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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679422/prevalence-of-diarrhoea-and-risk-factors-among-children-under-five-years-old-in-mbour-senegal-a-cross-sectional-study
#1
Sokhna Thiam, Aminata N Diène, Samuel Fuhrimann, Mirko S Winkler, Ibrahima Sy, Jacques A Ndione, Christian Schindler, Penelope Vounatsou, Jürg Utzinger, Ousmane Faye, Guéladio Cissé
BACKGROUND: Diarrhoeal diseases remain an important cause of mortality and morbidity among children, particularly in low- and middle-income countries. In Senegal, diarrhoea is responsible for 15% of all deaths in children under the age of five and is the third leading cause of childhood deaths. For targeted planning and implementation of prevention strategies, a context-specific understanding of the determinants of diarrhoeal diseases is needed. The aim of this study was to identify risk factors of diarrhoeal diseases in children under the age of five in Mbour, Senegal...
July 6, 2017: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670508/a-unified-framework-for-developing-effective-hygiene-procedures-for-hands-environmental-surfaces-and-laundry-in-healthcare-domestic-food-handling-and-other-settings
#2
REVIEW
Sally F Bloomfield, Philip C Carling, Martin Exner
Hygiene procedures for hands, surfaces and fabrics are central to preventing spread of infection in settings including healthcare, food production, catering, agriculture, public settings, and home and everyday life. They are used in situations including hand hygiene, clinical procedures, decontamination of environmental surfaces, respiratory hygiene, food handling, laundry hygiene, toilet hygiene and so on. Although the principles are common to all, approaches currently used in different settings are inconsistent...
2017: GMS Hygiene and Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652937/primary-health-clinic-toilet-bathroom-surface-swab-sampling-can-indicate-community-profile-of-sexually-transmitted-infections
#3
Philip M Giffard, Jiunn-Yih Su, Patiyan Andersson, Deborah C Holt
BACKGROUND: The microbiome of built environment surfaces is impacted by the presence of humans. In this study, we tested the hypothesis that analysis of surface swabs from clinic toilet/bathroom yields results correlated with sexually transmitted infection (STI) notifications from corresponding human populations. We extended a previously reported study in which surfaces in toilet/bathroom facilities in primary health clinics in the Australian Northern Territory (NT) were swabbed then tested for nucleic acid from the STI agents Chlamydia trachomatis, Neisseria gonorrhoeae and Trichomonas vaginalis...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652822/anemia-in-pregnancy-in-western-jamaica
#4
Saidah Wright, Dominique Earland, Swati Sakhuja, Anna Junkins, Sarah Franklin, Luz Padilla, Maung Aung, Pauline E Jolly
BACKGROUND: Anemia is one of the most prevalent problems in pregnancy. In 2011, 29.9% of all pregnant women in Jamaica were diagnosed with anemia. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence and predictors of anemia in pregnancy in Western Jamaica. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 293 mothers attending post-natal clinics in Western Jamaica. A questionnaire was administered to the mothers, and an abstraction form was used to collect clinical data from the mothers' records...
2017: International Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578479/vulnerability-associated-with-symptoms-similar-to-those-of-mercury-poisoning-in-communities-from-xingu-river-amazon-basin
#5
Flávio Mnaoel Rodrigues Da Silva-Junior, Ritta M Oleinski, Antonia E S Azevedo, Kátia C M C Monroe, Marina Dos Santos, Tatiane Britto Da Silveira, Adrianne Maria Netto De Oliveira, Maria Cristina Flores Soares, Tatiana Da Silva Pereira
The Brazilian Amazon is known to be a region with high levels of mercury (Hg) in the environment and studies point to an association between high levels of natural mercury in the mother rock and the vast number of clandestine gold mines. Other studies already report the contamination of fish in this region, as well as high levels of Hg in biological material from environmentally exposed populations. On the other hand, this is one of the least developed regions of the planet and it is necessary to understand the vulnerability factors in these populations that may be intoxicated by this element...
