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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988249/validation-of-the-arabic-version-of-the-score-for-allergic-rhinitis-tool
#1
Sami Alharethy, Mawaheb Al Wedami, Falah Syouri, Almaha A Alqabbani, Abdulsalam Baqays, Tamer Mesallam, Turki Aldrees
BACKGROUND: Allergic rhinitis (AR) is a common inflammation of the nasal mucosa in response to allergen exposure. We translated and validated the Score for Allergic Rhinitis (SFAR) into an Arabic version so that the disease can be studied in an Arabic population. OBJECTIVES: SFAR is a non-invasive self-administered tool that evaluates eight items related to AR. This study aimed to translate and culturally adapt the SFAR questionnaire into Arabic, and assess the validity, consistency, and reliability of the translated version in an Arabic-speaking population of patients with suspected AR...
September 2017: Annals of Saudi Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970023/the-effects-of-pm2-5-on-asthmatic-and-allergic-diseases-or-symptoms-in-preschool-children-of-six-chinese-cities-based-on-china-children-homes-and-health-cchh-project
#2
Fei'er Chen, Zhijing Lin, Renjie Chen, Dan Norback, Cong Liu, Haidong Kan, Qihong Deng, Chen Huang, Yu Hu, Zhijun Zou, Wei Liu, Juan Wang, Chan Lu, Hua Qian, Xu Yang, Xin Zhang, Fang Qu, Jan Sundell, Yinping Zhang, Baizhan Li, Yuexia Sun, Zhuohui Zhao
The urbanization and industrialization in China is accompanied by bad air quality, and the prevalence of asthma in Chinese children has been increasing in recent years. To investigate the associations between ambient PM2.5 levels and asthmatic and allergic diseases or symptoms in preschool children in China, we assigned PM2.5 exposure data from the Global Burden of Disease (GBD) project to 205 kindergartens at a spatial resolution of 0.1° × 0.1° in six cities in China (Shanghai, Nanjing, Chongqing, Changsha, Urumqi, and Taiyuan)...
September 29, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942457/p-azeflu-provides-rapid-and-effective-allergic-rhinitis-control-results-of-a-non-interventional-study-in-romania
#3
I Agache, I C Doros, P M Leru, I Bucur, M Poenaru, C Sarafoleanu
BACKGROUND: Allergic Rhinitis and its Impact on Asthma (ARIA) and the European Union (EU) recommend a shift to guide allergic rhinitis (AR) treatment decisions from symptom severity to disease control, using a simple visual analogue scale (VAS). Using this VAS we assessed, in a real-life study in Romania, the effectiveness of MP-AzeFlu nasal spray. METHODOLOGY: In this multi-centre, prospective, non-interventional study, 253 patients (over 11 years old) with moderate-to-severe AR were prescribed MP-AzeFlu and assessed their symptoms on a VAS (0 (not at all bothersome) to 100 mm (very bothersome)) on Days 0, 1, 3, 7 and 14...
September 24, 2017: Rhinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913986/chronic-spontaneous-urticaria-pathogenesis-and-treatment-considerations
#4
REVIEW
Allen P Kaplan
The treatment of chronic spontaneous urticaria begins with antihistamines; however, the dose required typically exceeds that recommended for allergic rhinitis. Second-generation, relatively non-sedating H₁-receptor blockers are typically employed up to 4 times a day. First-generation antihistamines, such as hydroxyzine or diphenhydramine (Atarax or Benadryl), were employed similarly in the past. Should high-dose antihistamines fail to control symptoms (at least 50%), omalizumab at 300 mg/month is the next step...
November 2017: Allergy, Asthma & Immunology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912627/il-25-could-be-involved-in-the-development-of-allergic-rhinitis-sensitized-to-house-dust-mite
#5
Dae Woo Kim, Dong-Kyu Kim, Kyoung Mi Eun, Jun-Sang Bae, Young-Jun Chung, Jun Xu, Yong Min Kim, Ji-Hun Mo
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: When house dust mite (HDM), a common allergen, comes into the mucosal membrane, it may stimulate innate immunity. However, the precise role of interleukin- (IL-) 25 in the development of HDM-induced nasal allergic inflammation is still unclear. Therefore, we investigated the role of IL-25 in allergic rhinitis (AR) patients sensitized to HDM. METHODS: To confirm the production of IL-25 in human nasal epithelial cells (HNECs), we stimulated HNECs...
