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Kinesin-1

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209731/transport-of-fungal-rab11-secretory-vesicles-involves-myosin-5-dynein-dynactin-p25-and-kinesin-1-and-is-independent-of-kinesin-3
#1
Miguel A Peñalva, Jun Zhang, Xin Xiang, Areti Pantazopoulou
Hyphal tip cells of the fungus Aspergillus nidulans are useful to study long-range intracellular traffic. Post-Golgi secretory vesicles (SVs) containing the RAB11 orthologue RabE engage myosin-5 as well as plus-end- and minus-end-directed microtubule motors, providing an experimental system to investigate the interplay between microtubule and actin motors acting on the same cargo. By exploiting the fact that depolymerization of F-actin 'unleashes' SVs focused at the apex by myosin-5 to microtubule-dependent motors, we establish that the minus-end directed transport of SVs requires the dynein/dynactin supercomplex...
February 16, 2017: Molecular Biology of the Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195215/the-structural-switch-of-nucleotide-free-kinesin
#2
Luyan Cao, Soraya Cantos-Fernandes, Benoît Gigant
Kinesin-1 is an ATP-dependent motor protein that moves towards microtubules (+)-ends. Whereas structures of isolated ADP-kinesin and of complexes with tubulin of apo-kinesin and of ATP-like-kinesin are available, structural data on apo-kinesin-1 in the absence of tubulin are still missing, leaving the role of nucleotide release in the structural cycle unsettled. Here, we identified mutations in the kinesin nucleotide-binding P-loop motif that interfere with ADP binding. These mutations destabilize the P-loop (T87A mutant) or magnesium binding (T92V), highlighting a dual mechanism for nucleotide release...
February 14, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28189052/a-novel-zea-mays-ssp-mexicana-l-myc-type-ice-like-transcription-factor-gene-zmmice1-enhances-freezing-tolerance-in-transgenic-arabidopsis-thaliana
#3
Xiang Lu, Lei Yang, Mengyuan Yu, Jianbin Lai, Chao Wang, David McNeil, Meixue Zhou, Chengwei Yang
The annual Zea mays ssp. mexicana L., a member of the teosinte group, is a close wild relative of maize and thus can be effectively used in maize improvement. In this study, an ICE-like gene, ZmmICE1, was isolated from a cDNA library of RNA-Seq from cold-treated seedling tissues of Zea mays ssp. mexicana L. The deduced protein of ZmmICE1 contains a highly conserved basic helix-loop-helix (bHLH) domain and C-terminal region of ICE-like proteins. The ZmmICE1 protein localizes to the nucleus and shows sumoylation when expressed in an Escherichia coli reconstitution system...
February 5, 2017: Plant Physiology and Biochemistry: PPB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165699/eg5-inhibitors-have-contrasting-effects-on-microtubule-stability-and-metaphase-spindle-integrity
#4
Geng-Yuan Chen, You Jung Kang, A Sophia Gayek, Wiphu Youyen, Erkan Tuzel, Ryoma Ohi, William O Hancock
To uncover their contrasting mechanisms, antimitotic drugs that inhibit Eg5 (kinesin-5) were analyzed in mixed-motor gliding assays of kinesin-1 and Eg5 motors in which Eg5 "braking" dominates motility. Loop-5 inhibitors (monastrol, STLC, ispinesib and filanesib) increased gliding speeds, consistent with inducing a weak-binding state in Eg5, whereas BRD9876 slowed gliding, consistent with locking Eg5 in a rigor state. Biochemical and single-molecule assays demonstrated that BRD9876 acts as an ATP- and ADP-competitive inhibitor with 4 nM KI...
