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Epinephrine in out of hospital arrest

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185923/factors-associated-with-the-outcome-of-out-of-hospital-cardiopulmonary-arrest-among-people-over-80-years-old-in-japan
#1
Takashi Nagata, Takeru Abe, Manabu Hasegawa, Akihito Hagihara
AIM: To determine if termination of resuscitation should be considered for older individuals, we sought to identify factors associated with clinical outcome following out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) in people ≥80 years old and over. METHODS: A prospective, population-based, observational study was conducted for ≥80-year-old individuals who experienced out-of-hospital cardiac arrest and to whom resuscitation was provided by emergency responders between January 1, 2005 and December 31, 2012 (n=377,577)...
February 6, 2017: Resuscitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102532/time-to-epinephrine-in-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest-a-retrospective-analysis-of-intraosseous-versus-intravenous-access
#2
Elliot M Ross, Julian Mapp, Chetan Kharod, David A Wampler, Christopher Velasquez, David A Miramontes
INTRODUCTION: The 2015 advanced cardiac life support update continues to advocate administering epinephrine during cardiac arrest. The goal of our study is to determine if prehospital intraosseous (IO) access results in shorter time to epinephrine than prehospital peripheral intravenous (PIV) access. METHODS: The out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) database of a large, urban, fire-based emergency medical services system was searched for consecutive cases of OHCA between January 2013 and December 2015...
April 2016: American Journal of Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087097/quick-epinephrine-administration-induces-favorable-neurological-outcomes-in-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest-patients
#3
H Ueta, H Tanaka, S Tanaka, R Sagisaka, H Takyu
OBJECTIVE: This research is to study if quick administration of adrenaline on OHCA prior to hospitalization has an effect on improving CPC1-2 at one month. METHODOLOGY: A total 13,326 cases were extracted from 2011 to 2014 Utstein data for this retrospective cohort study, also, EMT reached the patients within 16min after 119 called and adrenaline was then administered within 22min of after contact. PATIENTS DIVIDED INTO TWO GROUPS: Patients were contacted within 8min of the 119 call (n=6956), and were contacted between 8 and 16min after the call (n=6370)...
January 3, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942569/data-for-outcomes-of-acute-hospital-administration-of-amiodarone-and-or-lidocaine-in-shockable-patients-presenting-with-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest
#4
Chien-Hua Huang, Ping-Hsun Yu, Min-Shan Tsai, Po-Ya Chuang, Tzung-Dau Wang, Chih-Yen Chiang, Wei-Tien Chang, Matthew Huei-Ming Ma, Chao-Hsiun Tang, Wen-Jone Chen
The data presented in this article are related to the research article entitled "Acute Hospital Administration of Amiodarone and/or Lidocaine in Shockable Patients Presenting with Out-of-hospital Cardiac Arrest: A Nationwide Cohort Study" (C.H. Huang, P.H. Yu, M.S. Tsai et al., 2016) [1]. The data contains the information of co-morbidities coding from ICD-9 CM codes and specific difference in requirement between medical centers and non-medical centers in resuscitation. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis for factors related to the outcome of survival to ICU admission and survival to hospital discharge are included in the data set...
February 2017: Data in Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27771299/sodium-nitroprusside-enhanced-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-improves-short-term-survival-in-a-porcine-model-of-ischemic-refractory-ventricular-fibrillation
#5
Demetris Yannopoulos, Jason A Bartos, Stephen A George, George Sideris, Sebastian Voicu, Brett Oestreich, Timothy Matsuura, Kadambari Shekar, Jennifer Rees, Tom P Aufderheide
INTRODUCTION: Sodium nitroprusside (SNP) enhanced CPR (SNPeCPR) demonstrates increased vital organ blood flow and survival in multiple porcine models. We developed a new, coronary occlusion/ischemia model of prolonged resuscitation, mimicking the majority of out-of-hospital cardiac arrests presenting with shockable rhythms. HYPOTHESIS: SNPeCPR will increase short term (4-h) survival compared to standard 2015 Advanced Cardiac Life Support (ACLS) guidelines in an ischemic refractory ventricular fibrillation (VF), prolonged CPR model...
