful chronic disease self-management. It is unknown whether neuropsychological rehabilitation improves self-efficacy in managing the consequences of brain injury. OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether levels of general and brain injury specific self-efficacy and quality of life (QoL) increased after neuropsychological rehabilitation and whether cognitive performance was associated with self-efficacy...
February 15, 2017: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166259/increased-risk-for-age-related-impairment-in-visual-attention-associated-with-mild-traumatic-brain-injury-evidence-from-saccadic-response-times
#15
Jamie N Hershaw, David M Barry, Mark L Ettenhofer
It was hypothesized that risk for age-related impairment in attention would be greater among those with remote history of mild TBI than individuals without history of head injury. Twenty-seven adults with remote history of mild TBI and a well-matched comparison group of 54 uninjured controls completed a computerized test of visual attention while saccadic and manual response times were recorded. Within the mild TBI group only, older age was associated with slower saccadic responses and poorer saccadic inhibition...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102714/validity-and-reliability-of-a-questionnaire-to-assess-social-skills-in-traumatic-brain-injury-a-preliminary-study
#16
Heather M Francis, Katherine Osborne-Crowley, Skye McDonald
OBJECTIVE: To describe the reliability and validity of a new measure, the Social Skills Questionnaire for Traumatic Brain Injury (SSQ-TBI). METHODS: Fifty-one adults with severe TBI completed the SSQ-TBI questionnaire. Scores were compared to informant- and self-report on questionnaires addressing frontal lobe mediated behaviour, as well as performance on an objective measure of social cognition and neuropsychological tasks, in order to provide evidence of concurrent, divergent and predictive validity...
2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102697/goal-intention-reminding-in-traumatic-brain-injury-a-feasibility-study-using-implementation-intentions-and-text-messaging
#17
Tessa Hart, Monica J Vaccaro
OBJECTIVE: To examine feasibility of participant-created implementation intentions, delivered as text message reminders, to enhance goal-related activity in persons with chronic, moderate/severe traumatic brain injury (TBI). DESIGN: Pilot randomized controlled trial on effects of 8 weeks receiving goal-related implementation intentions (GI) compared to control condition, educational review regarding goals (GR). PARTICIPANTS: Eight persons with moderate/severe TBI nearing discharge from intensive outpatient brain injury treatment...
2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088875/goldstein-et-al-s-secondary-analysis-of-progesterone-clinical-trial-for-traumatic-brain-injury-can-only-reflect-the-same-trial-design-flaws-a-response-to-very-early-administration-of-progesterone-does-not-improve-neuropsychological-outcomes-in-subjects-with
#18
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059799/self-awareness-rehabilitation-after-traumatic-brain-injury-a-pilot-study-to%C3%A2-compare-two-group-therapies
#19
Jessica Rigon, Roberto Burro, Cecilia Guariglia, Manuela Maini, Dario Marin, Paola Ciurli, Umberto Bivona, Rita Formisano
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Deficits of self-awareness (SA) are very common after severe acquired brain injury (sABI), especially in traumatic brain injury (TBI), playing an important role in the efficacy of the rehabilitation process. This pilot study provides information regarding two structured group therapies for disorders of SA. METHODS: Nine patients with severe TBI were consecutively recruited and randomly assigned to one SA group therapy programme, according either to the model proposed by Ben-Yishay & Lakin (1989) (B&L Group), or by Sohlberg & Mateer (1989) (S&M Group)...
2017: Restorative Neurology and Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927083/measurement-of-peripheral-vision-reaction-time-identifies-white-matter-disruption-in-patients-with-mild-traumatic-brain-injury
#20
Kyle B Womack, Christopher Paliotta, Jeremy F Strain, Johnson S Ho, Yosef Skolnick, William W Lytton, L Christine Turtzo, Roderick McColl, Ramon Diaz-Arrastia, Peter J Bergold
This study examined whether peripheral vision reaction time (PVRT) in patients with mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) correlated with white matter abnormalities in centroaxial structures and impairments in neuropsychological testing. Within 24 h after mTBI, crossed reaction times (CRT), uncrossed reaction times (URT), and crossed-uncrossed difference (CUD) were measured in 23 patients using a laptop computer that displayed visual stimuli predominantly to either the left or the right visual field of the retina...
April 15, 2017: Journal of Neurotrauma
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