February 6, 2017: ACS Chemical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28123706/interaction-of-fun14-domain-containing-1-a-mitochondrial-outer-membrane-protein-with-kinesin-light-chain-1-via-the-tetratricopeptide-repeat-domain
#5
Won Hee Jang, Young Joo Jeong, Sun Hee Choi, Sang-Hwa Urm, Dae-Hyun Seog
Kinesin 1 is a member of the kinesin superfamily proteins (KIFs) of microtubule-dependent molecular motor proteins that transport organelles and protein complexes in cells. Kinesin 1 consists of a homo- or hetero-dimer of kinesin heavy chains (KHCs), often, although not always, associated with two kinesin light chains (KLCs). KLCs are non-motor proteins that associate with many different binding proteins and cargoes, but their binding partners have not yet been fully identified. In the present study, a yeast two-hybrid system was used to identify proteins that interact with the tetratricopeptide repeat (TPR) domain of KLC1...
January 2017: Biomedical Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28122263/toxic-effects-of-zinc-ions-on-kinesin-potential-molecular-cause-of-impaired-intracellular-transport
#6
Konrad J Böhm
In healthy organisms the metabolism of the trace element zinc is well balanced. If this balance becomes destroyed the free zinc level might increase and cause toxic effects. The present study demonstrates that under definite conditions zinc ions are able to inhibit the ATPase activity of neuron-specific KIF5A (kinesin-1). Correspondingly, the motility activity of KIF5A also decreased. The inhibition rates have been found to depend on the magnesium ion concentration. Lowering the magnesium concentration weakens the inhibition...
February 15, 2017: Toxicology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028052/an-rna-binding-atypical-tropomyosin-recruits-kinesin-1-dynamically-to-oskar-mrnps
#7
Imre Gáspár, Vasiliy Sysoev, Artem Komissarov, Anne Ephrussi
Localization and local translation of oskar mRNA at the posterior pole of the Drosophila oocyte directs abdominal patterning and germline formation in the embryo. The process requires recruitment and precise regulation of motor proteins to form transport-competent mRNPs. We show that the posterior-targeting kinesin-1 is loaded upon nuclear export of oskar mRNPs, prior to their dynein-dependent transport from the nurse cells into the oocyte. We demonstrate that kinesin-1 recruitment requires the DmTropomyosin1-I/C isoform, an atypical RNA-binding tropomyosin that binds directly to dimerizing oskar 3'UTRs...
February 1, 2017: EMBO Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000714/mechanical-splitting-of-microtubules-into-protofilament-bundles-by-surface-bound-kinesin-1
#8
Virginia VanDelinder, Peter G Adams, George D Bachand
The fundamental biophysics of gliding microtubule (MT) motility by surface-tethered kinesin-1 motor proteins has been widely studied, as well as applied to capture and transport analytes in bioanalytical microdevices. In these systems, phenomena such as molecular wear and fracture into shorter MTs have been reported due the mechanical forces applied on the MT during transport. In the present work, we show that MTs can be split longitudinally into protofilament bundles (PFBs) by the work performed by surface-bound kinesin motors...
December 21, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27983853/quantifying-the-heat-dissipation-from-a-molecular-motor-s-transport-properties-in-nonequilibrium-steady-states
#9
Wonseok Hwang, Changbong Hyeon
Theoretical analysis, which maps single-molecule time trajectories of a molecular motor onto unicyclic Markov processes, allows us to evaluate the heat dissipated from the motor and to elucidate its dependence on the mean velocity and diffusivity. Unlike passive Brownian particles in equilibrium, the velocity and diffusion constant of molecular motors are closely inter-related. In particular, our study makes it clear that the increase of diffusivity with the heat production is a natural outcome of active particles, which is reminiscent of the recent experimental premise that the diffusion of an exothermic enzyme is enhanced by the heat released from its own catalytic turnover...
