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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706868/tricuspid-valve-endocarditis
#1
Syed T Hussain, James Witten, Nabin K Shrestha, Eugene H Blackstone, Gösta B Pettersson
Right-sided infective endocarditis (RSIE) is less common than left-sided infective endocarditis (IE), encompassing only 5-10% of cases of IE. Ninety percent of RSIE involves the tricuspid valve (TV). Given the relatively small numbers of TVIE cases operated on at most institutions, the purpose of this review is to highlight and discuss the current understanding of IE involving the TV. RSIE and TVIE are strongly associated with intravenous drug use (IVDU), although pacemaker leads, defibrillator leads and vascular access for dialysis are also major risk factors...
May 2017: Annals of Cardiothoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680904/risk-factors-associated-with-outpatient-parenteral-antibiotic-therapy-program-failure-among-intravenous-drug-users
#2
Deanna J Buehrle, Ryan K Shields, Neel Shah, Christopher Shoff, Kathleen Sheridan
Sixty-one percent of intravenous drug users (IVDUs) who received outpatient parenteral antibiotic therapy (OPAT) failed treatment. Hospital readmission and adverse drug reactions occurred in 25%. By multivariate analysis, time since last IVDU was associated with failure (P = .04). Intravenous drug users requiring OPAT are at high risk for failure; additional studies are needed to explore alternatives.
2017: Open Forum Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28656020/group-a-streptococcal-bacteremia-following-streptococcal-pharyngitis-in-an-older-patient-with-diabetes-a-case-report%C3%A2-%C3%A2-%C3%A2
#3
Mehida Alexandre, Ruth Wang'ondu, Leo M Cooney
Group A streptococcus (GAS) is responsible for a wide range of both invasive and noninvasive infections. Severe invasive group A streptococcal infection is associated with morbidity and mortality and has been linked to chronic medical conditions with skin and soft tissues involvement, and intravenous drug use (IVDU). Invasive diseases are, however, rare and have been recognized to affect the extremes of age (younger than 10 years of age and older than 74). We report a case of Group A streptococcus bacteremia following pharyngitis in a 76-year-old diabetic male with no history of IVDU...
June 2017: Yale Journal of Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579342/prevalence-of-hepatitis-c-virus-genotypes-and-subtypes-in-lebanese-population-and-major-high-risk-groups
#4
Antoine Abou Rached, Cesar Yaghi, Leda Khalil, Jowana Saba, Walid Ammar
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS: The prevalence of hepatitis C in Lebanon is low. It is estimated at 0.2% of the total population. The aim of our study is to evaluate the exact prevalence of each genotype on a large scale population and in each potential source of infection. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We reviewed all the data in the Ministry of Public Health related to patients who have submitted their file for treatment during a period of 9years ranging from January 2005 till December 2013...
June 1, 2017: Arab Journal of Gastroenterology: the Official Publication of the Pan-Arab Association of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28572838/seroprevalence-of-antibodies-against-kaposi-s-sarcoma-associated-herpesvirus-among-hiv-negative-people-in-china
#5
Tiejun Zhang, Zhenqiu Liu, Jun Wang, Veenu Minhas, Charles Wood, Gary M Clifford, Na He, Silvia Franceschi
BACKGROUND: Little information on the prevalence of Kaposi's sarcoma associated herpesvirus (KSHV) among HIV-negative individuals is available from Asia. METHODS: In the present study, we report findings from a new survey of KSHV in 983 HIV-negative male migrants from Shanghai and their combination with previous similar surveys of 600 female migrants, 600 female sex-workers (FSW), 1336 sexually transmitted infection (STI) clinic male patients, 439 intravenous drug-users (IVDU), and 226 men having sex with men (MSM) from China...
2017: Infectious Agents and Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535991/predictors-and-delays-associated-with-the-need-for-advanced-techniques-for-intravenous-access
#6
Michael D Witting, Siamak Moayedi, Latoya A Brown, Ammar Ismail
BACKGROUND: The need for advanced techniques for intravenous access (ATIVA) can lead to delays in care and contribute to emergency department (ED) crowding. OBJECTIVE: In this article, we estimate the delay and predictors associated with the need for ATIVA. METHODS: In this case-control study, we collected data from ED cases requiring ATIVA and control patients in whom i.v. access was gained by traditional inspection and palpation. We included two control groups-a random retrospective sample and a prospective limited convenience sample...
