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Motor control infant

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700568/neonatal-basal-ganglia-and-thalamic-volumes-very-preterm-birth-and-7-year-neurodevelopmental-outcomes
#1
Wai Yen Loh, Peter J Anderson, Jeanie L Y Cheong, Alicia J Spittle, Jian Chen, Katherine J Lee, Charlotte Molesworth, Terrie E Inder, A Connelly, Lex W Doyle, Deanne K Thompson
BACKGROUND: This study aims to (1) compare volumes of individual basal ganglia nuclei (caudate nucleus, pallidum, putamen) and the thalamus between very preterm (VP) and term-born infants at term-equivalent age; (2) explore neonatal basal ganglia and thalamic volume relationships with 7-year neurodevelopmental outcomes, and whether these relationships differed between VP and term-born children. METHODS: 210 VP (<30 weeks' gestational age) and 39 term-born (≥37 weeks' gestational age) infants underwent brain magnetic resonance imaging at term-equivalent age, and deep grey matter volumes of interest were automatically generated...
July 12, 2017: Pediatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686592/can-cerebellar-and-brainstem-apparent-diffusion-coefficient-adc-values-predict-neuromotor-outcome-in-term-neonates-with-hypoxic-ischemic-encephalopathy-hie-treated-with-hypothermia
#2
Gemma Arca-Díaz, Thomas J Re, Marie Drottar, Carmen Rosa Fortuno, Katyucia De Macedo-Rodrigues, Kiho Im, Josep Figueras-Aloy, Patricia Ellen Grant
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: To determine the apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) in specific infratentorial brain structures during the first week of life and its relation with neuromotor outcome for Hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) in term neonates with and without whole-body hypothermia (TH). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively evaluated 45 MRI studies performed in the first week of life of term neonates born between 2010 and 2013 at Boston Children's Hospital...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683833/effectiveness-of-skin-to-skin-contact-versus-care-as-usual-in-mothers-and-their-full-term-infants-study-protocol-for-a-parallel-group-randomized-controlled-trial
#3
Kelly H M Cooijmans, Roseriet Beijers, Anne C Rovers, Carolina de Weerth
BACKGROUND: Twenty-to-forty percent of women experience postpartum depressive symptoms, which can affect both the mother and infant. In preterm infants, daily skin-to-skin contact (SSC) between the mother and her infant has been shown to decrease maternal postpartum depressive symptoms. In full-term infants, only two studies investigated SSC effects on maternal depressive symptoms and found similar results. Research in preterm infants also showed that SSC improves other mental and physical health outcomes of the mother and the infant, and improves the quality of mother-infant relationship...
July 6, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28672273/does-a-parent-administrated-early-motor-intervention-influence-general-movements-and-movement-character-at-3months-of-age-in-infants-born-preterm
#4
Toril Fjørtoft, Tordis Ustad, Turid Follestad, Per Ivar Kaaresen, Gunn Kristin Øberg
BACKGROUND: Studies of preterm and term-born infants have shown absent fidgety movements and an abnormal movement character to be related to brain lesions and unfavourable neurological outcomes. AIMS: The present study examines what effect a parent-administered early intervention program applied to preterm infants in a randomised control trial (RCT) between 34 and 36weeks gestational age has on their fidgety movements and overall movement character at three months of age...
June 30, 2017: Early Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661908/associations-between-hormonal-biomarkers-and-cognitive-motor-and-language-developmental-status-in-very-low-birth-weight-infants
#5
June Cho, Diane Holditch-Davis, Xiaogang Su, Vivien Phillips, Fred Biasini, Waldemar A Carlo
BACKGROUND: Male infants are more prone to health problems and developmental delays than female infants. OBJECTIVES: On the basis of theories of gender differences in brain development and social relationships, we explored associations between testosterone and cortisol levels with infant cognitive, motor, and language development ("infant development") in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants, controlling for mother-infant interactions, characteristics of mothers and infants, and days of saliva collection after birth...
June 28, 2017: Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637335/astrocyte-produced-mir-146a-as-a-mediator-of-motor-neuron-loss-in-spinal-muscular-atrophy
#6
Samantha L Sison, Teresa N Patitucci, Emily R Seminary, Eric Villalon, Christian L Lorson, Allison D Ebert
Spinal muscular atrophy (SMA), the leading genetic cause of infant mortality, is caused by loss of the survival motor neuron-1 (SMN1) gene, which leads to motor neuron loss, muscle atrophy, respiratory distress, and death. Motor neurons exhibit the most profound loss, but the mechanisms underlying disease pathogenesis are not fully understood. Recent evidence suggests that motor neuron extrinsic influences, such as those arising from astrocytes, contribute to motor neuron malfunction and loss. Here we investigated both loss-of-function and toxic gain-of-function astrocyte mechanisms that could play a role in SMA pathology...
