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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29167825/an-epidemiological-survey-of-porcine-cysticercosis-in-nyasa-district-ruvuma-region-tanzania
#1
Seria M Shonyela, Ernatus M Mkupasi, Sikasunge C Sikalizyo, Evance M Kabemba, Helena A Ngowi, Isaac Phiri
Porcine cysticercosis (PC) caused by Taenia solium larvae is continuing being important zoonotic disease in many developing countries. It poses a serious public health risk and leads to economic losses to pig production industry. This study was carried out to determine the prevalence and risk factors associated with PC transmission in Nyasa District. To establish the prevalence of PC, a cross-sectional survey was conducted involving 698 pigs by tongue examination, 330 pigs by Ag-ELISA test and 22 pigs by meat inspection...
November 2017: Parasite Epidemiology and Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127535/predictors-of-hiv-testing-and-their-influence-on-prep-acceptance-in-men-who-have-sex-with-men-a-cross-sectional-study
#2
Tsz Ho Kwan, Shui Shan Lee
HIV testing is the gateway to biomedical means of prevention and treatment. Identifying predictors of HIV testing is important to inform future preventive interventions. Of 444 men who have sex with men without known HIV infection enrolled in a study in Hong Kong, 64% had ever been HIV-tested. Testers were generally older, better educated, had a higher monthly income, and more likely self-identified as gay. Testers often used Internet and frequented saunas for sex networking, compared with non-testers attending bars, massage centres and public toilets...
November 10, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120319/-it-makes-us-really-look-inferior-to-outsiders-coping-with-psychosocial-experiences-associated-with-the-lack-of-access-to-safe-water-and-sanitation
#3
Elijah Bisung, Susan J Elliott
OBJECTIVE: This paper explores daily experiences and coping resources related to the lack of access to safe water and adequate sanitation in Usoma, a lakeshore community in Western Kenya. METHODS: A qualitative approach that involved 10 focus group discussions and 9 key informant interviews with community leaders, volunteers and professionals was used to explore the research objectives. Data were collected from June to August 2013. RESULTS: Daily practices and experiences around water and sanitation, such as water collection, open defecation and shared toilets, were a major concern to residents...
November 9, 2017: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117031/risk-factors-for-falls-among-hospitalized-acute-post-ischemic-stroke-patients
#4
Robynn Cox, Beth Buckholtz, Cheryl Bradas, Victoria Bowden, Kathleen Kerber, Molly M McNett
BACKGROUND: Falls remain an important benchmarking indicator for hospitals. Research identifies factors associated with falls among hospitalized patients in general. Similarly, the stroke literature outlines fall risk factors in the inpatient rehabilitation and community setting. PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to identify prevalence and risk factors for falls among acute, hospitalized AIS patients within an urban public healthcare system. Secondary aims were to identify activities present at the time of the fall and outcomes associated with falling...
December 2017: Journal of Neuroscience Nursing: Journal of the American Association of Neuroscience Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062761/wheelchair-accessibility-to-public-buildings-in-the-kumasi-metropolis-ghana
#5
Cosmos Yarfi, Evans Y K Ashigbi, Emmanuel K Nakua
BACKGROUND: Accessibility implies making public places accessible to every individual, irrespective of his or her disability or special need, ensuring the integration of the wheelchair user into the society and thereby granting them the capability of participating in activities of daily living and ensuring equality in daily life. OBJECTIVE: This study was carried out to assess the accessibility of the physical infrastructures (public buildings) in the Kumasi metropolis to wheelchairs after the passage of the Ghanaian Disability Law (Act 716, 2006)...
2017: African Journal of Disability
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989516/public-perceptions-of-the-use-of-gloves-by-healthcare-workers-and-comparison-with-perceptions-of-student-nurses
#6
Jennie Wilson, Aggie Bak, Andrea Whitfield, Andrew Dunnett, Heather Loveday
INTRODUCTION: There is evidence that non-sterile clinical gloves (NSCG) are over-used by healthcare workers (HCWs) and are associated with cross-contamination. This study aimed to determine attitudes of student nurses and members of the public to the use of NSCG. METHODS: Third-year student nurses completed a questionnaire indicating tasks for which they would wear NSCG and influences on their decision. Correlations between tasks were identified using exploratory factor analysis...
May 2017: Journal of Infection Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985750/childhood-diarrheal-morbidity-and-sanitation-predictors-in-a-nomadic-community
#7
Bikes Destaw Bitew, Wondwoson Woldu, Zemichael Gizaw
BACKGROUND: Diarrhea remains a leading killer of young children on the globe despite the availability of simple and effective solutions to prevent and control it. The disease is more prevalent among under - five children (U5C) in the developing world due to lack of sanitation. A child dies every 15 s from diarrheal disease caused largely by poor sanitation. Nearly 90% of diarrheal disease is attributed to inadequate sanitation. Even though, the health burden of diarrheal disease is widely recognized at global level, its prevalence and sanitation predictors among a nomadic population of Ethiopia are not researched...
