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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910466/surgical-instrument-sets-for-special-operations-expeditionary-surgical-teams
#1
Diane F Hale, Justin C Sexton, Linda C Benavides, Jerry M Benavides, Jonathan B Lundy
BACKGROUND: The deployment of surgical assets has been driven by mission demands throughout years of military operations in Iraq and Afghanistan. The transition to the highly expeditious Golden Hour Offset Surgical Transport Team (GHOST- T) now offers highly mobile surgical assets in nontraditional operating rooms; the content of the surgical instrument sets has also transformed to accommodate this change. METHODS: The 102nd Forward Surgical Team (FST) was attached to Special Operations assigned to southern Afghanistan from June 2015 to March 2016...
2017: Journal of Special Operations Medicine: a Peer Reviewed Journal for SOF Medical Professionals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885971/fatal-and-non-fatal-electrocution-injuries-at-u-s-marine-corps-forward-medical-facilities-during-operation-enduring-freedom-and-operation-iraqi-freedom
#2
Bradley Williams, Travis Deaton, Mike Galarneau, Judy Dye, Tara Zieber, Jonathan Auten
INTRODUCTION: Death from electrocution is rare and generally an accidental occurrence. In contrast to civilian patterns of electrocution injury, the military work environment suffers from a greater percentage of fatal high-voltage electrocutions. This study compared U.S. and international electrocution case fatality rates to rates among deployed military personnel presenting for care at expeditionary medical care facilities. We also sought to identify potential risk factors for fatal electrocution injury among deployed military personnel...
September 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885970/essential-medications-for-patients-with-suspected-or-confirmed-ebola-virus-disease-in-resource-limited-environments
#3
William F Pierce, Selena D Ready, John Tyson Chapman, Corrinne Kulick, Anastasia Shields, Jialynn Wang, Kimberly Andrews, Richard W Childs, Carlos Bell, Alexandr Kosyak, Jade Pham
BACKGROUND: In 2014, the U.S. Public Health Service (USPHS) Commissioned Corps deployed to Monrovia, Liberia, to operate a 25-bed Ebola treatment unit (ETU) constructed by the U.S. Military. The ETU was named the Monrovia Medical Unit (MMU) and was constructed from an U.S. Air Force Expeditionary Medical Support (EMEDS) unit with modifications on the basis of consultation from Médecins Sans Frontières, the World Health Organization, and expert panels from the U.S. Department of Defense and Department of Health and Human Services...
September 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744827/mortality-and-morbidity-from-infectious-disease-in-the-egyptian-expeditionary-force-1916-1918
#4
Roger W Byard
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 25, 2017: Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28703148/the-first-dentists-sent-to-the-western-front-during-the-first-world-war
#5
F S S Gray
At the outbreak of the First World War there was insufficient dental provision for serving military personnel. No army dental specialists were available overseas when the troops joined the British Expeditionary Force (BEF). However, the pain of toothache together with the ensuing limited mastication was debilitating and demoralising for the British soldiers. The result was that men were being withdrawn from the front for treatment at base hospitals. This was limited to extractions by medical officers, which frequently incurred unnecessary loss of dentition when restorative work would have been preferable...
June 9, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675101/tympanoplasty-following-blast-injury
#6
Matthew Keller, Ryan Sload, Justin Wilson, Howard Greene, Peggy Han, Sean Wise
Objectives To assess outcomes following tympanoplasty for blast-induced tympanic membrane perforations in a military population. Study Design Case series with chart review. Setting Tertiary care medical centers. Subjects and Methods Military personnel (N = 254) undergoing tympanoplasty for blast-related tympanic membrane perforations sustained between April 2005 and July 2014 were identified from the Expeditionary Medical Encounter Database. Descriptive statistics were obtained regarding demographics, primary and revision surgery success rates, hearing status pre- and postsurgery, and frequency of ossicular reconstruction...
June 1, 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599038/albumin-for-prehospital-fluid-resuscitation-of-hemorrhagic-shock-in-tactical-combat-casualty-care
#7
Nicholas M Studer, Michael D April, F Bowling, Paul D Danielson, Andrew P Cap
Optimal fluid resuscitation on the battlefield in the absence of blood products remains unclear. Contemporary Combat medics are generally limited to hydroxyethyl starch or crystalloid solutions, both of which present significant drawbacks. Obtaining US Food and Drug Administration (FDA)-approved freeze-dried plasma (FDP) is a top casualty care research priority for the US Military. Interest in this agent reflects a desire to simultaneously expand intravascular volume and address coagulopathy. The history of FDP dates to the Second World War, when American expeditionary forces used this agent frequently...
