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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445079/seropositivity-of-hepatitis-a-in-children-aged-7-14-years-in-diyarbakir-province-center
#1
Ayfer Gözü Pirinççioğlu, Salih Adıgüzel, Tuncer Özekinci
BACKGROUND Hepatitis A virus (HAV) is a common morbidity in society, and mortality is more common in older ages. It is important to identify the prevalence in the population, the development of primary protection methods, and vaccination policies. This study aimed to identify anti-HAV seropositivity in children in 3 different schools in Diyarbakır, Turkey, to evaluate the risk factors influencing prevalence, and thus to develop strategies to prevent infection. MATERIAL AND METHODS The study was a prospective investigation of 600 children with a mean age of 10...
February 15, 2018: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29424716/soil-transmitted-helminth-eggs-assessment-in-wastewater-in-an-urban-area-in-india
#2
Sonia Grego, Viswa Barani, Meghan Hegarty-Craver, Antony Raj, Prasanna Perumal, Adrian B Berg, Colleen Archer
Water quality and sanitation are inextricably linked to prevalence and control of soil-transmitted helminth infections, a public health concern in resource-limited settings. India bears a large burden of disease associated with poor sanitation. Transformative onsite sanitation technologies are being developed that feature elimination of pathogens including helminth eggs in wastewater treatment. We are conducting third-party testing of multiple sanitation technology systems in Coimbatore (Tamil Nadu) India. To ensure stringent testing of the pathogen removal ability of sanitation technologies, the presence of helminth eggs in wastewater across the town of Coimbatore was assessed...
February 2018: Journal of Water and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342306/prevalence-and-factors-associated-with-diarrhoea-among-children-between-6-and-59-months-of-age-in-mwanza-city-tanzania
#3
Silas Kabhele, Moses New-Aaron, Stephen Matthew Kibusi, Ainory P Gesase
Background: Childhood diarrhoea is a global public health problem especially in unplanned settlements of low- and middle-income countries. Different studies have associated household settlement and childhood diarrhoea, but the prevalence and risk factors associated with childhood diarrhoea at the community level are not clearly known. Method: A community-based cross-sectional study was performed to determine the prevalence and risk factors associated with diarrhoea in among 480 children between 6 and 59 months of age in Mwanza city from June to August 2016...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Tropical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329561/strongyloides-stercoralis-and-hookworm-co-infection-spatial-distribution-and-determinants-in-preah-vihear-province-cambodia
#4
Armelle Forrer, Virak Khieu, Fabian Schär, Penelope Vounatsou, Frédérique Chammartin, Hanspeter Marti, Sinuon Muth, Peter Odermatt
BACKGROUND: Strongyloides stercoralis and hookworm are two soil-transmitted helminths (STH) that are highly prevalent in Cambodia. Strongyloides stercoralis causes long-lasting infections and significant morbidity but is largely neglected, while hookworm causes the highest public health burden among STH. The two parasites have the same infection route, i.e. skin penetration. The extent of co-distribution, which could result in potential high co-morbidities, is unknown in highly endemic settings like Cambodia...
January 12, 2018: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322845/medication-disposal-practices-increasing-patient-and-clinician-education-on-safe-methods
#5
Gustavo Kinrys, Alexandra K Gold, John J Worthington, Andrew A Nierenberg
Recent research suggests that the nation's water supply is contaminated with trace pharmaceuticals that exert a negative environmental and public health impact. Incorrect medication disposal methods (e.g. flushing medications down the toilet or drain) are a significant factor contributing to the presence of medication compounds in the aquatic environment. In this commentary, we provide a summary of the existing data on pharmaceuticals in the nation's water as well as the role of improper medication disposal methods on water contamination...
January 1, 2018: Journal of International Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228510/left-behind-and-left-out-the-impact-of-the-school-environment-on-young-people-with-continence-problems
#6
Katie Whale, Helen Cramer, Carol Joinson
OBJECTIVES: To explore the impact of the secondary school environment on young people with continence problems. DESIGN: In-depth qualitative semi-structured interviews. METHODS: We interviewed 20 young people aged 11-19 years (11 female and nine male) with continence problems (daytime wetting, bedwetting, and/or soiling). Interviews were conducted by Skype (n = 11) and telephone (n = 9). Transcripts were analysed using inductive thematic analysis...
December 11, 2017: British Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219129/utilization-of-safe-drinking-water-and-sanitary-facilities-in-slum-households-of-siliguri-west-bengal
#7
Ditipriya Bhar, Sharmistha Bhattacherjee, Abhijit Mukherjee, Tapas Kumar Sarkar, Samir Dasgupta
BACKGROUND: With the rapid expansion of urban population, provision of safe water and basic sanitation is becoming a challenge; especially in slums. This is adversely affecting the health of the people living in such areas. OBJECTIVES: The study was conducted to measure the proportion of households using improved drinking water and sanitation facilities and to determine the association between diarrhea in under-five children with water and sanitation facilities...
