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Biochemical reference values

Leigh Anne Harden, Jennifer Fernandez, Joseph R Milanovich, Brock P Struecker, Stephen R Midway
Blood biochemical and hematology analyses are helpful indicators of the physiologic health of animals, particularly when making conservation and management decisions for threatened species. In this study, we 1) established blood biochemical reference intervals for two populations of threatened, free-ranging ornate box turtles ( Terrapene ornata) in northern Illinois during their active season and 2) examined the effects of individual carapace temperature ( Tc ) on blood biochemical variables by using a Bayesian hierarchic framework...
March 21, 2018: Journal of Wildlife Diseases
Shetty Sushruth, Chellappa Vijayakumar, Krishnamachari Srinivasan, Nagarajan Raj Kumar, Gopal Balasubramaniyan, Surendra K Verma, A Ramesh
Background Right iliac fossa (RIF) pain is one of the most common modalities of presentation to surgical emergency. It remains a challenge to the treating clinicians to accurately diagnose or to rule out appendicitis. Objective The aim of the study was to compare the efficacy of clinical impression, biochemical markers, and imaging in the diagnosis of RIF pain with special reference to appendicitis and their implication in reducing the negative appendicectomy rates. Methods All patients presenting to casualty with RIF pain were included in the study...
January 15, 2018: Curēus
Xin Li, Di Wang, Chun Yang, Qi Zhou, Suo-Lang Zhuoga, Li-Qiang Wang, Han-Xin Yao, Qin Zhang, Qing Ai, Chen-Xi Yang, Jian-Cheng Xu
BACKGROUND: The development and growth of children influence values of liver function tests. This study aims to establish age- and gender-specific pediatric reference intervals of liver function among Han children in Changchun, China. METHODS: A total of 1394 healthy Han children, aged 2-14 years, were recruited from communities and schools with informed parental consent in Changchun. The levels of serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), γ-glutamyltransferase (GGT), alkaline phosphatase (ALP), total protein (TP), albumin (ALB), total bilirubin (TBIL) and direct bilirubin (DBIL) were measured on Hitachi 7600-210 automatic biochemical analyzer...
March 15, 2018: World Journal of Pediatrics: WJP
Jahan Heidari, Jürgen Beckmann, Maurizio Bertollo, Michel Brink, Wolfgang Kallus, Claudio Robazza, Michael Kellmann
Monitoring of recovery in the context of athletic performance has gained significant importance during recent years. As a systematic process of data collection and evaluation, the monitoring of recovery can be implemented for various purposes. It may aid to prevent negative outcomes of training or competition, such as underrecovery, overtraining, or injuries. Further, it aims at establishing routines and strategies necessary to guarantee athletes' readiness for performance by restoring their depleted resources...
March 15, 2018: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
Khaled G Abdel-Wahhab, Eitedal M Daoud, Aliaa El Gendy, Hagar H Mourad, Fathia A Mannaa, Maha M Saber
Diabetic neuropathy (DN) is the highly occurred complication of diabetes mellitus; it has been defined as an event of peripheral nerve dysfunction characterized by pain, allodynia, hyperalgesia, and paraesthesia. The current study was conducted to evaluate the efficacy of low-level laser therapy (LLLT) in the management of neuropathy in diabetic rats. The used animals were divided into the following groups: negative control, streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats, and diabetic rats with peripheral neuropathy (DNP) and DNP treated with gabapentin or with LLLT...
March 12, 2018: Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology
V Petrosino, G Motta, G Tenore, M Coletta, A Guariglia, D Testa
Previous literature has highlighted the mechanisms of molecular toxicity induced by substances such as arsenic, cadmium, chromium, nickel, lead, barium and PCBs. The research was carried out on 20 volunteers, all the patients gave their consent to the research: the aim of the study was to evaluate the presence of metals and PCBs in these different matrices (blood and hair), correlating the biochemical data to pathological conditions present, and also to the area in which patients resided. Various quantitative determinations were carried out on samples of blood and hair for 14 heavy metals and on blood samples for 12 PCBs...
March 8, 2018: Biometals: An International Journal on the Role of Metal Ions in Biology, Biochemistry, and Medicine
Karen V Danielsen, Signe Wiese, Jens Hove, Flemming Bendtsen, Søren Møller
BACKGROUND: The relation between excessive alcohol consumption and coronary arteriosclerosis has remained controversial. The etiology of cirrhosis has been considered a substantial risk factor for development of arteriosclerotic lesions. The coronary artery calcium-score derived from coronary CT angiography is a robust marker of coronary arteriosclerosis. AIMS: To study the burden of coronary arteriosclerosis in cirrhotic patients of various etiologies and association to cardiac dysfunction and survival...