January 2017: Resuscitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27679965/pediatric-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest-characteristics-and-their-association-with-survival-and-neurobehavioral-outcome
#6
Kathleen L Meert, Russell Telford, Richard Holubkov, Beth S Slomine, James R Christensen, J Michael Dean, Frank W Moler
OBJECTIVE: To investigate relationships between cardiac arrest characteristics and survival and neurobehavioral outcome among children recruited to the Therapeutic Hypothermia after Pediatric Cardiac Arrest Out-of-Hospital trial. DESIGN: Secondary analysis of Therapeutic Hypothermia after Pediatric Cardiac Arrest Out-of-Hospital trial data. SETTING: Thirty-six PICUs in the United States and Canada. PATIENTS: All children (n = 295) had chest compressions for greater than or equal to 2 minutes, were comatose, and required mechanical ventilation after return of circulation...
December 2016: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27618681/early-identification-of-patients-with-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest-with-no-chance-of-survival-and-consideration-for-organ-donation
#7
Patricia Jabre, Wulfran Bougouin, Florence Dumas, Pierre Carli, Corinne Antoine, Laurent Jacob, Benjamin Dahan, Frankie Beganton, Jean-Philippe Empana, Eloi Marijon, Nicole Karam, Alexandre Loupy, Carmen Lefaucheur, Daniel Jost, Alain Cariou, Frédéric Adnet, Thomas D Rea, Xavier Jouven
Background: In patients with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA), care requirements can conflict with the need to promptly focus efforts on organ donation in patients who are pronounced dead. Objective: To evaluate objective criteria for identifying patients with OHCA with no chance of survival during the first minutes of cardiopulmonary resuscitation to enable prompt orientation toward organ donation. Design: Retrospective assessment using OHCA data from 2 registries and 1 trial...
December 6, 2016: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27613359/favorable-neurological-outcomes-by-early-epinephrine-administration-within-19-minutes-after-ems-call-for-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest-patients
#8
H Tanaka, H Takyu, R Sagisaka, H Ueta, Toru Shirakawa, Tomoya Kinoshi, Hiroyuki Takahashi, Takashi Nakagawa, Syuji Shimazaki, M Ong Eng Hock
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the time-independent effect of the early administration of epinephrine (EPI) on favorable neurological outcome (as CPC [cerebral performance category] 1-2) at 1 month in patients with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 119 639 witnessed cardiac arrest patients from 2008 to 2012 were eligible for this nationwide, prospective, population-based observational study. Patients were divided into EPI group (n = 20 420) and non-EPI group (n = 99 219)...
December 2016: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27484224/endothelial-dysfunction-in-resuscitated-cardiac-arrest-endo-rca-safety-and-efficacy-of-low-dose-prostacyclin-administration-and-blood-pressure-target-in-addition-to-standard-therapy-as-compared-to-standard-therapy-alone-in-post-cardiac-arrest-syndrome-patients
#9
Anna Sina P Meyer, Sisse R Ostrowski, Jesper Kjaergaard, Pär I Johansson, Christian Hassager
BACKGROUND: Morbidity and mortality following initial survival of cardiac arrest remain high despite great efforts to improve resuscitation techniques and post-resuscitation care, in part due to the ischemia-reperfusion injury secondary to the restoration of the blood circulation. Patients resuscitated from cardiac arrest display evidence of endothelial injury and coagulopathy (hypocoagulability, hyperfibrinolysis), which in associated with poor outcome. Recent randomized controlled trials have revealed that treatment with infusion of prostacyclin reduces endothelial damage after major surgery and AMI...
August 2, 2016: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27411936/effect-of-prehospital-epinephrine-on-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest-a-report-from-the-national-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest-data-registry-in-japan-2011-2012
#10
Tatsuma Fukuda, Naoko Ohashi-Fukuda, Takehiro Matsubara, Masataka Gunshin, Yutaka Kondo, Naoki Yahagi
PURPOSE: The effect of prehospital epinephrine on neurological outcome in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) is still controversial. We sought to determine whether prehospital epinephrine administration was associated with improved outcomes in adult OHCA. METHODS: A nationwide, population-based, propensity score-matched study of OHCA patients from January 1, 2011, to December 31, 2012, in Japan was conducted. We included adult OHCA patients treated by emergency medical service personnel without an excessive delay...