2017: Mediators of Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912020/intestinal-dysbiosis-featuring-abundance-of-ruminococcus-gnavus-associates-with-allergic-diseases-in-infants
#6
Huey-Huey Chua, Hung-Chieh Chou, Ya-Ling Tung, Bor-Luen Chiang, Chien-Chia Liao, Hong-Hsing Liu, Yen-Hsuan Ni
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Dysbiosis of the intestinal microbiota has been associated with development of allergies in infants. However, it is not clear what microbes might contribute to this process. We investigated what microbe(s) might be involved in analyses of infant twins and mice. METHODS: We studied fecal specimens prospectively in a twin cohort (n=30) and age-matched singletons (n=14) born at National Taiwan University Children's Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan, from April 2011 to March 2013...
September 11, 2017: Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889132/food-allergy-and-allergic-rhinitis-in-435-asian-patients-a-descriptive-review
#7
K A Pang, K P Pang, E B Pang, Y N Tan, Y H Chan, J K Siow
OBJECTIVE: To describe the prevalence of food allergy in Asian patients with allergic rhinitis. STUDY DESIGN: A non-randomized prospectively collected patients over a three year period, with complaints of nose congestion, rhinorrhea and/or nasal discharge. RESULTS: There were 435 patients enrolled, 213 children and 222 adults. The children group had a high prevalence of allergen specific IgE to Dermatophagoides pteryonysinus (70%), Dermatophagoides farina (69%), and Blomia tropicalis (55%); followed by dogs (32%), cats (19%) and cockroaches (19%)...
August 2017: Medical Journal of Malaysia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888024/airflow-and-symptom-outcomes-between-allergic-and-non-allergic-rhinitis-patients-from-turbinoplasty
#8
K Parthasarathi, J M Christensen, R Alvarado, H P Barham, R Sacks, R J Harvey
BACKGROUND: Inferior turbinate procedures are applied to relieve medically refractory nasal obstruction. However, the nature of congestion differs between allergic(AR) and non-allergic rhinitis(NAR). This study compares surgical outcomes between AR and NAR patients. METHODOLOGY: A case-control study of patients undergoing turbinate with or without septoplasty surgery for nasal obstruction was performed. Patient reported outcomes were: nasal obstruction, global nasal function(GNF), and sino-nasal outcome test(SNOT-22) with rhinitis, facial symptom, sleep and psychological sub-scores...
September 9, 2017: Rhinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865410/decreased-sensitization-to-aeroallergens-among-southwestern-iranian-male-farmers
#9
Mozhgan Moghtaderi, Mona Torab Jahromi, Shirin Farjadian, Payam Ghassemi, Saeed Hosseini Teshnizi
Farmers are usually exposed to various inhaled allergens like pollens, mites, molds, and animal dander in their working environment which may lead to allergic rhinitis, asthma and urticaria. The purpose of this study was to identify sensitization to various aeroallergens in farmers and their occupational allergy symptoms. This cross sectional study included 103 male farmers and 100 non-farmer healthy controls. The work-related symptoms of farmers were recorded with a questionnaire. Spirometry and skin prick tests with 15 commercial allergen extracts were performed in both farmers and controls...
August 2017: Iranian Journal of Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859707/quality-of-life-outcomes-in-patients-who-underwent-subcutaneous-immunotherapy-and-sublingual-immunotherapy-in-a-real-world-clinical-setting
#10
Theresa Schwanke, Eugene Carragee, Maria Bremberg, William R Reisacher
OBJECTIVE: To compare changes in quality of life (QOL) that resulted from sublingual immunotherapy (SLIT) and subcutaneous immunotherapy (SCIT) in a real-world clinical setting. BACKGROUND: SLIT is established as a viable alternative to SCIT for the treatment of allergic rhinitis. Although comparative trials are increasingly available, few studies have examined QOL outcomes between these two treatments. METHODS: One hundred and five participants who underwent immunotherapy for airborne allergies were enrolled in this prospective, single-center study...
