keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Nanoparticles and medical imaging

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324908/-magnetic-sentinel-lymph-node-detection-in-prostate-cancer-after-intraprostatic-injection-of-superparamagnetic-iron-oxide-nanoparticles
#1
Alexander Winter, Svenja Engels, Tobias Kowald, Tina Susanne Paulo, Holger Gerullis, Ajay Chavan, Friedhelm Wawroschek
In prostate cancer, reliable information about the lymph node status is of great importance for accurate staging and the optimal planning of treatment. Despite recent advances in imaging, the histological detection of metastases, or pelvic lymphadenectomy (PLND), continues to be the most reliable method for lymph node staging in clinically localised prostate cancer, especially as this procedure enables the detection of small or micrometastases. Radioisotope-guided sentinel PLND (sPLND) demonstrates high sensitivity in the detection of lymph node metastases as well as low morbidity in prostate cancer because of the targeted removal of a relatively small number of lymph nodes...
March 21, 2017: Aktuelle Urologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294043/polysaccharide-based-materials-associated-with-or-coordinated-to-gold-nanoparticles-synthesis-and-medical-application
#2
Débora P Facchi, Joziel A da Cruz, Elton G Bonafé, Antonio G B Pereira, André R Fajardo, Sandro A S Venter, Johny P Monteiro, Edvani C Muniz, Alessandro F Martins
BACKGROUND: Gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) have enormous potential for application in imaging, diagnosis, and therapies in the medical field. AuNPs are renowned for their localized surface plasmon resonance (LSPR) properties, large surface area, and biocompatibility with body fluids. Further, AuNPs have featured prominently in new methodologies for cancer treatments, like photothermal and imaging therapies. Although AuNPs present enormous potential for application in the medical field, their instability under physiological conditions prevents further uses...
March 9, 2017: Current Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289416/specific-and-efficient-uptake-of-surfactant-free-poly-lactic-acid-nanovaccine-vehicles-by-mucosal-dendritic-cells-in-adult-zebrafish-after-bath-immersion
#3
Julien Rességuier, Emilie Delaune, Anne-Line Coolen, Jean-Pierre Levraud, Pierre Boudinot, Dominique Le Guellec, Bernard Verrier
Activation of mucosal immunity is a key milestone for next-generation vaccine development. Biocompatible polymer-based nanoparticles (NPs) are promising vectors and adjuvants for mucosal vaccination. However, their in vivo uptake by mucosae and their biodistribution in antigen-presenting cells (APCs) need to be better understood to optimize mucosal nanovaccine designs. Here, we assessed if APCs are efficiently targeted in a spontaneous manner by surfactant-free poly(lactic acid) nanoparticles (PLA-NPs) after mucosal administration...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287595/bioluminescence-and-near-infrared-imaging-of-optic-neuritis-and-brain-inflammation-in-the-eae-model-of-multiple-sclerosis-in-mice
#4
Katja Schmitz, Irmgard Tegeder
Experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) in SJL/J mice is a model for relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS). Clinical EAE scores describing motor function deficits are basic readouts of the immune-mediated inflammation of the spinal cord. However, scores and body weight do not allow for an in vivo assessment of brain inflammation and optic neuritis. The latter is an early and frequent manifestation in about 2/3 of MS patients. Here, we show methods for bioluminescence and near-infrared live imaging to assess EAE evoked optic neuritis, brain inflammation, and blood-brain barrier (BBB) disruption in living mice using an in vivo imaging system...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282891/multicomponent-tumor-homing-chitosan-nanoparticles-for-cancer-imaging-and-therapy
#5
REVIEW
Jaehong Key, Kyeongsoon Park
Current clinical methods for cancer diagnosis and therapy have limitations, although survival periods are increasing as medical technologies develop. In most cancer cases, patient survival is closely related to cancer stage. Late-stage cancer after metastasis is very challenging to cure because current surgical removal of cancer is not precise enough and significantly affects bystander normal tissues. Moreover, the subsequent chemotherapy and radiation therapy affect not only malignant tumors, but also healthy tissues...