June 3, 2017: Environmental Geochemistry and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483026/influencing-factors-of-stunting-in-children-under-5-years-old-in-jilin-province-2013
#6
Ying Wang, Yonghuan He, Qijun Zhang, Qiuyan Wang, Xinglin Feng
Objective To analyze the influencing factors of stunting in children under 5 years old in Jilin province in 2013,with an attempt to further improve the nutrition status among children. Methods Data on stunting in children under 5 years old in Jilin province were extracted from the National Health Services Survey 2013 in Jilin province. The influencing factors of stunting were analyzed by using univariate analysis and Logistic regression analysis.. Results The stunting prevalence in children under 5 years old was 23...
April 20, 2017: Zhongguo Yi Xue Ke Xue Yuan Xue Bao. Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28452787/nutrient-recovery-from-airplane-wastewater-composition-treatment-and-ecotoxicological-assay
#7
Jorge Luiz da Paixão Filho, Adriano Luiz Tonetti, Martha Tavanielli Guimarães, Dailto Silva
For the 2014 World Cup and the 2016 Olympic Games, Brazil has expanded its airport infrastructure. This will lead to an increase in wastewater generation from aircrafts. This wastewater is traditionally taken from the aircrafts and disposed in the public sewage collection system. However, this residual water may have a different composition than the usual sanitary sewage. Therefore, it is important to study an alternative to treat this kind of wastewater. Thus, the objective of this study was to characterize and analyze the treatment of wastewater from airplane toilets through chemical precipitation for the removal of ammonia in the form of struvite...
April 2017: Water Science and Technology: a Journal of the International Association on Water Pollution Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434632/obesity-and-lower-urinary-tract-dysfunction-in-children-and-adolescents-further-research-into-new-relationships
#8
L G A Fraga, A Sampaio, N Boa-Sorte, M L Veiga, A A Nascimento Martinelli Braga, U Barroso
INTRODUCTION: Lower urinary tract dysfunction (LUTD) involves faults in the filling and emptying phases of bladder function in toilet-trained children with no previous infection or any other obvious pathology. Lower urinary tract dysfunction is associated with conditions such as vesicoureteral reflux, recurrent urinary infection, behavioral alterations and decreased quality of life. The literature suggests an association between LUTD and obesity; however, the association between each individual symptom and obesity has yet to be evaluated...
April 2, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385163/interruption-of-schistosomiasis-transmission-in-mountainous-and-hilly-regions-with-an-integrated-strategy-a-longitudinal-case-study-in-sichuan-china
#9
Yang Liu, Bo Zhong, Zi-Song Wu, Song Liang, Dong-Chuan Qiu, Xiao Ma
BACKGROUND: Schistosomiasis remains a major public health concern in China. Since 2004, an integrated strategy was developed to control the transmission of Schistosoma japonicum in China. However, the long-term effectiveness of this integrated strategy for the interruption of schistosomiasis transmission remains unknown in the mountainous and hilly regions of China until now. This longitudinal study aims to evaluate the effectiveness of the integrated strategy on transmission interruption of schistosomiasis in Sichuan Province from 2005 through 2014...
April 7, 2017: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374081/bacterial-contamination-of-ultrasound-probes-in-different-radiological-institutions-before-and-after-specific-hygiene-training-do-we-have-a-general-hygienical-problem
#10
Thomas Sartoretti, Elisabeth Sartoretti, Candid Bucher, Aleksis Doert, Christoph Binkert, Klaus Hergan, Matthias Meissnitzer, Johannes Froehlich, Orpheus Kolokythas, Simon Matoori, Christina Orasch, Sebastian Kos, Sabine Sartoretti-Schefer, Andreas Gutzeit
OBJECTIVES: Aim was to investigate hygienic conditions of ultrasound probes before and after hygiene training in radiology institutions in comparison to bacterial contamination in public places. METHODS: In three radiology departments, bacterial contamination was evaluated using baseline agar plates for cultures taken from 36 ultrasound probes. Afterwards teams were trained by a hygiene service centre and 36 ultrasound probes were routinely disinfected with regular disinfecting wipes and then evaluated...