May 20, 2017: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475637/assessment-of-hepatitis-c-virus-infection-in-two-adjacent-thai-provinces-with-drastically-different-seroprevalence
#7
Rujipat Wasitthankasem, Preeyaporn Vichaiwattana, Nipaporn Siripon, Nawarat Posuwan, Chompoonut Auphimai, Sirapa Klinfueng, Napha Thaneskongtong, Viboonsak Vuthitanachot, Supapith Saiyatha, Chaiwat Thongmai, Sarawut Suwanpatoomlerd, Saowakon Sochoo, Natnada Pongsuwan, Kittiyod Poovorawan, Pisit Tangkijvanich, Sompong Vongpunsawad, Yong Poovorawan
Improved awareness of the hepatitis C virus (HCV) transmission has contributed to the overall decline in the HCV infection rate in some developing countries including Thailand. Chronic HCV infection in some rural Thai communities, however, presents a challenge in the efforts to treat and manage HCV-related diseases. Published and unpublished studies have suggested an unusually high incidence of HCV infection in a Thai province of Phetchabun compared to elsewhere in Thailand. To determine the magnitude of HCV infection and identify potential factors contributing to the higher rate of HCV infection in this province, we performed a population-based study in Phetchabun (n = 1667) and the neighboring Khon Kaen province (n = 1410) where HCV prevalence is much lower...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291157/deceased-organ-donors-with-a-history-of-increased-risk-behavior-for-the-transmission-of-blood-borne-viral-infection-the-uk-experience
#8
Patrick B Trotter, Dominic M Summers, Matthew Robb, William Hulme, Ines Ushiro-Lumb, Christopher J E Watson, James Neuberger, J Andrew Bradley
BACKGROUND: Deceased organ donors are routinely screened for behaviors that increase the risk of transmissible blood-borne viral (BBV) infection, but the impact of this information on organ donation and transplant outcome is not well documented. Our aim was to establish the impact of such behavior on organ donation and utilization, as well transplant recipient outcomes. METHODS: We identified all UK deceased organ donors from 2003 to 2015 with a disclosed history of increased risk behavior (IRB) including intravenous drug use (IVDU), imprisonment and increased risk sexual behavior...
July 2017: Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290773/the-hiv-care-cascade-and-sub-analysis-of-those-linked-to-but-not-retained-in-care-the-experience-from-a-tertiary-hiv-referral-service-in-dublin-ireland
#9
P McGettrick, B Ghavami-Kia, W Tinago, A Macken, J O'Halloran, J S Lambert, G Sheehan, P W G Mallon
BACKGROUND: The HIV Care Cascade model can be used to measure how clinical services align with United Nations' (UN) HIV treatment targets. Previous models have highlighted sequential losses at each step of the Cascade with a significant proportion being not retained in care (NRIC). OBJECTIVE: We aimed to assess the feasibility of meeting the UN targets and assess factors associated with, and calculate the true proportion of those, NRIC. METHODS: All people living with HIV who were linked to our service, one of three specialist HIV care providers in Dublin Ireland, from its establishment in 1993 to 1 December 2014, were included in the cohort and were categorized as linked to care, retained in care (RIC), on antiretroviral therapy (on ART), virally suppressed (HIV RNA <40copies/ml), and NRIC...
May 2017: HIV Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289605/a-wolf-in-another-wolf-s-clothing
#10
Amrit Lamba, Meghan Kapp, Paisit Paueksakon, Parth J Parekh
This case of infective endocarditis masquerading as mixed cryoglobulinemia in a man with a history of intravenous drug use (IVDU) and hepatitis C virus (HCV) highlights the importance of maintaining a broad differential and continually re-evaluating the working diagnosis as new information presents itself. The patient presented to an outside hospital and was treated for presumptive mixed cryoglobulinemia with corticosteroid therapy. When the patient did not improve, he was transferred to a tertiary care center for possible Rituximab and/or plasmapheresis...