March 8, 2018: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
Karla Duccini, Marcus Souza, Ricardo Delfim, Ana Paula Aguiar, Patricia Teixeira, Mario Vaisman
OBJECTIVE: This study assesses whether or not a simple biochemical parameter, serum thyrotropin (TSH), within the reference range can predict the likelihood of thyroid malignancy in subjects undergoing fine-needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) for thyroid nodules. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study evaluated 236 patients without overt thyroid dysfunction who were not on levothyroxine therapy. They underwent FNAB of the thyroid nodules at the Clementino Fraga Filho University Hospital between 2011 and 2012...
March 7, 2018: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
Seyit Ali Büyüktuna, Halef Okan Doğan, Mehmet Bakir, Nazif Elaldi, Mustafa Gökhan Gözel, Aynur Engin
INTRODUCTION: Crimean-Congo haemorrhagic fever (CCHF) is an acute viral haemorrhagic disease. Reactive oxygen species that are mainly generated by the nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADPH) oxidase (NOX) enzyme family have a pivotal role in the pathophysiology of many diseases. The serum levels of NOX isoforms in patients with CCHF have yet to be assessed. METHODS: This prospective study was conducted at Cumhuriyet University, Turkey. Only patients with CCHF confirmed by the National Reference Virology Laboratory were enrolled in the study...
March 6, 2018: Journal of Medical Microbiology
Eugenio Alcalde, Paul D Fraser
Introduction: Xanthophyllomyces dendrorhous is a non-conventional industrial yeast. It has the unique ability among yeasts to produce geranylgeranyl pyrophosphate derived terpenoids such as carotenoids and in particular the high value pigment astaxanthin. Objective: In order to fully exploit the industrial potential of Xanthophyllomyces using modern industrial biotechnology approaches the further development of "omic" resources in this organism are required to build on the now sequenced and annotated genome...
2018: Metabolomics: Official Journal of the Metabolomic Society
Franz Maximilian Rasche, Ronny Rettig, Thomas Frese, Wilma Gertrud Rasche, Filip Barinka, Guenter Roesl, Frieder Keller, Tom H Lindner, Jochen G Schneider, Joachim Beige, Thomas Ebert, Stephan Schiekofer
INTRODUCTION: Endocrine disorders of the pituitary axes are frequent in patients with hemodialysis (CKD5D). The aim of this multicenter study (Leipzig (L), Quedlinburg and Blankenburg in the Harz region (Hz)) in CKD5D patients was to evaluate influences of CKD5D related factors, morphological and biochemical parameters, and serum iodine and prolactin concentrations on the pituitary-thyroid axis. PATIENTS AND METHODS: 170 patients (L n=58; Hz n=112) were included in this prospective, non-interventional, cross-sectional study...
February 23, 2018: Experimental and Clinical Endocrinology & Diabetes
Carla Serra, Valentina Grasso, Fabio Conti, Cristina Felicani, Elena Mazzotta, Marco Lenzi, Gabriella Verucchi, Antonietta D'errico, Pietro Andreone
PURPOSE: To assess the performance of two-dimensional shear wave elastography (2D-SWE) on the GE LOGIQ E9 ultrasound system in a cohort of healthy subjects and to investigate its accuracy in the staging of liver fibrosis in patients with chronic liver disease (CLD) using liver biopsy as a reference standard. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From October 2014 to June 2016, 54 healthy subjects and 174 patients with CLD were consecutively enrolled. Liver fibrosis stage was assessed by the METAVIR scoring system...
February 19, 2018: Ultraschall in der Medizin
Amina Rabei, Aziz Hichami, Hayet Beldi, Sandrine Bellenger, Naim Akhtar Khan, Noureddine Soltani
The gulf of Annaba, the most important touristic and economic coastal zone located in Northeast Algeria, is contaminated by several pollutants from urban, agricultural, harbor and industrial activities. Elevated levels of heavy metals were detected in a locally prevalent edible mollusk Donax trunculus (Bivalvia, Donacidae) widely used as a sentinel species for the assessment of marine pollution. The present work aims to measure the difference between two localities, one being full of different pollutants (Sidi Salem) and the other being relatively clean (El Battah) and to evaluate the ability of D...
