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Non allergic rhinitis

Gabriella Guarnieri
OBJECTIVES: An accurate diagnosis of occupational allergic respiratory diseases is crucial because they are related to disability, loss of work and worsening of psychosocial and economic status of workers. Early diagnosis is therefore essential to prevent the progression of allergic respiratory diseases and to implement preventive measures. The most frequent occupational allergic respiratory diseases are asthma (OA) and rhinitis (OR), less frequently hypersensitivity pneumonia (HP) and non-asthmatic eosinophilic bronchitis (NAEB)...
November 2017: Giornale Italiano di Medicina del Lavoro Ed Ergonomia
Ronaldo P Panganiban, Kristin A Lambert, Man-Hsun Hsu, Zoe Laryea, Faoud T Ishmael
Chronic inflammatory diseases can be particularly challenging to diagnose and characterize, as inflammatory changes in tissue may not be present in blood. There is a crucial need to develop non-invasive biomarkers that would be useful in diagnosing disease and selecting medical therapies. For example, there are no blood tests to diagnose asthma, a common inflammatory lung disease. MicroRNA (miRNA) expression profiling in blood is emerging as a potentially sensitive and useful biomarker of many diseases. In particular, we have characterized a cost-effective PCR-based array technology to measure and profile circulating miRNAs in the plasma of patients with allergic rhinitis and asthma...
June 12, 2018: Methods: a Companion to Methods in Enzymology
Enrico Heffler, Massimo Landi, Cristiano Caruso, Silvia Fichera, Federica Gani, Giuseppe Guida, Maria Teresa Liuzzo, Maria Provvidenza Pistorio, Stefano Pizzimenti, Anna Maria Riccio, Veronica Seccia, Matteo Ferrando, Luca Malvezzi, Giovanni Passalacqua, Matteo Gelardi
Nasal cytology is an easy, cheap, non-invasive and point-of-care method to assess nasal inflammation and disease-specific cellular features. By means of nasal cytology it is possible to distinguish between different inflammatory patterns that are typically associated with specific diseases (i.e.: allergic and non allergic rhinitis). Its use is particularly relevant when other clinical information, such as signs, symptoms, time-course and allergic sensitizations, are not enough to recognize which of the different rhinitis phenotypes is involved; for example, it is only by means of nasal cytology that it is possible to distinguish, among the non allergic rhinitis, those characterized by eosinophilic (NARES), mastcellular (NARMA), mixed eosinophilic-mastcellular (NARESMA) or neutrophilic (NARNE) inflammation...
June 15, 2018: Clinical and Experimental Allergy: Journal of the British Society for Allergy and Clinical Immunology
Yongqiang Zhao, X Ma, Y Li, Q Fu
OBJECTIVES: As part of the UN peacekeeping mission in Mali, the People's Republic of China have deployed a level 2 medical treatment facility (CHN L2). The aim of this study was to review the cases managed by the otolaryngology service within this facility. METHODS: The medical records of all patients treated by the otolaryngology service at the CHN L2 from 1 March 2015 to 1 March 2018 were retrospectively assessed. RESULTS: 614/10189 (6%) of all cases seen in the hospital during this period were referred to the otolaryngology service...
June 11, 2018: Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps
S R Devarajan, N Zarrin-Khameh, P Alapat
We present a case of a 76 year-old, non-smoking Honduran female who was referred to our clinic for years of persistent dry cough. Cardiac evaluation was unremarkable. She denied symptoms of heartburn, allergic rhinitis, and there was no personal or family history of asthma. Her physical exam demonstrated wheezing over the right mid-posterior chest. Spirometry was within normal limits. CT-imaging of the chest demonstrated right middle lobe bronchus and lingular segmental bronchus narrowing with bibasilar atelectasis and mild interlobular septal thickening with prominent mediastinal adenopathy...
2018: Respiratory Medicine Case Reports
Fei-Hong Liang, Xun-Rui Hou, Li-Hong Li, Xin Liang, Yu-Wei Lu, Hong Yang, Yuan Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To observe the effect of acupoint injection at "Yingxiang"(LI 20) and "Yintang"(GV 29) on nasal allergic reactions and the expression of histamine receptor H 1 and H 4 in nasal mucosa of allergic rhinitis (AR) rats, so as to reveal its mechanism underlying improvement of AR. METHODS: SD rats were randomized into normal, model, non-acupoint injection and acupoint injection groups ( n =8 in each). The AR model was established by intraperitoneal (i...