2017: IDCases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239556/the-cost-of-a-recalcitrant-intravenous-drug-user-with-serial-cases-of-endocarditis-need-for-guidelines-to-improve-the-continuum-of-care
#11
Claudia R Libertin, Ulas M Camsari, Walter C Hellinger, Terry D Schneekloth, Teresa A Rummans
We report a case of an intravenous drug user (IVDU) patient who had 4 episodes of endocarditis within a 2-year time period in rural Georgia. The institutional cost was approximately $380,000. The lack of an established transitional care plan for IVDUs to outpatient care is a common phenomenon at institutions. Guidelines are essential to optimize the quality of care rendered to IVDUs with such infections, to assist providers in utilizing limited resources, and to limit the cost to the institutions.
2017: IDCases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178393/a-model-to-estimate-the-probability-of-human-immunodeficiency-virus-and-hepatitis-c-infection-despite-negative-nucleic-acid-testing-among-increased-risk-organ-donors
#12
Pallavi D Annambhotla, Brian M Gurbaxani, Matthew J Kuehnert, Sridhar V Basavaraju
BACKGROUND: In 2013, guidelines were released for reducing the risk of viral bloodborne pathogen transmission through organ transplantation. Eleven criteria were described that result in a donor being designated at increased infectious risk. Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV) transmission risk from an increased-risk donor (IRD), despite negative nucleic acid testing (NAT), likely varies based on behavior type and timing. METHODS: We developed a Monte Carlo risk model to quantify probability of HIV among IRDs...
April 2017: Transplant Infectious Disease: An Official Journal of the Transplantation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812403/the-impact-of-il-6-and-il-28b-gene-polymorphisms-on-treatment-outcome-of-chronic-hepatitis-c-infection-among-intravenous-drug-users-in-croatia
#13
Zoran Bogdanović, Ivana Marinović-Terzić, Sendi Kuret, Ana Jerončić, Nikola Bradarić, Gea Forempoher, Ozren Polašek, Šimun Anđelinović, Janoš Terzić
BACKGROUND: Several genes and their single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) are associated with either spontaneous resolution of hepatitis C infection or better treatment-induced viral clearance. We tested a cohort of intravenous drug users (IVDU) diagnosed with chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) for treatment response and its association with the SNPs in the interleukin-6 (rs1800795-IL6) and the interleukin-28B (rs12979860-IL28B) genes. METHODS: The study included 110 Croatian IVDU positive for anti-HCV antibody...
2016: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27387326/navigating-hiv-prevention-policy-and-islam-in-malaysia-contention-compatibility-or-reconciliation-findings-from-in-depth-interviews-among-key-stakeholders
#14
Sima Barmania, Syed Mohamed Aljunid
BACKGROUND: Malaysia is a multicultural society, predominantly composed of a Muslim majority population, where Islam is influential. Malaysia has a concentrated HIV epidemic amongst high risk groups, such as, Intravenous Drug Users (IVDU), sex workers, transgender women and Men who have sex with Men (MSM). The objective of this study is to understand how Islam shapes HIV prevention strategies in Malaysia by interviewing the three key stakeholder groups identified as being influential, namely the Ministry of Health, Religious leaders and People living with HIV...
July 7, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27239001/rhizobium-radiobacter-endocarditis-in-an-intravenous-drug-user-clinical-presentation-diagnosis-and-treatment
#15
Bilal A Zahoor
Rhizobium radiobacter, a soil-based organism, is not, usually, pathogenic unless in the immunecompromised. Endocarditis, in the immunocompromised, is a typical presentation generally as a result of catheter-based infections. We describe the presentation of R. radiobacter prosthetic valve endocarditis and the inherent challenges in its presentation and diagnosis. A patient presented with acute limb ischemia secondary to R. radiobacter-mediated endocarditis and subsequent thromboembolization of the distal superior femoral and proximal popliteal arteries in the left lower limb...
