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Kinesin-1

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935608/mechanical-coupling-of-microtubule-dependent-motor-teams-during-peroxisome-transport-in-drosophila-s2-cells
#1
María Cecilia De Rossi, Diana E Wetzler, Lorena Benseñor, María Emilia De Rossi, Mariela Sued, Daniela Rodríguez, Vladimir Gelfand, Luciana Bruno, Valeria Levi
BACKGROUND: Intracellular transport requires molecular motors that step along cytoskeletal filaments actively dragging cargoes through the crowded cytoplasm. Here, we explore the interplay of the opposed polarity motors kinesin-1 and cytoplasmic dynein during peroxisome transport along microtubules in Drosophila S2 cells. METHODS: We used single particle tracking with nanometer accuracy and millisecond time resolution to extract quantitative information on the bidirectional motion of organelles...
September 18, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933687/tagging-of-the-vaccinia-virus-protein-f13-with-mcherry-causes-aberrant-virion-morphogenesis
#2
David C J Carpentier, Michael S Hollinshead, Helen A Ewles, Stacey-Ann Lee, Geoffrey L Smith
Vaccinia virus produces two distinct infectious virions; the single-enveloped intracellular mature virus (IMV), which remains in the cell until cell lysis, and the double-enveloped extracellular enveloped virus (EEV), which mediates virus spread. The latter is derived from a triple-enveloped intracellular enveloped virus (IEV) precursor, which is transported to the cell periphery by the kinesin-1 motor complex. This transport involves the viral protein A36 as well as F12 and E2. A36 is an integral membrane protein associated with the outer virus envelope and is the only known direct link between virion and kinesin-1 complex...
September 20, 2017: Journal of General Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930676/localized-phosphorylation-of-a-kinesin-1-adaptor-by-a-capsid-associated-kinase-regulates-hiv-1-motility-and-uncoating
#3
Viacheslav Malikov, Mojgan H Naghavi
Although microtubule motors mediate intracellular virus transport, the underlying interactions and control mechanisms remain poorly defined. This is particularly true for HIV-1 cores, which undergo complex, interconnected processes of cytosolic transport, reverse transcription, and uncoating of the capsid shell. Although kinesins have been implicated in regulating these events, curiously, there are no direct kinesin-core interactions. We recently showed that the capsid-associated kinesin-1 adaptor protein, fasciculation and elongation protein zeta-1 (FEZ1), regulates HIV-1 trafficking...
September 19, 2017: Cell Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904207/two-kinesins-drive-anterograde-neuropeptide-transport
#4
Angeline Lim, Andreas Rechtsteiner, William M Saxton
Motor-dependent anterograde transport, a process that moves cytoplasmic components from sites of biosynthesis to sites of use within cells, is crucial in neurons with long axons. Evidence has emerged that multiple anterograde kinesins can contribute to some transport processes. To test the multi-kinesin possibility for a single vesicle type, we studied the functional relationships of axonal kinesins to dense core vesicles (DCVs) that were filled with a GFP-tagged neuropeptide in the Drosophila nervous system...
September 13, 2017: Molecular Biology of the Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887322/kinesin-2-motors-adapt-their-stepping-behavior-for-processive-transport-on-axonemes-and-microtubules
#5
Willi L Stepp, Georg Merck, Felix Mueller-Planitz, Zeynep Ökten
Two structurally distinct filamentous tracks, namely singlet microtubules in the cytoplasm and axonemes in the cilium, serve as railroads for long-range transport processes in vivo In all organisms studied so far, the kinesin-2 family is essential for long-range transport on axonemes. Intriguingly, in higher eukaryotes, kinesin-2 has been adapted to work on microtubules in the cytoplasm as well. Here, we show that heterodimeric kinesin-2 motors distinguish between axonemes and microtubules. Unlike canonical kinesin-1, kinesin-2 takes directional, off-axis steps on microtubules, but it resumes a straight path when walking on the axonemes...
September 8, 2017: EMBO Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819981/highly-efficient-guiding-of-motile-microtubules-on-non-topographical-motor-patterns
#6
Cordula Reuther, Matthäus Mittasch, Sundar R Naganathan, Stephan W Grill, Stefan Diez
Molecular motors, highly efficient biological nanomachines, hold the potential to be employed for a wide range of nanotechnological applications. Toward this end, kinesin, dynein, or myosin motor proteins are commonly surface-immobilized within engineered environments in order to transport cargo attached to cytoskeletal filaments. Being able to flexibly control the direction of filament motion, and in particular on planar, non-topographical surfaces, has, however, remained challenging. Here, we demonstrate the applicability of a UV-laser-based ablation technique to programmably generate highly localized patterns of functional kinesin-1 motors with different shapes and sizes on PLL-g-PEG-coated polystyrene surfaces...
