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Bimal Kumar Ghimire, Chang Yeon Yu, Ill-Min Chung
This study evaluated the effects of enhanced concentrations of α-tocopherol and phenolic compounds on the resistance and stability of Perilla oil in transgenic Perilla frutescens plants against various tested pathogenic bacteria by over-expressing the γ-tmt gene. The concentration of phenolic compounds in the non-transgenic samples was 9313.198 ± 18.887 μg g-1 dry weight (DW), whereas the total concentration of the transgenic samples ranged from 9118.015 ± 18.822 to 10527.612 ± 20.411 μg g-1 DW...
September 2017: Plant Physiology and Biochemistry: PPB
Kadir Uğur Mert, Serdar Ilgüy, Muhammet Dural, Gurbet Özge Mert, Engin Özakin
Bodybuilder-type workouts may affect heart rate variability (HRV), which has considerable potential to assess the role of autonomic nervous system (ANS). A scientifically designed approach is necessary for bodybuilders to achieve better results while protecting their health. In this study, we aimed to investigate HRV parameters in bodybuilders compared to healthy control subjects and effects of creatine supplementation. A total of 48 male participants (16 controls, 16 supplement (-), 16 supplement (+)) were evaluated in our study...
June 2017: Pacing and Clinical Electrophysiology: PACE
Daniel Antonio De Luis, Olatz Izaola, Pablo Bachiller, Jose Perez Castrillon
AIM: the aim of our study was to investigate the effect on strenght and quality of life of an enhanced specific enteral formula with HMBD and vitamin D in elderly patients. METHODS: we conducted an open-label study. General assessment of nutritional status included measurements of body weight, height, body mass index (kg/m2) and bioimpedance. Handgrrip strength was measured by dynamometry. QOL (quality of life) was assessed using the well validated SF 36 questonnaire...
July 1, 2015: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
Jose L Horreo, David Abad, Eduardo Dopico, Maud Oberlin, Eva Garcia-Vazquez
The biological and anthropogenic (management) factors that may contribute to the expansion of non-native lineages in managed fish have been studied in this work taking brown trout (Salmo trutta) as a model species. The changes of users' opinion about stocking was studied employing social science methodology (surveys). The evolution of hatchery stocks together with the outcome of stocking were analysed with two genetic tools: the LDH-C1* locus (marker of non-native stocks) and six microsatellite loci (for assignment of wild trout to the natural population or putative hatchery stocks)...
2015: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Renata Dobrila Dintinjana, Arnela Redzović, Aleksandar Cubranić, Marijan Dintinjana, Nenad Vanis
Cachexia is defined as an unintended loss of stable weight exceeding 10%. Patients with advanced cachexia express anorexia, early satiety, severe weight loss, weakness, anemia, and edema. Anorexia represents the result of a failure of the usual appetite signals whereas cachexia is the debilitating state of involuntary weight loss. This syndrome, referred to as the cancer anorexia-cachexia syndrome, (CACS) and usually consists of a combination of anorexia, tissue wasting, malnutrition, weight loss and loss of compensatory increase in feeding...
December 2014: Collegium Antropologicum
Aura Dulcinea Herrera-Martínez, María R Alhambra Expósito, Gregorio Manzano García, María J Molina Puertas, Alfonso Calañas Continente, Rodrigo Bahamondez Opazo, Concepción Muñoz Jiménez, Rafael Rojas Contreras, María A Gálvez Moreno
UNLABELLED: Glutamine is an essential amino acid for nucleotide synthesis and an important energy resource for cellular division. There is contradictory evidence about its benefits as part of parenteral nutrition. More than 75% of bone marrow transplant patients (BMTP) have, during their evolution, digestive tract complications limiting enteral nutrition, for this reason, sometimes total parenteral nutrition (TPN) is required. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to analyze the relation between the use of glutamine in TPN of BMTP, and the evolution of clinical acute complications as mucositis, graft versus host disease (GVHD) and infections days of stay and days of TPN...