August 2016: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27043886/hbsag-and-anti-hcv-screening-in-elderly-hospitalized-patients-of-a-german-tertiary-referral-centre
#16
J Kant, J Kratzsch, M Maier, U G Liebert, T Berg, J Wiegand
BACKGROUND: Elderly patients are under-represented in hepatitis B and C screening approaches, but may be at increased risk for advanced liver disease. We therefore screened a hospitalized elderly population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 6011 admissions to the department of internal medicine and neurology within one year were screened for HBsAg and anti-HCV (Elecsys(®)-HBsAg and -anti-HCV). Positive anti-HCV results were confirmed with the INNO-LIA™ assay. HCV-RNA was analyzed by real-time PCR in the case of confirmed positive anti-HCV results, HBV-DNA in the confirmed HBsAg positive individuals...
March 2016: Zeitschrift Für Gastroenterologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27009250/acute-hepatitis-b-after-the-implementation-of-universal-vaccination-in-italy-results-from-22-years-of-surveillance-1993-2014
#17
Maria Elena Tosti, Valeria Alfonsi, Eleonora Lacorte, Alfonso Mele, Cristina Galli, Alessandro Remo Zanetti, Luisa Romanò
BACKGROUND: Hepatitis B vaccination has proven to be very safe and highly effective. This study assessed the proportion of successfully vaccinated individuals among cases with acute hepatitis B, the proportion of preventable cases if individuals were vaccinated as recommended, and the reasons for failures. METHODS: We analyzed data reported to the Italian Surveillance System for Acute Viral Hepatitis from 1993 to 2014. RESULTS: A total of 362 of 11 311 (3...
June 1, 2016: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26871824/clinical-features-and-outcomes-of-patients-with-genotype-3-hepatitis-c-virus-infection-in-korea-a-retrospective-observational-study
#18
Ra Ri Cha, Sang Soo Lee, Chang Min Lee, Sung Bok Ji, Hee Cheul Jung, Hyun Chin Cho, Jin Joo Kim, Jae Min Lee, Hong Jun Kim, Chang Yoon Ha, Hyun Jin Kim, Tae-Hyo Kim, Woon Tae Jung, Ok-Jae Lee
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotype 3 infection is very rare in high-income Asia Pacific. The aim of our retrospective observational study was to evaluate the incidence, clinical features, and treatment outcomes of patients with a genotype 3 HCV infection in the Gyeongnam Province of Korea. Ninety-eight consecutive patients diagnosed with a genotype 3 HCV infection at Gyeongsang National University Hospital, between January 2005 and December 2014, were enrolled into the study. Relevant characteristics of the study group included: 80...
February 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26798070/hcv-prevalence-in-asian-americans-in-california
#19
Oliver N Lin, Christine Chang, Joyce Lee, Ailinh Do, Marina Martin, Andy Martin, Mindie H Nguyen
The World Health Organization estimates that 170 million persons are infected with HCV worldwide, but only 22 million are from the Americas and Europe, compared to 94 million from Asia. HCV prevalence in the general US population is 1.6 %, but data for Asian Americans are limited. Our goal was to examine HCV prevalence in Asian Americans in a large ethnically diverse patient cohort seeking primary care at a free clinic in Northern California. A total of 1347 consecutive patients were seen from September 2009 to October 2012 and were studied via individual chart review using case report forms...
February 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26698255/different-impact-of-nnrti-and-pi-including-haart-on-bone-mineral-density-loss-in-hiv-infected-patients
#20
G Madeddu, A Spanu, P Solinas, S Babudieri, G M Calia, C Lovigu, M Mannazzu, S Nuvoli, B Piras, P Bagella, M S Mura, G Madeddu
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the changes in Bone Mineral Density (BMD) and bone remodelling markers in a group of HIV patients treated with HAART and controlled in a long follow-up and to identify possible risk factors for accelerated bone mass loss. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In a series of 172 HIV patients treated with HAART a total of 67 patients (44 males and 33 females) underwent repeated bone mineral density measurement by DEXA in lumbar spine and in femur; the patients were classified according to T-score WHO criteria...
December 2015: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
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