keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Arv

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907114/rates-and-predictors-of-non-adherence-to-antiretroviral-therapy-among-hiv-positive-individuals-in-kenya-results-from-the-second-kenya-aids-indicator-survey-2012
#1
Irene N Mukui, Lucy Ng'ang'a, John Williamson, Joyce N Wamicwe, Shobha Vakil, Abraham Katana, Andrea A Kim
INTRODUCTION: Understanding the levels and associated factors of non-adherence to antiretroviral therapy (ART) is crucial in designing interventions to improve adherence and health outcomes of ART. We assessed non-adherence to ART among HIV-infected persons reporting ART use in a nationally representative survey in Kenya. METHODS: The Kenya AIDS Indicator Survey 2012 was a population-based, household survey of persons aged 18 months-64 years conducted in 2012-2013...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903272/inhibition-of-bromodomain-and-extra-terminal-bet-proteins-increases-nkg2d-ligand-mica-expression-and-sensitivity-to-nk-cell-mediated-cytotoxicity-in-multiple-myeloma-cells-role-of-cmyc-irf4-mir-125b-interplay
#2
Maria Pia Abruzzese, Maria Teresa Bilotta, Cinzia Fionda, Alessandra Zingoni, Alessandra Soriani, Elisabetta Vulpis, Cristiana Borrelli, Beatrice Zitti, Maria Teresa Petrucci, Maria Rosaria Ricciardi, Rosa Molfetta, Rossella Paolini, Angela Santoni, Marco Cippitelli
BACKGROUND: Anti-cancer immune responses may contribute to the control of tumors after conventional chemotherapy, and different observations have indicated that chemotherapeutic agents can induce immune responses resulting in cancer cell death and immune-stimulatory side effects. Increasing experimental and clinical evidence highlight the importance of natural killer (NK) cells in immune responses toward multiple myeloma (MM), and combination therapies able to enhance the activity of NK cells against MM are showing promise in treating this hematologic cancer...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Hematology & Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890952/a-study-of-antiretroviral-resistance-patterns-in-treatment-experienced-and-naive-human-immunodeficiency-virus-infected-patients
#3
Raj Harjani, Ram Malkani
BACKGROUND: About 10% of the patients had surveillance drug-related mutations for nonnucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NNRTIs) and protease inhibitors (PIs) in an Indian study. It was also reported that resistance was maximum for nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NRTIs) and minimum for PIs. METHODS: The present study was a cross-sectional assessment of 21 human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected individuals attending a HIV care center in a tertiary care center in Mumbai, Maharashtra, India...
July 2016: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890486/towards-a-multidisciplinary-approach-to-understand-and-manage-obesity-and-related-diseases
#4
REVIEW
Stephan C Bischoff, Yves Boirie, Tommy Cederholm, Michael Chourdakis, Cristina Cuerda, Nathalie M Delzenne, Nicolaas E Deutz, Denis Fouque, Laurence Genton, Carmen Gil, Berthold Koletzko, Miguel Leon-Sanz, Raanan Shamir, Joelle Singer, Pierre Singer, Nanette Stroebele-Benschop, Anders Thorell, Arved Weimann, Rocco Barazzoni
Overnutrition and sedentary lifestyle result in overweight or obesity defined as abnormal or excessive fat accumulation that may impair health. According to the WHO, the worldwide prevalence of obesity nearly doubled between 1980 and 2008. In 2008, over 50% of both men and women in the WHO European Region were overweight, and approximately 23% of women and 20% of men were obese. Comprehensive diagnostic and therapeutic approaches should include nutritional treatment to favor the best metabolic and nutritional outcome, as well as to induce potential disease-specific benefits from selected nutritional regimens...
November 16, 2016: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881851/relationships-between-24-h-blood-pressure-variability-and-24-h-central-arterial-pressure-pulse-wave-velocity-and-augmentation-index-in-hypertensive-patients
#5
Stefano Omboni, Igor N Posokhov, Anatoly N Rogoza
Twenty-four-h blood pressure variability (BPV) predicts cardiovascular complications in hypertension, but its association with pulse wave indices (central arterial pressure, pulse wave velocity (PWV) and augmentation index (AIx)) is poorly understood. In the present study, we assessed the degree of the effect of 24-h BPV on 24-h pulse wave indices. Brachial blood pressure was measured non-invasively over the 24 h with an electronic, oscillometric, automated device (BPLab) in 661 uncomplicated treated or untreated hypertensive patients...