April 3, 2017: European Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28352207/improving-urban-environment-through-public-commitment-toward-the-implementation-of-clean-and-healthy-living-behaviors
#11
Nurul Hartini, Atika Dian Ariana, Triana Kesuma Dewi, Afif Kurniawan
BACKGROUND: Some parts of northern Surabaya are slum areas with dense populations, and the majority of the inhabitants are from low-income families. The condition of these areas is seemingly different from the fact that Surabaya city has won awards for its cleanliness, healthy environment preservation, and maintenance. AIM: This study aimed at turning the researched site into a clean and healthy environment. METHODS: The research was conducted using a quasi-experiment technique with a non-randomized design and pretest-posttest procedures...
2017: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302147/soil-transmitted-helminths-and-plasmodium-falciparum-malaria-among-individuals-living-in-different-agroecosystems-in-two-rural-communities-in-the-mount-cameroon-area-a-cross-sectional-study
#12
Irene Ule Ngole Sumbele, Gladys Belanka Nkemnji, Helen Kuokuo Kimbi
BACKGROUND: Soil-transmitted helminths (STHs) and Plasmodium falciparum infections remain public health problems in Cameroon. A cross-sectional study was carried out in the Mount Cameroon area to determine the prevalence and intensity of STHs and P. falciparum infections in individuals living in different agroecosystems; to assess the influence of these infections on haematological parameters; and to identify the risk factors associated with STH infections. METHODS: STH and malaria parasites were detected using the Kato-Katz method and Giemsa staining of blood films, respectively...
March 16, 2017: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270388/does-household-access-to-improved-water-and-sanitation-in-infancy-and-childhood-predict-better-vocabulary-test-performance-in-ethiopian-indian-peruvian-and-vietnamese-cohort-studies
#13
Kirk A Dearden, Alana T Brennan, Jere R Behrman, Whitney Schott, Benjamin T Crookston, Debbie L Humphries, Mary E Penny, Lia C H Fernald
OBJECTIVE: Test associations between household water and sanitation (W&S) and children's concurrent and subsequent Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test (PPVT) scores. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: Ethiopia, India, Peru, Vietnam. PARTICIPANTS: 7269 children. PRIMARY OUTCOME MEASURES: PPVT scores at 5 and 8 years. Key exposure variables were related to W&S, and collected at 1, 5 and 8 years, including 'improved' water (eg, piped, public tap or standpipe) and 'improved' toilets (eg, collection, storage, treatment and recycling of human excreta)...
March 7, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220822/pulmonary-outcomes-following-specialized-respiratory-management-for-acute-cervical-spinal-cord-injury-a-retrospective-analysis
#14
E C Zakrasek, J L Nielson, J J Kosarchuk, J D Crew, A R Ferguson, S L McKenna
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective analysis. OBJECTIVES: To identify multivariate interactions of respiratory function that are sensitive to spinal cord injury level and pharmacological treatment to promote strategies that increase successful liberation from mechanical ventilation. SETTING: United States regional spinal cord injury (SCI) treatment center. METHODS: Retrospective chart review of patients consecutively admitted to Santa Clara Valley Medical Center between May 2013 and December 2014 for ventilator weaning with C1-C5 American Spinal Injury Association Impairment Scale (AIS) A or B SCI, <3 months from injury and who had a tracheostomy in place...
June 2017: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194090/prevalence-and-characterization-of-salmonella-among-humans-in-ghana
#15
Linda Aurelia Andoh, Shabana Ahmed, John Elmerdahl Olsen, Kwasi Obiri-Danso, Mercy Jemima Newman, Japheth Awuletey Opintan, Lisa Barco, Anders Dalsgaard
BACKGROUND: Non-typhoidal Salmonella (NTS) is a public health problem worldwide and particularly in Africa with high disease burden. This study characterized Salmonella isolates from humans in Ghana to determine serovar distribution, phage types, and antimicrobial resistance. Further, the clonal relatedness among isolates was determined. METHODS: One hundred and thirty-seven Salmonella isolates (111 clinical and 26 public toilet) were characterized using standard serotyping, phage typing, and antimicrobial susceptibility testing methods...