March 8, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28251471/wetting-ability-of-biological-liquids-in-presence-of-metallic-nanoparticles
#6
L Torrisi, C Scolaro, N Restuccia
The wetting ability of water and of some biological liquids was measured on different biocompatible surfaces with and without different colloidal metals. Insoluble nanoparticles disperse in biological tissues enhance some properties, such as the interface adhesion between two surfaces, the X-ray contrast of medical images and the absorbed dose during radiotherapy treatments. The introduction of nanoparticles in the liquids generally improves the wetting ability and changes other properties of the solution, due to the different distribution of the adhesion forces, to the nature, morphology and concentration of the added nanoparticles...
April 2017: Journal of Materials Science. Materials in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238134/evaluating-nanoparticle-binding-to-blood-compartment-immune-cells-in-high-throughput-with-flow-cytometry
#7
Shann S Yu
Nanoparticles are increasingly being utilized for in vivo applications, where they are implemented as carriers for drugs, contrast agents for noninvasive medical imaging, or delivery vehicles for macromolecular agents such as DNA or proteins. However, they possess many physical and chemical properties that cause them to become rapidly recognized by the immune system as a foreign body, leading to their clearance and elimination, even before they may accumulate to critical concentrations at anatomic and cellular sites of action...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223165/heterogeneous-intratumoral-distribution-of-gadolinium-nanoparticles-within-u87-human-glioblastoma-xenografts-unveiled-by-micro-pixe-imaging
#8
Asuncion Carmona, Stéphane Roudeau, Baptiste L'Homel, Frédéric Pouzoulet, Sarah Bonnet-Boissinot, Yolanda Prezado, Richard Ortega
Metallic nanoparticles have great potential in cancer radiotherapy as theranostic drugs since, they serve simultaneously as contrast agents for medical imaging and as radio-therapy sensitizers. As with other anticancer drugs, intratumoral diffusion is one of the main limiting factors for therapeutic efficiency. To date, a few reports have investigated the intratumoral distribution of metallic nanoparticles. The aim of this study was to determine the quantitative distribution of gadolinium (Gd) nanoparticles after direct intratumoral injection within U87 human glioblastoma tumors grafted in mice, using micro-PIXE (Particle Induced X-ray Emission) imaging...
February 20, 2017: Analytical Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214127/functionalized-superparamagnetic-iron-oxide-nanoparticles-provide-highly-efficient-iron-labeling-in-macrophages-for-magnetic-resonance-based-detection-in-vivo
#9
Jack Sharkey, Philip J Starkey Lewis, Michael Barrow, Salamah M Alwahsh, June Noble, Eilidh Livingstone, Ross J Lennen, Maurits A Jansen, Jaime Garcia Carrion, Neill Liptrott, Shareen Forbes, Dave J Adams, Amy E Chadwick, Stuart J Forbes, Patricia Murray, Matthew J Rosseinsky, Christopher E Goldring, B Kevin Park
BACKGROUND AIMS: Tracking cells during regenerative cytotherapy is crucial for monitoring their safety and efficacy. Macrophages are an emerging cell-based regenerative therapy for liver disease and can be readily labeled for medical imaging. A reliable, clinically applicable cell-tracking agent would be a powerful tool to study cell biodistribution. METHODS: Using a recently described chemical design, we set out to functionalize, optimize and characterize a new set of superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (SPIONs) to efficiently label macrophages for magnetic resonance imaging-based cell tracking in vivo...
April 2017: Cytotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212271/carbon-nanotubes-as-an-effective-opportunity-for-cancer-diagnosis-and-treatment
#10
REVIEW
Alessandro Sanginario, Beatrice Miccoli, Danilo Demarchi
Despite the current progresses of modern medicine, the resistance of malignant tumors to present medical treatments points to the necessity of developing new therapeutic approaches. In recent years, numerous studies have focused their attention on the promising use of nanomaterials, like iron oxide nanowires, zinc oxide or mesoporous silica nanoparticles, for cancer and metastasis treatment with the advantage of operating directly at the bio-molecular scale. Among them, carbon nanotubes emerged as valid candidates not only for drug delivery, but also as a valuable tool in cancer imaging and physical ablation...