June 15, 2017: Human Molecular Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635049/a-neural-network-model-for-development-of-reaching-and-pointing-based-on-the-interaction-of-forward-and-inverse-transformations
#7
Naohiro Takemura, Toshio Inui, Takao Fukui
Pointing is one of the communicative actions that infants acquire during their first year of life. Based on a hypothesis that early pointing is triggered by emergent reaching behavior toward objects placed at out-of-reach distances, we proposed a neural network model that acquires reaching without explicit representation of 'targets'. The proposed model controls a two-joint arm in a horizontal plane, and it learns a loop of internal forward and inverse transformations; the former predicts the visual feedback of hand position and the latter generates motor commands from the visual input through random generation of the motor commands...
June 20, 2017: Developmental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626334/effect-of-neuro-development-treatment-on-motor-development-in-preterm-infants
#8
Eun-Ju Lee
[Purpose] To investigate the effects of Neuro-Development Treatment on development in the preterm infants. [Subjects and Methods] A total of 96 premature infants were recruited for this study; 62 low birth weight preterm infants (<2.5 kg, high risk infants for developmental delay) and 34 premature infants (>2.5 kg, low risk infants for developmental delay). High risk infants were divided into intervention group (32 infants) and control group (30 infants) at time of admission. Low risk infants were into comparative group (34 infants)...
June 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625014/comparison-in-executive-function-in-chinese-preterm-and-full-term-infants-at-eight-months
#9
Yao Feng, Hong Zhou, Yan Zhang, Anthony Perkins, Yan Wang, Jing Sun
Executive function (EF) is increasingly recognized as being responsible for adverse developmental outcomes in preterm-born infants. Several perinatal factors may lead to poor EF development in infancy, and the deficits in EF can be identified in infants as young as eight months. A prospective cohort study was designed to study the EF in Chinese preterm infants and examine the relationship between EF in preterm infants and maternal factors during perinatal period. A total of 88 preterm infants and 88 full-term infants were followed from birth to eight months (corrected age)...
June 17, 2017: Frontiers of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615372/preconception-micronutrient-supplementation-with-iron-and-folic-acid-compared-with-folic-acid-alone-affects-linear-growth-and-fine-motor-development-at-2-years-of-age-a-randomized-controlled-trial-in-vietnam
#10
Phuong H Nguyen, Ines Gonzalez-Casanova, Melissa F Young, Truong Viet Truong, Hue Hoang, Huong Nguyen, Son Nguyen, Ann M DiGirolamo, Reynaldo Martorell, Usha Ramakrishnan
Background: Maternal health and nutrition play a crucial role in early child growth and development. However, little is known about the benefits of preconception micronutrient interventions beyond the role of folic acid (FA) and neural tube defects.Objective: We evaluated the impact of weekly preconception multiple micronutrient (MM) or iron and folic acid (IFA) supplementation on child growth and development through the age of 2 y compared with FA alone.Methods: We followed 1599 offspring born to women who participated in a randomized controlled trial of preconception supplementation in Vietnam...
June 14, 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606238/-efficacy-of-sleep-position-correction-for-treating-infants-with-positional-plagiocephaly
#11
Yan Wu, Zhi-Feng Wu, Yu-Ping Zhang, Cong-Min Zhao, Xiu-Mei Yu, Wang Yang, Zai-Xin Chen, Qiu-Ming Pan
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the efficacy of 2-month course of sleeping position correction in the treatment of positional plagiocephaly in infants aged <8 months. METHODS: A total of 73 infants with positional plagiocephaly between January 2015 and June 2016 were divided into treatment group (n=46) and control group (n=27) according to parents' wishes. The treatment group received sleeping position correction, while the control group received sleep curve mattress...
June 2017: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605484/infants-born-preterm-demonstrate-impaired-exploration-of-their-bodies-and-surfaces-throughout-the-first-two-years-of-life
#12
Iryna Babik, James Cole Galloway, Michele A Lobo
Background.: Non-object-oriented exploratory behaviors infants perform with their bodies and surfaces have been proposed to be key precursors of infants' object exploration, early learning, and future cognitive development. Little is known about the developmental trajectories of these behaviors, especially for infants born preterm. Objective.: The purpose of the study was to longitudinally compare non-object-oriented exploratory behaviors performed by full-term and preterm infants...
