keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Nanoparticles and medical imaging

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814860/quantum-dots-in-imaging-drug-delivery-and-sensor-applications
#1
REVIEW
Cristian T Matea, Teodora Mocan, Flaviu Tabaran, Teodora Pop, Ofelia Mosteanu, Cosmin Puia, Cornel Iancu, Lucian Mocan
Quantum dots (QDs), also known as nanoscale semiconductor crystals, are nanoparticles with unique optical and electronic properties such as bright and intensive fluorescence. Since most conventional organic label dyes do not offer the near-infrared (>650 nm) emission possibility, QDs, with their tunable optical properties, have gained a lot of interest. They possess characteristics such as good chemical and photo-stability, high quantum yield and size-tunable light emission. Different types of QDs can be excited with the same light wavelength, and their narrow emission bands can be detected simultaneously for multiple assays...
2017: International Journal of Nanomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804244/development-of-new-contrast-agents-for-imaging-function-and-metabolism-by-magnetic-resonance-imaging
#2
Alexandra Carvalho, M Clara Gonçalves, M Luísa Corvo, M Bárbara F Martins
Liposomes are interesting nanosystems with a wide range of medical application. One particular application is their ability to enhance contrast in magnetic resonance images; when properly loaded with magnetic/superparamagnetic nanoparticles, this means to act as contrast agents. The design of liposomes loaded with magnetic particles, magnetoliposomes, presents a large number of possibilities depending on the application from image function to metabolism. More interesting is its double function application as theranostics (diagnostics and therapy)...
2017: Magnetic Resonance Insights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783106/melanin-based-contrast-agents-for-biomedical-optoacoustic-imaging-and-theranostic-applications
#3
REVIEW
Dario Livio Longo, Rachele Stefania, Silvio Aime, Alexander Oraevsky
Optoacoustic imaging emerged in early 1990s as a new biomedical imaging technology that generates images by illuminating tissues with short laser pulses and detecting resulting ultrasound waves. This technique takes advantage of the spectroscopic approach to molecular imaging, and delivers high-resolution images in the depth of tissue. Resolution of the optoacoustic imaging is scalable, so that biomedical systems from cellular organelles to large organs can be visualized and, more importantly, characterized based on their optical absorption coefficient, which is proportional to the concentration of absorbing chromophores...
August 7, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774792/macrophage-imaging-of-cerebral-aneurysms-with-ferumoxytol-an-exploratory-study-in-an-animal-model-and-in-patients
#4
Tomohiro Aoki, Makoto Saito, Hirokazu Koseki, Keiichi Tsuji, Atsushi Tsuji, Kiyoshi Murata, Hidetoshi Kasuya, Akio Morita, Shuh Narumiya, Kazuhiko Nozaki
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to assess the validity and feasibility of macrophage imaging using an ultrasmall superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticle, ferumoxytol, in the cerebral aneurysmal wall in an animal model and in humans. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Engulfment of ferumoxytol by primary culture of macrophages and RAW264.7 cells was assessed. Uptake of ferumoxytol was evaluated histologically in a cerebral aneurysmal model in rats. In an exploratory clinical study of magnetic resonance macrophage imaging, 17 unruptured aneurysms in 17 patients were imaged using thin-slice gapless magnetic resonance images of 2D-gradient-recalled echo (2D-GRE) and 3D-T1-fast-spin echo sequences on day 0 and of the same sequences with infusion of ferumoxytol 24 hours after the first imaging...
July 31, 2017: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761103/towards-picogram-detection-of-superparamagnetic-iron-oxide-particles-using-a-gradiometric-receive-coil
#5
Matthias Graeser, Tobias Knopp, Patryk Szwargulski, Thomas Friedrich, Anselm von Gladiss, Michael Kaul, Kannan M Krishnan, Harald Ittrich, Gerhard Adam, Thorsten M Buzug
Superparamagnetic iron-oxide nanoparticles can be used in medical applications like vascular or targeted imaging. Magnetic particle imaging (MPI) is a promising tomographic imaging technique that allows visualizing the 3D nanoparticle distribution concentration in a non-invasive manner. The two main strengths of MPI are high temporal resolution and high sensitivity. While the first has been proven in the assessment of dynamic processes like cardiac imaging, it is unknown how far the detection limit of MPI can be lowered...
