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Biochemical reference values

Kadry Sadek, Ebeed Saleh, Mousa Ayoub
Mastitis is positioned as the most vital ailment in dairy cows in light of conventional cost examinations. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the diagnostic value of different acute phase proteins (APPs), pro-inflammatory cytokines, and oxidative stress biomarkers in healthy cows and in those with clinical or subclinical mastitis and to localize APP gene expression in the milk of mastitic cows. Therefore, 20 subclinical mastitic cows with positive California Mastitis Test (CMT) results and no clinical signs of mastitis, 15 clinically mastitic cows, and 15 healthy cows with negative CMT results and somatic cell count (SCC) of <600,000 cells/mL were selected...
December 3, 2016: Tropical Animal Health and Production
Felix Dietlein, Carsten Kobe, Stephan Neubauer, Matthias Schmidt, Simone Stockter, Thomas Fischer, Klaus Schomäcker, Axel Heidenreich, Boris D Zlatopolskiy, Bernd Neumaier, Alexander Drzezga, Markus Dietlein
PURPOSE: Several studies outlined the sensitivity of (68)Ga-labeled PET tracers against the prostate-specific membrane antigen (PSMA) for localization of relapsed prostate cancer in patients with renewed increase in the prostate-specific antigen (PSA), commonly referred to as biochemical recurrence. Labeling of PSMA tracers with (18)F offers numerous advantages, including improved image resolution, longer half-life and increased production yields. The aim of this study was to assess the PSA-stratified performance of the (18)F-labeled PSMA tracer (18)F-DCFPyL and the (68)Ga-labeled reference (68)Ga-PSMA-HBED-CC...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Nuclear Medicine: Official Publication, Society of Nuclear Medicine
Jin-Ju Jeong, Dong Wan Lee, Byeonghyeok Park, Mee Kyung Sang, In-Geol Choi, Ki Deok Kim
The Gram-stain-negative, yellow-pigmented, rod-shaped bacterial strain GSE06T, isolated from the surface-sterilized root of a cucumber plant grown in a field in Gunsan, Korea, was characterized by not only cultural and morphological features but also physiological, biochemical, and molecular analyses. Phylogenetic analyses based on 16S rRNA gene sequences revealed that strain GSE06T was most related to species of the genus Chryseobacterium. Furthermore, strain GSE06T exhibited the highest sequence similarities with type strains of Chryseobacterium indologenes ATCC 29897T (98...
November 17, 2016: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
Karen Neoh, Simon Stanworth, Sant-Rayn Pasricha, Michael I Bennett
PURPOSE: Anaemia is a common complication of cancer causing symptoms including fatigue. It is also associated with shorter survival. Cancer causes systemic inflammation which interrupts iron metabolism leading to a functional iron deficiency (FID). There are few data on prevalence or aetiology of anaemia in those with advanced cancer. We aimed to establish the prevalence of anaemia and estimate extent of FID anaemia in patients with advanced cancer. METHODS: All patients with advanced cancer referred to two UK specialist palliative care services over 1 year were identified...
November 29, 2016: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
Silvia Martinez-Subiela, Luis Pardo-Marín, Fernando Tecles, Gad Baneth, Jose J Cerón
Monitoring of selected serum acute phase proteins like C-reactive protein (CRP) and ferritin could be useful for evaluation of the response to treatment in both naturally-occurring and experimentally-induced leishmaniosis. However studies until date have only been focused on dogs with an adequate response to the treatment and there is a lack of knowledge about the possible associations between the CRP and ferritin and the different clinicopathological conditions that can appear after treatment. Thus, the main objective of this retrospective study was to evaluate and compare the serum concentration of CRP and ferritin between three possible situations that dogs which undergo leishmaniosis treatment could have: responsive with total recovery, responsive with only clinical recovery but persistent abnormalities in biochemical analytes, and unresponsive with clinical and biochemical changes...
September 9, 2016: Research in Veterinary Science
A Di Salvo, S Busechian, F Zappulla, M C Marchesi, C Pieramati, S Orvieto, M Boveri, P G Predieri, F Rueca, G Della Rocca
A new formulation of omeprazole in gastro-resistant granules was tested with regard to its pharmacokinetics and tolerability. Twenty-four horses were randomly divided into three groups (8 horses/group) and treated, according a parallel study design, as follows: Group A untreated (control group), Group B received 4 mg/kg of omeprazole, and Group C received 12 mg/kg of omeprazole, both of which were treated orally once a day for 90 days. Blood samples, taken from Group B subjects during the 1st and the 29th day of treatment at pre-established time points, were used to determine the concentration-time curves of omeprazole...
November 24, 2016: Journal of Veterinary Pharmacology and Therapeutics
Ahmed M Abu El-Saad, Dalia A Kheirallah, Lamia M El-Samad
The aim of this study was to analyze the impact of organophosphorus (OP) pollutants on oxidative stress and ultrastructural biomarkers in the midgut of the honeybee Apis mellifera collected from three locations that differ in their extent of spraying load with OP insecticides: a weakly anthropised rural site, Bolin which is considered as a reference site; moderately spraying site, El Kaza; and a strongly anthropised urban site, Tiba with a long history of pesticide use. Results showed that high concentrations of chlorpyrifos, malathion, diazinon, chlorpyrifos-methyl, and pirimiphos-methyl were detected in midgut at locations with extensive pesticide spraying...
