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Tbi neuropsychology testing.

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102714/validity-and-reliability-of-a-questionnaire-to-assess-social-skills-in-traumatic-brain-injury-a-preliminary-study
#1
Heather M Francis, Katherine Osborne-Crowley, Skye McDonald
OBJECTIVE: To describe the reliability and validity of a new measure, the Social Skills Questionnaire for Traumatic Brain Injury (SSQ-TBI). METHODS: Fifty-one adults with severe TBI completed the SSQ-TBI questionnaire. Scores were compared to informant- and self-report on questionnaires addressing frontal lobe mediated behaviour, as well as performance on an objective measure of social cognition and neuropsychological tasks, in order to provide evidence of concurrent, divergent and predictive validity...
January 19, 2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102697/goal-intention-reminding-in-traumatic-brain-injury-a-feasibility-study-using-implementation-intentions-and-text-messaging
#2
Tessa Hart, Monica J Vaccaro
OBJECTIVE: To examine feasibility of participant-created implementation intentions, delivered as text message reminders, to enhance goal-related activity in persons with chronic, moderate/severe traumatic brain injury (TBI). DESIGN: Pilot randomized controlled trial on effects of 8 weeks receiving goal-related implementation intentions (GI) compared to control condition, educational review regarding goals (GR). PARTICIPANTS: Eight persons with moderate/severe TBI nearing discharge from intensive outpatient brain injury treatment...
January 19, 2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088875/goldstein-et-al-s-secondary-analysis-of-progesterone-clinical-trial-for-tbi-can-only-reflect-the-same-trial-design-flaws-a-response-to-very-early-administration-of-progesterone-does-not-improve-neuropsychological-outcomes-in-subjects-with-moderate-to-severe
#3
Donald Stein, Iqbal Sayeed, Claudia Espinosa-Garcia, Fahim Atif, Elena G Sergeeva
In contrast to the conclusions of Goldstein et al., we argue that the failure of the Phase III trials for progesterone in TBI were due to a 6-fold overdosing with the test drug along with too short a course of treatment. These can and should be considered serious flaws in the design of the trials.
January 15, 2017: Journal of Neurotrauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059799/self-awareness-rehabilitation-after-traumatic-brain-injury-a-pilot-study-to%C3%A2-compare-two-group-therapies
#4
Jessica Rigon, Roberto Burro, Cecilia Guariglia, Manuela Maini, Dario Marin, Paola Ciurli, Umberto Bivona, Rita Formisano
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Deficits of self-awareness (SA) are very common after severe acquired brain injury (sABI), especially in traumatic brain injury (TBI), playing an important role in the efficacy of the rehabilitation process. This pilot study provides information regarding two structured group therapies for disorders of SA. METHODS: Nine patients with severe TBI were consecutively recruited and randomly assigned to one SA group therapy programme, according either to the model proposed by Ben-Yishay & Lakin (1989) (B&L Group), or by Sohlberg & Mateer (1989) (S&M Group)...
January 3, 2017: Restorative Neurology and Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927083/measurement-of-peripheral-vision-reaction-time-identifies-white-matter-disruption-in-patients-with-mild-traumatic-brain-injury
#5
Kyle B Womack, Christopher Paliotta, Jeremy F Strain, Johnson S Ho, Yosef Skolnick, William W Lytton, L Christine Turtzo, Roderick McColl, Ramon Diaz-Arrastia, Peter J Bergold
This study examined whether peripheral vision reaction time (PVRT) in patients with mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) correlated with white matter abnormalities in centroaxial structures and impairments in neuropsychological testing. Within 24 h after mTBI, crossed reaction times (CRT), uncrossed reaction times (URT), and crossed-uncrossed difference (CUD) were measured in 23 patients using a laptop computer that displayed visual stimuli predominantly to either the left or the right visual field of the retina...