2017: Tropical Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28128924/safely-managed-sanitation-for-all-means-fecal-sludge-management-for-at-least-1-8-billion-people-in-low-and-middle-income-countries
#16
David M Berendes, Trent A Sumner, Joe M Brown
Although global access to sanitation is increasing, safe management of fecal waste is a rapidly growing challenge in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). The goal of this study was to evaluate the current need for fecal sludge management (FSM) in LMICs by region, urban/rural status, and wealth. Recent Demographic and Health Survey data from 58 countries (847 685 surveys) were used to classify households by sanitation facility (facilities needing FSM, sewered facilities, ecological sanitation/other, or no facilities)...
March 7, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28115503/a-community-survey-of-antibiotic-consumption-among-children-in-madagascar-and-senegal-the-importance-of-healthcare-access-and-care-quality
#17
Michael Padget, Jeanne Tamarelle, Perlinot Herindrainy, Awa Ndir, Fatoumata Diene Sarr, Vincent Richard, Patrice Piola, Didier Guillemot, Elisabeth Delarocque-Astagneau
BACKGROUND: Antibiotic resistance is growing in low-income countries (LICs). Children in LICs are particularly at risk. Information on antibiotic consumption is needed to control the development and spread of resistant bacteria. METHODS: To measure antibiotic consumption and related factors, a community survey was undertaken in two sites in Madagascar (Antananarivo and Moramanga) and in Senegal (Guediawaye) among children under 2. Face-to-face interviews were conducted with parents or caregivers of eligible children...
February 2017: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099660/socioeconomic-hygienic-and-sanitation-factors-in-reducing-diarrhea-in-the-amazon
#18
Katiuscia Shirota Imada, Thiago Santos de Araújo, Pascoal Torres Muniz, Valter Lúcio de Pádua
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the contributions of the socioeconomic, hygienic, and sanitation improvements in reducing the prevalence of diarrhea in a city of the Amazon. METHODS: In this population-based cross-sectional study, we analyzed data from surveys conducted in the city of Jordão, Acre. In 2005 and 2012, these surveys evaluated, respectively, 466 and 826 children under five years old. Questionnaires were applied on the socioeconomic conditions, construction of houses, food and hygienic habits, and environmental sanitation...
December 22, 2016: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096256/chronic-symptoms-in-a-representative-sample-of-community-dwelling-older-people-a-cross-sectional-study-in-switzerland
#19
Yves Henchoz, Christophe Büla, Idris Guessous, Nicolas Rodondi, René Goy, Maurice Demont, Brigitte Santos-Eggimann
OBJECTIVES: The burden of multiple diagnoses is well documented in older people, but less is known about chronic symptoms, many of which are even not brought to medical attention. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of chronic symptoms, their relationships with disability in basic activities of daily living (BADL) and quality of life (QoL), and their public health impact. DESIGN: A large cross-sectional population-based study. SETTING: Community in 2 regions of French-speaking Switzerland...
January 17, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095446/neglected-intestinal-parasites-malnutrition-and-associated-key-factors-a-population-based-cross-sectional-study-among-indigenous-communities-in-sarawak-malaysia
#20
Yamuna Rajoo, Stephen Ambu, Yvonne Ai Lian Lim, Komalaveni Rajoo, Siew Chang Tey, Chan Woon Lu, Romano Ngui
Intestinal parasitic infections (IPIs) have been recognized as one of the most significant causes of illness among disadvantaged communities. Many studies have been conducted on the prevalence of IPIs in Malaysia. However, these studies mostly focused on the indigenous groups in Peninsular Malaysia. The present study was conducted to provide the current baseline data on prevalence of IPIs, anaemia, malnutrition and associated risk factors among the indigenous communities in Sarawak, situation at northwest Borneo island of Malaysia...
2017: PloS One
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