February 15, 2017: Biosensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197024/nanotechnology-in-urology
#11
REVIEW
Sudhindra Jayasimha
INTRODUCTION: Nanotechnology has revolutionized our approach to medical diagnostics as well as therapeutics and has spanned an entirely new branch of research. This review addresses the potential applications of Nanotechnology in Urology. This article is based on the Dr. Sitharaman Best Essay award of the Urological Society of India for 2016. METHODS: A PubMed search was performed for all relevant articles using the terms, "nanotechnology, nanoparticles, nanoshells, nanoscaffolds, and nanofibers...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Urology: IJU: Journal of the Urological Society of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193901/exceedingly-small-iron-oxide-nanoparticles-as-positive-mri-contrast-agents
#12
He Wei, Oliver T Bruns, Michael G Kaul, Eric C Hansen, Mariya Barch, Agata Wiśniowska, Ou Chen, Yue Chen, Nan Li, Satoshi Okada, Jose M Cordero, Markus Heine, Christian T Farrar, Daniel M Montana, Gerhard Adam, Harald Ittrich, Alan Jasanoff, Peter Nielsen, Moungi G Bawendi
Medical imaging is routine in the diagnosis and staging of a wide range of medical conditions. In particular, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is critical for visualizing soft tissue and organs, with over 60 million MRI procedures performed each year worldwide. About one-third of these procedures are contrast-enhanced MRI, and gadolinium-based contrast agents (GBCAs) are the mainstream MRI contrast agents used in the clinic. GBCAs have shown efficacy and are safe to use with most patients; however, some GBCAs have a small risk of adverse effects, including nephrogenic systemic fibrosis (NSF), the untreatable condition recently linked to gadolinium (Gd) exposure during MRI with contrast...
February 28, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167827/utilizing-the-power-of-cerenkov-light-with-nanotechnology
#13
REVIEW
Travis M Shaffer, Edwin C Pratt, Jan Grimm
The characteristic blue glow of Cerenkov luminescence (CL) arises from the interaction between a charged particle travelling faster than the phase velocity of light and a dielectric medium, such as water or tissue. As CL emanates from a variety of sources, such as cosmic events, particle accelerators, nuclear reactors and clinical radionuclides, it has been used in applications such as particle detection, dosimetry, and medical imaging and therapy. The combination of CL and nanoparticles for biomedicine has improved diagnosis and therapy, especially in oncological research...
February 7, 2017: Nature Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164704/encapsulation-of-gadolinium-oxide-nanoparticle-gd2o3-contrasting-agents-in-pamam-dendrimer-templates-for-enhanced-magnetic-resonance-imaging-in-vivo
#14
Shewaye Lakew Mekuria, Tilahun Ayane Debele, Hsieh-Chih Tsai
There has been growing interest in the research of nanomaterials for biomedical applications in recent decades. Herein, a simple approach to synthesize the G4.5-Gd2O3-poly(ethylene glycol) (G4.5-Gd2O3-PEG) nanoparticles (NPs) that demonstrate potential as dual (T1 and T2) contrasting agents in magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has been reported in this study. Compared to the clinically popular Gd-DTPA contrasting agents, G4.5-Gd2O3-PEG NPs exhibited a longer longitudinal relaxation time (T1) and better biocompatibility when incubated with macrophage cell line RAW264...
March 1, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161832/enhanced-biosafety-of-silica-coated-gadolinium-based-nanoparticles
#15
Marta Laranjeira, Yuki Shirosaki, Saki Yoshimatsu Yasutomi, Toshiki Miyazaki, Fernando Jorge Monteiro
One of the most important and novel approaches of biomedical engineering is the development of new, effective and non-invasive medical diagnosis abilities, and treatments that have such requirements as advanced technologies for tumor imaging. Gadolinium (Gd) compounds can be used as MRI contrast agents, however the release of Gd(3+) ions presents some adverse side effects such as renal failure, pancreatitis or local necrosis. The main aim of the work was the development and optimization of Gadolinium based nanoparticles coated with silica to be used as bioimaging agent...