February 15, 2018: Environmental Pollution
V Mojto, A Gvozdjakova, J Kucharska, Z Rausova, O Vancova, J Valuch
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to observe the influence of 11-days complete water fasting (WF) and regeneration diet (RD) on renal function, body weight, blood pressure and oxidative stress. BACKGROUND: Therapeutic WF is considered a healing method. METHODS: Ten volunteers drank only water for 11 days, followed by RD for the next 11 days. Data on body weight, blood pressure, kidney functions, antioxidants, lipid peroxidation, cholesterols, triacylglycerols and selected biochemical parameters were obtained...
2018: Bratislavské Lekárske Listy
V Corpas-López, G Merino-Espinosa, C Acedo-Sánchez, V Díaz-Sáez, M C Navarro-Moll, F Morillas-Márquez, J Martín-Sánchez
The use of natural products is a promising approach for treating visceral leishmaniosis. (-)-α-Bisabolol is a sesquiterpene that have been proved active in vivo on Leishmania infantum-infected mice without showing toxicity. A single-centre, parallel-group, randomized, exploratory study was designed to assess its efficacy in a canine leishmaniosis model involving naturally infected dogs. In this clinical trial, 12 dogs were allocated into two groups and were treated with either meglumine antimoniate (100 mg/kg) through subcutaneous route or (-)-α-bisabolol (30 mg/kg) through oral route for two treatment series of 30 days, separated by a 30-day interval...
February 16, 2018: Veterinary Research Communications
Engin Kose, Nur Arslan
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Strict low-phenylalanine diet is associated with an increased risk of developing micronutrient deficiencies in patients with phenylketonuria (PKU). The primary objective of this single-center, case-control study was to assess the nutritional parameters of patients with PKU on strict low-phenylalanine diet without vitamin and mineral supplementation compared to a healthy control group. Secondary objective was to identify the adequacy of vitamin/mineral supplementation in phenylalanine-free (Phe-free) amino acid formulas...
February 9, 2018: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
Linnea A Morley, Thomas H Gomez, Julia L Goldman, Rene Flores, Mary A Robinson
Despite few published studies that assess the accuracy of glucometers in laboratory animals, glucometers are commonly used in animal research. We set out to determine the accuracy of 5 point-of-care glucometers (POCG) when used to evaluate murine whole blood, plasma, and serum samples. The POCG tested included one veterinary device (POCG A) and 4 humanuse instruments (POCG B through E). Whole blood, plasma, and serum samples from 50 female C57BL/6J mice were analyzed on all POCG, and serum was analyzed on a reference biochemical analyzer...
January 1, 2018: Journal of the American Association for Laboratory Animal Science: JAALAS
A Albani, F Ferraù, A Ciresi, R Pivonello, C Scaroni, D Iacuaniello, M Zilio, V Guarnotta, A Alibrandi, E Messina, M Boscaro, C Giordano, A Colao, S Cannavo
PURPOSE: Patients with Cushing's disease (CD) experience metabolic alterations leading to increased cardiovascular mortality. Recently, the visceral adiposity index (VAI) has been proposed as a marker of visceral adipose tissue dysfunction (ATD) and of the related cardiometabolic risk. We aimed to evaluate the impact of 12-month pasireotide treatment on cardiometabolic risk in CD patients. METHODS: This is a multicentre, prospective, and observational study. Sixteen CD patients, referred to the Endocrine Units of the University Hospitals of Messina, Napoli, Padova, and Palermo (Italy), successfully treated with pasireotide for 12 month have been enrolled...
January 30, 2018: Endocrine
Jesús Lescano, Miryam Quevedo, Marina Villalobos, Cesar M Gavidia
BACKGROUND: Hematologic and serum biochemical reference values obtained from captive or free-ranging wildlife populations may not be comparable as there can be significant variations due to preanalytic and analytic differences, including methods of capture and restraint, overall management in captivity including diet and composition of animal groups, and analytic methods being used. Hematology and serum biochemistry have never been studied in captive or free-ranging populations of Sechuran foxes (Lycalopex sechurae)...
January 24, 2018: Veterinary Clinical Pathology
Wouter A M Broos, Friso M van der Zant, Maurits Wondergem, Remco J J Knol
OBJECTIVE: Determination of the accuracy of sodium fluorine-18-fluoride (F-NaF) PET/computed tomography (CT) for the evaluation of bone metastases, and the impact on patient management in breast cancer patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients with breast cancer, referred for F-NaF PET/CT between February 2014 and June 2016, were included in a database. Baseline characteristics, clinical indication, definitive diagnosis according to follow-up data, as well as changes in patient management were recorded...
January 18, 2018: Nuclear Medicine Communications
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