April 25, 2018: Zhen Ci Yan Jiu, Acupuncture Research
J Y Li, F Chen, C J Yu, X F Ma, H Li, H D Wang
Objective: To investigate the efficacy of radical sinus surgery (RSS) on difficult-to-treat rhinosinusitis(DTRS) with nasal polyps. Method: We retrospectively analyzed the clinical data of 26 patients with DTRS that treated with RSS and patients who were not treated with RSS in our hospital from August 2013 to June 2017.The effect of RSS were evaluated by comparing the CT Lund-Kennery score,endoscope Lund-Kennery score,global VAS score and dysosmia VAS score before operation and 6 months after operation. Result: RSS group had more severe Lund-Kennery score,global VAS score and dysosmia VAS score than non-RSS group,and also had more previous surgeries,higher ratio of olfactory region polyps,and higher ratio of co-existing asthma and allergic rhinitis...
May 2018: Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology, Head, and Neck Surgery
Janet Rothers, Debra A Stern, I Carla Lohman, Amber Spangenberg, Anne L Wright, Avery DeVries, Donata Vercelli, Marilyn Halonen
Little is known about whether maternal immune status during pregnancy influences asthma development in the child. We measured cytokine production in supernatants from mitogen-stimulated peripheral blood immune cells collected during and after pregnancy from the mothers of children enrolled in the Tucson Infant Immune Study, a non-selected birth cohort. Physician-diagnosed active asthma in children through age 9 and a history of asthma in their mothers were assessed through questionnaires. Maternal production of each of the cytokines IL-13, IL-4, IL-5, IFN-γ, IL-10, and IL-17 during pregnancy was unrelated to childhood asthma...
June 4, 2018: American Journal of Respiratory Cell and Molecular Biology
Dejan Tomljenovic, Tomislav Baudoin, Zeljka Bukovec Megla, Goran Geber, Glenis Scadding, Livije Kalogjera
Epidemiological studies show female predominance in the prevalence of non- allergic rhinitis (NAR) and local allergic rhinitis (LAR). Experimental studies show female patients with allergic rhinitis (AR) demonstrate higher levels of sensitivity to irritants and airway hyperresponsiveness than males. Bronchial asthma shows female predominance in post-puberty patients, and gender interaction with severe asthma endotypes. Fibromyalgia, chronic fatigue syndrome, migraine and chronic cough, syndromes, which are commonly related to neurokinin substance P (SP) in the literature, also show strong female predominance...
July 2018: Medical Hypotheses
Han Eol Jeong, Sung-Mok Jung, Sung-Il Cho
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and allergic diseases are result of a poor functioning immune system, giving dominance to either T-helper 1 (Th1) or T-helper 2 (Th2) diseases, respectively. Studies have stated that there seems to be a relationship present between the immune response subsets. This study was designed to examine the association between RA and respiratory allergic diseases in Korean adults. The study utilized the KNHANES 2013-2015 data and excluded individuals diagnosed with RA before being diagnosed with allergic diseases, using age at clinical diagnosis...
2018: International Journal of Rheumatology
Mark P C Cherrie, Christophe Sarran, Nicholas J Osborne
The major circulating metabolite of vitamin D (25(OH)D) has been implicated in the pathogenesis for atopic dermatitis, asthma and other allergic diseases due to downstream immunomodulatory effects. However, a consistent association between 25(OH)D and asthma during adulthood has yet to be found in observational studies. We aimed to test the association between 25(OH)D and asthma during adulthood and hypothesised that this association would be stronger in non-atopic participants. Using information collected on the participants of the 1958 birth cohort, we developed a novel measure of atopic status using total and specific IgE values and reported history of eczema and allergic rhinitis...
May 29, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
J Y Luo, J Q Hu, Z Chen, Z J Guo, B Q Sun
Objective: This study aims to research the relationship betweeen allergic rhinitis (AR) patients life quality and the PM2.5 concentration. Method: Fifty-two patients with clinically diagnosed AR were enrolled in this study. Patients were asked to fill in the questionnaire about the quality of life of rhinoconjunctivitis (RQLQ) continuously. The concentrations of PM2.5 in their living environment were continuously tested for one month (31 days) and SPSS 19.0 software was used to analyze data through descriptive statistical method, Spearman correlation analysis and nonparametric test...
February 2018: Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology, Head, and Neck Surgery
Z Z Cao, X X Zheng, B H Feng, J J Gao, S Y Huang, X Zhan, B L Li, B B Chen
Objective: To investigate the association between symptom of attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and allergic rhinitis (AR) in children with AR at different sexes and different ages. Method: A total of 439 AR children aged 6 to 12 years were enrolled in this study. Basic information (age, gender, medical history, family history and comorbidities) of children with AR was collected. Results of prick tests on children skin were recorded. (TNSS) and Chinese version of the SNAP-Ⅳ scale, children under the guidance of independent completion of children's quality of life of children with nasal conjunctivitis scale (PRQLQ)...