September 13, 2017: Nano Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757354/stress-induced-hyperacetylation-of-microtubule-enhances-mitochondrial-fission-and-modulates-the-phosphorylation-of-drp1-at-616-ser
#7
Daniel Perdiz, Séverine Lorin, Ingrid Leroy-Gori, Christian Poüs
Mitochondria dynamics results from fission and fusion events that may be unbalanced in favor of mitochondrial fragmentation upon cell stress. During oxidative stress, microtubules are hyperacetylated in a mitochondria-dependent manner. In this study, we show that under stress conditions, most of the mitochondria form foci with microtubule domains that carry Drp1. We also demonstrate that stress-induced hyperacetylation of microtubules is required for the effective induction of Drp1 phosphorylation at (616)Ser, in a kinesin-1- and c-Jun N-terminal kinase-dependent manner...
November 2017: Cellular Signalling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754624/dynamics-of-dimeric-kinesins-limping-effect-of-longitudinal-force-effects-of-neck-linker-extension-and-mutation-and-comparison-between-kinesin-1-and-kinesin-2
#8
Si-Kao Guo, Peng-Ye Wang, Ping Xie
Conventional kinesin (kinesin-1) can walk on microtubule filaments in an asymmetric hand-over-hand manner, exhibiting a marked alternation in the mean dwell time in successive steps. Here, we study computationally the asymmetric stepping dynamics of the kinesin-1 homodimer, revealing its origin and providing quantitative explanations of the available experimental data. The alternation in the mean dwell time in successive steps arises from the alternation in the mechanochemical coupling ratio, which is in turn caused by the alternation in the slight variation of the stretched neck linker length...
July 25, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720664/dynein-efficiently-navigates-the-dendritic-cytoskeleton-to-drive-the-retrograde-trafficking-of-bdnf-trkb-signaling-endosomes
#9
Swathi Ayloo, Pedro Guedes-Dias, Amy E Ghiretti, Erika L F Holzbaur
The efficient transport of cargoes within axons and dendrites is critical for neuronal function. Although we have a basic understanding of axonal transport, much less is known about transport in dendrites. We used an optogenetic approach to recruit motor proteins to cargo in real time within axons or dendrites in hippocampal neurons. Kinesin-1, a robust axonal motor, moves cargo less efficiently in dendrites. In contrast, cytoplasmic dynein efficiently navigates both axons and dendrites; in both compartments, dynamic microtubule plus ends enhance dynein-dependent transport...
September 15, 2017: Molecular Biology of the Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715414/kinesin-1-promotes-chondrocyte-maintenance-during-skeletal-morphogenesis
#10
Adrian Santos-Ledo, Marina Garcia-Macia, Philip D Campbell, Marta Gronska, Florence L Marlow
During skeletal morphogenesis diverse mechanisms are used to support bone formation. This can be seen in the bones that require a cartilage template for their development. In mammals the cartilage template is removed, but in zebrafish the cartilage template persists and the bone mineralizes around the cartilage scaffold. Remodeling of unmineralized cartilage occurs via planar cell polarity (PCP) mediated cell rearrangements that contribute to lengthening of elements; however, the mechanisms that maintain the chondrocyte template that supports perichondral ossification remain unclear...
July 2017: PLoS Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699205/native-kinesin-1-does-not-bind-preferentially-to-gtp-tubulin-rich-microtubules-in-vitro
#11
Qiaochu Li, Stephen J King, Jing Xu
Molecular motors such as kinesin-1 work in small teams to actively shuttle cargos in cells, for example in polarized transport in axons. Here, we examined the potential regulatory role of the nucleotide state of tubulin on the run length of cargos carried by multiple kinesin motors, using an optical trapping-based in vitro assay. Based on a previous report that kinesin binds preferentially to GTP-tubulin-rich microtubules, we anticipated that multiple-kinesin cargos would run substantially greater distances along GMPCPP microtubules than along GDP microtubules...
July 12, 2017: Cytoskeleton
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678816/characterization-of-kinesin-switch-i-mutations-that-cause-hereditary-spastic-paraplegia
#12
Scott Jennings, Madeline Chenevert, Liqiong Liu, Madhusoodanan Mottamal, Edward J Wojcik, Thomas M Huckaba
Kif5A is a neuronally-enriched isoform of the Kinesin-1 family of cellular transport motors. 23 separate mutations in the motor domain of Kif5A have been identified in patients with the complicated form of hereditary spastic paraplegia (HSP). We performed in vitro assays on dimeric recombinant Kif5A with HSP-causing mutations in the Switch I domain, which participates in the coordination and hydrolysis of ATP by kinesin. We observed a variety of significantly reduced catalytic and mechanical activities as a result of each mutation, with the shared phenotype from each that motility was significantly reduced...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28663865/multimodal-nonlinear-optical-microscopy-reveals-critical-role-of-kinesin-1-in-cartilage-development
#13
Sicong He, Wenqian Xue, Zhigang Duan, Qiqi Sun, Xuesong Li, Huiyan Gan, Jiandong Huang, Jianan Y Qu
We developed a multimodal nonlinear optical (NLO) microscope system by integrating stimulated Raman scattering (SRS), second harmonic generation (SHG) and two-photon excited fluorescence (TPEF) imaging. The system was used to study the morphological and biochemical characteristics of tibial cartilage in a kinesin-1 (Kif5b) knockout mouse model. The detailed structure of fibrillar collagen in the extracellular matrix of cartilage was visualized by the forward and backward SHG signals, while high resolution imaging of chondrocytes was achieved by capturing endogenous TPEF and SRS signals of the cells...