July 31, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745288/production-stabilisation-and-characterisation-of-silver-nanoparticles-coated-with-bioactive-polymers-pluronic-f68-pvp-and-pva
#6
Carolina A Santos, Victor M Balcão, Marco V Chaud, Marcelo Martins Seckler, Mahendra Rai, Marta M D C Vila
The increasing and alarming panorama of bacterial infections and associated morbidities that occur during medical and hospital procedures makes the development of technologies that aid in controlling such bacterial infections of utmost importance. Recent studies have shown that formulations with metal nanoparticles exhibit good antibacterial properties against a broad spectrum of microorganisms. Moreover, it was demonstrated that some biologically active polymeric materials, when applied in combination with chemical antimicrobial agents, enhance the therapeutic action of the latter...
August 2017: IET Nanobiotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726968/evaluation-of-spectral-photon-counting-computed-tomography-k-edge-imaging-for-determination-of-gold-nanoparticle-biodistribution-in-vivo
#7
Salim Si-Mohamed, David P Cormode, Daniel Bar-Ness, Monica Sigovan, Pratap C Naha, Jean-Baptiste Langlois, Lara Chalabreysse, Philippe Coulon, Ira Blevis, Ewald Roessl, Klaus Erhard, Loic Boussel, Philippe Douek
Spectral photon counting computed tomography (SPCCT) is an emerging medical imaging technology. SPCCT scanners record the energy of incident photons, which allows specific detection of contrast agents due to measurement of their characteristic X-ray attenuation profiles. This approach is known as K-edge imaging. Nanoparticles formed from elements such as gold, bismuth or ytterbium have been reported as potential contrast agents for SPCCT imaging. Furthermore, gold nanoparticles have many applications in medicine, such as adjuvants for radiotherapy and photothermal ablation...
July 20, 2017: Nanoscale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726923/robust-manufacturing-of-lipid-polymer-nanoparticles-through-feedback-control-of-parallelized-swirling-microvortices
#8
Michael J Toth, Taeyoung Kim, YongTae Kim
A variety of therapeutic and/or diagnostic nanoparticles (NPs), or nanomedicines, have been formulated for improved drug delivery and imaging applications. Microfluidic technology enables continuous and highly reproducible synthesis of NPs through controlled mixing processes at the micro- and nanoscale. Yet, the inherent low-throughput remains a critical roadblock, precluding the probable applications of new nanomedicines for clinical translation. Here we present robust manufacturing of lipid-polymer NPs (LPNPs) through feedback controlled operation of parallelized swirling microvortex reactors (SMRs)...
August 8, 2017: Lab on a Chip
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713172/poxylation-as-an-alternative-stealth-coating-for-biomedical-applications
#9
Herdis Bludau, Anna E Czapar, Andrzej S Pitek, Sourabh Shukla, Rainer Jordan, Nicole F Steinmetz
Polyethylene glycol (PEG) polymers are currently used in a variety of medical formulations to reduce toxicity, minimize immune interactions and improve pharmacokinetics. Despite its widespread use however, the presence of anti-PEG antibodies indicates that this polymer has the potential to be immunogenic and antigenic. Here we present an alternative polymer, poly(2-oxazoline) (POx) for stealth applications, specifically shielding of a proteinaceous nanoparticle from recognition by the immune system. Tobacco mosaic virus (TMV) was used as our testbed due to its potential for use as a nanocarrier for drug delivery and molecular imaging applications...