October 6, 2017: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28966757/health-status-and-working-condition-of-migrant-workers-major-public-health-problems
#8
Abdulbari Bener
BACKGROUND: Very little research and survey have been performed on the occupational health, hazards, and working condition of urban and rural of workers in Qatar. The aim of the current study is to identify the health status, lifestyle condition, working-related problems, and accidents experienced by Indian subcontinental migrants (ISCM) in Qatar and their access to health-care facilities. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study based on a representative sample of 1186 workers and study covering sociodemographic characteristics, medical conditions, and health-seeking behaviors and personal experience...
2017: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941832/toilet-revolution-in-china
#9
Shikun Cheng, Zifu Li, Sayed Mohammad Nazim Uddin, Heinz-Peter Mang, Xiaoqin Zhou, Jian Zhang, Lei Zheng, Lingling Zhang
The wide-spread prevalence of unimproved sanitation technologies has been a major cause of concern for the environment and public health, and China is no exception to this. Towards the sanitation issue, toilet revolution has become a buzzword in China recently. This paper elaborates the backgrounds, connotations, and actions of the toilet revolution in China. The toilet revolution aims to create sanitation infrastructure and public services that work for everyone and that turn waste into value. Opportunities for implementing the toilet revolution include: fulfilling Millennium Development Goals and new Sustainable Development Goals; government support at all levels for popularizing sanitary toilet; environmental protection to alleviate wastewater pollution; resource recovery from human waste and disease prevention for health and wellbeing improvement...
September 20, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936420/wheelchair-users-access-and-exclusion-in-south-african-higher-education
#10
Desire Chiwandire, Louise Vincent
BACKGROUND: South Africa's Constitution guarantees everyone, including persons with disabilities, the right to education. A variety of laws are in place obliging higher education institutions to provide appropriate physical access to education sites for all. In practice, however, many buildings remain inaccessible to people with physical disabilities. OBJECTIVES: To describe what measures South African universities are taking to make their built environments more accessible to students with diverse types of disabilities, and to assess the adequacy of such measures...
2017: African Journal of Disability
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918095/accessibility-and-usability-of-parks-and-playgrounds
#11
Meredith A Perry, Hemakumar Devan, Harry Fitzgerald, Karen Han, Li-Ting Liu, Jack Rouse
BACKGROUND: Public parks and playgrounds are an environment for leisure activity, which all generations can enjoy at low or no financial cost. Evaluating the accessibility and usability of parks and playgrounds is crucial because their design, environment (natural and built) and safety could restrict participation of persons with disabilities. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the accessibility and usability of 21 public parks and playgrounds in three metropolitan cities of New Zealand...
September 8, 2017: Disability and Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903631/evaluation-of-overactive-bladder-and-nocturia-as-a-risk-factor-for-hip-fracture-in-climacteric-women-a-matched-pair-case-control-study
#12
Aysun Karabulut, Serap Simavlı, Ömer Demirtaş, Nusret Ök, Harun Reşit Güngör, Ali Zümrütbaş
The aim of this study was to investigate whether overactive bladder (OAB) influences hip fractures in climacteric women by comparing the frequency of OAB and nocturia symptoms in patients with hip fractures and their age-matched controls in pre-fracture period. A total of 30 climacteric patients with a history of hip fracture were compared to a control group of 51 women in terms of OAB, nocturia and nocturia-QoL. A questionnaire composed of structured questions and Turkish validated versions of the specific questionnaires for OAB, OAB-Quality of Life (OAB-q) and nocturia-QoL was directed to the two groups...
September 14, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875308/physical-social-and-political-inequities-constraining-girls-menstrual-management-at-schools-in-informal-settlements-of-nairobi-kenya
#13
Candace Girod, Anna Ellis, Karen L Andes, Matthew C Freeman, Bethany A Caruso
Access to adequate water and sanitation is limited in informal settlements, contributing to girls' challenges managing menstruation at school, especially when they cannot access materials to absorb menstrual blood and appropriate facilities for hygiene. This study documents differences between girls' experience of menstruation at public schools (where the Kenyan government provides menstrual pads) and private schools (where pads are not provided) in two informal settlements of Nairobi, Kenya. Results showed that supply chains to public schools were not reliable, and equitable pad provision was not assured...
September 5, 2017: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809798/socioeconomic-inequalities-in-green-space-quality-and-accessibility-evidence-from-a-southern-european-city
#14
Elaine Hoffimann, Henrique Barros, Ana Isabel Ribeiro
Background: The provision of green spaces is an important health promotion strategy to encourage physical activity and to improve population health. Green space provision has to be based on the principle of equity. This study investigated the presence of socioeconomic inequalities in geographic accessibility and quality of green spaces across Porto neighbourhoods (Portugal). Methods: Accessibility was evaluated using a Geographic Information System and all the green spaces were audited using the Public Open Space Tool...
