keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Fetal intervention

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457204/prevention-and-management-of-childhood-obesity
#1
Aashima Dabas, Anju Seth
Childhood obesity has been recognized as a global pandemic. Preventive strategies have proven to be the most effective public health intervention in curbing this pandemic. A multi-component approach involving dietary modification and advocacy for a healthy lifestyle comprising of regular physical activity, minimizing screen time and behavioral interventions have been found beneficial in preventing obesity. A life-cycle approach has been recommended where preventive interventions go as far back as affecting maternal, fetal and early childhood nutrition and lifestyle...
February 19, 2018: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456678/association-between-dscr4-gene-methylation-in-plasma-in-early-pregnancy-and-down-s-syndrome
#2
Lingyu Hu, Changju Zhou
Down's syndrome (DS), a chromosomal abnormal genetic disease caused by a local or total copy of chromosome 21, leads to patients suffering from delayed body growth, special facies, mild to moderate mental retardation and other symptoms, seriously affecting the life of patients. The aim of the present study was to examine the association between Down's syndrome critical region 4 ( DSCR4 ) gene methylation in plasma in high-risk pregnant women with DS in early pregnancy (hereinafter referred to as pregnant women in early pregnancy) and DS, in order to screen new epigenetic markers for the clinical diagnosis of DS...
March 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454441/the-hemodynamic-effects-of-pregnancy-on-the-lower-extremity-venous-system
#3
REVIEW
James Taylor, Caitlin W Hicks, Jennifer A Heller
OBJECTIVE: Pregnancy has significant effects on the lower extremity venous system. Increasing venous pressure and blood volume, in combination with reduced flow rates within the deep veins, predisposes pregnant women to both primary and secondary chronic venous insufficiency (CVI). This review article highlights the specific physiologic and hemodynamic changes that occur during pregnancy and examines the nonpharmacologic, pharmacologic, and invasive interventions that are appropriate for both prophylaxis and treatment of CVI and venous thromboembolism (VTE)...
March 2018: Journal of Vascular Surgery. Venous and Lymphatic Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454359/change-in-practice-a-qualitative-exploration-of-midwives-and-doctors-views-about-the-introduction-of-stan-monitoring-in-an-australian-hospital
#4
M E Mayes, C Wilkinson, S Kuah, G Matthews, D Turnbull
BACKGROUND: The present study examines the introduction of an innovation in intrapartum foetal monitoring practice in Australia. ST-Analysis (STan) is a technology that adds information to conventional fetal monitoring (cardiotocography) during labour, with the aim of reducing unnecessary obstetric intervention. Adoption of this technology has been controversial amongst obstetricians and midwives, particularly as its use necessitates a more invasive means of monitoring (a scalp clip), compared to external monitoring from cardiotocography alone...
February 17, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454127/neurosurgery-on-a-pregnant-woman-with-post-mortem-fetal-extrusion-an-unusual-case-from-medieval-italy
#5
REVIEW
Alba Pasini, Vanessa Samantha Manzon, Xabier Gonzalez-Muro, Emanuela Gualdi-Russo
Trepanation is one of the most ancient and applied surgical treatments; several archaeologically documented cases are known, dated back from Prehistory to the Middle ages. This case study reports the anthropological analysis of the skeletal remains of a young medieval woman and a fetus (Imola, Italy). The fetal remains were laid between her pelvis and lower limbs. A perforating injury was observed to her frontal bone. After assessing biological profiles, we attempted to interpret the injury and to reconstruct possible circumstances of death...
February 14, 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450694/characteristics-of-women-with-mixed-mass-formation-after-evacuation-following-uterine-artery-chemoembolization-for-cesarean-scar-pregnancy
#6
Qiu-Lei Sun, Xiao-Hua Wu, Li Luo, De-Mei Ying, Ying Yang, Zheng-Qiong Chen
PURPOSE: To explore the efficacy of treatment for early cesarean scar pregnancy (CSP) and to evaluate the characteristics of women with subsequent mixed mass formation. METHODS: Women with CSP, who received UACE followed by evacuation, were retrospectively analyzed. Clinical/sonographic characteristics in patients with or without mixed mass formation were compared. RESULTS: From a total of 395 cases, 105 cases had a pregnancy residual with mixed mass formation...