June 12, 2017: Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603509/emerging-trends-in-the-multimodal-nature-of-cognition-touch-and-handedness
#13
REVIEW
Miriam Ittyerah
Advances in tactile cognition and haptics have increased our understanding of the multimodal nature of touch. Haptic data is mostly confined to human performance arising from the flexibility and dexterity of the fingers used to discriminate shapes and objects. Studies with infants indicate that recognition of objects either seen or held in the hand is possible during early periods of infancy. Evidence indicates performance differences between the hands decrease over periods of development, reflecting maturation of the cortical brain system supporting motor skills...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585371/influences-of-early-child-nutritional-status-and-home-learning-environment-on-child-development-in-vietnam
#14
Phuong H Nguyen, Ann M DiGirolamo, Ines Gonzalez-Casanova, Melissa Young, Nicole Kim, Son Nguyen, Reynaldo Martorell, Usha Ramakrishnan
Early childhood development plays a key role in a child's future health, educational success, and economic status. However, suboptimal early development remains a global challenge. This study examines the influences of quality of the home learning environment (HOME) and child stunting in the first year of life on child development. We used data collected from a randomized controlled trial of preconceptional micronutrient supplementation in Vietnam (n = 1,458). The Bayley Scales of Infant Development-III were used to assess cognition, language, and motor development domains at 2 years...
June 6, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582882/pediatric-feeding-and-swallowing-rehabilitation-an-overview
#15
Lenie van den Engel-Hoek, Celia Harding, Marjo van Gerven, Helen Cockerill
Children with neurological disabilities frequently have problems with feeding and swallowing. Such problems have a significant impact on the health and well-being of these children and their families. The primary aims in the rehabilitation of pediatric feeding and swallowing disorders are focused on supporting growth, nutrition and hydration, the development of feeding activities, and ensuring safe swallowing with the aim of preventing choking and aspiration pneumonia. Pediatric feeding and swallowing disorders can be divided into four groups: transient, developmental, chronic or progressive...
May 16, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557747/supplemental-iodide-for-preterm-infants-and-developmental-outcomes-at-2-years-an-rct
#16
Fiona L R Williams, Simon Ogston, Robert Hume, Jennifer Watson, Kayleigh Stanbury, Peter Willatts, Anita Boelen, Edmund Juszczak, Peter Brocklehurst
BACKGROUND: The recommendation for enteral iodide intake for preterm infants is 30 to 40 μg/kg per day and 1 μg/kg per day for parenteral intake. Preterm infants are vulnerable to iodide insufficiency and thyroid dysfunction. The hypothesis tested whether, compared with placebo, iodide supplementation of preterm infants improves neurodevelopment. METHODS: A randomized controlled trial of iodide supplementation versus placebo in infants <31 weeks' gestation...
May 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506665/motor-development-of-preterm-infants-assessed-by-the-alberta-infant-motor-scale-systematic-review-article
#17
REVIEW
Rubia do N Fuentefria, Rita C Silveira, Renato S Procianoy
OBJECTIVE: Premature newborns are considered at risk for motor development deficits, leading to the need for monitoring in early life. The aim of this study was to systematically review the literature about gross motor development of preterm infants, assessed by the Alberta Infant Motor Scale (AIMS) to identify the main outcomes in development. DATA SOURCE: Systematic review of studies published from 2006 to 2015, indexed in Pubmed, Scielo, Lilacs, and Medline databases in English and Portuguese...
May 12, 2017: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471442/an-antenatal-marker-of-neurodevelopmental-outcomes-in-infants-with-congenital-heart-disease
#18
S Siddiqui, W P Fifer, M Ordonez-Retamar, J D Nugent, I A Williams
OBJECTIVE: Prenatal exposures are known to alter fetal neurodevelopment and autonomic control. We aimed to explore the correlation between fetal autonomic activity, measured by fetal heart rate variability, and 18-month developmental outcome in subjects with congenital heart disease. STUDY DESIGN: From 2010 to 2013, 5 fetuses with hypoplastic left heart syndrome, 9 with transposition of the great arteries and 9 with tetralogy of Fallot were included in this prospective cohort study...
May 4, 2017: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458148/postural-control-strategies-differ-in-normal-weight-and-overweight-infants
#19
Danae Dinkel, Kailey Snyder, Victoria Molfese, Anastasia Kyvelidou
BACKGROUND: Evidence suggests obesity can have a negative influence on a child's motor development and postural control behavior. Little research has examined the impact of infant weight on gross motor behavior, particularly postural control at the onset of sitting. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine whether normal weight and overweight infants differed in their postural control strategies at the onset of sitting and one-month post onset of sitting...
June 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28452420/neurobehavioural-and-cognitive-development-in-infants-born-to-mothers-with-eating-disorders
#20
M Barona, E Taborelli, F Corfield, S Pawlby, A Easter, U Schmidt, J Treasure, N Micali
INTRODUCTION: Although recent research has focused on the effects of maternal eating disorders (EDs) on children, little is known about the effect of maternal EDs on neurobiological outcomes in newborns and infants. This study is the first to investigate neurobehavioural regulation and cognitive development in newborns and infants of mothers with EDs. METHODS: Women with an active and past ED and healthy controls were recruited to a prospective longitudinal study during their first trimester or second trimester of pregnancy...
April 28, 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
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