December 20, 2016: Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920150/heterotrimeric-kinesin-2-together-with-kinesin-1-steers-vesicular-acetylcholinesterase-movements-toward-the-synapse
#10
Anuttama Kulkarni, Yasmin Khan, Krishanu Ray
Acetylcholinesterase (AChE), which is implicated in the pathophysiology of neurological disorders, is distributed along the axon and enriched at the presynaptic basal lamina. It hydrolyses the neurotransmitter acetylcholine, which inhibits synaptic transmission. Aberrant AChE activity and ectopic axonal accumulation of the enzyme are associated with neurodegenerative disorders, such as Alzheimer's disease. The molecular mechanism that underlies AChE transport is still unclear. Here, we show that expression of Drosophila AChE tagged with photoactivable green fluorescent protein and m-Cherry (GPAC) in cholinergic neurons compensates for the RNA interference-mediated knockdown of endogenous AChE activity...
December 5, 2016: FASEB Journal: Official Publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891669/a-molecular-dynamics-study-of-the-binary-complexes-of-app-jip1-and-the-cargo-binding-domain-of-klc
#11
Cooper A Taylor, Bill R Miller, Soleil S Shah, Carol A Parish
Mutations in the amyloid precursor protein (APP) are responsible for the formation of amyloid-β peptides. These peptides play a role in Alzheimer's and other dementia-related diseases. The cargo binding domain of the kinesin-1 light chain motor protein (KLC1) may be responsible for transporting APP either directly or via interaction with C-jun N-terminal kinase-interacting protein 1 (JIP1). However, to date there has been no direct experimental or computational assessment of such binding at the atomistic level...
November 7, 2016: Proteins
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27851960/borc-functions-upstream-of-kinesins-1-and-3-to-coordinate-regional-movement-of-lysosomes-along-different-microtubule-tracks
#12
Carlos M Guardia, Ginny G Farías, Rui Jia, Jing Pu, Juan S Bonifacino
The multiple functions of lysosomes are critically dependent on their ability to undergo bidirectional movement along microtubules between the center and the periphery of the cell. Centrifugal and centripetal movement of lysosomes is mediated by kinesin and dynein motors, respectively. We recently described a multi-subunit complex named BORC that recruits the small GTPase Arl8 to lysosomes to promote their kinesin-dependent movement toward the cell periphery. Here, we show that BORC and Arl8 function upstream of two structurally distinct kinesin types: kinesin-1 (KIF5B) and kinesin-3 (KIF1Bβ and KIF1A)...
November 15, 2016: Cell Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821845/kinesin-1-motors-can-increase-the-lifetime-of-taxol-stabilized-microtubules
#13
Cordula Reuther, Alejandra Laguillo Diego, Stefan Diez
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 8, 2016: Nature Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27810912/kinesin-1-controls-mast-cell-degranulation-and-anaphylaxis-through-pi3k-dependent-recruitment-to-the-granular-slp3-rab27b-complex
#14
Isabelle Munoz, Luca Danelli, Julien Claver, Nicolas Goudin, Mathieu Kurowska, Iris Karina Madera-Salcedo, Jian-Dong Huang, Alain Fischer, Claudia González-Espinosa, Geneviéve de Saint Basile, Ulrich Blank, Gaël Ménasché
Cross-linking of mast cell (MC) IgE receptors (FcεRI) triggers degranulation of secretory granules (SGs) and the release of many allergic and inflammatory mediators. Although degranulation depends crucially on microtubule dynamics, the molecular machinery that couples SGs to microtubule-dependent transport is poorly understood. In this study, we demonstrate that mice lacking Kif5b (the heavy chain of kinesin-1) in hematopoietic cells are less sensitive to IgE-mediated, passive, systemic anaphylaxis. After IgE-induced stimulation, bone marrow-derived MCs from Kif5b knockout mice exhibited a marked reduction in SG translocation toward the secretion site...