February 15, 2018: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450662/preconception-counseling-for-adolescents-and-young-adults-with-diabetes-a-literature-review-of-the-past-10-years
#7
REVIEW
Frances Peterson-Burch, Hiba Abujaradeh, Nicole Charache, Andrea Fischl, Denise Charron-Prochownik
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Women with diabetes who have unplanned pregnancies and uncontrolled blood sugars are at a higher risk for maternal and fetal morbidities and mortalities. Preconception counseling (PC) has been shown to decrease the risks and improve health outcomes. From 2009 to 2017, the American Diabetes Association has recommended that preconception counseling be given at each clinic visit for all women with diabetes of childbearing age starting at puberty (prior to sexual debut)...
February 15, 2018: Current Diabetes Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447720/no-257-ultrasonographic-cervical-length-assessment-in-predicting-preterm-birth-in-singleton-pregnancies
#8
Kenneth Lim, Kimberly Butt, Joan M Crane
OBJECTIVES: To review (1) the use of ultrasonographic-derived cervical length measurement in predicting preterm birth and (2) interventions associated with a short cervical length. OUTCOMES: Reduction in rates of prematurity and/or better identification of those at risk, as well as possible prevention of unnecessary interventions. EVIDENCE: Published literature was retrieved through searches of PubMed and The Cochrane Library up to December 2009, using appropriate controlled vocabulary and key words (preterm labour, ultrasound, cervix, incompetent cervix, transvaginal, transperineal, cervical length, fibronectin)...
February 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445311/fetal-growth-restriction-in-rural-bangladesh-a-prospective-study
#9
Farzana Ferdous, Md Harunor Rashid, Enbo Ma, Rubhana Raqib, Hiromi Hamada, Yukiko Wagatsuma
Background: Fetal growth restriction (FGR) and low birth weight(LBW) are serious public health problems. In developing countries, the incidence of low birth weight is predominantly the result of FGR, and both low birth weight and FGR are associated with neonatal death and later growth and development. Fetal growth charts are important for assessing the size of the fetus during pregnancy. The aims of this study were to describe the fetal growth pattern of a population in rural Bangladesh where maternal undernutrition is prevalent and to compare the timing of FGR in that population with WHO and INTERGROWTH- 21st international reference values...
2018: Tropical Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444695/the-impact-of-manual-rotation-of-the-occiput-posterior-position-on-spontaneous-vaginal-delivery-rate-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-clinical-trial-rmos
#10
C Verhaeghe, E Parot-Schinkel, P E Bouet, S Madzou, F Biquard, P Gillard, P Descamps, G Legendre
BACKGROUND: The frequency of posterior presentations (occiput of the fetus towards the sacrum of the mother) in labor is approximately 20% and, of this, 5% remain posterior until the end of labor. These posterior presentations are associated with higher rates of cesarean section and instrumental delivery. Manual rotation of a posterior position in order to rotate the fetus to an anterior position has been proposed in order to reduce the rate of instrumental fetal delivery. No randomized study has compared the efficacy of this procedure to expectant management...
February 14, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444227/the-ross-konno-procedure-in-neonates-and-infants-less-than-3-months-of-age
#11
Eva Sames-Dolzer, Elisabeth Wickenhauser, Michaela Kreuzer, Peter Benedikt, Roland Gitter, Christoph Prandstetter, Gregor Gierlinger, Gerald Tulzer, Rudolf Mair
OBJECTIVES: Patients with severe left ventricular outflow tract obstruction often suffer from impaired left ventricular function, endocardial fibroelastosis and borderline-sized structures. The early Ross-Konno operation can offer complete repair due to outflow tract stenosis and enable the functional recovery and growth of small structures. METHODS: Between 2008 and March 2017, 44 early Ross-Konno procedures were performed at our centre. Thirty-five patients were neonates, and 9 were infants less than 3 months of age...