February 2018: Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology, Head, and Neck Surgery
Z X Yin, Y Zhu, X Zhai, J L Zhang, G Liu
Objective: To investigate the clinical symptoms and immunology inspection characteristics of nasal cavity local allergy. Method: Selected 60 patients as observation group, who had only nasal local allergy symptoms, allergen skin prick test and serum allergen specific IgE (SIgE) test were negative, 40 allergic rhinitis (AR) patients and 40 healthy volunteers as control groups. To detect Symptom scores and VAS scores, and eosinophilia counts in venous blood, allergen skin prick test (SPT), serum allergen SIgE test, nasal secretions allergen SIgE test, nasal mucous membrane excitation test in both observation group and AR group, eosinophilia counts in nasal secretion, taked the data for statistical analysis...
August 5, 2017: Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology, Head, and Neck Surgery
L H Chen, C G Liu, H Jiang
Objective: To investigate the effect of nasal polyps and allergy rhinitis on disease assessment of chronic rhinosinusitis, and to analyze the correlation between subjective and objective scores. Method: A total of 253 patients with chronic rhinosinusitis were enrolled from June 2016 to June 2017, and the clinical data such as sex, age, comorbidity, diagnosis and treatment were summarized. All patients were grouped as with or without nasal polyps, with or without eosinophilia, with or without allergic rhinitis group, and assessed by the visual analogue scale(VAS), Lund-Mackay CT score and Lund-Kennedy score respectively...
January 5, 2018: Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology, Head, and Neck Surgery
Z C Yang, B J Tang, Y Yu, X H Xin, R X Ma
Objective: To observe the effect of psychological intervention on the basis of drug therapy for moderate-severe persistent allergic rhinitis. Method: Sixty patients with moderate-severe persistent allergic rhinitis were randomly divided into two groups: control group and study group. The control group was only given pure drug therapy. The study group was given drug treatment and psychological intervention. Both groups were treated for 12 weeks. Before and after the treatment, the patients were graded by SAS, SDS and RQLQ to assess their anxiety and depression, as well as changes in the quality of life...
November 5, 2017: Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology, Head, and Neck Surgery
Katharine C Reynolds, Julie Boergers, Sheryl J Kopel, Daphne Koinis-Mitchell
Objective: Common comorbid medical conditions including allergic rhinitis (AR), obesity, and sleep disordered breathing (SDB) have been linked with asthma exacerbations; however, these conditions also impact sleep and academic functioning. The current study sought to examine unique and combined associations of these common comorbidities on sleep and academic performance among urban minority children with persistent asthma. We expected additional comorbid diagnoses would be associated with poorer sleep and academic functioning...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
Raquel Crisóstomo Lima Verde, José Abraão Carneiro Neto, Silvane Maria Braga Santos, Edgar Marcelino Carvalho, Marcus Miranda Lessa
INTRODUCTION: Human T-cell lymphotropic virus type 1 (HTLV-1)induces exaggerated Th1 responses, whereas atopy is associated with exacerbated Th2 responses. METHODS: Here, a cross-sectional study compared the prevalence of atopy in HTLV-1 carriers and HAM/TSP patients. It also compared the spontaneous cytokine production in HTLV-1-infected individuals. A retrospective cohort study evaluated the development of neurological manifestations in atopic and non-atopic carriers...
March 2018: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical
Hyomi Kim, Honghyok Kim, Jong-Tae Lee
The association between temperature and health outcome has been studied in worldwide. However, studies for mild diseases such as AR, with high prevalence and considerable economic burden, are lacking compared to other relatively severe respiratory diseases. We aimed to assess the trend of hospital visit by AR and estimate the cold temperature effect on hospital visit by allergic rhinitis in Seoul, Korea, 2003-2011. We fitted generalized additive model with quasi-poisson distribution, controlling for humidity, long-term trend, day of week, national holiday, and influenza epidemic...
August 15, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
Raheleh Shokouhi Shoormasti, Mohammad Reza Fazlollahi, Anoshirvan Kazemnejad, Behnoosh Tayebi, Fatemeh Nadali, Maryam Sharif Shoushtari, Shamim Khandan Alamdari, Majid Moslemi, Masoud Movehdi, Adriano Mari, Zahra Pourpak, Mostafa Moin
Allergic sensitization to inhalant allergens could be considered as a predictor in allergic diseases. The objective of this study was to assess IgE-mediated sensitization to inhalant allergens in allergic and non-allergic adults as well as the evaluation of its association with allergic diseases. This cross-sectional study was conducted from 2013 to 2016 in 604 allergic and 102 non-allergic adults selected from blood donor volunteers in Tehran, Iran. After taking informed consent, a standard questionnaire was filled to determine asthma, allergic rhinitis and/or conjunctivitis and atopic dermatitis in participants...
April 2018: Iranian Journal of Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology
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