Read by QxMD icon Read


Benjamin A Fisher, Philippe Donatien, Andrew Filer, C Peter Winlove, Iain B McInnes, Christopher D Buckley, Peter C Taylor
OBJECTIVES: An important feature of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is hypoxia-driven synovial angiogenesis, but the relationship between change in vascularity, as measured by power Doppler ultrasound (PDUS), and oxygen tensions is unaddressed. METHODS: Metacarpophalangeal (MCP) joint PDUS was assessed in 23 patients with RA, alongside arthroscopic synovitis and oxygen tension measurements, at baseline and 4 weeks after anti-tumour necrosis factor (TNF) inhibitors. RESULTS: Anti-TNF reduced PDUS scores, which were negatively correlated with rise in oxygen tensions...
September 8, 2016: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
Julio Ramírez, José Iniciarte-Mundo, Andrea Cuervo, Virginia Ruiz-Esquide, M Victoria Hernández, Raimón Sanmartí, Juan D Cañete
OBJECTIVES: To analyse clinical, serological and sonographic differences between rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and polyarticular psoriatic arthritis (PsA) patients on anti-TNF therapy in clinical remission. METHODS: Angiogenic and proinflammatory cytokine serum levels were determined by multiplex ELISA in patients with RA and PsA in clinical remission (DAS28-ESR<2.6), clinically-active RA patients (DAS28>3.2) and healthy controls. Ultrasound (US) scans were made of both wrists and hands...
October 7, 2016: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
Johannes Roth, Viviana Ravagnani, Marina Backhaus, Peter Balint, Alessandra Bruns, George A Bruyn, Paz Collado, Lorenia De la Cruz, Severine Guillaume-Czitrom, Troels Herlin, Cristina Hernandez, Annamaria Iagnocco, Sandrine Jousse-Joulin, Stefano Lanni, Vibke Lilleby, Clara Malattia, Silvia Magni-Manzoni, Consuelo Modesto, Ana Narrodi, Juan-Carlos Nieto, Sarah Ohrndorf, Linda Rossi, Anne-Marit Selvaag, Nanno Swen, Tracy Ting, Nikolay Tzaribachev, Patricia Vega-Fernandez, Jelena Vojinovic, Daniel Windschall, Maria-Antonietta D'Agostino, Esperanza Naredo
Objectives Musculoskeletal ultrasonography (US) has the potential to be an important tool in the assessment of disease activity in childhood arthritides. To assess pathology, clear definitions for synovitis need to be developed first. The aim of this study was to develop and validate these definitions through an international consensus process. Methods The decision on which US techniques to use, the components to be included in the definitions as well as the final wording were developed by 31 ultrasound experts in a consensus process...
October 16, 2016: Arthritis Care & Research
Sharon L Kolasinski, Andrew S Chi, Angel J Lopez-Garib
Systemic rheumatic diseases frequently pose diagnostic challenges to the clinician. The precise nature of the disorder can be obscure and different disorders can present with similar symptoms, such as joint pain. Plain radiographs provide an appropriate starting point for detection of joint abnormalities. Musculoskeletal ultrasound and MRI offer greater sensitivity in detecting synovitis, tenosynovitis and bony erosions, among other features. However, due to the rarity of these diseases and lack of prospective longitudinal trials, a broader picture of the epidemiology of these findings and their implications for treatment and outcomes remains to be determined...
November 2016: Rheumatic Diseases Clinics of North America
Steven Schaub, Hartley M Sirkis, Jonathan Kay
Multifocal osteomyelitis and synovitis, acne, pustulosis, hyperostosis, and osteitis (SAPHO) syndrome constitute a spectrum of disease that includes inflammatory bone lesions and dermatologic findings. Radiographic features resemble those of the spondyloarthropathies with anterior chest wall involvement. Early radiographic findings are osteodestructive with lytic lesions. Bone scintigraphy of the sternoclavicular region classically yields a 'bull's head' pattern of radionuclide uptake. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) can demonstrate corner lesions of vertebral bodies...
November 2016: Rheumatic Diseases Clinics of North America
I K Haugen
Hand osteoarthritis (OA) is a prevalent disease that can lead to substantial pain and physical disability. Currently, no disease-modifying drugs exist for the treatment of OA. Most OA research has been conducted on knee OA and we have limited knowledge about disease mechanisms in hand OA. During her research career, Ida K Haugen (IKH) has focused on the epidemiology of hand OA and imaging techniques. She has established a large international network, providing the opportunity to study the epidemiology of hand OA in large international OA cohorts...
