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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675047/menstrual-hygiene-management-and-waste-disposal-practices-and-challenges-faced-by-girls-women-of-developing-countries
#1
REVIEW
Rajanbir Kaur, Kanwaljit Kaur, Rajinder Kaur
Menstruation and menstrual practices still face many social, cultural, and religious restrictions which are a big barrier in the path of menstrual hygiene management. In many parts of the country especially in rural areas girls are not prepared and aware about menstruation so they face many difficulties and challenges at home, schools, and work places. While reviewing literature, we found that little, inaccurate, or incomplete knowledge about menstruation is a great hindrance in the path of personal and menstrual hygiene management...
2018: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663452/seroprevalence-and-risk-factors-of-hepatitis-e-virus-infection-among-pregnant-women-attending-antenatal-care-in-health-facilities-of-tigray-northern-ethiopia
#2
Selam Niguse, Haftamu Hailekiros, Gerezgiher Buruh, Tadese Dejene, Nega Berhe, Tsehaye Asmelash
Existing literatures from developing countries show an increased mortality and morbidity related to hepatitis E virus during pregnancy as compared to the general population. Studies focusing on pregnant women are required for policy makers to improve maternal and child health. Therefore this study is aimed at determining the prevalence and associated risk factors of hepatitis E virus infection among pregnant women attending the health facilities of Tigray region, Northern Ethiopia. In this cross sectional study 846 pregnant women were included consecutively from April 2014 to February 2016...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Medical Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642966/identifying-sociodemographic-programmatic-and-dietary-drivers-of-anaemia-reduction-in-pregnant-indian-women-over-10-years
#3
Suman Chakrabarti, Nitya George, Moutushi Majumder, Neha Raykar, Samuel Scott
OBJECTIVE: Anaemia is a major contributor to the global disease burden and half of pregnant women in India were anaemic in 2016. The aetiology of anaemia is complex, yet anaemia determinants are frequently examined in isolation. We sought to explore how shifts in sociodemographic (wealth, age at pregnancy, education, open defecation, cooking fuel type, household size), programmatic (iron-folic acid tablet consumption, antenatal care visits) and dietary factors (intake of Fe, folic acid, vitamin B12, phytate) predicted changes in anaemia prevalence...
April 12, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29598815/determinants-of-childhood-diarrhea-in-medebay-zana-district-northwest-tigray-ethiopia-a-community-based-unmatched-case-control-study
#4
Kiflom Fisseha Asfaha, Fessahaye Alemseged Tesfamichael, Gizienesh Kahsay Fisseha, Kebede Haile Misgina, Meresa Gebremedhin Weldu, Negassie Berhe Welehaweria, Yosef Sibhatu Gebregiorgis
BACKGROUND: Globally, childhood diarrhea is amongst the most prevalent health problems and accounts for 9% of all deaths in children under-five. In Ethiopia, childhood diarrhea is a major public health problem in which the prevalence ranges from 13.5 to 30.5% and experienced by multiple factors. Although health extension program has been implementing for couples of years; diarrheal disease remains the second cause of morbidity and continues an important public health problem in the study district...
March 29, 2018: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29559022/post-flood-rapid-needs-assessment-in-srinagar-city-jammu-and-kashmir-state-india-september-2014
#5
Rajesh Yadav, Dundaiah Somashekar, Samir V Sodha, Kayla F Laserson, Srinivasa Venkatesh, Himanshu Chauhan
OBJECTIVES: Torrential rainfall and flooding from September 2-6, 2014 submerged >350 villages in Jammu and Kashmir state. We conducted rapid needs assessment in capital Srinagar from 27 September to 1 October to assess population health and safety needs. METHODS: Based on Community Assessment for Public Health Emergency Response (CASPER) methodology, we selected 7 households each from 30 census blocks using 2-stage cluster sampling. We collected information on demographics, needs, and illnesses using structured questionnaire...
March 21, 2018: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29528044/implementation-and-process-analysis-of-pilot-scale-multi-phase-anaerobic-fermentation-and-digestion-of-faecal-sludge-in-ghana
#6
Justin Shih, Ato Fanyin-Martin, Edris Taher, Kartik Chandran
Background.  In Ghana, faecal sludge (FS) from on-site sanitation facilities is often discharged untreated into the environment, leading to significant insults to environmental and human health. Anaerobic digestion offers an attractive pathway for FS treatment with the concomitant production of energy in the form of methane. Another innovative option includes separating digestion into acidogenesis (production of volatile fatty acids (VFA)) and methanogenesis (production of methane), which could ultimately facilitate the production of an array of biofuels and biochemicals from the VFA...
