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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483026/influencing-factors-of-stunting-in-children-under-5-years-old-in-jilin-province-2013
#1
Ying Wang, Yonghuan He, Qijun Zhang, Qiuyan Wang, Xinglin Feng
Objective To analyze the influencing factors of stunting in children under 5 years old in Jilin province in 2013,with an attempt to further improve the nutrition status among children. Methods Data on stunting in children under 5 years old in Jilin province were extracted from the National Health Services Survey 2013 in Jilin province. The influencing factors of stunting were analyzed by using univariate analysis and Logistic regression analysis.. Results The stunting prevalence in children under 5 years old was 23...
April 20, 2017: Zhongguo Yi Xue Ke Xue Yuan Xue Bao. Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28452787/nutrient-recovery-from-airplane-wastewater-composition-treatment-and-ecotoxicological-assay
#2
Jorge Luiz da Paixão Filho, Adriano Luiz Tonetti, Martha Tavanielli Guimarães, Dailto Silva
For the 2014 World Cup and the 2016 Olympic Games, Brazil has expanded its airport infrastructure. This will lead to an increase in wastewater generation from aircrafts. This wastewater is traditionally taken from the aircrafts and disposed in the public sewage collection system. However, this residual water may have a different composition than the usual sanitary sewage. Therefore, it is important to study an alternative to treat this kind of wastewater. Thus, the objective of this study was to characterize and analyze the treatment of wastewater from airplane toilets through chemical precipitation for the removal of ammonia in the form of struvite...
April 2017: Water Science and Technology: a Journal of the International Association on Water Pollution Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434632/obesity-and-lower-urinary-tract-dysfunction-in-children-and-adolescents-further-research-into-new-relationships
#3
L G A Fraga, A Sampaio, N Boa-Sorte, M L Veiga, A A Nascimento Martinelli Braga, U Barroso
INTRODUCTION: Lower urinary tract dysfunction (LUTD) involves faults in the filling and emptying phases of bladder function in toilet-trained children with no previous infection or any other obvious pathology. Lower urinary tract dysfunction is associated with conditions such as vesicoureteral reflux, recurrent urinary infection, behavioral alterations and decreased quality of life. The literature suggests an association between LUTD and obesity; however, the association between each individual symptom and obesity has yet to be evaluated...
April 2, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385163/interruption-of-schistosomiasis-transmission-in-mountainous-and-hilly-regions-with-an-integrated-strategy-a-longitudinal-case-study-in-sichuan-china
#4
Yang Liu, Bo Zhong, Zi-Song Wu, Song Liang, Dong-Chuan Qiu, Xiao Ma
BACKGROUND: Schistosomiasis remains a major public health concern in China. Since 2004, an integrated strategy was developed to control the transmission of Schistosoma japonicum in China. However, the long-term effectiveness of this integrated strategy for the interruption of schistosomiasis transmission remains unknown in the mountainous and hilly regions of China until now. This longitudinal study aims to evaluate the effectiveness of the integrated strategy on transmission interruption of schistosomiasis in Sichuan Province from 2005 through 2014...
April 7, 2017: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374081/bacterial-contamination-of-ultrasound-probes-in-different-radiological-institutions-before-and-after-specific-hygiene-training-do-we-have-a-general-hygienical-problem
#5
Thomas Sartoretti, Elisabeth Sartoretti, Candid Bucher, Aleksis Doert, Christoph Binkert, Klaus Hergan, Matthias Meissnitzer, Johannes Froehlich, Orpheus Kolokythas, Simon Matoori, Christina Orasch, Sebastian Kos, Sabine Sartoretti-Schefer, Andreas Gutzeit
OBJECTIVES: Aim was to investigate hygienic conditions of ultrasound probes before and after hygiene training in radiology institutions in comparison to bacterial contamination in public places. METHODS: In three radiology departments, bacterial contamination was evaluated using baseline agar plates for cultures taken from 36 ultrasound probes. Afterwards teams were trained by a hygiene service centre and 36 ultrasound probes were routinely disinfected with regular disinfecting wipes and then evaluated...