October 2016: European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27362855/targeted-temperature-management-after-pediatric-cardiac-arrest-due-to-drowning-outcomes-and-complications
#11
Frank W Moler, Jamie S Hutchison, Vinay M Nadkarni, Faye S Silverstein, Kathleen L Meert, Richard Holubkov, Kent Page, Beth S Slomine, James R Christensen, J Michael Dean
OBJECTIVE: To describe outcomes and complications in the drowning subgroup from the Therapeutic Hypothermia After Pediatric Cardiac Arrest Out-of-Hospital trial. DESIGN: Exploratory post hoc cohort analysis. SETTING: Twenty-four PICUs. PATIENTS: Pediatric drowning cases. INTERVENTIONS: Therapeutic hypothermia versus therapeutic normothermia. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: An exploratory study of pediatric drowning from the Therapeutic Hypothermia After Pediatric Cardiac Arrest Out-of-Hospital trial was conducted...
August 2016: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27224446/impaired-biological-response-to-aspirin-in-therapeutic-hypothermia-comatose-patients-resuscitated-from-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest
#12
Jean-François Llitjos, Georgios Sideris, Sebastian Voicu, Claire Bal Dit Sollier, Nicolas Deye, Bruno Megarbane, Ludovic Drouet, Patrick Henry, Jean-Guillaume Dillinger
AIM OF THE STUDY: Acute coronary syndrome is one of the main causes of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA). OHCA patients are particularly exposed to high platelet reactivity (HPR) under aspirin (ASA) treatment. The aim was to evaluate HPR-ASA in therapeutic hypothermia comatose patients resuscitated from OHCA. METHODS AND RESULTS: Twenty-two consecutive patients with OHCA of cardiac origin were prospectively included after therapeutic hypothermia and randomized to receive ASA 100mg per day, either intravenously (n=13) or orally via a gastric tube (n=9)...
August 2016: Resuscitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27131438/emergency-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-in-post-cardiac-arrest-patients-without-st-segment-elevation%C3%A2-pattern-insights-from-the-procat-ii-registry
#13
Florence Dumas, Wulfran Bougouin, Guillaume Geri, Lionel Lamhaut, Julien Rosencher, Frédéric Pène, Jean-Daniel Chiche, Olivier Varenne, Pierre Carli, Xavier Jouven, Jean-Paul Mira, Christian Spaulding, Alain Cariou
OBJECTIVES: In a large cohort of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) patients without ST-segment elevation (STE), the study assessed the relationship between the use of an early invasive strategy and patient outcome. BACKGROUND: Emergent coronary angiogram (CAG) and reperfusion are currently a standard of care in patients resuscitated from an OHCA with ST-segment elevation (STE). However, using a similar invasive strategy is still debated in patients without STE...
May 23, 2016: JACC. Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27099380/bet-2-usefulness-of-epinephrine-in-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest
#14
REVIEW
Megan E Evans, Todd Chassee
A short-cut review was carried out to establish whether prehospital adrenaline affects long-term morbidity or mortality after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest. Fifty-five papers were found using the reported search. Of these, three presented the best evidence to answer the clinical question. The author, date and country of publication, patient group studied, study type, relevant outcomes, results and study weaknesses of these best papers are tabulated. It is concluded that while epinephrine used as an adjunctive treatment during out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) may improve return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC) and survival to hospital, it does not improve survival to discharge or neurological outcome...
May 2016: Emergency Medicine Journal: EMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27077941/double-sequential-external-defibrillation-and-survival-from-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest-a-case-report
#15
Martin Johnston, Sheldon Cheskes, Garry Ross, P Richard Verbeek
BACKGROUND: Patients who present in ventricular fibrillation are typically treated with cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR), epinephrine, antiarrhythmic medications, and defibrillation. Although these therapies have shown to be effective, some patients remain in a shockable rhythm. Double sequential external defibrillation has been described as a viable option for patients in refractory ventricular fibrillation. OBJECTIVE: To describe the innovative use of two defibrillators used to deliver double sequential external defibrillation by paramedics in a case of refractory ventricular fibrillation resulting in prehospital return of spontaneous circulation and survival to hospital discharge with good neurologic function...