October 2017: Indian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29167825/an-epidemiological-survey-of-porcine-cysticercosis-in-nyasa-district-ruvuma-region-tanzania
#8
Seria M Shonyela, Ernatus M Mkupasi, Sikasunge C Sikalizyo, Evance M Kabemba, Helena A Ngowi, Isaac Phiri
Porcine cysticercosis (PC) caused by Taenia solium larvae is continuing being important zoonotic disease in many developing countries. It poses a serious public health risk and leads to economic losses to pig production industry. This study was carried out to determine the prevalence and risk factors associated with PC transmission in Nyasa District. To establish the prevalence of PC, a cross-sectional survey was conducted involving 698 pigs by tongue examination, 330 pigs by Ag-ELISA test and 22 pigs by meat inspection...
November 2017: Parasite Epidemiology and Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127535/predictors-of-hiv-testing-and-their-influence-on-prep-acceptance-in-men-who-have-sex-with-men-a-cross-sectional-study
#9
Tsz Ho Kwan, Shui Shan Lee
HIV testing is the gateway to biomedical means of prevention and treatment. Identifying predictors of HIV testing is important to inform future preventive interventions. Of 444 men who have sex with men without known HIV infection enrolled in a study in Hong Kong, 64% had ever been HIV-tested. Testers were generally older, better educated, had a higher monthly income, and more likely self-identified as gay. Testers often used Internet and frequented saunas for sex networking, compared with non-testers attending bars, massage centres and public toilets...
November 10, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120319/-it-makes-us-really-look-inferior-to-outsiders-coping-with-psychosocial-experiences-associated-with-the-lack-of-access-to-safe-water-and-sanitation
#10
Elijah Bisung, Susan J Elliott
OBJECTIVE: This paper explores daily experiences and coping resources related to the lack of access to safe water and adequate sanitation in Usoma, a lakeshore community in Western Kenya. METHODS: A qualitative approach that involved 10 focus group discussions and 9 key informant interviews with community leaders, volunteers and professionals was used to explore the research objectives. Data were collected from June to August 2013. RESULTS: Daily practices and experiences around water and sanitation, such as water collection, open defecation and shared toilets, were a major concern to residents...
November 9, 2017: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117031/risk-factors-for-falls-among-hospitalized-acute-post-ischemic-stroke-patients
#11
Robynn Cox, Beth Buckholtz, Cheryl Bradas, Victoria Bowden, Kathleen Kerber, Molly M McNett
BACKGROUND: Falls remain an important benchmarking indicator for hospitals. Research identifies factors associated with falls among hospitalized patients in general. Similarly, the stroke literature outlines fall risk factors in the inpatient rehabilitation and community setting. PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to identify prevalence and risk factors for falls among acute, hospitalized AIS patients within an urban public healthcare system. Secondary aims were to identify activities present at the time of the fall and outcomes associated with falling...
December 2017: Journal of Neuroscience Nursing: Journal of the American Association of Neuroscience Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062761/wheelchair-accessibility-to-public-buildings-in-the-kumasi-metropolis-ghana
#12
Cosmos Yarfi, Evans Y K Ashigbi, Emmanuel K Nakua
BACKGROUND: Accessibility implies making public places accessible to every individual, irrespective of his or her disability or special need, ensuring the integration of the wheelchair user into the society and thereby granting them the capability of participating in activities of daily living and ensuring equality in daily life. OBJECTIVE: This study was carried out to assess the accessibility of the physical infrastructures (public buildings) in the Kumasi metropolis to wheelchairs after the passage of the Ghanaian Disability Law (Act 716, 2006)...
2017: African Journal of Disability
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989516/public-perceptions-of-the-use-of-gloves-by-healthcare-workers-and-comparison-with-perceptions-of-student-nurses
#13
Jennie Wilson, Aggie Bak, Andrea Whitfield, Andrew Dunnett, Heather Loveday
INTRODUCTION: There is evidence that non-sterile clinical gloves (NSCG) are over-used by healthcare workers (HCWs) and are associated with cross-contamination. This study aimed to determine attitudes of student nurses and members of the public to the use of NSCG. METHODS: Third-year student nurses completed a questionnaire indicating tasks for which they would wear NSCG and influences on their decision. Correlations between tasks were identified using exploratory factor analysis...