April 3, 2017: European Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28352207/improving-urban-environment-through-public-commitment-toward-the-implementation-of-clean-and-healthy-living-behaviors
#6
Nurul Hartini, Atika Dian Ariana, Triana Kesuma Dewi, Afif Kurniawan
BACKGROUND: Some parts of northern Surabaya are slum areas with dense populations, and the majority of the inhabitants are from low-income families. The condition of these areas is seemingly different from the fact that Surabaya city has won awards for its cleanliness, healthy environment preservation, and maintenance. AIM: This study aimed at turning the researched site into a clean and healthy environment. METHODS: The research was conducted using a quasi-experiment technique with a non-randomized design and pretest-posttest procedures...
2017: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302147/soil-transmitted-helminths-and-plasmodium-falciparum-malaria-among-individuals-living-in-different-agroecosystems-in-two-rural-communities-in-the-mount-cameroon-area-a-cross-sectional-study
#7
Irene Ule Ngole Sumbele, Gladys Belanka Nkemnji, Helen Kuokuo Kimbi
BACKGROUND: Soil-transmitted helminths (STHs) and Plasmodium falciparum infections remain public health problems in Cameroon. A cross-sectional study was carried out in the Mount Cameroon area to determine the prevalence and intensity of STHs and P. falciparum infections in individuals living in different agroecosystems; to assess the influence of these infections on haematological parameters; and to identify the risk factors associated with STH infections. METHODS: STH and malaria parasites were detected using the Kato-Katz method and Giemsa staining of blood films, respectively...
March 16, 2017: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270388/does-household-access-to-improved-water-and-sanitation-in-infancy-and-childhood-predict-better-vocabulary-test-performance-in-ethiopian-indian-peruvian-and-vietnamese-cohort-studies
#8
Kirk A Dearden, Alana T Brennan, Jere R Behrman, Whitney Schott, Benjamin T Crookston, Debbie L Humphries, Mary E Penny, Lia C H Fernald
OBJECTIVE: Test associations between household water and sanitation (W&S) and children's concurrent and subsequent Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test (PPVT) scores. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: Ethiopia, India, Peru, Vietnam. PARTICIPANTS: 7269 children. PRIMARY OUTCOME MEASURES: PPVT scores at 5 and 8 years. Key exposure variables were related to W&S, and collected at 1, 5 and 8 years, including 'improved' water (eg, piped, public tap or standpipe) and 'improved' toilets (eg, collection, storage, treatment and recycling of human excreta)...
March 7, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220822/pulmonary-outcomes-following-specialized-respiratory-management-for-acute-cervical-spinal-cord-injury-a-retrospective-analysis
#9
E C Zakrasek, J L Nielson, J J Kosarchuk, J D Crew, A R Ferguson, S L McKenna
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective analysis. OBJECTIVES: To identify multivariate interactions of respiratory function that are sensitive to spinal cord injury level and pharmacological treatment to promote strategies that increase successful liberation from mechanical ventilation. SETTING: United States regional spinal cord injury (SCI) treatment center. METHODS: Retrospective chart review of patients consecutively admitted to Santa Clara Valley Medical Center between May 2013 and December 2014 for ventilator weaning with C1-C5 American Spinal Injury Association Impairment Scale (AIS) A or B SCI, <3 months from injury and who had a tracheostomy in place...
February 21, 2017: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194090/prevalence-and-characterization-of-salmonella-among-humans-in-ghana
#10
Linda Aurelia Andoh, Shabana Ahmed, John Elmerdahl Olsen, Kwasi Obiri-Danso, Mercy Jemima Newman, Japheth Awuletey Opintan, Lisa Barco, Anders Dalsgaard
BACKGROUND: Non-typhoidal Salmonella (NTS) is a public health problem worldwide and particularly in Africa with high disease burden. This study characterized Salmonella isolates from humans in Ghana to determine serovar distribution, phage types, and antimicrobial resistance. Further, the clonal relatedness among isolates was determined. METHODS: One hundred and thirty-seven Salmonella isolates (111 clinical and 26 public toilet) were characterized using standard serotyping, phage typing, and antimicrobial susceptibility testing methods...