January 13, 2017: Journal of Neurotrauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885406/abnormal-connectivity-in-the-sensorimotor-network-predicts-attention-deficits-in-traumatic-brain-injury
#6
Elena Shumskaya, Marcel A J van Gerven, David G Norris, Pieter E Vos, Roy P C Kessels
The aim of this study was to explore modifications of functional connectivity in multiple resting-state networks (RSNs) after moderate to severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) and evaluate the relationship between functional connectivity patterns and cognitive abnormalities. Forty-three moderate/severe TBI patients and 34 healthy controls (HC) underwent resting-state fMRI. Group ICA was applied to identify RSNs. Between-subject analysis was performed using dual regression. Multiple linear regressions were used to investigate the relationship between abnormal connectivity strength and neuropsychological outcome...
November 24, 2016: Experimental Brain Research. Experimentelle Hirnforschung. Expérimentation Cérébrale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871218/the-validity-of-the-brain-injury-cognitive-screen-bics-as-a-neuropsychological-screening-assessment-for-traumatic-and-non-traumatic-brain-injury
#7
Frances L Vaughan, Jo Anne Neal, Farzana Nizam Mulla, Barbara Edwards, Rudi Coetzer
OBJECTIVE: The Brain Injury Cognitive Screen (BICS) was developed as an in-service cognitive assessment battery for acquired brain injury patients entering community rehabilitation. The BICS focuses on domains that are particularly compromised following TBI, and provides a broader and more detailed assessment of executive function, attention and information processing than comparable screening assessments. The BICS also includes brief assessments of perception, naming, and construction, which were predicted to be more sensitive to impairments following non-traumatic brain injury...
November 22, 2016: Clinical Neuropsychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27790099/cognitive-deficits-underlying-error-behavior-on-a-naturalistic-task-after-severe-traumatic-brain-injury
#8
Kathryn Hendry, Tamara Ownsworth, Elizabeth Beadle, Mathilde P Chevignard, Jennifer Fleming, Janelle Griffin, David H K Shum
People with severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) often make errors on everyday tasks that compromise their safety and independence. Such errors potentially arise from the breakdown or failure of multiple cognitive processes. This study aimed to investigate cognitive deficits underlying error behavior on a home-based version of the Cooking Task (HBCT) following TBI. Participants included 45 adults (9 females, 36 males) with severe TBI aged 18-64 years (M = 37.91, SD = 13.43). Participants were administered the HBCT in their home kitchens, with audiovisual recordings taken to enable scoring of total errors and error subtypes (Omissions, Additions, Estimations, Substitutions, Commentary/Questions, Dangerous Behavior, Goal Achievement)...
2016: Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27750571/cognitive-deficits-post-traumatic-brain-injury-and-their-association-with-injury-severity-and-gray-matter-volumes
#9
Abigail Livny, Anat Biegon, Tammar Kushnir, Sagi Harnof, Chen Hoffmann, Eyal Fruchter, Mark Weiser
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is known to have a substantial though highly variable impact on cognitive abilities. Due to the wide range of cognitive abilities among healthy individuals, an objective assessment of TBI-related cognitive loss requires an accurate measurement of pre-morbid cognitive performance. To address this problem, we recruited 50 adults who sustained a TBI and had performed a cognitive baseline assessment in adolescence as part of the aptitude tests mandated by the Israeli Defense Forces...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Neurotrauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27750469/conceptual-model-and-cluster-analysis-of-behavioral-symptoms-in-two-cohorts-of-adults-with-traumatic-brain-injuries
#10
Shannon B Juengst, Galen Switzer, Byung Mo Oh, Patricia M Arenth, Amy K Wagner
INTRODUCTION: Behavioral changes often occur after moderate-to-severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) and can lead to poor health, psychosocial functioning, and quality of life. Challenges in evaluating these behaviors often result from the complexity and variability in the way they are conceptualized and defined. We propose and test a conceptual model that is specific to behavioral symptoms after TBI, to serve as a basis for better assessment and treatment. We hypothesized that clusters of individuals, with unique emotional, cognitive, and behavioral characteristics, would emerge that would illustrate this conceptual model...