November 18, 2016: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Raimunda Nonata Fortes Carvalho Neta, Gleyciane Lobato Barbosa, Hetty Salvino Torres, Débora Batista Pinheiro Sousa, Jonatas da Silva Castro, Débora Martins Silva Santos, Lígia Tchaicka, Zafira da Silva de Almeida, Erivania Gomes Teixeira, Audalio Rebelo Torres
Catfish have been used as a model system for studying biochemical mechanisms of biotransformation. The main goal of this study was to identify alterations in hepatic glutathione S-transferase (GST) activity and changes in the parental care pattern of a mouth-brooding catfish, Sciades herzbergii, as a biomarker of anthropogenic impact in a port area on the northeastern coast of Brazil. The fish were sampled from a natural reserve (A1 = reference site) and from an industrialized port area (A2 = impacted site)...
November 18, 2016: Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
Zuzana Danková, Lenka Vorobeľová, Veronika Čerňanová, Darina Drozdová, Marian Grendár, Marian Baldovič, Marta Cvíčelová, Daniela Siváková
OBJECTIVE: This study analyzed the association between the MLXIPL gene polymorphism (rs3812316) and triglyceride (TG) levels and selected environmental biomarkers in Slovak women at risk for cardiovascular disease compared to a reference sample. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The studied sample consisted of 200 women at cardiovascular risk (mean age 52.96 ± 6.01 years) and 244 healthy women (mean age 47.52 ± 5.34 years). Participants gave details of their health and lifestyle during their medical examination, and peripheral blood samples were used for biochemical analyses and DNA genotyping...
November 17, 2016: Genetic Testing and Molecular Biomarkers
Arezou Asgari, Soghra Rouhi Dehnabeh, Mehryar Zargari, Soghra Khani, Hadi Mozafari, Abdolreza Varasteh, Fatemeh Keyfi, Mina Barzegari, Rayhaneh Hasanzaeh, Shohreh Khatami
BACKGROUND: Biotinidase deficiency (BTD) is an autosomal recessive disorder of biotin metabolism. Biotin is a coenzyme that enhances the action of the four enzymes that play an important role in carbohydrates, amino acid, and fatty acid metabolism. Defects in these pathways cause severe metabolic disorder in the body. In general, biotinidase deficiency can be classified into two levels: partial and profound. The incidence of BTD is 1:40,000 to 1:60,000 births in the world, even though no convincing statistical data on the prevalence of this disorder exist in Iran...
November 2016: Archives of Iranian Medicine
Stefania Ferro, Laura De Luca, Maria Paola Germanò, Maria Rosa Buemi, Laura Ielo, Giovanna Certo, Margarita Kanteev, Ayelet Fishman, Antonio Rapisarda, Rosaria Gitto
Tyrosinase is involved in the production of melanin through the hydroxylation of monophenols to o-diphenols. The role of this enzyme was extensively studied in order to identify new therapeutics preventing skin pigmentation and melanoma. In this work we initially identified the 3-(4-benzylpiperidin-1-yl)-1-(1H-indol-3-yl)propan-1-one (1a) as promising mushroom tyrosinase inhibitor (IC50 = 252 μM). Then, several chemical modifications were performed and new analogues related to compound 1a were synthesized...
October 18, 2016: European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
Anneleen Houtmeyers, Luc Duchateau, Bettina Grünewald, Katleen Hermans
BACKGROUND: Rats (Rattus norvegicus) are increasingly kept as pets, thus more and more requiring veterinary care. Important differences exist between pet and laboratory rats, but little information is available on pet rats. Diagnosis and treatment of pet rat diseases would benefit from RIs specific for this animal population. OBJECTIVES: The aim was to establish RIs for biochemical blood variables, PCV, and body temperature in pet rats. Additionally, influences of sex and feed rationing method (ad libitum, restricted) on these variables were determined...
November 2, 2016: Veterinary Clinical Pathology
K G Lim
A literature search of articles as detailed in the paper Bibliography of clinical research in Malaysia: methods and brief results, using the MESH terms Obesity; Obesity, Abdominal; and Overweight; covering the years 2000 till 2015 was undertaken and 265 articles were identified. Serial population studies showed that the prevalence of obesity increased rapidly in Malaysia in the last decade of the twentieth century. This follows the rising availability of food per capita which had been begun two to three decades previously...
June 2016: Medical Journal of Malaysia
Q Q Zhou, Y B Hu, K Zhou, W W Zhang, M H Li, P Dong, J G Di, L Hong, Q W Du, Y Xie, Q F Sun
Objective: To investigate the value of non-invasive liver fibrosis models, FIB-4, S index, aspartate aminotransferase to platelet ratio index(APRI), globulin-platelet(GP)model, aspartate aminotransferase/platelet/gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase/alpha-fetoprotein(APGA), and platelet/age/phosphatase/alpha-fetoprotein/aspartate aminotransferase(PAPAS), in the diagnosis of marked liver fibrosis in chronic hepatitis B(CHB)patients with ALT < 2×upper limit of normal(ULN), as well as treatment timing for this population...