September 2016: Prehospital Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27057834/epidemiology-risk-factors-and-outcomes-of-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest-caused-by-stroke-a-population-based-study
#16
Tatsuma Fukuda, Naoko Ohashi-Fukuda, Yutaka Kondo, Toshiki Sera, Kent Doi, Naoki Yahagi
Limited information is available regarding stroke-related out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA). We aimed to assess the clinical characteristics of stroke-related OHCA and to identify the factors associated with patient outcomes.We conducted a nationwide population-based study of adult OHCA patients in Japan from January 1, 2006 to December 31, 2009. We examined the epidemiology, risk factors, and outcomes of stroke-related OHCA compared with cardiogenic OHCA. The primary outcome was neurologically favorable survival...
April 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27015217/impact-of-different-initial-epinephrine-treatment-time-points-on-the-early-postresuscitative-hemodynamic-status-of-children-with-traumatic-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest
#17
MULTICENTER STUDY
Yan-Ren Lin, Yuan-Jhen Syue, Waradee Buddhakosai, Huai-En Lu, Chin-Fu Chang, Chih-Yu Chang, Cheng Hsu Chen, Wen-Liang Chen, Chao-Jui Li
The postresuscitative hemodynamic status of children with traumatic out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) might be impacted by the early administration of epinephrine, but this topic has not been well addressed. The aim of this study was to analyze the early postresuscitative hemodynamics, survival, and neurologic outcome according to different time points of first epinephrine treatment among children with traumatic OHCA.Information on 388 children who presented to the emergency departments of 3 medical centers and who were treated with epinephrine for traumatic OHCA during the study period (2003-2012) was retrospectively collected...
March 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26944563/association-of-initial-rhythm-with-neurologically-favorable-survival-in-non-shockable-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest-without-a-bystander-witness-or-bystander-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation
#18
Tatsuma Fukuda, Naoko Ohashi-Fukuda, Takehiro Matsubara, Kent Doi, Yoichi Kitsuta, Susumu Nakajima, Naoki Yahagi
BACKGROUND: Out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) has a predominantly non-shockable rhythm. Non-shockable rhythm, and the absence of a bystander witness or bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) are associated with poor outcomes. However, the association between the type of non-shockable rhythm and outcomes is not well known. OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between the initial rhythm and neurologically favorable outcomes after non-shockable OHCA without a bystander witness or bystander CPR...
May 2016: European Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26689353/cardiorespiratory-arrest-in-children-out-of-hospital
#19
Kristina Krmpotic, Hilary Writer
INTRODUCTION: Cardiorespiratory arrest outside hospital occurs in approximately 1/10,000 children per year in resource-rich countries, with two-thirds of arrests occurring in children under 18 months of age. Approximately 45% of cases have undetermined causes, including sudden infant death syndrome. Of the rest, 20% are caused by trauma, 10% by chronic disease, and 6% by pneumonia. METHODS AND OUTCOMES: We conducted a systematic overview, aiming to answer the following clinical question: What are the effects of treatments for non-submersion out-of-hospital cardiorespiratory arrest in children? We searched: Medline, Embase, The Cochrane Library, and other important databases up to November 2014 (Clinical Evidence overviews are updated periodically; please check our website for the most up-to-date version of this overview)...
2015: Clinical Evidence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26585517/prehospital-intravenous-epinephrine-may-boost-survival-of-patients-with-traumatic-cardiac-arrest-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#20
Wen-Chu Chiang, Shi-Yi Chen, Patrick Chow-In Ko, Ming-Ju Hsieh, Hui-Chih Wang, Edward Pei-Chuan Huang, Chih-Wei Yang, Kah-Meng Chong, Wei-Ting Chen, Shey-Ying Chen, Matthew Huei-Ming Ma
BACKGROUND: Prehospital resuscitation for patients with major trauma emphasizes a load-and-go principle. For traumatic cardiac arrest (TCA) patients, the administration of vasopressors remains under debate. This study evaluated the effectiveness of epinephrine in the prehospital setting for patients with TCA. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study using a prospectively collected registry for out-of-hospital cardiac arrest in Taipei. Enrollees were ≥18 years of age with TCA...
2015: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine
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