October 17, 2016: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27725006/visuospatial-memory-improvement-in-patients-with-diffuse-axonal-injury-dai-a-1-year-follow-up-study
#11
Ana Luiza Zaninotto, Jessica Elias Vicentini, Davi Jorge Fontoura Solla, Tatiana Tateishi Silva, Vinicius Monteiro de Paula Guirado, Fabrício Feltrin, Mara Cristina Souza de Lucia, Manoel Jacobsen Teixeira, Wellingson Silva Paiva
OBJECTIVE: Diffuse axonal injury (DAI) is prevalent in traumatic brain injury (TBI), and is often associated with poor outcomes and cognitive impairment, including memory deficits. Few studies have explored visual memory after TBI and its relationship to executive functioning. Executive functioning is crucial for remembering an object's location, operating devices, driving, and route finding. We compared visual memory performance via the Rey-Osterrieth Complex Figure (ROCF) test 6 and 12 months after DAI...
February 2017: Acta Neuropsychiatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27704406/white-matter-abnormalities-are-associated-with-overall-cognitive-status-in-blast-related-mtbi
#12
Danielle R Miller, Jasmeet P Hayes, Ginette Lafleche, David H Salat, Mieke Verfaellie
Blast-related mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) is a common injury of the Iraq and Afghanistan Wars. Research has suggested that blast-related mTBI is associated with chronic white matter abnormalities, which in turn are associated with impairment in neurocognitive function. However, findings are inconsistent as to which domains of cognition are affected by TBI-related white matter disruption. Recent evidence that white matter abnormalities associated with blast-related mTBI are spatially variable raises the possibility that the associated cognitive impairment is also heterogeneous...
October 4, 2016: Brain Imaging and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27697088/neuropsychological-profile-of-lifetime-traumatic-brain-injury-in-older-veterans
#13
Allison R Kaup, Carrie Peltz, Kimbra Kenney, Joel H Kramer, Ramon Diaz-Arrastia, Kristine Yaffe
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to characterize the neuropsychological profile of lifetime traumatic brain injury (TBI) in older Veterans. METHODS: Participants were 169 older Veterans [mean age=79.1 years (range, 51-97 years), 89% male, 92% Caucasian], 88 with lifetime TBI and 81 without TBI, living in Veterans' retirement homes in independent residence. TBI history was ascertained with the Ohio State TBI Identification Method structured interview. Cognition was assessed with neuropsychological tests: Raw scores were converted to Z-scores compared to age-corrected normative data and combined into five domain composite Z-scores (attention/working memory, learning/memory, language, processing speed, executive functioning)...
January 2017: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: JINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27676781/neuropsychological-and-behavioral-disorders-and-their-correlations-with-the-severity-of-the-traumatic-brain-injury
#14
Sameh Ghroubi, Islem Feki, Hedi Chelly, Mohamed Habib Elleuch
OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study was to evaluate the different neuropsychological and behavioral disorders of patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI) and to study their correlations with the epidemiological and neurotraumatic characteristics. MATERIAL/PATIENTS AND METHODS: It was a cross-sectional study including 30 patients with TBI conducted in the physical medicine and rehabilitation department. The analysis of memory impairment was performed by the (MMS) and the (GOAT) tests...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27676775/normalization-of-an-ecologic-organization-and-problem-solving-test-in-a-vocational-rehabilitation-setting-tem-pro
#15
Andreas Mühl, Christelle Aubert, Gérard Wicky, Michel Fédou, Frédéric Devanthéry, Serge Jungo, Charles Benaim, Bertrand Leger, Philippe Vuadens, Bellmann Anne
OBJECTIVE: Standard neuropsychological evaluation after severe TBI (traumatic brain injury) often minimizes executive deficits, the latter are known to seriously impair return to work. Therefore, we developed an ecological organization and problem-solving test in a vocational setting called the TEM-PRO. In the present study, we aimed to normalize the TEM-PRO in a population of 40 control patients without neurological and psychiatric disorders. MATERIAL/PATIENTS AND METHODS: The TEM-PRO is based on the multiple errands test from Shallice and Burger (1991)...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27650713/the-clinical-utility-of-the-conners-continuous-performance-test-ii-in-traumatic-brain-injury
#16
Katherine L Zane, Jeffrey D Gfeller, P Tyler Roskos, Richard D Bucholz
OBJECTIVE: The Conners' Continuous Performance Test Second Edition (CPT-II) is a measure commonly used in persons with suspected attentional deficits. Our study examined the utility of the CPT-II as a measure of attention in adults with traumatic brain injury (TBI) of varying severity. METHOD: As part of a larger investigation, several measures of cognitive functioning, including the CPT-II, were administered to 30 healthy control participants (HCP), 30 mild TBI participants (M-TBI), and 30 moderate to severe TBI participants (MS-TBI)...