2017: Tropical Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28128924/safely-managed-sanitation-for-all-means-fecal-sludge-management-for-at-least-1-8-billion-people-in-low-and-middle-income-countries
#11
David M Berendes, Trent A Sumner, Joe M Brown
Although global access to sanitation is increasing, safe management of fecal waste is a rapidly growing challenge in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). The goal of this study was to evaluate the current need for fecal sludge management (FSM) in LMICs by region, urban/rural status, and wealth. Recent Demographic and Health Survey data from 58 countries (847 685 surveys) were used to classify households by sanitation facility (facilities needing FSM, sewered facilities, ecological sanitation/other, or no facilities)...
February 14, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28115503/a-community-survey-of-antibiotic-consumption-among-children-in-madagascar-and-senegal-the-importance-of-healthcare-access-and-care-quality
#12
Michael Padget, Jeanne Tamarelle, Perlinot Herindrainy, Awa Ndir, Fatoumata Diene Sarr, Vincent Richard, Patrice Piola, Didier Guillemot, Elisabeth Delarocque-Astagneau
BACKGROUND: Antibiotic resistance is growing in low-income countries (LICs). Children in LICs are particularly at risk. Information on antibiotic consumption is needed to control the development and spread of resistant bacteria. METHODS: To measure antibiotic consumption and related factors, a community survey was undertaken in two sites in Madagascar (Antananarivo and Moramanga) and in Senegal (Guediawaye) among children under 2. Face-to-face interviews were conducted with parents or caregivers of eligible children...
February 2017: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099660/socioeconomic-hygienic-and-sanitation-factors-in-reducing-diarrhea-in-the-amazon
#13
Katiuscia Shirota Imada, Thiago Santos de Araújo, Pascoal Torres Muniz, Valter Lúcio de Pádua
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the contributions of the socioeconomic, hygienic, and sanitation improvements in reducing the prevalence of diarrhea in a city of the Amazon. METHODS: In this population-based cross-sectional study, we analyzed data from surveys conducted in the city of Jordão, Acre. In 2005 and 2012, these surveys evaluated, respectively, 466 and 826 children under five years old. Questionnaires were applied on the socioeconomic conditions, construction of houses, food and hygienic habits, and environmental sanitation...
December 22, 2016: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096256/chronic-symptoms-in-a-representative-sample-of-community-dwelling-older-people-a-cross-sectional-study-in-switzerland
#14
Yves Henchoz, Christophe Büla, Idris Guessous, Nicolas Rodondi, René Goy, Maurice Demont, Brigitte Santos-Eggimann
OBJECTIVES: The burden of multiple diagnoses is well documented in older people, but less is known about chronic symptoms, many of which are even not brought to medical attention. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of chronic symptoms, their relationships with disability in basic activities of daily living (BADL) and quality of life (QoL), and their public health impact. DESIGN: A large cross-sectional population-based study. SETTING: Community in 2 regions of French-speaking Switzerland...