November 24, 2016: Hypertension Research: Official Journal of the Japanese Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869248/simplified-risk-assessment-of-noise-induced-hearing-loss-by-means-of-2-spreadsheet-models
#6
Arve Lie, Bo Engdahl, Kristian Tambs
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study has been to test 2 spreadsheet models to compare the observed with the expected hearing loss for a Norwegian reference population. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The prevalence rates of the Norwegian and the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) definitions of hearing outcomes were calculated in terms of sex and age, 20-64 years old, for a screened (with no occupational noise exposure) (N = 18 858) and unscreened (N = 38 333) Norwegian reference population from the Nord-Trøndelag Hearing Loss Study (NTHLS)...
November 18, 2016: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27848251/allergen-removed-rhus-verniciflua-extract-induces-ovarian-cancer-cell-death-via-jnk-activation
#7
Se-Hui Kang, In-Hu Hwang, Eunju Son, Chong-Kwan Cho, Jong-Soon Choi, Soo-Jung Park, Byeong-Churl Jang, Kyung-Bok Lee, Zee-Won Lee, Jong Hoon Lee, Hwa-Seung Yoo, Ik-Soon Jang
Nuclear factor-[Formula: see text]B (NF-[Formula: see text]B)/Rel transcription factors are best known for their central roles in promoting cell survival in cancer. NF-[Formula: see text]B antagonizes tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-[Formula: see text]-induced apoptosis through a process involving attenuation of the c-Jun-N-terminal kinase (JNK). However, the role of JNK activation in apoptosis induced by negative regulation of NF-[Formula: see text]B is not completely understood. We found that allergen-removed Rhus verniciflua Stokes (aRVS) extract-mediated NF-[Formula: see text]B inhibition induces apoptosis in SKOV-3 ovarian cancer cells via the serial activation of caspases and SKOV-3 cells are most specifically suppressed by aRVS...
November 16, 2016: American Journal of Chinese Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846071/maternal-and-breastmilk-viral-load-impacts-of-adherence-on-peripartum-hiv-infections-averted-the-breastfeeding-antiretrovirals-and-nutrition-study
#8
Nicole L Davis, William C Miller, Michael G Hudgens, Charles S Chasela, Dorothy Sichali, Dumbani Kayira, Julie A E Nelson, Susan A Fiscus, Gerald Tegha, Deborah D Kamwendo, Joseph Rigdon, Jeffrey S A Stringer, Jonathan J Juliano, Sascha R Ellington, Athena P Kourtis, Denise J Jamieson, Charles van der Horst
BACKGROUND: Antiretroviral (ARV) interventions are used to reduce HIV viral replication and prevent mother-to-child transmission. Viral suppression relies on adherence to ARVs. METHODS: A 2-phase study was conducted using data from the Breastfeeding, Antiretrovirals, and Nutrition study. We included mothers randomized to 28 weeks of postpartum ARVs with ≥1 plasma or breastmilk specimen. All mothers who transmitted HIV to their infants from 2-28 weeks (n = 31) and 15% of mothers who did not (n = 232) were included...
December 15, 2016: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846043/aortic-stiffness-and-blood-pressure-variability-in-young-people-a-multimodality-investigation-of-central-and-peripheral-vasculature
#9
Henry Boardman, Adam J Lewandowski, Merzaka Lazdam, Yvonne Kenworthy, Polly Whitworth, Charlotte L Zwager, Jane M Francis, Christina Y L Aye, Wilby Williamson, Stefan Neubauer, Paul Leeson
INTRODUCTION: Increased blood pressure (BP) variability is a cardiovascular risk marker for young individuals and may relate to the ability of their aorta to buffer cardiac output. We used a multimodality approach to determine relations between central and peripheral arterial stiffness and BP variability. METHODS: We studied 152 adults (mean age of 31 years) who had BP variability measures based on SD of awake ambulatory BPs, 24-h weighted SD and average real variability (ARV)...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830770/lineage-diversification-homo-and-heterologous-reassortment-and-recombination-shape-the-evolution-of-chicken-orthoreoviruses
#10
Szilvia L Farkas, Szilvia Marton, Eszter Dandár, Renáta Kugler, Bence Gál, Ferenc Jakab, Ádám Bálint, Sándor Kecskeméti, Krisztián Bányai
The near complete genome sequences of ten field avian orthoreovirus (ARV) strains collected from young chicken between 2002 and 2011 in Hungary have been determined in order to explore the genetic diversity and evolutionary mechanisms affecting ARVs in this region. Sequence analyses and phylogenetic calculations revealed similar geographic distribution and distinct evolution in case of eight studied strains that were closely related to the recently described Hungarian strain T1781. The remaining two strains showed the highest similarity with the US origin AVS-B...