September 1, 2017: American Journal of Rhinology & Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857184/pathogenicity-of-memory-th2-cells-is-linked-to-stage-of-allergic-rhinitis
#11
T Iinuma, Y Okamoto, Y Morimoto, T Arai, T Sakurai, S Yonekura, D Sakurai, K Hirahara, T Nakayama
BACKGROUND: Allergic rhinitis (AR) consists of three developmental stages that are based on the presence/absence of antigen-specific IgE and symptoms. The pathogenic Th2 (Tpath2) cells constitute a population of Th2 cells with additional potentially pathogenic characteristics. We examined the relationship between Tpath2 cells and the stages of allergic rhinitis by focusing on ST2, which is an IL-33 receptor. METHODS: Patients with Japanese cedar pollen-induced AR (JCP-AR) and healthy volunteers were divided into "nonsensitized," "asymptomatic sensitized (AS)," and "JCP-AR" groups...
August 30, 2017: Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28852408/prevalence-of-rhinitis-in-athletes-systematic-review
#12
REVIEW
Pavol Surda, Abigail Walker, Matus Putala, Pavel Siarnik
BACKGROUND: Prevalence of rhinitis in athletes has frequently been studied and varies widely from 27% to 74%. The aim of this systematic review was to examine the prevalence of rhinitis in athletes, to specifically compare the evidence of rhinitis in land-based and aquatic athletes. METHODS: Systematic search of MEDLINE, EMBASE, and the non-MEDLINE subset of PubMed was performed from inception to March 8, 2016, to identify studies on rhinitis in athletes. RESULTS: Of the 373 identified unique articles, a total of 13 studies satisfied the criteria for this review...
2017: International Journal of Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28837578/atopic-children-and-use-of-prescribed-medication-a-comprehensive-study-in-general-practice
#13
David H J Pols, Mark M J Nielen, Arthur M Bohnen, Joke C Korevaar, Patrick J E Bindels
PURPOSE: A comprehensive and representative nationwide general practice database was explored to study associations between atopic disorders and prescribed medication in children. METHOD: All children aged 0-18 years listed in the NIVEL Primary Care Database in 2014 were selected. Atopic children with atopic eczema, asthma and allergic rhinitis (AR) were matched with controls (not diagnosed with any of these disorders) within the same general practice on age and gender...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806766/sublingual-immunotherapy-slit-for-house-dust-mites-does-not-prevent-new-allergen-sensitization-and-bronchial-hyper-responsiveness-in-allergic-rhinitis-children
#14
Jae Hyun Lim, Jin Youp Kim, Doo Hee Han, Chul Hee Lee, Seung-No Hong, Jee Hye Wee, Sue K Park, Chae-Seo Rhee
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study is to identify the effects of sublingual immunotherapy (SLIT) on immunologic parameters and bronchial-hyper-responsiveness in children with allergic rhinitis to house-dust mite (HDM), through long-term follow-up cohort. METHODS: Among the Allergic Rhinitis Cohort Study for Kids, pediatric patients who visited the hospital for rhinitis symptoms and proven allergy to HDM through skin prick test were studied. In this cohort, 37 patients received SLIT more than 3-years (SLIT group), and 184 patients received only pharmacologic therapy (non-SLIT group) were included in this study...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802371/how-can-we-improve-medical-adherence-to-intranasal-corticosteroids-in-children
#15
Emre Ocak, Deniz Kocaoz, Baran Acar
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the factors which may be related to nonadherence to intranasal corticosteroids (ICS) in the treatment of allergic rhinitis (AR) in children. METHODS: A prospective study was conducted on children with AR diagnosis in a tertiary referral hospital. All participants were provided with mometasone furoate nasal sprays for 30 days after the diagnosis. Caregivers were called back when the therapy was over and completed a questionnaire about the factors that may influence the adherence to the treatment...