February 12, 2018: European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439623/aspirin-ameliorates-preeclampsia-induced-by-a-peroxisome-proliferator-activated-receptor-antagonist
#12
Chunhua Zhang, Yong Zhu, Yan Shen, Changting Zuo
Reduced expression of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ (PPARγ) in the placenta was found in women with severe preeclampsia. Aspirin is currently used as the only recommended intervention in pregnancies for prevention of preeclampsia. In this study, we aimed to investigate whether aspirin could attenuate PPARγ inhibitor (T0070907)-induced preeclampsia and its impact on expression of PPARγ. Sixty Sprague-Dawley rats were used and treated with different doses of aspirin (0, 1, and 1.5 mg/kg) in presence or absence of PPARγ antagonist, T0070907...
January 1, 2018: Reproductive Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29438655/short-term-neurodevelopmental-outcome-in-children-born-with-high-risk-congenital-lung-lesions
#13
Enrico Danzer, Casey Hoffman, Jo Ann D'Agostino, Matthew M Boelig, Marsha Gerdes, Judy C Bernbaum, Hannah Rosenthal, Lindsay N Waqar, Natalie E Rintoul, Lisa M Herkert, Michael J Kallan, William H Peranteau, Alan W Flake, N Scott Adzick, Holly L Hedrick
BACKGROUND: To evaluate neurodevelopmental outcome in high-risk congenital lung lesions (CLLs) survivors who underwent prenatal intervention or postnatal surgery within the first month of life. METHODS: Forty-five high-risk CLLs survivors underwent assessment using the Bayley Scales of Infant Development, 3rd Edition between 07/2004 and 12/2016. Scores were grouped as average, at-risk, and delayed based on standard deviation intervals. Correlations between outcome and risk factors were analyzed by Fisher's exact test or two-sided t-test as appropriate, with significant p-values <0...
February 10, 2018: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29437032/computerised-interpretation-of-the-fetal-heart-rate-during-labour-a-randomised-controlled-trial-infant
#14
Peter Brocklehurst, David Field, Keith Greene, Edmund Juszczak, Sara Kenyon, Louise Linsell, Chris Mabey, Mary Newburn, Rachel Plachcinski, Maria Quigley, Philip Steer, Liz Schroeder, Oliver Rivero-Arias
BACKGROUND: Continuous electronic fetal monitoring (EFM) in labour is widely used and computerised interpretation has the potential to increase its utility. OBJECTIVES: This trial aimed to find out whether or not the addition of decision support software to assist in the interpretation of the cardiotocograph (CTG) reduced the number of poor neonatal outcomes, and whether or not it was cost-effective. DESIGN: Two-arm individually randomised controlled trial...
February 2018: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436718/fetal-doppler-changes-one-week-after-endoscopic-equatorial-laser-for-twin-to-twin-transfusion-syndrome-a-longitudinal-study
#15
Nicola Persico, Francesco D'Ambrosi, Isabella Fabietti, Simona Boito, Elisa Aiello, Alessandro Bulfoni, Fabrizio Ciralli, Alessandra Kustermann, Fabio Mosca, Luigi Fedele
OBJECTIVE: To investigate sequential Doppler changes in donors and recipients before and one week after endoscopic laser for twin-to-twin transfusion syndrome (TTTS) and to examine factors that may be associated with such changes. METHODS: In TTTS pregnancies undergoing laser treatment, we examined fetal Doppler changes before and one week post-intervention. Intrauterine death rates and preoperative factors were analysed in relation to Doppler changes. RESULTS: Among 129 (85...