August 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Rheumatology
Iwona Sudoł-Szopińska, Elżbieta Grochowska, Piotr Gietka, Mateusz Płaza, Grzegorz Pracoń, Fadhil Saied, Marta Walentowska-Janowicz
Juvenile idiopathic arthritis is the most common autoimmune systemic disease of the connective tissue affecting individuals in the developmental age. Radiography, which was described in the first part of this publication, is the standard modality in the assessment of this condition. Ultrasound and magnetic resonance imaging enable early detection of the disease which affects soft tissues, as well as bones. Ultrasound assessment involves: joint cavities, tendon sheaths and bursae for the presence of synovitis, intraand extraarticular fat tissue to visualize signs of inflammation, hyaline cartilage, cartilaginous epiphysis and subchondral bone to detect cysts and erosions, and ligaments, tendons and their entheses for signs of enthesopathies and tendinopathies...
September 2016: Journal of Ultrasonography
Aneela N Mian, Khaldoun Chaabo, Julekha Wajed, Sujith Subesinghe, Nicola J Gullick, Bruce Kirkham, Toby Garrood
BACKGROUND: In patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) clinical measures of disease activity may not reliably discriminate between patients with active inflammatory disease and those with concomitant fibromyalgia (FM). Recent work has shown RA patients with a 28 tender joint count (TJC) minus swollen joint count (SJC) of 7 or more (joint count criteria) are more likely to meet classification criteria for FM. This study aimed to determine whether RA patients meeting clinical criteria for FM had lower levels of joint inflammation as determined by ultrasound (US)...
2016: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
Sarah Stewart, Nicola Dalbeth, Alain C Vandal, Bruce Allen, Rhian Miranda, Keith Rome
OBJECTIVE: The first metatarsophalangeal joint (1MTPJ) is frequently affected in gout. The aim of this study was to identity ultrasound features of the 1MTPJ in people with gout and people with asymptomatic hyperuricaemia compared with normouricaemic controls. METHODS: Participants with gout (n=23), asymptomatic hyperuricaemia (n=29) and age- and sex-matched normouricaemic control participants (n=34) underwent a grey-scale and power Doppler ultrasound assessment of bilateral 1MTPJs by a single musculoskeletal radiologist...
September 16, 2016: Arthritis Care & Research
Luana Mancarella, Olga Addimanda, Carlotta Cavallari, Riccardo Meliconi
BACKGROUND: Ultrasound is one of the most promising candidates for detection of inflammation and structural damage in hand osteoarthritis. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate new advances of US as a diagnostic and prognostic tool in hand osteoarthritis assessment. METHODS: We conducted a Medline on PubMed search for articles about "ultrasonography" and "hand OA" published between January 2012 and 15th April 2016, limiting our search to articles on human adults in English, excluding those involving inflammatory diseases, visualization of joints other than hands, ultrasound guided injections and surgical procedures...
September 9, 2016: Current Rheumatology Reviews
C Fiehn, K Krüger
Rheumatoid arthritis is the most common inflammatory rheumatic disease. Due to the destruction of joints in the course of the disease it leads to significant morbidity in affected patients. The quality of life and even life expectancy can be severely impaired. Early diagnosis and early initiation of treatment is a decisive step towards a more benign course of the disease. New classification criteria have been published in order to help in early diagnosis. Methods of imaging, such as ultrasound and magnetic resonance imaging help in the detection of synovitis, which is the major pathomorphological manifestation of arthritis and should be identified without any doubt...
September 8, 2016: Der Internist
Aníbal Ruiz-Curiel, María Dolores Díaz-Barreda, Marta González-Rodríguez, Teresa Martín-Delgado, Adriana Medrano-Antoñazas, Raquel Muñoz-González, Silvia Perales-Torres, Javier Sánchez-Montero, Iustina Janta, Juan Carlos Nieto, Luis Collado-Yurrita, Francisco Javier López-Longo, Esperanza Naredo
AIM: The objective of this study was to evaluate whether musculoskeletal (MS) ultrasound (US) can be useful in helping medical students to detect joint inflammation through physical examination. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study was performed by two groups of four 6th year medical students. None had received any previous training in the clinical examination of joints or the use of ultrasound. Students were put through a 5-session training programme on the clinical detection of either knee [group 1] or metacarpophalangeal (MCP) [group 2] inflammation...
September 2016: Medical Ultrasonography
Shin-Ya Kawashiri, Ayako Nishino, Toshimasa Shimizu, Masataka Umeda, Shoichi Fukui, Yoshikazu Nakashima, Takahisa Suzuki, Tomohiro Koga, Naoki Iwamoto, Kunihiro Ichinose, Mami Tamai, Hideki Nakamura, Tomoki Origuchi, Kiyoshi Aoyagi, Atsushi Kawakami
OBJECTIVE: We evaluated whether the early responsiveness of ultrasound synovitis can predict the clinical response in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients treated with biologic disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs (bDMARDs). METHODS: Articular synovitis was assessed by ultrasound at 22 bilateral wrist and finger joints in 39 RA patients treated with bDMARDs. Each joint was assigned a gray-scale (GS) and power Doppler (PD) score from 0 to 3, and the sum of the GS or PD scores was considered to represent the ultrasound disease activity...