December 0: Journal of Special Operations Medicine: a Peer Reviewed Journal for SOF Medical Professionals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573911/framing-the-transit-expeditionary-culture-and-identities-in-lieutenant-e-j-w-noble-s-caricatures-of-the-1874-transit-of-venus-expedition-to-honolulu
#8
Rebekah Higgitt
Making use of a source previously unknown to historians, this article sheds new light on the British expedition to the Sandwich Islands to observe the 1874 transit of Venus. This source, a series of caricature drawings that follow the expedition from departure to return, gives insight into expeditionary culture and the experience of a previously unremarked member of this astronomical expedition, Evelyn J.W. Noble, a career officer of the Royal Marine Artillery. It also reveals overlapping military, scientific and masculine identities, developed in dialogue with, and often deliberately subverting, more public accounts...
July 2017: Annals of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394694/the-death-of-sir-victor-horsley-1857-1916-and-his-burial-in-amarah
#9
Nadeem Toodayan
Sir Victor Alexander Haden Horsley (1857-1916), the pioneering British neurological surgeon, passed away 100 years ago. He died young in his sixtieth year from the effects of heat stroke while serving as consulting military surgeon to the Mediterranean Expeditionary Force in Amarah, modern-day Iraq, and was buried in the now largely abandoned "Amara War Cemetery." By the time of his death in 1916, Victor Horsley had established himself as one of the most eminent innovators of modern neurological surgery. His pioneering researches in cerebral physiology earned him an early reputation in the field, and his experiences with vivisection allowed him to confidently operate on the brain and spinal cord at a time when surgical intervention of the nervous system was fraught with uncertainty...
July 2017: Journal of the History of the Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333831/deployed-skills-training-for-whole-blood-collection-by-a-special-operations-expeditionary-surgical-team
#10
Linda C Benavides, Iain M Smith, Jerome M Benavides, Douglas M Bowley, Heidi A Doughty, Jonathan B Lundy
BACKGROUND: Noncompressible hemorrhage is the leading cause of potentially preventable battlefield death. Combining casualty retrieval from the battlefield and damage control resuscitation (DCR) within the "golden hour" increases survival. However, transfusion requirements may exceed the current blood component stocks held by forward surgical teams. Warm fresh whole blood (WFWB) is an alternative. We report WFWB transfusion training developed by and delivered to a US Golden Hour Offset Surgical Treatment Team and the resulting improvement in confidence with WFWB transfusion...
June 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291492/telesurgery-with-miniature-robots-to-leverage-surgical-expertise-in-distributed-expeditionary-environments
#11
Mark Reichenbach, Tom Frederick, Lou Cubrich, Walter Bircher, Nathan Bills, Marsha Morien, Shane Farritor, Dmitry Oleynikov
This study aimed to evaluate the capability of performing telesurgery via radio transmission for military arenas where wired internet connections may not be practical. Most existing robotic surgery systems are too large to effectively deploy with first responders. The miniature surgical platform in this study consists of a multifunctional robot suite that can fit easily into a briefcase. METHODS: The focus of this study is to explore the implications of radio control of the robot. The hypothesis is that an in vivo robot and its control boards can be controlled using off-the-shelf wireless components...
March 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849507/deployment-of-the-1st-area-medical-laboratory-in-a-split-based-configuration-during-the-largest-ebola-outbreak-in-history
#12
Anthony P Cardile, Christopher T Littell, Michael G Backlund, Richard A Heipertz, Jerod A Brammer, Sean M Palmer, Todd J Vento, Felix A Ortiz, William R Rosa, Michael J Major, Patrick M Garman
BACKGROUND: The U.S. Army 1(st) Area Medical Laboratory (1(st) AML) is currently the only deployable medical CBRNE (Chemical, Biological, Radiological, Nuclear, and Explosives) laboratory in the Army's Forces Command. In support of the United States Agency for International Development Ebola response, the U.S. military initiated Operation United Assistance (OUA), and deployed approximately 2,500 service members to support the Government of Liberia's Ebola control efforts. Due to its unique molecular diagnostic and expeditionary capabilities, the 1(st) AML was ordered to deploy in October of 2014 in support of OUA via establishment of Ebola testing laboratories...
November 2016: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849466/descriptive-characteristics-and-amputation-rates-with-use-of-intrepid-dynamic-exoskeleton-orthosis
#13
Owen Hill, Lakmini Bulathsinhala, Susan L Eskridge, Kimberly Quinn, Daniel J Stinner
Advancements in ankle-foot orthotic devices, such as the Intrepid Dynamic Exoskeletal Orthosis (IDEO), are designed to improve function and reduce pain of the injured lower extremity. There is a paucity of research detailing the demographics, injury patterns and amputation outcomes of patients who have been prescribed an IDEO. The purpose of this study was to describe the demographics, presenting diagnosis and patterns of amputation in patients prescribed an IDEO at the Center for the Intrepid (CFI). The study population was comprised of 624 service members who were treated at the CFI and prescribed an IDEO between 2009 and 2014...