November 10, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27828875/antiretroviral-drug-use-in-a-cross-sectional-population-survey-in-africa-nimh-project-accept-hptn-043
#11
Jessica M Fogel, William Clarke, Michal Kulich, Estelle Piwowar-Manning, Autumn Breaud, Matthew T Olson, Mark A Marzinke, Oliver Laeyendecker, Agnès Fiamma, Deborah Donnell, Jessie K K Mbwambo, Linda Richter, Glenda Gray, Michael Sweat, Thomas J Coates, Susan H Eshleman
BACKGROUND: Antiretroviral (ARV) drug treatment benefits the treated individual and can prevent HIV transmission. We assessed ARV drug use in a community-randomized trial that evaluated the impact of behavioral interventions on HIV incidence. METHODS: Samples were collected in a cross-sectional survey after a 3-year intervention period. ARV drug testing was performed using samples from HIV-infected adults at four study sites (Zimbabwe; Tanzania; KwaZulu-Natal and Soweto, South Africa; survey period 2009-2011), using an assay that detects 20 ARV drugs (6 nucleoside/nucleotide reverse transcriptase inhibitors [NRTIs]; 3 non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors [NNRTIs]; 9 protease inhibitors; maraviroc; raltegravir)...
November 3, 2016: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27805572/reporting-on-the-prevalence-of-antiretroviral-drug-resistance-in-a-regional-hiv-population-over-20-years-a-word-of-caution
#12
Victoria C Gill, Tarah Lynch, Soheil Ramazani, Hartmut B Krentz
BACKGROUND: Failure to achieve complete viral suppression with antiretroviral drugs (ARV) may lead to uncontrolled HIV replication, ARV resistance, and negative outcomes. Monitoring and reporting of HIV resistance trends is important but problematic. We examined prevalent resistance rates in a HIV population over 20 years and document how rates may appear to vary dramatically based solely on which parameters are utilized. METHODS: We determined the annual use of GART (genotypic antiretroviral resistance testing) from 1995 to 2014 for all patients receiving HIV care in southern Alberta, Canada, and the presence of resistance mutations in those tested...
November 2, 2016: Antiviral Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27805044/a-novel-enzyme-with-antioxidant-capacity-produced-by-the-ubiquitous-skin-colonizer-propionibacterium-acnes
#13
Maria Allhorn, Sabine Arve, Holger Brüggemann, Rolf Lood
The role of the skin microbiota in human health is poorly understood. Here, we identified and characterized a novel antioxidant enzyme produced by the skin microbiota, designated RoxP for radical oxygenase of Propionibacterium acnes. RoxP is uniquely produced by the predominant skin bacterium P. acnes, with no homologs in other bacteria; it is highly expressed and strongly secreted into culture supernatants. We show that RoxP binds heme, reduces free radicals, and can protect molecules from oxidation. Strikingly, RoxP is crucial for the survival of P...
November 2, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27800078/-molecular-tests-in-diagnosis-of-cytomegalovirus-cmv-human-herpesvirus-6-hhv-6-and-epstein-barr-virus-ebv-using-real-time-pcr-in-hiv-positive-and-hiv-negative-pregnant-women-in-ouagadougou-burkina-faso
#14
Alice Rogomenoma Ouedraogo, Madeleine Kabre, Cyrille Bisseye, Théodora Mahoukèdè Zohoncon, Maleki Asshi, Serge Théophile Soubeiga, Birama Diarra, Lassina Traore, Florencia Wendkuuni Djigma, Djénéba Ouermi, Virginio Pietra, Nicolas Barro, Jacques Simpore
INTRODUCTION: Herpesvirus EBV, CMV and HHV-6 are viruses that evolve based on pandemic modeling and are responsible for congenital infections causing severe sequelae in infants. This study aims to determine the prevalence of CMV, EBV and HHV-6 among HIV (+) and HIV (-) pregnant women in Ouagadougou. METHODS: In this study 200 blood plasma samples taken from pregnant women, of whom 100 with HIV(+) and 100 with HIV(-), were analyzed using multiplex real-time PCR which detected three infections (EBV, CMV and HHV-6)...