May 2017: Journal of Infection Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985750/childhood-diarrheal-morbidity-and-sanitation-predictors-in-a-nomadic-community
#14
Bikes Destaw Bitew, Wondwoson Woldu, Zemichael Gizaw
BACKGROUND: Diarrhea remains a leading killer of young children on the globe despite the availability of simple and effective solutions to prevent and control it. The disease is more prevalent among under - five children (U5C) in the developing world due to lack of sanitation. A child dies every 15 s from diarrheal disease caused largely by poor sanitation. Nearly 90% of diarrheal disease is attributed to inadequate sanitation. Even though, the health burden of diarrheal disease is widely recognized at global level, its prevalence and sanitation predictors among a nomadic population of Ethiopia are not researched...
October 6, 2017: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28966757/health-status-and-working-condition-of-migrant-workers-major-public-health-problems
#15
Abdulbari Bener
BACKGROUND: Very little research and survey have been performed on the occupational health, hazards, and working condition of urban and rural of workers in Qatar. The aim of the current study is to identify the health status, lifestyle condition, working-related problems, and accidents experienced by Indian subcontinental migrants (ISCM) in Qatar and their access to health-care facilities. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study based on a representative sample of 1186 workers and study covering sociodemographic characteristics, medical conditions, and health-seeking behaviors and personal experience...
2017: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941832/toilet-revolution-in-china
#16
Shikun Cheng, Zifu Li, Sayed Mohammad Nazim Uddin, Heinz-Peter Mang, Xiaoqin Zhou, Jian Zhang, Lei Zheng, Lingling Zhang
The wide-spread prevalence of unimproved sanitation technologies has been a major cause of concern for the environment and public health, and China is no exception to this. Towards the sanitation issue, toilet revolution has become a buzzword in China recently. This paper elaborates the backgrounds, connotations, and actions of the toilet revolution in China. The toilet revolution aims to create sanitation infrastructure and public services that work for everyone and that turn waste into value. Opportunities for implementing the toilet revolution include: fulfilling Millennium Development Goals and new Sustainable Development Goals; government support at all levels for popularizing sanitary toilet; environmental protection to alleviate wastewater pollution; resource recovery from human waste and disease prevention for health and wellbeing improvement...
September 20, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936420/wheelchair-users-access-and-exclusion-in-south-african-higher-education
#17
Desire Chiwandire, Louise Vincent
BACKGROUND: South Africa's Constitution guarantees everyone, including persons with disabilities, the right to education. A variety of laws are in place obliging higher education institutions to provide appropriate physical access to education sites for all. In practice, however, many buildings remain inaccessible to people with physical disabilities. OBJECTIVES: To describe what measures South African universities are taking to make their built environments more accessible to students with diverse types of disabilities, and to assess the adequacy of such measures...
2017: African Journal of Disability
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918095/accessibility-and-usability-of-parks-and-playgrounds
#18
Meredith A Perry, Hemakumar Devan, Harry Fitzgerald, Karen Han, Li-Ting Liu, Jack Rouse
BACKGROUND: Public parks and playgrounds are an environment for leisure activity, which all generations can enjoy at low or no financial cost. Evaluating the accessibility and usability of parks and playgrounds is crucial because their design, environment (natural and built) and safety could restrict participation of persons with disabilities. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the accessibility and usability of 21 public parks and playgrounds in three metropolitan cities of New Zealand...
September 8, 2017: Disability and Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903631/evaluation-of-overactive-bladder-and-nocturia-as-a-risk-factor-for-hip-fracture-in-climacteric-women-a-matched-pair-case-control-study
#19
Aysun Karabulut, Serap Simavlı, Ömer Demirtaş, Nusret Ök, Harun Reşit Güngör, Ali Zümrütbaş
The aim of this study was to investigate whether overactive bladder (OAB) influences hip fractures in climacteric women by comparing the frequency of OAB and nocturia symptoms in patients with hip fractures and their age-matched controls in pre-fracture period. A total of 30 climacteric patients with a history of hip fracture were compared to a control group of 51 women in terms of OAB, nocturia and nocturia-QoL. A questionnaire composed of structured questions and Turkish validated versions of the specific questionnaires for OAB, OAB-Quality of Life (OAB-q) and nocturia-QoL was directed to the two groups...
September 14, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875308/physical-social-and-political-inequities-constraining-girls-menstrual-management-at-schools-in-informal-settlements-of-nairobi-kenya
#20
Candace Girod, Anna Ellis, Karen L Andes, Matthew C Freeman, Bethany A Caruso
Access to adequate water and sanitation is limited in informal settlements, contributing to girls' challenges managing menstruation at school, especially when they cannot access materials to absorb menstrual blood and appropriate facilities for hygiene. This study documents differences between girls' experience of menstruation at public schools (where the Kenyan government provides menstrual pads) and private schools (where pads are not provided) in two informal settlements of Nairobi, Kenya. Results showed that supply chains to public schools were not reliable, and equitable pad provision was not assured...
September 5, 2017: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
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