March 2017: European Polymer Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704559/synthesis-cytotoxicity-and-antitumour-mechanism-investigations-of-polyoxometalate-doped-silica-nanospheres-on-breast-cancer-mcf-7-cells
#10
Hongqian Cao, Chunyan Li, Wen Qi, Xiangjun Meng, Rui Tian, Yanfei Qi, Wei Yang, Juan Li
Polyoxometalates (POMs) have shown the potential anti-bacterial, anti-viral and anti-tumor activities. In order to improve their physiological stability and antitumour activity for medical application, K2Na[AsIIIMo6O21(O2CCH2NH3)3]·6H2O doped silica nanospheres (POM@SiO2) with diameters of ~40 nm have been synthesized by the water-in-oil microemulsion method in this study. The obtained spheres were morphologically uniform nanosized and nearly monodispersed in solution. The nanoparticles had high entrapment efficiency, which was upto 46...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675414/nanotekniken-kan-revolutionera-behandlingen-av-cancer-ger-nya-m%C3%A3-jligheter-att-m%C3%A3-lstyra-l%C3%A3-kemedel-men-flera-stora-utmaningar-%C3%A3-terst%C3%A3-r-att-tackla
#11
Matthias Löhr, Wouter van der Wijngaart, Björn Fagerberg
Nanoparticles for cancer therapy Nanoparticles carry a big promise in oncology, for diagnosis/imaging, therapy, or both (theragnostics). As common in medical history, there is a huge gap between the exciting experimental possibilities and data and clinical studies making use of it. Of the cell-containing nanoparticles, only one formulation using gene-directed enzyme prodrug therapy (GDEPT) with CYP2B1 and ifosfamide was used in early clinical studies. Of the cell-free nanoparticles, some drug-releasing (doxorubicin) ones are in clinical use for trans-arterial chemo-embolization (TACE) in liver tumors and metastasis...
July 3, 2017: Läkartidningen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619641/optimal-conditions-for-producing-bactericidal-sodium-hyaluronate-tio2-bionanocomposite-and-its-characterization
#12
Mohsen Safaei, Mojtaba Taran
In this research, the creation of optimum conditions for the formation of sodium hyaluronate-TiO2 bionanocomposite and its antibacterial effect on gram positive and gram negative bacteria was evaluated. The Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy spectra, scanning electron microscopy images and energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy pattern confirmed the formation of the bionanocomposite. Thermogravimetric analysis and differential thermal analysis indicated that the thermal stability rate had significantly improved with formation of the bionanocomposite...
June 12, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609289/adverse-eff-ects-of-polymeric-nanoparticle-poly-ethylene-glycol-block-polylactide-methyl-ether-peg-b-pla-on-steroid-hormone-secretion-by-porcine-granulosa-cells
#13
Sona Scsukova, Mlynarcikova A Bujnakova, A Kiss, E Rollerova
OBJECTIVES: Development of nanoparticles (NPs) for biomedical applications, including medical imaging and drug delivery, is currently undergoing a dramatic expansion. Diverse effects of different type NPs relating to mammalian reproductive tissues have been demonstrated. Th e objective of this study was to explore the in vitro effects of polymeric nanoparticle poly(ethylene glycol)-blockpolylactide methyl ether (PEG-b-PLA NPs) on functional state and viability of ovarian granulosa cells (GCs), which play an important role in maintaining ovarian function and female fertility...
April 25, 2017: Endocrine Regulations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607443/size-tunable-lateral-confinement-in-monolayer-semiconductors
#14
Guohua Wei, David A Czaplewski, Erik J Lenferink, Teodor K Stanev, Il Woong Jung, Nathaniel P Stern
Three-dimensional confinement allows semiconductor quantum dots to exhibit size-tunable electronic and optical properties that enable a wide range of opto-electronic applications from displays, solar cells and bio-medical imaging to single-electron devices. Additional modalities such as spin and valley properties in monolayer transition metal dichalcogenides provide further degrees of freedom requisite for information processing and spintronics. In nanostructures, however, spatial confinement can cause hybridization that inhibits the robustness of these emergent properties...
June 12, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603606/synthesis-and-properties-of-magnetic-optical-core-shell-nanoparticles
#15
Elyahb Allie Kwizera, Elise Chaffin, Yongmei Wang, Xiaohua Huang
Due to their high integrity, facile surface chemistry, excellent stability, and dual properties from the core and shell materials, magnetic-plasmonic core-shell nanoparticles are of great interest across a number of science, engineering and biomedical disciplines. They are promising for applications in a broad range of areas including catalysis, energy conversion, biological separation, medical imaging, disease detection and treatment. The technological applications have driven the need for high quality nanoparticles with well controlled magnetic and optical properties...