January 17, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095446/neglected-intestinal-parasites-malnutrition-and-associated-key-factors-a-population-based-cross-sectional-study-among-indigenous-communities-in-sarawak-malaysia
#15
Yamuna Rajoo, Stephen Ambu, Yvonne Ai Lian Lim, Komalaveni Rajoo, Siew Chang Tey, Chan Woon Lu, Romano Ngui
Intestinal parasitic infections (IPIs) have been recognized as one of the most significant causes of illness among disadvantaged communities. Many studies have been conducted on the prevalence of IPIs in Malaysia. However, these studies mostly focused on the indigenous groups in Peninsular Malaysia. The present study was conducted to provide the current baseline data on prevalence of IPIs, anaemia, malnutrition and associated risk factors among the indigenous communities in Sarawak, situation at northwest Borneo island of Malaysia...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056885/working-conditions-and-public-health-risks-in-slaughterhouses-in-western-kenya
#16
Elizabeth Anne Jessie Cook, William Anson de Glanville, Lian Francesca Thomas, Samuel Kariuki, Barend Mark de Clare Bronsvoort, Eric Maurice Fèvre
BACKGROUND: Inadequate facilities and hygiene at slaughterhouses can result in contamination of meat and occupational hazards to workers. The objectives of this study were to assess current conditions in slaughterhouses in western Kenya and the knowledge, and practices of the slaughterhouse workers toward hygiene and sanitation. METHODS: Between February and October 2012 all consenting slaughterhouses in the study area were recruited. A standardised questionnaire relating to facilities and practices in the slaughterhouse was administered to the foreperson at each site...
January 5, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993095/personnel-dose-reduction-in-90-y-microspheres-liver-directed-radioembolization-from-interventional-radiology-suite-to-patient-ward
#17
Martin Law, K K Wong, W K Tso, Victor Lee, M Y Luk, C C Tong, Ferdinand Chu
OBJECTIVE: To describe a method to reduce the external radiation exposure emitted from the patient after liver-directed radioembolization using (90)Y glass microspheres, to quantitatively estimate the occupational dose of medical personnel providing patient care to the patient radioembolized with the use of the method and to discuss radiation exposure to patients who are adjacent if the patient radioembolized needs hospitalization. METHODS: A lead-lined blanket of lead equivalence of 0...
March 2017: British Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27976647/case-profile-volume-analysis-and-dropout-rate-of-antirabies-vaccination-regimens-among-animal-bite-victims-in-gujarat
#18
Kishor M Dhaduk, Sumit V Unadkat, Pooja R Katharotiya, Ankit R Mer, Monika C Chaudhary, Mrudul M Prajapati
BACKGROUND: Rabies is a preventable neglected public health problem and associated with multiple cultural, religious, and social practices, myths in our country. There is a lack of organized surveillance system to measure the incidence of animal bite and human rabies as well as to evaluate cost-saving of different routes, regimen, and types of antirabies vaccines (ARV)/immunoglobulin available in India. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study is to know dropout rate in intradermal (i...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917016/the-portapotty-experiment-neoliberal-approaches-to-the-intertwined-epidemics-of-opioid-related-overdose-and-hiv-hcv-and-why-we-need-cultural-anthropologists-in-the-south-bronx
#19
Brett Wolfson-Stofko, Ric Curtis, Faustino Fuentes, Ed Manchess, Alexis Del Rio-Cumba, Alex S Bennett
The following report from the field focuses on the authors' collective efforts to operate an ad hoc safer injection facility (SIF) out of portapotties (portable toilets) in an area of the South Bronx that has consistently experienced some of the highest overdose morbidity and mortality rates in New York City over the past decade (New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, 2011, 2015, 2016). Safer injection facilities (also known as supervised injection facilities, drug consumption rooms, etc.) operating outside the US provide a legal, hygienic, and supervised environment for individuals to use drugs in order to minimize the likelihood of fatal overdose and the spread of blood-borne infections while reducing public injection...
December 2016: Dialectical Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871241/prevalence-antimicrobial-susceptibility-patterns-and-associated-risk-factors-of-shigella-and-salmonella-among-food-handlers-in-arba-minch-university-south-ethiopia
#20
Mohammedaman Mama, Getaneh Alemu
BACKGROUND: The availability of safe food improves health of the people that contributes to productivity and provides an effective platform for development and poverty alleviation. On the other hand, unsafe food handling and processing can serve as a vehicle for the transmission of a variety of disease causing agents. The risk of food getting contaminated depends largely on the health status of the food handlers, their personal hygiene, knowledge and practice of food hygiene. Food borne diseases are therefore a public health problem in developed and developing countries which is also true for Ethiopia...
November 21, 2016: BMC Infectious Diseases
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