September 20, 2016: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27627580/functional-changes-after-recombinant-human-growth-hormone-replacement-in-patients-with-chronic-traumatic-brain-injury-and-abnormal-growth-hormone-secretion
#17
Kurt A Mossberg, William J Durham, Dennis J Zgaljardic, Charles R Gilkison, Christopher P Danesi, Melinda Sheffield-Moore, Brent E Masel, Randall J Urban
We explored the effects of recombinant human growth hormone (rhGH) replacement on physical and cognitive functioning in subjects with a moderate-to-severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) with abnormal growth hormone (GH) secretion. Fifteen individuals who sustained a TBI at least 12 months prior to study enrollment were identified as having abnormal GH secretion by glucagon stimulation testing (maximum GH response less than 8 ng/mL). Peak cardiorespiratory capacity, body composition, and muscle force testing were assessed at baseline and one year after rhGH replacement...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Neurotrauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27534259/alcohol-consumption-does-not-impede-recovery-from-mild-to-moderate-traumatic-brain-injury
#18
Noah D Silverberg, William Panenka, Grant L Iverson, Jeffrey R Brubacher, Jason R Shewchuk, Manraj K S Heran, Gary C S Oh, William G Honer, Rael T Lange
OBJECTIVES: To examine the effect of pre-injury alcohol use, acute alcohol intoxication, and post-injury alcohol use on outcome from mild to moderate traumatic brain injury (TBI). METHODS: Prospective inception cohort of patients who presented to the Emergency Department with mild to moderate TBI and had a blood alcohol level (BAL) taken for clinical purposes. Those who completed the 1-year outcome assessment were eligible for this study (N=91). Outcomes of interest were the count of post-concussion symptoms (British Columbia Post-Concussion Symptom Inventory), low neuropsychological test scores (Neuropsychological Assessment Battery), and abnormal regions of interest on diffusion tensor imaging (low fractional anisotropy)...
September 2016: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: JINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27458496/a-randomized-exploratory-study-to-evaluate-two-acupuncture-methods-for-the-treatment-of-headaches-associated-with-traumatic-brain-injury
#19
Wayne B Jonas, Dawn M Bellanti, Charmagne F Paat, Courtney C Boyd, Alaine Duncan, Ashley Price, Weimin Zhang, Louis M French, Heechin Chae
Background: Headaches are prevalent among Service members with traumatic brain injury (TBI); 80% report chronic or recurrent headache. Evidence for nonpharmacologic treatments, such as acupuncture, are needed. Objective: The aim of this research was to determine if two types of acupuncture (auricular acupuncture [AA] and traditional Chinese acupuncture [TCA]) were feasible and more effective than usual care (UC) alone for TBI-related headache. Materials and Methods: Design: This was a three-armed, parallel, randomized exploratory study...
June 1, 2016: Medical Acupuncture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27396292/developing-a-data-repository-of-standard-concussion-assessment-clinical-data-for-research-involving-college-athletes
#20
Arthur Maerlender, Jennifer Mize Nelson, Julie A Honaker
In sports concussion research, obtaining quality data from a sufficient number of participants to reach statistical power has been a particular problem. In addition, the necessary requirements of accessibility, informed consent, and confidentiality must be met. There is need to develop more efficient and controlled methods for collecting data to answer research questions in this realm, but the ability to collect and store these data in an efficient manner at the local level is limited. By virtue of their training, neuropsychologists can play a key role in improving data collection quality...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology
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