September 1, 2016: Modern Rheumatology
Shuqiang Chen, Qing Zheng, Hui Liu, Jinshu Zeng, Zhen Ye, Yiming Su, Guorong Lv
OBJECTIVES: Progress in developing novel rational treatments for rheumatoid arthritis (RA) critically depends on preclinical work in experimental animals. However, there is lack of insight into the most appropriate mode of noninvasive measurement of disease status in experimental RA. This study compared sonography with serum biomarkers in a rabbit model of RA. METHODS: Six-month-old male New Zealand White rabbits were randomized into 2 groups: antigen-induced arthritis group (n = 25), which was subjected to ovalbumin immunization and intra-articular injection; and control group (n = 5)...
October 2016: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
Ayako Hirata, Takehisa Ogura, Norihide Hayashi, Sayaka Takenaka, Hideki Ito, Kennosuke Mizushina, Yuki Fujisawa, Naoko Yamashita, Sumie Nakahashi, Munetsugu Imamura, Rie Kujime, Hideto Kameda
OBJECTIVE: Ultrasonography has been prevalently used as a valid and objective modality for joint examination in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). This study aimed to examine and compare the concordance between ultrasound, clinical, and patient-reported assessment of joint synovitis in RA. METHODS: Fifty patients with RA (84% female; median age, 69 years; disease duration, 2.6 years; disease activity score of 28 joints, 3.8) completed the self-evaluation of joint symptoms including pain and considerable stiffness in the (proximal) interphalangeal, metacarpophalangeal, wrist, elbow, shoulder, knee, and ankle joints...
August 26, 2016: Arthritis Care & Research
Qi Li, Keiko Amano, Thomas M Link, C Benjamin Ma
CONTEXT: Radiography is widely accepted as the gold standard for diagnosing osteoarthritis (OA), but it has limitations when assessing early stage OA and monitoring progression. While there are improvements in the treatment of OA, the challenge is early recognition. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: MEDLINE and PubMed as well as professional orthopaedic and imaging websites were reviewed from 2006 to 2016. STUDY DESIGN: Clinical review. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level 4...
September 2016: Sports Health
A Di Matteo, I Satulu, M Di Carlo, V Lato, E Filippucci, W Grassi
BACKGROUND: Musculoskeletal involvement is extremely common in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Continuing the research initiated in patients with inflammatory arthritis, recent studies have shown the potential role of musculoskeletal ultrasound (MSUS) in the evaluation of clinical and subclinical lupus synovitis. The inflammatory process in SLE is traditionally considered to be localized at synovial tissue areas while enthesis is not included among the possible targets of the disease...
August 5, 2016: Lupus
Iwona Sudoł-Szopińska, Grzegorz Pracoń
Plain radiography reveals specific, yet late changes of advanced psoriatic arthritis. Early inflammatory changes are seen both on magnetic resonance imaging and ultrasound within peripheral joints (arthritis, synovitis), tendons sheaths (tenosynovitis, tendovaginitis) and entheses (enthesitis, enthesopathy). In addition, magnetic resonance imaging enables the assessment of inflammatory features in the sacroiliac joints (sacroiliitis), and the spine (spondylitis). In this article, we review current opinions on the diagnostics of some selective, and distinctive features of psoriatic arthritis concerning magnetic resonance imaging and ultrasound and present some hypotheses on psoriatic arthritis etiopathogenesis, which have been studied with the use of magnetic resonance imaging...
June 2016: Journal of Ultrasonography
Matt Rheinboldt, Courtney Scher
Both gout and calcium pyrophosphate deposition disease are common metabolic arthopathies, presenting not only diagnostic but also management challenges. Though histological crystal aspiration is definitive, diagnosis is commonly established through a composite of clinical features and laboratory findings. Musculoskeletal ultrasound has a contributory and growing role not only in routine disease surveillance but also in helping render a timely and specific diagnosis for patients presenting with new-onset oligoarticular arthritis in the emergency setting...
July 20, 2016: Emergency Radiology
Joanna Zalewska, Małgorzata Węgierska, Tacjana Barczyńska, Marzena Waszczak, Paweł Żuchowski, Sławomir Jeka
OBJECTIVES: Hypertrophic and exudative synovitis of the knee is one of the earliest symptoms in rheumatic diseases. In the case of pharmacotherapy failure, other methods which directly remove the inflamed synovial membrane are used - synovectomies. Radiosynovectomy (RSV) is the radiopharmaceutical application of colloidal solution to joint cavities. In this study, the authors assessed the efficacy of knee radiosynovectomy with yttrium-90 (Y-90) in several groups of patients divided into certain rheumatic diseases...
2016: Reumatologia
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"