November 6, 2017: Gates open research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29488947/innovative-sanitation-approaches-could-address-multiple-development-challenges
#7
Kim Andersson, Miriam Otoo, Marcelo Nolasco
Globally, more than 60% of the human population live without safely managed sanitation services or even lack access to basic sanitation facilities. In addition, most of the wastewater produced in the world is discharged without proper treatment. Integrated approaches are needed to address these issues and curb the resulting adverse impacts on public health and the environment, and associated societal economic losses. The United Nations 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development provides an important framework towards more sustainable sanitation development, in terms of both safe sanitation access and wastewater management...
February 2018: Water Science and Technology: a Journal of the International Association on Water Pollution Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29487624/patient-satisfaction-and-associated-factors-among-clients-admitted-to-obstetrics-and-gynecology-wards-of-public-hospitals-in-mekelle-town-ethiopia-an-institution-based-cross-sectional-study
#8
Taklu Marama, Hinsermu Bayu, Mulualem Merga, Wakgari Binu
Background: To improve the quality of services, satisfying patients is the primary goal of the Ethiopian reform programme. Objectives: To assess patient satisfaction and associated factors among clients admitted to obstetrics and gynecology wards of public hospitals in Mekelle town. Method : Institution-based cross-sectional study design was conducted on 413 participants using systematic sampling methods. Data were collected from March 9 to May 8, 2016, using structured questionnaires...
2018: Obstetrics and Gynecology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29465054/evaluation-of-the-school-environment-of-public-and-private-schools-in-enugu-to-ensure-child-health-promotion
#9
A I Bisi-Onyemaechi, N A Akani, A N Ikefuna, B N Tagbo, J M Chinawa
Objectives: Poor maintenance of school environment can cause or worsen illnesses among schoolchildren. The objective of this study was to assess the healthfulness of school environments of primary schools in Enugu East, Nigeria, and to compare the difference if any between public and private schools. Study Design: This was a cross-sectional noninterventional study of the school environments in Enugu East, Nigeria. Methods: Multistage sampling method was used to select the sample population...
February 2018: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445079/seropositivity-of-hepatitis-a-in-children-aged-7-14-years-in-diyarbakir-province-center
#10
Ayfer Gözü Pirinççioğlu, Salih Adıgüzel, Tuncer Özekinci
BACKGROUND Hepatitis A virus (HAV) is a common morbidity in society, and mortality is more common in older ages. It is important to identify the prevalence in the population, the development of primary protection methods, and vaccination policies. This study aimed to identify anti-HAV seropositivity in children in 3 different schools in Diyarbakır, Turkey, to evaluate the risk factors influencing prevalence, and thus to develop strategies to prevent infection. MATERIAL AND METHODS The study was a prospective investigation of 600 children with a mean age of 10...
February 15, 2018: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29424716/soil-transmitted-helminth-eggs-assessment-in-wastewater-in-an-urban-area-in-india
#11
Sonia Grego, Viswa Barani, Meghan Hegarty-Craver, Antony Raj, Prasanna Perumal, Adrian B Berg, Colleen Archer
Water quality and sanitation are inextricably linked to prevalence and control of soil-transmitted helminth infections, a public health concern in resource-limited settings. India bears a large burden of disease associated with poor sanitation. Transformative onsite sanitation technologies are being developed that feature elimination of pathogens including helminth eggs in wastewater treatment. We are conducting third-party testing of multiple sanitation technology systems in Coimbatore (Tamil Nadu) India. To ensure stringent testing of the pathogen removal ability of sanitation technologies, the presence of helminth eggs in wastewater across the town of Coimbatore was assessed...
February 2018: Journal of Water and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342306/prevalence-and-factors-associated-with-diarrhoea-among-children-between-6-and-59-months-of-age-in-mwanza-city-tanzania
#12
Silas Kabhele, Moses New-Aaron, Stephen Matthew Kibusi, Ainory P Gesase
Background: Childhood diarrhoea is a global public health problem especially in unplanned settlements of low- and middle-income countries. Different studies have associated household settlement and childhood diarrhoea, but the prevalence and risk factors associated with childhood diarrhoea at the community level are not clearly known. Method: A community-based cross-sectional study was performed to determine the prevalence and risk factors associated with diarrhoea in among 480 children between 6 and 59 months of age in Mwanza city from June to August 2016...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Tropical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329561/strongyloides-stercoralis-and-hookworm-co-infection-spatial-distribution-and-determinants-in-preah-vihear-province-cambodia
#13
Armelle Forrer, Virak Khieu, Fabian Schär, Penelope Vounatsou, Frédérique Chammartin, Hanspeter Marti, Sinuon Muth, Peter Odermatt
BACKGROUND: Strongyloides stercoralis and hookworm are two soil-transmitted helminths (STH) that are highly prevalent in Cambodia. Strongyloides stercoralis causes long-lasting infections and significant morbidity but is largely neglected, while hookworm causes the highest public health burden among STH. The two parasites have the same infection route, i.e. skin penetration. The extent of co-distribution, which could result in potential high co-morbidities, is unknown in highly endemic settings like Cambodia...