March 19, 2017: RSC Advances
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602801/raman-imaging-of-cellular-uptake-and-studies-of-silver-nanoparticles-effect-in-bj-human-fibroblasts-cell-lines
#16
Monika Perlovska Harvanova, Jana Jiravova, Jakub Malohlava, Katerina Barton Tomankova, Dagmar Jirova, Hana Kolarova
Silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) have been widely studied for their beneficial antimicrobial effect and have been considered by some to be a safe ingredient, as penetration of metal nanoparticles through the skin in vivo has not been proven. However, AgNPs are becoming a commonly applied nanomaterial for surface modifications of medical products which come into contact with damaged skin. In our experiments, we tested two commercially available AgNPs samples manufactured by electrolysis. AFM was used to characterize tested AgNPs morphology and their mean particle size which was assessed as 30...
August 7, 2017: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596141/delivery-of-cyclodextrin-polymers-to-bacterial-biofilms-an-exploratory-study-using-rhodamine-labelled-cyclodextrins-and-multiphoton-microscopy
#17
Hanna Thomsen, Gábor Benkovics, Éva Fenyvesi, Anne Farewell, Milo Malanga, Marica B Ericson
Cyclodextrin (CD) polymers are interesting nanoparticulate systems for pharmaceutical delivery; however, knowledge regarding their applications towards delivery into complex microbial biofilm structures is so far limited. The challenge is to demonstrate penetration and transport through the biofilm and its exopolysaccharide matrix. The ideal functionalization for penetration into mature biofilms is unexplored. In this paper, we present a novel set of rhodamine labelled βCD-polymers, with different charge moieties, i...
June 6, 2017: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595565/gold-nanoparticles-by-laser-ablation-for-x-ray-imaging-and-protontherapy-improvements
#18
Torrisi Lorenzo, Nancy Restuccia, Irene Paterniti
Gold nanoparticles, 5-20 nm in diameter, were generated with a pulsed Nd:YAG laser at 1010 W/cm2 at solution concentrations ranging between 1-100 mg/ml. Nanoparticles were characterized using optical absorbance, X-ray fluorescence, SEM, and TEM. Biocompatible nanoparticle solutions were injected by intravenously into the tail veins of mice followed by X-ray imaging using 20-45 keV photons to evaluate the uptake and the clearance by different organs of the nanoparticles. The incremental X-ray contrast imaging using gold nanoparticles was investigated and measured...
June 8, 2017: Recent Patents on Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593942/dynamic-contrast-enhanced-photoacoustic-imaging-using-photothermal-stimuli-responsive-composite-nanomodulators
#19
Yun-Sheng Chen, Soon Joon Yoon, Wolfgang Frey, Mary Dockery, Stanislav Emelianov
Molecular photoacoustic imaging has shown great potential in medical applications; its sensitivity is normally in pico-to-micro-molar range, dependent on exogenous imaging agents. However, tissue can produce strong background signals, which mask the signals from the imaging agents, resulting in orders of magnitude sensitivity reduction. As such, an elaborate spectral scan is often required to spectrally un-mix the unwanted background signals. Here we show a new single-wavelength photoacoustic dynamic contrast-enhanced imaging technique by employing a stimuli-responsive contrast agent...
June 8, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589558/potential-applications-and-human-biosafety-of-nanomaterials-used-in-nanomedicine
#20
REVIEW
Hong Su, Yafei Wang, Yuanliang Gu, Linda Bowman, Jinshun Zhao, Min Ding
With the rapid development of nanotechnology, potential applications of nanomaterials in medicine have been widely researched in recent years. Nanomaterials themselves can be used as image agents or therapeutic drugs, and for drug and gene delivery, biological devices, nanoelectronic biosensors or molecular nanotechnology. As the composition, morphology, chemical properties, implant sites as well as potential applications become more and more complex, human biosafety of nanomaterials for clinical use has become a major concern...
June 6, 2017: Journal of Applied Toxicology: JAT
keyword
keyword
47203
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"