September 20, 2016: Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing za Zhi, Zhonghua Ganzangbing Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Hepatology
Nicholas M McCrory, Mathew J Edick, Ayesha Ahmad, Susan Lipinski, Jessica A Scott Schwoerer, Shaohui Zhai, Kaitlin Justice, Cynthia A Cameron, Susan A Berry, Loren D M Pena
OBJECTIVES: To compare time to evaluation and symptoms at diagnosis of propionic acidemia (PA) by method of ascertainment, and to explore correlations between genotype and biochemical variables. STUDY DESIGN: Clinical symptoms, genotype, and biochemical findings were analyzed retrospectively in 58 individuals with PA enrolled in the Inborn Errors of Metabolism Information System (IBEM-IS) based on the type of initial ascertainment: abnormal newborn screening (NBS), clinical presentation (symptomatic), or family history...
October 21, 2016: Journal of Pediatrics
Tore Bach-Gansmo, Cristina Nanni, Peter T Nieh, Lucia Zanoni, Tronde Velde Bogsrud, Heidi Sletten, Katrine Andersen Korsan, J Kieboom, Funmilayo I Tade, Oluwaseun Odewole, Albert Chau, Penelope Ward, Mark M Goodman, Stefano Fanti, David M Schuster, Frode Willoch
PURPOSE: Sensitive detection of cancer foci in men experiencing biochemical recurrence following initial treatment of prostate cancer is of great clinical significance with a possible impact on subsequent treatment choice. We describe a multisite experience of the efficacy and safety of the positron emission tomography/computerized tomography agent fluciclovine ((18)F) after biochemical recurrence. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 596 patients underwent fluciclovine ((18)F) positron emission tomography/computerized tomography at 4 clinical sites...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Urology
Lauren Peruffo, Janice D Boyd, Sharman Hoppes, Donald J Brightsmith
Blood biochemical values are useful as indicators of disease in veterinary practice and for health assessments of free-ranging animal populations. We analyzed blood biochemical values for free-living nestling and adult scarlet macaws ( Ara macao macao) in southeastern Peru with an Abaxis VetScan VS2 portable analyzer with Avian/Reptilian Profile Plus rotors. The resulting data were used to create provisional age-independent reference intervals for this instrument for wild scarlet macaw nestlings, calculate blood biochemical ranges for this instrument for wild adults, and examine age-related trends in nestlings...
September 2016: Journal of Avian Medicine and Surgery
F Barchetti, A Stagnitti, V Megna, N Al Ansari, A Marini, D Musio, M L Monti, G Barchetti, V Tombolini, C Catalano, V Panebianco
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the accuracy of unenhanced whole-body MRI, including whole-body Diffusion Weighted Imaging (DWI), used as a diagnostic modality to detect  pathologic lymph nodes and skeletal metastases in patients with prostate cancer (PCa) undergoing restaging after primary treatment. PATIENTS AND METHODS: 152 male patients with biochemical recurrence after radical prostatectomy (RP) or external beam radiation therapy (EBRT) underwent MRI at a 1...
September 2016: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
S Farmer, V V Shanbhogue, S Hansen, C I Stahlberg, H Vestergaard, A P Hermann, H Frederiksen
: In this cross-sectional study of 45 patients with myeloproliferative neoplasms, we found no evidence of secondary osteoporosis. INTRODUCTION: Patients with essential thrombocythemia (ET) and polycythaemia vera (PV) are at increased risk of fractures but the underlying mechanisms have not been settled. We conducted a study to assess bone mineral density, microarchitecture, estimated bone strength and global bone turnover in 45 patients with ET or PV. METHODS: Patients were evaluated in a cross-sectional study with dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) at the hip and spine; high-resolution peripheral quantitative computed tomography (HR-pQCT) at the distal radius and distal tibia; and biochemical markers of bone turnover including pro-collagen type 1 N-terminal pro-peptide, osteocalcin, C-terminal cross-linking telopeptide of type 1 collagen and bone-specific alkaline phosphatase...
October 13, 2016: Osteoporosis International
Thyparambil Aravindakshan Pramodkumar, Miranda Priya, Saravanan Jebarani, Ranjit Mohan Anjana, Viswanathan Mohan, Rajendra Pradeepa
AIM: The aim of this study was to compare the metabolic profiles of subjects with normal glucose tolerance (NGT) with and without elevated 1-h postglucose (1HrPG) values during an oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT). METHODOLOGY: The study group comprised 996 subjects without known diabetes seen at tertiary diabetes center between 2010 and 2014. NGT was defined as fasting plasma glucose <100 mg/dl (5.5 mmol/L) and 2-h plasma glucose <140 mg/dl (7.8 mmol/L) after an 82...
September 2016: Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
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