2016: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27784302/addressing-the-intersection-between-alcohol-consumption-and-antiretroviral-treatment-needs-assessment-and-design-of-interventions-for-primary-healthcare-workers-the-western-cape-south-africa
#15
M Schneider, M Chersich, M Temmerman, C D Parry
BACKGROUND: At the points where an infectious disease and risk factors for poor health intersect, while health problems may be compounded, there is also an opportunity to provide health services. Where human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection and alcohol consumption intersect include infection with HIV, onward transmission of HIV, impact on HIV and acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) disease progression, and premature death. The levels of knowledge and attitudes relating to the health and treatment outcomes of HIV and AIDS and the concurrent consumption of alcohol need to be determined...
October 26, 2016: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27781100/how-can-we-achieve-universal-access-to-low-cost-treatment-for-hiv
#16
EDITORIAL
Andrew M Hill, Anton L Pozniak
Mass production of low-cost antiretrovirals (ARVs) has already allowed over 17 million individuals to access treatment for HIV infection, mainly in low-income countries. It is possible to manufacture combination ARVs for $110 per person-year, using tenofovir (TDF), lamivudine (3TC) and efavirenz (EFV). New combinations of ARVs costing as little as $60 per person-year will be available in the near future. Pre-exposure prophylaxis using TDF in combination with either 3TC or emtricitabine (FTC) could also be provided for less than $90 per person-year...
October 5, 2016: Journal of Virus Eradication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27779200/prevalence-of-integrase-strand-transfer-inhibitors-insti-resistance-mutations-in-taiwan
#17
Sui-Yuan Chang, Pi-Han Lin, Chien-Lin Cheng, Mao-Yuan Chen, Hsin-Yun Sun, Szu-Min Hsieh, Wang-Huei Sheng, Yi-Ching Su, Li-Hsin Su, Shu-Fang Chang, Wen-Chun Liu, Chien-Ching Hung, Shan-Chwen Chang
Antiretroviral therapy containing an integrase strand transfer inhibitor (INSTI) plus two NRTIs has become the recommended treatment for antiretroviral-naive HIV-1-infected patients in the updated guidelines. We aimed to determine the prevalence of INSTI-related mutations in Taiwan. Genotypic resistance assays were performed on plasma from ARV-naïve patients (N = 948), ARV-experienced but INSTI-naive patients (N = 359), and raltegravir-experienced patients (N = 63) from 2006 to 2015. Major INSTI mutations were defined according to the IAS-USA list and other substitutions with a Stanford HIVdb score ≧ 10 to at least one INSTI were defined as minor mutations...
October 25, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27777797/pharmacokinetic-pharmacogenetic-and-other-factors-influencing-cns-penetration-of-antiretrovirals
#18
Jacinta Nwamaka Nwogu, Qing Ma, Chinedum Peace Babalola, Waheed Adeola Adedeji, Gene D Morse, Babafemi Taiwo
Neurological complications associated with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) are a matter of great concern. While antiretroviral (ARV) drugs are the cornerstone of HIV treatment and typically produce neurological benefit, some ARV drugs have limited CNS penetration while others have been associated with neurotoxicity. CNS penetration is a function of several factors including sieving role of blood-brain and blood-CSF barriers and activity of innate drug transporters. Other factors are related to pharmacokinetics and pharmacogenetics of the specific ARV agent or mediated by drug interactions, local inflammation, and blood flow...
2016: AIDS Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27771050/progress-in-formulation-based-approaches-for-antiretrovirals
#19
Ameya R Kirtane, Robert Langer, Giovanni Traverso
The human immunodeficiency virus has infected millions of people and the epidemic continues to grow rapidly in some parts of the world. Antiretroviral (ARV) therapy has provided improved treatment and prolonged the life expectancy of patients. Moreover, there is growing interest in using ARVs to protect against new infections. Hence, ARVs have emerged as our primary strategy in combating the virus. Unfortunately, several challenges limit the optimal performance of these drugs. First, ARVs often require life-long use and complex dosing regimens...
October 19, 2016: Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27767362/elvitegravir-for-the-treatment-of-hiv
#20
Nathan R Unger, Marylee V Worley, Jamie J Kisgen, Elizabeth M Sherman, Lindsey M Childs-Kean
Current antiretrovirals (ARVs) have demonstrated the ability to prolong the life of an HIV infected individual via suppression of the virus and subsequent restoration of immune function. Despite significant advancement, there remains an opportunity for improvement. One ARV that attempts to fill global HIV therapeutic needs by balancing convenience, safety, and efficacy is elvitegravir (EVG). Areas covered: Using MEDLINE/PubMed, a literature search was conducted for published articles on the safety and efficacy of EVG in the treatment of HIV infection...
October 31, 2016: Expert Opinion on Pharmacotherapy
keyword
keyword
47170
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"