April 1, 2015: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
Zeljko Vojvodić, Darja Nelken-Bestvina, Alma Kurc-Bionda, Danijela Stimac
The rise of pharmaceutical costs is a significant burden to overall health care expenditure. The Croatian Health Insurance Fund (CHIF) in attempts of its containment, use administrative measures directed toward the two greatest generators: pharmaceutical industry, through negotiating prices and periodic revisions of basic and suplemental drug lists, and primary care physicians, through limits in the volume of prescriptions, and annual financial expenditure. The aim of the study was to determine trends in quantity of issued prescriptions and pharmaceutical expanditure from 2000 to 2012...
December 2014: Collegium Antropologicum
Monika Stalmach, Grażyna Wilczek, Piotr Wilczek, Magdalena Skowronek, Monika Mędrzak
The aim of this study was to assess the genotoxic effects of Cd on haemocytes and midgut gland cells of web-building spiders, Steatoda grossa (Theridiidae), exposed to the metal under laboratory conditions. Analyzes were conducted on adult females and males, fed for four weeks with cadmium-contaminated Drosophila hydei flies, grown on a medium suplemented with 0.25 mM CdCl2. The comet assay, providing a quantitative measure of DNA strand breaks, was used to evaluate the DNA damage caused by the metal. Cadmium content was measured in whole spider bodies by the AAS method...
March 2015: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
Artur Guimarães Filho, Rodrigo Maranguape Silva da Cunha, Paulo Roberto Leitão de Vasconcelos, Sergio Botelho Guimarães
PURPOSE: To evaluate the relative gene expression (RGE) of cytosolic (MDH1) and mitochondrial (MDH2) malate dehydrogenases enzymes in partially hepatectomized rats after glutamine (GLN) or ornithine alpha-ketoglutarate (OKG) suplementation. METHODS: One-hundred and eight male Wistar rats were randomly distributed into six groups (n=18): CCaL, GLNL and OKGL and fed calcium caseinate (CCa), GLN and OKG, 0.5 g/Kg by gavage, 30 minutes before laparotomy. CCaH, GLNH and OKGH groups were likewise fed 30 minutes before 70% partial hepatectomy...
June 2014: Acta Cirúrgica Brasileira
E Doležálková, V Unzeitig
OBJECTIVE: Overview of neural tube defect in relation to use of folic acid among fertile-age women. DESIGN: Review article. SETTING: Obstetrics and gynecology department OU and FN Ostrava. METHODS AND RESULTS: Neural tube defects (NTDs) are one of the most common birth defects in the Czech Republic. The relation between using of folic acid and decrease of the incidence NTDs was first described in 1965. Fertile-age women are not able to get enough folate from their diet, therefore right timing and proper dosing of folic acid is the object of numerous studies...
April 2014: Ceská Gynekologie
Karen E Assmann, Camille Lassale, Pilar Galan, Serge Hercberg, Emmanuelle Kesse-Guyot
BACKGROUND: Understanding the role of dietary quality in the progression of adiposity in populations already affected by overweight or obesity is crucial for the guidance of secondary prevention strategies. OBJECTIVE: To examine the association of diet quality, as reflected by the French Nutrition and Health Programme (Programme National Nutrition Santé, PNNS)-Guideline Score (GS), with 6-year-changes in weight and waist circumference. DESIGN AND METHODS: Subjects were 1029 male and 450 female participants of the SUplémentation en VItamines et Minéraux AntioXydants (SU...
2014: PloS One
N Avramovic, V Dragutinovic, D Krstic, Mb Colovic, A Trbovic, S de Luka, I Milovanovic, T Popovic
BACKGROUND: The omega 3 fatty acids play an important role in many physiological processes. Their effect is well documented in neurodegenerative diseases and inflammatory diseases. Also, aging as a biophysiological process could be influenced by eicosapentanoic acid (EPA) and docosahexanoic acid (DHA) components of fish oil. However there are not many studies showing the effect of PUFA (polyunsaturated FA) suplementation in eldery brain functions and the response to oxidative strees. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of dietary omega-3 fatty acid supplementation on levels of lipid peroxidation and oxidant/antioxidant status of brain tissue in aged (24 months old) Wistar rats...