September 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797520/symptoms-of-allergic-rhinitis-in-parakou-benin-prevalence-severity-and-associated-factors
#16
M-C Flatin, S Ade, S-H-R Hounkpatin, B Ametonou, U-B Vodouhe, W Adjibabi
AIMS: Allergic rhinitis (AR) is an extremely common disease. This study aimed to determine the prevalence and severity of AR symptoms and potential associated factors, in Parakou, a city in Benin. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted between April and July 2016, involving inhabitants of the city aged between 6 and 65 years. Cluster sampling was carried out. AR symptoms were defined as the simultaneous presence of rhinorrhea, nasal obstruction and sneezing without evidence of respiratory infection...
August 7, 2017: European Annals of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792152/prevalence-and-clinical-characteristics-of-local-allergic-rhinitis-to-house-dust-mites
#17
Chang Gyu Jung, Ji Ho Lee, Ga Young Ban, Hae Sim Park, Yoo Seob Shin
Local allergic rhinitis (LAR) is a localized nasal allergic response in the absence of systemic atopy. The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence and clinical characteristics of LAR in Korean rhinitis patients compared to allergic rhinitis (AR) and non-allergic rhinitis (NAR). A total of 304 rhinitis patients were enrolled from November 2014 to March 2016. A skin prick test, serum total and specific immunoglobulin E, and a nasal provocation test (NPT) with house dust mite (HDM) were performed on all patients...
September 2017: Yonsei Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28775219/assessment-of-dietary-food-and-nutrient-intake-and-bone-density-in-children-with-eczema
#18
T F Leung, S S Wang, F Yy Kwok, L Ws Leung, C M Chow, K L Hon
INTRODUCTION: Dietary restrictions are common among patients with eczema, and such practice may lead to diminished bone mineral density. This study investigated dietary intake and bone mineral density in Hong Kong Chinese children with eczema. METHODS: This cross-sectional and observational study was conducted in a university-affiliated teaching hospital in Hong Kong. Chinese children aged below 18 years with physician-diagnosed eczema were recruited from our paediatric allergy and dermatology clinics over a 6-month period in 2012...
October 2017: Hong Kong Medical Journal, Xianggang Yi Xue za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771810/increased-risk-of-cholesteatoma-among-patients-with-allergic-rhinitis-a-nationwide-investigation
#19
Chin-Lung Kuo, An-Suey Shiao, Hsyien-Chia Wen, Wei-Pin Chang
OBJECTIVES: No large population-based studies have reported on the risk of cholesteatoma developing after allergic rhinitis (AR). This study used a nationwide population-based claims database to investigate the hypothesis that AR may increase the risk of cholesteatoma. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. METHODS: Data from Taiwan's Longitudinal Health Insurance Database were analyzed to compile the following: 1) 15,953 patients newly diagnosed with AR between 1997 and 2000, and 2) a comparison cohort of 63,812 matched non-AR enrollees (with a ratio of 1 to 4)...
August 3, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759627/increased-risk-of-dental-trauma-in-patients-with-allergic-rhinitis-a-nationwide-population-based-cohort-study
#20
Ming-Jhih Siao, Gunng-Shinng Chen, Wei-Cheng Lee, Jorng-Tzong Horng, Cheng-Wei Chang, Chung-Hsing Li
Allergic rhinitis (AR) is associated with various developmental issues that affecting dentition. We aimed to determine whether AR is associated with an increased risk of traumatic dental injuries (TDIs) in Taiwanese individuals. We used the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database (NHIRD) to conduct a nested case-control study. We compared an AR cohort with a matched cohort of patients without AR. New TDI cases were determined during our study period. To compare TDI risk between our study cohorts, we used Cox proportional regression analysis, and hazard ratios (HR) with 95% confidence intervals (CI) were calculated to quantify the association between AR exposure and TDI risk...
2017: PloS One
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