January 12, 2018: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322845/medication-disposal-practices-increasing-patient-and-clinician-education-on-safe-methods
#14
Gustavo Kinrys, Alexandra K Gold, John J Worthington, Andrew A Nierenberg
Recent research suggests that the nation's water supply is contaminated with trace pharmaceuticals that exert a negative environmental and public health impact. Incorrect medication disposal methods (e.g. flushing medications down the toilet or drain) are a significant factor contributing to the presence of medication compounds in the aquatic environment. In this commentary, we provide a summary of the existing data on pharmaceuticals in the nation's water as well as the role of improper medication disposal methods on water contamination...
March 2018: Journal of International Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228510/left-behind-and-left-out-the-impact-of-the-school-environment-on-young-people-with-continence-problems
#15
Katie Whale, Helen Cramer, Carol Joinson
OBJECTIVES: To explore the impact of the secondary school environment on young people with continence problems. DESIGN: In-depth qualitative semi-structured interviews. METHODS: We interviewed 20 young people aged 11-19 years (11 female and nine male) with continence problems (daytime wetting, bedwetting, and/or soiling). Interviews were conducted by Skype (n = 11) and telephone (n = 9). Transcripts were analysed using inductive thematic analysis...
December 11, 2017: British Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219129/utilization-of-safe-drinking-water-and-sanitary-facilities-in-slum-households-of-siliguri-west-bengal
#16
Ditipriya Bhar, Sharmistha Bhattacherjee, Abhijit Mukherjee, Tapas Kumar Sarkar, Samir Dasgupta
BACKGROUND: With the rapid expansion of urban population, provision of safe water and basic sanitation is becoming a challenge; especially in slums. This is adversely affecting the health of the people living in such areas. OBJECTIVES: The study was conducted to measure the proportion of households using improved drinking water and sanitation facilities and to determine the association between diarrhea in under-five children with water and sanitation facilities...
October 2017: Indian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29167825/an-epidemiological-survey-of-porcine-cysticercosis-in-nyasa-district-ruvuma-region-tanzania
#17
Seria M Shonyela, Ernatus M Mkupasi, Sikasunge C Sikalizyo, Evance M Kabemba, Helena A Ngowi, Isaac Phiri
Porcine cysticercosis (PC) caused by Taenia solium larvae is continuing being important zoonotic disease in many developing countries. It poses a serious public health risk and leads to economic losses to pig production industry. This study was carried out to determine the prevalence and risk factors associated with PC transmission in Nyasa District. To establish the prevalence of PC, a cross-sectional survey was conducted involving 698 pigs by tongue examination, 330 pigs by Ag-ELISA test and 22 pigs by meat inspection...
November 2017: Parasite Epidemiology and Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127535/predictors-of-hiv-testing-and-their-influence-on-prep-acceptance-in-men-who-have-sex-with-men-a-cross-sectional-study
#18
Tsz Ho Kwan, Shui Shan Lee
HIV testing is the gateway to biomedical means of prevention and treatment. Identifying predictors of HIV testing is important to inform future preventive interventions. Of 444 men who have sex with men without known HIV infection enrolled in a study in Hong Kong, 64% had ever been HIV-tested. Testers were generally older, better educated, had a higher monthly income, and more likely self-identified as gay. Testers often used Internet and frequented saunas for sex networking, compared with non-testers attending bars, massage centres and public toilets...
November 10, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120319/-it-makes-us-really-look-inferior-to-outsiders-coping-with-psychosocial-experiences-associated-with-the-lack-of-access-to-safe-water-and-sanitation
#19
Elijah Bisung, Susan J Elliott
OBJECTIVE: This paper explores daily experiences and coping resources related to the lack of access to safe water and adequate sanitation in Usoma, a lakeshore community in Western Kenya. METHODS: A qualitative approach that involved 10 focus group discussions and 9 key informant interviews with community leaders, volunteers and professionals was used to explore the research objectives. Data were collected from June to August 2013. RESULTS: Daily practices and experiences around water and sanitation, such as water collection, open defecation and shared toilets, were a major concern to residents...
November 9, 2017: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117031/risk-factors-for-falls-among-hospitalized-acute-post-ischemic-stroke-patients
#20
Robynn Cox, Beth Buckholtz, Cheryl Bradas, Victoria Bowden, Kathleen Kerber, Molly M McNett
BACKGROUND: Falls remain an important benchmarking indicator for hospitals. Research identifies factors associated with falls among hospitalized patients in general. Similarly, the stroke literature outlines fall risk factors in the inpatient rehabilitation and community setting. PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to identify prevalence and risk factors for falls among acute, hospitalized AIS patients within an urban public healthcare system. Secondary aims were to identify activities present at the time of the fall and outcomes associated with falling...
December 2017: Journal of Neuroscience Nursing: Journal of the American Association of Neuroscience Nurses
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