July 2012: Hippokratia
D A de Luis, O Izaola, B de la Fuente, M C Terroba, L Cuellar, G Cabezas
OBJECTIVES: The aim of our study was to investigate whether two different daily doses of a high monounsaturated fatty acid (MUFA) specific diabetes enteral formula could improve nutritional variables as well as metabolic parameters. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We conducted a randomized, open-label, multicenter, parallel group study. 27 patients with diabetes mellitus type 2 with recent weight loss were randomized to one of two study groups: group 1 (two cans per day) and group 2 (three cans per day) for a ten week period...
June 2013: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
Anna Piotrowska, Katarzyna Swiader, Bozena Waszkiewicz-Robak, Franciszek Swiderski
The paper characterizes pro-health properties of conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) and assesses the possibility of increasing their content in pork and pork meat products. Studies conducted on animals indicate antitumor, antiatherosclerotic and antiinflammatory effect ofCLA, also find impact on reducing body fat and increasing muscle growth. However, the number of observations concerning human populations is insufficient to fully evaluate the relationship between CLA intake and reducing the risk of lifestyle diseases...
2012: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
J Pérez-Bárcena, P Marsé, M Cervera, G Frontera, J A Llompart-Pou, J M Raurich, A García de Lorenzo
HYPOTHESIS: the endovenous administration of glutamine, independently of the type of nurtrition received, can reduce the ICU length of stay, the incidence of infections and the mortality in the traumatic patients admitted to the ICU. OBJECTIVES: The main objective is to assess the efficacy of glutamine suplementation, given intravenously, to reduce the incidence of infectious complications, mortality and ICU length of stay in the traumatic patients admitted to the ICU...
January 2012: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
T Tokiwa, J Kano, M Kodama, T Matsumura
Feasibility of using a macroporous membrane material, expanded polytetrafluoroethylene (ePTFE), for culturing hepatocytes on its surface was examined. Adult rat hepatocytes were attached to an ePTFE surface and cultured in a hormonally defined medium supplemented with or without fetal calf serum (FCS, 10%) or bovine serum albumin (BSA, 0.03-3%). When cultured in a FCS-suplemented medium, hepatocytes reorganized themselves into multilayer cell aggregates on an ePTFE surface. The morphological characteristics of hepatocytes were influenced by the modification of the ePTFE surface as well as the culture medium...
November 1997: Cytotechnology
I Urbánková, L Haaková, Z Stranák, L Krofta
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this article is to review current options of prenatal diagnosis and management of fetuses with congenital diaphragmatic hernia at the Institute for the Care of Mother and Child. SETTING: Institute for the Care of Mother and Child, 3. LF UK, Prague. METHODS: Review of the literature. RESULTS: Prenatal diagnosis of congenital diaphragmatic hernia based on 2D ultrasound. Measurement of the lung-to-head ratio (LHR), observed to expected lung to head ratio (O/E LHR), side of the diaphragmatic defect, assessment of the liver position and presence of associated anomalies (negative prognostic factors) are used for prediction of outcome...
December 2011: Ceská Gynekologie
N Korkmaz, E I Cengiz, E Unlu, E Uysal, M Yanar
The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of ascorbic acid on the toxicity of cypermethrin's on histopathological lesions in tissues and protein, glycogen levels in Oreochromis niloticus. Nile tilapia was exposed to 0.22 and 0.44 μg/l cypermethrin+control diet, 0.22 and 0.44 μg/l cypermethrin+ascorbic acid supplemented diet for 20 days. The fish were allowed recuperation period of 15 days in pesticide-free water and fed with ascorbic acid suplementation diet. In light microscopic investigation, histopathological lesions were observed in the gill, liver and kidney...
September 2009: Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology
Agnieszka Augustyniak, Elżbieta Skrzydlewska
The brain is exceptionally susceptible to oxidative stress that may be caused by xenobiotics such as ethanol. Alcohol metabolism is accompanied by enhanced free radical formation and a decrease in antioxidant abilities. However, L-carnitine appears to have antioxidant properties and the ability to regulate ethanol metabolism. The present study was designed to estimate the effect of L-carnitine on the antioxidant capacity of the rat brain and blood serum. For 5 weeks during the study, L-carnitine was given to rats in the amount of 1...
December 2010: Metabolic Brain Disease
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