March 2017: Journal of Materials Science. Materials in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28140681/a-review-on-nanoparticle-based-technologies-for-biodetoxification
#16
Faqir Muhammad, Tuyen Duong Thanh Nguyen, Ahmad Raza, Bushra Akhtar, Santosh Aryal
Nanotechnology has gained significant penetration to different fields of medicine including drug delivery, disease interrogation, targeting and bio-imaging. In recent years, efforts have been put forth to assess the use of this technology in biodetoxification. In this review, we will discuss the current status of nanostructured biomaterials/nanoparticle (NP)-based technologies as a candidate biodetoxifying agent. Patient hospitalization due to illicit drug consumption, suicidal attempts and accidental toxin exposure are major challenges in the medical field...
January 31, 2017: Drug and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28121071/colloidal-gold-nanoclusters-spiked-silica-fillers-in-mixed-matrix-coatings-simultaneous-detection-and-inhibition-of-healthcare-associated-infections
#17
Shahad K Alsaiari, Mohammed A Hammami, Jonas G Croissant, Haneen W Omar, Pradeep Neelakanda, Tahir Yapici, Klaus-Viktor Peinemann, Niveen M Khashab
Healthcare-associated infections (HAIs) are the infections that patients get while receiving medical treatment in a medical facility with bacterial HAIs being the most common. Silver and gold nanoparticles (NPs) have been successfully employed as antibacterial motifs; however, NPs leaching in addition to poor dispersion and overall reproducibility are major hurdles to further product development. In this study, the authors design and fabricate a smart antibacterial mixed-matrix membrane coating comprising colloidal lysozyme-templated gold nanoclusters as nanofillers in poly(ethylene oxide)/poly(butylene terephthalate) amphiphilic polymer matrix...
January 25, 2017: Advanced Healthcare Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102031/dual-nano-sized-contrast-agents-in-pet-mri-a-systematic-review
#18
REVIEW
Afsaneh Lahooti, Saeed Sarkar, Sophie Laurent, Saeed Shanehsazzadeh
Nowadays molecular imaging plays a vital role in achieving a successful targeted and personalized treatment. Hence, the approach of combining two or more medical imaging modalities was developed. The objective of this review is to systematically compare recent dual contrast agents in Positron Emission Tomography (PET)/Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) and in some cases Single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT)/MRI in terms of some their characteristics, such as tumor uptake, and reticuloendothelial system uptake (especially liver) and their relaxivity rates for early detection of primary cancer tumor...
November 2016: Contrast Media & Molecular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097599/biosynthesis-characterization-and-bioactivities-evaluation-of-silver-and-gold-nanoparticles-mediated-by-the-roots-of-chinese-herbal-angelica-pubescens-maxim
#19
Josua Markus, Dandan Wang, Yeon-Ju Kim, Sungeun Ahn, Ramya Mathiyalagan, Chao Wang, Deok Chun Yang
A facile synthesis and biological applications of silver (DH-AgNps) and gold nanoparticles (DH-AuNps) mediated by the aqueous extract of Angelicae Pubescentis Radix (Du Huo) are explored. Du Huo is a medicinal root belonging to Angelica pubescens Maxim which possesses anti-inflammatory, analgesic, and antioxidant properties. The absorption spectra of nanoparticles in varying root extract and metal ion concentration, pH, reaction temperatures, and time were recorded by ultraviolet-visible (UV-Vis) spectroscopy...
December 2017: Nanoscale Research Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095688/effect-of-gold-nanoparticle-size-and-coating-on-labeling-monocytes-for-ct-tracking
#20
Peter Chhour, Johoon Kim, Barbara Benardo, Alfredo Tovar, Shaameen Mian, Harold I Litt, Victor A Ferrari, David P Cormode
With advances in cell therapies, interest in cell tracking techniques to monitor the migration, localization, and viability of these cells continues to grow. X-ray computed tomography (CT) is a cornerstone of medical imaging but has been limited in cell tracking applications due to its low sensitivity toward contrast media. In this study, we investigate the role of size and surface functionality of gold nanoparticles for monocyte uptake to optimize the labeling of these cells for tracking in CT. We synthesized gold nanoparticles (AuNP) that range from 15 to 150 nm in diameter and examined several capping ligands, generating 44 distinct AuNP formulations...
January 18, 2017: Bioconjugate Chemistry
keyword
keyword
47203
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"