February 13, 2018: Prenatal Diagnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436717/early-hemodynamic-changes-after-fetal-aortic-stenosis-valvuloplasty-predict-biventricular-circulation-at-birth
#16
Aaron R Prosnitz, Monika Drogosz, Audrey C Marshall, Louise E Wilkins-Haug, Carol B Benson, Lynn A Sleeper, Wayne Tworetzky, Kevin G Friedman
OBJECTIVE: To describe the early hemodynamic changes after fetal aortic valvuloplasty (FAV) for evolving hypoplastic left heart syndrome due to mid-gestational aortic stenosis and to assess whether these early changes predict biventricular (BiV) circulation at neonatal discharge. METHOD: We retrospectively reviewed all technically successful FAV cases resulting in live birth between 2000 and 2015 (n=93, 45% BiV circulation at neonatal discharge). Paired testing methods were used to compare pre- and post-intervention measures of left ventricular hemodynamics...
February 13, 2018: Prenatal Diagnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436080/fetoscopic-laser-photocoagulation-for-twin-twin-transfusion-syndrome
#17
Haruhiko Sago, Keisuke Ishii, Rika Sugibayashi, Katsusuke Ozawa, Masahiro Sumie, Seiji Wada
The aim of this study was to review fetoscopic laser photocoagulation (FLP), which ablates placental vascular anastomoses to treat twin-twin transfusion syndrome (TTTS). A review of studies reporting on the procedures, outcomes, complications and nonconventional applications of FLP for TTTS was conducted. FLP has been established as the primary treatment for monochorionic twin pregnancy associated with TTTS at 16-26 weeks. FLP is the only therapy that directly addresses the underlying pathophysiology. The recent technique modification of FLP, referred to as the 'Solomon technique', induces selective coagulation to connect the anastomoses ablation sites and has been introduced to reduce residual anastomoses...
February 13, 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29432031/deferred-diagnosis-in-children-assessed-for-fetal-alcohol-spectrum-disorder
#18
Katherine Flannigan, Kamaldeep Gill, Jacqueline Pei, Gail Andrew, Hasu Rajani, Audrey McFarlane, Teresa O'Riordan, Brent Symes, Carmen Rasmussen
Early intervention for individuals with FASD is paramount, thus exploring factors that affect the diagnostic process is critical. This process can be complicated by challenges gathering background information, accurately evaluating higher-level cognitive skills across ages, and teasing apart the impact of life adversities from the effects of prenatal alcohol exposure. This study is a retrospective file review of 154 children (44% female; mean age 8.4 years, range 1.0 to 16.9) deferred at their first FASD assessment, and 51 (43% female; mean 9...
February 12, 2018: Applied Neuropsychology. Child
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422213/antenatal-glucocorticoids-magnesium-sulfate-and-mode-of-birth-in-preterm-fetal-small-for-gestational-age
#19
REVIEW
Joseph Y Ting, John C Kingdom, Prakesh S Shah
A diagnosis of fetal growth restriction and subsequent preterm birth is associated with increased risks of adverse perinatal and neurodevelopmental outcomes and potentially long-lasting effects to adulthood. Most such cases are associated with placental insufficiency and the fetal response to chronic intrauterine hypoxemia and nutrient deprivation leads to substantial physiological and metabolic adaptations. The management of such pregnancies, especially with respect to perinatal interventions and birth mode, remains an unresolved dilemma...
February 2018: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29417607/fetal-pulmonary-valve-stenosis-or-atresia-with-intact-ventricular-septum-predictors-of-need-for-neonatal-intervention
#20
Wang Qing, Wu Yu Rong, Jiao Xian Ting, Wu Peng Fei, Zhao Li Qing, Chen Sun, Sun Kun
OBJECTIVES: To compare the fetal echocardiographic measurements and neonatal outcome of fetuses with diagnosis of critical pulmonary stenosis (CPS/IVS) and pulmonary atresia with intact ventricular septum (PA/IVS) in order to identify the predictors of neonatal ductus dependence and the need for neonatal intervention. METHODS: 44 fetuses with a diagnosis of membranous PA/IVS or CPS/IVS referred to Shanghai Xinhua Hospital Affiliated to Shanghai Jiaotong University between June 2009 and November 2014 were respectively analyzed...
February 7, 2018: Prenatal Diagnosis
keyword
keyword
47192
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"