October 24, 2016: Journal of Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803325/transport-efficiency-of-membrane-anchored-kinesin-1-motors-depends-on-motor-density-and-diffusivity
#15
Rahul Grover, Janine Fischer, Friedrich W Schwarz, Wilhelm J Walter, Petra Schwille, Stefan Diez
In eukaryotic cells, membranous vesicles and organelles are transported by ensembles of motor proteins. These motors, such as kinesin-1, have been well characterized in vitro as single molecules or as ensembles rigidly attached to nonbiological substrates. However, the collective transport by membrane-anchored motors, that is, motors attached to a fluid lipid bilayer, is poorly understood. Here, we investigate the influence of motors' anchorage to a lipid bilayer on the collective transport characteristics...
November 15, 2016: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27802167/a-new-isoform-of-drosophila-non-muscle-tropomyosin-1-interacts-with-kinesin-1-and-functions-in-oskar-mrna-localization
#16
Rajalakshmi Veeranan-Karmegam, Devi Prasad Boggupalli, Guojun Liu, Graydon B Gonsalvez
Recent studies have revealed that diverse cell types use mRNA localization as a means to establish polarity. Despite the prevalence of this phenomenon, much less is known regarding the mechanism by which mRNAs are localized. The Drosophila melanogaster oocyte provides a useful model for examining the process of mRNA localization. oskar (osk) mRNA is localized at the posterior of the oocyte, thus restricting the expression of Oskar protein to this site. The localization of osk mRNA is microtubule dependent and requires the plus-end-directed motor Kinesin-1...
November 15, 2016: Journal of Cell Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27793291/interferometric-scattering-microscopy-for-the-study-of-molecular-motors
#17
J Andrecka, Y Takagi, K J Mickolajczyk, L G Lippert, J R Sellers, W O Hancock, Y E Goldman, P Kukura
Our understanding of molecular motor function has been greatly improved by the development of imaging modalities, which enable real-time observation of their motion at the single-molecule level. Here, we describe the use of a new method, interferometric scattering microscopy, for the investigation of motor protein dynamics by attaching and tracking the motion of metallic nanoparticle labels as small as 20nm diameter. Using myosin-5, kinesin-1, and dynein as examples, we describe the basic assays, labeling strategies, and principles of data analysis...
2016: Methods in Enzymology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27760367/the-effect-of-temperature-on-microtubule-based-transport-by-cytoplasmic-dynein-and-kinesin-1-motors
#18
Weili Hong, Anjneya Takshak, Olaolu Osunbayo, Ambarish Kunwar, Michael Vershinin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 18, 2016: Biophysical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27751944/hippocampal-to-basal-forebrain-transport-of-mn-2-is-impaired-by-deletion-of-klc1-a-subunit-of-the-conventional-kinesin-microtubule-based-motor
#19
Christopher S Medina, Octavian Biris, Tomas L Falzone, Xiaowei Zhang, Amber J Zimmerman, Elaine L Bearer
Microtubule-based motors carry cargo back and forth between the synaptic region and the cell body. Defects in axonal transport result in peripheral neuropathies, some of which are caused by mutations in KIF5A, a gene encoding one of the heavy chain isoforms of conventional kinesin-1. Some mutations in KIF5A also cause severe central nervous system defects in humans. While transport dynamics in the peripheral nervous system have been well characterized experimentally, transport in the central nervous system is less experimentally accessible and until now not well described...
January 15, 2017: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27729532/working-stroke-of-the-kinesin-14-ncd-comprises-two-substeps-of-different-direction
#20
Bert Nitzsche, Elzbieta Dudek, Lukasz Hajdo, Andrzej A Kasprzak, Andrej Vilfan, Stefan Diez
Single-molecule experiments have been used with great success to explore the mechanochemical cycles of processive motor proteins such as kinesin-1, but it has proven difficult to apply these approaches to nonprocessive motors. Therefore, the mechanochemical cycle of kinesin-14 (ncd) is still under debate. Here, we use the readout from the collective activity of multiple motors to derive information about the mechanochemical cycle of individual ncd motors. In gliding motility assays we performed 3D imaging based on fluorescence interference contrast microscopy combined with nanometer tracking to simultaneously study the translation and rotation of microtubules...
October 25, 2016: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
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