November 2016: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27734452/a-case-of-prehospital-traumatic-arrest-in-a-us-special-operations-soldier-care-from-point-of-injury-to-full-recovery
#14
Myles R McKenzie, Ernest W Parrish, Ethan A Miles, James C Spradling, Lanny F Littlejohn, Mark D Quinlan, George A Barbee, David R King
During an assault on an extremely remote target, a US Special Operations Soldier sustained multiple gunshot and fragmentation wounds to the thorax, resulting in a traumatic arrest and subsequent survival. His care, including care under fire, tactical field care, tactical evacuation care, and Role III, IV, and V care, is presented. The case is used to illustrate the complex dynamics of Special Operations care on the modern battlefield and the exceptional outcomes possible when evidence-based medicine is taken to the warfighter with effective, farforward, expeditionary medical-force projection...
2016: Journal of Special Operations Medicine: a Peer Reviewed Journal for SOF Medical Professionals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27237067/richard-byrd-technological-explorer-polar-exploration-the-machine-and-heroic-masculinity-in-interwar-america
#15
Marionne Cronin
In May 1926, U.S. newspapers were full of the story that Richard Byrd, an American aviator, had become the first person to reach the North Pole by air. The announcement triggered patriotic outpourings across the country and Byrd was widely hailed as a national hero. The young aviator's flight was part of a burgeoning interwar expeditionary practice that placed machines at the heart of new modes of exploration. This development, however, challenged preexisting notions of masculine heroism and threatened to undercut the explorer's heroic status...
April 2016: Technology and Culture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27164741/oral-health-of-new-zealand-service-personnel-in-ww1
#16
J M Broadbent, J K Singh, N S Masri, D C Tong, W J Duncan
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: During the First World War, 10% of New Zealand's population served in the armed forces, and around one in five of those were killed. In commemoration of 100 years since WW1, this study uses retrospective data to report on the oral health of NZ service personnel. METHODS: 325 Pākehā, 165 Māori and 150 Samoan male recruits who served in the NZ Expeditionary Force between 1914 and 1918 were randomly selected and their personnel files accessed through Archives New Zealand...
March 2016: New Zealand Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26913887/william-osler-and-investigation-on-trench-nephritis
#17
Miroslaw J Smogorzewski
The first alarming reports about a new disease called "trench nephritis" affecting soldiers of the British Expeditionary Forces in Flanders appeared in British medical press in 1915th. Soon, the Medical Research Council initiated a special research investigation on trench nephritis at St. Bartholomews Hospital and the results of these studies were discussed during the Royal Society of Medicine meeting in February 1916. William Osler was invited as one of the four main speakers for this presentation. He had lived in England since 1906 and served as the Regius Professor of Medicine at Oxford...
February 2016: Giornale Italiano di Nefrologia: Organo Ufficiale Della Società Italiana di Nefrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26722185/john-m-t-finney-distinguished-surgeon-and-oslerphile
#18
Marvin J Stone
John Finney (1863-1942) was born near Natchez, Mississippi. After receiving his medical degree from Harvard, he interned at Massachusetts General Hospital and then went to Baltimore to become one of the first interns at the new Johns Hopkins Hospital. He met William Osler the day the hospital opened and became a lifelong admirer of "the Chief." Finney specialized in gastrointestinal surgery and was recognized for his expertise in the field. Osler recommended Finney to a physician colleague, writing, "You could not be in better hands…...
January 2016: Proceedings of the Baylor University Medical Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26595290/motivation-internalization-and-simplex-structure-in-self-determination-theory
#19
Ali Ünlü, Ulrich Dettweiler
Self-determination theory, as proposed by Deci and Ryan, postulated different types of motivation regulation. As to the introjected and identified regulation of extrinsic motivation, their internalizations were described as "somewhat external" and "somewhat internal" and remained undetermined in the theory. This paper introduces a constrained regression analysis that allows these vaguely expressed motivations to be estimated in an "optimal" manner, in any given empirical context. The approach was even generalized and applied for simplex structure analysis in self-determination theory...
December 2015: Psychological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26546737/cross-protection-between-the-first-and-second-waves-of-the-1918-influenza-pandemic-among-soldiers-of-the-canadian-expeditionary-force-cef-in-ontario
#20
Kandace Bogaert
OBJECTIVES: This research analyses morbidity and mortality during the 1918 influenza pandemic among Ontario soldiers in the Canadian Expeditionary Force (CEF). This paper asks: did exposure to influenza during the first wave confer protection against illness and death during the second wave of the pandemic? METHODS: Pneumonia and influenza (P&I) cases and deaths among Ontario soldiers were transcribed from the 1918 Admission and Discharge books for the CEF. Following the methods of Barry et al...
December 16, 2015: Vaccine
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