August 15, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809593/water-sanitation-and-hygiene-in-jordan-s-healthcare-facilities
#15
Yousef Saleh Khader
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to determine water availability, sanitation and hygiene (WSH) services, and healthcare waste management in Jordan healthcare facilities. Design/methodology/approach In total, 19 hospitals (15 public and four private) were selected. The WSH services were assessed in hospitals using the WSH in health facilities assessment tool developed for this purpose. Findings All hospitals (100 percent) had a safe water source and most (84.2 percent) had functional water sources to provide enough water for users' needs...
August 14, 2017: International Journal of Health Care Quality Assurance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795921/health-at-the-borders-bayesian-multilevel-analysis-of-women-s-malnutrition-determinants-in-ethiopia
#16
Tefera Darge Delbiso, Jose Manuel Rodriguez-Llanes, Chiara Altare, Bruno Masquelier, Debarati Guha-Sapir
Background Women's malnutrition, particularly undernutrition, remains an important public health challenge in Ethiopia. Although various studies examined the levels and determinants of women's nutritional status, the influence of living close to an international border on women's nutrition has not been investigated. Yet, Ethiopian borders are regularly affected by conflict and refugee flows, which might ultimately impact health. Objective To investigate the impact of living close to borders in the nutritional status of women in Ethiopia, while considering other important covariates...
December 2016: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756169/public-health-and-healthcare-associated-risk-of-electric-warm-water-bidet-toilets
#17
A Kanayama Katsuse, H Takahashi, S Yoshizawa, Kazuhiro Tateda, Y Nakanishi, A Kaneko, I Kobayashi
BACKGROUND: In recent years, installation of bidet toilets within hospitals in Japan has raised concerns regarding potential for cross-contamination by antimicrobial-resistant bacteria from patients who are hospitalized over an extended period. AIM: To investigate the distribution of antimicrobial-resistant bacteria recovered from bidet toilets at a university-affiliated hospital in Japan. METHODS: All 292 electric bidet toilets at a university hospital were sampled for contamination...
November 2017: Journal of Hospital Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679422/prevalence-of-diarrhoea-and-risk-factors-among-children-under-five-years-old-in-mbour-senegal-a-cross-sectional-study
#18
Sokhna Thiam, Aminata N Diène, Samuel Fuhrimann, Mirko S Winkler, Ibrahima Sy, Jacques A Ndione, Christian Schindler, Penelope Vounatsou, Jürg Utzinger, Ousmane Faye, Guéladio Cissé
BACKGROUND: Diarrhoeal diseases remain an important cause of mortality and morbidity among children, particularly in low- and middle-income countries. In Senegal, diarrhoea is responsible for 15% of all deaths in children under the age of five and is the third leading cause of childhood deaths. For targeted planning and implementation of prevention strategies, a context-specific understanding of the determinants of diarrhoeal diseases is needed. The aim of this study was to identify risk factors of diarrhoeal diseases in children under the age of five in Mbour, Senegal...
July 6, 2017: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670508/a-unified-framework-for-developing-effective-hygiene-procedures-for-hands-environmental-surfaces-and-laundry-in-healthcare-domestic-food-handling-and-other-settings
#19
REVIEW
Sally F Bloomfield, Philip C Carling, Martin Exner
Hygiene procedures for hands, surfaces and fabrics are central to preventing spread of infection in settings including healthcare, food production, catering, agriculture, public settings, and home and everyday life. They are used in situations including hand hygiene, clinical procedures, decontamination of environmental surfaces, respiratory hygiene, food handling, laundry hygiene, toilet hygiene and so on. Although the principles are common to all, approaches currently used in different settings are inconsistent...
2017: GMS Hygiene and Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652937/primary-health-clinic-toilet-bathroom-surface-swab-sampling-can-indicate-community-profile-of-sexually-transmitted-infections
#20
Philip M Giffard, Jiunn-Yih Su, Patiyan Andersson, Deborah C Holt
BACKGROUND: The microbiome of built environment surfaces is impacted by the presence of humans. In this study, we tested the hypothesis that analysis of surface swabs from clinic toilet/bathroom yields results correlated with sexually transmitted infection (STI) notifications from corresponding human populations. We extended a previously reported study in which surfaces in toilet/bathroom facilities in primary health clinics in the Australian Northern Territory (NT) were swabbed then tested for nucleic acid from the STI agents Chlamydia trachomatis, Neisseria gonorrhoeae and Trichomonas vaginalis...
2017: PeerJ
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