March 1, 2017: Biomedical Optics Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638935/jip1-and-jip3-cooperate-to-mediate-trkb-anterograde-axonal-transport-by-activating-kinesin-1
#14
Tao Sun, Yuan Li, Ting Li, Huixian Ma, Yunyun Guo, Xingyu Jiang, Ming Hou, Shuhong Huang, Zheyu Chen
Long-range anterograde axonal transport of TrkB is important for neurons to exert appropriate BDNF responses. TrkB anterograde axonal delivery is mediated by kinesin-1, which associates with TrkB via the adaptor protein JIP3 or the Slp1/Rab27B/CRMP-2 protein complex. However, little is known about the activation mechanisms of TrkB-loaded kinesin-1. Here, we show that JIP1 mediates TrkB anterograde axonal transport using JIP1 knockout mice, sciatic nerve ligation analysis and live imaging. Next, we proved that JIP1 and JIP3 cooperate to mediate TrkB anterograde axonal transport...
June 21, 2017: Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences: CMLS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637747/f-actin-prevents-interaction-between-sperm-dna-and-the-oocyte-meiotic-spindle-in-c-elegans
#15
Michelle T Panzica, Harold C Marin, Anne-Cecile Reymann, Francis J McNally
Fertilization occurs during female meiosis in most animals, which raises the question of what prevents the sperm DNA from interacting with the meiotic spindle. In this study, we find that Caenorhabditis elegans sperm DNA stays in a fixed position at the opposite end of the embryo from the meiotic spindle while yolk granules are transported throughout the embryo by kinesin-1. In the absence of F-actin, the sperm DNA, centrioles, and organelles were transported as a unit with the yolk granules, resulting in sperm DNA within 2 µm of the meiotic spindle...
August 7, 2017: Journal of Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636917/kinesin-processivity-is-determined-by-a-kinetic-race-from-a-vulnerable-one-head-bound-state
#16
Keith J Mickolajczyk, William O Hancock
Kinesin processivity, defined as the average number of steps that occur per interaction with a microtubule, is an important biophysical determinant of the motor's intracellular capabilities. Despite its fundamental importance to the diversity of tasks that kinesins carry out in cells, no existing quantitative model fully explains how structural differences between kinesins alter kinetic rates in the ATPase cycle to produce functional changes in processivity. Here we use high-resolution single-molecule microscopy to directly observe the stepping behavior of kinesin-1 and -2 family motors with different length neck-linker domains...
June 20, 2017: Biophysical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631604/vaccinia-virus-egress-mediated-by-virus-protein-a36-is-reliant-on-the-f12-protein
#17
David C J Carpentier, Alexander Van Loggerenberg, Nele M G Dieckmann, Geoffrey L Smith
Egress of vaccinia virus from its host cell is mediated by the microtubule-associated motor kinesin-1, and three viral proteins, A36 and the F12/E2 complex, have been implicated in this process. Deletion of F12 expression causes a more severe reduction in egress than deletion of A36 but whether these proteins are involved in the same or different mechanisms of kinesin-1 recruitment is unknown. Here it is shown that a virus lacking both proteins forms a smaller plaque than mutants lacking either gene alone, indicating non-redundant functions...
June 2017: Journal of General Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620116/kinesin-1-does-not-transport-melanosomes
#18
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 15, 2017: Journal of Cell Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537258/exploiting-the-kinesin-1-molecular-motor-to-generate-a-virus-membrane-penetration-site
#19
Madhu Sudhan Ravindran, Martin F Engelke, Kristen J Verhey, Billy Tsai
Viruses exploit cellular machineries to penetrate a host membrane and cause infection, a process that remains enigmatic for non-enveloped viruses. Here we probe how the non-enveloped polyomavirus SV40 penetrates the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) membrane to reach the cytosol, a crucial infection step. We find that the microtubule-based motor kinesin-1 is recruited to the ER membrane by binding to the transmembrane J-protein B14. Strikingly, this motor facilitates SV40 ER-to-cytosol transport by constructing a penetration site on the ER membrane called a 'focus'...
May 24, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533284/nesprin-1%C3%AE-2-is-essential-for-mouse-postnatal-viability-and-nuclear-positioning-in-skeletal-muscle
#20
Matthew J Stroud, Wei Feng, Jianlin Zhang, Jennifer Veevers, Xi Fang, Larry Gerace, Ju Chen
The position of the nucleus in a cell is controlled by interactions between the linker of nucleoskeleton and cytoskeleton (LINC) complex and the cytoskeleton. Defects in nuclear positioning and abnormal aggregation of nuclei occur in many muscle diseases and correlate with muscle dysfunction. Nesprin 1, which includes multiple isoforms, is an integral component of the LINC complex, critical for nuclear positioning and anchorage in skeletal muscle, and is thought to provide an essential link between nuclei and actin...
July 3, 2017: Journal of Cell Biology
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